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George Maddox
c. 1745 ~ c. 1802

I think this photo might be close to what George Maddox looked like, with our typical long pointed nose, high cheek bones & dark hair.  And trousers were now replacing hose of earlier generations.

  Our grandfather, George Maddox, was apparently the youngest-born son of Notley, born in the same area that his gr gr grandfather immigrated from England to  ~ Charles Co., MD ~ and where the family had remained now into the fifth generation.   George was our family's Revolutionary War hero.

     This is the first generation of our family to change the spelling from Maddocks to Maddox, and it happened in Virginia.  Perhaps it is because there were also descendants of immigrant Alexander Maddux there and that family spelled it with an x, albeit ux, not ox.  I do not know who he married, but she may have been a Baylor or Smallwood.  His great grandfather Cornelius had married a Smallwood; and George served in the Revolutionary War under General Smallwood.  He named a probable son Smallwood and another one Baylor.

     The first evidence we find of him is in the 1775 Oath of Fidelity to America.  On the brink of declaring the American colony a nation independent of Great Britain, the founding fathers needed to know how many were in favor of this break from the mother country.  Below you will see George, his father Notley, and his brothers along with other Maddoxes in Charles Co., MD.  George was probably in his late 20s.

DURHAM PARISH
Lower Hundred
Notley
GEORGE
James of Notley
Notley  Jr
William
Townley
William
Edward
Rhody

DURHAM PARISH
Bryantown Hundred
Notley
Ignatius
James Jr.
Jonathan
Nathan

East Hundred
Cornelius
Henry

   In 1776 the Revolutionary War of Independence began.  I have not found him in any muster lists until July 27, 1781, when he was recruited by Francis Ware to serve under Col. John H. Stone in a Maryland regiment.  His letter to Col. Stone reads in part:

Port Tobacco, 2nd Sept., 1781
Dear Col
    
The enclosed are Exact Lists of the droughts [drafts] and Substitutes draughted &c for this County the present year.  I Judge you Will be amazed to See Such a number Discharged, therefore have Noted against their Respective Names the Causes that Rendered it Necessary.  There are Also Several that are So debilitated by Sickness that they are Not able to March at present, and a few Sculkers that I have Not been able as yet to git hold off  tho have made use of the most probable means for that purpose and hope in a few days to accomplish it.  Please Lay the Lists Before the Honorable the Governor and Council and Oblige
                         Dr Sir
                                     Your Respectfull Huml Servt
                                                                                         Frans Ware

                         To Col John H Stone     Annapolis

   These troops were serving under General Smallwood.  [Citation:  Muster Rolls and other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Vol. 18, Pgs. 376, 377, 410, "Archives of Maryland Online"]  At a later date, I will trace the movements of this Maryland Regiment in the Revolutionary War.

     We do know George served before this, because on April 6, 1781 the Council of Maryland was requested to pay "William Neale, David Davis, George Maddux, John Boswell each eleven pounds one shilling and eight pence."  And a Draught [draft] was requested for "Zachariah Posey a Draught from Charles County 2d June 1781.  Roger Posey 11 June ~ John Boswell, George Maddux and David Davis 27 July ~ and William Neale a substitute 27 July to serve till the 10th December having served the term aforesaid as is represented by General Smallwood are hereby Discharged."  {You will notice family names that accompanied the Maddoxes to Virginia later on.}  [Citation:  As above, Vol. 48, Pgs. 122, 123, 569]

     On Saturday, Aug. 18, 1781, George Maddox and several others received eighteen shillings pay
"of the Bills emitted under the Act for the Emission of Bills of Credit not exceeding 200,000 pounds &c of the money appropriated for the present Campaign due them for rations per Accounts passed by the Aud. Genl."

Uniforms of General Smallwood's Maryland Regiment.

   In 1781 the war was over and England ceded the American colony to rule itself and be a nation unto itself.  Old uniforms were discarded, and men went back to their families with a new pride and appreciation for what they had, including their new freedom. 

     In the 1783 tax list of Charles Co., MD, there were many Maddoxes, including one named after their  grandfather, Cornelius.  George is on the list for District 7 on page 7.  His father and brothers are in District 6.  The entire list can be seen in the story of George's father, Notley Maddox, on this website.

[Citation:  Maryland State Archives, Maryland Indexes, Assessment of 1783, Index Charles County MSA S 1437 http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/msa/stagser/s1400/s1437/html/1437ch.html]

    The next mention of George is in his deceasesd father's estate inventory wherein Henry and George Maddocke were listed as Notley Maddocke's next of kin.  His mother Elizabeth and brother Notley were appointed administrators of the estate.  His brother James had moved to Goochland Co., VA, around 1779 and appointed someone to represent him in the estate settlement.

     Probably brother James went up to Maryland for the funeral.  While there he must have talked of his move to Virginia where the land was fertile and there was much available.  George "caught the bug" and decided to move on to Virginia too.  He settled in Fauquier Co.  It was not too far from his childhood home of Charles Co., MD, or from his brother, James, in Goochland Co., VA. 

    The next mention of George is in his deceasesd father's estate inventory wherein Henry and George Maddocke were listed as Notley Maddocke's next of kin.  His mother Elizabeth and brother Notley were appointed administrators of the estate.  His brother James had moved to Goochland Co., VA, around 1779 and appointed someone to represent him in the estate settlement.

     Probably brother James went up to Maryland for the funeral.  While there he must have talked of his move to Virginia where the land was fertile and there was much available.  George "caught the bug" and decided to move on to Virginia too.  He settled in Fauquier Co.  It was not too far from his childhood home of Charles Co., MD, or from his brother, James, in Goochland Co., VA. 

   Around 1783, George showed up in Fauquier Co., VA, in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and bordered on the south by the Rappahannock River.  There seemed to have been a number of Charles Co. residents who crossed the Patomoc River and moved there at that time.  The General Assembly of VA representative in Fauquier Co., gave him one certificate for providing supplies to the continental army toward the end of the war.  I do not know yet what he gave him?, but he was awarded one certificate by the local court for doing so.  [Source:  Library of Virginia Public Service depository, Claims, Fauquier Co. pg. 15]

     I believe that George Maddox might have been a county judge (like a county commisioner) of Fauquier Co., VA.  On June 1, 1785, George witnessed the will of Judge John Wright, Hamilton Parish, Fauquier Co., VA, and recorded in the Will Book for that year, pg. 219-220.  It was proved February 27, 1792 "by Order of George Maddux and William Kerns."  If he was not a judge, he was at least close enough friends to Judge Wright to witness his will.

Fauquier County, VA

Rappahannock River

The 1790 census lists JOHN, GEORGE and NATHON Mattox on Personal Tax List B, pages 28 & 29. 

The 1799 Personal Tax List C lists GEORGE Maddox, George responsible for BAYLOR Maddox, and SMALLWOOD Maddox, all on page 19.  In the 1800 census appeared "George Maddux Junr" and "John (son of George) Maddux."  There were other Madduxes in the county, but they were apparently unrelated and descendants of Alexander Maddux.  

Then on December 8, 1801, on page 3 Smallwood and George Maddox signed a petition for the sale of church lands in order to help support the needy rather than raise their taxes.  (Look in second column toward the bottom.)  On page 1 was "George Maddux Junr", so we know the one on page 3 was the father, George Sr.

We do not know who George married, but I sometimes wonder if her maiden name was Tapley or Baylor.   (One researcher on WorldConnect, Paul Purcell, listed George's wife as Elizabeth Westbrook.)

    And so George, our Revolutionary War hero, died.  Soon thereafter, two of his sons ~ George Jr. and John moved on to Kentucky.  Tapley, Baylor and Nathan did too.  I think Smallwood died about the time of his father.  The other sons had been encouraged to go to newly-opened Kentucky by the famous Simon Kenton, friend of Daniel Boone, whose father knew their father in Fauquier Co., VA.

GO TO GEORGE'S CHILDREN

Tapley
Nathan(iel)?
George B.
Smallwood
JOHN
Baylor