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Our Gardiner Family


"The family name of Gardiner, in it's numberous variety of forms, can be traced back in English history to William the Conqueror, who in the year 1066, defeated the Saxon King, Harold, in the Battle of Hastings and subsequently introduced the Medieval European civilization to the British Isles. Both men, William Des Jardine and William the Conqueror, have been identified by historians as great Grandsons of William the Longsword...The family name of DES JARDINE (pronounced De-Shar-de-ne') apparently was not passed down from William the Longsword but resulted from the marriage of William Des Jardine's father to William the Longsword's granddaughter... Since the family-name of GARDINER was first introduced into the British Isles as DES JARDINE, it remained unchanged in the areas of heavy Norman population for perhaps a century before it became De Jardine, then Jardine, Gardine, etc. In the areas more heavily populated by the Romans it became De Gardino, D'Gardino, etc. In the areas more heavily populated by the Britions, Danes and Saxons, it appeared in the Twelfth Century as De Jardin, Jardin, Gardin, etc...Geographical location also played a major role in determining how family names were spelled. In Scotland, for example, GARDINER was known as Gardenkirk. In Wales it was spelled Gardynyr. Across the line in Gloustershire it was slightly altered to read Gardyner..." (ix-x, Gardiner: Generations and Relations, Thomas Richard Gardiner) (Doneva Nell Shepard)


First Generation


John Gardiner. (Unproven) John married Ellen Tudor, daughter of Jasper Tudor Duke of Bedford & Woodville.

They had one child:

i. Stephen (1483-1555)


Second Generation


Family of John Gardiner & Ellen Tudor

Stephen Gardiner. Born in 1483 in Bury, Lancashire. Stephen died on 12 Nov 1555, he was 72.

Stephen Gardiner (1493-1555)
Born: 1493 at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk
Bishop of Winchester
Died: 12th November 1555 at Whitehall Palace, Westminster, Middlesex


"Stephen Gardiner, the famous malleus haereticorum, is said, though doubtfully, to have been the illegitimate son of Lionel Woodville, Bishop of Salisbury and brother of Edward IV's queen. He was born in 1483 at Bury St. Edmunds, "one of the best airs in England," says Fuller, "the sharpness of which he retained in his wit and quick apprehension." After his education at Cambridge, he passed from the family of the Duke of Norfolk into that of Wolsey, by whom he was greatly favoured. Gardiner's services in the cause of the Cardinal, and in that of King Henry VIII, were rewarded on the death of the former by the Bishopric of Winchester, Gardiner haying been appointed Archdeacon of Norwich in 1529.

In his book, De Vera Obedientia, Gardiner supported the Royal supremacy claimed by King Henry and remained in tolerable favour at court during the remainder of that reign, not, however, without encountering sundry perilous storms. His 'sanguinary temper' is said to have been first shown in his attack on Lambert and, more decidedly, in the statute of the six articles. Usually known as the 'bloody statute,' this famous law, on which so many deniers of the 'real presence' were executed, was framed and projected by Gardiner. For the greater part of the reign of Edward VI, Gardiner was kept a close prisoner in the Tower and has, at least, the merit of remaining firm to the 'old religion'. This was in strong contrast to the numerous company of "chamaelion statesmen" who changed their creed as often as it became necessary.

In 1550, Gardiner was deprived of his bishopric, to which, however, he was restored on the accession of Mary Tudor in 1553. In September of that same year, the great seal was delivered to him and, on 1st October, he placed the crown on the head of Queen Mary. His share in the Marian persecutions need here only be alluded to. Although it is probable that the number of victims has been greatly exaggerated and that the personal cruelty of Gardiner and Bonner was less ferocious than is usually the fashion to represent it, there can be little doubt but that the former, at least, deserves much of the odium which popular hatred has cast upon his name. "His malice," says Fuller, "was like what is commonly said of white powder, which surely discharged the bullet, yet made no report, being secret in all his acts of cruelty. This made him often chide Bonner, calling him "ass," though not so much for killing poor people, as for not doing it more cunningly."

Great ill-will existed between Gardiner and Cardinal Pole, to which it is said that Cranmer owed the preservation of his life for some months. His execution did not, at all events, take place until after Gardiner's death, which occurred at Westminster in 1555. "I have sinned with Peter," he is said to have exclaimed on his deathbed, " but I have not wept with him." The story told by Fox, that Gardiner refused to dine on the day of the burning of Ridley and Latimer, until he heard from his servants posted along the road, that the faggots were kindled about them, and that whilst at table he was seized with mortal illness, has been effectively disproved. After lying in state at Southwark, he was conveyed to Winchester in a cart, hung with black and having his effigy in episcopal robes placed without it. His chantry chapel may still be seen on the north side of the altar at Winchester Cathedral." (Encyclopedia Britannica, “Stephen Gardiner 1493-1555”)

"Trinity Hall was founded in 1350 by William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich. It is the fifth oldest college in Cambridge. Bishop Bateman initially restricted the college to students of Law, and it has remained strong in this discipline. An old boy of the college was Stephen Gardiner (1497-1555), who not only held the posts of Master of Trinity Hall, Chancellor of the University, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England, but was also the chief adviser to William VIII and Mary I. Other ex-students have been the father of Virginia Woolf, Leslie Stephen, and J.B. Priestley." ( “Cambridge Guide”)

Stephen married Margaret Grey, daughter of Edmund Grey Earl of Kent (26 Oct 1416-5 May 1511) & Florence Hastings (abt 1453-22 May 1490). Born in 1486 in Wilton, Herefordshire Co., England.

They had one child:

i. George (~1510-)


Third Generation


Family of Stephen Gardiner & Margaret Grey

George Gardiner. Born abt 1510 in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England. Abt 1534 when George was 24, he married Margaret DeNeville.

They had the following children:

i. George (1535-1589)
ii. German.


Fourth Generation


Family of George Gardiner & Margaret DeNeville

George Gardiner II. Born in 1535 in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England. George died in Jun 1589, he was 54. Abt 1560 when George was 25, he married Dorothy Constable. Born in 1536 in Wallington, Northumberland Cty, England.

They had the following children:

i. Lionel (~1573-)
ii. Edmund.
iii. Thomas.
iv. Richard.
v. William.


Fifth Generation


Family of George Gardiner II & Dorothy Constable

Lionel Gardiner. Born abt 1573. Lionel married Elizabeth Woodhouse, 11G Grandmother. Born abt 1575.

They had one child:

i. Lion (1599-1663)


Sixth Generation


Family of Lionel Gardiner & Elizabeth Woodhouse

Lion Gardiner. Born in 1599 in Norfolk, England. Lion died in Easthampton, Suffolk, NY in 1663, he was 64. Buried in 1663 in Old S. Cemetary, Easthampton, Suffolk, NY. Occupation: engineer.

Was an Englishman, but an engineer in the service of the Prince of Orange in the Netherlands, by whom he was engaged to build a fort at the mouth of the Connecticut River. He landed in Boston in 1635 and drew a plan for a fort there for his English countrymen, and then went on to his assignment. He built and commanded Saybrook Fort and lived there four years, where he and his dutch wife had two children. In 1639 he bought an island from the Indians and moved there. He named it Isle of Wight, but it has long been known as Gardiner's Island. He was lord of the manor comprising the whole island of 3300 acres. His island was entirely independent of the rest of the colonies. He made and enforced the laws. He was the first English planter within the limits of the present New York State. Ownership of Gardiner's Island was in the hands of the Gardiner family as of the writing of the reference, 1967. (Margaret Wallace)

When Lyon Gardiner came from Saybrooke Fort, to L. I., in 1638, he was the first settler within the present bounds of Easthampton, and his settlement of Gardiner's Island in 1639 was the first English settlement in what is since the State of New York, being one year anterior to the settlements, at Southold and Southampton.

Lyon Gardiner wrote in his Bible:
"In the year 1635, July 10, came I, Lion Gardiner, and my wife, Mary, from Worden, a town in Holland, where my wife was born, being the daughter of one, Derike Willemson, Deurant, her mothers name was Hackin, and her aunt, sister of her mother, was the wife of Wouter Leonardson, old burgomaster. We came from Worden, to London, and from there to New England, and dwelt at Saybrooke Fort, 4 years, it is at the mouth of the Connecticut river, of which I was Commander; and there was born to me a son named David, 1636, the 29th of April, the first born in that place, and in 1638, a daughter was born to me, called Mary, the 30th, of August; and then I went to an Island of mine own, which I bought of the Indians, called by them Mannehonake, by us, the Isle of Wight, and there was born another daughter, named Elisabeth, the 14th of September, 1641, she being the first child of English parents, that was born there.
In 1653, he removed to East Hampton, he died there in 1663, wife died 1665." (“Welcome to Long Island Genealogy”)

On 10 Jul 1635 when Lion was 36, he married Merrichjen Willemson Deurcant, daughter of Dirck Willemson Deurcant (1561-bef 6 Jun 1605) & Haechgen Bastian (abt 1568-), in French Church, Wordon, Holland.7 Born abt 1601 in Worden, Holland. Merrichjen Willemson died in E. Hampton, Suffolk, LI, NY in 1665, she was 64.

They had the following children:

i. David (1636-1689)
ii. Mary. Born on 10 Aug 1638 in Saybrook Fort, CT. Mary died in Easthampton, Suffolk, NY on 15 Jun 1727, she was 88. Mary married Jeremiah Conklin. Of East Hampton
iii. Elizabeth. Born on 14 Sep 1641 in Gardiner's Island, NY (Isle of Wright). Elizabeth died in E. Hampton, Suffolk, LI, NY in 2/1657/1658, she was 15. First white child to be born inwhat is now New York State.


Seventh Generation


Family of Lion Gardiner & Merrichjen Willemson Deurcant

David Gardiner. Born on 29 Apr 1636 in Saybrook Fort, CT. David died in Hartford, CT on 10 Jul 1689, he was 53. Educated in London and returned to Gardiner's Island after marriage. Died suddenly while on a business trip to Hartford. His grave stone reads "Well, sick, dead in one hours space." (Margaret Wallace) On 4 Jun 1657 when David was 21, he married Mary Lerringman, in St. Margaret's Church, London, England.7 Born abt 1641. Mary died in 1689, she was 48.

They had the following children:

i. Elizabeth (1658-1690)
ii. David (1662-1732)
iii. John.
Born on 10 Apr 1661. John died on 25 Jun 1738, he was 77.
iv. Lyon.
Lyon died on 23 Sep 1723.
v. Mary. Born in 1663.


Eighth Generation


Family of David Gardiner & Mary Lerringman

Elizabeth Gardiner. Born in 1658 in Southhold, LI, Suffolk Cty., NY. Elizabeth died in Southhold, LI, Suffolk Cty., NY on 26 Jun 1690, she was 32. In 1677/1678 when Elizabeth was 19, she married James Parshall, son of Jonas Parshall (Pershale) (abt 1590/1595-1660) & Mrs Jonas Parshall (abt 1600-), in E. Hampton, Suffolk, LI, NY. Born abt 1640/1650 in England. James died in Southhold, LI, Suffolk Cty., NY on 15 Sep 1701, he was 61.

They had the following children:

i. David (1683-1725)
ii. Israel (1680-1738)
iii. James.
Born in 1677 in Gardiner's Island, NY. James died in Suffolk, NY bef 1692, he was 15.
iv. Benjamin.
Born in 1685 in Gardiner's Island, NY. Benjamin died in 1685 in Gardiner's Island, NY.
v. Mary.
Born in 1679 in Gardiner's Island, NY.
vi. Margaret. Born in 1687.

David Gardiner. Born in 1662 (1663). David died on 2 Dec 1732, he was 70. Bef 1685 when David was 23, he married Martha Young, in Southhold, LI, Suffolk Cty., NY. Born in 1664. Martha died on 18 Apr 1737, she was 73.

They had one child:

i. Mary (1685-1725)


Ninth Generation


Family of Elizabeth Gardiner & James Parshall

 


Interesting Gardiner Sites and Gedcom's

Margaret Wallace Doneva Nell Shepard Welcome to Long Island Genealogy Stephen Gardiner 1493-1555
Gardiner Memorial History of the Gardiner Name Excerpts from Lion Gardiner's Journal Cambridge Guide
Gardiner's Island A Man Named Lion Saybrook Point Inn and Spa Rev. David L. Gardiner GEDCOM

Created by Elizabeth Finley Frasier

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Created July 8, 2000