1686 ~ 1735
Likeness of James Maddox, inn-keeper and gentleman, dressed in formal attire, including a short
Our next grandfather, James Maddox/Maddocke, was born in the British colony of Maryland in America. His birth year was 1686. He was apparently named after his maternal grandfather, James Smallwood.
Proof of parentage is strong circumstantial. On Nov. 18, 1744, after James' death, his half-sister Ann Taylor gave the names of her Maddox brothers in a court document. James was not included, having died. Therefore, it is primarily James' age and location in Charles Co., MD, at Port Tobacco that leads me to believe he was son of Cornelius.
About the time James was born, there began a settlement in Charles County called Chandler Town. Chandler Town was on both the Portobacco Creek/Branch and the Potomac River which emptied into Chesapeake Bay which emptied into the Atlantic Ocean.
Portobacco Branch of the Potomac River
About 1710, James married a young lady named Mary. We have not located his marriage license. Perhaps he married out of the state or in another county. Weddings were nearly always at the bride's home.
In 1712, son Notley was born. He would later marry Elizabeth Martin. I doubt he was named after Thomas Notley since he was governor of Maryland over 30 years before, and before James was born. My guess is that he was named for another Notley Maddox in adjoining St. Marys Co., MD, nearby ~ Samuel Maddox's son (1672-1716) or grandson (1697-1757). The two families probably knew each other. Or perhaps James just liked the name Notley.
In 1714 daughter Elizabeth was born. In 1716 son Walter was born.
Around 1720 two more sons were born, mentioned in James' estate settlement, but not by name.
In 1724 another war with the Indians occurred, this time in Maine. It was called Father Rasle's War because his death was the precipitating factor. It lasted two years. People in Maryland continued to be cautious and try to maintain friendly relations with the Indians near them. This was the only war in James' lifetime. But for his children it would be entirely different.
On December 20, 1727, a new town was laid out and registered on three acres adjoining Chandler Town. By this time, Chandler Town's buildings were deserted and proper ownership of lots dubious and fuzzy. Had there been a plague of some kind which made people temporarily leave? The new town lots were priced at 2,000 pounds of tobacco each. Even then, sometimes people still called it Chandler Town. The new town was officially designated Charles Town.
The following year on October 10, 1728, the Maryland General Assembly determined to build a courthouse and prison "at a place on the east side of the head of Portobacco Creek in Chandler Town." James Maddox was high bidder. He purchased the old courthouse and prison on three acres of land for 1505 pounds of tobacco. The transaction was recorded May 13, 1731 in Charles Co. Court Proceedings, and reprinted in Vol. 545, Pg. 69, "Maryland General Assembly Minutes."
On October 13, 1729, James Maddocks purchased Lot #62 in Chandler Town/Charles Town. He was an inn keeper, and undoubtedly built a new inn there. It likely looked similar to the Stanley-Whitman house in nearby Connecticut built about the same time.
Later that year, James became the administrator for the will of Thomas Golye or Goyle. John Butts was co-administrator. Was Thomas Golye/Goyle James' father-in-law?
On August 12, 1730 the new courthouse was completed and moved into. Apparently James had been renting the old courthouse back to the justices. The following year on May 14, James Maddock sold his 3 acres for 300 pounds of tobacco, reserving the rights of timber and other materials salvaged from the old courthouse. Perhaps the low price (he'd paid 2,000 lbs of tobacco for it originally) also included the purchaser's labor of tearing the building down.
On May 6, 1732, James Maddocke purchased lot #61 in Charles Town, next to lot #62 which he'd bought in 1729. Undoubtedly he expanded his inn, possibly with lumber from the old courthouse.
James was also a gentleman plantation owner. "Bachelor's Hope" was at Port Tobacco Eastside. "Thompson's Hope" was at Newport. (Bachelor, by the way, at that time meant farmer.) Yes, by this time, the town had gone through a third and final name change to Port Tobacco, a variation of the Indian name of the NW branch of the Potomac River.
In 1733 James was taxed on his two plantations, and for two taxables ~ himself and son Notley who had just turned 21.
On March 11 of that year, James Maddox was testator for the will of John Eburnathy of Charles Co., MD. Wife was Ann. Other names were Robert Hanson, Alexander Adair, Bartholomew Anderson. Two years later in 1735, James Maddock served as a surety in the estate settlement of John Hopewell. Other names were Dane Stuard, John Glover, Ann Hall, Samuel Hanson, and Frances Ware.
On May 6, after an illness attended by Dr. Brown, James Maddox, inn keeper and gentleman plantation owner, died. Walter and Notley Maddox were named as kin, and Mary Maddox his administrator. Sureties were John Marten, Sr, and Alexander Smith Hawkins.
On June 16, the names of 14 people who James' estate owed money to was recorded at the courthouse. Of those, one was son Notley.
On March 4, 1740, an accounting was filed on James estate. James surely had been an easy-going person or a bad businessman, for there were 72 people who owed money to his estate. I have not seen this accounting. Perhaps there were 72 people who attended the sale of his estate, in which case he had a large and successful business. He owed only ten people by then, one being his doctor.