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MENTEITH

1. MURDOCH-

The Port of Menteith

Muireadhach was the first recorded Mormaer of Menteith and is mentioned in the chartulary of Dumfermline in the beginning of the reign of David I who ascended the throne in 1124.

Issue-

  • 2I. GILCHRIST-

    Ref:

    "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880


    2I. GILCHRIST (MURDOCH 1)

    d. by 1189

    Gille Críst was mentioned in a charter from Malcolm IV to the Scone Monastery in 1164 and was witness to several charters by William the Lion from 1175 to 1178 as well as one granting privideges to the new burgh of Glasgow.

    Issue-

  • I. Muireadhach Mór-
  • 3II. MUIREADHACH ÓG-
  • II. EVA- m. ALWIN LENNOX (d. before 1217)

    Ref:

    The Scots Peerage- James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904-1925- Vol. VI, p. 132
    Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages- John Robert, Edinburgh, 1997- p. 52ff
    "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880


    3I. MAURITIUS (MURDOCH 1, GILCHRIST 2)

    Muireadhach Óg was the 3rd Earl of Menteith and Vicecomes of Stirling. He gained the Mormaerdom by challenging the rights of his elder brother Muireadhch Mor. The case went to arbitration and King William the Lion decided in favor of Muireadhch Og. On 13 Dec. 1213 Muireadhach Mor resigned the Mormaerdom and took lesser lands and titles in compensation.

    Muireadhach Óg was one of seven mormaers at the coronation of King Alexander II in Dec. 1214 and accompanied the king in the funeral cortege for King William the Lion. In 1224 he appears on a charter issued at Stirling granting rights to Paisley Abby. In a document he is referred to as Sheriff of Stirling.

    Issue-

  • I. Isabel- m.1. before 3 Feb. 1231 Walter Comyn (d. 1258), 2. Sir John Russell
  • 4II. MARY- m. WALTER STEWART

    Ref:

    The Scots Peerage- James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904-1925- Vol. VI, p. 132
    Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages- John Robert, Edinburgh, 1997- p. 52ff "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880


    4II. MARY (MURDOCH 1, GILCHRIST 2, MAURITIUS 3)

    m. WALTER STEWART (d.c.1294)

    Walter was called "Baillock" or "the freckled". He was the third son of the 3rd High Steward of Scotland (see Stewart).

    After the death of King Alexander II he was one of the Durward faction and in 1255 secured the young King and Queen but was not allowed to be part of the government at this point in time.

    By his marriage to the Countess' younger sister he laid claim to the Earldom and by favor of the Estates of the Realm obtained it in 1258. He was certainly using the title of "comes", earl, before 17 Apr. 1261 when he witnessed a grant to Paisley Abbey. Mary's sister Isabella was arrested with her new husband John Russell for poisoning her first husband Walter Comyn.

    In 1262 Dughall MacSuibhne granted the lands of Skipnish, Killislate and Kilcalmonell to Walter. Walter then granted the church of Kilcalmonell to the monks of Paisley and granted churches in Knapdale to Kilwinning Abbey.

    Kilcalmonell Kirk

    Walter, by then Sheriff of Ayr, fought under his brother Alexander, Lord High Steward at the battle of Largs on 30 Dec. 1263 against King Haakon IV of Norway. The Viking fleet was anchored off Largs and a storm struck. Haakon's troops were attacked as they came ashore which forced them back into their sinking galleons. King Haakon was wounded and died of his wounds on the Isle of Orkney. Today Largs has a Viking Centre with exhibits, entertainment and activities and there is a Viking Festival every year in the summer. Check out Largs' web site at: www.largs.co.uk

    The "Pencil Monument" commemorating the Battle of Largs- built 1912

    The Vikings have Landed!

    Walter supposedly went on the Third Crusade in 1270 commanded by St. Louis of France, however there is no certain evidence for this. He was Sheriff of Dumbarton in 1271.

    The Third Crusade- Image from a history of Saint Louis- c.1280

    He witnessed the marriage contract between Princess Margaret and Eric II, King of Norway on 25 July 1281 and he and his wife went with the Princess to Norway. On 5 Feb. 1283/4 at the Parliament at Scone he acknowledged Margaret of Norway as Queen upon Alexander's death.

    In 1282 King Edward pressed King Alexander III into encouraging William Comyn and his wife to pursue the earldom. At a Parliament at Scone the earldom was divided in half with Water retaining the title and half the territory and William Comyn the other half.

    Alexander III died in 1286 and young Margaret, the Maid of Norway, was heiress to the crown. Walter was at Brigham in March 1289/0 where the marriage of Queen Margaret to Prince Edward of England was agreed upon. Her unfortunate death led to a scramble for the crown and in 1292 Walter was one of the nominees on the part of de Brus the competitor for the Scottish crown. He swore allegience to Edward I 13 June 1292 and was present when Baliol paid homage to Edward 20 Nov. 1292. Walter was summoned to attend the King into France 1 Sept. 1294 but was already dead or died soon after.

    Tomb of Mary and Walter Menteith at Inchmahome Priory

    Inchmahome Priory

    Issue-

  • I. Alexander- m. Maud ______, d. before 1320, 6th Earl of Menteith
  • 5II. JOHN- of Rusky & Knapdale. d.c.1323
  • 6III. ______- m. JOHN de DROMUND

    Ref:

    The Scots Peerage- James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904-1925- Vol. VI, p. 132ff
    "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880


    5II. JOHN (MURDOCH 1, GILCHRIST 2, MAURITIUS 3, ______ 4)

    d.c.1323

    John of Ruskie, Stirlingshire assumed the name of Menteith, but kept the Stewart arms.

    Sir John "the false Menteith" on 9 Aug. 1297, was released from an English prison provided that he serve with the English against the French.

    From 1305 until 1307 he was appointed keeper of Dumbarton castle by King Edward. John has become infamous as he betrayed Sir William Wallace into the hands of the English having captured him while asleep at the house of Ralph Rae at Glasgow having discovered his route of retreat through information from his servant Jack Short. Wyntoun states:

    "Schyre Jhon of Menteith in tha days
    Tuk in Glasgow William Walays
    And sent hym untill Ingland sune,
    There was he quartayrd and undone."(1)

    John Leland in his Scala Chronica states:

    William Walleys was taken of the Counte of Menteith, about Glasgow, and sent to King Edward, and after was hanged, drawn, and quartered at London

    Head of the "Fause Menteith" on the guard house at Dumbarton Castle

    So, keep John, the "Fause Menteith" in mind the next time you watch "Braveheart".

    John was "custos comitatus" of Menteith in 1320 when he signed the letter to the Pope asserting Scottish independence, defending the right of their king and seeking the Pontiff's support on behalf of peace with England. In June 1323 he was one of the commissioners of the treaty of Berwick which lasted for 13 years and under which England recognized Scottish independance.(2) So perhaps the Fause Menteith redeemed himself after all?

    Issue-

  • I. Joanna- m.c.1323, Malise, 7th Earl of Strathearn (m.1. ?), d.s.p.
  • II. Helena- m. Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow
  • III. ______- m. Maurice Buchanan of Buchanan
  • IV. Walter- killed by John and Maurice Drummond
  • 7V. JOHN- m. ELYNE of MARR
  • VI. ______-

    Ref:

    (1) Wyntoun's "Metrical Chronicle", 1418
    (2) Fordun- book II, p.243

    The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain & the United Kingdom- G.E. Cokayne, Ed., Vol. XII, part 2, p. 385
    The Scots Peerage- James Balfour Paul, Ed., 1904-1925- Vol. VI, p. 132; VIII, p. 251
    "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880


    7V. JOHN (MURDOCH 1, GILCHRIST 2, MAURITIUS 3, ______ 4, JOHN 5)

    m. ELYNE, d. of Gratney, Earl of Marr

    Sir John was lord of Arran, Skipworth, Knepdale and Strathgratney.

    Issue-

  • 8I. CHRISTIAN- m. Sir EDWARD KEITH
  • II. John- of Strathgartney

    Ref:

    "The Scottish Nation"- William Anderson, A. Fullarton & Co., Edinburgh, 1880

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