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Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kurpfälzischer Sippenforscher

Volume 1, Number 2, August 1927, pages 16-17



On the name Lieberich in the Palatinate.
From the family history made available to us 1) we take the following details on the distribution of this name, which today is still wide-spread and well known in the Palatinate: The hints themselves represent good examples for the development of family names, the origins reach back in very early dark times; they are also good examples for the development of a family branch.

Relations of Names
* indicates birth date/place. + indicates death date/place
Lubrichenowa (Lubringowa): a settlement in a moth of the (river) Rhein in the Worms area cited in "civitate moguntina" (774-779). (so this is the name of a settlement, not of a person).
1a. Liubric Frieso mentioned around 814 in the prayer-book of the cloister Blidenfeld (near Klingenmünster) in the Palatinate.
b. Liberich, mentioned shortly before 1028 and 1054, respectively, in the prayer-book of the cloister Weissenburg in E. ("E." is a location, I assume in northern Elsass, immediatela at the border to Palatinate)
2. Liberich, * around 1150, a noble in Worms
I. Conrad Liberich, § 3
§3. Conrad Liberich, § 2, * around 1180, + after 1215; a knight and land lord in Worms; vassal of the lord high steward Werner III. 0f Boland (1218 trustee of king Henry VII), testifies 1215 in Worms Werner III of Bolander in a court document.
?I. Werner (Liberich?) of Quenenbach, § 4
§ 4. Werner (Liberich?) of Quenenbach (Oberquembach near Wetzlar), * around 1210, + after 1271. Presumably vassal of the lord high stewards of Boland-Falkenstein-Münzenberg. In 1271 he lived in a house in the free city of Wetzlar.
I1. Bilkwin of Quenenbach, § 5.
?2. Ruker of Quenenbach, § 13a.
§ 5. Bilkwin of Quenenbach (Quembach) (§ 4?), * around 1240, + after 1280. In 1280 he testifies in Solms in the first place of a document of Ludwig of Biel.
?I. Lyberich of Quenenbach, §6.
§ 6. Lyberich of Quenenbach (Quembach) (?§5), * in Wetzlar ? around 1270, + after 1329. Citizen of the free city of Wetzlar (1329). Together with his wife he sold in 1329 his annual tribute of one Mark Pennies, which resulted from his houses and a fruit garden in Wetzlar, for 10 Marks Pennies to the Wetzlar citizen Conrad of Colmar and his wife Jutta; he had formerly inherited this tribute; married with Irmentrud …. mentioned in 1329.
I1.? Cunrat Quenenbecher, §7.
2.? Hennel Liberich, § 10.
§7. Cunrat (Conze) Quenenbecher (Quembacher), § 6?, * around 1300, + after about 1355. Citizen of Marburg, testifies in Marburg in 1350, 1352 and around 1353.
?I Fappel Quenenbecher ? §8.
§ 8. Fappel Quenenbecher (Quenbacher) § 7?, * around 1330, + after 1369. Citizen of Marburg. In 1369 he buys an annual interest of 5 Shillings plus a carneval bird from the heraldic figure maker Johann of Schwabach on the house (of Johann of Schwabach) behind the church, for 4 Marks Pennies; marries Hetta … mentioned in 1369.
§ 9. Cleusel (Nikolaus) Liberich (§ 6?), * around 1330, + after 1357, appears in 1357 among the "honorable and modest luden 2) " of Ellerstadt (Palatinate) as a juror of the court.

Development of the branch

?I. Johann Liberich, § 11.
§10. Hennel (Johannes) Liberich (§ 6?), * around 1305, + after 1364, village mayor of Meckenheim (Palatinate) in 1364.
?I. Liberich, § 9.
§11. Johann Liberich (§ 9?), * around 1360, + after 1400 (after 1425?), citizen and town councillor of the Free city of Worms (in 1397, 1400, 1425?); in 1400 named "the honorable man Mister Johann Liberich town councillor in Worms." He owned property in Lambsheim, which he first ost during a struggle among Palatinate counts of Worms; after things were settled, this property as to be turned over to him again in 1397; however in 1398 this was not yet the case. In 1400 he rented from the Carthusian Cloister vineyards close to the church of Liebfrauen in Worms ( today a famous, but 'artificial' wine is gained there called "Liebfrauenmilch" = milk of Our Blessed Virgin). Likely he left Worms in later years (which, due to interior struggles, could never come to peace) to retire to his property in Lambsheim; he married Odilie … (last name unknown) mentioned in 1400.
I1. ? Heintz Lieberich, § 12.
2. ? Nicolaus Liberich, § 13.
§12. Heintz (Heinrich) Lieberich (§ 12), * in Worms ? around 1400, + in Pfeddersheim in 1457. Documented to have lived in the free city of Pfeddersheim 3) near Worms, where he seemingly was busy with growing grapes and selling wine; married ….. (Bengel of Pfeddersheim ?) mentioned 1457 - 1464 4) .
I1. ? … Lieberich, § 14.2. ? Claus Lieberich, § 16.3. ?
Johann Lieberich, § 17.4. ? Engel Lieberich, * around 1450, + after 1506, mentioned in Pfeddersheim 1476-1506 (1510); married ?. Conrad of Steden (a small city), mentioned in Pfeddersheim in 1510 (NB. 1, 2 and 4 are proven to be brothers).
§13. Nicolaus Liberich of Lambsheim (§ 11 ?), * in Worms ? around 1405, + after 1431, enrolment in Leipzig 1425, in Heidelberg 1426; priest in Erpolzheim in 1431. When in 1431 the community of Freinsheim set up a priest benefice, the village officials asked bishop Friedrich of Worms to give this benefice to priest Nicolaus Lieberich of Erpolzheim. This was realized soon.
§13a. Ruker of Quenbach (§ 4?), * around 1245, + after 1302. In 1302 he sold several pieces of land in Lich to the cloister Arnsburg, not for money, but for a yearly pension; after his death this pension was to be cancelled in favour of his soul; he was knight of the castle in Lich; married Guda … mentioned 1302.
§14. … Lieberich (? §12), * around 1435, already dead in 1478; married ….
I. Hen Lieberich, * around 1470, § 15 (Hen is pet name for Johannes)
§15. Hen Lieberich, * around 1470, + in Pfeddersheim 1515/1518. Citizen of the free city of Pfeddersheim (1506-1515). His business was seemingly growing grapes and selling wine 5) ; married … Catharina mentioned in Pfeddersheim in 1518. Obviously moved before 1520 (to Worms ?).
I? 1. Johann Lieberich, * around 1500, § 18. ?2. … Lieberich, * around 1505, reformed family branch Kaiserslautern (where my people come from). ?3. Philipp Lieberich, * around 1510, 27.
§16. Claus Lieberich 6) , * (?§ 12) around 1440, + Pfeddersheim after 1510. Citizen of the free city of Pfeddersheim (1471-1510), where his business was growing grapes and selling wine. His cousin is Erhard Bengel of Pfeddersheim.
§17. Johann Lieberich (? § 12), * around 1445, + after 1483, priest in Pfeddersheim, mentioned 1479-1483.

Branch Lieberich of Kröfftelbach

§18. Johann Lieberich of Kröfftelbach (? § 15), * in Pfeddersheim ? around 1500, + 21./31.12.1572. Obtained his juridical education probably in Worms/Speyer at the federal supreme court. He was imperial notary; senator and secretary of the the counts of Solms- Braunfels (1536); Reichstag deputy of the bank of the Wetterau counts (proven for 1542-1558). Owned the castle Kröfftelbach near Wetzlar, and other feudal Solms objects. On January 23 of 1548 in Augsburg he receives his heraldic figure directly from the imperor Karl V.; this heraldic figure is completed with an additional helmet ornament; his unlimited feudal law is confirmed; marriage ….
I. Philipp Lieberich of Kröfftelbach, * around 1530, § 19.
§19. Philipp Lieberich of Kröfftelbach (§ 18) * around 1530, + 1575 (pestilence?), enrolled in Marburg in 1550, Schönborn priest in Kröfftelbach 1549-1557, Solms priest in Muschenheim 1557-1575: married around 1558?
I?1. … Lieberich, * around 1560, § 29. ?2. Emrich Lieberich, * around 1564, § 21. ?3. Johann Lieberich, * around 1563, § 20. ?4. Michael Lieberich, * around 1563, § 25.
§20. Johann Lieberich (§ 19.), * around 1563, + 1589/90. Settles in 1588 as citizen of Butzbach in the Wetterau; marries around 1588…. , + after 1594, Widow (marries second 1593-1594 Ebert Köckmann, citizen of Butzbach).
§ 21. Emrich Lieberich (§ 19.) * around 1564, + after 1595, village mayor of the Solms counts in Eberstadt near Lich (Wetterau) in 1595.
I?1. Gebhard Lieberich, * around 1599, § 22. ?2. … Lieberich, * around 1600, § 66 7) . ?3. Leonhard Lieberich, * 1603, § 23.
§ 22 Gebhardt Lieberich (? §21) * around 1597 in Eberstadt, + 10.12.1640 in Lich, charity nurse in Eberstadt. In the years 1625-1631 he embezzled funds and was therefore imposed a fine (by the count of Solms), for which to pay he had to take up a loan; even his later widow had to pay down this loan; married ….?, + after 1640.
I?1. Wendelin Lieberich, * Eberstadt 1622, § 37. 2. Adam Lieberich, * Lich 14.6.1635. 3. Marg(areth ?) Lieberich, * Lich 20.8.1636.
§ 23. Leonhard Lieberich (§21), * Eberstadt ? 1603, + Lich 13.1.1689. Solms priest in Wohnbach (Wetterau) in 1626-1647; marries 1655 (second?). Was chancellor, city and congregation priest in Lich (1655); marries (before 1639; first marriage?) around 1630 ? Dorothea …; + Lich 3.4.1676.
I1. Johann Philipp Lieberich, * 1632/33, § 24. 2.? 3.Ludwig Gothard Lieberich, * Lich 3.101637, godfather: countLudwig Christoffel of Solms. 4. Catharina Margaretha Lieberich, * Lich 1.6.1639; married Lich 13.1.1680 Heinrich Vogel, chancellor in Lich and priest in Unterbutzing.
§ 24. Johann Philipp Lieberich (§ 23) * 1632/33, + Friedberg (Wetterau)…4.1708, enrolled in Giessen 1652, 1654-1668; Solms chaplain in Müngenberg (Wetterau), since 1668 second priest, later first priest of the free city of Friedberg in Hesse; married in Lich 12.8.1655 Anna Sibilla Köhler.
P. Theobald Köhler (her father?) clerk of the court in Dietz, dead in 1655.
I?. Christof Lieberich, enrolled Marburg 1679. ?Johann Leonhard Lieberich, 1734 in Büdingen. ?Johann Heinrich Lieberich around 1657?, § 51. ?Philipp Lieberich, around 1657, § 50.
Footnotes:
1) manuscript (unfortunatle no author is named)
2) common people
3) After 1525 Pfeddersheim was administrative city within the Palatinate
4) "Bengel" and "Bengell" civis (citizen) of Pfeddersheim already appear 1448 in documents of the city
5) Under the supervision of his uncle Claus Lieberich
6) Claus-Nicolaus, ….. (unreadable) , Clesgen, Clesgang (=various forms of this first name)
7) Since the author cites only part of the original manuscript, not all footnotes of the original text appear here in this extract

Background on the university at Marburg, provided by Dave Leebrick
The university of Marburg is one of the most historic of German universities. It was founded in 1527 during the Reformation by the 23-year-old landgrave Philipp the Magnanimous as the second Protestant university (the oldest Protestant university existed from 1526 to 1530 in Liegnitz in Silesia). On July 1, 1527, the universale studium Marburgense commenced with 11 professors and 84 students in the former monasteries of the city. The goal of the institution was to educate "learned, able, and God-fearing persons, preachers, and officials for Christian benefit and the good of the common land." In addition to the leading theological faculty, faculties for jurisprudence, medicine, and philosophy were also established from the beginning. Therefore, training at the university of Marburg would have probably been similar to what we call seminary training.

Background on the university at Leipzig

The University of Leipzig was founded in 1409 by German students and professors who withdrew from the University of Prague when Wenceslas IV, king of Bohemia, turned that four-nation university over to the Czechs. The University of Leipzig was confirmed by papal bull in 1409. In 1539 Leipzig accepted the Reformation, which thoroughly penetrated the university. Therefore, this would have been university training to become a Catholic priest.

Background on the university at Heidelberg.

The fame of Heidelberg is due to its university, which was founded in 1386 by the warlike Rupert I of Wittelsbach when he was over seventy years of age, on the model of the University of Paris. The same prince erected the Heiliggeistkirche, formerly the university church, which contains the graves of the Palatine Counts of Witttelsbach. After Pope Urban VI had issued the Bull of authorization (23 October, 1385), the founder granted the university a succession of privileges, exemptions, and prerogatives. It was to consist of four faculties, theology, law, medicine and art, each to have its separate organization. At first, the rector was elected every quarter, after 1393 semi-annually, and after 1522, annually, like the deans of the faculties. Teachers and students were provided with safe-conducts, were exempt from taxes and tolls in the electorate, and were granted all the privileges that obtained at the University of Paris. The Bishop of Worms, in whose diocese Heidelberg was situated, was judge in ordinary of the clerics. The regulations were publicly read and posted up in the Heiliggeistkirche every year. On 18 October, 1386, the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, the university was solemnly opened with Divine service, and the next day lectures on logic, exegesis, and natural philosophy were begun. Dr. Marsilius from Inghen, near Arnheim, Guelderland, former representative of Nominalism in Paris, was chosen first rector. In accordance with the terms of the papal Bull of authorization, the provost of the cathedral of Worms acted as chancellor of the university, and until the end of the eighteenth century exercised in the name of the Church the right of superintending and sanctioning the conferring of academic degrees, either in person or through a vice-chancellor. Soon after the opening of the university the faculties of theology and law were reinforced by bachelors and licentiates from Prague and Paris. But as most of the students came from the Rhenish provinces, the custom followed by other universities of classifying them according to nationality was not imitated here. The faculty of medicine was not organized until 1390. the faculty of arts, the alma totius Universitatis mater, was here as everywhere else, the first in point of numbers. St. Catherine was the patron saint, and her feast day (25 November) was observed with great solemnity. In the first year of its existence the university had in its roll 525 teachers and students. The foundations of the celebrated library of Heidelberg were laid by means of donations from the bishops, chancellors, and early professors. Louis III willed his large and valuable collection to the university. Later, when Otto Henry had added the gift of his books and MSS., the entire collection received the name of Bibliotheca Palatina and was considered the most valuable in Germany. At the instance of Elector Rupert III, later German king (1400-1410), Pope Boniface IX, in 1399, relinquished twelve important livings and several patronages to the university. Rupert's eldest son, Louis III, changed the Heilggeistkirche into a collegiate church and united its twenty-four prebends to the university, a measure sanctioned by Pope Martin V.
Nominalism had been prevalent from the time of Marsilius until after 1406, when Jerome of Prague, the friend of John Hus, introduced realism, on which account he was expelled by the faculty which, six years later, also condemned the teachings of John Wycliffe. Several distinguished professors took part in the Council of Constance and acted as counsellors for Louis III who, as representative of the emperor and chief magistrate of the realm, attended this council and had Hus executed as a heretic. In 1432 the university, pursuant to papal and imperial requests, sent to the Council of Basle two delegates who faithfully supported the legitimate pope. The transition from scholastic to humanistic culture was effected by the learned chancellor and bishop, Johann von Dalberg. Humanism was represented at Heidelberg by Rudolph Agricola, founder of the older German Humanistic School, the younger humanist Conrad Celtes, the pedagogue Jakob Wimpheling and that "marvel in three languages", Johann Reuchlin. The learned Æneas Silvius Piccolomini was chancellor of the university in his capacity of provost of Worms and, as Pope Pius II, always favored it with his friendship and good-will. In 1482 Sixtus IV, through a papal dispensation, permitted laymen and even married men to be appointed professors in ordinary of medicine, and in 1553 Pope Julius III sanctioned the allotment of ecclesiastical benefices to secular professors.

Background on the university at Giessen
The University of Giessen (Gießen), officially called Justus Liebig-Universität Gießen after its most famous member, the founder of modern agricultural chemistry and inventor of artificial fertiliser. The University of Giessen was founded in 1607 as a Lutheran university in the city of Giessen in Hesse-Darmstadt because the all-Hessian Landesuniversität (the nearby University of Marburg (Philipps-Universität Marburg) in Marburg, Hesse-Kassel) had become Reformed (that is, Calvinist). It was then called "Ludoviciana" and only renamed after World War II. Belonging to a very small and poor German state, Giessen was always a minor and poor German university, a "stepping-stone university" where professors had their very first chair but moved on as soon as they could (with the exception of the strong agricultural and veterinary fields). Its academic heyday was the mid-19th century.
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