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Samuel Jeter was born in 1714, probably Essex County, Virginia. He was the son of John Jeter, Sr. who removed to Essex County before 1704.

On May 14, 1736, John Jeter II was named as administrator of John Jeter's estate. This is recorded in the Caroline Court Order Book Two. His securities were his brothers, Nicholas and William Jeter. On June 11, 1735, an inventory of John Jeter, Sr.'s estate was filed.

In April of 1741, a case of trespass, assault and battery against Samuel was dismissed. In August of 1758 Samuel was placed under bond. The following is a quote from Grata Jeter Clark's book: " case Samuel Jeter does not keep the peace and be on good behavior to all his Majesties subjects for a year and a day he is to forfeit his bond to Caroline Coll.

Samuel must have calmed down in his later years, as he became a prosperous planter. Judging from the Deeds of Gift he made prior to his death, he became a wealthy man. These gifts consisted of numerous slaves, much livestock and many acres of land.

About 1763 Samuel Jeter removed from Caroline County, Virginia to Halifax County, North Carolina, where he resided briefly before removing to Granville County, NC. He remained in Granville County until he died in 1795.

Samuel Jeter's wife (possibly his second) was Mary Dudley, the daughter of John Dudley, Jr. and Ursula Beverly. John Dudley, Jr. was born in Middlesex County Virginia in June of 1695. His will was proved in Carolina County, Virginia on March 8, 1750. John Dudley Jr's parents were John Dudley and Elizabeth Hill.

Ursula Beverly was the daughter of Robert Beverly and and Ursula Byrd, and the granddaughter of Major Robert Beverly and Mary Keeble. Ursula Byrd's father was Col. William Byrd.

Samuel Jeter died intestate in August of 1795. Mary Dudley Jeter moved to Wake County, North Carolina where her daughter Caty Hicks (wife of Bishop Hicks) and son Dudley Jeter lived.

Mary Dudley Jeter died sometime after May 7, 1803. on that date she recorded a deed of gift of a slave to her son, Robert Jeter.







Samuel Jeter and Mary Dudley had the following five children:



Records of John Thomas Odom, Mena, Arkansas

The Jeter Mosaic, Grata Jeter Clark; published by Arcadia-Clark, Inc., P. 0. Box 100085, Fort Worth, Texas 76185; 1987.








Note: p. 424 is a tree showing the descdendants of Samule Jeter












Another name in the ancestry of the Hicks/Kennedy families is Dudley. Mary (Dudley) Jeter, mother of Catherine "Caty" Jeter who married Bishop Hicks (not to be confused with Willis Bishop Hicks) was the daughter of John Dudley, Jr. and Ursula Beverly. John Dudley was a descendant of the Dudley who settled in Middlesex County, Virginia.

Ursula Beverly was the daughter of Robert Beverly and Ursula Byrd. Robert Beverly's parents were Major Robert Beverly and Mary Keeble. Ursula Byrd's father was Col. William Byrd.

The known children of John and Ursula Dudley were as follows:

John, Jr., Thomas, William, Jane (born cl733), Mary (born cl732), Ann and Ursula.

According to Caroline County, Virginia Court Order Books sometime during 1742-45, John and Ursula Dudley sold three tracts of land.

John Dudley died before March 8, 1750, as on that date his will was presented in the Caroline County Court by his sons John Jr. and William. on that same date, Jane and Mary Dudley chose as their guardian, their brother William. William was also appointed to be guardian of Ann, the youngest daughter.

On September 21, 1752, William Dudley, as guardian of Mary and Jane, presented an account of their share of their father's estate. John Odom believes that by 1852 Mary and Jane were married to Samuel Jeter and Samuel Sneed, respectively. Both girls would subsequently have sons named "Dudley".

During the period 1750-65, several Dudley and Jeter families left the Essex-Caroline area and moved to Nottoway Parish in Amelia County, Virginia. on November 23, 1769, Amelia County, Virginia, Andrew Lea/Lee and Elizabeth Dudley, daughter of Thomas Dudley, were married. The witnesses present were William Dudley and Jane Sneed, brother and sister of Thomas Dudley.

William Dudley died in Nottoway County, Virginia, but made a non-cupative will on February 2, 1799, shortly before his death. He was married to Racheal Knight (his second wife) and since they had no children, he left his property to his wife during her lifetime, and after her death the property was to be divided equally among all the






children of his three sisters.

According to Granville County, North Carolina Records, on August 4, 1800, Mary (Dudley) Jeter of Wake County North Carolina granted a Power Of Attorney to her son Robert Jeter of Granville County, to collect her share of her deceased brother's estate.

According to Court Records of both Nottaway County, VA and Granville County, NC, Samuel Sneed and his wife Jane Sneed, and Mary Jeter, Granville County, sold 133 Acres of land in Nottoway County. This acreage was a part of the tract of land on which William Dudley, deceased, once lived.

Racheal Dudley paid 600 pounds for the land. Apparently she acquired a widow's dower for part of the tract of land.

In December of 1801, Stephen Sneed for Samuel Sneed, Robert Jeter for Mary Jeter, and Andrew Lea for Elizabeth (daughter of Thomas Dudley), all of North Carolina, sold property which they had inherited from William Dudley in Nottoway County, Virginia. Stephen Sneed, son of Samuel Sneed, was Clerk of the Court for Granville County, North Carolina in 1802.







Records of John Thomas Odom, Mena, Arkansas

The Jeter Mosaic, Grata Jeter Clark; published by Arcadia-Clark, Inc., P. 0. Box 100085, Fort Worth, Texas, 76185: 1987.









It is believed that Sherwood Harris, Sr. is one of the ancestors of the Hicks and Kennedy families. He lived in Goochland County, Virginia but may have been born in Hanover (formerly New Kent) County, Virginia.

Sherwood Harris, Sr. was a first cousin of the Robert Harris who was a member of the Virginia House of Burgess from Hanover Co. and a brother of Robert who was a State Senator of North Carolina.

It is not known when Sherwood and his family moved to North Carolina, but on October 21, 1756 he sold a tract of land located in Goochland County, Virginia.

Records in North Carolina show that Sherwood owned land on Fishing Creek. He was a Captain in the Granville County Militia.

Sherwood Harris, Sr. was probably born between 1715 and 1718. Mr. Odom believes that he was married twice, the second time to Jane, last name unknown. His will was dated June 15, 1763 and proved during the August court term in Granville Co. NC. In the will he mentioned his wife Jane, along with his six children: Sherwood, Jr., Sarah, John, Elizabeth, Ann and Mary Hicks/Hix. He also mentioned his son-in-law, Absalom Hicks. The executors of Sherwood Harris, Sr.'s will were his wife, Jane Harris, and his brother, Robert Harris, Sr.








Records of John Thomas Odom, Mena, Arkansas. He researched this line during the years of 1971 through 1976.










Another ancestral name in the Hicks and Kennedy families is that of Nance.

Richard and Alice Nance came to the Colony of Virginia from England in 1639. According to the book entitled Cavaliers and Pioneers; Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents by Nugent,on March 18 3 1639, Richard Nance acquired 300 acres in Henrico County, Virginia, for transportation of six persons, including his then wife, Alice Nance, into Henrico County. In 1605, according to Colonial Virginia Abstracts, Richard was living in Charles City County, VA.

John Nance (cl655-1716) may have been the son of Richard and Alice Nance. John's wife may have been Sarah Golkins. According to records in Prince George County, Virginia, John's will was probated in the year 1716. In the will, John mentioned his wife, Sarah Nance; his sons John Nance II and Richard Nance, and his three daughters, Susan Nance, Elizabeth Gregory and Elinor Warpole.

John Nance II (cl690-1762) was the oldest child of John and Sarah Nance. Records in Prince George County, VA show that in 1722 and again in 1731, John Nance II sold land located on the north side of Hatcher.

Sometime between the years of 1736 and 1745, John Nance II, along with his wife Jane and several of their children, moved from Prince George County to Lunnenburg CO.VA. His will was probated on July 6, 1762 in Lunnenburg Co. In this will he mentioned his children, including his son John Nance III. On March 31, 1760, two years before his death, John Nance II was given notice "lands not processed for want of attendance".

John Nance III (cl7l8-1782) was baptized in 1719, according to Bristol Parish Records, Prince George Co. He married when he was about sixteen years old, to Martha, last name unknown. Vestry Book and Register of Bristol Parish Virginia by Chamberlayne states that John and Martha's first child, Giles, was born on May 4, 1735.

John Nance III and his family moved from Lunnenburg Co. VA to Nottaway Parish of Amelia Co. VA before 1754. They later moved to Pittsylvania Co. VA. where they were residing when Martha Nance, relict of John Nance III was granted Letters of Administration on behalf of the late John Nance III Estate. This was in the 1780's.

The exact date of Martha's death is not known, but records in Pittsylvania Co. show an inventory of the property of






Martha Nance was made in 1796.

Giles Nance (1735-1810), eldest child of John Nance II and Martha was married to Mary, last name unknown. In December of 1779, Giles received a land grant of 1574 acres in Pittsylvania Co., located on branches of Cascade and Little Sugar Tree Creek. From Pittsyvania Co. Giles moved to Nottoway Co. and then in 1801 to Wake Co. NC. on December 27, 1802, he sold 50 acres in Pittsylvania Co. VA. Seven years later, on December 9, 1809, he sold 100 acres on Sugar Tree Creek.

According to the will of Giles Nance, dated November 5, 1809, he and his wife Mary had nine children. In the will he named his sons Giles and James (hereafter called James Nance, Sr.) as executors of his estate. He also mentioned land which he still owned in Pittsylvania Co. VA. Giles Nance, Jr. was the youngest child of his parents. He was born in 1780 and married Mary Smith of Wake Co. NC in 1804. He moved to Madison County Alabama, where he died in 1852.

James Nance, Sr., son of Giles Nance, Sr., was born in Amelia Co. VA on February 2, 1762. on February 9, 1779, while a resident of Amelia Co. he enlisted as a fifer in a Virginia Regiment. He later re-enlisted for two more terms of service. On January 5, 1801, according to his pension declaration, James Nance removed from Amelia County, VA to Wake County, North Carolina, where in 1832 he was granted a pension. While visiting relatives and friends, James Nance and his brother, William, made their pension declarations in Pittsylvania on September 17, 1832. James is listed in the 1800 Census of Wake Co. even though he gave his date of move as January 5, 1801.

In 1834 James Nance, Sr. a widower, removed from Wake Co. NC to Madison Co. AL where his youngest child, Frederick, resided, as well as Giles Nance, Jr., James' brother. According-to Madison County, Alabama court records, on April 5, 1845, James declared under oath, that he was the same James Nance, Sr. who had made application for a pension in Wake Co. NC, and he now wanted his pension payable to him in Madison Co. AL, where he was then residing with his son, Frederick Nance.

James Nance, Sr. was married three times. He and his first wife (name unknown), were the parents of four children. His second wife was Martha, last name unknown. His third wife was Mrs. Sarah Hunter, an elderly widow whom he married on December 18, 1822 in Wake Co. NC. She died there in 1828.

According to Madison Co. AL Probate Records, Book 8, pp 627-28, James Nance, Sr.'s will was dated October 30, 1839 (see copy of will attached) and was proved March 9, 1840. He






mentioned all six children but left most of his property to his son Frederick, provided that Frederick paid his sister Dorathy Hicks $1,000.00 over a period of ten years. James left one dollar to each of his other children.

According to Revolutionary War Pension Records, James Nance Sr. died in February of 1840, in Madison County, Alabama.

The four children of James Nance, Sr. and his first wife are as follows:

The children of James Nance, Sr. and wife Martha, are as follows:

For those of my readers who are interested in tracing the Nance line on down further, there are countless records of them in the Madison County books published by Pauline Jones Gandrud.




Records of John Thomas Odom, Mena, Arkansas

Madison County, Alabama Records by Pauline Jones Gandrud

Probate Records of Clarke County,Alabama
















Henry Hicks may be our earliest known Hicks ancestor. According to The Complete Book of Immigrants, page 262, on December 22, 1658, Henry Hicks of Tetherington, England, was bound for six years to John Morgan, upholsterer, of Virginia. This fact is recorded in Bristol Record office, England.

On October 4, 1675, according to Virginia Land Grant and Patent Book No. Six, page 563, Thomas Cocke received a land grant of 1983 acres on the north side of the James River in Charles City County Virginia, for the transportation of persons, including Henry Hix/ Hicks.

Twelve years later, on April 20, 1687, according to the Virginia Land Grant and Patent Book Seven, page 556, Thomas Cock, Junr. in Virina Parish, Henrico County, Virginia, reeived a grant of 671 acres for transportation of persons, including Henry Hix/Hicks.

Henry Hicks had at least one brother, Stephen Hicks, whose wife's name is unknown, but they had at least one son, Daniel Hicks, who was married to Joan Hicks. They resided in St. James of Northam Parish, Goochland County, Virginia. Daniel's will of November 24, 1734 named a daughter, Winifred Hicks who married James Bates. They lived first in Goochland County, Virginia, then moved to Halifax County, North Carolina.









Samuel Hicks, Sr. was probably a son of Henry Hicks. On January 1, 1717 Samuel Hicks witnessed a deed from Robert Napier of Henrico County, Virginia to Nicholas Cox of Charles City County, Virginia. This deed was recorded in the 1714-1718 Deed and Will Book of Henrico County Virginia on pages 240-243. Samuel had to be at least 21 years old in order to witness a legal document.

On December 5, 1726 John and Hannah Price of Henrico County, Virginia, sold 69 acres of land to Samuel Hicks of the same county. The property was located in the fork of Tuckahoe Creek ' and Samuel was already residing on the property. The deed was recorded in Deed Book No. 1, Part 1, Henrico (later Goochland) County, Virginia.

Samuel Hicks and others made an appraisal of the estate of Samuel Butler and the appraisal was recorded in Will and Deed Book 1 of Goochland County, VA on May 16, 1732. Major Robert Willis, who presented the appraisal, was Samuel Hicks' brother-in-law.

We do not know when Samuel Hicks married, but we do know that his wife's name was Dianah Willis. The name Willis would be given to Samuel and Dianah's descendants in the years to come.

For a long time I thought my great, great grandfather was named "Willie Bishop Hicks" or "William Bishop Hicks" but then when I learned through John T. Odom what Samuel's wife's maiden name was, then I knew that he was "Willis Bishop Hicks".

On June 5, 1732/33, according to Will and Deed Book 1 of Goochland County, VA Samuel Hicks, planter of that county and state, mortgaged his 69 acres of land for five shillings sterling money of Great Britain. In the mortgage, mention is made of a quarry being on the property.

The 1747 List of Tithables in Goochland Co. VA named three white males age 16 and over in the home of Samuel Hicks, Sr. These were: Samuel Hicks, Snr; his eldest son Henry Hicks; and his son Samuel Hicks, Jnr. Since his youngest son Absalom Hicks, was born about 1733, he was obviously under the age of 16 on June 10, 1747.

Listed on this same 1747 List of Tithables was Goulden Hicks who lived near the Barnett families. According to Goochland Co. Court Minutes Book 6, p.226, in a case of "trespassing", Goulden is named as the defendant. This







case was dismissed during the March Court in 1747. From the same source we learn that both Samuel Hicks and Dianah Willis Hicks were charged by Thomas Farrar with "trespassing

On April 4, 1764 Samuel Hicks, Snr. and his wife Dianah Hicks sold the 69 acres of land which were located in the fork of Tuckahoe Creek, whereon the same were residing. Samuel had acquired the 69 acres of land on December 5, 1726. John Farrar was the purchaser of the 69 acres of land. The transaction was recorded in Will and Deed Book 8, Goochland County, Virginia.

Sometime during the year of 1764 Samuel and Dianah Hicks moved to North Carolina. We know this from the records of Granville Co. NC. On October 22, 1764, Robert Harris, Snr. Esquire, brother and executor of the estate of Captain Sherwood Harris, Snr., for an unknown sum of money, granted 100 acres of land to Samuel Hicks, Snr. This land was located on Tabbs Creek, Granville County, NC. Two of the witnesses to the deed were Absalom Hicks and Mary Harris Hicks, his wife.

Absalom was of course, the youngest son of Samuel Hicks, Snr. and he was married to Mary Harris, daughter of the above mentioned Captain Sherwood Harris and wife Jane. Captain Harris, who died in 1763, owned land on Tuckahoe Creek, St. James Northam Parish, Goochland Co. VA during the years 1753-1755.

On November 29, 1769, Granville CO. NC, the Tax List of that county gave the names of Absalom Hicks and Samuel Hicks, Jnr. along with their father, Samuel Hicks, Snr. All three were listed again in 1770, but in 1771 Mary Harris Hicks replaced her husband, Absalom Hicks, who died in March, 1770.

Samuel Hicks, Sr. was born in the late 1690's and died before November 1772, which is when his will was proved. He was survived by his wife Dianah Hicks and the following children:






Besides mentioning his wife and four children, Samuel Hicks, Sr. made gifts to five of his grandchildren: Nancy Hicks Whitlow, daughter of Dianah and Nathaniel; Solomon Whitlow, son of Dianah and Nathaniel; David Hicks, son of Samuel Hicks, Jr.; James Woodall, son of Agnes and Jacob; and Bishop Hicks, son of Absalom Hicks.








Absalom Hicks was the youngest son of Samuel Hicks, Snr. and Dianah Willis. He was born in Virginia. He was under the age of 16 in 1747, so he was probably born around 1733. He married Mary Harris, daughter of Sherwood Harris. Mary was born cl740 so the marriage probably took place in the late 1750's.

Absalom died in Granville Co. North Carolina. His will was dated February 8, 1770 and proved during the April term of Court the same year. He left all of his estate to his wife Mary. One of the witnesses to the will was Sherwood Harris, Jr., Mary's brother.

For a long time I thought that Bishop Hicks was the only son of Absalom Hicks and his wife Mary Harris Hicks, since Bishop was the only son of Absalom's who was mentioned in the will of Samuel Hicks, Snr. However, John T. Odom gave me copies of two affidavits proving that Absalom had two other sons: Absalom, inr. and Harris Hicks.

During the 1832 Fall Term of the Granville Co. NC Superior Court, James Gisham, Snr. in a signed affidavit under oath, stated that Jeremiah Frazier Snr. gave a mare, two cows and calves to Harris Hicks in order that Harris Hicks would serve as a substitute for him in the American Army during the Revolutionary War. Said mare, cows and calves were carried and left with Bishop Hicks, the brother of the said Harris Hicks, who was then deceased. (Note: Bishop Hicks died near Horse Creek, Wake CO. NC in September of 1798. James Gisham signed his affidavit on September 7, 1832.

During the 1832 Fall Term of the Orange Co. NC Superior Court, on September 11, 1832, Solomon Whitlow in a signed affidavit, under oath stated that he was age 70 years the 22nd of April, 1832, and that he was a resident of Person County, NC. Solomon Whitlow declared that he remembered the facts as follows:

"That at about the age of three years his parents removed from Hanover Co. VA and settled on Tabbs Creek in Granville County, NC; that his mother (Dianah Hicks Whitlow) was the sister of Absalom Hicks (Snr.) who had married and settled in the neighborhood of his father and mother, about one mile and a half from where the said Absalom Hicks (Snr.) died (in 1770) and left three sons: Bishop Hicks, Absalom Hicks and Harris Hicks.

Bishop Hicks was bound apprentice to Thomas Norman and Absalom Hicks and Harris Hicks were bound to Harry Melton to






learn the art and mystery of a blacksmith; that before the completion of his apprenticeship, the said Harris Hicks, contrary to the wishes of his master, eloped from him and enlisted as a soldier in the Army of the United States."

The affiant, Solomon Whitlow, stated that Harris Hicks was substitute for a term of three months duty for Jeremiah Frazier, Snr; he (Solomon Whitlow) knew that the said Harris Hicks received a mare, 2 cows and calves for taking his (Jeremiah Frazier Snr.) place in the army.

He (Solomon Whitlow) also remembered that Harris Hicks performed part of another term of duty as a substitute for David Hicks, his uncle; David Hicks was in service and desirous of going home to his family. The previous term of Harris Hicks had just expired and he (Harris Hicks) was prevailed upon to take his uncle's place and did so for some compensation.

This affiant (Solomon Whitlow) was a soldier with the said Harris Hicks in the tour of duty in Charleston. After the war his old master Harry Melton wanted Harris Hicks to come and work in his blacksmith shop and learn more about the trade; Harris Hicks declined.

So, from the above affidavits, plus the Douglas Register of Goochland Co. VA, we know that Absalom Hicks, Sr. and Mary Harris Hicks had three sons and three daughters. They are not necessarily listed in chronological order..












Bishop Hicks (not to be confused with Willis Bishop Hicks) was the son of Absalom Hicks. John T. Odom, Mena, Arkansas believes that Bishop was born shortly after Absalom and Mary Harris Hicks moved to Granville County, NC. When Samuel Hicks (Absalom's father) wrote his will, the only child of Absalom's that was mentioned was Bishop Hicks. The will was dated 1770 so Bishop was at least 21 years old that year.

Bishop Hicks married Catherine "Caty" Jeter around the year 1780. Caty was the daughter of Samuel Jeter and Mary Dudley and was born ca. 1759, making her approximately 21 years old at the time of her marriage to Bishop.

By 1790 Bishop and Caty were living in Granville County, NC. They were listed in the Census in that county, and also witnessed a deed in Granville County that year.

On August 4, 1795, Samuel Jeter (Caty's father), distributed his property by deeds of gift. He gave Caty two slaves, Lucy and Delia. He also gave a slave named Bob to his grandson James Hicks, Caty and Bishop's son,"reserving the use of said Bob to Bishop Hicks and his wife Caty until grandson James comes of age of 21 years".I thought James might have been the oldest son but John Odom says that Anderson was the oldest.

Bishop Hicks was not listed on the 1796 Tax Polls, Granville County, which means that by that time they were in Wake County.

The Jeter Mosaic by Grata Jeter Clark states that "after Samuel Jeter's death Mary Dudley Jeter moved to Wake County, North Carolina where her daughter Catherine "Caty" Hicks and her son Dudley Jeter then resided".

Land records of Wake County show that Bishop Hicks acquired a large tract of land on Horse Creek, Newlight District in that county. He died intestate in September of 1798. The attached Estate papers of Bishop Hicks show that he was by no means a poor man. He owned at least 450 acres of land and his seven slaves were valued at $1700.00.

Willis Bishop Hicks was the youngest child of Caty and Bishop having been born approximately eight months prior to his father's death. In the Hicks Family Bible his date of birth was recorded as January 22, 1798.

On March 28, 1801, Caty Jeter Hicks, Bishop's widow, married Jehu Lowery. Wake County Probate Records show that Jehu and Wm. Allen were guardians of Caty's minor children.






According to Settlement of Estate Records, Book Nine,1809-11, Wake County, the tract of land near Horse Creek, Newlight District, owned by the late Bishop Hicks, was partitioned among eight heirs, as follows: Mary "Polly" Allen (wife of William Allen), Martha "Patsy" Allen (wife of Benjamin Allen), Jeter Hicks, Josiah R. Hicks, Willis Bishop Hicks, James Hicks and Caty Lowry.

You will note in the Estate Papers that Jeter is sometimes called Jethro and sometimes Peter; Willis Bishop is sometimes referred to as William B. Hicks.

Caty Jeter Hicks had a brother, Barnett Jeter, who apparently never married. When he made his will August 31, 1823, Caty and her children were among those tho were named as heirs to a portion of his estate. The children were listed as Anderson Hicks, Jeter Hicks, James Hicks, Josiah Hicks, William (the usual error) Bishop Hicks, Patsy Allen and Polly Allen.

The information on the seven children of Bishop Hicks and his wife Caty was provided by John Thomas Odom, a descendant of Mary "Polly" Hicks, wife of William Allen.


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