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Southern Uí Néill
The Middle Kingdom


Mide & Brega * Southern Uí Néill * Dynasties * Map

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Background on the Southern Uí Néill

The Southern Uí Néill [not to be confused with O'Neill] were the leading dynasties in the "middle kingdoms" of Mide and Brega from the 5th century up to the arrival of the Normans in the 12th century. Prior to the arrival of the sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages in the 5th century, the areas of Mide and Brega were ruled under dynasties which included the Laigin, as the area has been speculated to be previously a part of the kingdom of ancient Leinster. Of the sons and grandsons of Niall who conquered territory in this area there included Lóegaire, of Cenel Lóigaire; Conall Cremthann, ancestor of Clan Cholmáin (Mide) and Sil Áeda Sláine (Brega); Cairbre, of Cenel Cairpri Laigin and Cairpri Gabra; Fiachu, of Cinel Fiachach and Fir Cell; and Maine, of Tethba.

By the 8th century the area within and surrounding the modern counties of Meath (roughly Brega) and Westmeath (roughly Mide) included the leading southern Uí Néill septs of Clann Cholmaín and Síl nÁedo Sláine, as well as the Middle Kingdom dynasties included in the territories of the Cianachta, Delbna, Fir Chul, Deisi Brega, Fir Tulach, Uí Maic Uais, Deisi Brega, Luigne, Gailenga, Saithne, Breaghmhaine, Fir Bile, Corco Roidhe, Conmaicne and Calraige, and Saithne (among others).



Cenel Lóigaire
In descent from Lóegaire, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and sovereign of Ireland in the mid 5th century. The O'Kennelans (Connellan, Quinlan) were a senior branch of Cenel Lóigaire with their namesake cited as lord of Cenel Laoghaire in the 10th century.

An Early Cenel Lóigaire genealogy:
Domnall m. Gillai Ultáin m. Óengusa m. Caíndelbáin m. Máel Chróin m. Domnaill m. Cináeda m. Con Ruii m. Óengusa m. Feradaich m. Máel Dúin Dergainich m. Colmáin m. Áeda m. Libir m. Dallíni m. Énnai m. Lóegaire m. Néill Noígiallaig.

The annals cite for Cenel Lóigaire:
  • For 507, Lughdach maic Laeghaire rig Temrach (Tara).
  • For 639/42, Oilill, son of Colman, chief of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
  • For 766, Aenghus, son of Fearadhach, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
  • For 779, Maelduin, son of Aenghus, lord of Cinel Laeghaire.
  • For 792, Curoi, son of Aenghus, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
  • For 833, Conghalach, son of Aenghus, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
  • For 842, Cinaedh, son of Conra, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, was slain by the Dealbhna.
  • For 880, Cumascach, son of Domhnall, lord of Cinel Laeghaire.
  • For 882, Domhnall, son of Aedh, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died in religion.
  • For 896, Maelcroin (the father of Caindelbhan), son of Domhnall, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, was slain by the Luigni.
  • For 925, Caindealbhán, mac Maol Cróin, tighearna Ua Laoghaire.
  • For 930, Cionaedh, mac Caindealbhain, tighearna Cenel Laoghaire.
  • For 932, Cinaedh m. Caindelbain, dux Generis Loeghaire.
  • For 952, Bran, mac Domhnaill, tighearna Chenel Laeghaire Bregh, was slain.
  • For 1017, Domnall h-ua Caíndelbaín, rí Ceneoil Laeghairi
  • For 1018, Domnall H. Caindelbain ri Loegaire.
  • For 1033, Lorcan Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laoghairi.
  • For 1075, Domhnall Ua Caindealbháin was slain by the Airghialla.
  • For 1085, Oenghus Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laeghaire.
  • For 1104, Cú Uladh Ua Caindealbháin, tigherna Loeghaire.
  • For 1130, Aengus h-Úa Caendelban rí Laegaire.
  • For 1136, Domhnall Ua Caindelbhain, rí Laegaire, was slain by Tighernan h-Úu Ruairc.
  • For 1140, Cú Uladh Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laoghaire.
  • For 1157, Cú Uladh Ua Caindealbháin, tigherna Laoghaire.
  • For 1160, Lorcán Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laoghaire.

    Clan Lugdach of the Cenel Lóigaire, in descent from Lugdach, son of Lóegaire, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
    Máel Maith m. Ciarhuidir m. Máel Pátric m. Lennáin m. Nárgusa m. Máel Rubae m. Rechtcride m. Moga m. Dóer m. Ultáin m. Rónáin m. Cellaich m. Faílbe m. Flaind Dubthaire m. Ailella m. Guaire m. Lugdach m. Láegaire m. Néill Noígiallaig.


    Clan Colmain
    In descent from Colmáin, g-g-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and ancestor of the Clan Cholmain line of high-kings of Ireland in the 8th through the 10th centuries. A senior sept of Clann Cholmain included O'Melaghlin (MacLoughlin of the southern Uí Neill).

    Early Clan Colmain genealogy:
    Murchad & Máel Sechnaill & Murcherdach & Diarmait cethri m. Domnaill m. Flaind m. Máel Sechnaill m. Domnaill m. Donnchada m. Flaind m. Máel Sechnaill m. Máel Ruanaid m. Donnchada m. Domnaill m. Murchada m. Dermata m. Airmedaich m. Conaill Guthbind m. Suibni m. Colmáin m. Diarmata m. Fergusa Cerrbéoil m. Conaill Cremthainni m. Néill Noígiallaig


    Sil Áeda Sláine
    In descent from Niall of the Nine Hostages, and a sovereign of Ireland in the 6th century. Branches of the Sil Áeda Sláine included Mac Giolla Seachloinn (Mac Glaughlin, later confused with MacLoughlin) and Ua hAirt (O'Hart), Ua Congalaig (O'Connolly), among others.

    An early Sil Áeda Sláine genealogy:
    Donnchad m. Dondchada m. Domnaill m. Congalaig m. Máel Mithig m. Flannacáin m. Cellaich m. Congalaig m. Conaing m. Amalgada m. Congalaich m. Áeda Sláine m. Diarmata m. Fergusa Cerrbéoil m. Conaill Cremthainni m. Néill Noígiallaig

    Clan Cernaich Sottail (of the Sil Áeda Sláine) genealogy:
    Gilla Mo Chonna m. Fogartaich m. Ciarmeicc m. Congalaich m. Fócarta m. Máel Dúin m. Fergusa m. Fogartaich (c.722) m. Néill m. Cernaich Sottail m. Diarmata Ruanada m. Áeda Sláine m. Diarmata m. Fergusa Cerrbéoil m. Conaill Cremthainni m. Néill Noígiallaig

    Sil Áeda Laigen (of Clan Cernaich Sottail) genealogy:
    Máel Dúin m. Cathacáin m. Óenacáin m. Máel Dúin m. Domnaill m. Áeda Laigen m. Néill m. Cernaich Sottail m. Diarmata m. Áeda Sláine.

    Clan Fínsnechtai genealogy:
    Máel Mugnai m. Cernaich m. Cummascaich m. Tommaltaich m. Cathail m. Fínnachta m. Dúnchada m. Áeda Sláine.


    Cenel Cairpri
    In descent from Cairbre, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. A senior branch of Cenel Cairpri included Ua Chiardha (O'Keary, O'Carey) of Uí Cairpri Laigin. A senior branch of Cairpre Gabra included. Ua Ronain (O'Ronan)

    An early Cairpri lineage (O'Keary, O'Carey of Kildare, et al):
    Uallgarg m. Máel Ruanaid m. Máel Fábaill m. Ciardai m. Máel Bennachtai m. Écneicháin m. Dúnchada m. Arttgaile m. Donngaile m. Loingsich m. Lóegaire m. Con Gamna m. Moínaich m. Fiangusa m. Congaile m. Máel Dúin m. Scandláin m. Roitich m. Ainmerech m. Cormaicc m. Cairpri m. Néill Noígiallaig.

    The annals cite for Uí Cairpri:
  • For 666, Mael Duin filius Scannail, rex Generis Coirpri.
  • For 993 Maol Ruanaidh ua Ciardha, lord of Cairpre, is slain by the men of Teftha;
  • For 1012, Ualgharg ua Ciarrdhai lá tigherna Coirpre.
  • For 1017, Aodh na Dearbha Ua Ciarrdha was tigherna (lord) of Cairpre;
  • For 1024, Maol Ruanaidh ua Ciarrdhai is cited as tigherna Cairpre;
  • For 1046, Ferghal Ua Ciardha, tigherna Cairpre, was slain by the men of Tethba.
  • For 1080, Giolla Muire Ua Ciarrdha, tigherna Cairpre;
  • For 1138, Domnall O Cíardha is cited as rí Cairpri;
  • For 1174, Mulrony O'Keary, Lord of Carbury, was treacherously slain by the Galls Ostmen of Dublin, i.e. by Mac Turnin, assisted by the son of Hugh O'Farrell, and Kellagh O'Finnallan, Lord of Delvin-More.
  • For 1176, Donnell, son of Gillapatrick O'Keary, Lord of Carbury O'Keary, was treacherously slain by O'Melaghlin (i.e. Art), upon which Art was deposed by the men of Meath, and his kingdom (or lordship) was given to Donough O'Melaghlin; and his son Flann was slain by the inhabitants of Carbury O'Keary.


    Cinel Fiachach and Fir Cell (Fercal)
    Cited in the annals for the year 507 AD was the battle of Druim Deargaighe, which was gained against Foilghe Berraidhe, by Fiacha, son of Niall. From that time forward the land extending from Cluain In Dibhair to Uisneach belonged to the Cinel Fiachach. This Fiacha is claimed to be the ancestor of some of the septs of the Cinel Fiachach. By the 12th century the septs of Cinel Fiachach included Mac Eochagain (Mac Geoghegan) of Moycashel, Ua Braonain (O'Brennan) of Moycashel, and Ua Maoil Mhuaidh (O'Molloy) of Fir Cell (Ballyboy & Ballygowan baronies, Offaly).

    The annals cite for Fir Cell:
  • For 820, A victory was gained by the Uí Garbhain and the Cuircne over the Dealbhna.
  • For 839, The plundering of Feara Ceall and Dealbhna Eathra by Niall Caille.
  • For 892, Laeghaire, son of Maelfuataigh, lord of Feara Ceall, died.
  • For 960, Mughron ua Maol Mhuaidh, tighearna Fear c-Cell, died.
  • For 1020, Mael Muadh h-ua Mail Muidh, rí Fer Cell.
  • For 1048, Fergal h-Úa Mael Muaidh, ri Fer Cell, died.
  • For 1071, mac Gilla Brighdi h-Úi Mail Muaidh, rí Fer Cell.
  • For 1110, Gilla Coluim O Mail Muáidh, rí Fer Cell.
  • For 1139, Donnchad O Mail Muaidh, rí Fer Cell, was slain by Murcadh h-Úa Mael Sechlainn.
  • For 1141, Domnall mac Ruaidhri h-Úi Mail Muaidh, rí Fer Cell, was slain.
  • For 1142, Mac Fergail h-Úi Mael Mhuaidh, rí Fer Cell, was slain.
  • For 1156, Aedh mac Donnchadha h-Uí Mael Sechlainn, rí Fer Cell.
  • For 1175, Gillacolum O'Molloy, Lord of Fircall, was treacherously slain by Rory, the son of Conor Mac Coghlan.


    Fir Tethba
    In descent from Maine, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. Chiefs in the territory of Teathba included O'Carney, Sinnach and Fox. Other septs included O'Laughnan.
    An early genealogy - Lachtnán m. Máel Chiaráin m. Conaing m. Congaile m. Béicce Tethba m. Condbae m. Congaile m. Blaithmeic m. Óengusa m. Áeda m. Brénaind m. Breccáin m. Maine m. Néill Noígiallaig.

    The annals cite for Tethba:
  • For 547, The chief of Teathbha, Crimhthann, son of Brian, died.
  • For 566, Aedh, son of Breanainn, chief of Teathbha, routed King Diarmaid at the battle of Cuil Uinnsenn, in Teathbha.
  • For 573, Breanainn, son of Brian, chief of Teathbha (Teffia), died.
  • For 585, Breanainn, Lord of Teathbha (Teffia), died. It was he that had, some time before, granted Dearmhagh to God and to Colum Cille.
  • For 589, Aedh m. Brendain, king of Tethba.
  • For 604, Aeda Buidhi ríg h-Ua Mane & Teftha, that is, h-Ua Mane maic Neill.
  • For 736, Connla, Lord of Teabhtha, died.
  • For 747/52, Conaing Ua Duibhduin, lord of Cairbre Teabhtha, died.
  • For 760, For 770, Aelghal, son of Flann, son of Conla, chief of Teathbha.
  • For 766, Becc, son of Connla, lord of Teathbha, died.
  • For 766, Artghal, son of Conall, lord of Cairbre Teathbha died.
  • For 770, Aelghal, son of Flann, son of Conla, chief of Teathbha, died.
  • For 786, The battle of Ard Abhla, in which Diarmaid, son of Bec, lord of Teathbha, was slain by Fearghus, son of Ailghil.
  • For 794, Fearghus, son of Ailghil, lord of Cinel Cairbre, was slain at the battle of Finnabhair, in Teathbha, along with with Duibhinnreacht, son of Artghal, with Muireadhach, son of Connmhach, and with Cosgrach, son of Ceithearnach.
  • For 821, Conaing, son of Conghal, lord of Teathbha, died.
  • For 824, Art, son of Diarmaid, lord of Teathbha, was slain.
  • For 826, Uada, son of Diarmaid, lord of Teathbha, was slain.
  • For 833, Diarmaid, son of Conaing, lord of Teathbha, died.
  • For 839, Cinaedh, son of Coscrach, lord of Breaghmhaine, in Teathbha, died.
  • For 877, Maelciarain, son of Conang, lord of Teathbha, died in religion, after a good life.
  • For 889, Lachtnan, son of Maelciarain, lord of Teathbha, died.
  • For 893, Aedhagan, son of Conchobhar, lord of Teathbha, died.
  • For 925, Foghartach, mac Lachtnáin, tighearna Teathbha.
  • For 927, Fuacarta mac Lachtnain, king of Tethba.
  • For 951, Becc mac Duind Cuan, king of Tethba.
  • For 956, Aedh mac Aichidi, king of Tethba.
  • For 972, Aghda, mac Duibhcind, mic Tadgain, tigherna Tethbha.
  • For 979/80, Agda mac Duibgind, rí Teftha, died.
  • For 991, Donn mac Donnghail, mic Duind Cuan, tigherna Teathbha, was slain.
  • For 994, Giolla Pátraicc, mac Duinn Cuan, tigherna Tethbha, was slain.
  • For 995, Giolla Patraicc ua Flannacáin, tigherna Tethbha, was slain by Fiachra mac Roduibh, taoisioch Muintire Mhaoil Fhinda.
  • For 997/98, Giolla Ernáin, mac Aghda, tigherna Tethbha, was slain by Síol Ronáin.
  • For 1000, Diarmaid ua Lachtnáin, tigherna Teabhtha, was slain by the Mhuintir Féisin.
  • For 1002, Aedh, mac ui Coin Fhiacla, tigherna Tethbha, do mharbhadh ó Uibh Con Chille.
  • For 1014, Giolla Colaim ua h-Aghdha tigherna Tethbha.
  • For 1028, Bec ua h-Aghda, tigherna Teathbha, was slain.
  • For 1031, Ua h-Aghda, .i. Aghda mac Giolla Coluim, tigherna Tethbha.
  • For 1034, Giolla Pattraicc Ua Flannagáin, tigherna Teathbha.
  • For 1036, Scolócc .i. Niall Ua Flannagáin, tigherna Tethbha, do mharbhadh la Feraibh Tethba búdéin .i. lá Muinntir Tlamáin.
  • For 1038, h-Úa Aimirgen, rí Teftha, was slain.
  • For 1043, Aodh Ua Coinfhiacla, tigherna Tethbha.
  • For 1067, Tadhg Ua Muireccán, tigherna Teathbha, do mharbhadh la Muintir Tlamáin i Maonmhaigh.
  • For 1070, Cond mac meic Cuind, rí Teftha.
  • For 1071, Aeghredán Ua Muiregáin, tigherna Tethbha, was slain by the Conmaicne.
  • For 1086, Cínaeth h-Ua Catharnaigh, rí Teftha.
  • For 1087, Maol Ruanaidh Ua h-Airt, of Chloinn Diarmada, tigherna Tethbha, died.
  • For 1095, Domnall h-úa Muredhaigh, en-rí Teftha, was slain.
  • For 1098, Catharnach, mac An t-Sionnaigh Uidhir, tigherna Tethbha, do mharbhadh d'Airther Teathbha, .i. d'Ua Airt, h-i fioll.
  • For 1099, Muirchertach h-Ua h-Airt, rí Teftha, & h-Ua Lachtnán.
  • For 1101, Cathal Ua Muireaccán, tigherna Teathbha, do mharbhadh do Airther Tethbha.
  • For 1144, Domnall h-Úa Con Fhiacla, rí Teftha, dies.
  • For 1153, Flann Ua Flannaccáin, tigherna Teathbha, died.
  • For 1156, Tadhg Ua Catharnaigh, tigherna Teathbha, died.
  • For 1282, Bece meic Conla .i. ri Tethba.
  • For 1316, Niall Sinnach ri Fer Tethba.
  • For 1370, Murcertach Sinnach rex Fer Tethba.


    Delbna
    Four regions in southern Uí Neill territory are denoted as Delbna. Around the 12th century these included: Mac Cochlain (Mac Coughlan) of Delbna bEthra (Garrycastle, Co. Offaly), Ua Finnallain (O'Finnallan, Fenelon) of Delbna Mor (Delvin barony, Westmeath), Ua Scolaidhe (O'Scully) of Delbna Iathair (Delvin and Rathconrath baronies, Westmeath), Ua Maoil Challan (Mulholland) in Delbna Bec (Fore barony, co. Westmeath).
    In addition, Delbna regions were noted in the province of Connacht, one of those noted as Delbna of the Two Lakes near the River Shannon (see Connacht).

    An early Delbna bEthra lineage:
    Máel Domnaich m. Anbítha m. Dub Thíre m. Cuangusa m. Dotchada m. Guasachtaich m. Máel Ruain m. Dadaill m. Sinill m. Lorcáin m. Dalláin m. Trechuirne m. Tréin m. Sige m. Andiled m. Beccáin m. Delbaíth m. Tháil m. Conaill Echluaith m. Lugdach Mind.

    An early Delbna Mor lineage:
    Gormucán m. Anfída m. Máel Míchíl m. Cochláin m. Coimded m. Donngusa m. Clothchon m. Comgaill m. Sáráin m. Brócáin m. Comgaill m. Blait m. Sige m. Aindiled m. Beccáin m. Delbáeth m. Tháil m. Conaill Echluaith m. Lugdach Mind.

    The annals cite for Delbna:
  • For 751, The shipwreck of the Dealbhna Nuadhat on Loch Ribh, with their lord, Diumasach.
  • For 751, The battle of Bealach Cro was gained by Crimhthann over the Dealbhna of Uí Maine, in which was slain Finn, son of Arbh, Lord of Dealbhna, at Tibra Finn, and the Dealbhna were slaughtered about him. From this are named Lochan Bealaigh Cro, and Tibra Finn. The Uí Maine were contending with them for the cantred between the Suca (the River Suck) and the Sinainn (the River Shannon), for this was called the cantred of Dealbhna [Nuadhat ].
  • For 827, Cearbhall, son of Finnachta, lord of Dealbhna Beathra, died.
  • For 839, The plundering of Feara Ceall and Dealbhna Eathra by Niall Caille.
  • For 842, Cinaedh, son of Conra, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, was slain by the Dealbhna.
  • For 890, Scolaighe, son of Macan, lord of Dealbhna Eathra, was slain
  • For 1002, Mael Muadh mac Duibgilla, rí Delbna Bethra, died.
  • For 1134, Aedh mac Maic Lochlainn h-Úi Chochlain rí Delbna Eathra, died.
  • For 1134, Aodh mac meic Lochlainn Mécc Cochlain, tigherna Dealbhna Eathra, died.
  • For 1142, Mac Meic Con Roí, tigherna Dealbhna Thire Dá Locha, do mharbhadh.
  • For 1144, Cerball h-Úa Findallan, rí Delbna Móire, died.
  • For 1160, Murchadh Ua Findolláin, tigherna Dealbhna Móire
  • For 1168, Murchadh Ua Findalláin, tigherna Dealbhna Móiri, was slain by Diarmaid mac Donnchadha Uí Maoil Seachlainn.
  • For 1174, Kellagh O'Finnallan, Lord of Delvin-More.


    Cianachta Breagh and Fir Arda Cianachta
    The annals record for 226, Cormac mac Art, king of Ireland, defeated the Ulster forces under Fearghus Duibhdeadach with the assistance of Tadg (or Teige), son of Cian. For this service the king bestowed on Tadg a large territory in Magh Breagh which extended from the Liffey (in Dublin) northwards to Drumskin in Co. Louth. Tadg's descendants were called Cianachta, "the race of Cian", from his father and the territory was afterwards known by this name. The sons of Tadgc mac Céin (of the 3rd century) were Condla (a quo Ciannacht) and Cormac Gaileng (a quo Sil Cormaic Gaileng). The ancient territory of Fir Ard Cianachta in modern co. Louth became known as the barony of Ferrard.

    Early Ciannachta genealogy
    Murchertach m. Taidg m. Con Duib m. Máel Fábaill m. Indéirge m. Máel Temin m. Daithgiusa m. Lachtnáin m. Fuluda m. Concellaich m. Lúth Lethshéta m. Crecháin m. Dubáin Cianachta m. Find m. Findcháin m. Féicc m. Findchada m. Imchada m. Condlai m. Taidgg m. Céin m. Ailella Auluimb.

    Early Genealogy of Sil Cormaic Gaileng - Clothna m. Colggan m. Móenaich m. Crunnmáel m. Báetáin m. Báeth m. Findich m. Gossa m. Tálgluind m. Brócáin m. Cormaicc m. Taidgc m. Céin m. Ailella Auluimb.

    The annals cite for the Cianachta of the Brega area:
  • For 528, The battle of Luachair in Breagh, by Tuathal Maelgarbh, against the Cianachta of Meath.
  • For 590, The battle of Eadan Mor (in Breagh) was gained by Fiachna, son of Baedan, son of Cairell, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, over Gerthidhe, son of Ronan, Lord of Cianachta.
  • For 593, Gerthidhe mac Ronain rí Cianachta.
  • For 660, Ulltan, son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta, was slain. Ceannfaeladh, son of Geirtidi, chief of Cianachta Arda, was slain. Maelfuataigh, son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta, was slain.
  • For 686, Dubh da Inbher, chief of Ard Cianachta, was slain at the battle of Imleach Phich.
  • For 732, Aenghus, son of Ailell, Lord of Ard Cianachta, died.
  • For 744, The battle of Ard Cianachta by Dungal, son of Amhalgaidh, in which was slain Ailill, son of Dubhdachrich Ua Cinnfaelaidh, and in which was slain Domhnall, son of Cinaedh, in the heat of the conflict, after he had, at the first, gained the victory.
  • For 765, The battle of Ath Cliath, by the Cianachta Breagh, against Uí Tegh, and numbers of the Cianachta were drowned in the full tide on their returning.
  • For 774, Muireadhach, son of Aenghus, chief of Ard Cianachta (Ferrard), was slain.
  • For 781, Ceallach, son of Maenach, and Ceallach, son of Cormac, chief of Ard Cianachta (Ferrard), died.
  • For 810, A battle between the men of South Breagh and the Cianachta, in which many of the Cianachta were slain.
  • For 812, Dunghal, lord of Ard Cianachta, died.
  • For 820/22, Cumascach, son of Tuathal, lord of Ard Cianachta, was slain by Murchadh, son of Maelduin.
  • For 820, A victory was gained over the men of Ard Cianachta, in the battle of Carn Conain, by Comascach, son of Conghalach, wherein was slain Eodhos, son of Tighearnach, and many others along with him.
  • For 828, Cinaedha m. Cumuscaigh, ri Ardde Ciannachtae.
  • For 848, Cinaedh, son of Conaing, lord of Cianachta Breagh, rebelled against Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh. Cinaedh was drowned the following year.
  • For 850, A slaughter was made of the foreigners in the east of Breagh; and another slaughter was made of them at Rath Aldain, by the Cianachta, in one month.
  • For 853/55, Muireadhach, lord of Ard Cianachta, died.
  • For 867, Cinaedh, son of Maelruanaidh, the second lord that was at that time over the Cianachta, was slain.
  • For 879, Oengus mac Cinaedha, dux Fer n-Arda Ciannachta, died.
  • For 891, Cumascach, son of Muireadhach, lord of Feara Arda Cianachta, was slain by the Ulidians.


    Fir Chul Breg and Fir Chul Tethba
    In or near Tethba (approx. Co. Longford) the sept sof Sil Ronain were noted as chiefs of Fir Chul. The Fir Chul Tethba are noted around the barony of Rathconrath in Co. Westmeath, while the territory of Fir Chul Brega is cited near the barony of Upper Kells in Co. Meath just north of Luigne. In the Yellow Book of Lecan the Fir Chul are cited with an affiliation to the tribe (or territory) of the Luigne.

    The annals cite for the Fir Chul:
  • For 693, Aedh, son of Dluthach, son of Ailill, son of Aedh Slaine, chief of Feara Cul.
  • For 695, Aed mac Dluthaigh, rí Fear Cul.
  • For 738, Dungal, son of Flann, Lord of Feara Cul was slain.
  • For 781, Fiachra, son of Cathal, chief of Feara Cul, was slain.
  • For 805, Cathal, son of Fiachra, lord of Rath Airthir and Feara Cul, died.
  • For 817, Conghalach, son of Fearghal, lord of Feara Cul, died.
  • For 836, Maelduin, son of Seachnasach, lord of Feara Cul, died.
  • For 874, Cathal, son of Cearnach, lord of Feara Cul, died.
  • For 890, Ruadhachan, son of Cathan, lord of Feara Cul, and Innreachtach, son of Maelduin, lord of Caille Follamhain, were slain in Ossory, in the army of Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, and of the son of Imhar.
  • For 948 , Ruarc, mac Anfith ui Laoghachán, tighearna Fear Cúl Teathbha, died.
  • For 960, Cheallach, mac Ruairc, tighearna Fear Cúl .i. tighearna Síl Ronáin.
  • For 1002, Trotan, mac Builcc Argait, (Tortan mac Builg Argait), mic Maoil Dora, tigherna Fer Cúl.
  • For 1003, Madadhan, mac Aenghusa, toiseach Gaileng m-Becc, & Fer c-Cúl was slain.
  • For 1039, Mac Ruisse, king of Ceneoil Fiachrach, was slain by the king of Fer Cul.


    Deisi Brega
    Cited in the annals for the year 265 AD is mention of the expulsion of the Deisi from the territory of Brega, by Cormac macAirt, grandson of Conn of the Hundred Battles. This was caused by an act against King Cormac by a son of Fiacha Suighdhe, son of Feidhlimidh the Lawgiver. Fiachna is claimed to be the common ancestor of the Deisi in the Brega (Meath and northern Dublin counties) and Muman (Munster) areas of ancient Ireland. Although some of the noble families of the Deisi settled in the Waterford region of Muman, the Deisi of Brega (or Breagh) were still noted in later centuries.

    The annals cite for the Deisi Brega:
  • For 726, The mortal wounding of Doedhghus, son of Baeth, chief of the Deisi.
  • For 753, Niallgus, son of Boeth, lord of Deisi Breagh, died.
  • For 765, The battle of Bolg Boinne against the men of South Breagh, in which were slain Flaithbheartach, son of Flann, son of Roghallach; Uairchridhe, son of Baeth; Snedhgus, son of Ainsteach; and Cearnach, son of Flann Foirbhthe.


    Other Territories

    Fir Tulach - A leading sept of Fir Tulach included Ua Dubhlaoich (O'Dooley).
    The annals cite:
  • For 978, Cú Dúilich, dá mhac Dubhlaich, dá tigherna Fear Tulach.
  • For 1021, Cu Chaille úa Dublaich, rí Fer Tulach.
  • For 1040, h-Úa Dublaich ri Fer Tulach, was slain.
  • For 1144, Ua n-Dublaich, tigherna Fer Tulach

    Uí Maic Uais - 12th century septs included Ua hAonghusa (O'Hennessy) of Uí Mac Uais Breagh and Ua Comhraidhe (O'Curry) of Uí Mac Uais Mide. For further information see Úi Meic Uais.

    Conmaicne - About the 6th century, the Conmaicne territories in mid-Ireland were said to include that of the Upper Conmaicne (part of Co. Longford) and that of the Lower Conmaicne (lower Co. Leitrim). The overlords in much of Upper Conmaicne came to be the Ui Cairpre Gabhra, while the overlords of the Lower Conmaicne came to be the Ui Briuin Breifne. In medieval times the general area around Upper Conmaicne came to be called Teffia (Tethba) and Annaly. By the 12th century noted septs with affiliation to Conmaicne territories were the Mac Ruaircs (Mac Rourke) of Teallach-Conmasa (Moycashel, co. Westmeath), and the Ua Braoins (O'Breen) of Conmaicne (Clonlonan barony area of Westmeath).

    Breaghmhaine - Ua Braoin (O'Breen) [Uí Domnaill] of Bregmaine Mide
    The annals cite:
  • For 822, Finnagan, son of Cosgrach, lord of Breaghmhaine, died.
  • For 1040, Echtigherna, mac Brain, tigherna Breghmhaine, died.
  • For 1148, Sitriog Ua Braonáin, tigherna Breghmaine, was slain.
    An early genealogy of Ua Braoin:
    Echtigern mac Sitriuga m. Floind m. Echtigernd m. Brain m. Ruairc m. Flandcadha m. Domnaill m. Crimthaind m. Brenaind m. Briain m. Maine m. Neill Naoigiallaigh.

    Fir Bile - Ua hAinbheith (O'Hanfey) of Fir Bile
    The annals cite:
  • For 1095, Cú Coiccriche Ua h-Ainbhidh, tigherna Fer m-Bile, was slain by Donnchadh Ua Maoilsechloind.

    Saithne - Ua Caitheasaigh (O' Casey) of Saithne Brega.
    The annals cite:
  • For 1018, Oissene ua Cathassaigh, tigherna Saithne.
  • For 1023, Ainbhith ua Cathasaigh, toiseach na Saitne, was slain.
  • For 1160, Diarmuid O Cathusaigh, rí Saidne.
  • For 1086, Maol Chiaráin Ua Cathasaigh, tigherna na Saithne.
  • For 1144, Flaithbhertach Ua Cathasaigh tigherna na Saithne
  • For 1153, Domhnall Ua Cathasaigh, tigherna na Saithne, was slain.
  • For 1160, Flaitbertach Ua Cathusaigh tigherna Saithne, died.

    Luigne - Ua Braoin (O'Breen) and Ua Cernachain (O'Kernaghan) of Luigni Mide
    The annals cite:
  • For 896, Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, son of Maelseachnaill, was killed (i.e. he was burned in a house set on fire), by the Luighne, i.e. by the sons of Cearnachan, son of Tadhg, and by the son of Lorcan, son of Cathal, lord of Meath.
  • For 984, Diarmaid, mac Uathmharáin, tighearna Luighne, died.
  • For 1156, Cearnachán Ua Brain, tigherna Luighne, died.

    Gailenga - Septs included Ua Leochain (O'Loughan) of Gailenga Mora (Morgallion barony, Meath), as well as Ua hAonghusa (O'Hennessy) of Gailenga Becc (Co. Dublin/Meath border). Also see Breifne. Another tribe of the Gaileng was located in Co. Mayo/Sligo (see Connacht).
    The annals cite:
  • For 1003, Madadhan, mac Aenghusa, toiseach Gaileng m-Becc, & Fer c-Cúl was slain.
  • For 1005, Cathal, mac Dunchadha, tigherna Gaileng Mór, was slain.
  • For 1017, Maolán, mac Eccnígh uí Leochain, tigherna Gaileng & Tuath Luicchne (Luigne) uile, do mharbhadh dona Saithnibh.
  • For 1018, Ailéni mac Oissene, tigherna Mughdorn, & Oissene ua Cathassaigh, tigherna Saithne, do mharbhadh lá Gaileangaibh.
  • For 1037, Laidhgnén h-Ua Leocáin, tigherna Gaileng.
  • For 1051, Laidcenn mac Maolain h-Uí Leocáin, tigherna Gaileng.
  • For 1053, Conghalach, mac Senáin, tighearna Gaileng.
  • For 1130, Amhlaoibh, mac Mic Senain, tigherna Gaileng.
  • For 1144, Mac Mic Maoláin, tigherna Gaileang Breagh, was slain.

    Muintir Maoil Sionna (west co. Westmeath & south co. Longford)
    The annals cite:
  • For 1183, Gilla Ultain Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, and five others were slain by the sons of the Sinnach (the Fox) O'Caharny.
  • For 1192, The English were defeated at the weir of Aughera, by Muintir Maoil-t-Sinna.
  • For 1206, Murtough Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, died.
  • For 1215, Gillacutry Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-sionna, died.

    Crich na Cetach - Ua Follamhain (O'Fallon) of Crioch na Cetach (Upper Moyfenrath barony, Meath).
    The annals cite:
  • For 1124, Lochlainn Ua Follamhain, tigherna Criche na g-Cedach, & a mhac do mharbhadh la mac a dherbhrathar.
  • For 1142, Mathghamain, mac Floinn Ui Fhollamain, tigherna Críche na c-Cédach.


    Further Mide Reference: Mide & Brega * Dynasties

    Further Province Reference: Index * Connacht * Leinster * Mide * Munster * Ulster


    Further Reference at this site:
    Ireland History in Maps - Home Page
    Old Irish Surnames
    Kingdoms and Clans


    Further External Reference:
    The Genealogies of the Sil Maine



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