O'Ferrall's Linea Antiqua 90. Nial Naoighiallach, youngest and only son of Eochaidh by the second wife, as aforesaid, succeeded Criomthainn and was the 126th monarch ofIreland. Was a stout, wise and warlike prince and fortunate in all his conquests and achievements and therefore called great; He was also called Niall Naoighiallach, i.e., Nial of the Nine Hostages, from the hostages taken from the nine several counties by him subdued and made tributary, viz., Munster, Leinster, Connacht, Ulster, the Britons, the Picts, the Saxons and the Morini, a people of Gaul towards Calais and Picardy; From whence he marched with his victorious army of Irish Scots, Picts and Britons further into Gaul in order to the conquest thereof; and encamping at the River Loire, was treacherously slain as he sat by the riverside by Eochaidh, King of Leinster, in revenge of a former wrong by him received from the said Niall,A.D. 405. And in the 27th year of his reign St. Patrick was first brought into Ireland at the age of 16 years, amoung 200 children brought by the armyout of Little Brittany, called Armorica, in Gaul. He was the first that gave the name of Scotia Minor to Scotland and ordained it to be called so ever after, till then (and still by the Irish) called Albion. 91. Eoghan or Owen, one of the sons of the said Nial Mor, from whom the territory of Inis-Eoghan in Ulster was called, had eleven brothers, viz, Laoguire, the 128th Monarch of Ireland; in the 4th year of whose reign St.Patrick came into Ireland the second time to plant the Christian faith, A.D.432. 2) Conal Cremthainn, ancestor the the O'Melaghlin kings of Meath; 3) Conal Gulban, ancestor to the O'Donnells, Lords and Earls of the territory of Tirconnell in Ulster, so called from him; 4) Fiachu, from whom the from Birr to the Hill of Uisneach in Medio Hibernica (Meath) is called; Cinel Fiacha and from him MacGeoghegan, Lords of that territory; O'Molloey, O'Donechar, etc., derive their pedigree; 5) Maine, whose patrimony was all the tract of land from Loch Ree to Loch Annin, near Molingar, and whose descendants are Muinter Tagan, that is, Sionnach, now called Fox, Lords of that territory of Muinter Tagan; MacGawley of Cabry, O'Dugan and O'Mulchoney,the prime antiquaries of Ireland; 6) Cairbre, ancestor of O'Flannagan of Tuath-Ratha, Muinter Cathalan or Cahill; 7) Fergus, a quo Cinel Fergusa; 8) Enna 9) Aongus 10) Aulthearg and 11) Fergus Ailtleathan. Of the last four I find no issue; of the rest of them and their issue more in due place. 92. Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, had nine brothers, viz., 1) Ailill 2) Fergus 3) Felim 4) Eochaidh Binneach 5) Cormac 6) Aongus 7) Dallan 8) Iallaun and 9) Dechin; of which Fergus, ancestor to O'Conor of Magh-Ith; Eochaidh Binneach, a quo Cinel Binne in Scotland; and Felim, a quo O Dibhdiorma, more of which hereafter. The said Muireadach had many sons, but two especially by his married wife, Earca, daughter of Loarn, King of the Dal Riata in Scotland, Muirchertach Mor and Fergus Mor, both called Mac Earca, or the sons of Earca, their mother. Whether anymore of thesons was by the said Earca is not set down. 93. Muirchertach Mac Earca, eldest son of Muireadhach, foresaid, the 131st Monarch of Ireland, reigned 24 years and died naturally in his bed, which was rare amoung the Irish monarchs in those days, says Keating, but others contradict him and say he was burnt in a house after being drowned in wine (perhaps meaning he was drunk) on all-holantide Eve, A.D. 527. It was in the 20th year of his predacessor's reign that his brother Fergus Mor, with five more of his brothers, viz., Fergus Mor, two more named Loarn and two named Aongus, with a complete army went into Scotland to assist his grandfather King Loarn, much afflicted by his enemies the Picts; who in several battles and engagements, were vanquished and overcome by Fergus and his party; who prosecuted the war so vigorously and followed the enemy to their own homes and reduced them to such extremity that they were glad to accept peace upon the conquerer's own conditions; whereupon the king's death, which happened about the same time, the said Fergus was unanimously elected or chosen as king, as being of the blood royal, by his mother; and the said Fergus, for a good and lucky omen, sent to his brother, then monarch of Ireland, for the marble chair called Liath-Fail or Cloch-na-cinnemhna, the latter importing in English "stone of destiny or fortune," to be crowned thereon; which fell out accordingly, for as he was the first absolute king of all Scotland of the Milesian race, so the succession contined in his blood and lineage ever since to this day as is partly hinted before and more fully shall appear in due place; this Muirchertach had four other brothers besides the six already named, viz., Forrach, ancestor to Mac Tathmaol Tigernach, a quo O Cunigan or Cunningham; Mongan, a quo O Croidhen and O Dunely; Dalagh, a quo O Daly and Moan or Maine. Note: this is incorrect. The Fergus Mor who settled in Scotland was not the brother of Muirchertach Mac Earca. See pedigree of the Kings of Dal Riada. This error (also in Keating's History) apparantly arose because of confusion between Earca, the mother of Muirchertach Mac Earca and Eirc or Erc, the father of the Fergus Mor who settled in Scotland, by legend accompanied by his brothers Loarn and Aongus. Earca, the mother of Muirchertach, was the daughter of Loarn, brother of this Fergus Mor, son of Erc, King of the Dal Riada in Ireland. 94. Domhnall Ilchealgach, i.e., the deceitful, son of Muirchertach, the 134th Monarch of Ireland, reigned jointly with his brother Fergus, 3 years, and died of the plague, both in one day, A.D. 561. They had three other brothers, Boadan, the 137th Monarch of Ireland, Niall and Scanlan. 95. Aodh Uaridhrach, his son, the 143rd Monarch of Ireland, 7 years, slain in the battle of Atha-da-facla, A.D. 607. He had an older brother Eochu who was the 136th Monarch of Ireland and was slain by Cronan, King of Connacht, A.D. 563. 95. Maolfrithich, his son 96. Maoldoon, his son. Had a brother Maoltuide, a quo O'Maoltuly. 97. Fergal Mac Maolduin, his son, the 156th Monarch of Ireland, 10 years, slain in the battle of Allon by Moroch, King of Leinster, A.D. 718. He had a brother Adain, a quo the Dalyes of Leath-Cuinn. 98. Niall Frasach, i.e., of the showers, so called from three wonderful showers that fell in his time in three different places in Ireland. The first, a shower of honey, in Fathan- beg; the second, a shower of silver in Fathan-Mor; the third, a shower of blood in Magh-laghen. So says Keating, wherein other authors differ, who say the first shower was of silver, the second of honey and the third of wheat, and describe the miraculous occasion of the said showers as followeth: In that monarch's reign there was an extraordinary famine throughout all the kingdom and the king being one night at supper, with seven revered Bishops in his company, all the lights in the room accidentally expired and when new lights were brought the king perceived the table and dishes all bloody; and inquiring the cause thereof the Bishops ingeniously confessed that they being very hungry while they were in the dark, cut one another shouting who should have most of the meat, either to satisfy their present hunger or to put up and reserve for another time. Whereat the king, a just, pious and religious Prince, was moved with pity, considering what a sad condition the generality of the nation was in seeing the Rev. Prelates reduced to that extremity. Whereupon he immediately made a vow never to eat more until God in his infinite mercy were graciously pleased to deliver the people in their great distress. And thereupon desired the Prelates to join with him in fasting and prayer that the Lord would mercifully withdraw his wrath from the nation. And to that end they all went to the King's oratory, where they continued 24 hours. A messenger came to the King to tell him of a great shower of silver which had fallen in the fields of Fathan-beg; which, when the King heard he bemoaned that silver was of no avail to the poor people when victuals could not be had for it; and entreated the Bishops to continue their devotions, which, having done 24 hours more, news came to the King of a great shower of honey that dropped in the fields of Fathan-mor. Whereat the King bemoaned the second time saying that honey was of little avail as silver in regard that if the people in their hungry, starving condition did eat thereof they would swell up and die. And thereupon renewed their earnest supplications which they contined 24 hours longer. At the end thereof the King had notice that God was pleased to shower down a vast quantity of wheat in the fields of Magh-laighen, which the King ordered to be gathered up and distributed amoung the people of the whole nation and thereby relieved them from the famine. And the King in thankful acknowledgment of God's great mercy and favor wooed at that time, immediately, after his reign of 7 years, laid down his crown and kingdom to his next successor and retired into Scotland and exchanged his royal diadem and robes for a monk's cowle and habit in St. Columba's Monastery of Iona, A.D. 765; where he spent 8 years wholly devoting himself to works of piety and Christian repentence, being a great penitent, and dying a holy saint, A.D. 773. He was the 162nd Monarch of Ireland and had three brothers, Conor, ancestor of O'Cahan; Hugh Allan, a quo O'Brain and Colea, a quo Clan Colean. 99. Aodh Oirnidhe, son of Niall Frasach, the 164th Monarch of Ireland, after 25 years' reign, was slain in the battle of Fearta, A.D. 817. Others say he died a great penitent at a place called Athada-Fearta. He had four brothers, Colman, a quo Clan Colman; Fearchar, from whom are Clan Fearchar; Cuana, a quo Muitnir Clunbro and Muirchertach, a quo Clan Muriarty of Loch-Eanach. In his reign such prodigeous thunder and lightening happened that killed many men, women and children over all the kingdom and particularly in a nook of the country between Coreavaghan and the sea in Munster. 1010 persons were destroyed thereby and many other prodigies, the forerunner of the Danish invasion which soon after followed. 100. Niall Caille, so called after his death from the River Caillen, where he was drowned after 13 years' reign, A.D. 844, the 166th Monarch of Ireland. He fought many battles with the Danes and Norwegians, in most of which, although the Danes were wasted, yet continual supplies pouring into them made them very formidable. For this reason they and fortified Dublin and other strong places upon the sea banks. He had three brothers, Mailduin, a quo Siol Muldoon; Fogartach, quo Muintir Con-sidhe, or King; and Blathmac of Dubheana. 101. Aodh Finnlaith, i.e., hoary, son of Niall Caille, the 168th Monarch of Ireland, 16 years, in which time he fought and defeated the Danes in several battles and was worsted in others and died at Deom-Enesclaun, A.D.876. He had four brothers, Dubhiontagh (O'Dubhionnachta); Aongus,a quo Clanongusa; Flahertach, a quo O'Hualby and Brian Oge, a quo Clan Braoin of Magh-Ith. He married Maoilmuire, or Mary, daughter of Kenneth, son of Alpin, both kings of Scotland, by whom he had issue. 102. Niall Glundubh, i.e., black-knee, the 170th Monarch of I reland, for three years, had many conflicts with the Danes, wherein most commonly he had the better, at last making up a great army in order to besiege Dublin. A battle was fought between them wherein the Monarch lost his life, and after a great slaughter on both sides, his army routed, A.D. 917. From him the surname O'Neill or Clanna Neill took beginning. He had a brother Domnall, King of Aileach, ancestor to the familly of MacLochlin, some of whom were monarchs of Ireland. Note: this is incorrect. The McLaughlins properly descend from Niall Glundubh rather than from his brother, Domnall. 103. Muirchertach na ccochall ceraiciann, i.e., of the leather cloaks; had two brothers, Conell and Maoilciaran but no issue from either that we find. 104.Domnall of Ardmacha, the 173rd Monarch of Ireland, after 24 years' reign, died at Ardmacha, A.D. 978. During his long reign we find but little progress by him made against the invading Danes, but wholely bent his arms against his subjects, preying, burning and slaughtering the Connacians, whether deservedly or not, I know not. But know it was no seasonable time for them to fall foul upon one and other while their common enemy was victoriously triumphing over them both. 105. Muirdaigh, the son of Domnall of Armagh;; had a younger brother Muirchertach, from whom descend the O'Neills, in later centuries Princes of Tyrone and Lords of Clanaboy. 106. Lochlan, the son of Muirdaigh. Of Lochlan, little is known, except that by legend he was the son of a Viking Princess, hence his name (Lochlan, i.e., Land of the Norsemen) 107. Ardgar MacLochlainn, son of Lochlan. Ardgar, the King of Aileach, died A.D. 1064. Was the first to assume the surname MacLochlainn (McLaughlin). 108. Domnall MacLochlainn, the King of Aileach and the 179th Monarch of Ireland, reigned jointly with Muirchertach O'Brien, the Kingof Munster, and alone, both before and after him, 35 years, most of which time was spent in bloody wars and devastations between these two competitors, until at length they agreed to the old division of Leath Mugha (the south) and Leath Cuinn (the north) between them; and both ended their days penitently, Muirchertach a monk at Lismore, A.D. 1119 and Domnall in the Monastery of Columcille at Derry, now Londonderry, A.D. 1121. 109. Niall MacLochlainn, son of Domnall. The King of Aileach; had a brother, Conor. Died A.D. 1119; 28 years old. 110. Muirchertach MacLochlainn, his son, the King of Aileach and the 182nd and last save one Monarch of Ireland of the Milesian Irish. A warlike, victorious and fortunate Prince, brought all the provinces of Ireland under his subjugation, forced hostages from them and after 10 years' absolute reign, was by Donoch O'Carroll, King of Oirgialla or Oriell , slain in battle, A.D. 1166. 110. Domnall MacLochlainn, his son. King of Aileach and the Lord of the Cinel Eoghainn (Clann Owen); Slain at the battle of Caim Eirge in 1241 in presentday Londonderry Co. by the combined forces of the O'Neills, his kinsmen, and the O'Donnells. After which the O'Neills gained the supremacy of the north of Ireland and never again were challenged by the McLaughlins.
Kings of the Dal Riada of Ireland and Scotland According to Irish legend, the three sons of Earc mac Eochaidh Muinreamhar, named Fergus Mor, Loarn and Aongus, settled in Scotland circa 505 A.D., where they established a colony of the Irish Dal Riada in Argyle. A later descendant of Fergus Mor named Cinaeda (Kenneth) Mac Alpin is said to have united the kingdoms of the Picts and Scots (Dal Riada) in Scotland. Cinaeda Mac Alpin's daughter, Maoilmuire, married Aodh Finnlaith of the Cinel Eoghainn in Ireland, from whom descended the McLaughlins, O'Neills, MacSweeneys, Maclachlans and other related septs in Ireland and Scotland. Most of the clans of Scotland claim descent from either Fergus Mor, Loarn or Aongus.