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           O'Ferrall's Linea Antiqua

     90.  Nial Naoighiallach, youngest and only son of Eochaidh  by the

     second wife, as aforesaid, succeeded Criomthainn and was the

     126th monarch ofIreland.  Was a stout, wise and warlike prince

     and fortunate in all his conquests and achievements and

     therefore called great;  He was also called Niall

     Naoighiallach, i.e., Nial of the Nine Hostages, from the

     hostages taken from the nine several counties by him subdued

     and made tributary, viz., Munster, Leinster, Connacht, Ulster,

     the Britons, the Picts, the Saxons and the Morini, a people of

     Gaul towards Calais and Picardy;  From whence he marched with

     his victorious army of Irish Scots, Picts and Britons further

     into Gaul in order to the conquest thereof;  and encamping at

     the River Loire, was treacherously slain as he sat by the

     riverside by Eochaidh, King of Leinster, in revenge of a

     former wrong by him received from the said Niall,A.D. 405. 

     And in the 27th year of his reign St. Patrick was first

     brought into Ireland at the age of 16 years, amoung 200

     children brought by the armyout of Little Brittany, called

     Armorica, in Gaul.  He was the first that gave the name of

     Scotia Minor to Scotland and ordained it to be called so ever

     after, till then (and still by the Irish) called Albion.


91.  Eoghan or Owen, one of the sons of the said Nial Mor,  from

     whom the territory of Inis-Eoghan in Ulster was called, had

     eleven brothers, viz, Laoguire, the 128th Monarch of Ireland; 

     in the 4th year of whose reign St.Patrick came into Ireland

     the second time to plant the Christian faith, A.D.432.  2) 

     Conal Cremthainn, ancestor the the O'Melaghlin kings of Meath; 

     3)  Conal Gulban, ancestor to the O'Donnells, Lords and Earls

     of the territory of Tirconnell in Ulster, so called from him; 

     4)  Fiachu, from whom the from Birr to the Hill of Uisneach in

     Medio Hibernica (Meath) is called; Cinel Fiacha and from him

     MacGeoghegan, Lords of that territory;  O'Molloey, O'Donechar,

     etc., derive their pedigree;  5)  Maine, whose patrimony was

     all the tract of land from Loch Ree to Loch Annin, near

     Molingar, and whose descendants are Muinter Tagan, that is,

     Sionnach, now called Fox, Lords of that territory of Muinter

     Tagan;  MacGawley of Cabry, O'Dugan and O'Mulchoney,the prime

     antiquaries of Ireland;  6)  Cairbre, ancestor of O'Flannagan

     of Tuath-Ratha, Muinter Cathalan or Cahill;  7)  Fergus, a quo

     Cinel Fergusa; 8)  Enna  9)  Aongus  10)  Aulthearg and 11) 

     Fergus Ailtleathan.  Of the last four I find no issue;  of the

     rest of them and their issue more in due place.


92.  Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, had nine brothers, viz.,   1) 

     Ailill  2)  Fergus  3)  Felim  4)  Eochaidh Binneach  5) 

     Cormac  6)  Aongus  7)  Dallan  8)  Iallaun and 9)  Dechin; 

     of which Fergus, ancestor to O'Conor of Magh-Ith;  Eochaidh

     Binneach, a quo Cinel Binne in Scotland;  and Felim, a quo O

     Dibhdiorma, more of which hereafter.  The said Muireadach had

     many sons, but two especially by his married wife, Earca,

     daughter of Loarn, King of the Dal Riata in Scotland,

     Muirchertach Mor and Fergus Mor, both called Mac Earca, or the

     sons of Earca, their mother. Whether anymore of thesons was by

     the said Earca is not set down. 


93.  Muirchertach Mac Earca, eldest son of Muireadhach,  foresaid,

     the 131st Monarch of Ireland, reigned 24 years and died

     naturally in his bed, which was rare amoung the Irish monarchs

     in those days, says Keating, but others contradict him and  

     say he was burnt in a house after being drowned in wine

     (perhaps meaning he was drunk) on all-holantide Eve, A.D. 527. 

     It was in the 20th year of his predacessor's reign that his

     brother Fergus Mor, with five more of his brothers, viz.,

     Fergus Mor, two more named Loarn and two named Aongus, with a

     complete army went into Scotland to assist his grandfather

     King Loarn, much afflicted by his enemies the Picts;  who in

     several battles and engagements, were vanquished and overcome

     by Fergus and his party;  who prosecuted the war so vigorously

     and followed the enemy to their own homes and reduced them to

     such extremity that they were glad to accept peace upon the

     conquerer's own conditions;  whereupon the king's death, which

     happened about the same time, the said Fergus was unanimously

     elected or chosen as king, as being of the blood royal, by his

     mother;  and the said Fergus, for a good and lucky omen, sent

     to his brother, then monarch of Ireland, for the marble chair

     called Liath-Fail or Cloch-na-cinnemhna, the latter importing

     in English "stone of destiny or fortune," to be crowned

     thereon;  which fell out accordingly, for as he was the first

     absolute king of all Scotland of the Milesian race, so the

     succession contined in his blood and lineage ever since to

     this day as is partly hinted before and more fully shall

     appear in due place;  this Muirchertach had four other

     brothers besides the six already named, viz., Forrach,

     ancestor to Mac Tathmaol Tigernach, a quo O Cunigan or

     Cunningham;  Mongan, a quo O Croidhen and O Dunely;  Dalagh,

     a quo O Daly and Moan or Maine. 


          Note: this is incorrect.  The  

          Fergus Mor who settled in Scotland was  

          not the brother of Muirchertach Mac   

          Earca.  See pedigree of the Kings of   

          Dal Riada.  This error (also in  

          Keating's History) apparantly arose   

          because of confusion between Earca, the   

          mother of Muirchertach Mac Earca and   

          Eirc or Erc, the father of the Fergus   

          Mor who settled in Scotland, by legend   

          accompanied by his brothers Loarn and   

          Aongus.  Earca, the mother of   

          Muirchertach, was the daughter of   

          Loarn, brother of this Fergus Mor, son   

          of Erc, King of the Dal Riada in   




94. Domhnall Ilchealgach, i.e., the deceitful, son of 

     Muirchertach, the 134th Monarch of Ireland, reigned jointly

     with his brother Fergus, 3 years, and died of the plague, both

     in one day, A.D. 561.  They had three other brothers, Boadan,

     the 137th Monarch of Ireland, Niall and Scanlan. 


95.  Aodh Uaridhrach, his son, the 143rd Monarch of  Ireland, 7

     years, slain in the battle of Atha-da-facla, A.D. 607.  He had

     an older brother Eochu who was the 136th Monarch of Ireland

     and was slain by Cronan, King of Connacht, A.D. 563. 


95.  Maolfrithich, his son 


96.  Maoldoon, his son. Had a brother Maoltuide, a quo            



97.  Fergal Mac Maolduin, his son, the 156th Monarch of  Ireland,

     10 years, slain in the battle of Allon by Moroch, King of

     Leinster, A.D. 718.  He had a brother Adain, a quo the Dalyes

     of Leath-Cuinn. 


98.  Niall Frasach, i.e., of the showers, so called from  three

     wonderful showers that fell in his time in three different

     places in Ireland.  The first, a shower of honey, in Fathan-

     beg; the second, a shower of silver in Fathan-Mor;  the third,

     a shower of blood in Magh-laghen.  So says Keating, wherein

     other authors differ, who say the first shower was of silver,

     the second of honey and the third of wheat, and describe the

     miraculous occasion of the said showers as followeth:  In that

     monarch's reign there was an extraordinary famine throughout

     all the kingdom and the king being one night at supper, with

     seven revered Bishops in his company, all the lights in the

     room accidentally expired and when new lights were brought the

     king perceived the table and dishes all bloody;  and inquiring

     the cause thereof the Bishops ingeniously confessed that they

     being very hungry while they were in the dark, cut one another

     shouting who should have most of the meat, either to satisfy

     their present hunger or to put up and reserve for another

     time.  Whereat the king, a just, pious and religious Prince,

     was moved with pity, considering what a sad condition the

     generality of the nation was in seeing the Rev. Prelates

     reduced to that extremity.  Whereupon he immediately made a

     vow never to eat more until God in his infinite mercy were

     graciously pleased to deliver the people in their great

     distress.  And thereupon desired the Prelates to join with him

     in fasting and prayer that the Lord would mercifully withdraw

     his wrath from the nation.  And to that end they all went to

     the King's oratory, where they continued 24 hours.  A

     messenger came to the King to tell him of a great shower of

     silver which had fallen in the fields of Fathan-beg;  which,

     when the King heard he bemoaned that silver was of no avail to

     the poor people when victuals could not be had for it;  and

     entreated the Bishops to continue their devotions, which,

     having done 24 hours more, news came to the King of a great

     shower of honey that dropped in the fields of Fathan-mor. 

     Whereat the King bemoaned the second time saying that honey

     was of little avail as silver in regard that if the people in

     their hungry, starving condition did eat thereof they would

     swell up and die.  And thereupon renewed their earnest

     supplications which they contined 24 hours longer.  At the end

     thereof the King had notice that God was pleased to shower

     down a vast quantity of wheat in the fields of Magh-laighen,

     which the King ordered to be gathered up and distributed

     amoung the people of the whole nation and thereby relieved

     them from the famine.  And the King in thankful acknowledgment

     of God's great mercy and favor wooed at that time,

     immediately, after his reign of 7 years, laid down his crown

     and kingdom to his next successor and retired into Scotland

     and exchanged his royal diadem and robes for a monk's cowle

     and habit in St. Columba's Monastery of Iona, A.D. 765;  where

     he spent 8 years wholly devoting himself to works of piety and

     Christian repentence, being a great penitent, and dying a holy

     saint, A.D. 773.  He was the 162nd Monarch of Ireland and had

     three brothers, Conor, ancestor of O'Cahan;  Hugh Allan, a quo

     O'Brain and Colea, a quo Clan Colean. 


99.  Aodh Oirnidhe, son of Niall Frasach, the 164th  Monarch of  

     Ireland, after 25 years' reign, was slain in the battle of  

     Fearta, A.D. 817.  Others say he died a great penitent at a 

     place called Athada-Fearta.  He had four brothers, Colman, a

     quo Clan  Colman; Fearchar, from whom are Clan Fearchar;    

     Cuana, a quo Muitnir Clunbro and Muirchertach, a quo Clan   

     Muriarty of Loch-Eanach.  In his reign such prodigeous      

     thunder and lightening happened that killed many men, women

     and children over all the kingdom and particularly in a nook

     of the country between Coreavaghan and the sea in Munster.

     1010 persons were destroyed thereby and many other prodigies,

     the forerunner of the Danish invasion which soon after



100. Niall Caille, so called after his death from the River

     Caillen, where he was drowned  after 13 years' reign, A.D.

     844, the 166th  Monarch of Ireland.  He fought many battles  

     with the Danes and Norwegians, in most of which, although the

     Danes were wasted, yet continual supplies pouring into them

     made them very formidable.  For this reason they   and

     fortified Dublin and other strong places upon the sea banks.

     He had three brothers, Mailduin, a quo Siol Muldoon; 

     Fogartach, quo Muintir Con-sidhe, or King;  and Blathmac of



101. Aodh Finnlaith, i.e., hoary, son of Niall Caille, the 168th

     Monarch of Ireland, 16 years, in which time he fought and

     defeated the Danes in several battles and was worsted in

     others and died at Deom-Enesclaun, A.D.876. He had four

     brothers, Dubhiontagh (O'Dubhionnachta);  Aongus,a quo

     Clanongusa;  Flahertach, a quo O'Hualby and Brian Oge, a quo

     Clan Braoin of Magh-Ith. He married Maoilmuire, or Mary,

     daughter of Kenneth, son of Alpin, both kings of Scotland, by

     whom he had issue. 


102. Niall Glundubh, i.e., black-knee, the 170th  Monarch of

I    reland, for three years, had many conflicts with the Danes,

     wherein most commonly he had the better, at last making up a

     great army in order to besiege Dublin.  A battle was fought

     between them wherein the Monarch lost his life, and  after a

     great slaughter on both sides, his army routed, A.D. 917. 

     From him the surname  O'Neill or Clanna Neill took beginning.

     He  had a brother Domnall, King of Aileach,  ancestor to the

     familly of MacLochlin, some  of whom were monarchs of Ireland. 


         Note: this is incorrect. The McLaughlins 

         properly descend from Niall Glundubh        

         rather than from his  brother, Domnall.  



103.  Muirchertach na ccochall ceraiciann, i.e., of the  leather

     cloaks; had two brothers, Conell and Maoilciaran but no issue

     from either that we find. 


104.Domnall of Ardmacha, the 173rd Monarch of Ireland,  after 24

     years' reign, died  at Ardmacha, A.D. 978.  During his long

     reign we find but little progress by him made against the

     invading Danes, but wholely bent his arms against his

     subjects, preying, burning and slaughtering the Connacians,

     whether deservedly or not, I know not.  But know it was no

     seasonable time for them to fall foul upon one and other while

     their common enemy was victoriously triumphing over them both. 


105.  Muirdaigh, the son of Domnall of Armagh;;  had a  younger

     brother Muirchertach, from whom descend the O'Neills, in later

     centuries Princes of Tyrone and Lords of Clanaboy. 


106.  Lochlan, the son of Muirdaigh.  Of Lochlan, little  is known,

     except that by legend he was the son of a Viking Princess,

     hence his name (Lochlan, i.e., Land of the Norsemen) 


107.  Ardgar MacLochlainn, son of Lochlan.  Ardgar, the  King of

     Aileach, died A.D. 1064.  Was the first to assume the surname

     MacLochlainn (McLaughlin). 


108.  Domnall MacLochlainn, the King of Aileach and the  179th

     Monarch of Ireland, reigned jointly with Muirchertach O'Brien,

     the Kingof Munster, and alone, both before and after  him, 35

     years, most of which time was spent in bloody wars and

     devastations between these two competitors, until at length

     they agreed to the old division of Leath Mugha (the south) and

     Leath Cuinn (the north) between them;  and both ended their

     days penitently, Muirchertach a monk at Lismore, A.D. 1119 and

     Domnall in the Monastery of Columcille at Derry, now

     Londonderry, A.D. 1121. 


109.  Niall MacLochlainn, son of Domnall.  The King of  Aileach; 

     had a brother, Conor.  Died A.D. 1119;  28 years old. 


110.  Muirchertach MacLochlainn, his son, the King of  Aileach and

     the 182nd and last save one Monarch of Ireland of the Milesian

     Irish.  A warlike, victorious and fortunate Prince, brought

     all the provinces of Ireland under his subjugation, forced

     hostages from them and after 10 years' absolute reign, was by

     Donoch O'Carroll, King of Oirgialla or Oriell , slain in

     battle, A.D. 1166. 


110.  Domnall MacLochlainn, his son.  King of Aileach and  the Lord

     of the Cinel Eoghainn (Clann Owen);  Slain at the battle of

     Caim Eirge in 1241 in presentday Londonderry Co. by the

     combined forces of the O'Neills, his kinsmen, and the

     O'Donnells.  After which the O'Neills gained the supremacy of

     the north of Ireland and  never again were challenged by the


        Kings of the Dal Riada of

        Ireland and Scotland

        According to Irish legend, the three sons of Earc mac Eochaidh 

     Muinreamhar, named Fergus Mor, Loarn and Aongus, settled in Scotland

     circa 505 A.D., where they established a colony of the Irish Dal Riada

     in Argyle.  A later descendant of Fergus Mor named Cinaeda (Kenneth)

     Mac Alpin is said to have united the kingdoms of the Picts and Scots

    (Dal Riada) in Scotland.  Cinaeda Mac Alpin's daughter, Maoilmuire,

     married Aodh Finnlaith of the Cinel Eoghainn in Ireland, from whom

     descended the McLaughlins, O'Neills, MacSweeneys, Maclachlans and other

     related septs in Ireland and Scotland. Most of the clans of Scotland

     claim descent from either Fergus Mor, Loarn or Aongus.