The history of the Larocques in France was summarized by Pierre
Gauthier (possibly a pseudonyme used by Robert de Roquebrune) in an article
published in the historical magazine Nova Francia (no 4 page 330 to 341
in French) printed in 1929 "Les La Roque de
Roquebrune in France et au Canada". Copy of this article are in many libraries.
In the following text I have summarized a manuscript that my cousin, Georges
Larocque, wrote from his personal research in France, at the archive in
Paris, and also in Gascony at the archive department in Auch (Gers). The
presence of this lineage of LaRoque in France is well documented. There
is no doubt that this family as ever existed. What remains to be proven,
is the relation that would link Bernard LaRoque to a son Philibert Couillaud
dit Roquebrune in Canada, our ancestor. So far, no trace of Philibert Couillaud
in that region of France or any indication in Canada that points to this
family. There is also the Document prépared by Hozier about the
nobility of French Families. (In French, Latin and Gascon, sent by Réjean Larocque)
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LaRoque and Roquebrune are the names of places where this family originate.
On May 20th 1409 messire Bernard, (if he had a last name it is unknown)
swore "oath and hommage" to the count of Armagnac, Bernard VII, and became
from then on the landlord of the fief of the bourg of LaRoque and from
this, passed on his name to his French and Canadian descendants. We do
not know the name of his wife. In 1409 America wasn't discovered yet. Joan
of Arc was born four years later, and a good part of France was ruled by
Arnaud de LaRoque:
The son of Bernard lord of LaRoque, Arnaud, lived in the years 1423
to 1485. He took the succession of the seigniorie when is father died.
We are also unaware of the name of his wife. He had one brother, Arnaud-Bernard
and a sister by the name of Marguerite.
Armand de LaRoque
Armand de LaRoque lived between 1430 and 1498. He was the first born
of Arnaud's children. Armand served as hostage, " in the hand of the angles"
in place of the count of Armagnac, Jehan V. The count rewarded him generously
by granting him a pension of 100 pounds for his entire lifetime and he
also gave him a large oak forest which mainly made his fortune. In that
period, oak was used in furniture making, in construction but was also
used in foundries because of the high heat generated by this wood. He married
demoiselle Bourguine de Bezolles in the year 1471.
Laroque's coat of arms in Armagnac
Jehan de LaRoque: Armand's son, Jehan de LaRoque lived in the
years 1472 to 1514. At 14 he became a soldier for Louis, count of Armagnac.
He was first married to Ysabeau de Lussan in 1488. She died while giving
birth to a little girl named Jehanne who also died later. When his father
passed away, he became the lord of the Seignory of LaRoque. His second
wife was Françoise d'Ambert (or d'Aubert). We were able to retrace,
in the archive of the parlement of Provence, the oath sworn to the King
in 1504 when Pierre and Jehan de LaRoque de Roquebrune became bailiff for
the commune of Grasse and Saint-Maximin. Bailiff, in those days, were the
representative of the King of France, were acting as justice of the peace,
and administered the finances of the commune. When Jehan died, his oldest
son, Manaud, succeeded him. Jehan's widdow remarried Antoine de Montlezun.
Manaud de LaRoque
Manaud de LaRoque Seigneur (landlord) of LaRoque-d'Ordan was the oldest
son of Jehan. He was born at the seigniorial castle in 1499. In 1515, Manaud
(say Ma-no) was pronounced esquire of the Great esquiry of the King. When
his father died he was instituted "the oldest son universal and general
heir of the LaRoque estate." He became noble landlord of the seigniory
of LaRoque and owner of the castle. In the office of the notary in Auch
he passed a matrimonial contract to marry Jehanne d'Esparbez on Thursday
April 20th 1521. Jehanne was his close cousin. The King asked him to form
an army to combat the huguenots labeled heretic.
Noble esquire, messire Philippe de LaRoque, lord of La Roque-d'Ordan
was the youngest son of Manaud de LaRoque and Jehanne d'Esparbez. He was
born in the seigniorial castle around the year 1525. At 16 he became esquire
of the King. In the month of September 1562 he participated in the siege
of Lectoure ordered by Blaise de Montluc. In 1607 King Henri IV proclaimed
the uniting of Gascony to the French Crown. In 1572 when Manaud died, Philippe
became lord of LaRoque. The wealth of the family had greatly diminished
after years of combat with the heretic huguenots. The villages of LaRoque
and Roquebrune were in ruins. Because of all these wars, Philippe married
later in life. He was almost 40 when he married demoiselle Mathurine de
Georges de LaRoque lord of Roquebrune and Pouy in Armagnac was the
youngest son of Philippe de LaRoque and Mathurine d'Yslemade. He was born
in Auch in 1570 where the LaRoques family had taken refuge because the
seigniory and the castle were occupied by huguenots. Like his previous
relative, he took the profession of arms. When his father died, as he wasn't
the eldest, he inhirited the seigniory of Roquebrune. His brother, Jehan-François
succeeded his father as lord of LaRoque. See below for the continuation
of the succession of the Seigniory. On October 7th 1599 Georges married
Françoise de Ferrabouc lady of Pouy "lady possesseress of many fiefs".
She was the daughter of Jehan-Jacques de Ferrabouc.
Jehan Bernard de LaRoque
Jehan Bernard de LaRoque de Roquebrune lived in the years 1600 and
1665. He was the only son of Georges LaRoque and Françoise Ferrebouc.
At the age of 15 he served in the army of the king. In 1640 he married
Marie Dalmas de Marcelly noble daughter of messire Pierre de Dalmas lord
of Marcilly and noble lady Charlotte Couillaud de Hauteclair. From this
union Jehan-Philibert Couillaud was born.
(There is no document to prove this) If we believe what was written in
Nova-Francia, he would be our ancestor in New France.
The Seigneurs de la Roque
As you read, Georges de la Roque was the second son of Philippe de la Roque
and his brother Jean-Francois succeeded his father as landlord of the Seignory
de la Roque. This lineage of de la Roque in Ordan Larroque continued until
about the biginning of this century. Le last of this lineage, Monsieur
le comte Marc-Henri de La Roque has had only daughters, five in all and
no sons to carry on his name in France.
We will continue the succession of de la Roque's in France starting
Jean-François de la Roque I
Noble Jean-François de la Roque, of his nom, Seigneur de la
Roque & of la Brane, fils elder son of Philippe de la Roque, acquired
the Land and noble Places de la Brane in the county of Fézensac
July 3 1614. He married by contract dated November 14 1603 Demoiselle Jeanne
de Floran de Gestas daughter of Noble Basian de Floran-deGestas. Their
oldest son carried on the succession.
de la Roque II
Noble Jean-François de la Roque II, of his name Seigneur de
la Roque & other places , first born of Jean-François de la
Roque & instituted heir universal of his mother by testament dated
February 2 1629, became Captain of the Company of Cavalry of Ban of the
Sénéchaussée of Armagnac. He married Noble Anne de
Barboutan, daughter of nobleman Philippe de Barboutan and Noblewoman Anne
de Montholieu, Lady of Carritz. He was burried in the chapel de La Roque.
de la Roque
François de la Roque succeeded his father. He first married
Demoiselle Isabeau de Cours in 1675 and in 1703 he married Jacquette La
Croix daughter of Pierre La Croix. François died November 3 1714.
Amant de la Roque Amant de la Roque, Seigneur de la Roque, lived
in his castle de la Roque-d'Ordan located two league of the town of Auch.
He was captain in the regiment of the Old Marine Infantry by Commission
November 10 1733. He married November 16 1734 demoiselle Jeanne de Melet-de
Fondelin daughter of the landlord of Fondelin. Six children were born from
Jacques-Amant de la Roque
Jacques-Amant de la Roque baptised October 18 1742, carry on the descendance.
He added a count crown above the coat of arm sculpted above the front entrance
of the castle of La Roque.
Amant de la Roque
Noble Amant de La Roque, count of La Roque d'Ordan, married in 1802
Adélaïde de Cugnac.
Jean-Jacques-Maximilien de la Roque
Jean-Jacques-Maximilien de la Roque count of La Roque d'Ordan married
noble demoiselle Anaïs de Cours-Gontaud.
Noble Marc-Henri de la Roque
The lineage of the La Roque's in France ended at count Marc-Henri de
la Roque having had only 5 daughters. We can still see the castle of la
Roque near the village of Ordan Larroque. After the death of Mr the Count
de La Roque, the estate was sold to the count of Danton, a descendant of
Georges-Jacques Danton an important person during the French revolution.