Jane BOYD3,399 was born in 1915.3,399 She died on 8 Nov 1992 in Humana
Clinch Valley, Richland, VA.3,399 She is reference number 13838.
Parents: Ephriam BOYD and Victoria Belle STREET.|
Spouse: Glen Roosevelt BALL. Glen Roosevelt BALL and Mary Jane BOYD were married on 15 Dec 1935.3,399 Reference Number:327914 Children were: Living BALL, Living BALL, Living BALL, Living BALL, Living BALL, Living BALL, Asher BALL.
Mary Jane BOYD3,145 was born on 24 Mar 1930.3,145 She died on 15 Dec 1930.3,145 She is reference number 77561. Parents: Harmon E. BOYD and Emma STEWART.
Mary Jane A. BOYD3,645 was born about 1872 in Horry County, South Carolina.3,645 She died in 1930 in Hinesville, Georgia.3,645 She is reference number 55658.
Mary Jane Boyds date of birth has been listed as February 22, 1878. This could not be true If her brother Daniel C. Boyd (a/k/a Jesse Jamed Boyd) was born in 1878. I feel that she would fit better as the Mary J. A. Boyd born in 1872. I am going to list it as such until proven wrong. (WSH)
The following is from the research work of Ms. Janice Boyd Neal:
I am also about certain that Mary Jane was not Sarah Margaret's daughter
other than step-daughter. I think that she is Mary J.A. of the first
marriage. She's the one that the family (specifically Earl Dean Norris,
daughter of Izzie, child of the second marriage of Robert to Sarah
Margaret) says was one of the children of the first marriage, was nicknamed
Sugar, married a Porter and moved to GA. I think that in the book they
published in GA her birth date is wrong (1878 is the year Jessie my
grandfather was born), and I think they referred to her as Sarah Margaret's
daughter because she was her step mother and raised her. Here is what I
have in my program about Mary Jane:
Mary Jane Boyd has been a mystery. I believe that she is Mary J. A. Boyd,
natural daughter of Robert T. and Sarah Boyd, but she also may be an adopted
child of Robert T. and his second wife, Sarah Margaret. Local genealogists
have told me that she was an adopted child of the second marriage of Robert
T. Boyd, Jr., and she is listed in a book on Taylors Creek as the daughter
of Robert T. and Sarah Margaret, Robert's second wife. That book is titled
"Taylors Creek 1760 - 1986, A Story of the Community and Her People", Bird
and Parul Yarbrough Editors, A Project of Taylors Creek Cemetery
Association. That book, at p. 513 and 514, has the following information
about Mary Jane and her family:
"The Family of Elmore Winage Porter
ELMORE WINGATE PORTER was the second of the Porter Family to
settle at Taylors Creek. His brother, Samuel Pink Porter, came to this
section in 1895. Elmore W. Porter, along with his wife, Mary Jane (Boyd)
Porter, and their three small sons came to Taylors Creek in 1898 from Horry
County, South Carolina. He was a farmer and the son of William and
Elizabeth Carter Porter, born in Horry County South Carolina, July 9,
1871. His wife was born February 22, 1878 also in Horry County, South
Carolina. She was the daughter of Robert and Margaret Boyd of Horry
County, South Carolina. Elmore died April 6, 1942 at Hinesville,
Georgia. Mary Jane died at Taylors Creek in 1930. Both are buried at
Taylors Creek Cemetery. Eight children were born to this union."
There is a picture of the family with a caption that reads "Elmore Wingate
and Mary Jane (Boyd) Porter with their children: Corbert, Benjamin,
Estelle, and Hebert." The picture of Mary Jane reveals that she had
distinct Indian features.
The reason I think Mary Jane is Mary J. A. is because older half-Boyd
relatives (specifically Earl Dean Wright Norris) told me that there was a
daughter of Robert's first marriage (to Sarah Elizabeth Gore) whose
nickname was "Sugar" who married a Porter and moved to GA. I definitely
believe that Earl Dean would know if Mary Jane was a full-blooded or half
sister of Izzie. If Mary Jane is Mary J. A., then she was probably born
1872, not 1878 (the same year Jessie James Boyd was born). In the 1880
census Mary J. A. was 8, and Jessie James (listed as Daniel C.) was 2. If
born in 1872, Mary Jane would have been 23 when she moved to Taylor's Creek
with Elmore and their three sons, meaning that she started having her
children around age 17 - 20 (giving a 3 to 6 year span). If she were born
in 1878, she would have been 17 when she moved to Taylor's Creek, having
already had three children, requiring her to start having them at age 12 -
14 (giving a 3 to 6 year span), which seems less likely. One other item -
Shelby Workmen, granddaughter of Sallie Boyd, older sister of Jessie,
indicates that she was always told that her father's aunt, Mary Jane,
married her mother's uncle, Ellie Porter, and in this context it was
understood that Mary Jane was her father's full-blooded aunt. To be so she
would have had to have been Sallie's full-blooded sister.
December 4, 1999, I talked with Erline Strickland, the granddaughter of
Elmore and Mary Jane, who indicates that she was 8 - 10 years old when Mary
Jane died. She remembered Mary Jane and Lewis Boyd (child of the first
family), who she referred to as Mary Janes' brother, who lived in
Statesboro, GA, and had a horse and mule farm. Erline remembers her
mother's father going there to buy plowing mules. She did not refer to
Lewis as a half-brother of Mary Jane, a distinction I find often made in
earlier generations as it is today. Erline remembers Mary Jane as
"different looking" and said that the children looked more like the
Porters. I am not sure which son was Erline's father, but I do remember
her saying that he died when Erline was 5 from a tree falling on him. Mary
Jane's daughter, Helen, died at the age of 30 from kidney disease. She was
very beautiful. Mary Jane's daughter, Mary, is still living. Lewis had a
daughter named Flossie. End of Program Notes. Parents: Robert T. BOYD Jr. and Sarah Elizabeth GORE.
Spouse: Elmore Wingate PORTER. Elmore Wingate PORTER and Mary Jane A. BOYD were married. Reference Number:959648 Children were: William Hebert PORTER, Lewis Corbert PORTER, Benjamin Sullivan PORTER, Emma Estelle PORTER, Annie Lou PORTER, Mary Jo PORTER.
Mary Josephine BOYD3,206,802 was born between 1800 and 1820.3 She died in 1896 in Mexico.3,206,802 She was also known as M. Josephine Boyd.2,3 She is reference number 827.
! (1) "History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Sketches of Many of it s Pioneers and Prominent Men" (Ancestry.com, 2000). Chapter LXIX, Paradise Township, by A.H . Smith, M.D.
(1) Her husband died soon after their marriage.
(1) Became a missionary for the Episcopal Church in the city of Mexico, and was head of th e orphanage of the Church of Jesus there. Parents: Joseph BOYD and Jane DICKSON.
Spouse: Rev. Unknown HOOKER. Rev. Unknown HOOKER and Mary Josephine BOYD were married. Reference Number:23024
Mary Josephine BOYD3,38 was born on 30 Mar 1853 in , Cherokee, Texas.3,38 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 21612. She has Ancestral File Number 1BTS-B6K. Parents: James BOYD and Martha Ann SELMAN.
Mary Julet BOYD3,178,218 was born on 20 Jul 1863 in Alabama.3,178,218 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 107293. Parents: William David BOYD and Fannie Clay COTTINGHAM.
Mary K. BOYD3,95,218,648 was born in 1812 in Of, , Chester, South Carolina.3,95,218 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 110839.
Mary K. BOYD3,42 was born in 1872.3,42 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 23373. Parents: John William BOYD and Nora Belle WELLS.
Mary K. BOYD3,42 was born on 16 Aug 1872.3,42 She died in 1904.3,42 She is reference number 23894. Parents: Joseph B. BOYD and Elizabeth HARTGROVE.
Mary Karaka Materoa BOYD3,38 was born on 23 Aug 1899 in Port Awanui, East Coast, Poverty Bay, New Zealand.3 She died on 6 Dec 1973 in Rotorua, , Bop, New Zealand.3 She was buried Unknown in Taradale, Hb, , New Zealand.3 She is reference number 50509. She has Ancestral File Number 1392-DBK. Parents: George Gillespie BOYD and Pare Pikaka HUIHUI.
Mary Katherine BOYD3,1297 was born in 1851.3 She died in 1932 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.3 She was buried Unknown in Boyd Cemetry, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.3 She is reference number 1510. Parents: Samuel Ramsey BOYD and Mary E. PATTERSON.
Mary Katherine BOYD3,42 was born on 28 Aug 1868.3,42 She died in Oct 1917.3,42 She is reference number 23148. Parents: John S. BOYD and Sarah C. LIVINGSTON.
Mary L. BOYD3,745 was born WFT Est 1814-1843.3,745 She died WFT Est 1815-1908.3,745 She is reference number 70485. Parents: John Cowan BOYD and Hannah M. MONTGOMERY.
Mary L. BOYD3,474 was born on 3 Dec 1834.3,281,474,475 She was also known as Mary L Boyd.3,475 She was also known as Mary L. Boyd.3,281 She died Unknown in Of Darke, Ohio.3,281 She is reference number 47578.
Family Record, Descendants of John and Mary-Fulton-Boyd, Mo nograph, prepared by M. Hillis Boyd, Freeport, PA. Parents: George BOYD and Frances POST.
Mary L. BOYD3,396 She was born in 1854.3,487 She died WFT Est 1852-1945.3,396 She is reference number 34393. Parents: Joshua C. BOYD and Martha Jane BUTLER.
Spouse: James ROGERS. James ROGERS and Mary L. BOYD were married. Reference Number:646436
Mary L. BOYD3,38 was born in Dec 1855 in Newton Co., MO.3,38 She was also known as Sissie. She was also known as Mary L. Boyd.3,583 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 21377. Parents: Joseph Alexander BOYD and Holly Ann JONES.
Mary L. BOYD3,38 was born before 1868 in Navarro Co. Texas..3 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 50888. She has Ancestral File Number 235M-4KL. Parents: Isaac B. BOYD and Ellen J. ANDERSON.
Mary L. BOYD3,1312 was born on 1 Jan 1881 in Kentucky.3,1312 She died on 27 Aug 1885 in Kentucky.3,1312 She is reference number 33960. Parents: Anderson BOYD and Nancy J. MILLER.
Mary L. BOYD3,360 was born on 20 Jun 1893 in Ontario, Canada.3,360 She died on 20 Jun 1895.3,360 She is reference number 26299. Parents: Andrew BOYD and Margaret E. HOFFMAN.
Mary Lavina BOYD3,1112,1241 was born on 12 Mar 1851 in Saline Twp, Ste Genevieve Co, MO.3,87,1241 She died on 31 Oct 1921 in Ste Genevieve County, MO.3,1241 She was also known as Mary Lavina Boyd.3,38,87 She was buried Unknown in Mayberry Cemetery, Avon, Ste Genevieve Co, MO.3,1241 She is reference number 43580. She has Ancestral File Number 1W2F-4CT.
!CENSUS: Aug 1860; Federal Census; Avon PO Ste Genevieve Co MO; Book page 65;
family 1001; NOTE: Luvinia BOYD, age 9, f, b MO.
!FAMILY-HISTORY: Correspondence date 14 Nov 1997;Betty CATHCART Box 328, Clyde,TX 79510: Parents: Farmer John W. BOYD and Martha COUNTS.
Mary Lee BOYD3 was born in 1868.3 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 47275. Parents: Darius Esterly BOYD and Martha E. GIBSON.
Mary Leonard BOYD.3 Parents: Robert BOYD and Clara SULLIVIAN.
Spouse: Tom PREER.
Mary Letitia BOYD3,95 was born on 16 Nov 1857 in , , AL.3 She died on 6 Apr 1934 in Edgefield Co, , SC.3 She was buried Unknown in Edgefield Co, , SC.3 She is reference number 54053. She has Ancestral File Number 1NZC-7Z4. Parents: James B BOYD and Lydia PARKMAN.
Spouse: Alexander Shadrack HOLMES. Alexander Shadrack HOLMES and Mary Letitia BOYD were married before 1882.3 Reference Number:938167 Children were: Maude HOLMES, Walter Leroy HOLMES, James Boyd HOLMES, Cornelius Vanderbilt HOLMES, James Monroe HOLMES, Bertha Elizabeth HOLMES, Lydia HOLMES, Alexander Levi HOLMES, Mary Ann HOLMES, HOLMES.
Mary Lewis BOYD2,3 was born in , Botetourt Co., Virginia.2,3 She died Unknown in , Botetourt Co., Virginia.2,3 She was buried Unknown in Buchanan, Botetourt Co., Virginia.2,3 She is reference number 44893.
! (1) "Buchanan, Virginia: Gateway to the Southwest," by Harry Fulwiler, Jr. (1980) p.30-40 . FHL book 975.583/B1 H2f.
Death: (1) In infancy.
Burial: (1) Family cemetery at the end of the original "Oak Hill" property, Buchanan, VA. Parents: Andrew Lewis BOYD and Ann Elizabeth.
Mary Lola BOYD3,399 was born on 9 May 1886.3,399 She died on 12 Jan 1962.3,399 She is reference number 13701. Parents: Elijah F. BOYD and Margaret JACKSON.
Spouse: Walter Johnson ASHBY. Walter Johnson ASHBY and Mary Lola BOYD were married on 26 Sep 1903 in Buchanan Co., VA.3,399 Reference Number:326603 Children were: Living ASHBY, Living ASHBY, Living ASHBY, Living ASHBY, Living ASHBY, John ASHBY.
Mary Lou BOYD3,281 died Unknown.3 She is reference number 52940. Parents: Richard BOYD and Maria Wade STRICKLER.
Spouse: W.R. MCCOY. W.R. MCCOY and Mary Lou BOYD were married. Reference Number:919137
Mary Lou BOYD3,1233 was born in 1878 in Cooke Co., TX.3,1233,1572 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 56903. Parents: William Henry BOYD and Melissa Ellen HUGHES.
Mary Louisa BOYD3,468 was born on 14 Apr 1835 in Georgia.3,468 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 50159.
One source reports her name as "Mary Louisa Jane Boyd." Parents: David Cannon BOYD and Syrena LEECH.
Mary Louisa BOYD3,547 was born on 24 Jun 1845 in Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, USA.3,547 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 57261. Parents: William Alfred BOYD and Laura A. FORD.
Spouse: John J. MERRITT. John J. MERRITT and Mary Louisa BOYD were married on 11 Dec 1877 in Oshkosh, Winnebago County, Wisconsin, USA.3,547 Reference Number:984540 Children were: Mildred Emma MERRITT.
Mary Louise BOYD3,405,577 was born WFT Est 1842-1878.3 She died Unknown in Of Seattle, WA.3,405 She is reference number 98880. Parents: Ward BOYD and Louise E. WARE.
Mary Louise BOYD3,366 was born on 25 Mar 1882.3,366 She died on 26 Jun 1963.3,366 She was also known as Cantrell Lou. She is reference number 52237. Parents: Samuel BOYD and Fannie SMITH.
Mary Lousia BOYD394 was born on 18 Dec 1837.394
Spouse: John Benjamin HARDEE. John Benjamin HARDEE and Mary Lousia BOYD were married.
Mary Luella BOYD3,95,218,648 was born on 4 Feb 1858 in , Newton, Missouri.3,95,218 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 110835. Parents: James Thomas BOYD and Emily Frances DAVISON.
Mary M BOYD3,800 was born on 25 Apr 1855 in Tioga, PA, USA.3,800 She was also known as Polly. She died WFT Est 1877-1949.3,800 She is reference number 75114. Parents: Theron George BOYD.
Mary M. BOYD3,95 was born on 6 Nov 1846 in
Mary M. BOYD3,474 was born on 13 Jan 1847.3,281,474,475 She died Unknown in Of Marion, Ohio.3,281 She is reference number 47395.
Family Record, Descendants of John and Mary-Fulton-Boyd, Mo nograph, prepared by M. Hillis Boyd, Freeport, PA. Parents: Robert G. BOYD and Rebecca HALL.
Mary M. BOYD3,579 was born in 1867 in Arkansas.3,579 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 56061. Parents: James Charles BOYD and Minerva Jane FARMER.
Spouse: G. R. BARRINTINE. G. R. BARRINTINE and Mary M. BOYD were married. Reference Number:966570
Mary M. BOYD3,832 was born in 1870 in Iowa.3,832 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 63695. Parents: Robert Banton BOYD and ELIZA.
Mary M. BOYD3,86 was born in 1873.3,86 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 56250. Parents: George Washington BOYD and Harriett Ann KIRTLEY.
Mary M. B. BOYD3,649 was born in 1876 in Frederick Co., VA..3,649 She died on 12 Feb 1881.3,649 She was buried Unknown in Mt. Hebron, Winchester, Frederick, VA..3,649 She is reference number 76227. Parents: Jr. Jesse Franklin BOYD and Eliza J. BURTON.
Mary Magdalene BOYD3,513 was born WFT Est 1853-1880.3,513 She died WFT Est 1858-1962.3,513 She is reference number 68698. Parents: William Hardy BOYD and Parthenia CANNON.
Mary Margaret BOYD3,205,206 was born on 30 Aug 1853 in Carroll Co. OH.3,205 She died on 23 Oct 1923 in Carroll Co. OH.3,205 She was also known as Mag. She was also known as Mary Margaret Boyd.3,205 She was also known as Mary Margaret ("Mag") Boyd.3,203 She was buried Unknown in Leesville Cemetery, Carroll Co. OH.3,205 She is reference number 53341.
Mrs. Remus Gartrell of Leesville died at her home, Sunday. Burial will
be made Wednesday. Parents: John BOYD and Matilda MCQUEEN.
Spouse: Remus W. GARTRELL. Remus W. GARTRELL and Mary Margaret BOYD were married on 26 Dec 1872 in Carroll Co. OH.3,205 Reference Number:735276 Children were: Amanda Olive GARTRELL, Alonzo B. GARTRELL, Margaret Jane GARTRELL, Chester V. GARTRELL.
Mary Margaret E. BOYD3,206 was born on 17 Feb 1886 in Pennsylvania.3 She died on 4 Jul 1948.3 She is reference number 37248. Parents: David BOYD and Lorena Agnes COPELAND.
Mary Marguerite BOYD3,38,583 was born on 19 Mar 1920 in Ft. Worth, Tarrant Co., TX.3,38 She died on 30 Apr 1920 in Ft. Worth, Tarrant Co., TX.3,38 She is reference number 21322. Parents: Archie Franklin BOYD and Maggie HARDIN.
Mary Maria BOYD2,3 was born in 1846 in , Highland Co., Ohio.2,3 She died in 1932 in , Highland Co., Ohio.2,3 She was buried Unknown in Hillsboro Cemetery, Liberty Twp., Highland Co., Ohio.2,3 She is reference number 44639.
! (1) "Highland Pioneer Sketches and Family Genealogies," by Elsie Johnson Ayres (1971) p.10 3-105. FHL 977.1845 D2a.
(2) 1850 Federal Census, Paint Twp., Highland Co., OH, p.171.
(3) "Marriage Records of Highland County, Ohio (1805-1880)," comp. by David N. McBride an d Jane N. McBride (Hillsboro, OH: Southern OH Gen. Soc., 1981) p.285. FHL 977.1845 V2m.
(4) Louise Wilikins, Blanchester, OH. Cemetery inscriptions.
(1) Was often called "St. Mary" because of her many charitable activities. Parents: John Milton BOYD and Arabella BLAIR.
Mary Martha BOYD3,38 was born on 18 Jun 1871 in Tippecanoe, Hrrsn., OH.3 She died on 1 Jun 1950.3 She is reference number 50945. She has Ancestral File Number 2FVR-M3. Parents: George BOYD and Eliza Vale MARKEE.
Mary Matilda BOYD3,38 was born in May 1849 in Avon, Ste Genevieve Co, Missouri.3 She died in 1925 in West Plains, Howell Co, Missouri.3 She was also known as Mollie. She was also known as Mary Matilda "Mollie" Boyd.3,87 She was buried Unknown in Epps Ceme, West Plains, Howell Co, Missouri.3 She is reference number 50526. She has Ancestral File Number 1W2D-D0S.
!BIRTH-CENSUS: 30 Sep 1850 Fed Cen; Gresham lib LDS # 0443621; Saline Twp
Ste Genevieve Co MO; page 241b, Dw 521, Fm 537. NOTE: Mary Ann BOYD age 1, f,
w, b MO.
!CENSUS: 16 Aug 1860 Fed Cen; Avon PO, Saline Twp Ste Genevieve Co MO; LDS #
803645, page 311 and 147, Dw 997, Fm 999. NOTE: Mary M BOYD age 11, attends
!CENSUS: 30 Jun 1870 Fed Cen; Avon P O Saline Twp Ste Genevieve Co MO; LDS #
552306, POES; pg 21, Dw 145, Fm 162. NOTE: Mary BOYED age 21, keeps house for
her father, b MO.
!CHURCH: Ste Genevieve Co MO Family Histories; SLC; 977.8692 D25, entry #0155; Pleasant Hil l Baptist Church; NOTE: On Saturday before the second Lord's day in Aug 1870, (13 Aug 1870) , the following met at the Madison school house in Ste Genevieve Co, MO: Isaac N McDANIEL, Ma ry McDANIEL...B B WOMACK,....Penelope HADDOCK, Mary J BOYD,..and George BOYD. These people w ere dismissed for the Texas Church, meeting for the purpose of constituting the above-named i nto a Baptist Church.....
!CENSUS: 10 Jun 1880; Fed Cen Sisson Twp Howell Co MO; pg 463B pg 14B Fm 108 Dw 108; FHC POES ; NOTE: Mary BESS, w, f, age 33, wife, married, keeps house, b MO, parents b MO (but parent s bp was in parenthesis).
!CENSUS-BIRTH: 20 Jun 1900; Fed Cen Ozark Twp Barton Co MO; SD 13, ED 25, sheet 18; T623:83 8 Fed Archiv, Seattle WA; NOTE: Mary BESS, b May 1846, married 29 years, mother of 7, 5 livin g, parents bp unkown, can read.
!CENSUS-DIVORCE: 6 May 1910; Fed Cen Piney Twp Oregon Co MO; sheet 12B, page
12/127, Dist 7883; Dw 125, Fm 126, Wilson Street; NOTE: Mrs Mary BESS, head,
age 65, divorced, 7 children born, 4 living, rents house, son George at home.
!CENSUS: 7 Feb 1920; Soundex Ozark Co MO; enumerated in the household of William V HENRY he r son-in-law; Mary M BESS, mother, age 74, widowed, cannot read or write, bp MO, parents bp U S.
!BIRTH-DEATH-CEME: Howell Co MO Cemeteries 1795-1987; FHL SLC 977.885 V3h pg
73; Epps Cemetery, West Plains, Howell Co MO; NOTE: Mary M BESS 1847-1925.
Active research: Sent for death cert, again 7 Feb 1996, they say they have none.
!DEATH: Mary W GLENN, 8641 Plantation Drive, Texas City, TX 77591; Family Bible of Henry J BE SS, Deaths Page, NOTE: Mary BESS, 5 Nov 1930.
!DIVORCE: Correspondence received from Dennis K Von ALLEN, Co CLerk of Howell
Co, West Plains MO, 65775; dated 7 Mar 1996. NOTE: Our records state that on 3 August 1906, t he divorce case of Mary BESS vs William BESS was dismissed. There is no other record thru th e year 1919.
Parents: Farmer George D. BOYD and Rebecca MCDANIEL.
Spouse: William Frederick BESS. William Frederick
BESS and Mary Matilda BOYD were married on 8 Dec 1870 in Avon, Ste Genevieve
Co, MO.3,87 They were divorced. Reference Number:818056
Mary Mayo BOYD3,1349 was born on 12 Oct 1857.3 She died Unknown.3 She is reference number 75775. Parents: Fredrick William BOYD and Mary Eliza RAILEY.
Mary Nettie BOYD3,407 was born on 28 Feb 1899.3,407 She died on 12 Aug 1915.3,407 She is reference number 42138.
Mary died of a ruptured appendix at the age of 16. Parents: James Nathaniel BOYD and Sarah Ann EDWARDS.
Mary Olive BOYD3,1087 was born in 1859 in Armstrong County, PA.3,1087 She died in 1899.3,1087 She is reference number 42775. Parents: John Fulton BOYD and Mary Eleanor BROWN.