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NameSenator James Henderson BERRY
Birth15 May 1841, Jackson Co., Alabama121
Death30 Jan 1913, Bentonville, Benton Co., Arkansas121,14
BurialKnights Of Pythias Cemetery, Bentonville, Benton Co., Arkansas121
BurialCity Cemetery, Bentonville, Arkansas2
OccupationFarmer 1860; Legislator & Lawyer 1866; Circuit Judge 1878; Governor of Arkansas 1883-85; U.S. Senator 1885-1907121,8
EducationBerryville Academy122
FatherJames McFerrin BERRY (1804-1871)
MotherIsabella Jane ORR (1814-1860)
Spouses
Birth1848, Ozark, Franklin Co., Arkansas14
Death1932
Marriage31 Oct 1865, Ozark, Franklin Co., Arkansas14
ChildrenNellie Frank (-1900)
 Bessie (Died as Child)
 Elliott R. (1879-1953)
 Frederick Hugh (1884-1968)
Notes for Senator James Henderson BERRY
Lost leg at Corinth
see biography123
see Biographical Essay124
James Henderson Berry moved with his family in 1848 to Carrollton in Carroll Co AR. History would record that he first attended a rural school at Carrollton where he attained the basics of a rudimentary education. Then, at the age of 17, he enrolled in the historic Berryville Academy, which was some 18 miles from his parent's home and was reputed to be one of the best educational institutions of its kind during that era. In 1860, after only 10 months of training, he was forced to drop out of the academy. His mother had been plagued by a lengthy illness that claimed her life. However, during the course of her suffering the family funds were exhausted in medical expenses. His father was even forced to sell the family home to survive financially. James went to Yellville, AR, to work as a clerk in a store that was owned by a relative. He remained in that employ until the outbreak of the American Civil War. On 9-19 -1861 he enlisted in the Confederate Army. He was elected 2nd Lt of Company E of the 16th AR infantry. The entire regiment went into winter quarters at Elm Springs, AR, remaining there until Feb of 1862, when they were deployed to meet General Price who was retreating from Missouri. The forced military retreat continued into the Boston Mountains, where command was placed into the hands of General Van Dorn. In March of that year Van Dorn began the advancement toward Pe Ridge, or Elkhorn Tavern, where on March 7 and 8 the Confederate soldiers engaged the Union troops in a confrontation that had disastrous results for the Confederacy. The Confederate troops retreated to the Arkansas River, from there to Memphis, TN and finally on to Corinth, MS, to join with General Beauregard's forces on April 15, 1862. During the time James H. Berry was stationed in Mississippi, he would see combat in the Battle of Corinth. During that engagement Berry received a severe wound which resulted in his right leg being amputated. Also, he became a POW and was sent to a hospital in Iuka, where he remained for 2 months. For reasons that were never fully explained, the Federal officials allowed a relative of Berrys to take him to Rienzi, MS to complete his recovery from his battle wounds. Five months after the Battle of Corinth he rejoined his regiment at Port Hudson, LA. Following the surrender of Port Hudson, Berry returned home on furlough to visit his family. However, he would return to his regiment to serve out the duration of the war. After the War, James returned to Ozark, AR where he taught school for 3 months. During that time, he met and wed Lizzie Quaile. Lizzie was the daughter of a very prominent Ozark family and the resulting marriage to Berry came in the face of stated opposition by her father. The differences were so tragic that 17 yrs would pass before the 2 families managed to settle their dispute. After his marriage, Berry took his bride to Carrollton, AR, where he established a legal practice. In Aug, 1866 he became the youngest member of State Legislature in Carroll Co. He served as State Representative for Benton and Washington Counties from 1872-1874. From 1878-1882 he was Judge for the Fourth Judicial District. From 1882-1884 he was Governor of Arkansas. He served as US Senator f rom Arkansas from 1885-1907. He was defeated in 1906 for reelection by Gov Jeff Davis. He retired to Bentonville, AR in 1910 where he served on the Arkansas History Commission and was active in the United Confederate Veterans. In 1910 the Secretary of War appointed him commissioner to mark the graves of Confederate soldiers who had died in Union prisons. James H. Berry died in 1913 and was buried in City Cemetery, Bentonville, AR. See also "Hon. James H. Berry" by Mary C. Berry (finding aid available online) The Collection The Material consists of 30 letters written primarily after Berry's retirement from the Senate, including one letter from President William 2
Notes for E. Q. (Spouse 1)
'Lizzie'
Last Modified 20 Mar 2010Created 16 May 2011 by jim berry