Regarding the armorial shields listed in this appendix, these are arms
that had ancient and tribal
significance, as opposed to arms that were later assumed by an individual as a part, for instance, of a
nonhereditary British knighthood. The symbols used are often highly significant within the
tribal-dynastic sphere, in a uniquely Gaelic way. Some common abbreviations are: ar. = argent, az. =
azure, betw. = between, gu. = gules, quart. = quarterly, sa. = sable, 1 & 4 = first and fourth, and 2 & 3
= second and third. Sources are listed in the bibliography.
a lion rampant gu. surmounted of a ribbon sa.
Arthur Ou. a chevron between three rests (or Clarions) or.
Barrett Barry of ten per pale ar. and gu. counterchanged.
Barry Ar. three bars gemels gules.
Bisset Az. a bend ar.
Blake Ar. a fret gu.
Brodie Ar. a chevron gu. between three mullets az.
Browne Or an eagle displayed with two heads sa.
Buchan Ar. three lions’ heads erased sa.
Buchanan Or, a lion rampant sa., armed and langued gu. within a double tressure flory-counter-flory of
Burke Or a cross gu., in the dexter canton a lion rampant sa.
Butler Quart.: 1 & 4, Or a chief indented az., 2 & 3, Gu. 3 covered cups or.
Butter Ar. a cross sa. between four human hearts proper (Gormack).
Callendar Sa. a bend between six billets or.
Cameron Gu., three bars or.
Campbell Quart., I & 4, Gyrony of eight, or and sa., 2, Ar. a lymphad, sails furled sa., 3, or, a fess
chequy azure and ar. (Glenorchy branch).
Campbell Gyrony of eight, ermine and gu. (Loudoun branch).
Campbell Quart., I, or, a hart’s head cabossed sa., attired gu., 2, Gyrony of eight, or & sa., 3, at. a
galley, 4, per fess az. & gu. a cross or. (Cawdor).
Campbell Quart., 1 & 4, Gyrony of eight, or & sa.; 2 & 3, Ar., a galley, sails furled sa., flag & pennons
Chisholm Gu., a boar’s head, couped or.
Colquhoun Ar., a saltire engrailed sa.
Condon Ar. a lion rampant gu. langued and armed az.
Creagh Ar. a chevron gu. between three laurel branches vert, on a chief az. as many bezants.
Cumming Az. three garbs or.
Cusack Per pale or and az., a fess counterchanged.
Dalton Az. a lion rampant guardant ar. charged on the shoulder with a crescent sa. between five
Darcy Az. semee of crosses crosslet and three cinquefoils ar. Dardes, Darditz Ermine a fess sa.
Davidson Quart., 1 & 4, Ar., on a fess az., between a dexter hand couped accompanied by two
pheons in chief and a pheon in base, gu., a buck lodged or, 2 & 3, Az., a wolf’s head erased or, armed
and langued gu.
de Courcy Ar. three eagles displayed gu. ducally crowned or.
Dillon Ar., a lion passant between three crescents gu.
Drummond Or, three bars wavy gu.
Dunbar Cu. a lion rampant ar. within a bordure of the second charged with eight roses of the first.
Dundas Ar. a lion rampant gu.
Dune Az. a chevron between three crescents ar.
Erskine Azure a bend between six cross crosslets fitchee (mar).
Fagan Per chevron gu. and ermine, in chief three covered cups or.
Farquharson Quart., 1 & 4, Or, a lion rampant gu., armed and langued az., 2 & 3, Ar., a fir tree
growing our of Mount in base fructed proper, on a chief gu., the Royal standard of Scotland is displayed
bendwise on a canton of the field, a hand issuing from the sinister side holding a dagger also proper,
Ferguson Az., a round buckle ar. traversed by a baton of the second tipped sa., be. tween three
boars’ heads erased or, langued gu.
Fitzgerald Ar. a saltire gu.
Fitzgibbon Ermine a saltire gu., on a chief ar., three annulets of the second.
Fitzpatrick Sa., a saltire ar., on a chief az. three fleur-de-lis or.
Fleming Vair a chief chequy or and gu.
Forbes Az., three bears’ heads couped ar., muzzled gu.
Fothringham Ermine, three bars gu.
Fox Ar. a lion rampant and in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist gu.
Fraser Quart., 1 & 4, Az., three fraises ar., 2 & 3, Ar., three antique crowns gu.
French Ermine a chevron sa.
Galbraith Cu. three bears’ heads erased ar. muzzled az.
Gordon Quart., 1, Az., three boats’ heads couped or, 2, Or, three lions’ heads erased gu., 3, Or, three
crescents within a double tressure flory-counter-flory gu., 4, Az., three fraises at.
Graham Quart., 1 & 4, Or, on a chief sa. three escallops of the first. 2 & 3, Or, fess chequy azure and
argent, in a chief a chevron gu. (Menteith).
Graham Quart., 1 & 4, Or, on a chief sa. three escallops of the first. 2 & 3, Ar., three roses gu.
Grant Cu., three Eastern or antique crowns or.
Gunn Ar. a galley of three masts, her sails furled and oars in action sable flags gu. within a bordure
az. on a chief of the third a bear’s head of the first, muzzled of the second between two mullets of the
Hackett Az. three hake fishes haurient in fess at., on a chief of the second three shamrocks proper.
Haldane Quart., 1 & 4, at. a saltire engrailed sa., 2, LENNOX; 3, MENTEITH.
Hamilton Quart., 1 & 4, gu. three cinquefoils pierced ermine, 2
& 3, Ar., a ship with sails furled and
Hay Ar., three escutcheons, gu.
Innes Ar., three stars az.
Jordan Ar. a fess sa., in base a lion passant of the last.
Joyce Ar. an eagle with two heads displayed gu., over all a fess ermine.
Kavanagh Ar. a lion passant gu., in base two crescents of the last.
Keating Ar. a saltire gu. between four nettle leaves vert.
Keith Ar. on a chief gu. three palets or.
Kinnaird Gu. a saltire between four crescents or.
Kinsella Ar. a fess gu. between in chief two garbs of the last and in base a lion passant sa.
Lacy Or a lion rampant purpure.
Lamont Az., a lion rampant ar.
Lennox Ar. a saltire gu. between four roses of the last, barbed vert.
Leslie Quart., 1 & 4, Ar. on a bend az. three buckles or, 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant gu. debruised with a
Lindsay Quart., 1 & 4, Cu., a fess chequy ar. and az., 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant gu. debruised with a
Livingston ar. three cinquefoils (or gullyflowers) gu. within a double tresure flory counterflory vert
Livingston Ar. on a bend between three gullyflowers gu. an anchor of the first, a double tressure flory
counterflory vert (Kinnaird).
Logie Ar. two chevronells sa. between three roses gu.
Lynch Az. a chevron between three trefoils slipt or.
Lyon Ar. a lion rampant az. armed and langued, within a double tressure flory counterflory gu.
MacAlister Or, an eagle displayed gu., armed sa.; on its breast a galley, sails furled, oars in action of
the last, all within a bordure of the third charged with three crosscrosslets fitchy ar.
MacArthur Az., a cross moline ar. between three antique or Eastern crowns Or. MacAulay Cu., two
arrows in saltire ar. surmounted by a fess chequy of the first and second, between three buckles or,
within a bordure indented or.
MacAuliffe Ar. three mermaids with combs and mirrors in fess az. between as many mullets of the
MacAwley Ar. a lion rampant gu. armed and langued az. in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist
of the second.
MacRain Quart., 1, Or, a lion rampant gu., 2, Ar., a dexture hand couped in pale gu., 3, Ar., a sword
in pale proper, 4, A lymphad az. sails furled proper, oars in saltire gu. and flagged of the last.
MacBrady Sa., in the sinister base a dexter hand couped at the wrist proper pointing with index finger
to the sun in splendour in dexter chief or.
MacCabe Vert a fess wavy between three salmon naiant argent.
MacCann Az. fretty or, on a fess argent a boar passant gu.
MacCaron Ar. a lion rampant and in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist gu.
MacCartan Vert a lion rampant or, on a chief ar. a crescent between two dexter hands couped at the
MacCarthy Ar. A stag trippant gu. attired and unguled or.
MacClancy Ar. two lions passant guardant in pale gu.
MacCoghlan Ar. three lions passant guardant gu. crowned or.
MacColgan Az. a lion rampant or between three pheons points down ar.
MacConsidine Per pale sa. and gu., three lions passant guardant in pale
per pale or and ar., armed
MacCorquodale Ar. a demi-stag gu. naissant Out of a fesse tortile of the second and first.
MacCostello Or three fusils az.
MacCotter Az. three evetts in pale proper.
MacCurtin Vert in front of a lance in pale or a stag trippant ar. attired or between three crosses
crosslet or, two and one, and as many trefoils slipt ar. one and two.
MacDermot Ar. on a chevron gu. between three boats' heads erased az. tusked and bristled or as
many cross crosslets of the last.
MacDonald Quart., 1, Ar., a lion rampant gu., armed or, 2, Or, a dexter hand couped fesswise,
holding a cross crosslet fitchy gu., 3, Or, a lymphad or galley, oars in saltire sa., and in base a salmon
naiant proper, in sea vert., 4, Ar., an oak tree surmounted by an eagle displayed or (Clanranald).
MacDonald Or, an eagle displayed gu. surmounted of a galley sails furled and oars in action sa.
(Macdonald of Macdonald).
MacDonald Quart., 1, Ar., a lion rampant gu., 2, Or, a hand in armour holding a cross crosslet fitchy
gu., 3, Ar., a row galley (or lymphad), the sails furled sa., 4, Vert, a salmon naiant in fess proper
MacDonell Or, an eagle displayed gu., surmounted by a galley (biorlin) sa., sails furled, in dexter chief
a hand couped of the second; sinister a cross crosslet fitchy of the third (Glengarry branch).
MacDonell Or, a lion rampant gu., a canton, ar., charged with a dexter hand couped fessways proper
holding a cross crosslet fitchy of the second (Keppoch branch).
MacDonlevy Ar. on a mount in base proper a lion gu. and a buck of the second ram-pant combatant
supporting a dexter hand couped at the wrist of the third.
MacDonnell Az. an ancient galley sails set and flags flying ar. between in chief a cross calvary in
three grieces or, between in the dexter an increscent of the second and in the sinister a dexter hand
couped at the wrist appaumee proper and in base a salmon naiant of the second (Clare).
MacDonnell Quart., 1, Or a lion rampant gu., 2, Or, a dexter arm issuant from the sinister fess point
out of a cloud proper, in the hand a cross crosslet fitchee erect az., 3, Ar. a lymphad sails furled sa.,
4, Per fess az. and vert a dolphin naiant proper (of the Glens).
MacDonogh Per chevron invected or and vert, in chief two lions passant guardant gu. in base a boar
passant ar. armed and bristled of the first langued of the third.
MacDougal Quart., 1 and 4, Az., a lion rampant at., 2 & 3, Or, a lymphad (or galley) sa., with a
beacon on the topmast proper.
MacDuff Or, a lion rampant gu.
MacEachern A shield gyronny of eight or and sa. suspended from the mast of a lym-phad sa.
MacEnery Ar. an eagle displayed vert.
MacEvoy Per fess az. and per pale or and ermine a fess gu. issuant therefrom a demi-lion ar., in the
dexter base a dexter hand couped at the wrist of the fourth.
MacFarlane Ar., a saltire waved and cantoned with four roses gu. MacFie Per fess nebully az., and
or, in chief a two-handed sword ar. hilted and porn-melled of the second, & in base a lymphad sa.,
under sail of the third.
MacGarry, Garrighy Ar. a lion rampant between four trefoils slipt vert, in chief a lizard passant vert.
MacGenis Vert a lion rampant or, on a chief at. a dexter hand erect couped at the wrist gu.
MacGeoghegan Ar. a lion rampant between three dexter hands couped at the wrist gu.
MacGeraghty Ar. on a mount vert an oak tree proper, in chief two falcons volant gu. MacGilfoyle Az.
two bars ar.
MacGillivray Quart., 1, Or, a cat-a-mountain sejant guardant proper, his dexter fore-paw on the ground
his sinister fore-paw in a guardant posture & his tail reflexed under his sinister paw, 2, Ar. a dexter
hand couped at the wrist apaumy gu., 3, Az., a salmon naiant Ar., 4, Or, a galley sailing sinister-wise
Az., its oars in saltire & flagged gu.
MacGillycuddy Gu. a wyvern or.
MacGorman Az. a lion passant between three swords erect ar.
MacGovern Az. a lion passant or, in chief three crescents of the last.
MacGrath Quart., 1, Ar. three lions passant gu., 2, Or, a dexter hand lying fessways cauped at the
wrist proper holding a cross formee fitchee az., 3, Gu. a dexter hand lying fessways couped at the
wrist proper holding a battle-axe or, 4, Ar. an antelope trippant sa. attired ar.
MacGregor Ar., an oak tree eradicated in bent sinister proper, surmounted by a sword az., hilted and
potnmelled or, in bend supporting on its point, in the dexter canton, an antique crown gu.
MacHugh Ar. a saltire vert between a dexter hand couped at the wrist in chief gu., two trefoils slipt of
the second in fess and a boat with oars proper in base (Galway).
MacHugh Vert a lion rampant or, in chief a fleur-de-lis between two annulets ar. (Munster).
Macian Or, a galley, sails furled, oars in action sa., between, in fess, dexter, an eagle displayed gu.,
and sinister, a buckle of the last (Ardmamurchan).
Maclnerney Ar. three lions passant in pale gu. armed and langued az (Clare).
Maclnnes Quart., 1, Az. a castle of two towers or windows and port gu.; 2 & 3, Or on a sea in base
undy az. at. a lymphad vert flag and five visible oars gu., 4, gyronny of eight sa. and or; over all a cross
vert charged with a mill-rhind between four pheons ar. accompanied by two cross crosslets in the
flanks and as many cross crosslets fitche, all of the last, in chief and base of the said cross.
Maclntyre Quart., I and 4, Or, an eagle displayed gu. armed and langued sa., 2, ar. a galley, her sails
furled sa. flags gu.; 3, at. a sinister hand couped fess-ways, gu. holding a cross crosslet fitche
Maclvor Quart., 1st, gyronny of eight or and sa.; 2nd, at. a dexter hand couped fesseways, grasping a
dagger in pale gu.; 3rd, at. a galley, her sails furled and oars in action sa.; 4th, quart. or and gu. a bend
MacKay Az., on a chevron between three bears' heads couped at. and muzzled gu., a roebuck's head
erased, between two hands holding daggers, all proper.
MacKenna, Kenny Vert a fess ar. between three lions' heads affrontee or.
MacKenzie Az., a stag's head cabossed or.
MacKeogh Ar. a lion rampant gu., in the dexter chief a dexter hand couped at the wrist and in the
sinister a crescent both of the second (Connacht).
MacKeown Ar. two lions rampant combatant sa. supporting a dexter hand couped at the wrist gu., in
chief four mullets of eight points gu., in base waves of the sea therein a salmon naiant all proper.
MicKinnon 1, Vert, a boar's head erased at., holding in its mouth the shankbone of adeer proper, 2,
Az., a castle triple-towered and embattled at., masoned sa., windows and portcullis gu., 3, Or. a
lymphad, sails furled, the oars saltitewise sa., flags flying gu., 4, Ar., a dexter hand couped fess-wise,
holding a cross crosslet fitchy sa.
MacKintosh Quart., 1, Or, a lion rampant gu., 2, Argent, a dexter hand couped fesswise, grasping a man's heart proper, 3, Az., a boar's head couped or, 4, Or, a lymphad az., oars
erect in saltite gu.
MacLachlan Quart., 1, Or, a lion rampant gu., 2, Ar., a dexter hand couped in fess, holding a crosslet
patte in pale gu., 3, Or, a galley, oars in saltire sa. in a sea proper, 4, Ar., in base in the sea undy, vert
a salmon naiant proper.
MacLame Quart., 1, Ar., a lion rampant gu., 2, Az., a tower ar., 3, Or, a dexter hand couped in fess
gu., holding a cross crosslet fitchy az., 4, Or, a lymphad proper, in base vert a salmon naiant proper.
MacLaren, Laurin Or two chevronnells gu., a lymphad sails furled sa. in base.
MacLean Quart., 1, Ar., a rock gu., 2, Ar., a dexter hand couped fesswise gu., holding a ctosslet
fitchy in pale az., 3, Or, a lymphad, oars in saltire, sails furled sa., flagged gu., 4, Ar., a salmon naiant
proper, and in chief two eagles' heads erased respectant gu.
MacLeish Or two chevtons gu. a canton sa.
MacLeod Quart., 1 & 4, Az., a castle triple-towered and embattled ar., masoned sa., windows and
porch gu., 2 & 3, gu., three legs armed, conjoined, and flexed at the knees ar. (Harris branch).
MacLeod Or, a burning mountain proper, in the dexter and sinister chief points two crosses patte
fitchy gu. (Lewis branch).
MacLoughlin Per fess az. and gu., in chief a lion rampant or between two swords erect ar. pommels
and hilts or, in base three crescents ar. (TirconnelD.
MacLoughlin Per fess, the chief two coats, 1, Ar. three dexter hands couped at the wrist gu., 2, Ar. a
lion rampant gu. armed and langued az., the base wavy az. and ar. a salmon naiant proper (Meath).
MacLysaght Ar. three spears erect in fess gu., on a chief az. a lion passant guardant or.
MacMahon Ar. an ostrich sa. holding in the beak a horse shoe or (Oriel).
MacMahon Ar. three lions passant reguardant in pale gu. armed and langued az. (Thomond).
MacManus Vert a griffin sergreant or, in chief three crescents at.
MacMillan Or, a lion rampant sa., in chief three mullets azure.
MacNab Sa., on a chevron at., three crescents vert, in base an open boat with oars at., sailing in a
MacNally Gu. an arm in armour proper garnished or and embowed couped at the shoulder holding in
the hand a battle-axe of the second between six martlets ar. three and three palewise, in the centre
chief point an ancient Irish crown or.
MacNamara Gu. a lion rampant at., in chief two spearheads or.
MacNaughton Quart., 1 & 4, Ar., a hand fesswise proper, holding a cross crosslet fitchy az., 2 & 3,
Ar., a castle embattled gu.
MacNeil Quart., I, Vert, a lion rampant or, 2, At., in base the sea, with a castle is-suant therefrom
proper, 3, Or, a lymphad, sails furled sa., 4, Or, a dexter hand palewise couped gu., within an one of
nine fetterlocks (Barra).
MacNeil Quart., 1 & 4, Az., a lion rampant, armed and langued gules, 2, Ar., a sinister hand couped
fessways in chief gu., in base wavy, az., a salmon naiant ar., 3, Or, a galley, oars in saltite gu., on a
chief gu., three mullets or (Gigha).
MacPherson Party per fess or and az., a lymphad of the first flagged gu. sails furled, oats in action
proper, in the dexter chief point a dexter hand couped fesswise grasp. ing a dagger erect palewise gu.,
and in the sinister a cross crosslet fltche gu.
MacQuarrie Quart., 1 & 4, vent three towers embattled in chief an., 2 & 3, ar. 3 ar three cross crosslet
MacQueen Ar. three wolves' heads couped sa.
MacQuillan Cu. a wolf rampant at., a chief or.
MacRae Ar., a fess az., between three mullets in chief and a lion rampant in base gu.
MacRannall Vert a lion rampant between three escallops or.
MacShanly Az., a lion passant or, in chief three estoiles of the last.
MacSheehy Quart., 1, Az. a lion passant guardant at., 2, Ar. three lizards vert, 3, Az. three pole-axes
in fess or, 4, Ar., a ship with three masts sa.
MacSweeney Or on a fess vert between three boats passant sa. a lizard argent.
MacTernan, Tiernan Ermine two lions passant gu.
Maguire Vert a white horse fully caparisoned thereon a knight in complete armour on his helmet a
plume of ostrich feathers his right hand brandishing a sword all proper.
Malcolm Ar. on a saltire az. between four stags’ heads erased gu., five mullets or.
Martin Az. a cross calvary on three grieces ar., the dexter arm terminating in a sun in splendour or,
the sinister in a decrescent at.
Matheson Gyronny of eight sable and gules, a lion rampant or, armed & langued az.
Mentieth Or, a bend chequy az. and sa. (Stewart branch).
Menaies Ar., a chief gu.
Moncreiffe Ar. a lion rampant gu. a chief ermine.
Moray Quart., 1 & 4, az. three stars at. within a double tressure fllory counter-flory or; 2 & 3, or, two
chevronells gu., for STRATHEARN.
Morris Or a fess dancettee, in base a lion rampant sa.
Morrison Per bend sinister Gules and Ar., a demi-lion rampant issuant Or, armed and langued Az.,
holding in his paws a battle-axe, the shaft curved, of the Third, axe-head of the Fourth in chief, in base,
issuing from the sea undy, Vert and Or, a tower sa., windows and port Or, over all a bend sinister
embattled Az., charged with an open crown Or, jewelled gu., between two fleurs-de-lys Argent.
Munro Or, an eagle’s head erased gules.
Murray Az., three mullets at., within a double tressure flory.
Nagle Ermine on a fess az. three lozenges or.
Napier Ar. a saltire engrailed between four roses gu. barbed vert.
Nugent Ermine two bars gu.
O’Aherne Vert, three herons at.
O’Beirne Ar. an orange tree eradicated and fructed proper, in base a lizard vert, in the dexter base
point a saltire couped gu. on a chief az. the sun in his splendour or and a crescent of the first.
O’Boylan Ar. an eagle displayed sa. armed or.
O’Boyle Or an oaktree eradicated vert.
O’Branagan Per pale gu. and at. a sinister hand erased at the wrist between three crosses moline
O’Brcnnan Ar. a lion rampant az., in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist apaumee gu.
O’Brennan Gu. two lions rampant combatant supporting a garb all or, in chief three swords two in
saltire points upwards and one in fess point to the dexter, pommels and hilts of the second (Ossory).
O’Brien Gu., three lions passant guardant in pale per pale or and at.
O’Byrne Gu. a chevron between three dexter hand couped at the wrist ar.
O’Cahan Az. on a fess per pale gu. and at. between in chief out of the horns of a crescent, a dexter
hand couped at the wrist and apaumee, surmounted by an estoile between on the dexter a horse
counter-saliant, and on the sinister a lion rampant each also surmounted by an estoile, and in base a
salmon naiant all at. on the dexter side three lizards passant bend sinisterways gu. and on the dexter an oak tree eradicated vert, over all an
escutcheon ar. charged wtth a cross calvary on three grieces proper.
O’CahilI Ar. a whale spouting in the sea proper.
O’Callaghan Ar. in base a mount vert on the dexter side a hurst of oak trees issuant therefrom a wolf
passant towards the sinister all proper.
O'Carroll Sa, two lions rampant combatant or armed and langoed gu. supporting a sword point
upwards proper pommel aml hilt or.
O’Carry Az. a lion passant guardant or.
O’Casey Ar. a chevron between three eagles heads erased gu.
O’Cassidy Per chevron ar. and gu., in chief two lions rampant and in base a boar passant both
O'Cleary Or three nettle leaves vert.
O’Coffey Vert a fess ermine between three Irish cups or.
O'Concannon Ar. on a mount in base proper an oak tree vert, perched on the top thereof a falcon
proper, two cross crosslets fitchy in fess az.
O’Connell Per fess ar. and vert a stag trippant proper between three trefoils slipped ounterchanged.
O’Connor Vert a lion rampant double queued and crowned or (Kerry).
O’Connor Ar. on a mount in base an oak tree all proper (Keenaght).
O’Connor Vert a stag trippant or (Corcomroe).
O’Connor Per pale vert and ar., in the dexter a lion rampant to the sinister or, in the sinister on a
mount in base vert an oak tree proper (Sligo).
O’Connor Ar, on a mount in base vert an oak tree acorned proper (Faly).
O’Connor Erm. an oak tree eradicated and acorned proper (Roe).
O’Connor Ar. an oak tree vert (Don).
O’Conrahy Quart., 1, Vert three goats passant ar., 2, Ar. a lion rampant go., 3, Gu. three escallops
ar., 4, Vert a cock statant proper.
O’Cornyn Per fess ar. and ermine a fess gu. in chief a demi lion rampant sa.
O’Corrigan or a chevron between two trefoils slipt in chief and in base a lizard passant vert.
O’Crean, Creghan Ar. a wolf rampant sa. between three human hearts gu.
O’Crowley Ar. a boar passant az. between three crosses crosslet gu.
O’Cullane Ar. two lions rampant combatant proper.
O’Cullen Gu. on a chevron between three dexter hands erect couped at the wrist ar. a garb of the first
between two trefoils slipt vert.
O’Cullinan Ar. a stag springing gu. attired and unguled vert, in base a dexter hand appaumee couped
at the wrist proper.
O’Daly Per fess ar. and or a lion rampant per fess sa. and gu., in chief two dexter hands couped at the
wrist of the last.
O'Davoren Ar. a sword erect in pale distilling drops of blood proper pommel and hilt or.
O’Dea Ar, a dexter hand lying fessways couped at the wrist cuffed indented az. holding a sword in
paIe all proper, in chief two snakes embowed vert.
O’Dempsey Gu. a lion rampant ar., armed and langued az. between two swords points upwards of the
second pommels and hilts or one in bend dexter the other in bend sinister.
O'Dinneen, Denning Az. two swords in saltire points upwards ar. pommels and hilts or four roses or.
O’Doherty Ar. a stag springing gu. on a chief vert three mullets of the first.
O’Donegan Ar. three ermine spots in pale sa. between four lions rampant, those in dexter chief and
sinister base gu., and those in sinister chief and dexter base of the second.
O’Donnell Or issuing from the sinister side of the shield an arm fessways vested az. cuffed ar. holding
in the hand proper a passion cross gu.
O’Donnellan Ar. an oak tree eradicated proper, on the sinister side a slave sa. chained to the stem
O'Donnelly Ar. two lions rampant combatant supporting a dexter hand cooped at the wrist apaumee
gu., in base the sea therein a salmon naiant proper.
O’Donoghue Vert two foxes rampant combatant ar., on a chief of the last an eagle volant sa.
O’Donovan Ar. issuing from the sinister side of the shield a cubit dexter arm vested gu. cuffed of the
first the hand grasping a scian in pale the blade entwined with a serpent all proper.
O’Doran per pale sa. and ar. a boar passant counterchanged, on a chief az. three mullets of the
O’Dowd Vert a saltire or, in chief two swords in saltire points upwards the dexter surmounted of the
sinister ar. pommels and hilt or.
O’Dowling Ar. a holly tree eradicated proper, on a chief az., a lion passant between two trefoils slipt
O’Doyle Ar. three bucks' heads erased gu. attired or, within a border compony or and az.
O’Driscoll Ar. an ancient galley sails furled sa.
O’Duany, Duvany Ermine a fox passant sa., in chief two crescents of the last.
O’Dugenan Ar. on a mount in base vert an oak tree, the stem entwined with two serpents interwoven
and erect respecting each other all proper.
O’Dunne Az. an eagle displayed or.
O’Dwyer Ar. a lion rampant gu. between three ermine spots.
O’Fahy Az. a hand cooped at the wrist fessways in chief proper holding a sword paleways argent
pommel and hilt or point downwards pierced through a boar’s head erased of the last.
O’Fallon Gu. a greyhound rampant ar. holding between the forepaws a tilting speat point to the dexter
O’Farrell Vert a lion rampant or.
O’Finnegan Gu. two lions rampant combatant ar. supporting a sword in pale blade wavy point
O’Flaherty Ar. two lions rampant combatant supporting a dexter hand cooped at the wrist all gu., in
base a boat with eight oars sa.
O'Flanagan Ar. out of a mount in base vert an oak tree proper, a border of the second (Roscommon).
O’Flynn Az, a wolf passant ar., in chief three bezants.
O’Fogarty Az. two lions rampant combatant supporting a garb all or, in dexter base a crescent ar., in
sinister base a harp of the second stringed of the third.
O’Friel Gu. in dexter fess a garb or, in sinister fess a dexter hand cooped at the wrist fessways proper
grasping a cross calvary on three grieces ar., in chief three mullets of the second.
O’Gallagher Ar. a lion rampant sa. treading on a Serpent in fess proper between eight trefoils vert.
O’Galvin, Gallivan Gu. three salmon haurient ar.
O’Gara Ar. three lions rampant az., on a chief gu. a demi-lion rampant or.
O’Gormley Or, three martlets gu., two and one.
O’Grady Per pale gu. and sa. three lions passant per pale ar. and or.
O’Griffey Sa. a griffin segreant or, langued and armed gu.
O’Hagan Quart., ar. and az., in 1, a shoe proper, on a canton per chevron
gu. and ermine three
covered cups or, in 2, a flag of the first charged with a dexter hand of fourth, 3, a lion rampant of the
sixth, and 4, a fish naiant proper.
O’Halloran Cu. a horse passant ar. saddled and bridled proper, on a chief of the second three martlets
O’Hanlon Vert. on a mount in base proper a boar passant ermine.
O’Hanly Vert a boar passant ar. armed hoofed and bristled or, between two arrows barways of the
second headed of the third, that in chief pointing to the dexter and that in base to the Sinister.
O’Hanraghty Az. a griffin passant wings elevated or.
O’Hanrahan Gu. a lizard passant in fess or, in chief a trefoil slipped between two holly leaves ar. in
base a garb of the second.
O’Hara Vert on a pale radiant or a lion rampart sa.
O’Hart Cu. a lion passant guardant or, in base a human heart ar.
O’Hartagan Az. a lion rampant or holding in each forepaw a dagger ar. pommels and hilts of the
O’Hea Ar. a dexter arm lying fessways couped below the elbow vested gu. turned up of the first
grasping in the hand a sword in pale entwined with a serpent descending all proper.
O’Heffernan Per fess vert and gu., on a fess or a lion passant guardant az., in chief three crescents
O’Hegarty Ar. an oaktree eradicated proper, on a chief gu. three birds of the first beaked and legged
O’Hennessy Cu. a boar passant proper (Clare-Cork).
O’Hennessy Vert a stag trippant ar. between six arrows, two, two, and two saltire. ways or (Offaly).
O’Heyne Per pale indented or and gu. two lions rampant combatant counter-changed.
O’Hickey Az. a lion passant guardant or, on a chief ermine a bend sa.
O’Higgin, Higgins Ar. guttee de poix on a fess sa. three towers of the first.
O’Horan Vert three lions rampant two and one or.
O’Houlihan Az. a tower or supported by two lions rampant argent, in base two crescents of the last,
on a chief of the third three annulets gules.
O’Kearney Ar. three lions rampant gu., on a chief az. between two pheons of the first a gauntletted
hand fessways or holding a dagger erect proper pommel and hilt or.
O’Keeffe Vert a lion rampant or, in chief two dexter hands couped at the wrist erect and apaumee of
O’Keevan Vert a saltire or, between in chief and in base a lizard passant of the last, and in fess two
daggers erect ar. pommels and hilts gold.
O’Kelly Az. a tower triple-towered supported by two lions rampant ar., as many chains descending
from the battlements between the lion’s legs or.
O’Kennedy Sa. three helmets in profile proper.
O’Kiernan Vert on a chevron ar. three leopards’ faces gu.
O’Kinneally Cu. a stag statant ar.
O’Laylor Or a lion rampant guardant gu.
O’Lanigan Az. on a paler ar. between two lions rampant regarding each other or, each between three
fleurs-de-lis, two and one, of the second, three trefoils in pale vert.
O’Leary Ar. a lion passant in base gu., in chief a ship of three masts sa. sails set proper from the
stern the flag of St. Ceorge flotant
O’Lee Ar. an oak tree eradicated proper on a fess wavy az. a fox’s head erased of the first between two fish naiant or.
O’Lonergan Ar. on a chevron az. three estoiles or, in chief two arrows in saltire points downwards gu.
O'Loughlin Gu. a man in complete armour facing the sinister shooting an arrow from a bow all proper.
O’Lynch Ar. a cross sa. between four lions rampant gu. armed and langued az.
O’Lynn Quart., ar. and gu. four dexter hands couped at the wrist counterchanged (branch of O’Lynn).
O’Lynn Per fess ar. and gu. a sword in pale between two dexter hands couped at the wrist, one in
chief the other in base counterchanged (branch).
O’Madden Sa. a falcon volant seizing a mallard ar.
O’Maher Az. two lions rampant combatant or, supporting a sword ar. pommel and hilt of the second,
in base two crescents of the third.
O’Mahony Quart., 1 & 4, Or a lion rampant az., 2, per pale ar. and gu. a lion rampant counterchanged,
3, Ar. a chevron gu. between three snakes tongued proper.
O’Malley Or a boar passant gu.
O’Malone Vert a lion rampant or between three mullets ar.
O'Mannin Gu. three crescents at. a border ermaine (or ar.).
O’Meara Gu. three lions passant guardant in pale per pale or and ar., a border az. charged with eight
O’Meehan Gu. on a chevron at. three bucks’ heads erased of the field attired or, in base a demi-lion
O’Moledy Vert a lion rampant double queued and crowned or, between three close helmets in profile
O’Molloy Ar. a lion rampant sa. between three trefoils slipt gu.
O’Molony Az., on the dexter side a quiver of three arrows, on the Sinister a bow erect all or.
O’Monahan Az. a chevron between three mullets or.
O’Mooney Ar. a holly tree eradicated vert thereon a lizard passant or, a border cornpony counter
compony of the first and second.
O’Morchoe Ar. an apple tree eradicated fructed proper, on a chief vert a lion passant or.
O’More Vert a lion rampant or, in chief three mullets of the last.
O’Moriarty Ar. an eagle displayed sa.
O’Moroney Az. a chevron or between three boats’ heads couped at. langued gu.
O’Mulconry Az. a ancient book open indexed edged or, a chief embattled of the last.
O’Mullally, Lally Ar. three eagles displayed gu. two and one each holding in the beak a sprig of laurel
proper between as many crescents, one and two, az.
O’Mullen Ar. a dexter hand couped at the wrist in fess gu. holding a dagger in pale proper between
three crescents gu.
O’Mulroony Ar. a dexter hand couped at the wrist and erect gu. a border az. charged in the dexter
chief with an open book proper.
O’Mulryan Gu. three griffins’ heads erased ar.
O’Mulvihil Pet fess at. and gu., in chief two lions rampant combatant az. supporting a dexter hand
couped at the wrist gu. and in base a salmon naiant proper, in base an Irish harp or stringed ar.
between two battle-axes proper.
O’Murphy Quart., ar. and gu., on a fess sa. between four lions rampant counterchanged three garbs
O’Naghten Quart., 1 & 4, Cu. three falcons close proper, 2 & 3, Vett three swords at. pommels and
hilts or, one in pale point downwards the others in saltire points upwards.
O’Neill Ar. two lions rampant combatant gu. supporting a dexter hand couped at the wrist of the last,
in chief three estoiles of the second, in base waves of the sea therein naiant a salmon all proper.
O’Neill Per fess wavy the chief ar. the base representing waves of the sea, in chief a dexter hand
couped at the wrist gu. in base a salmon naiant proper (Claneboy).
O’Nolan, Knowlan Ar. on a cross gu. a lion passant between four martlets of the first, in each quarter
a sword erect of the second.
O’Phelan Ar. four lozenges in bend conjoined az. between two cotises of the last, on a chief gu. three
fieur-de-Iis of the first.
O’Quigley Cu. an one ar., over all a bend erminois.
O’Quin Vent a pegasus passant wings elevated ar., a chief or (branch of O’Farrell).
O’Quin Cu. a hand couped below the wrist grasping a sword all proper between in chief two crescents
ar. and in base as many serpents erect and respecting each other tails nowed or (Glare).
O’Quinlan Per pale ermine and or two lions rampant combatant between in chief a mullet surmounted
of a crescent and in base a dexter hand couped at the wrist and erect all gu.
O’Regan Or a chevron ermine between three dolphins az.
O’Reilly Vert two lions rampant combatant or supporting a dexter hand couped at the wrist erect and
apaumee bloody proper.
O’Riordan Quart., 1 & 4, Cu. out of clouds in the sinister side a dexter arm fessways proper holding a
dagger in pale ar. pommel and hilt or, 2 & 3, Ar., a lion rampant gu. against a tree in the dexter couped
O’Rourke Or two lions passant in pale sa.
O’Scanlan Per fess indented ar. and az. three lions rampant counterchanged.
O’Shaughnessy Vert a tower triple towered an. supported by two lions rampant combatant or.
O’Shea Per bend indented az. and or two fleur-de-lis counterchanged.
O’Sheehan Az. on a mount in base vent a dove ar. holding in the beak an olive branch proper.
O’Shiel Ar. a lion rampant between two dexter hands couped at the wrist erect apaumee in chief and a
mullet in base all gu.
O’Sheridan Or a lion rampant between three trefoils vert.
O’Sullivan Per fess, the base per pale, in chief or a dexter hand couped at the wrist gu. grasping a
sword erect blade entwined with a serpent proper between two lions rampant respecting each other of
the second, on the dexter base vert a stag trippant or, on the sinister base per pale ar. and sa. a boar
passant counterchanged (main branch).
O’Sullivan Per pale ar. and sa., a fess between in chief a boar passant and in base another counter
passant all counterchanged armed hoofed and bristled or (Beare branch).
O’Toole Cu. a lion passant ar.
Ogilvy Ar., a lion passant guardant gu., crowned with an imperial crown, and collared with an open
Power Ar. a chief indented sa.
Prendergast Vair on a chief or, three oak leaves vent.
Purcell 0r a saltire between four boars’ heads couped sa.
Ramsay Ar. an eagle displayed sa. beaked and membered gu.
Rattray Az. three cross cnosslets fitchee or.
Reid Ar. an eagle displayed sa. beaked and membeted or, charged on the breast with an escutcheon of the last (Colliston, Fife).
Reid Quart., 1 & 4, ar. an eagle displayed gu. beaked and armed az., 2 & 3, gu. a dagger erect in pale
proper between three wolves’ heads erased ar. (Strathloch).
Rice Quart., 1 & 4, per pale indented at. and gu., 2 and 3, az. a lion rampant or.
Robertson Gu., three wolves’ heads erased arr., armed and langued az.
Roche Gu. three roaches naiant in pale ar.
Ross Cu., three lions rampant, two and one ar.
Rothe Or, on a mount in base proper a stag trippant ar. attired gu. in front of an oak tree vert.
Ruthven Ar. three pallets gu.
Sarsfield Per pale ar. and gu. a fleur-de-lis counterchanged.
Savage Ar. six lions rampant sa. langued gu.
Scrymgeour Cu. a lion rampant or, armed and langued az. holding in the dexter paw a scymitar ar.
Sinclair Quart., 1, Az., a ship at anchor within a double tressure flory-counter-flory, her oars erect in
saltire or, 2 & 3, Or, a lion rampant gu., 4, Az., a ship under sail or, over all a cross engrailed,
quartered, dividing the four quarters ar. and sa.
Skene Cu., three sgians (or daggers) palewise in fess ar., hilted and pommelled or, surmounted of as
many wolves’ heads or.
Spalding Ar. a two-handed sword in pale az.
Spens Or, a lion rampant gu. surmounted of a bend sa. charged with three lozenges ar.
Strathearn Cu. two chevrotiells or.
Steuart Or, a lion rampant gu. between three mullets az. over all a fess chequy at. and of the third
Steuart Quart., 1 & 4, Or, a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory gu., 2 & 3, Or, a
fess chequy az and ar. all within a bordure engrailed of the first (Ballechin, Atholl — Royal).
Stewart Quart., 1 & 4, Or, a fess chequy az. and ar., 2 &3, Ar., a galley, sails trussed up, flags, gu.,
and oars in action (Appin).
Stewart Quart. I & 4, Or, a fess chequy az. and at., 2 & 3, At., a lymphad, oars in action sa.
Stewart Quart., 1 & 4, Or, a lion rampant gu., armed and langued az., within a double tressure
flory-counter-flory gu., 2, Or, a fess chequy az. and at., in chief a mullet gu., 3, Ar. a saltire gu.
cantoned with four roses of the last, all within a bordure engrailed compony az. and at. (Ardvotlich,
Stewart Quart., I & 4, or, a fess chequy az. and at. surmounted by a lion rampant gu., 2 & 3, az. three
garbs or (Carth, Atholl—Royal).
Stirling Ar. on a bend sa. three buckles or (Keir).
Stuart Or, a fess chequy az. and at. within a double tressure floty-countet-flory gu. (Marquis of
Sutherland Cu., three mullets or, within a tressure flory-countet-flory of the first.
Taaffe Cu. a cross at. ftetty az.
Teeling Quart. per fesse indented or and gu.
Tobin Az. three oak leaves at.
Tyrie Sa. on a chevron at. a lion rampant az. between two totteaux.
Urquhart Or, three boat’s heads erased gu., armed proper and langued azure.
Wall, Faltagh Az. a lion rampant between three crosses ctosslet or.
Walsh Ar. a chevron gu. between three broad arrow heads points upwards sa.
Appendix II - A List of Surnames
There are over a thousand families listed here. The names are in their
Anglicized form, that is, the most
generally representative forms in English. Several categories of names appear, including names of the
families covered in Part II, by ethnic group; important variant forms of names found in Part II; and
names of families which are direct branches of one of the families dealt with in Part II, as opposed to
more distantly related tribal branches. Included in this latter category are blood-related septs of the
Scottish clans. (Scottish clan septs can be of two kinds; firstly there are the male-line branches, the
identifiable of which are covered here, but then secondly there were those not related in the male line,
yet who nonetheless followed the chief of the clan, adhering to him for protection. This reflects Scottish
clanship’s slightly different development in this regard, as discussed in Part I.)
Finally, it should
be noted that in some cases more than one distinct sept bore the same name
English or Gaelic or both, and when one or more of such families are dealt with while others of the
same name are not, confusion may arise. To avoid confusion, those not dealt with are listed here but
marked "IVL" (indeterminate, various localities), which generally indicates that these families simply
did not fall within the main Gaelic tribal sphere, either because they resided outside the Gaelic area, or
else because they did not form a cohesive group with the level of real political significance common to
the tribal and clan families listed in Part II, hence their exclusion from further consideration. They are
included to show, for instance, that all O’Neills are not necessarily of the great Ulster clan, or O’Neill
might be the name of a minor family or of some other clan, or even of a family with no historical or tribal
significance. In this way I have cross-referenced family names throughout the Gaelic area, so that
accuracy might be maintained.
For the genealogist,
connection with a particular family bearing such an often-used name must
made on a territorial basis (e.g., if your Maclnerney great-grandmother was from County Clare, then
that shows her to be Dalcassian, and not of the famous Roscommon family of hereditary abbots or erenaghs).
If a family is only known to originate in a metropolitan area such as Dublin, or Cork City,
then a family tradition must be extant to determine the origin of the family (unless a family connection
to the city is very old). The same is true if the families in question lived in areas adjacent to each other,
though this is relatively rare for families of the same name. For the most part the genealogist’s track is
straightforward when logic and some sense of history are employed. For Scottish families, holding a
sept-name is often a better indication of actual descent than holding the clan chief’s name itself,
unless a knowledge of one’s exact connection to the chiefly line is known (see remarks in Part I,
Chapter 1). This again reflects the particular differences of Scottish clanship. In addition, many
Scottish families also appear in Ulster after the sixteenth century, as a result of large-scale
immigration. The genealogist will find this cross-referenced appendix invaluable, and a further look to
the bibliography is also advised, especially where doubt may exist. Also, when using this, name-forms
should be searched with and without the prefixes "0" and "Mac."
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Anderson, Marjorie 0. Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland. Rev. ed. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1980.
Anderson, Rasmus B., ed. The Norse Discovery of America. New York: Norroena Society, 1911.
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Ashe, Geoffrey. Camelot and the Vision of Albion, New York: St. Martin’s, 1971.
Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Ed. Margaret 0. MacDougall. 6th ed. Glasgow: Collins, 1977.
Bannerman, John. Studies in the History of Dalriada. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1974.
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Black, George Fraser. Surnames of Scotland. New York: New York Public Library, 1946.
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Bloom, Harold, ed. Dr. Samuel Johnson and James Boswell. New York: Chelsea, 1986.
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the Peerage, Baronetage and
Knightage. London: Burke’s Peerage, Ltd., 1967.
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John. Irish Kings and High-Kings. New York: St. Martins, 1973. Campbell,
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Carney, James. Studies in Irish Literature and History. Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies, 1955.
Carney, James, trans. Medieval Irish Lyrics. Los Angeles: U of California F, 1967.
Chadwick, H.M. Early Scotland. New York: Octagon, 1974.
K. Chadwick, and Kenneth Jackson. Studies in Early British History. Cambridge:
Cambridge UP, 1959.
Chadwick, Nora K. The British Heroic Age. Cardiff: U of Wales P, 1976.
Chadwick, Nora K. Celtic Britain. London: Thames and Hudson, 1963.
Chadwick, Nora K. The Celts. New York: Penguin, 1982.
Chadwick, Nora K. The Druids. Cardiff: U of Wales F, 1966.
Chapman, Malcolm. The Gaelic Vision in Scottish Culture. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s UP, 1978.
"The MacNayres, the Cardneys, and the Stewarts, Lairds of Foss." Scottish
Queries. 12(1899): 129—31.
Clarke, Maude Violet. Fourteenth Century Studies. Freeport: Books for Libraries Press., 1967.
Coghlan, Ronan. Pocket Dictionary of Irish Myth and Legend. Belfast: Appletree, 1985.
Three Celtic Earldoms; Atholl, Strathearrt, Menteith. Edinburgh: Norman
Scottish Literature and the Scottish People, 1680—1830. London: Chatto
Crawford, Barbara E. Scandinavian Scotland. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1987.
Cross, Tom Peete, and Clark Harris Slover, eds. Ancient Irish Tales. New York: Henry Holt, 1936.
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De Blacam, Aodh. Gaelic Literature Surveyed. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1974.
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Delaney, John T. Dictionary of Saints. Garden City: Doubleday, 1980.
and Marie DePaor. Early Christian ireland. London: Thames and Hudson, 1958.
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Scotland: Church and Nation Through Sixteen Centuries. New York: Barnes
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D.D. The Bishops of Scotland, Being Notes on the Lives of All the Bishops,
of the Sees, Prior to the Reformation. Glasgow: James Maclehose, 1912.
Roger A. Mason and Alexander Murdoch, eds. New Perspectives on the Politics
Culture of Early Modern Scotland. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1980.
Dudley. Church and State in Tudor Ireland, A History of the Penal Laws
Catholics, 1534—1603. New York: Russel and Russel, 1972.
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Farmer, David Hugh. The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1982.
Fell, Barry. Bronze Age America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1982.
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Finlay, Ian. Columba. London: Victor Gollancz, 1979.
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K., trans. The Mabinogi and Other Medieval Welsh Tales. Berkeley: U of
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Kingdom. By G[eorge] E(dward] C[okayne]. 13 vols. London: The St. Catherine Press, 1912.
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Green, Alice Stopford. The Irish Nationality. New York: Henry Holt, 1911.
Guide to National Monuments in the Republic of Ireland. Dublin: Gill and
J. The Beaker Folk: Copper Age Archeology in Western Europe. New York:
and Hudson, 1980.
Hieatt, Constance B., Trans. Beowulf and Other Old English Poems. New York: Bantam, 1983.
The Northern Counties to AD 1000. New York: Longman, 1986.
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Commission. The Manuscripts of the Duke of Athole, K.T., and the Earl of
Home. London: Stationery Office, 1891.
Hoagland, Kathleen, ed. 1000 Years of Irish Poetry. Old Greenwich: Devin-Adair, 1975.
Holweck, Frederick George. A Bibliographical Dictionary of the Saints. Detroit: Gale Research, 1969.
Hughes, Kathleen. The Churdt in Early Irish Society. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1966.
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