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MONTFORT

1. AMAURI de MONTFORT

m. BERTRADE

d. after 1052

"Almaricus miles de Monteforte" witnessed a charter from King Robert II of France confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Saint-Mesmin de Micy in 1022 and again in 1028.(1) Amaury began the construction of the castle of Montfort l'Amaury which was finished by his son.(2)

Amaury and Bertrade founded the priory of Saint-Thomas d'Epernon with the consent of their son Simon. The charter is dated to 1052/3.(3)

Issue-

  • 2I. SIMON- d. 25 Sept. 1087, bur. Epernon
  • II. Mainier- d. before 1091
  • III. Eva- m. William Crispin, d. 23 Jan. 1099, bur. Bec. Abbey

    Ref:

    (1) RHGF- Vol. X, pp. 604, 617
    (2) The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VII, appx d, p.708ff

    (3) Cartulaires de Saint-Thomas d´Epernon et de Notre-Dame de Maintenon, prieurés dépendant de l´abbaye de Marmoutier- A. Moutié, A. Dion, Eds, Rambouillet, 1878- Vol. I, p. 1


    2I. SIMON (AMAURI 1)

    m.1. Isabel Bardoul
    2. AGNES d'EVREUX- d. of Richard, Comte d'Evreux and Godechildis.
    d. 25 Sept. 1087, bur. Epernon

    Simon succeeded his father as Seigneur de Montfort and finished the construction of Montfort l'Amaury Castle. The castle was destroyed the the English during the Hundred Years' War.

    Ruins of Chateau Montfort l'Amaury- below is Maurice Ravel's home

    Issue- First three children by Isabel, last four by Agnes

  • I. Amauri- d.s.p. c.1089. Amaury was mortally wounded in combat against two knights while invading the lands of Guillaume de Breteuil.(1)
  • II. Isabel- m. Ralph de Toni (b. before 1030, d. 24 Mar. 1102, bur. Conches, Normandie), d. after 1102
  • III. William- d. 27 Aug. 1101, Bishop of Paris.
  • III. Richard- d.s.p. battle of Conches Nov. 1092
  • IV. Simon- d.s.p. c.1104
  • 3V. AMAURI- m. AGNES, d. after 1124
  • VI. Bertrade- m.1. Fulk, Count of Anjou (b.c.1042, m.1. Hildegarde de Baugency, 2. Ermengarde de Bourbon, 3. Orengarde de Chatel-Aillon, 4. _____ de Brienne, d. 14 Apr. 1109), 2. Philip I, King of France, d. 1116, bur. Priory Hautes-Bruyeres, Saint-Remy-l'Honoré, Yvelines

    Ref:

    (1) Oderic Vitalis- Vol. IV, book VIII, p. 201

    Domesday People - K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 1999- pp. 241, 338
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VII, appx d, p.708ff; XII/1, p.753ff


    3V. AMAURI (AMAURI 1, SIMON 2)

    m.1. c.1115, Richildis de Hainaut (divorced 1118)
    2. AGNES de GARLANDE- d. of Anseau de Garlande, Comte de Rochefort
    d. after 1136
    bur. Abbey of Haute-Bruyère

    Amaury was betrothed to Adeline de Meulan, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, Comte de Meulan and Earl of Leicester. Orderic Vitalis says that "various circumstances arose which prevented the marriage".(3) Amaury then married Richildis, however, they were divorced in 1118. The Chronicon Mauriniacensi states that "Stephanus Cancellarius" arranged the marriage of his granddaughter and Amauri de Montfort stating that the dowry was the honor of Rochefort.(4)

    Amauri inherited Evreux from his uncle William "Crespin", Comte d'Evreux who d.s.p. However, King Henry I "took the county of Evreux into his own hands because he had forfeited the king's favour by his effrontery."(1) Amaury led a rebellion and captured the town of Evreux. Henry laid siege to the castle, however, the two were reconciled by the king's nephew Thibaut, Comte de Blois.(2)

    Issue-

  • I. Amauri- d.s.p. 1140
  • 4II. SIMON- m. MAUD, d 13 Mar. 1181, bur. Evreux Cathedral
  • 6III. AGNES- m. WALERAN, Count of Meulan (b.1104, d.c. 10 Apr. 1166, bur. Preaux Abbey), d. 15 Dec. 1181

    Ref:

    (1) Orderic Vitalis- Vol. VI, book XI, p. 149
    (2) Ibid- book XII, p. 189
    (3) Ibid- book XI, p. 47
    (4) Ex Chronico Mauriniacensis- II in RHGF- vol. XII, p. 77

    Domesday People - K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 1999- p. 241
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VII, appx d, pp. 713-4


    4II. SIMON (AMAURI 1, SIMON 2, AMAURI 3)

    m. MAUD
    d. 13 Mar. 1181
    bur. Evreux Cathedral

    Simon was seigneur de Montfort and comte d'Evreux upon the death of his brother in 1140. Simon was a supporter of Henry II and during the war in 1159 between Henry and King Louis VII Simon gave his castles to King Henry and cut off Louis' communication with Orléans and Etampes.(1)

    Simon's marriage to Maud is confirmed by a charter from Feb. 1199 recalling a donation to the leprosery of Grand-Beaulieu near Chartres by "Simon iste comes Ebroicensis et Mahaudis uxor eius".(2)

    Issue-

  • I. Amauri- m.c.1170, Mabel FitzRobert (d. 1198), d. of William, Earl of Gloucester, d. 1191
  • II. Simon- m. Amice de Bellomont (d. 3 Sept. 1215), d. before 18 July 1188, bur. Haut-Bruyere
  • 5III. BERTRADE-b.c.1155, m. HUGH de KIVELIOC, Earl of CHESTER (b.1147 Kevelioc, Merioneth, d. 30 June 1181 Leeke, Suffolk, bur. Abbey of St. Weburgh, Chester), d. 1227

    Ref:

    (1) The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VII, appx d, pp. 715
    (2) Notre-Dame des Vaux de Cernay- Vol. I, p. 71, footnote 1

    Domesday People - K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 1999- p. 241
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VII, appx d, pp. 713-4; III, pp.166-70; IV, p. 196; VI, p. 647
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http:www.tim.ukpub.net



    1. RALPH the STALLER, Earl of Norfolk

    b. before 1011
    m. ______- sister of Godwin of Norfolk
    d.c.1070

    Ralph may have the the "Radulphus Anglicus" who witnessed charters of Alain, Duke of Brittany in 1032. The Chronicon Centulense calls him "un noble, breton d'origine".(1) Ralph was staller or constable for Edward the Confessor and as dapifer he witnessed a charter to King Edward in 1060.

    Edward the Confessor

    Ralph owned held considerable property in Norfolk in Suffolk either through grants from the crown or perhaps through his wife's family. He was Seigneur de Gaël in Brittany and William the Conqueror made him Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk in 1067.(2) King William also granted him and his son Ralph, a charter confirming his donations to Saint-Riquier.(3)

    Issue-

  • 2I. RAOUL/RALPH- m. EMMA FitzOSBERN, d. before July 1098 while on the Crusade
  • II. Hardouin- Hardoin, brother of Earl Ralph, is listed in Domesday Book as holding land in Suffolk.
  • III. Alsi- Alsi, as a descendant (nepos) of Earl Ralph is also listed in Domesday as a landholder in Suffolk.

    Ref:

    (1) Chronicon Centulense ou Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, traduction d'Hariulfe par le Marquis Le Ver (Abbeville)- E. Prarond, Ed., 1899- IV, XXIII, p. 252.
    (2) The Complete Peerage- St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. IX, p. 568-71
    (3) Saint- Riquier Chartulary- Vol. IV, book XXIV, p. 255

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- pp. 1119-20
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    2I. RAOUL/RALPH de MONTFORT, SEIGNEUR de MONTFORT et GAEL (RALPH 1)

    m.1075 Exning, Cambridgeshire EMMA Fitz OSBERN- d. of William FitzOsbern, Earl of Hereford and Adelisa de Tosni
    d. before July 1098 while on the Crusade

    Ralph de Gwadyr was Earl of the East Angles and inherited the Breton barony of Gael or Gwadyr which was made up of over forty parishes. He was made Earl of Norfolk by King William in 1070.(1)

    Emma's brother William evidently arranged her marriage to Ralph against the wishes of King William in 1074.(5) Ralph evidently conspired against King William in 1074 (was his marriage to Emma that much of a problem?) and he escaped to Denmark in search of help and returned with 200 ships under Cnut, son of King Swend, and Jarl Hakon but they left for Flanders before joining the battle. Emma held Ralph's castle during his rebellion, but, was given safe conduct to leave England.(2) He was deprived of all his lands and earldom in England and returned to Brittany where he remained Seigneur de Gaël.(3)

    Florence of Worcester states that he and his wife both went with Robert, Duke of Normandy on the First Crusade and both died there.(4)

    Issue-

  • I. William- d.s.p.
  • 3II. RAOUL/RALPH-
  • III. Alain- Alain went with his father on the First Crusade.

    Ref:

    (1) Orderic Vitalis- Vol. II, book IV, p. 265
    (2) Florentii Wigornensis Manachi Chronicon- p. 10; Anglo-Saxon Chronicle- D and E (1076)
    (3) Orderic Vitalis- Vol. II, book IV, p. 319
    (4) Florentii Wigornensis Manachi Chronicon- p. 10
    (5) Ibid

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press
    The Complete Peerage- St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VI, p. 449; VII, pp. 521ff; IX, p. 571-4
    Domesday People- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 1999- pp. 487-8
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- p. 999
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    3I. RAOUL/RALPH (RALPH 1, RALPH 2)

    d. after 1118

    Raoul or Ralph was seigneur of Montfort and Gael upon the death of his brother. He also received Breteuil in 1119.

    Amice's marriage was arranged by King Henry I after she had been betrothed to his son Richard who had drowned in 1120.(1)

    Issue-

  • 3I. AMICE- m. ROBERT de BEAUMONT (b. 1104, d. 5 Apr. 1168)

    Ref:

    (1) Orderic Vitalis- Vol. VI, book XII, p. 331

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press
    The Complete Peerage- St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VI, p. 643; VII, pp. 521ff; IX, p. 574; XIV, p. 395
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net



    1. HENRY de MONTFORT

    d. before 1130

    Burke's states that Henry was the son of Thurstan who was a younger son of Hugues de Montfort-sur-Risle and succeeded his brother Robert de Montfort when he d.s.p., however, I cannot find any contemporary sources to show this link. There is a Thurstan de Mundford who was one of Henry, Earl of Warwick's barons and witnessed one of the earl's charters to Abingdon which is dated before 1097. Some suggest that Henry's son Thurstan was the son of Hugh de Montfort and Adeline de Beaumont, and grandson of Gilbert de Gent and Alice de Montfort, however, I can find no sources for that either.

    The Complete Peerage states:

    "The ancestry of this family cannot be given any certainty. The only place in Normandy named Montfort is Montfort-sur-Risle. Miles Crispin, in his "Life of William", the third abbot of Le Bec, thus describes the abbot's origin: "Willelmus, nobli Northmanorum prosapia originem trabens, in veteri castro super Rislam quid dicitur Montfortis, claris parentibus est exortus. Pater ejus Turistinus, mater Albereda dicebatur, Rogerii de Bellomonte patris Roberti comitis ex sorore neptis." At the time of the abbot's birth (circa 1054) the seigneur of Montfort was Hugh, but the language used suggests that Thurstan was a member of that family, the more so as he bore the same name as its founder, Thurstan de Bastenbourg. Roger de Beaumont was father of Henry, 1st Earl of Warwick, who would thus be Thurstan's first cousin by marriage; Montfort-sur-Risle is about 15 miles distant from Beaumont-le-Roger. The repeated occurrence of the name Thurstan among the Montforts of Beaudesert, undertenants of the Earls of Warwick, taken in conjunction with the above facts, points to somewhat strongly to the probability of their being a younger branch of the family of Montfort-sur-Risle."(1)

    Henry held the Mowbray fees in Warkwickshire before 1114.

    Issue-

  • I. Robert- d.s.p. before 1141
  • 2II. THURSTAN- m. JULIANA MURDAC, d. after 1170
  • III. Henry- d. before 1170

    Ref:

    (1) The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. IX, p. 120 footnote b

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- p.596
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    2II. THURSTAN (HENRY 1) of Beaudesert, Warwickshire

    m. JULIANA MURDAC- d. of Geoffrey de Murdac of Broughton, Westmorland.
    d. after 1170

    Thurstan succeeded his brother by 1141 when Empress Maud granted him a charter to hold a market every Sunday at his castle of Beaudesert, next to Henley-in-Arden. The castle was a fortified Norman castle of wood and stone built on a hill known as "the Mount". His name appears as a witness to several charters for the earls of Warwick to the College of Warwick.

    In 1156 Thurstan owed the king 20 marks for his land in Rutland. In 1166 he held 10 1/4 knight's fees of the Earls of Warwick (Beaudesert), 3 3/4 in Yorkshire from Roger de Mowbray, and 1/4 (Henley-in-Arden) from Robert de Stafford. Juliana brought Great Ayton and other lands in Yorkshire in dower.

    After his brother's death he confirmed a grant of the lands of Wing to Thorney Abbey for the souls of himself, his wife and children and for his brother Robert. He made a gift to Guisborough for the soul of his brother Henry.

    Thorney Abbey- c.1764

    Issue-

  • I. Robert- m. Alice de Harecourt (d. after 1185), d.s.p. before 1185
  • 3II. HENRY- m. EMMA CORBUCION, d.c.1199
  • III. Juliana- m. Robert de Deiville (d. before 2 Apr. 1201), d. after Aug. 1202

    Ref:

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- p.597
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol.IX, pp.120-1
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    3II. HENRY (HENRY 1, THURSTAN 2)

    m. EMMA CORBUCION/CORBERT- d. of Peter Corbet of Studley, Warwickshire
    d.c.1199

    Henry succeeded his brother Robert who d.s.p. by 1185. He and Robert's widow, Alice de Harecourt, granted Charlcote which was confirmed by Richard the Lionhearted. He gave land in Beaudesert to Reinbald de Charlecote, the mill in Henley in Arden to the monks of Conches for the souls of his father Thurstan and his mother Juliane, and the land and mill of Beaudesert to his younger son Thurstan. Henry had died by the spring of 1199 when his heir was in the King's hand and his widow was sommoned to Westminster to answer as to whether or not certain disputed lands were part of her marriage portion.

    Issue-

  • 4I. THURSTAN- b.c.1184, m. _____ de CANTELUPE, d. before 21 Nov. 1216

    Ref:

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- pp. 250, 597-8
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol.IX, pp.121-2
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    4I. THURSTAN (HENRY 1, THURSTAN 2, HENRY 3)

    b.c.1184
    m. ______ de CANTELUPE, d. of William, Lord of Cantelupe and Mesceline de Braci
    d. before 21 Nov. 1216 Beaudesert, Warwick

    Thurstan was a minor at his father's death. In 1205 the king took his homage and gave him his land on condition that he demised it for two years to William de Cauntelo. In the summer of 1206 he was overseas on the king's service. In 1209 Thurstan demanded a moiety of the town of Langton against Eustace de Vescy as his right and inheritance, taking vestures to the value of 100/. This land passed from Geoffrey Murdac to Juliana his daughter, who held that land as her resonable share which belonged to her, and from Juliana to Robert her son, and from Robert to Henry, brother of the said Robert and father of said Thurstan, and from him to Thurstan.(1) In 1210 he was serving in Ireland and in 1214 he was excused the scutage of Poitou as he fought himself. He seems to have joined the rebellion against John and in March 1216 had letters of safe conduct on coming to the king.

    Issue-

  • 5I. PIERS- m. ALICE de AUDLEY (d. after 1265), d. 4 Aug. 1265 Evesham

    Ref:

    (1) Rolls of Fine- 346 given in Early Yorkshire Charters- Vol. II, p. 358

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- pp.597-8
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol.IX, pp.121-3
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    5I. PIERS (HENRY 1, THURSTAN 2, HENRY 3, THURSTAN 4)

    m. ALICE de AUDLEY (d. after 4 Aug. 1265)- d. of Henry de Audley and Bertred de Mainwaring
    killed at the battle of Evesham, Worcestershire 4 Aug. 1265

    Piers had a charter from King Henry III to hold a weekly market and a yearly fair at the Feast of St. Giles. Piers de Montfort, Lord of Beaudesert of Preston, Co. Rutland, was a guardian of the truce with France and a baron at the Council of Twenty-four in 1258. He was the earliest recorded person who was presiding officer of the Commons or Prolocutor, today his office is held by the Speaker of the House of Commons.

    Site of Beaudesert Castle

    In reprisal for Pier's part in the Baron's revolt the town of Henley and the castle were burned down. For an interesting article about the castle go to: http://www.henley-in-arden.org/castle.html

    Issue-

  • 6I. PIERS- m. MAUD de la MARE, d. before 4 Mar. 1287
  • II. Robert- m. Pernel de Dunstanville, d. Aug. 1274 Beaudesert, Warwick

    Ref:

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- pp.597-8
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol.IX, pp.121-6
    The History of the Barrington Family- William Clayton, G. Alan Lowndes, Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, 1876- Vol.I, p.253
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    6I. PIERS (HENRY 1, THURSTAN 2, HENRY 3, THURSTAN 4, PIERS 5)

    m. MAUD de la MARE
    d. before 4 Mar. 1287

    The Death of Simon de Montfort- Battle of Evesham

    In April 1264 Piers along with his father and brother Robert, were captured at Northampton and imprisoned for a short time in Windsor Castle. In June he had custody of Rockingham Castle for a short time and he was forbidden to take part in a tournament at Dunstable in Feb. 1265. Piers fought with his father at Evesham for Simon de Montfort and was wounded and taken prisoner. On 28 June 1267 having "appeased the king's indignation and rancour of mind" he was pardoned for all trespasses at the time of the revolt and recovered part of his father's lands.

    Merton College- Oxford University

    In 1268 he gave the advowson of Ponteland, Northumberland, which his father had bought, to his friend Walter de Merton for his new college at Oxford and a grant of £50 per annum was renewed to him. In Feb. 1272 he had a safe-conduct for going on a pilgrimage to Santiago and he went again in Jan. 1275. He also granted the manor of Greetham to the Bishop of Durham for a hospital for the sick and poor.

    In Nov. 1276 he was one of the barons at a council at Westminster concerned with Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, and Welsh affairs and in Feb. of the following year he went to Wales on the king's service and again in Apr. 1282. He was going overseas in Jan. 1278 and in 1281.

    In 1280 he granted to Queen Eleanor the marriage of his eldest son. In June 1281 a market and fair was granted to him at Uppingham.

    Issue-

  • I. Elizabeth- m.1. Sir William Montacute, Lord Montacute (d. 18 Oct. 1319 Gascony), 2. Sir Thomas de Furnivalle (d. before 18 Apr. 1332), d. Aug. 1354, bur. Priory of St. Frideswide (Christ Church), Oxford
  • 7II. JOHN- b.c.1263, m. ALICE de la PLAUNCHE (d. after 1303), d. before 11 May 1296
  • III. Alice- m.1. Warin de L'Isle (d. before 7 Dec. 1296), 2. Sir Robert FitzWalter (b. 1247 Henham, d. 18 Jan. 1326)

    Ref:

    Dictionary of National Biography- Leslie Stephen, Ed., Oxford University Press-
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. VIII, p. 71; IX, pp.75, 82, 127; IV, p. 93ff; XI, p. 373ff
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


    7II. JOHN (HENRY 1, THURSTAN 2, HENRY 3, THURSTAN 4, PIERS 5, PIERS 6)

    b.c.1263
    m. ALICE de la PLAUNCHE (d. after 1303), d. of William de la Plaunche
    d. before 11 May 1296

    Market Place and the Old Market Cross- photo prior to 1894

    After the destruction of the town by the Royalists after the Baron's Revolt the town of Henley did recover and by 1296 was called a borough and became an important market town. The remains of the Market Cross is still to be seen in the old Market Place, although the old Market Hall was torn down in 1793. Proclamations have been made from the Cross for centuries and declarations of national importance are still made from the Cross. Oddly, the town didn't have a church of its own and had to worship at Wootton Wawen. The people of Henley were finally able to built a "Chapel at Ease" to the mother church at Wootton Wawen in 1367.(1)

    John's father Piers probably rebuilt the castle on "the Mount" which passed to John's son Piers and after his death in 1370 passed to the Earl of Warwick and the castle then went into decline and was not mentioned by the survey of 1547.

    Issue-

  • I. John- killed Battle of Bannockburn, 24 June 1314
  • II. Piers- d.s.p. Jan. 1370
  • III. Elizabeth- m. Baldwin de Frevil
  • 8IV. MAUD- m. BARTHOLOMEW de SUDELEY (d. before 1326), d. 2 Oct. 1326

    Ref:

    (1) The Story of St. Johns Parish Church, Henley-in-Arden and St. Nicholas Church, Beaudesert at: http://www.henley-in-arden.co.uk/our-town/brief-history/

    The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619- William Camden, Harleian Society, 1877- p. 56
    Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families- Douglas Richardson, Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore, 2005- p. 794
    The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol.IX, pp.75, 128; XII, p. 417
    Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net


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