And also dedicated to
Henry McCausland Jr.
Whose Fascinating and Tragic Life Sparked My Interest In Genealogy And Local History
Being sensible the foregoing genealogy neither is or can be of any public benefit, it cannot be worthy of public notice. I therefore have no other meaning than to hand it down to you, to the end that you and your descendants may (if you or any of them have or may have the curiosity) look back to the first of the family... from whom you derived your nativity, and may continue it along to many generations, if you or any of them think proper to do it; with that view (and no other) it is presented to you by your
(letter written by Gen. Joseph Frye- 19 Mar. 1783)
PLEASE READ THIS FIRST!
Genealogy has been a hobby of Jeff's for the past 35 years. Over this period of time he has collected thousands of pages of information on his and Pam's ancestry. Most of this information is provided here including images of primary documents, maps and photos. To access information you can click on either ahnentafel or the surname list below or on Martin or Nunan (the latter two will bring you to information concerning our immediate families and you can go from there!). There is also a bibliography of all the references cited throughout this work (if we get ambitious perhaps we will make links from the citations to the bibiography).
Although this work is a compilation of data concerning our family's ancestry it is to be used as a reference tool for those of you seeking your own family origins. An ernest attempt has been made to use primary sources where ever possible and reliable secondary sources to fill in the gaps, however, the information provided is far from complete and probably contains much mis-information. Therefore, it is strongly suggested that all information obtained from this or any genealogy be compared to the original records and if mistakes are found or if more information is available PLEASE let us know! If you do wish to send information (which I hope you will) it is imperative that you give your sources otherwise the information will be useless to us and future ancestor hunters. This work was written using very simple html tags (which are the only ones I can remember!) so the documents can be easily read using your browser software, HTML editor or word processing software. All the files can be edited so feel free to download the files and add your own information concerning your family (or change the font, change the background, move information around... you get the idea). I look at this work as being the modern equivalent of the family bible, muniments chest, photo album, county court house, etc., all rolled into one to which you can add information and share with others in the family.Enjoy!
Jeff & Pam Martin- York, Maine, USA
PS- all the horse thieves, murderers, witches, etc. have been left in to balance off the saints, kings, generals, and constables, who inhabit our family... enjoy all of their stories.
Links to other areas on this page.Jeff Martin
And... no genealogy would be complete if you didn't have a section dedicated to finding John Doe... well... here he is, living in Parsonsfield in 1850 with his family. BUT... his wife was not Jane Doe... her name was Ruth.
This is a listing ONLY for the major players in this genealogy. You can use your favorite search engine to find that elusive ancestor.
As this genealogy contains so much information I'm often asked what are the most interesting stories. Of course personal preference plays an important role in selecting pages worth spending time perusing, however, I think the highlighted ones would be worth your while looking at first... and you can wander from there!
CAITHNESS, CALLENAR, CAMPBELL- The Clan Campbell has also played an important roll in the history of Scotland. Cailean Mor Caimbeul's support for Robert Bruce's claim to the throne. His son Neil who was a firm supporter of his cousin Robert the Bruce and fought with him in almost every battle from Methven to Bannockburn. His wife Mary locked in a cage by King Edward. Their castle with its ties to King Arthur and Camelot. Duncan "Na-Adh", and lady Marjory whose effigies are to be seen at St. Munn's church. Sir Colin, the builder of Kilchurn Castle, whose wife, like Penelope, was going to marry another as he was thought dead fighting in the Holy Land but appears at the marriage feast as a beggar. Sir John, the Earl of Loudoun who was involved in the Civil War. Hugh, who was outlawed for the murder of the Earl of Cassillie. Calein the Grey the builder of Taymouth Castle, one of the finest castles in Scotland. The Black Duncan and his execution pit at Finlarig Castle where nobles were beheaded and commoners were hanged., CANDYSHE- or Cavendish- Sir John, Chief Justice of the King's Bench and Chancellor of Cambridge University. He suppressed the Peasant's Revolt of 1381 and was subsequently persued by the peasants and beheaded by the mob led by Jack Straw. His son, also a Sir John, was knighted for killing the rebel Wat Tyler. And there is our ancestor's nephew, Thomas Cavendish, the famous explorer, Admiral and Pirate., CANNEY- Thomas was an early settler of Dover, New Hampshire and signed the Dover Combination in 1640 and a builder of one of the first sawmill's in the province. His son's bible from 1619: "Thomas Canny his Book god Giv him grace therein to Looke"., CARMINOWE, CAPET- the early kings of Francia starting with Lambert c.700. Robert the Strong, Hugh the Great, Robert the Pious, King Henry I and his wife Anna Yaroslavna of Kiev... upon whose missal all the French Kings since the 11th century have taken their vows. Also the stories about Hugh the Great and the Crusades., CARDINHAM, CARR, CARRICK- Fergus, King of the "Wild Scots of Galloway" who were described as "that detestable army, more atrocious than Pagans, reverencing neither God nor man, plundered the whole province of Northumberland, destroyed villages, burned towns, churches, and houses". Fergus then devoted his time to founding religious houses including Whithorn Priory, Tongland Abbey and Dundrennan Abbey. Fergus was the subject of a Scottish Arthurian romance composed in French in the early 13th century. The "Roman de Fergus" is the earliest piece of non-Celtic vernacular literature to come out of Scotland. His sons Gilbert and Uchtred fought for control and under Gilbert the Gallowegians murdered all the Saxon and Norman subjects in Galloway. The struggle between the brothers ended with Gilbert's men seizing Uchtred at Threave Castle, cutting out his tongue, putting out his eyes, castrating him and then killed him., CHADBOURNE- Robert Chadbourne a carpenter from Preston, Lacashire moved to Tamworth, Staffordshire and was a Catholic and wouldn't attend the Anglican church "Being offred to be set at libtye upon condycion that he will this night goo to the church and resort to the church in the tyme of dyvyne srvice & sermons uppon Saboath and holy dayes he utterly refusith it & will not doo yt". His son William arrived in Kittery, Maine on the "Pied Cow" in 1634 as a carpenter for Capt. John Mason and built the first mill in, what is now, South Berwick as well as the Great House at Strawbery Banke for the Laconia Company. His son Humphrey purchased land from the Indian Sagamore Rowles. "I Humphry Chadbourn of Francisborough in the County of York Esqr testify & say that about sixty years agone that I have heard my Father & Uncle Humphry Chadbourn often speaking of their Grand father's Logg house or Loging house & that said house stood about half a mile Southerly of Quampeging Landing in Berwick near Little River now called great works river". The homestead has been the site of an archaeological dig by Salem State College. Many of the objects found are at the Counting House Museum in South Berwick. Humphrey and Lucy's extensive wills and inventory make for interesting reading., CHANDIT, CHURCH, CLARE- The Clare family from Suffolk is an old and established family, but, the most infamous was Richard, known as Strongbow who was invited by Diarmuid MacMurrough, King of Leinster to help expel his enemies. This gave the English a foothold in Ireland which occupation was to last for 750 years. In all the years of ancestor digging I have yet to find relatives who led to the misery of an entire race of people for centuries such as Richard and Diarmuid., CLARKE- Daniel was an early settler in Topsfield and ran a "house of entertainment" where one year the town meeting was held and afterwards folks stayed to drink... and a brawl arose over the bill which lasted for three hours. He was fined and prohibited from keeping an ordinary, although he was soon licensed again... and fined again for selling liquor to the Indians., CLIFTON, CLOUTIER- Zacharie Cloutier was one of the Percheron who settled in New France in 1634. He was a master carpenter and ship wright and worked on the manor house of Beauport and the parish church and Fort St. Louis in Québec. The marriage contract of his daughter Anne with Robert Drouin was the first in Canada and Anne was only ten years old (but she lived at home until she was thirteen). The family moved to the lower town of Québec and the house that he built is a Provincial Heritage Site., CLOYES, COFFIN- The Coffin family came from Brixham, Devon to Salisbury then Haverhill and then to Newbury, Massachusetts. His tavern was known as the place where the best beer was sold so Tristram's wife Dionis was able to sell her beer for 3d per quart instead of the 2d allowed by law. They then moved to Nantucket Island as one of the first settlers there. His son remained in Newbury and built the Coffin Manse, built in 1678 and is open as a museum and includes the chest, table and spinning wheel brought from England in 1642. If you visit make sure you go to the graveyard across the street and see the ancient family gravestones., COLBY- Matthew and Mary Colby of Sempringham, Lincolnshire and their two youngest children died within three months of each other in 1591. One has to wonder what sort of epidemic was occuring in this village at the time. His grandson Anthony was a member of the Winthrop Fleet of 1630 and was living in the "newtown" of Amesbury, Massachusetts where he purchased Thomas Macy's home. The Macy-Colby house is a museum of the Amesbury Historical Society and is open in the summer. His son Samuel was fined for "abusing a wench", but was soon a constable for the town and a soldier in King Philip's War., COLE, COLQUHOUN, COLVILLE, COMYN- The "Red Comyn" with his beautiful castle of Blair, the "Black Comyn", a claimant to the throne of Scotland, the "wickedness of the Comyns" in the fall of Wallace, the murder of another "Red Comyn" by the Bruce, and the Gaelic proverb that "while there are trees in a wood, there will be deceit in a Cumyn.", CONTVILLE, COOKE- Sir Thomas was a member of the Draper's Company of London and was Sheriff of London, MP as well as Lord Mayor of London during the Wars of the Roses. Although in sympathy with the Yorkists he married the daughter of one of the leaders of the Lancastrian party. Besides being a draper he owned four brewhouses, taverns, beerhouses, fishing weirs, a large farm at Gidea Hall and numerous manors in London, Surrey, Essex and Kent. Thomas was impeached for high treason for lending money to Henry IV's queen, he was imprisoned in the Tower and fined £8,000!, COOPER- Alexander was a Scottish prisoner taken at the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 and transported to the New World to build the mills on the Newichawannock River in South Berwick, Maine. Alex was admonished by the court "for using profane speeches" and referring to the "divell" in his "common talk". Daniel was in Capt. Hodgdon's Co. in 1775. George Jefferds Cooper was a fisherman from Kennebunkport and his ship's logs from 1855 and 1859 give details of his travels on his schooner "Brandywine" to Boon Island, Wood's Island, Monhegan, Matinicus and elsewhere. George Jr.'s daughter Kate collected recipes beginning in 1895 and her cookbook makes interesting reading. George III was in WWI as part of the Heavy Artillery Training Battalion. After the war he ran the garage at Cooper's Corner in Lower Village before retiring to the homestead on the Sinnott Rd. in Arundel., CORNHILL, COSFORD, COTE, COTTON, COUCH, COURTNAY, COUTU, COX, CRAUFORD, CREDIFORD, CREBER, CRETE, CRICHTON, CRINAN- Crinan, Abbot of Dunkeld, was the ancestor of the kings of Scotland through his marriage to Bethoc, daughter of King Malcolm. His son, King Duncan, was the one who was killed by Macbeth. His son King Malcolm "Ceann Mor" married Margaret, sister of Edgar the Atheling, Saxon heir to the throne of England. Margaret improved the character of the Scottish court, encouraged trade, and most importantly reformed the church in Scotland. She was canonised in 1250. Malcolm's son Duncan granted a charter to the monks of St. Cuthbert which is the oldest Scottish charter in existence. Then there is King David, Donald Bane and King William the Lion whose charter granting of Royal Burgh status to the city of Perth has recently been restored to celebrate Perth's 800th birthday., CROCKETT, CROSS, CULWEN, CURCY, CURRIER- The Currier family was from Salisbury, Wiltshire before Richard became one of the first settlers of Salisbury, Massachusetts and then moved to Amesbury. A soldier in the Narragansett War, his descendants had land grants in Buxton, Maine due to his service. Richard drowned after falling through the ice crossing the mill pond by his saw-mill. His grandson Richard was one of the "Snow Shoe Men" during Queen Anne's War. Edmund Currier moved to Wells and the town school was held in his shop. He was part of Col. Doolittle's Regiment of Foot and was at the Siege of Boston. His son Abraham was also in the Revolutionary War.
DALTON, DANFORTH, DARELL, DAVIS, DAY, DEARBORN, DEERING, DELAMARE, DENNETT, DESHON, DESROSIER, DEVERE, DIAMOND, DILL- Daniel was one of the Scottish prisoners, probably from the Battle of Worcester, captured by Cromwell in 1651. He was an early settler in the "Scotland" section of York. His son, Daniel was killed by the Indians. They "kill'd two Men about Scotland Garrison at York, viz. Daniel Dill and Joseph Jenkins... they also stript and scalpt and after the Enemy withdrew, they supposing him dead Jenkins arose and march'd to the Garrison, and gave an account of the Action, and liv'd but about 10 hours afterward." John Dill was in Col. Edmund Phinney's 31st Regiment of Foot and was at the siege of Boston in 1775. An interesting account of a soldier from Capt. Bradish's company shows the Regiment's travels from Maine to Boston where they camped near Fort No. 2 in Cambridge. One of the neighbors from Falmouth treated the entire regiment with good old New England rum! "July 19th, A sergeant of the Regular's guard spoke with our sentry with a message. Gen. Putnam went down to the lines to meet Burgoyne... Aug. 1st, Our people hoisted a liberty pole on Prospect Hill and a flag upon it. Fired a 24 pounder at the ship but did no damage..." John's son Enoch was the first of the Dill family to move to Gardiner. He was a brick and stone mason and built many of the buildings in the city including the City Building. His son suffered from the flood of 1826: "... the fishing schooner of Enoch Dill was utterly destroyed". , DIONNE, DIXON, DOL, DONNELL- Another old family from York. Henry arrived in 1635 and was a fisherman and tavern owner as well as ran the ferry from Stage Island to Raynes Neck., DOUGLAS- another family intimately involved in the history of Scotland, particularly that of Scottish Independance. William "Long Leg", William "the Hardy", "the Good Sir James", the "Black Douglas", Archibald "the Grim", James "the Gross", Archibald "the Tineman", the "Red Douglas", Archibald "Bell the Cat", and many others... their fascinating stories are all here., DROUIN, DRUMMOND, DUCHESNE, DUNBAR, DURANT, DUXFORD, DYFED, DYMOKE- The Dymokes were the King's Champions. Their duty was to present themselves during the second course of the Coronation Banquet in Westminster Hall, by a loud knocking on the great doors of Westminster Hall and a fanfare of trumpets annoucing the arrival of the champion, fully armed and mounted on "the second best charger from the King's stables" with two squires carrying his lance and shield. An Officer of the Household inquired as to the meaning of the intrusion into the King's presence and a Herald read out the Challenge after which the Champion flung down his guantlet to invite a challenger. The Champion was paid with a gold cup and cover, many of which are kept at Scrivelsby Court. Our Dymock's were at the coronations of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, and Edward IV.
EAMES, EASTMAN, EDMONSTONE, EDON, EGLINTON, ELDRIDGE- William Eldridge is the only Loyalist in the genealogy thus far. Supposedly from New Jersey, he joined General DeLancey's 3rd Battalion and he spent the war in New York before going to Beaver Harbour, NB where he had a land grant from the crown in 1787. His son Joseph moved to Grand Manan Island. The family then moved down the coast working as ship's carpenters and fishermen, moving from Grand Manan to Millbridge to Rockland to Kennebunkport with Henry Eldridge finally living at the Augusta Mental Health Institute with "senile psychosis"., ELPHINSTONE, EMERY, ENDLE, ERSKINE- The Erksine family, Earls of Mar, is another fascinating Scottish family. Our connection to the Scottish nobility comes from John Erskine alias Marr who was an illegitimate son of "Bobbin' John, the Crooked Backed Count". Bobbin' John was a Jacobite, a follower of the Old Pretender. Upon the defeat of the Stewarts in 1715, Bobbin' John went to France with them and his illegitimate son John, came to Kittery, Maine. The Marrs on this side of the "pond" became involved in the Mar Peerage Case and spent $70,000 to try and prove their claim., ESSEX, ETHERINGTON, EVANS, EVERETT
FARNUM, FARRINGTON- Edmond came from Buckinghamshire and settled in Saugus, Massachusetts in 1638 before becoming one of the early settlers on Long Island living in the Hamptons. His son John was also one of the explorers of the Long Island wilderness but in 1640 he disappears until he pops up again in Lynn in 1661 with his "horses, saddle, stirup and gut, straightbodies, corsee coat, red coat, leather breeches, breastplate, sword, pistill boulster and snap hank musket". So John was probably a member of Cromwell's army during the Civil War. His son Edward was accused of witchcraft during the hysteria in 1692, but was fortunately released. His son Stephen was one of the early settlers of Pennycock or Concord, New Hampshire. During the Indian troubles, his wife Apphia found the men asleep in the field after dinner with their guns nearby. She took one of the Queen Anne's muskets and fired it near them causing them to spring to their feet and admonished them for not having a sentry who was awake. Their son Stephen moved to Fryeburg when General Frye was settling that place and commanded a company of Militia there during the Revolution., FAVREAU, FERRIS, FITZALAN- The Earls of Arundels begin their line with Alain who was a Crusader in 1097 and lived in Shropshire in the Welsh Marches. John was at the Battle of Lewes fighting for King Henry III. Richard was knighted by King Edward I and his son Edmund bore the Royal robes at the coronation of King Edward II. He sided with the Despensers and he was captured and beheaded at the behest of Queen Isabella. His son Richard was one of the commanders at the Battle of Crecy. His son Richard was opposed to King Richard II and also lost his head saying to the executioner: "Torment me not long, strike off my head in one blow"., FITZRICHARD, FITZROBERT, FITZWARIN- Fulk FitzWarin was the Lord of Whittington Castle and was the guardian of the Marian Chalice, thought to be the Holy Grail, which was kept in his private chapel in the castle. Fulk was the subject of an early 14th century book, the "Romance of Fulk FitzWarin" which talks about all his adventures., FITZWILLIAM, FLEMING- The Scottish Flemings were from, yup, Flanders, and arrived in Scotland in the 12th century during the reign of King David. Sir Robert assisted in the murder of Comyn and cut off his head. Robert the Bruce inquired if Comyn were dead and Sir Robert produced the head and said: "Let the deed show" which became the family motto. Malcolm Fleming was invited to a magnificent feast given by the King and suddenly a band of armed men appeared, tied him up and cut off his head. His son, Sir Robert, entered a protest against the sentence passed on his father and was subsequently made a Peer of Parliament. Sir John's wife Euphemia was at the fatal repast in 1502 when they were poisoned. Sir John was murdered in 1524. Another Sir Malcolm was Lord Great Chamberlain of Scotland and killed at the battle of Pinkie and his wife became the mistress of King Henry II of France. His son was a part of the murder of Rizzio in 1566. Busy family, I'd say!, FLETCHER, FOGG, FOLSOM, FORBES, FORRESTER, FOST, FRASER, FRENCH, FRYE- Joseph Frye of Andover is probably the most famous of our ancestors in the New World. Joseph was a surveyor by trade, his surveying compass now owned by the Smithsonian. He distinguished himself in the French & Indian Wars and was at the seige of Louisbourg, the fall of Acadia, and the deportation of the Acadians. He was given a silver tankard by the officers who served under him in Nova Scotia which is in the Maine Historical Society collection. He was part of the expedition to New York which was the basis of James Fenimore Cooper's book "The Last of the Mohicans: A Narrative of 1757". He survived that massacre where "Our Men were scalped and mangled in a most barbarous Manner, some of their Throats cut & c. one of Captain Arbuthnot's Company had his Head cut off and carried 30 yards off behind a Tree in order to scalp it... our People took it up and put in a Handkerchief and buried it with the Body." A sentry at Joseph's tent door had his thigh shot off by a cannon ball. "the Savages were let loose upon us, Strips Kills & Scalps our people... I was strip'd myself of my Arms & Cloathing that I had nothing left but Briches Stockings Shoes & Shirt... I... was Oblig'd to fly and was in the woods till the 12th in the Morning of which I arriv'd at Fort Edward almost Famished". Upon returning he founded the town of Fryeburg (Frye Island and Frye's Leap on Sebago Lake in Maine are also named for him) and wrote poetry before being commissioned a Major General by the Provincial Congress and took command of the right wing of the army at Roxbury during the seige of Boston. Poor Joseph was old and sick at this point and prompted General Washington to write to Joseph Reed, a member of Congress: "I have heard of no other valiant son of New England waiting promotion, since the advancement of Frye, who has not, and I doubt will not, do much service to the cause; at present he keeps his room, and talks learnedly of emetics, cathartics, & c. For my own part, I see nothing but a declining life that matter him." Reed replied: "Poor Frye! Heaven and earth was moved to get him in- he was everything that was great and wonderful; now, I suppose we shall hear no more of him." Joseph's descendants are eligible for membership in the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. Joseph returned to Fryeburg and lived out his days and wrote: "A genealogical account of the family of the Fryes in Andover". The inventory of his estate lists "six Wine Glasses 3/" one of which is in the MHS collection and "A Lamp 1/" which is also owned by the MHS., FURBISH
GALARNEAU, GALLOWAY, GAULIN, GAUTRON, GIFFARD- The Giffards, Lords of Yester, appeared in Scotland during the reign of King William the Lion in the 12th century. Bruce and Barbara Morrison of Lexington, KY provide analysis of all the early Yester Writs as well as other documents to put life on the bones of these ancestors. Of particular interest is Hugh Giffard, the Wizard of Yester, who had the ability to muster a ghostly army through a pact with the devil. Sir Hugh was immortalized by Sir Walter Scott in his poem "Marmion": "A clerk could tell what years have flown since Alexander filled our throne third monarch of that warlike name, and eke the time when here he came to seek Sir Hugo, then our lord: A braver never drew a sword, a wiser never, at the hour of midnight, spoke the word of power; the same, that ancient records call the founder of Goblin hall... Lord Gifford deep beneath the ground heard Alexander's bugle sound, and tarried not his garb to change, but, in his wizard habit strange, came forth, a quaint and fearful sight: His mantle lined with fox-skins white; His high and wrinkled forehead bore a pointed cap, such as of yore Pharoh's Magi wore; His shoes were marked with cross and spell, upon his breast a pentacle... and in his hand a naked sword without a guard". In his castle is a cavern, formed by magic, and called Hobgoblin Hall, which, of course, is haunted., GILMAN, GILPATRICK, GLANFIELD, GLEMHAM, GLYNN, GOOCH, GOODWIN- Daniel was an early settlers of Berwick and came from East Bergholt, Suffolk. We are descended from six of Daniel's nine children! Thomas and his wife Mehitable were captured by the Indians and carried to Canada and lived there five years., GORDON, GOULD, GOULET, GOUSHILL, GRAHAM, GREENLEAF, GREENAWAY, GRESLON, GUINARD, GULDFORD, GUPTILL, GWYNEDD- Princes of the Isle of Man and of Wales includes Merfyn Frych who gained control of Gwynedd and his son Rodri Mawr who spent most of this time fighting off the Vikings. Prince Hywel Dda who gained control of almost all of Wales and was one of the most educated princes of his time.
HALEY- Andrew Haley, King of the Shoals, settled on Smuttynose Island in the Isles of Shoals and his descendants lived there for the next 250 years. His son, also Andrew, left an estate worth £1176. The inventory makes interesting reading. Joseph Haley moved to Topsham and built the old yellow Baptist meeting house there., HALLOP, HALYBURTON, HAMBLIN, HAMILTON- Sir Walter was Governor of Bothwell Castle before being taken into favor by Robert the Bruce. Walter commissioned the "Bute Mazer", a gold drinking cup which is exhibited at the National Museum of Scotland and was made soon after the Battle of Bannockburn. Sir James Hamilton built the parish church of Hamilton and was involved in the civil wars during the reign of King James in the 1450's., HANSCOM- Thomas Hanscom came from Shillington, Bedfordshire to Salem, Massachusetts in 1629 as an employee of the Massachusetts Bay Company. His son, also Thomas, moved to Kittery and he was in court with "Mary Batchelder the wife of Mr Batcheller for frequently comeing togeather". Mary was convicted of adultery with another of our ancestors George Rogers. His daughter Alice, who was unmarried, was obviously "with child" and she testified "that one John Mederille was the father of it and that no other person had every anything to do with her besides him". Well, Alice gave birth to a black child and she admitted that the father was Black Will, Mr. Shapleigh's slave. Alice was in court again in 1693... pregnant again and several men were implicated. Her brother John was fined "for coming in Indian Habbits, and firing a Gun, to frighten William Mansey and family out of his house, whereby they took Possession". And then there was Job: "wee present Job Hanscom for being Drunk & Fighting & for Prophane Swareing". Our ancestor, their brother Thomas was a shipwright in Kittery and seems to have been able to stay out of trouble. But, his heirs then fought over Thomas' estate causing a family feud that went on from Thomas' death in 1713 until 1741 when he and his family "with force of arms, viz swords, staves, and clubs riotously and unlawfully assembled and gathered themselves together to disturb the peace... and made an assault upon one Joseph Hammond". Several of the children picked up and left Kittery and moved to Scarborough... can't say that I blame them!, HARLYNGER, HASTINGS, HAY, HEARD, HEARLE, HEIGHAM, HENDERSON, HEREFORD, HIGGINS- The Higgins family of Cape Cod and New Jersey were mercers in Leominster, Hereford and Richard was an apprentice in London before coming to the Plymouth Colony in 1633 where he was a taylor. In 1669 he and group of people moved to New Jersey and settled New Piscataway. His son Benjamin stayed in East Orleans and was a member of the jury in the trial which caused King Philip's War in 1675. He served in that war and his grandson received a grant in Narragansett Township No. 7 (Gorham, Maine). The inventory of his estate showed a cutlass, cartridge box, gun, rapier, powder, bullets, saddle and cloth for his horse., HILL- Several Hill families settled in New England who were our ancestors. John, one of the early settlers of Boston whose son moved to New Hampshire and grandson was a bricklayer in Portsmouth and Kittery. He was one of the first members of the new church in Eliot in 1721. His son Joseph moved from Kittery to Biddeford to Scarborough and then to Granville, Nova Scotia by 1764. Peter Hill sailed with John Winter and landed at Richmond Island in 1633 as a sailor and boat builder. His son Roger, wrote a letter to his wife Mary from the garrison in Wells in 1690: "I would have our son John hire a boat and bring you from Saco and some of our things, if he possibly can. I fear it is not safe to come by land. John, be as careful as you can of your mother, for it is very dangerous times." Roger's son Ebenezer was a corporal at Fort Mary in 1699: "The evening gun had sounded from gray Fort Mary's walls; Through the forest, like a wild beast, roared and plunged the Saco's falls." In 1703 Ebenezer and his wife Abiah were captured by the Indians and taken to Canada. He wrote to his brother John: "myself, wife and child are well, and send kind love to you all, begging your prayers that God would direct, protect and keep us, and in due time deliver us." Their son Ebenezer Jr. was born in Canada and was later referred to as the "Frenchman"., HILTON- William Hilton from Northwich, Cheshire ran a salt works there. His son, also William, was a fishmonger from London along with his brother Edward. He arrived on Cape Cod in 1621. His letter badly misrepresented conditions in the New World and was printed in Capt. John Smith's book. Being Anglicans the Hilton's left Plymouth and moved up to the Piscataqua area. In 1632 William and Capt. Neale sent four ships to protect Pemaquid from the pirate Dixie Bull. William then moved to York where he seems to have been constantly in court. Mrs. Hilton was admonished for fighting and abusing her neighbors with her tongue. In 1655 Frances was found guilty of "railing at her husband and saying he went with Joane his bastard to his three halfe penny whores and that he carried a clock of profession for his knavery." Ouch! More court appearances "for allowing men to be drunk in their house on the Sabbath"... "common lying and backbiting"... "fighting one with another & for beating company in their house". Frances had some issues. William Hilton III on the other hand was a distinguished navigator and cartographer went on voyages of exploration to the Carolinas and named "Hilton Head" after himself. His journal makes interesting reading., HINTON, HODSDON, HOLDRIDGE, HOLYOKE, HOPKINS- Stephen Hopkins of Upper Clatford, Hampshire is best known as being a Mayflower passenger, however, in 1609 he was part of the Third Supply bringing supplies to Jamestown and was on the "Sea Venture" and described as "A fellow who had much knowledge in the Scriptures, and could reason well therein". The "Sea Venture" crashed on a reef in Bermuda. Stephen was one of the leaders of the subsequent mutiny who, after his capture, successfully pleaded his way out of a hanging. Shakespeare in "The Tempest" recounts this story and casts Stephen Hopkins as Stephano. Stephen and his family then board the "Mayflower" and Elizabeth gives birth to Oceanus while on the voyage. If you visit Plimouth Plantation you can chat with "Stephen Hopkins". Capt. Miles Standish and William Bradford were witnesses to Stephen's will., HOVELL, HOWLETT, HOYT, HUFF, HUNKING, HUTCHINS
LABBE, LAPORTE- Jacques was an inn keeper and baker in Noce, Orne and was the provost of the Charitons brotherhood. His son, also Jacques, came to New France and settled in Montreal. Jacques and his wife Nicole both had tempers which got them into legal problems with various people in the community. Jacques is said to have "run down M. Galinee with many blatant threats accompanied with a quantity of swear words". M. Galinee was a Sulpician priest. By 1681 they had moved to Boucherville and Jacques was practicing his trade as a baker. The inventory of his estate makes interesting reading., LASCELLES, LAWRENCE, LEACH, LEBRUN- Jean de Bresme was the guettor of the belfry of Boulogne-sur-mer. The guettor was the watchman for the city and announced any danger by sounding the "gros bourdon". To warn of danger and to announce each hour the guettor rang an enormous bell named "l'estourmie", the awakener. Even after the invention of the clock the guettor announced each hour with his horn and his voice from the tower. His son, Noel Brem LeBrun dit Carrier came to New France and was a tool maker. He made the tools for the quarrymen of Quebec, hence the alias "Carrier", quarryman. Noel and his family then moved to Saint-Vallier., LECOLLEN, LEGATE, LEGRAND, LEINSTER, LENNOX, LEROUX, LESIEGE, LESTER, LETARTE, LEVESQUE, LEWIS, LIBBY- John Libby is the ancestor of many folks in Maine and was one of the early settlers in Scarborough. He and his family were involved in the Indian wars "eight of nine deserted houses belonging to Libby and his children were burned by the Indians 7 Sept. 1675". We are descended from four of John's children. Reuben served in the Revolutionary War and moved to Gardiner later in life. In his application for a pension is a page out of the family bible listing the births and marriages for the family., LINDSAY- "Lindsay's castle jutteth forth, On the wild, old, sounding sea, And a gallant race of the hardy North, As their mountains strong, as the billows free..." The Lindsays are another famous Scottish family which started with Sir Walter who was a member of the council of Prince David c.1120. Sir William was the Justiciar of Lothian and held paramount authority in all civil and criminal jurisdiction south of the firth. Sir David was a Regent of Scotland and Lord High Chamberlain and joined the last Crusade and died in Egypt. Sir Alexander was a follower of Robert the Bruce and was at the Parliament in 1309 when Bruce was acknowledged as the rightful king of Scotland. His son David was taken prisoner at the battle of Bannockburn. Another Sir Alexander of Finhaven Castle spent his evenings in "the playing of the chess, at the tables, in reading of romans, in singing and piping, in harping, and in other honest solaces of great pleasance and disport"., LITTLECHILD, LITTLEFIELD- Edmund Littlefield was a clothier and wool merchant from Tichfield, Hampshire and came to Boston in 1636 before becoming one of the early settlers of Wells, Maine where he built a saw mill and grist mill on the Webhanet River in 1641 and became the richest man in the town. His son John was a lieutenant in the militia and his letters and petitions and those of his son Josiah make interesting reading. Josiah was captured by the Indians and carried to Canada and wrote to his children: "Dear and loving children, my kind love remembered to you all..." Josiah spent two years in Canada only to be killed in an Indian attack in 1712. The letters revolving around his imprisonment and the terms of his release make interesting reading. A family feud occured after Josiah's death concerning his estate which Bourne states was "without a parallel in the history of New England". The feud comprised over 40 law suits and prosecutions between the various parties involved, their descendants and friends and was not resolved until almost 40 years after Josiah's death., LIVINGSTON, LONGVILLIERS, LORD, LORENS, LOUDOUN, LOUVAIN, LOWER, LUSS
MacALPIN- This is the file on the early kings of Scotland... an interesting bunch to be sure. The monks who compiled the genealogies for their patrons traced back all the way to Adam... I start their story with our ancestor who lived the longest... Methuselah. King Fergus brought the Stone of Destiny with him from Ireland in the 5th century and then there's Áedán, Eochaid Buide, Domnall Brecc, Aedh Find, down to Cináed MacAlpin who unified the kingdom in the 9th century. The Viking raids occupied much of their time with King Constantine being killed in battle against the Norsemen. The list of monarchs continues down to Máel Coluim mac Cináeda. Enjoy their stories., MacKENZIE, MACON, MADDOX, Magna Carta- We have all heard about the Great Charter... here is a bit of information on the document and a translation of it., MAHEU, MAINWARRING, MALET, MANDEVILLE, MARCH- Hugh March of Nether Wallop, Hampshire, came to New England in 1638 and lived in Newbury, Massachusetts and Kittery, Maine. He was involved in the planning of the settlement of Woodbridge in East Jersey, however, was soon back in Newbury. Hugh sued Benjamin Lowle for mistreating his son who was Lowle's apprentice at his blacksmith shop who was sick: "He as lame in his knee for fifteen months... the flesh and bones being very sore... the thing he lay on was a cotton wool bag, or such like thing, filled with chaff and straw and upon it was a piece of old curtain, and his covering was an old cotton rug and a shett with was all the bedclothes he had in the coldest winter night that came... he did nothing but lie and cry yesterday almost all day long... the continual hearing of his doleful crying out night and day for a long time was a great distraction to the family..." Hugh ran the ordinary, the "Blue Anchor" in Newbury. He had to chase his patrons for money and won a case against William Longfellow and attached his "neager servant and three cows". His son George was an officer in the Company of Horse and rode post for the Major General during King Philip's War. George was one of the few ancestors who was a slave owner. In 1680 and inquest was held "on the bodie of George Marchs Negroe servante" who had wandered off and died of exposure. His son, also George, moved to Arundel and was a corporal in the militia., MARETTE, MARKHAM, MARMION, MARQUETT, MARR, MARSHALL- Sir Gilbert was the Royal Serjeant and Marshal for King Henry I. His son John was a supporter of the Empress Matilda and fled to sanctuary at Wherwell Abbey which Stephen's troops set on fire. John survived, having lost an eye from the melting iron in the fire and fled to Marlborough castle. John was ruthless and was described as "a limb of hell and the root of all evil". His son, Sir William was renowned for his bravery and was undefeated in the tournaments from 1170 until 1183 and recalled winning 500 victories. He took the cross and fought for two years for King Guy of Jerusalem and the Knights Templar. Upon returning he used the castle building techniques learned in the Holy Land to build Pembroke Castle. He held ten castles and was one of the most powerful magnates in England. He was a member of the Council of Regency appointed by King Richard the Lionhearted upon his departure for the crusade in 1190. He was also regent during the minority of Henry III. The Angevin dynasty probably wouldn't have survived the disasterous reign of King John if it wasn't for William and his honesty and reputation for self-restraint and compromise. On his deathbed he was made a Knight Templar and his tomb is in Temple Church, London. , MARTEL (Carolingian Royal Family of France)- In this file are the early kings of France, beginning, supposedly, with Tonantius, the Roman Praetorian Prefect for Gaul. In this illustrious genealogy is St. Arnoul, Bishop of Metz, Pepin "le Gros", Charles Martel, Pepin "the short", Charlemagne, Louis "the Pious", Louis the German, Charles "the Bald", Louis "the Stammerer", Charles "the Fat", Louis "d'Outremer", Emperor Lothair and his famous crystal and his cross, Pepin, king of Italy, Bernard "Rex Langobardorum", the counts of Vermandois, as well as the counts of Roucy and Rheims. An interesting lot for sure!, MARTIN- My favorite file! Funny how we have an affinity for our paternal ancestry even though we are just as much a descendant of our mother's mother's mother as our father's father's father! The Martin family story goes from the 16th century in Great Wratting, Suffolk to Southminster, Essex and then to Burnham-on-Crouch. William Martin, who eventually ended up in Portland, Maine moved around from Burnham to Lewisham, Kent, then to Deptford, outside of London, back to Burnham and then to Brighton before hopping on a boat in Liverpool ending up in Quebec and then Island Pond, Vermont before finally arriving in Portland, Maine where he became a citizen in 1898. An inquiry to the town clerk in Burnham ended up with making a connection again with the family across the pond a story which Megan Smolenyak put in her book "In Search of Our Ancestors". The next generation also moved frequently to find work from Portland to Waterbury, Connecticutt to Lowell, Massachusetts, to Chelsea and finally to Revere where my father was born... and he too had to move as it was the Great Depression so he went from Revere to Springfield to Vermont and then Concord, New Hampshire before coming back to Revere and then to Saugus, Melrose and to Topsfield before moving to North Carolina and then finally to York Beach, Maine. I guess I've kept up the tradition as I've lived in three places in Massachusetts, four in Maine and two in North Carolina! Oh, and then there are the French Martins from La Rochelle who came to New France in 1656 and settled in Charlesbourg., MARTYN, MASON, MASTERS, MATTHEWS, MAULE, MAULOVEL, MAXWELL, MAYO- Herein lies our only Puritan minister, John Mayo, minister at the Second Church in Boston and mentor of Increase Mather. He lived on what is now Hanover St. in a house which became the home of Cotton Mather. He was also one of the Overseers of Harvard College and is listed as a member at their first recorded meeting in 1667., McCAUSLAND- James arrived from Northern Ireland in 1717 and settled in Falmouth, Maine, a descendant of the Orangemen who came from Scotland and settled in the North. His two sons Henry and James went with Dr. Gardiner and founded the town of Gardinerstown on the Kennebec River in 1760 and may have been the ones who supplied the green lumber from their saw-mill to build the "bateaux" for Benedict Arnold which fell apart on the way to the siege of Quebec. The story of Henry McCausland Jr., a mentally ill Revolutionary War veteran, is what inspired me to get involved in genealogy when I was in high school. My guess is that he was a paranoid schizophrenic (or perhaps PTSD from the war?) and had "devine visions" upon which he acted and so burned down the church in Gardiner and then murdered a woman. He was imprisoned in the jail in Augusta for the next 35 years until his death. Shortly after his death the State of Maine started discussions concerning building a facility to house the insane... and the Augusta Mental Health Institute was formed. Might Henry's story been an impetous for this? Several of his grandsons were gold miners in Trinity County, California in the 1860's and '70's and Emerson McCausland's letters to his brother Moses make fascinating reading. Moses was in the Second Maine Cavalry during the Civil War... his discharge papers from the army now framed and hanging on my wall at home. The story of the McCausland family covers much of the history of the United States and is a great read... enjoy!, MENARD- Pierre Mesnard dit Saintonge from La Rochelle joined the Regiment Carignan and arrived in New France in 1656 and was one of the first settlers of Saint-Ours. The story of the lives of the early "habitants" makes interesting reading. He married Marguerite DesHayes, a Huguenot "fille du roi", who, upon marriage was given a trousseau including a kerchief, a pair of stockings, scissors, 1,000 pins and two livres in cash. Pierre was one of the early Notaries and wrote contracts from 1673 until 1693. He also acted as bailiff. Their son, also Pierre, was a captain in the militia., MENTEITH- Another noble family from Scotland whose beginnings are in the reign of King David I in the person of Muireadhach, the first Mormaer of Menteith. Walter, who fought against King Haadon IV of Norway at the battle of Largs and took part in the Third Crusade with St. Louis of France. Sir John, "the false Menteith" is infamous for his betrayal of Sir William Wallace into the hands of the English... keep that in mind the next time you watch "Braveheart"., MERRILL, MEULENT, MEUNIER, MICHAUD- The Michaud family hails from Fontenay-le-Comte, Vendee, Pays de la Loire where Antoine was a merchant and his son was apprenticed to a haberdasher, however, he decides to escape the ravages of the Thirty Years War and the religious wars and emigrates to New France in 1656. He was employed after his contract ran out by the parish of Sainte-Anne-du Petit-Cap and mostly likely was one of the workmen who built the beautiful Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupre church. He was also probably working as a coureur de bois. There is also an interesting court case involving Pierre, his wife Marie and Mathurin Thibodeau due to an altercation between Mathurin and Marie where Marie was injured and took to her bed and was attended by a surgeon. Pierre was then employed by the Sieur de Granville and settled on the Ile-aux-Oies, the only island in the St. Lawrence that is still inhabited. Pierre and Marie had nine children and by the 4th generation had produced 458 Michaud heirs and by 1750 half the population of Kamouraska was made up of family members!, MIGNAULT, MIGNIER, MILBURY, MILLETT, MITCHELL, MONTFORT, MONTGOMERY, MONTLHERY, MOODY- The Moody family became famous after one Edmund Moody, a footman, pulled King Henry VIII out of the muck and saved his life for which he was granted land and arms. What would have happened if our ancestor hadn't saved King Hal? From this beginning the family prospered and his son Richard added to the estate and was one of the wealthiest people in Suffolk. His descendant William Moody settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1634 where he was a blacksmith before moving to Newbury in 1635. His son Caleb was a brewer in Newbury and was very involved in town affairs. His malt house was on the corner of Federal St. and Water St. in Newburyport., MOORE, MORGAN, MORHAM, MORSE, MORVILLE, MOSES, MOULTON- The Moulton family originates in the 15th century in Ormesby, Norfolk before William and his family emigrated to Newbury, Massachusetts and then to Hampton, New Hampshire and his son, another William, moved back to Newbury where he was a weaver, inn holder and merchant and about 1690 began making silver shoe buckles which later evolved into the "Goldsmith Moultons". A later generation, Joseph Moulton, sold the silver business to one of his apprentices, Anthony Towle who later became famous as a silversmith. Cutting and Samuel Moulton moved to Parsonsfield, Maine and paid for thier land with 800 Spanish Milled dollars or pieces of eight, which the family had on hand as a supply of silver... or perhaps the Moultons were actually pirates?, MOWBRAY, MUNNINGS, MURE, MURRAY- Another prominent Scottish family dating back to Freskin, a Flemish settler in the days of King David I. Later generations were involved in the wars of Scottish Independance. One of the more interesting things is that William Murray was keeper of Doune Castle where much of "Monty Python and the Holy Grail" was filmed... so was Sir William one of the knights "who say NI?"... perhaps., MUSGRAVE- the Musgrave family originates during the reign of King Henry II. Later generations were involved in the wars with Scotland and Sir Thomas was Governor of Berwick Castle. The family tombs can be seen in the church of Kirkby Stephen. The Musgraves were the owners of the "Luck of Eden Hall", a goblet upon whose integrity the fate of the Musgrave family lies. Fortunately, the goblet is on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London... so it should be safe there. Sir Richard, tradition has it, killed the last wild boar on Wild Boar Fell and when his tomb in the Hartley Chapel was renovated in the 19th century a boar's tusk was found which is on display. Then there was Sir Edward whose daughter Elizabeth married John Nevill. After her death John married a lady named Catherine Parr... sound familiar? After John's death she married King Henry VIII as his sixth and last wife who was one of the few to outlive Bluff King Hal., MYRICK
NAMUR, NANSKEW, NASON, NEUMARCH, NEVILLE, NICKERSON, NORMANDY- Here lies the ancestry of the Dukes of Normandy beginning with Halfdan Olafsson, Jarl of Vestfold, Ringerike, Hadeland, and Oppland in the 8th century and continuing through a long line of Vikings and accounts of their exploits down to Hrolf Rangvaldsson or Rollo, who was the first Duke of Normandy in the early 10th century. Then follows William Longsword, Richard the Fearless, Richard the Good, Robert the Devil, to King William the Conqueror and then King Henry I and several of his numerous children. I think King Henry wins the prize for the ancestor with the most children... twenty six... wow!, NOYES, NUNAN- Another one of my favorite families beginning with Charles Nunan of Mallow, County Cork who came to Boston in 1835 and settled in Provincetown as a fisherman before moving to Kennebunkport, Maine in 1860. The Nunan Fishing Fleet was famous up and down the coast with stories of numerous ship wrecks. William Nunan died on a voyage off Cap Haitien. He had been a member of the 5th Maine Infantry during the Civil War and was at the Battle of Gettysburg on the side of Little Round Top, next to Joshua Chamberlain's 20th Maine. His son Howard was another sea captain and survived the wreck of the Mildred V. Nunan in 1912 and Bertha gave birth that same night to Uncle Nelson! The cove where she went down is still known as Mildred's Cove. Half hull models of the Mildred Nunan and the Elizabeth Nunan are in the George Owens collection at MIT. Howard and Bertha's grandson Norman continued the tradition and was in the Navy during WWII., NUTTER
O'BRIEN- The history of the Kings of Ireland makes for fascinating reading... the ancient bards of Ireland tracing their lineage back to Adam! The line from King Cathel of Thomond down seems more fact than myth... however, it is fun to see the line go from Adam to Noah to Milesius of Spain the mythical founder of Ireland which took place following the founding of the Temple of Jerusalem by King Solomon! Then down to the famous Brian Boru, the last true High King of Ireland, Toirrdelbach, and Muirchertach, Kings of Munster... enjoy their stories., OGILVIE, OLIPHANT, ORKNEY, OSGOOD
PAGE, PAGET, PALMER, PALSGRAVE, PANTOLF, PARSONS, PARTINGTON, PASSERIE, PEARL, PEPIN, PERKINS, PERRON, PETIT, PHILBRICK, PICKERING, PITRES, PLAISTED, PLANTAGENT- The house of Plantagenet contains some of the most interesting folks in English history starting with the Empress Matilda and her son Henry II, his son King John and the story of Magna Carta, then another Henry, followed by the Edwards, some of the earls of Norfolk, Lancaster, Leister and Derby as well as a King of Sicilly!, POHER, POOR, POWYS, PRENCE, PUTNAM
RANDOLPH, RAWSON, REED, RESKIMER, RESPRYN, RETHEL, RICHARDSON, RIDDLESDALE, RINGUET, RIVIERS, ROBERTS, ROGERS- We are related to two different Rogers families. George Rogers of Kittery, Maine who was an employee of John Winter at Richmond Island as early as 1639 and his son Richard who was a ships carpenter and died leaving a rather large estate for the times. The other Rogers family are descendants of William of Watford, Northamptonshire and whose grandson, Thomas, was a Mayflower passenger and died in the first sickness in 1621. His son Joseph was an early settler of Duxbury and then Eastham. He ran the ferry across the Jones River, charging a penny per passenger! His son, Joseph Jr., suffered from "a most deadly fall" on Christmas 1660 probably from a wrestling match with John Hawes., ROLLINS, RONDEAU, ROSS, ROY, ROYER, RUDD, RUMILLY, RUTHVEN- Another prominent Scottish family going back to the days of Swein, in the early 12th century. Later generations were involved in the wars for Scottish Independance. Sir William was made a Lord of Parliament under the title of Lord Ruthven in 1488. Another Sir William was Provost of Perth and an early supporter of the Reformation in Scotland.
SALISBURY, SARGENT, SAWYER, SAY, SCALES, SCAMMON Humphrey was an early settler of Saco, Maine and ran the ferry across the Saco River and also was "allowed to keep a publique house of Intertaynmnt". He and his family were captured by the Indians in 1703 and taken to Quebec. His son Samuel was taking his father and brother a mug of beer and saw the Indians and ran back to the house leaving the mug on the table... and when they returned from captivity the next year the mug was still on the table! Now the mug lives at the York Institute Museum., SCOTT, SCROB, SEGRAVE, SEISYLLWIG, SERRE, SETON, SEWALL Henry Sewall was a wealthy merchant and draper from Coventry as well as mayor. His son Henry emigrated to Rowley, Massachusetts and became deranged as he got older and was brought before the grand jury for various offences. His son, another Henry, moved to Newbury. His son Samuel was the famous diarist and chief justice in Boston. Another of Henry's sons, John, was the father of Hannah who married Samuel Moody who was the minister in York when the current church was built in the 1740's and they were the parents of "Hankerchief Moody", the subject of Hawthorne's story "The Minster's Black Veil". John was the father of another Samuel who was the father of yet another Samuel who was the famous furniture maker and inventor and builder of Sewall's Bridge in York, the first pile drawbridge, and also the father of judge David Sewall, member of the Provincial Congress, the Constitutional Convention and the Legislature., SHACKLEY, SHADE, SHAPLEIGH, SHAW, SHORTRIDGE, SINCLAIR, SNELL, SOAR, SPEAR, SPENCER, SPRAGUE, STACKPOLE- James Stackpole was abducted on the coast of Ireland by the British Navy and transported to this country before 1680 and sold as a servant. He kept an ordinary near the Old Fields cemetery in South Berwick, Maine and had a home in Rollinsford, New Hampshire which stills stands. His son John was a soldier at Winter Harbor and was captured by the Indians and taken to Canada and was ransomed the next year. He moved to Biddeford and had a garrison house there. His son John was also in the militia and an account of his daily activities on duty from July 1755 exists. His son James moved to Gardiner and then to Waterville where he was a trader. He was commissioned a captain by Gov. John Hancock in 1787. He kept a diary for years which is owned by the Waterville Historical Society. His daughter Abiah married Henry McCausland who subsequently went insane and murdered a woman in Gardiner., STANFORD, STANHOPE- The Stanhope family starts with Viking roots who settled in Normandy in the 9th century to Guillaume de Bec, founder of the family of Crespin. His son Crispin de Bec married a descendant of King Alfred the Great. Their grandson William was famous for his military abilities and after the Battle of Hastings was placed in charge of Harold's body to be buried under a pile of stones on the cliff overlooking the sea. William's various exploits make for interesting reading! In the 13th century Walter de Stanhope was the first to use that name. Further down the line was John de Stanhope who was M.P. and mayor of Newcastle as well as sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire... and survived the Black Death., STANWOOD, STARBUCK, STEVENS, STEVENSON, STEWART- The Lord High Stewards of Scotland who became kings. King James I who was murdered by Robert Graham, James II who was killed by an exploding cannon, James III who was murdered by a man disguised as a priest, and King James IV who was killed at the Battle of Flodden. There are also Lord Chamberlins of Scotland, the "Black Knight of Lorn", and the Earls of Menteith., STIRLING, St MARTIN, STOCKTON, STONE, STORER, STRATHBOGIE, STRACHCLYDE, STRONG- The Strongs were merchants and fishermen from Dorset who were early settlers in Newfoundland, Thomas being listed in the 1753 census for Trinity Bay with a wife, son, two daughters, 15 Irish servants, 2 boats, 1 skiff and 3 winter servants. His son John had an account with William Warn of Old Perlican from whom he purchased a "Blue Nap Weascoat", a gallon of molasses, two gallons of rum (on more than one occasion!). There is also the story of the brothers James, Henry and Nehemiah whose boat overturned in a storm in the North West Arm of Random Sound... "The men all died whilst clinging to the boat and then fell into the water where they wait for the resurrection Day... they prayed and sang hymes of praise through the long cold night." Only James' son Samuel survived. My grandmother's father, Joshua, was killed by a falling tree while logging, her mother dying of tuberculosis only a few years later. Grammie's step-father Stephen Bursey and her half-brother War Will were the lighthousekeepers on Old Perlican Island. And there is information on cousin Harry Strong who stills lives in Old Perlican and received the Order of Canada for his years of work with the Canadian Coast Guard. Congratulations Harry!, STRATHEARN, STURMER, SUDELEY, SURPLUS
TALBOT, TARRANT, TAYLOR, THEMBER, THOMPSON, THORNBURGH, TINTAGEL, TOSNY, TOTNES, TREGARICK, TREGOTHNAN, TREIAGO, TREMBLAY, TRENOWTH, TREVAILE, TREVANION, TREVILLE, TREWORGY, TROYES, TRUSSELL- The Trussell family appears in Essex in 1462 when John Thrustle has a feoffment concerning land in Sandon. The Trussells were farmers of some means living in the area of Runsell, Danbury, and Purleigh, Essex and owning many pieces of property there. Their wills make for interesting reading. John Thrussell was in court giving evidence against Richard Robinson for stealing "one open sowe pigge". Going down to James Trussell who was the schoolmaster in Purleigh and Burnham and his wife Lavinia the schoolmistress. Their son Edwin was a plumber, glazier and painter in Burnham. After his death his wife Susannah was working as a "sick nurse". Their daughter Lavinia married William Martin and emmigrated to Portland, Maine. Descendants of Lavinia's brother George still live in Burnham-on-Crouch., TURNER, TUROLD, TURPIN, TURVILLE, TWINING, TYNEDALE, TYNTON
WARDE, WARE, WARENNE, WARNER, WARREN, WATSON- Thomas was an early settler of Salem, his son John moving to Rowley by the 1660's. His son, another John, moved to Arundel where he kept a tavern and was a merchant on the Saco Road. John was of a great size and strength and was a trumpeter in the King's Service. In 1725 the Indians attacked his house and one of them partly forced his way through the door when John was trying to keep the door shut. One of his daughters took an axe to the Indian's leg and they retreated. His son had the interesting name of Shadrach., WATTS, WEARE- Peter Weare arrived in New England in 1638 and in the early years was a fur trapper and travelled up to Lake Winnesesaukee. By 1650 he settled in York, Maine by the Cape Neddick River where his descendants still live. Peter was always at odds with the authorities and was one of the principal men involved in the takeover of the province by Massachusetts. He signed the "govern or get out" petition to the General Court which was was an indictment of incompetency which led to the overthrow of the Royal Commissioners. Peter "who hath been a principal actor in all these disturbances" was arrested for circulating petitions and was "cast into prison where I found nothing but ye flore to ly upon". An armed delegation from the General Court then marched into York and took over control of the government. Capt. John Davis called him a "bare knave and cripell cur". Peter was commissioned Recorder, however, "in an age when spelling was largely a matter of personal choice his orthography was lamentable and his handwriting was worse then his spelling". Peter found himself in the York Gaol on several other occasions... once for beating Thomas Crowly. His marriage to Mary didn't go well either and in 1675 she was "liveing from her husband... be cause her husband was not willing to have her company". Peter was killed in the York Massacre in 1692. Mary lived until 1719... long enough to see a new Gaol built in York... next time you visit the Olde Gaol think about Peter., WEBSTER, WELLES, WELLINGTON, WELLS- Thomas was a physician from Colchester, Essex and one of the early settlers of Ipswich. His extensive will makes interesting reading. His son John moved to Wells, Maine where he owned a large amount of land. His wife Sarah in her will mentioned an extensive wardrobe for the time including a "black calaminco suit... black-blew searge pettycoat... silk crape suit... red and yellow under pettycoat... silk suit... striped calaminco suit and a striped calaminco gown and a black silk pettycoat". Their son John was a ship's captain as well as an innholder. He sailed out of Boston on the sloops "Adventure", "Union" and the "Endeavor". The inventory of his estate amounted to £2,000 including one slave valued at £100., WENTWORTH, WESSEX- This chapter gives the kings of the West Saxons starting with Cerdic who died in 534, then Cynric, Ceawlin, Cuthwine, Cutha Cathwulf, Ceolwald, Coenred, Ingild, Eoppa, Eafa, Ealhmund, Ecgberht, Aethelwolf, Aelfred the Great, Edward the Elder, Eadmund, Edgar the Peaceable, Aethelraed Unraed, Edmund Ironside, and Edward the Exile whose daughter, Saint Margaret, married King Malcolm of Scotland. Interesting lot., WHATLOCK, WHITTAKER- This is my mother's family who came from Lancashire. They lived in the city of Manchester and worked in the cotton mills in the 19th century and had jobs such as frame tender, spinner, piecer, and my favorite... knocker up. There is also information on life of the working class in Manchester at the time from Friedrich Engels book "The Condition of the Working Class in England" which is a cause for a sobering reflection on our family's plight., WHITGIFT, WILDES- John Wildes was an early settler of Topsfield and his wife, Sarah was one of the suspected witches hung in Salem in 1692. She was executed on 19 July along with Rebecca Nurse, Goody Good, Elizabeth Howe and Susanna Martin. Their grandson Samuel I suspect had enough of the crazyness in Salem and relocated to Arundel and was involved in the attack on Norridgewock against the French and Indians. His son, another Samuel was in the Revolutionary War. He is most famous for jumping into his canoe and paddling out to an English brig and schooner that had come into Cape Porpoise harbor and demanded that the English captain surrender the captured vessels and leave. He cursed the British and their cause and the English shot him in the knee. Many of the family were carpenters and ship builders. Bradbury Wildes built several houses in Kennebunkport as well as the Wildes District School. Bradbury and Ella ran a general store out of their home on the Wildes District Road., WILLIAMS, WILSON, WINGATE, WINGFIELD, WOLVEDON, WOODGATE, WOODMAN, WOODRUFFE, WOOLVETT, WORMEGAY, WORMWOOD- William was an early settler in Kittery and the Isles of Shoals, however was often in court for "improper dealings" with the sailors and being "a common swearer and turbulent person" and his wife Catherine in court for adultery for "living suspiciously together" with William James. Their son, another William, was a more upright citizen and was a constable in York. He was killed in an Indian attack in 1690. His son Thomas was at the wedding festivities of Hannah Wheelwright in 1712 when the Indians crashed the party and went off with the groom., WYETH, WYMAN
YOUNG- The Young family of York dates back to John Young who was a bailiff in Bristol in 1385. His son Thomas was a burgess, a prosperous merchant and mayor of Britol in the early 15th century. His son John moved to London were he was a member of the Grocer's Company and was Lord Mayor of London in 1471. The family fortunes faded and Gregory Young's widow Susan was described as "a poore pencioner who dwelte in the greene yeard at leaden hall her pitt in the S: yeard". Their son Capt. Thomas was the first explorer of the Kennebec River and was captured by the French. His son Rowland Young settled in York, Maine in 1636. His home was burned by the Indians in 1677. His son, another Rowland, was captured by French privateers off Boon Island. He was in court for swearing several sinful oaths, but was soon a deacon in the church! Oh, and Rowland is the ancestor of Brigham Young, one of the founders of the Mormon Church.