[Many cousins and friends have kindly provided material to the writer for this compilation. They are too numerous to mention, but special gratitude goes to Bill Sparrow, Lewis McCloud, Thomas H Carraway, Sr., and Ann Carraway Ivins.]
[No attempt is made here to provide a comprehensive account of the Carraway family, but only the 18th century Carraways who lived in Craven County, with the focus on the family of Sarah Clayton, the writer's ggg grandmother. Other material will be added here as it becomes available. The career of Sarah Clayton may be pursued at the Clayton file.]
The first Carraway in this country was said to be Jon or John. He is reported by some to have arrived in VA in the 1630's.
1642 Christopher Boyce patented 2000 acres at Peankatanke R. for transporting many settlers, amonng them Jon Carraway, Jon Williams, Edmund Porter, Jr. and Sr. and John Porter Jr. and Sr, Elizabeth Flowerdieu, Thomas Kemp and John Nemmo. (Most of these people settled in Lower Norfolk Co. near the Elizabeth River.
Another authority puts it at 1644:
1644 John Sydney, gent., patented 200 acres in Lower Norfolk on north side of E. Branch of Elizabeth River for the transportation of four persons:
John Carraway, John Clarke, Ann Robinson and Elizabeth Flowerdieu.
John Carraway, lived in what later became Princess Anne VA and married Anne Foster Williamson, a widow, in 1649 in Lower Norfolk Co., VA. He was thought to have been born ca 1619 in York, Yorkshire, England (other authorities say Lacock, England), and died ca 1669 in Lower Norfolk Co.
The marriage took place ca 1649. Only one son survived from this union. (In 1667 Bartholomew Hoskins of Princess Anne, but now resident of Currituck, NC sold a slave to "John Carraway, Sr., Husband of Step-Daughter Anne Foster Williamson Carraway".)
According to Virginia Antiquities Vol 3, page 29 a petition was presented to the Lower Norfolk Court Dec. 15, 1654 by 24 citizens praying that "some speedy Course may be taken to procure an able Minister..." Among the signers was John Carraway, Richard Foster, Lancaster Lovett and Edward Cannon. Foster was likely Carraway's father-in-law or brother-in-law. His grandson, also John Carraway, married Elizabeth Cannon.
Two other signers of the petition deserve our scrutiny: Edward Hall and Thomas Ivey. Both of these surnames were later associated with Carraway in Craven Co. Study of the records reveal quite a number of other families living with the Carraways jointly in Princess Anne Co. VA and Craven Co. NC. 1652 John Carrowaye witnessed the will of William Moseley Elder. The will mentions a tract of land Moseley bought of George Kempe
The known children of John Carraway (I) were:
1. Elizabeth b. 1651; md William Nichols in 1671. (
According to C.A.Critchell in the Whitehurst Forum #342 Nichols came to America as indentured servants of William Whitehurst; both of the families and the Goldsmiths as well were Quakers, but soon became Anglicans. Note that Richard, Robert and John all married Nichols/Nicholas girls; note also that Andrewe Nichols was on the 1652 Grand Jury with Richard Whitehurst.)
As late as the middle of the 19th century the Carraway and Nichols families intermarried:
In 1849 Peter Nichols married Rebecca Carraway in Craven Co., NC.
summary: Andrew Nichol(as)--father of William Nichols who md Eliz
Henry, bro. of Andrew, was father-in-law of Robert Whitehurst, Sr.
Richard, another bro; his dau. Margaret md Richard Whitehurst, brother of Robert, Sr. Two brothers: Robert and Richard Whitehurst md daus of brothers Henry and Richard Nicholas. Another bro, Andrew was father-in-law of Eliz Carraway.
2. Mary b. 1657; md Lancaster Lovett in 1677.
3. John 1652-1728
John Carraway 2 (ca 1652-1728) lived in Princess Anne Co. About 1674 he married Ann Kemp, daughter of George Kemp and Mary Lovett.
In the will of Thomas Jefferson, grandfather to "The Thomas Jefferson",Ann (Kempe) Carraway, wife of John, II, was to receive one pound sterling for the purchase of a mourning ring, a common custom of those days for a grandfather. John and Ann may have named their fifth son after him. (This by courtesy of Carraway researcher Lewis McCloud.)
The children of John and Anne Kemp Carraway were John, Richard, James, Ann, Elizabeth, William, Thomas, Mary and Dinah although the order of their birth has not been determined:
1. John (1675-1719)
2. Richard (1677-1710)
3. James (1679-1761)
4. Ann (1681) (md John Whitehurst, ca 1701)
5. Elizabeth (1684-1734)
6. William (1686)
7. Thomas (1689-1769)
8. Dinah (1691-1732)
(This list is taken from the website of cousin Lew McCloud.)
John, Richard, and James all died in VA. (Other authorities say
this James went to Craven with brothers Thomas and William.)
Ann, Elizabeth, and Thomas are all said to have married a Whitehurst; according to one account Ann married John Whitehurst in 1701, and Elizabeth married him in 1703. Others say that Elizabeth married Richard Whitehurst..
Mary married John Lovett; note that Mary's maternal grandmother was a Lovett.
The other three children: William, Thomas and Dinah (wife of Benedictus Horsington) went to Craven Co. NC, shortly after the death of their father. Between 1729 and 1732 they acquired land, largely on the north shore of the Neuse River below New Bern (in what later became Pamlico Co.) and also disposed of property they had in Princess Ann.
1716 In Deed Book 3 of Princess Anne Co.
on p 35 John Carroway Sr. and wife Ann made a deed of gift
of 100 acres each to sons Thomas, William and James at Bowin's River
witnesses: Richard Corbet and Mary Canon
This Mary Cannon may have been the mother-in-law of John Carraway III.
John 2 had a sister, Mary who married Lancester Lovett in 1677 and had a number of children. It seems likely they, or at least some of them may also have moved to NC. (In 1728 John Lovett, Cordwinder and Lance Lovett were sharing 160 acres on the west side of Adams Cr, evidenced by a deed witnessed by Randal Lovett.)
(In 1733 in Princess Anne James Carraway acquired 67 acres "on the Western Shore called Labour in Vain". This property was adjacent to a 500 acre tract patented in 1658 by Lancaster Lovett.
Children of John and Anne Carraway included:
1. William Carraway- In 1729 he and his wife Anne, daughter of William Moore were living in North Carolina and sold her share of her father's estate in Princess Anne to John Fentress. (Was Anne Moore Carraway related to the John Moore who lived on the Lower Broad Cr. in 1729?)
2. Dinah Carraway, the wife Benedict Horsington, who acquired 275 acres on the north shore of the Neuse and Powells Cr.
3. Thomas Carraway acquired the adjoining 275 acres.
4. John Carraway III (ca 1675-1719), son of John II, md Elizabeth Cannon ca 1695. She was the daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Martin Cannon. John III probably died in VA, but his son John IV appears to have gone to Craven Co. with his wife, Margaret Keeling.
1719 The will of John III, proved in Prince Anne Co. mentions children:
Edward (ca 1698-1723)
John (ca 1700-ca1776) (Dobbs Co. NC)
Thomas (ca 1704-91) (Wayne Co., NC)
Elizabeth (ca 1707)
Ann (ca 1709)
Sarah (ca 1712)
exors: sons John and Edward
John 4 married Margaret Keeling, daughter of Thomas Keeling and Elizabeth Lovett--most likely a Carraway cousin. (Recall that Ann Kemp Carraway's mother was Mary Lovett, and Mary Carraway, John 2's sister, married Lancaster Lovett.)
John and Margaret were in Craven County with the other Carraways, but moved inland to areas which eventually became Dobbs and Wayne Counties. (Some of the Keelings came with them to North Carolina.) They had settled first and spent a few years on Powell's Creek, which became Smith Creek on the north shore of the Neuse. Their daughter Elizabeth married Aaron Smith (the Smiths eventually went to South Carolina).
In 1742 they sold Hickory Point, a tract of 800 acres to John Wilson on the north side of Powells Cr. Richard Lovett witnessed a receipt for #700, and the deed was witnessed by West, Carney and Thomas Nelson. 1742 John and Mary Carraway sell to John Wilson 800a n side of Neuse, n side of Powells cr where Richard Smith lived patented 1724 by Richard Smith wits John Carney and Wm Nelson (I wonder if this is John and Margaret Keeling Carraway?)
In 1745 John Carraway made a deed of gift to Aaron Smith, his son-in-law (Book 3; page 80), and the same year he patented 200 acres in Craven about a mile above Green's path on the south prong of Swifts Creek and ns of sd creek adj e side of a reedy branch.
In 1750 John Carroway's house was mentioned in a deed of 80 acres to John Kendricks. The deed was north of Thomas Carraway's land and south of Valentine Bowers'. The description continued on the upper side of a small gut next to the dwelling house of John Carroway.
Sons of John and Margaret Carraway, who were said to have
been born in Craven Co:
Thomas b. ca 1729
John b. ca 1735, moved to Darlington Co. SC
Adam b. ca 1737, moved to Wayne Co. NC
Bedreadon b ca 1742, moved to Cumberland Co. NC
William, (ca 1686), son of John 2 and Ann Carraway, acquired property on the north shore of the Neuse and presumably lived out his life in that area. He married Ann Moore, the daughter of William Moore ca 1707 and had three sons: Arthur, James and William and a daughter, Sarah. The marriage was surely in VA; however a Moore family lived in close proximity to the Carraways on the Lower Broad Cr. in Craven Co.
1745 Samuel Stilwell sold to William Carraway 640 acres on bay side next to Bear River, called Gales Bay, patented 1 May 1714 by Christoper Gale, who gave land to daughter Elizabeth Gale Clayton, who gave it to her daughter Sarah Clayton who married the said Samuel Stilwell. (They were Perquimans Co. Claytons, probably unrelated to James Clayton of Craven Co.)
(In 1767 John Carruthers (Was this the husband of Patti Carraway?) purchased two tracts from John Moore on the Lower Broad and almost immediately sold them to James Clayton for the same price. It thus appears he was acting as agent for one or both. Was this John Moore part of the family of Ann Moore, who had married William Carraway? one tract was on the N side of Lower Broad, and the other on the south side of the head of Lower Broad, said to be John Moore's 1730 patent.)
Children of William Carraway and Ann Moore are:
1. Sarah Carraway, born (ante 1740) in Craven County, North Carolina; died in Craven County, North Carolina. Sarah married Thomas Delamar ca 1770. Among their descendants were son, Francis Delamar, and grandson Churchill Delamar, who married Polly Clayton, daughter of Rev. James Clayton.
2 James Carraway, (1713-73) (See below.)
3. Arthur Carraway, born in Craven County, North Carolina; died in Craven County, North Carolina. He had a son William, mentioned in the will of his uncle, William Carraway, Jr.
1762 Arthur Carraway witnessed the deed of Elizabeth West, spinster of Craven to James Carraway of 500a recorded to the patent, adj land formerly that of Chas Flipton (Shipton?)
In 1767 Arthur Carraway received a gift from his father William
Carraway of Beaufort:
Deed Book 14 Page 153:
I William Carraway of Co. of Beaufort for tender regard and fatherly affection to my son Arthur grant a tract on the north side of Neuse and w side of Dawson's creek to Franklin's corner s side of deep run branch to a pine near the cross roads to Ackeses' line along line of Ackeses 390a part of patent granted to Joseph Crispin April 1767 and by deed from Crispin to Wm carraway dated 14 july 1767. wits James Carraway, Thomas Delamar and John Carruthers
4. William Carraway , Jr., born in Craven County, North Carolina; died in Craven County, North Carolina. He married Mary in Craven County, North Carolina. This would appear to be the William who died 1783 in Craven Co. In 1752 Wm, Jr. received a grant from William Carraway (Craven Co. Deed Book 7 page 135.
5. Patti Carraway, born in May of 1745, the daughter of William and Susannah Carraway, married John Carruthers. (This from the "Old Carruthers Bible", recorded on page 386 in Cousin Margaret Clayton Russell's book, James Clayton of NC. Patti and her husband John Carruthers were the parents of Sarah Leith Carruthers, who married Thomas Clayton's son, Nelson Clayton. Nelson was the cousin of James and Mary Clayton.
In 1783 the executors of the Craven Co. will of James Clayton were
son William Clayton and friends William Carraway, Esq and Joseph Good.
The same year William Carraway, Esq, also had a will.
nephew Francis Delamar plantation where I now live: 510a and 1
tract I bought of John Edge Thomason 200a
and 3 other tracts I patented myself lying between Beards Crk and
Goose Cr. (This property is also mentioned in 1750:
Thomas Carraway buys 460a from Geo Brim Harris of Carteret Co.
between Upper Broad and Goose Cr., patented by Harris.)
wits John Carraway and Southey Rew.
(This would suggest that this William may have been Thomas' son, rather than William's son, but the preponderance of the evidence seems to point toward William rather than Thomas.)
to nephew Thomas Delamar 1 negro boy
to sister Patty Carruthers 1 negro
to Reese Sparrow 1 negro
to Churche Nelson 1 negro
to neices Mary, Sarah, Flaky and Anna Bryan 1 negro each
exors wife Mary and Francis Delamar, son of Tho Delamar
wits Francis Sparrow Henry Tillman Phierly Bexley
From this will we learn that William Carraway, Esq. had a sister, Patty Carruthers, and presumably a sister, Sarah Delamar, and perhaps another sister who married a Nelson and another who married a Dawson. Or brother, Arthur may have had a daughter who married a Dawson. There are many possibilities. It also appears that if William had children, they didn't survive him.
The first of the three sons of William and Ann Moore Carraway is thought to be James Carraway. He was reported to be born and died in Craven County, North Carolina.
In 1757 James Carraway, Reuben Parker,and William Carraway
obtained a 300 acre patent on the east side of Pamlico Rd in Craven
Co. It was adj. to John Nelson
(Hofman 1735-64 1043 Pat Book 2 p. 169)
In 1771 James Carraway and Christopher Dawson cosigned a bond for James Clayton to qualify as admin of Acenah Edwards, decd. James' son, Joseph, married James Clayton's step daughter, Sarah Edwards about that time.
1773 Will of James Carraway:
Enoch inherited 100 acres on the Bay River.
Joseph married Sarah Edwards, step daughter of James Clayton
Nancy md Fipps
1777 Will of Gideon Carraway:
wife Mary most of property
sister Nancy Fipps 30 lbs.
sister Fanny Carraway my big chest
exors: friends Joshua Fulcher and Thomas Delamar
witness James and William Clayton and Francis Delamar
1807 Will of Joseph Carraway
wife Sarah use of home plantation and "the plantation where Henry lives" and 6 negroes during her widowhood.
son Gideon the plantation I bought of Dawson Bryan. (Gideon married Susannah, daughter of Paul and Ann Jennett Sparrow.)
daughter Fanny Nelson, wife of John Sedgewick Nelson 5 negroes
son Henry 3 negroes
son Gideon 8 negroes and plantation I bought from William Fulcher on Pierces Cr.
son Gideon plantation where I live at my wife's death
exors wife and sons Henry and Gideon
witnesses Thomas Sparrow, Jr. and Thomas Parsons, Jr.
1810 will of Sarah Carraway
son Henry a negro girl until my grandson Charles Carraways comes to 21
daughter Fanny Nelson negro man Jacob
granddaughter Polly Nelson negro woman
granddaughter Ester Nelson two negroes
son Gideon Carraway negro boy and all unmentioned property
exors son Henry Carraway and son-in-law John Nelson
witnesses .... Eliza (illegible)
Thomas Carraway was born in 1689 in Princess Anne Co VA, the son of John and Ann Kemp Carraway. His father died in 1728; Thomas and his siblings, William and Diana (Horsington) moved to Craven Co. NC
It is reported that Thomas Carraway married Mary Whitehurst, perhaps the sister of John Whitehurst, who had married Thomas's sister. (I would love to see some authentication of this report.)
In 1729 Thomas Carraway acquired property in Craven Co. NC . Two
years later he sold his property in Princess Anne to William
W. Whitehurst of Princess Ann (perhaps his father-in-law):
94 acres on Bowing River, part of 238 acres, part of 447 acresgranted to John Carraway 02 May 1706. [Deed Bk 4:381]
Thomas acquired property at various points in the area of Craven that became Pamlico. (Pamlico is largely a peninsular of Pamlico Bay, with the Bay River estuary on the north and the estuary of the Neuse on the south. The Carraways took up land largely in this area, although some purchases were made on the south shore of the Neuse.) Thomas acquired large holdings of land along the north shore of the Neuse River not far from the point at which it became Pamlico Sound.
A series of creeks flow more or less southward into the river where it is actually a wide estuary. Beginning with the Upper Broad, which forms the boundary between present day Craven and Pamlico counties and going east toward the sound one meets the mouths of Goose Cr., Beard Cr., Dawson's Cr., Greens Cr with its northern fork, Kershaw Cr., Smith Cr., Whitaker Cr., Pierce (sometimes Pearce) Cr., and finally the Lower Broad. Most of these creeks are named after early settlers who took up land along the north shore of the river.
It is difficult to ascertain where Thomas Carraway and his siblings and children located because they acquired land at various parts of the Pamlico peninsular. However study of the deeds does give some clues. Thomas had a good bit of the north shore between the Upper Broad and Beard Cr. on both sides of Goose Cr. A present day Geological Survey map of the area shows a small indentation named Carraway Bay; it's a couple of miles east of the mouth of Goose Cr. This is surely one of the points that Thomas Carraway owned.
Between 1729 and 1751 Thomas Carraway acquired some 1500 acres
on the north shore of the Neuse:
275 acres from Edmund Pearce, probably down around Pierce's Cr.,
130 acres above Dawson's Cr.,
179 acres at the head of Cashaw's Cr.
a patent for 379 acres (location unknown to this writer),
260a at head of Trent and Bare.
150 acres on the upper side of Woodward's Gut, and
460 acres between the Upper Broad and Goose Cr. (beginning about 2 miles above 'Carraway Bay'). 0
125a in the ne fork of Powells Creek.
At some point the family came into possession of land on the Lower Broad where lived some families intimately associated with the Carraways. Among these were particularly the Brooks, Bryans, Delamars, and Claytons. The 275 acre tract he got from Edmund Pearce in 1729 may have been near the Lower Broad. (There were a number of Thomas Carraways in Craven County through the 18th century, and it is not always easy to identify which one is concerned with a particular conveyance.)
Thomas' birth is estimated at 1689. He married a girl
named Mary. (From Cousin Ann Caraway Ivins I learned that this Mary
was probably a Whitehurst; note that at least one of Thomas' sisters
had married a Whitehurst.) The children of Thomas and Mary were:
Amy Carraway, m. Collins, Bef 1769. (Thomas Collins?)
Mary Carraway, m. Saunders, Bef 1769.
Elizabeth Carraway, m. Brooks (William Brooks seems a likely husband)
John Carraway, d. 1789 in Craven Co., NC.
Nathaniel Carraway, d. 1795, Craven Co., NC.
Richard Carraway, d. 1777, Craven Co., NC.
William Carraway, said to have died in Princess Anne Co., VA.
Little is known by the present writer about most of Thomas' children, although he has made a closer study of Nathaniel Carraway, father of Sarah Carraway Clayton (see below).
Thomas is thought to be the oldest son of Thomas. There are deeds which refer to Thomas, Sr and Thomas, Jr. and study of these deeds may give some insight into the identity of the various Thomas Carraways in Craven Co.
In 1750 Thomas Carraway was listed in the militia company of Capt Shearard
In 1758 Thomas Sr. conveyed to son Thomas Jr. the 130 acres which he had acquired from Randolph Fisher in 1729. It was said to be above Dawson's Creek and between the land of Thomas Pierson and Valentine Bowers, both decd. >br> In 1767 Arthur Carraway, Thomas Sr.'s nephew received as a gift 390 acres at more or less the same place, the west side of Dawson's Creek. His father, William Carraway of Beaufort, had just purchased this property from Joseph Crispin.
In 1770 Thomas Carraway Jr. purchased land at head of Trent and
Smith Creeks from William Brooks:
Wm Brooks and Thomas Carraway Jr for 15 pds, between head of Trent and Smith Creeks 50a, part of William Brooks patent dated 22 Dec 1768 beg John Howard, to John Mills line now Smith Sparrow's line, along to William Carraway's line to John Howards line and to beg.
wits: Wm Carraway Thomas Collins John Carraway Jr
Note that Thomas Collins was likely the husband of Amy Carraway, another of Thomas Carraway Sr's children.
1767 Carraway Arthur from Carraway Wm deed of gift:
I William Carraway of Co. of Beaufort for tender regard and fatherly affection to my son Arthur the north side of neuse and w side of Dawson's creek to Franklin corner s side of deep run branch to a pine near the cross roads to ackeses? line along line of Ackeses 390a part of patent granted to Joseph Crispin April 1767 and by deed from Crispin to Wm Carraway dated 14 july 1767.
wits James Carraway, Thomas Delamar and John Carruthers
Witnesses were James Carraway and William Bryan.
John Carraway, son of Thomas, is said to have lived and died in Craven Co., married Margaret Stewart, about whose family much is known, and died ca 1789, naming three sons: Thomas, John, and Edward.
Thomas, son of John, son of Thomas, was born ca 1751. He married Catherine S. Stuart (likely a family connection of Margaret Carraway). He served in the Battalion of Col. John Patton during the Revolution. His son Thomas (1783-1842) married Rebecca Carey (1784-1865). Their son, Daniel Thomas Carraway (1933-98) married Sarah Bennett and served in the Confederate Army as a major. Their son John Bennett Carraway, lived in New Bern and had three children: William E. Carraway, Gertrude Sprague, and Rose Brooks. (Isn't it interesting that 5 generations after Thomas's sister Elizabeth had married a Brooks, his ggg granddaughter also married a Brooks.)
Going back to Thomas Carraway's siblings:
Dinah Carraway, daughter of John and Ann Kemp Carraway was born ca 1691. She married Horsington ca 1710 and had four daughters: Elizabeth, Dinah, Mary and Sarah. They lived, at least for a time on the Neuse near the other Carraways. (In at least one deed the name was spelled Herrington.)
Nathaniel Carraway (1745-95), son of Thomas and Mary Carraway, married Mary. Nathaniel's will provides most of the information that we have:
It begins with the usual elaborate religious 'boilerplate'
common in that day. It then continues with various items:
wife Mary: use of his property for her natural life or widowhood.
1. son-in-law Joshua Ballance: "all I've given him".
2. son Joshua: 1 feather bed, 1 cow and calf, 4 head sheep, etc.
3. son Nathaniel: 75 acres in the swamp; 1 feather bed, etc. He married Mary Clayton in 1795.
4. daughter Sarah Clayton: 1 cow and calf, 1 feather bed, etc. She married James Clayton in 1792.
5. daughter Elizabeth Carraway: 1 feather bed, etc.
6. daughter Mary Carraway: 1 feather bed, etc.
7. and 8. sons Levi and Demsi to get home plantation.
9. son Asa to get home plantation if Levi and Demsi die with no issue.
exors: wife Mary, sons Joshua and Nathaniel
witnesses: Thomas Sparrow, Joseph Burney, Rounds (?) Munford
In a codicil Nathaniel said that he had survived until 7 Jan. 1795. He gave son Joshua a desk, daughter Elizabeth a loom, and all his slaves to his three daughters. (1788 Sarah Brooks md Joshua Carraway in Craven.)
The same year Nathaniel's estate account was audited by Alex
Carruthers, Francis Delamar, and Chisih? Pittman. Some time later
it was examined by Francis Delamar and Alex and John Carruthers.
(Most of these people were probably members of the Carraway
Here is the line of Cousin Ann Carraway Ivins:
Nathaniel I, born about 1745 to Thomas and Mary Whitehurst Carraway. Died 1795, New Bern District, Craven County, N.C. Married Mary ______.
Nathaniel II (Jr.) married Mary Clayton 1792. (This is presumably
the daughter of William Clayton and sister of Rev. James Clayton, who
married Nathaniel's sister, Sarah.
In 1800 Nathan 'Cairaway' is listed in the Craven County, N.C. census.
Nathaniel III., born about 1795.
Vestal Nathaniel (or Vestal H. which I now believe is correct.) born about 1815, South Carolina. Died ?? Married Eliza R. Young, born in South Carolina, died Milam Texas. Have a land record for him in Mississippi from 1841. 1830 census, Miss. lists him in Yazoo County. A cousin says that in the 1830 census they only listed heads of households and Vestal would have only been 15 if he had been born in 1815.
Here is a record giving infomation on Vestal found on a website:
State of Mississippi Holmes County
Personally appeared before me Vestal H. Carraway a Justice of the Peace of said County the above named Ephriam Polk who acknowledged that he signed, sealed, and delivered the foregoing deed on the day and year therein mentioned at the same time appeared Matilda Polk wife of the said Ephriam Polk who being examined separate and apart from her said husband acknowledged that she signed sealed, and delivered the foregoing deed on the day and year therein mentioned without fear or compulsion of her said husband. Given under my hand and seal this 12th day of December A.D 1836.
signed: H. Carraway (SEAL)
Nathaniel Jackson Caraway, b. 1835, Mississippi, d. May 10, 1864 from wounds received at Battle of Jenkins Ferry, Arkansas. Married Mary Ann Speights, Dec. 10, 1853, Hemphill, Texas (b. Dec. 6, 1835, Mississippi; died. Dec. 28, 1910, Logansport LA.)
William Vestal Caraway, b. May 27, 1857, Hemphill, Texas; d. April 27, 1902, Dumas, TX. Married Sarah Inez Wilson (b. Jan. 21, 1866, Texas; d. March 26, 1938, Hot Springs, Ark.)
Benjamin Caraway, b. April 6, 1885, East Hamilton, Texas; d. September 10, 1964, Houston, Texas. Married Ophelia Muller, Nov. 28, 1917 in New Orleans. (Ophelia b. Nov. 12, 1891, New Orleans, d. July 17, 1979, Houston.
Vestal Henry Caraway, b. Nov. 27, 1918, Houston; d. June 2, 1983, Houston. Married Agnes Loretta Collerain on August 18, 1945 (b. April 27, 1919, Galveston; d. Aug. 16, 1982, Houston). Two natural children: Ann Elizabeth, b. 4-23-1947, Houston; Benjamin Dowling Caraway, M.D., b. Nov. 9, 1954, Houston; d. Dec. 30, 2000, Atlanta, GA. Agnes' son James Robert b. Dec. 14, 1941 was the son of her first husband, later adopted by Vestal.
Ann Caraway Ivins (me) - m. J. Leonard Ivins, 5-10-1973. One son, Michael Leonard Caraway Ivins, b. June 25, 1974.
In 1729 Thomas Carraway, with most of his father's family, came from Princess Anne Co. VA to settle along the lower Neuse River in Craven Co. NC (it was then Craven Precinct.) In 1767 James Clayton of Hyde (but originally of Kent Co. DE) acquired property along the Lower Broad Creek, near the mouth of the Neuse.
About 1770 James Clayton's step daughter, Sarah Edwards, became the wife of Joseph Carraway. Carraways and Claytons had adjacent property on the north side of Lower Broad Cr. (This is the first association that I've found in the records between the two families, although it seems likely that they were acquainted in Hyde Co. before James Clayton moved to Craven.
In 1771 James Carraway, Joseph's father, cosigned the bond of James Clayton to act as administrator of the estate of Asenah Edwards.
The will of James Clayton in 1783 indicates that his home plantation was adjacent to William Clayton, Joseph Carraway and Joseph Good. His exors were "my son William Clayton and my friends William Carraway Esqr and Joseph Good" (Presumably this is the William Carraway whose will was also made in 1783.)
In 1774 James Clayton, blacksmith purchased 250 acres on the south side of Bay River and east side of Trent Creek, "being half of Joseph Brooks patent for 500 acres of 5 May 1769. Three years later Nathaniel Carraway, son of Thomas Carraway, bought 75 acres "part of William Brooks patent for 300 acres at the head of Trent Cr. It bordered land already owned by a younger Thomas Carraway, probably Nathaniel's brother.
In 1792 two children of Nathaniel Carraway married Claytons: Sarah married James Clayton, son of William Clayton. Her brother, Nathaniel, Jr. married Mary Clayton, most likely James Clayton's sister.
The older Mary Clayton, widow of James (elder) made a will in 1795. In it she left her modest estate among other people to grandsons Gideon and Henery Carroway and Mary Carroway. Also to grandson Steven Delamar and to Wm Clayton. And to her daughter, Eunie Clayton, who soon married James Cannon and eventually followed the other Claytons to Georgia. (Some of the Carraways in Craven Co. also belonged to the Cannon family, but most of them soon move up the river into Dobbs and Wayne Counties.) Mary made Jesse Lester, husband of her deceased daughter Elizabeth Clayton, her executor. The will was witnessed by James Clayton (grandson of the original James who had come to Craven in 1767) and Griffen Hammontree and proved in the Dec. term in 1795.
In 1792 Sarah Carraway married James Clayton, son of William Clayton of the Lower Broad Creek area. The same year Nathaniel Carraway married Mary Clayton. (The identity of this second marriage in 1792 is uncertain. Very likely it was Sarah's brother marrying James' sister.)
Information about the descendants of Sarah Carraway Clayton may be found in the Clayton file.
Additions, comments, criticism, corrections, questions or whatever are welcome: send such to Larry Clayton 1906 SE 8th St., Ocala FL 34471
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