Richard Deane (1701-1788) and His Children
by Beverly Dean Peoples
Contact me by e-mail beverlypeoples1 AT gmail DOT com
Edited for publication on the internet November 29, 2004
I began researching my Dean family in mid 1990’s and for about seven years concentrated on the descendants of my ancestor Samuel Dean and his wife Gwendolyn James. They were early settlers of Old 96 District of SC. The eventual result of my research was a family history compilation that is published as Country Cousins Descendants of Samuel Dean – 2nd edition. This hardback book is available from me at less than $40. I can send you a summary of the generations covered in that volume.
Eventually I returned to the study of Samuel’s father Richard Deane who I knew had died in 1788 in Washington County, MD. For more than two years my friend Larry Dean and I studied Richard’s children and their descendants. Larry has included much of his work on this site. The following material is what I know about my Richard Deane and his children at this time in December, 2004. I live in North Carolina but have traveled to Maryland and Pennsylvania to Archives, libraries, courthouses and the actual places spoken about in this paper. I regularly spend many research hours in various South Carolina locations adding to my knowledge of the Dean descendants there.
I have sent hard copies of this paper to all the people who bought the book from me. I include it here for the benefit of serious Dean researchers who are presently unknown to me. I hope to communicate with anyone who suspects they have this Richard in their lineage. As with us all, my goal is to step back at least one more generation. I hope to locate Richard and Priscilla’s parents as well as their location prior to 1747 when I first find them in present day Washington County, at that time Prince George, Maryland.
Richard and Priscilla Deane of Washington County, Maryland
The birthplace of Richard Deane in 1701 is unknown. He died in Washington County, MD in Mar. 1788. As one of the earliest settlers in the area of western MD west of South Mountain, he first appears on the Antietam Creek shortly before the establishment of the town of Sharpsburgh. Only a few years before his arrival there by 1747, the area was populated by the Delaware tribe who were defeated by the Catawba in 1732. At the time Richard first appears in the records of then Prince George’s County, MD, he was in his late 40’s. He spent the rest of his life in the same location. It was only after his death that his widow Priscilla sold their farm and moved with her daughter Lucy and Lucy’s husband Ambrose John a few miles away to the banks of the Potomac. Richard most likely farmed yet it was also possible he was a skilled craftsman. He could possibly have come to western MD with William or Joseph Chapline prior to 1747.
Speculation by this researcher based on available material of the western frontier of MD leads me to think that Richard could have been associated with Joseph Chapline prior to Richard’s first appearance in the public records. Joseph Chapline was the primary landowner - having received grants of over 15,000 acres from the crown beginning in the 1730’s. The Chapline family, including Joseph and William, had owned land in the eastern MD counties of Prince George’s, Dorchester, Cecil, and Calvert since the mid 1620’s. William acquired considerable land and removed to the western part of Virginia in the 1730’s, his home was a few miles above present day Shepherdstown, W. VA on the south side of the Potomac. Joseph came about 1738 to the north side of the Potomac to establish his homestead which is still occupied and overlooks the Potomac. When he came to this western most part of MD, Joseph brought with him men to build his home, settlers to clear the land, workers to build and work the Iron Works that he was establishing as well as men to defend the settlement from the Indians. Since this area was remote in the 1730’s and 40’s it is unlikely that many people arrived individually. Richard’s appearance in the 1740’s would possibly indicate he had contact with someone in the Chapline family in the eastern part of the state who had motivated him to west.
Prior to my recent research, I believed that Richard was married twice with a first marriage to Catherine and later to Priscilla. Yet, I have been surprised to find that there are actually 2 Richard Deans in Washington County in close proximity to each other at least in the years 1764 through 1779. The second Richard Dean is the person married to Catherine Pearl. The Richard, subject of this paper and my ancestor was married to Priscilla, last name unknown. An explanation of the “other” Richard is necessary in order to avoid confusion when considering our Dean family; the book “Country Cousins: Descendants of Samuel Dean” with me as co-author incorrectly states several items because both of these Richards were not recognized at the time of publication. Differentiation of the 2 Richards when they appear in public records can be difficult. Amazingly, the original deed for a 1764 purchase on Lot 66 in Sharpsburg was found incorrectly filed at MD Archives and it states that the other Richard Dean purchaser of that property was a “negro” or “black.” It is possible to sort the other occurrences of these 2 men in the public records because of chains of events and relationships with others. More details about the other Richard Dean follow at the end of this section.
I continue with Richard Deane, the subject of this paper. In 1747 Richard made his only known land purchase. The exact date is a bit unclear. The land book shows the deed was recorded on Mar. 22nd 1747 and the indenture made on Oct. 17th 1747. In that year this 50 acre tract named “Deans Purchase,” part of a larger tract called Hunting the Hare, was located in Prince George’s County, MD. The seller of the property was Joseph Chapline who had obtained a grant from the king with conditions that he would bring settlers into the area. A year later the new county of Frederick was formed and later Washington County was created in this area in 1776. Therefore, all three counties must be studied by those interested in the Dean family and allied lines. Richard’s land at Hunting the Hare was located a few miles from the furnaces of the Iron Works created by Joseph Chapline, which operated until the Civil War when they were destroyed during the Battle of Antietam. Richard’s land “Deans Purchase” at Hunting the Hare was an irregular shaped tract located east of the Antietam Creek beginning about a mile south of what is now known as Burnside’s Bridge at the intersection of Burnside’s Bridge Road and Mills Road. The Frederick County Debt Books of 1756 show Richard as owner of part of Hunting the Hare with 50 acres. The 1783 tax assessment continues to show him with the same 50 acres and 2 horses and 4 black cows.
Three times in the Frederick County courts during the 1750’s the name Richard Dean appears. At the May court in 1753, a Richard Dean recorded 2 strays. It is likely that this is the Richard Deane at Hunting the Hare. In Nov. of 1754 a supersedes was recorded by Thomas Scarlet against Richard Dean, Thomas Land and George Moor. It is unknown which of the Richard Deans were involved in this case. In June, 1758 there is a sale of a black cow by a Richard Dean. Interesting, this item shows his mark as RD; this was the same signature as seen on the sale of Lot 66, Sharpsburg in 1764 by the “other” Richard Dean. The only known signature of the Richard Deane, subject of this paper, was on his will and at that time it was signed “Richard Deane.” Therefore, the assumption is made that Richard Deane of Hunting the Hare, husband of Priscilla, was literate and the “other” was not; this allows some small measure of differentiation between the two men.
In the Mar. Court of 1761 a Richard Dean was presented for stealing a shirt, some knives, forks and a blanket from Edward Grimes. The Judgment Rolls show the goods were to be returned and a note given for 30 shillings. While not known for certain, this seems to be the “other” Richard Dean for 2 reasons. A Grimes family was affiliated with the “other” Richard and it seems unlikely that a 60 year old man who had never been charged with any transgression in the past would have begun stealing household items.
During the French and Indian War of the late 1750’s many of the men west of South Mountain were called for militia duty. There is an undated muster roll of Capt. Moses Chapline’s unit that names Richard Dean as a soldier. Moses was brother to Joseph Chapline. This was most likely in 1757 based upon the difficulties during that year. Since all males between the age of 16 and 60 years old were called upon, it is probable that Richard, the subject of this paper, was the enlistee. He was 56 years old at that time. It was not often that blacks of that period were enlisted in the militia. Yet both of the Dean families’ many connections to the Chaplines make the identification of the soldier difficult. About the same time, Richard’s sons Thomas and William were serving under Joseph Chapline. More will follow on these men.
A critical record is found in the Frederick County Land Records of 1761. There was a dispute over the boundary line of Hunting the Hare. On Mar. 13th 1761, Richard Deane gave a deposition about the line; it stated “then came Richard Dean aged about sixty years.” This same document gives Joseph Chapline’s age as “about fifty three years,” numerous sources show Joseph’s birth date as 1707. This is the only known record of Richard’s birth date and is the date I use.
In Mar. of 1766 a petition by 450 citizens of Frederick County called on Gov. Sharpe to issue bills of credit because of the lack of paper money in the county. This petition was signed by Richard Dean, John Dean and Thomas Dean. This assuredly was Richard and 2 of his sons. Their names are adjacent to each other on the list. Other evidence indicates that the likely second son William had moved to PA at the time of this petition, son Samuel was not yet of legal age.
Richard’s will is dated Feb. 14th 1788, in it he states he is of advanced age and infirm body. It is from this will that we first learn the names of Richard and Priscilla’s children. A few years later Priscilla again gives these same names except she omits the deceased son Thomas. Richard died shortly after writing his will because his widow as executrix appeared before the court, as did 3 of the witnesses to present the will the following April. Richard signed his name plainly spelling it with an e on the end. An extensive search has not revealed any extant probate papers for Richard Deane.
In the name of God Amen, I Richard Deane of the County of Washington and State of Maryland being of an advanced age and infirm body, but of sound memory and understanding do dispose of my worldly affairs, do upon mature deliberation and reflection make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner following. Vz.
I give and bequeath unto my Sons William, John, and Samuel, the sum of two Shillings current money to each of them, and the like sum of two Shillings each to each of my Daughters Mary, Margaret, Rachel, Lyddia, and Lucy and the like sum to the legal Representatives of my Son Thomas Deceased the said Legacies to be paid by my Executrix hereinafter named.
I give devise and bequeath unto my beloved wife Priscilla Deane all my lands, house goods and chattels whatever after payment of my just debts, funeral charges and the above legacies to her the said Pricilla her heirs and assigns forever.
Lastly I nominate appoint and ordain her, the said Pricilla my sole and only executrix of this my last will and Testament, hereby revoking and annulling all former and other wills and Testaments by me heretofore made or in any manner executed. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of the witnesses present this Fourteenth day of February in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Eight.
Signed sealed and pronounced by the said Richard Dean as his last will and testament in the presence of us.
William (X) Gregory
On the packet:
Washington County April 7, 1788 then came Pricilla Deane and made oath that the within Instrument of writing is the true and whole will and testament of Richard Deane late of said County deced. That hath come to her hands or possession and that she doth not know of any other. And at the same time came John Ritchie, Hannah Codd, and William Gregory three of the Subscribing witnesses to the within last Will and Testament of Richard Deane, and severally made oath on the Holy Evangels of Almighty God that they did see the Testator herein named Sign and Seal this Will, that they heard him publish pronounce and Declare the Same to be his last Will and Testament that at the time of his so doing he was to the best of their apprehentions of Sound and disposing mind memory and understanding that they Respectively Subscribed their names as witnesses to the Will in the presents and at the Request of the Testator and in the presence of each other and that they saw Griffith James do the same.
Certified by Thomas Belt
Richard Deane (Desc) Will Priscilla Deane executrix
Exhibited and Entered
Received April 7, 1788 to be recorded Same day Recorded in Liber T. S. No 1 folio 306, 307 One of the Record Books of Wills for Washington County and examd by Thomas Belt.
After Richard’s death, it seems likely that Priscilla either lived alone or that her daughter Lucy and husband Ambrose John moved in with her. Priscilla retained the property at Hunting the Hare for 6 more years until in Jan. 1794 she sold her home to Daniel Gedding. In the 1790 census Priscilla is not listed, yet it is likely she is in the household of Abry John (John Abry in the census index) located in the same neighborhood as “Deans Purchase.” In the 1794 sale, Priscilla signs her name with an X as her mark. The same is true on her will. After selling the 50 acres, Priscilla purchased with Lucia John (her daughter) 2 tracts of land from Christian Kale. The larger was “Rogue’s Harbor” with about 110 acres; the smaller adjoining 8¾ acre tract was known as “What you Please.” This land was purchased in May 1795 and the deed recorded in Oct. of that year. Lucy’s husband was alive and living with them. See more on that family under the daughters of Richard and Priscilla Deane. This property was situated on the Potomac River, just a few miles south of Hunting the Hare.
The same summer, Aug. 1795, Priscilla wrote her will leaving her property to Lucy John except for a small bequest to her other living children whom she named. It is from this will that we obtain the married surnames for her daughters. It wasn’t until Aug. of 1797 that the will was recorded and that would seem to be shortly after her death. It appears that Priscilla and Lucy agreed to buy the land together and Priscilla immediately wrote her will leaving it to Lucy at her death. A description of the land shows it with two small log homes. It can be assumed that Lucy tended her elderly mother during the 2 years after the move until Priscilla died in her mid eighties.
In the Name of God Amen this seventh day of August Anno Domini One thousand Seven hundred and ninety five. I Priscilla Deane of Washington County and State of Maryland Being weak of Body but of sound and perfect mind and understanding calling to mind the mortality of my body make this my last Will and Testament as follows.
Imprimis, I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Lucy John all my real and Personal Estate namely all my Land and moveables that I possess of in this world, only this that I will that each of my other Seven Children namely William Dean, John Dean, Samuel Dean, Peggy Shepherd, Polly More, Rachel Stockwell and Lydda Smith shall have five shillings each to be paid them out of my said Estate by my Executors, hereafter mentioned, and the remaining part of my estate my Daughter Lucy John above mentioned is to have namely one hundred and Eighteen acres and three quarter of Land and it is further my Will that my executors hereafter mentioned shall make my said Daughter a Good and Lawful Deed for the above mentioned Land and Lastly I Constitute and appoint Peter Light and John Parks executors of this my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I set my hand and seal this day and year first above written.
Signed Sealed and pronounced by the said Priscilla Deane to be her
Last will and Testament Priscilla (X )Dean (her mark) seal
Frederick (F) Cider (his mark)
Anna (X) Duvall (her mark)
Lyddia (X) Lancaster (her mark)
On the back of the Original Will of the aforesaid Priscilla Dean are the following Endorsements to Wit.
Washington County On the 5 day of August 1797 came John Parks and made Oath and Peter Light who solemnly declared and said that the within instrument of Writing is the true and whole Will and Testament of Priscilla Dean late of said County Deceased that hath come to their hands and possession and that they do not know of any other. And at the same time came Frederick Cider One of the subscribing witnesses to the within last Will and testament of Priscilla Dean late of said County Deceased and made Oath on the holy Evangels of Almighty God that he did see the Testatrix herein named Sign and seal this Will that he heard her publish pronounce and declare the same to be her last Will and Testament that at the time of her as doing she was to the best of his apprehensions of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding and that he subscribed his name as witness to this Will in the presence and at the request of the Testatrix and that he saw Anna Duvall and Lydda Lancaster the other subscribing Witnesses do the same.
Certified by Thomas Belt
The other Richard Dean
The “other” Richard was a free black man married to a mulatto woman named Catherine Pearl. This Richard was the person who bought Lot #66 in Sharpsburg in 1764 from Joseph Chapline and sold it in the same year to Griffith James. It is interesting to note that this Griffith James’ daughter Gwendolyn married Samuel Dean, the son of the white Richard Deane who is the subject of this paper. It was from the release of dower on that deed that the name Catherine is revealed. She was the daughter of Robert Pearl, a mulatto freeman, of Carrollton Manor, MD. See above for the two court records in 1758 and 1761 that likely pertain to this Richard Dean. The 1758 record and the 1764 sale of Lot 66 are important clues to this Richard’s identify. In those two documents his signature is RD. This Richard also bought 50 acres, part of the Resurvey on Roots Hill in Aug. 1777; and this tract was sold by his son Massam, Massam’s wife Ann, and Richard’s wife Catherine in Jan. 1779. It is likely that Richard had died between those years. Based on his children’s ages, this Richard was probably born 1720 or before. This Richard had children Massam, James, Catherine and possibility others including Charles and Thomas. Massam, also found in records as Marsham and Mason, was likely born 1742-1748 and all that is known about his wife was that her given name was Ann and she was dead before 1825. Massam and James were in the Washington County militia of Capt. Henry Boteler in Jan. 1776. They also appear on the first militia company in the Elizabeth Town District, Frederick County which became the Hagerstown area of Washington County. Interestingly, this is the same company in which 2 of the sons of the “our” Richard Deane served. Thomas oldest son of Richard and Samuel youngest son are also shown on the roster.
Marsham Dean removed to (now) Allegany County, MD by 1783 when he was taxed on 3 horses and 3 black cows. He bought land on Old Town Creek from Francis Deakins in June 1781 and he was taxed in Skipton Hundred/Fifteen on 52 acres in 1793. He is shown in the 1800 Allegany County census with no whites and 9 others in his home. By 1820 Mason Dean, Sr. and Mason Dean, Jr. as well as other Deans who could be related appear in the Perry County, Ohio census. Massam’s will is dated June 16, 1825 in Perry County naming children Masson, Catherine, Mary Ann and James, also a granddaughter, Elizabeth Quinch. Massam Dean, Jr. and his wife Mary Brooks married in Fairfield County, OH in 1817 and are buried in the Holy Trinity Church in Perry County. It appears that when Massam Dean and his family removed from Allegany County, MD to Ohio their designation of black or mulatto was dropped.
Richard’s other known son, James appears in 1790 and 1800 Washington County censuses in a household consisting of no whites, 5 other. James testified in the land dispute court case “Toby heirs vs. Chapline” 1810-1812. In this critical deposition he gives the information that his father was Richard Dean and his brother Massom Dean. Other deponents in this case reaffirm this relationship as well as identifying their sister as Catherine Doub. James Dean seems to have remained in Washington County, MD, yet there is a James Dean as an entryman in Perry County in 1805 near Massom Dean; most likely this is Massam’s son James. Catherine Dean Doub seems to have been born before 1755 and she died after 1819 in Monongalia County, Virginia, now West Virginia. She appears to have married Charles Dowd, a Revolutionary War soldier. There are quite a number of references to her family in the Monongalia County Court records in 1808-1822.
The information on the family of the “other” Richard Dean has been given to hopefully help researchers to sort out the 2 different Richard Dean families in Washington County from the late 1750’s through the 1770’s. Questions arise about a connection between these two families but this researcher has found none at all other than proximity. It can be speculated that, since a freed slave would sometimes assume the name of a person who had been of assistance to him, this could have occurred in this case. I refer persons interested in this family to publications on Carrollton Manor, MD particularly to Mary C. Jeske’s “Autonomy and Opportunity: Carrollton Manor Tenants, 1734-1790” for the extremely interesting story of Catherine’s father Robert Pearl and his other children.
Richard and Priscilla Deane’s children
The birth order for Richard’s sons is most likely as shown in his will with the deceased son Thomas as the eldest. That leads to the assumption that the females are also listed in birth order yet the 2 wills conflict on the eldest daughter. The spacing of the girls between the births of the sons is still unclear. These nine children are likely born between 1733 and 1755. It seems reasonable to consider that Priscilla, whose surname is unknown, was born between 1710 and 1720. Since she outlived her husband, Richard was about 87 at his death; her death in 1797 would place her between 77 and 87 years. There is repeated use of the names Thomas, Samuel, John and William in all the families of Richard’s sons; this can cause confusion when studying these individuals.
In the early 1770’s the sons of the family began to resettle about 100 miles to the north in present day Huntingdon County, PA. William went to the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River while the other three sons first went to the Little Trough Creek Valley. The first to go was likely William in 1766 with John following in 1772. An excerpt from J. Simpson Africa’s 1883 “History of Huntingdon and Blair Counties, Pennsylvania” gives pertinent facts on the move by the Dean men who were now between 22 and 38 years old, all with wives and children. It appears that these families remained in Washington County while the men were establishing the new settlements; however, a study of tax lists and censuses indicate some family members could occasionally have followed the men to PA. It also seems that the men occasionally returned to Washington County.
“John Dean was one of the first, if not the first person who effected a permanent settlement on the waters of Little Trough Creek. In Oct. 1772, he commenced an improvement on or near the spot where the residence of John Mierley stands, a short distance northeast of the village of Calvin, and continued to reside there until the fall of 1777, when through alarm of Indian massacres, he fled with his family to a place of greater security. When affairs became more settled they returned, resumed the cultivation of the farm until he sold to Michael Mierley, and then removed to the Raystown Branch. Samuel, a brother of John Dean, settled in 1773 higher up and on the western side of the creek, and the next year Thomas, another brother, made an improvement on the eastern side of the same stream, where John David deceased lived. Samuel and Thomas also fled during the Indian troubles. The latter died of smallpox, and the former did not return, but sold his improvement right to Samuel Lilly, who never lived upon it, but sold to John Wright. When the Deans resolved to leave, such household goods as could not be carried were secreted to prevent their being destroyed by any band of Indians who might visit their abandoned home. The pewter dishes were buried in the sand deposits on the margin of the creek. On the return of the family in exhuming the table-ware the deep impression of a deer’s foot was found upon one of the dishes.”
Based on the ages of Thomas’ known children it appears he was born about 1733, his death as discussed below likely occurred in PA at his home on the Little Trough Creek which adjoined the land of his youngest brother Samuel, near another brother John. Thomas would have been near 50 years old at his death. Thomas first appears in Captain Joseph Chapline’s militia unit in an undated muster which is thought to be in 1757 during the French and Indian War. Also in the unit is his brother William Dean. Thomas next appears in the Frederick County, MD records of 1764 when a Thomas Dean with others is involved with a small debt that is owed. Then in 1766 his name appears on a petition to Governor Sharpe with his father Richard and brother John. Nothing more is found on him until he obtained land on the Little Trough Creek of Bedford County, PA in 1774. He appears on tax lists of 1779 and 1783 with 50 acres in Bedford County, PA. Even though he owned this land and there is evidence he lived there with his family, he also continues to appear in the Washington County, MD records during the early part of the Revolution. It seems likely he was returning to Washington County where his wife was living at that time because of its relative safety from the Indian raids occurring in PA. In Jan. 1776 he enlisted in a militia Company in the Elizabethtown District of Frederick County as did his brother Samuel. The 1784 census of Hopewell Township, Bedford County, PA shows Thomas with 1 inhabitant and 1 dwelling on his property; however, Thomas’ son Samuel’s pension application indicated a death date of 1782 for Thomas. Therefore, the census and the pension make it unclear exactly which year Thomas died of smallpox. The most likely date is 1782 because the Thomas showing on the lists could be Thomas, son of Thomas. After Thomas’ death a Mary Dean, who is presumed to be his widow, sold his tract of 90 acres to Thomas Yeates, who in turn sold the property to Thomas H. Luckett in 1794. The deed for Mary’s sale of Thomas’ land on the Little Trough Creek in now Huntingdon County, PA was dated April 1785 and it states she was “of Washington County and State of Maryland.” Plats as well as the deed show this property is “contiguous to the lands occupied by Samuel Dean and James McCardell.”
The best information on Thomas’ family is from the pension application of his son Samuel dated Sept. 11, 1845 in PA. This is record #R2806; from it we learn that Thomas himself served in the Revolutionary War during the early years. In addition to the militia unit in Frederick County, MD mentioned above, indications are that Thomas served under Col. Thomas Butler of PA until 1778. Samuel’s pension application also indicates that Thomas had sons; 1) Thomas, 2) Samuel and 3) John. The son 1) Thomas was older than Samuel and was married by 1779 and had children; Samuel served as a substitute for his brother Thomas in several years, (probably 1779 – 1783) therefore it seems that the younger Thomas lived near his father and brother. Nothing more is known about this Thomas, son of Thomas, and his family. Thomas’ son 3) John served under Capt. McKurdy in 1790 and was killed at General Harmar’s defeat by the Indians in 1790 in present day Indiana, per his brother Samuel’s pension. It is unknown whether he married or his age at death as a soldier.
Thomas’ son 2)Samuel was born Dec. 25, 1760 and because of the pension application, his line is more easily uncovered. He states that he was born in Bedford County, PA. It is known that he lived there during his childhood and that he served in the Revolution from that state yet it seems more likely that he was actually born in Washington County, MD. He lived past the 1850 census and in it his birthplace is shown as MD. He appears to have lived until at least 1853 and possibly 1856. He is buried in Farmington, Fayette Co. PA. There is no evidence that his father Thomas was in the Little Trough Creek Valley in 1760; if Thomas was actually in PA at the time of his son’s birth, it is likely he was at some other location. Samuel states that he served as a Patriot from 1779-1783 for periods ranging from 6 months of the year to 4 months. As was common, he served part of this time as a substitute for his father and his brother as well as his own time. His pension application is quite interesting and tells of the skirmishes in which he was engaged and names his officers. Yet, he was rejected for a pension because the application was filed so long after the war that his commanders and fellow soldiers had died; he couldn’t provide adequate documentation. Later, in 1791 he served under General St. Clair against the Indians. In Sept. 1845 when the pension was filed Samuel was 85 years old. In it he states that after the war he left Bedford County and by 1785 was in the mountain region of Fayette County, PA (Wharton Township) and that he continued to live there all his life. Samuel married Martha Camp in 1790 and several of their children were Stephen with wife Martha, John and wife Sarah Jane Crawford, Samuel and wife Catherine, Thomas with wife Jane Wright, Edward and wife Mary Ann Crawford and possibly Levi married to Rachel Wright. The birthdates of these sons ranged from 1799-1814. It is likely Samuel and Martha Dean had other children. Martha Camp Dean was born 1775 and died 1854. Much of the information shown here on Samuel’s children is derived from SAR and census records.
I first find William on a militia muster roll about 1757 under Joseph Chapline. Also in the militia company was his brother Thomas and a man named Zebulon Moore. At that time William was likely in his early 20’s. His birth date seems to have been in the mid 1730’s as the second son of Richard and Priscilla Deane. It is not clear when he married but his first child was born in 1763 in MD. It appears his wife was Lucy Tatman who was possibly the daughter or sister of a Joseph Tatman who owned land near William in PA. Was the Tatman family in western MD and moved with the Deans to PA? William was the first of his family to leave MD and go the 100 miles northward to establish a home. William located on Raystown Branch of the Juniata River. Only the ridge of land that is today the Susquehannock Campground remains above the water level of the present day Raystown Lake. In William’s time this high ground was the dividing line between his property and that of his fellow settler, Zebulon Moore. William’s brothers later followed to the next valley about 3 miles to the east as the crow flies, over the Terrace Mountain on Little Trough Creek. William’s neighbor Zebulon Moore, also originally of Washington County, MD, appears on the 1769 Bedford County, PA tax list along with William Dean and Joseph Tatman. This Zebulon Moore was either a good friend or a brother-in-law to William Dean.
It is likely that William claimed his land on the west side of the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River in the then Cumberland County, PA about 1766 and he applied for a warrant to survey the acreage in 1787. William Dean was taxed in Bedford County in 1769. It wasn’t until about 1787 that William’s brother John left the Little Trough Creek Valley and settled near William. They are enumerated next to each other in the 1790 census of Hopewell Township, Huntingdon County.
William continued to appear on tax lists in 1775, 1776, 1779, 1783, and 1786. He is also on the 1784 census in Hopewell Township of Bedford County, PA with 2 houses occupied by 11 white people. This same census shows his brothers John, Samuel, and Thomas each with 1 house occupied by 1 person in the same Township. Since these brothers had families by that year, it is likely that some of them were living with William and others were likely remaining in Washington County, MD while the land was being cleared, the homes constructed and while waiting for better relations with the Indians of the area.
William was a constable in 1788, the first one listed after the formation of Huntingdon County from Bedford. The 1790 census lists William with 2 males 16 and above, 3 males below 16 and 4 females. He was the next household from his brother, John, at that time. William’s oldest son, John, also appears in the Hopewell Township, 1790 Huntingdon County census with 1 male 16 and up, and 2 females. This John, son of William, was listed near the properties originally claimed by his deceased uncle Thomas Dean and his uncle Samuel Dean who had left the area of the Little Trough Creek. In Mar. of 1790 and again in Nov. of 1792 court records show several charges involving the brothers William and John as well as some of their sons. These 2 Dean families had various assault and battery charges both on and from the Norris family who were neighboring landowners.
William seems to have decided to leave PA; he sold his 140 acres on Raystown Branch to Thomas Wright in May 1794. Strangely, the following day Thomas Wright sold this same property to John Dean, brother of William. Why Wright was the intermediary is unknown. After that time William no longer appears on any tax, census or court record in Huntingdon County. He is still alive because his mother Priscilla writes her will in Aug. of 1795 and names him as an heir. There is no release of dower on the sale of property in 1794; therefore, it seems likely his wife is dead. In 1795, William was about 60 years old with eight children ranging in age from 7 to 32 years old.
The Mercer County, KY tax list of Gabriel Slaughter in 1795 gives the names of 2 William Deans, Zebulon Moore and Zebulon Moore, Jr. Zebulon Moore, Sr. had sold his tract in PA in 1790 and, like William, disappeared from the records. These men had moved together with their families from MD to PA; the same group seems to again have relocated together. Zebulon Moore’s wife’s name was Mary and she had released dower in the sale of their land in PA. William’s sister Mary was married to an unknown Moore. It is likely that William and Zebulon were not only friends, but also brother-in-laws. See the section under Mary Dean Moore for additional information about her and her possible husband. There are other Deans in the Mercer tax list but all of them can be accounted for as belonging to another family with the exception of a Richard Dean. His family connection is unknown. The 2 William Deans are William and one of his sons. There is no 1800 census for KY but the 1810 census shows a William Deen with 1 male 16-25, 1 male over 45 and 1 female 26-44. The younger male is difficult to account for but the female seems to be William’s daughter Lucy who was not yet married. The 1820 census shows William enumerated with 1 male and 1 female over 45. This seems to be William and his second wife. In his will of Aug. 30, 1824 filed in Nov. 1825 in Mercer County, William devised to his wife Angelina his home and 1/3 of his land. His son Joseph Dean received 2/3 of the land and the rest at the death of Angelina. William’s daughter Polly Sutterfield was bequeathed a small amount of livestock. Joseph was named executor. William’s estate inventory of Dec. 1825 is quite meager; it is not known how much land he owned at his death. While these were the only 2 children of William named in his will, he did have others. William lived to be an unusually old man for that time – 90 years. There are a number of sources that give William’s children and these seem valid to me. The son John can easily be tracked to Huntingdon County, PA through his Revolutionary War pension application, #R2800, and the others seem to be generally correct. These are the likely children of William Dean, 1) John b. 1763 in MD, d. Mar. 5, 1841 in Carroll County, KY; he married Jane Whitnel, 2) William b. 1768 in MD, d. April 17, 1843 in Carroll County, KY; he married Nancy McLain Kelly, 3) Daniel b. 1775-1784, d. 1827 in Gallatin County, KY; he married Allas Goodwin, 4) Eleanor “Nelly” b. July 7, 1775 in PA, d. abt. 1850 in Carroll County, KY; she married Abraham Haines, 5) Thomas b. Jan. 18, 1779 in PA, d. Jan. 12, 1865 in Woodford County, KY; he married Catherine Moore, 6) Lucy b. abt. 1782 in PA, d. May 21, 1860 in Carroll County, KY; she married David Driskell, 7) Mary “Polly” b. abt. 1783 in PA, d. May 1855 in Carroll County, KY; she married James Sutterfield, 8) Joseph b. abt. 1786 in PA, d. bet. 1860-1866 in Mercer County, KY; he married Rachel Kinney. It was not my purpose to exhaustively research all these children. I refer the reader to the sources that are available on the KY families, especially the paper by Larry Dean as listed in the sources under William Dean.
John Dean’s obituary states that he died on April 9, 1821 in his 82nd year; a birth date of about 1739 would make him the 3rd son of Richard and Priscilla Dean. This is consistent with the naming order in Richard Deane’s will. John Dean was the only one of the Dean brothers who lived to old age in Huntingdon County, PA. His sons and grandsons appear in county public records; his descendants still populate the area. J. Simpson Africa tells more about John’s earliest days in Little Trough Creek Valley.
“Mr. Dean first came alone and erected a cabin of logs, covered with split clapboards and floored with puncheons or split boards, which were also used for making the furniture. Greased paper was used instead of glass in the windows, and all the arrangements in this cabin were in pioneer style. Having made these preparations he returned to Maryland for his wife, and they made the journey hither over an Indian trail, bringing their effects on the backs of a horse and two cows, and camping in the woods by night…Mr. Dean’s wife was Ann B. Isett, and their children were six sons and one daughter, all of whom reached mature age, and were the progenitors of numerous representatives of this region.”
There is some question about the identity of Anne B. Isett. She is referred to as Ann Dean in two land records and in John’s will. Yet, descendants from the line of John and Ann’s son John Dean who married Elizabeth Dock show in family records that John’s wife was Nancy Bissett, not Ann B. Isett. The names Ann and Nancy were often used interchangeably yet the surname difference is of interest. A through search of the Frederick and Washington County, MD records does not reveal an Isett family from which Ann could have descended. However, there is a Bissett family in close proximity to John Dean’s father Richard’s home on the Antietam. An elderly Catholic gentleman, Thomas Bissett left a will dated 1794 that indicates he lived at the mouth of the Antietam Creek near the Iron Works. In it he names 3 daughters, none are Ann Dean. Yet, Thomas Bissett had a deceased son who can be considered a candidate as Ann’s father. Most likely Ann was born in the late 1740’s.
There is a warrant for land which places John Dain in PA by 1772. It indicates that John Dain took up 400 acres including an improvement on the Little Trough Creek bordering Sideling Hill. This tract adjoining Samuel Lilley (formerly the land of Samuel Dean, brother of John) on the north and Thomas Luckett on the south was in the Hopewell Township of Bedford County, PA. While the warrant was granted in Nov. 1785, the interest was to commence in 1772, which was the time of John’s first claim on the property. He was taxed in Hopewell Township of Bedford County in 1775, 1776, 1779, 1783 and 1787. There is an historical marker on the property that commemorates John Dean’s early settlement there.
John and Ann Dean lived on the Little Trough Creek during the Revolutionary War. Additionally, the Indian ravages forced them to flee the area during some periods. It is unknown exactly where they found safety and how long they were away. Yet, it seems likely they returned to Washington County, MD. Their 5th child William was born in Washington County, MD in 1781 according to his death record in Huntingdon County in 1853. There is no evidence that John Dean served in any Revolutionary War units from Washington County, MD or Huntingdon County, PA. There was a Capt. John Dean who was a soldier from Huntingdon but he has been proved to have been one of the other many John Deans who lived in that county prior to 1800.
It appears that with the death of his older brother, Thomas, and the removal of his youngest brother, Samuel, to SC that John decided to leave the Little Trough Creek land where he had been living for about 15 years and join his brother William who was located a few miles away on the Raystown Branch. At that time in 1787, John and Ann had been married about 18 years and had children ranging in age from 17 years down to 2 years old. They had at least six sons and only 1 daughter. By the 1790 census they were enumerated next to John’s brother William on the Raystown Branch in Hopewell Township, Huntingdon, PA with 2 males 16 and up, 4 males under 16, and 3 females. Neither John nor William owned slaves. It appears from this census that John’s oldest son Samuel had already left home. The extra female can not be explained.
In June of 1787, about the time of his move, John Dean sold to Peter Reilly ½ of the 400 acre tract on the Little Trough Creek. There was evidently an oversight because Ann didn’t release her claim on this parcel until 1804 by quit claim to William and James Eastep who were then owners of the property. It was later, in April of 1794 that John Dean sold the other half of his tract, named Denmark, to Mikel Mierly. Ann, John’s wife, released dower at the same time. The following month, May 2, 1794, John purchased the land where he had been living. As described above under William Dean, he bought the 140 acres with improvements that had belonged to his brother William. John and Ann lived on that farm until their deaths.
During the roughly 7 years that John and William lived near each several court records indicate that the 2 brothers as well as some of their sons became involved in a series of minor criminal charges. In 1790 John and William were charged with assault and battery and fined. The next year John was fined for assault and battery as well as contempt of court. By Nov. 1792 there were more such charges between the 2 Dean brothers and their sons and the Norris family who were neighbors. In Sept. of 1794 John Dean, Sr. and 2 of his sons were charged with forcible entry; the case was continued several times but John Dean, Sr. paid fines for the whole family in 1796.
John died on April 9, 1821 at home. He had written his will earlier in Dec. 1819. The will names his wife Ann and leaves her his complete estate but after her death, his land would be divided among his 6 sons. His son William and Laurance Swope were appointed executors. Ann died on June 25, 1826. Through the following years the son William eventually bought out his 5 brothers’ shares of their father’s land. There was a Dean cemetery on the land on the Raystown Branch where John and Ann lived. It is likely they were buried there along with other family members. Graves from this cemetery were relocated to the White Church Cemetery when the Raystown Lake was created in the 1970’s. John Dean and Ann had 6 sons who survived them. It is likely there was another son, David, who died in Chambersburg, PA in the summer of 1808. The name of their daughter is unknown. The sons named in John’s will were; 1) Samuel b. abt. 1770, d. abt. 1850 in Huntingdon County; he married Julian Hagey, 2) John b. abt. 1773, d. 1836 in New Lisbon, OH; he married Elizabeth Dock, 3) Thomas b. abt. 1776, d. April 22, 1823 in Huntingdon County; he married Catharine Estep, 4) William b. July 1781 in Washington County, MD, d. Mar. 8, 1853 in Huntingdon County; he married Elizabeth Mountain, 5) Isaac b. Nov. 1782, d. Mar. 7, 1865 in Bethel, OH; he married Rebecca unknown, 6) James b. abt. 1785, d. probably in Ontario, Canada. I will not enlarge on families of each of these children; instead I refer the reader to the extensive paper on them by Lois Derrough that is listed in the sources. A digest of that paper is available on-line.
In 2001, I co-authored with Ralph T. Dean “Country Cousins: Descendants of Samuel Dean.” That volume includes everything known about Samuel at that time; I do not repeat it here. Anyone interested in this line should contact me to obtain the book. I would like to point out that in 2003 the SC Historical Commission erected a Historical Marker at the location of the site of the old village and depot Dean, SC. I have recently learned more about Samuel’s life between 1773 and 1786 that is of interest.
As stated in “Country Cousins” Samuel moved from Washington County, MD to Pendleton District, SC in 1786 or slightly earlier, when he was near 35 years old. Yet prior to the move to SC with his wife’s family, Samuel had tried to establish a home in the now Huntingdon County, PA area with his brothers Thomas, William and John. In 1771 the county of Bedford was formed from the old large Cumberland County and Huntingdon created in 1787. In the History of Huntingdon County by J. Simpson Africa which is quoted more completely above it is stated that Samuel had a structure started by 1773 but sold his improvement right to Samuel Lilly before he finished the land acquisition process. A land search reveals that Samuel was in possession of 300 acres in Mar. of 1774 straddling the Little Trough Creek in Hopewell Township in then Bedford County, PA. This property adjoined his brothers, John and Thomas Dean. At that time, Samuel was in his early 20’s and it is believed that he had married the prior year with his first son Thomas born in Sept. 1774. It is unknown whether his wife Gwenny went with him to PA or remained in Washington County with her father Griffith James who lived at “Pough” adjoining the property of her father-in-law Richard Deane. It seems that Gwenny remained in MD while Samuel was building a home in PA. During the years 1773-1784 Samuel likely traveled back and forth from his family on the Antietam to his new tract, about 100 miles to the north. Finally, in 1784 Samuel sold his 300 acres in PA to Samuel Lilley of Frederick County, MD. Samuel Dean appeared before the Justices of the Peace in Frederick County in connection with this sale on Aug. 7, 1784. The deed was recorded in the Huntingdon County, PA Courthouse that same month.
The Jan. 1776 enlistment in the first militia unit of Frederick County by Samuel Dean is the only evidence of service during the Revolutionary War for the Samuel Dean, son of Richard and Priscilla. There are numerous persons in the DAR naming this Samuel Dean as their ancestor; they have mistakenly confused their Patriot soldier with the Samuel Dean, son of Thomas, son of Richard. Other persons have entered DAR under other Samuel Deans claiming him to be the man in now Anderson County, SC. No one has cited the service in the Frederick County militia for their ancestor. See more on Samuel Dean, the soldier in PA, under the section on his father Thomas. From the information in that pension application, it becomes clear that the soldier with pension #R2806 is not the son of Richard Deane but is his grandson. The Samuel Dean who moved to SC is the man who enlisted in the MD militia in 1776, not the one who enlisted in PA. There are no other records, such as pension or service records for the Samuel Dean born in MD, lived a short time in PA and settled in SC. It is thought his service was very brief.
By the mid 1780’s Samuel left his brothers and other family in MD and PA and joined with his wife’s brothers and brother-in-laws as they moved with their families to upstate SC as is further detailed in “Country Cousins.” Samuel’s children who are extensively explored in that volume were; 1) Thomas b. Sept. 13, 1774, d. July 7, 1854 in Anderson County, SC; he married Mary Welleford and then Elizabeth Seawright, 2) Miriam b. June 12, 1776, d. Sept. 2, 1853 in Anderson County, SC; she married William McGregor, 3) Joseph b. April 1779, d. 1871 in Marshall County, MS; he married Elizabeth Edmondson, 4) Samuel b. 1780, d. May 16, 1871 in St. Clair County, AL; he married second Perthenia Edmondson, 5) Mary b. 1782, d. 1831 in Lawrence County, AR; she married Eli Hillhouse, 6) John b. 1784, d. 1824 in Lincoln County, TN; he married Mary Herrin, 7) Richard b. 1791, d. June 1, 1864 in Oconee County, SC; he married Cynthia E. Jenkins, 8) Griffith b. 1794, d. Dec. 22, 1858 in Tishomingo County, MS; he married Annis Bishop, 9) Moses b. Sept. 6, 1798, d. Mar. 12, 1878 in Anderson County, SC; married Narcissa Lewis, 10) Aaron b. Sept. 16, 1799, d. Oct. 1849 in Tishomingo County, MS married Meekey Day.
The daughters of Richard and Priscilla Dean
Mary Dean Moore. The will of Priscilla Dean indicated her daughter Mary was married to a man surnamed Moore. I find two likely possibilities for her spouse. The first is the Zebulon Moore whose wife Mary released dower on his sale of land in 1790 in Huntingdon County, PA on land adjoining Mary’s brother William. Zebulon appeared as an overseer of the poor in Bedford County in 1768, 1770, 1771. On the 1769 tax list of Bedford County, Zebulon had 100 acres and some livestock. He is still shown on the 1788 tax list at that same place which had then become Huntingdon County, PA. This Zebulon Moore had been associated with Mary’s brothers since at least the 1750’s. In the late 1750’s he is shown on a muster roll during the French and Indian War with Thomas and William Dean under Capt. Joseph Chapline. This Zebulon Moore was likely born in the early 1730’s and it seems that Zebulon and his wife’s children were all grown and away from home in the 1790 census of Huntingdon County, PA. In that census there is a Zebulon Moore with 1 male age 16 and above and 1 female in Hopewell Township. However, it is known that Sr. had a son Zebulon, Jr. who was an adult by 1795 and this census may be for him. Mary was likely the eldest daughter of Richard and Priscilla Dean. She is named as the first female in Richard’s will and second in Priscilla’s. This would indicate a birth date for her of about 1736-1741. Nothing more has been discovered about Mary in the KY records. We do know the senior Zebulon Moore and his son were both in Mercer County in the 1795 tax list (see above under William Dean). By 1800 Zebulon Moore Sr. and Jr. appear on tax lists of Henry County, KY. The 1820 census of Henry County, KY shows 2 Zebulon Moores, one of these is over 45; however it is unlikely that the Zebulon originally of Huntingdon County, PA is still living. A female Deanna Moore appears on 1820 census Henry County, she was born about 1765. It is interesting to wonder why she is carrying the Dean and Moore names. Was her mother a Dean?
The other possible spouse of Mary Dean Moore was a Daniel Moore who lived near Richard Deane in Washington County, MD. In Nov. 1761, Daniel Moore sold the tract Moore’s Delight with dower release by his wife Mary. The 1783 tax assessment for Washington County shows Daniel with 148 acres in the Lower Antietam at Moses Delight (should be Mores Delight). In his will of 1792 Daniel names his wife Mary. He also names a son Richard Moore who lives at Hunting the Hare which was near Richard Deane’s tract at “Deans Purchase” at Hunting the Hare. Daniel Moore also names a daughter Nancy who was married to John Griffith. Either man, Daniel or Zebulon Moore, is a strong possibility as spouse of Mary Dean Moore. It is most likely these 2 Moore men were brothers. There is a supersedes filed in 1751 against Zebulon Moore, John Moore, and Daniel Moore which indicates some type of relationship.
Margaret “Peggy” Dean Shepherd. The marriage and children of this daughter have not been determined. There was an extensive Shepherd family in Washington County and neighboring counties in the 18th century, several of them lived near the Deans. A Thomas Shepard is located at Antietam Bottom in 1783. Yet, there is a William Shepherd in Huntingdon County, PA near Peggy’s brothers. It’s possible either of these could be the spouse, yet nothing in the way of support has been found.
Rachel Dean Stockwell. It seems that Rachel was born in the late 1740’s or early 1750’s, based on birth order, she was likely one of the last children. She has not been able to be traced because material is so sketchy on the Stockwell family of Washington County, MD. There was a James Stockwell born about 1726, an immigrant from England who was a tailor in Hagerstown, MD. Hagerstown was not established until 1762; it seems he lived in the Antietam area prior to that time. There is a court record concerning a theft from a James Stockwell in 1755 which states that it occurred in the neighborhood of Antietam. This James Stockwell the tailor had several sons; three of these were married to unknown women. Rachel likely was the spouse of one of these three men. There are no other Stockwell families appearing in any census except in New England until after KY and OH opened and members of this family seem to have spread there. One of the three sons of James Stockwell, William Stockwell, appears as a private in 1776 in Michael Cresap’s company and later under Capt. John Renolds and Capt. Barnett Johnston of Washington County, MD. Several of the enlistees in the Renolds unit were neighbors of the Dean family. By 1810 William was over 45 years old and living in Bracken County, KY. His brother Michael Stockwell appears on Capt. Griffith Johnston’s muster roll during the Revolution; later in 1783 he’s located at Murley’s Run in the part of Washington County that became Allegany County. One source speculates that he later went to Canada. The other Stockwell brother who could be spouse of Rachel is James Stockwell who appears in the Fayette County, PA tax records of 1785 and 1786 and in the 1800 and 1810 census there.
Lydia Dean Smith. While there are many Smiths living in Lower Antietam and Sharpsburg none can be identified as spouse of Lyddie. Previously the thought was that she was the wife of a George Smith and she died in Sept. 1860. I now think that is incorrect because it is likely Lydia was born no later than 1758 and more likely her birth occurred in the early 1750’s based on her mother’s age.
Lucy Dean John. Lucy, most likely the youngest child of Richard and Priscilla, remained in Washington County, MD and lived with her mother in her later years. Lucy married an Ambrose, also seen as Aubrow, John and evidently he predeceased her even though no estate record was located. Certainly Lucy was born before 1763, most likely about 1755. She died after 1820. The 1790 census index shows a John Abry but this seems to be a reversal of his names. This household is actually located in the midst of others known to be neighbors of Richard and Priscilla Deane at Hunting the Hare. This 1790 census shows him with 1 male and 2 females. Yet the 1800 census for him, shows 1 male 10-16, 1 male 16-26 and 1 male 45 and over. The females are 1 age 10-16 and 1 age 26-45 with 2 “all others” in the household. It is difficult to explain who the younger males could be since they do not appear in the 1790 census. This date would coincide with a birth date of about 1755 for Lucy. They can’t be found in the 1810 census and don’t appear on the available tax records. Based on this information it appears that in 1788 at her father’s death Lucy and Ambrose John lived near her parents. No land transactions are found for them until the purchase of “Rogue’s Harbor” and “What you Please” by Lucy and her mother in 1795. While Ambrose John was not party to this transaction, in the margin of the deed is a citation that he is the husband of Lucy and that he received the deed after recording. As was stated above, Lucy and Ambrose lived on the banks of the Potomac until after Priscilla Deane’s death. No evidence of the sale of this property is recorded. In 1802 Ambrose bought from John Curtis and others, Lot #21 with a house, in the town of Sharpsburg. In 1808 Aubrow John sold this property to William Young and wife Lucy released dower. By the 1820 census, Lucy Johns is found living in Boonsboro, Washington County with 1 male 16-25, 1 female 16-25 and herself over age 45. The numbers of Lucy’s children are impossible to figure from these censuses.
The research for this paper was conducted during 2002 and 2003. I had no doubt as to the link of each of the children to Richard Deane. In late 2003, DNA tests were performed on direct male descendants from Richard’s sons John and Samuel. The 12 marker tests are an exact match, which indicates the 2 subjects share a recent common ancestor, who would be Richard Deane. In other words, the DNA tests have given scientific support to my traditional genealogy research. In July 2004, a DNA test on a descendant of William Dean showed another exact match on a 12 marker test. See the Dean surname Y-DNA web page for these DNA results. It is hoped that in the near future a direct male descendant of the son Thomas will be located and DNA sampling can be conducted to give scientific support for that line.
I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Lawrence A. Dean of Vancouver, Washington State for all his excellent work and encouragement on this family as well as the other Dean families of Huntingdon County, PA in the 18th century. Without his direction I would never have made the many associations I have uncovered in the last 2 years.
The grouping of these sources is to help the reader locate the primary materials. There are frequent occasions where a reference will have been used across various sections of the accompanying paper; such references are listed only once.
Calendar of Maryland State Papers; No. 1 The Black Books. Hall of Records Commission.
Colonial Settlers of Prince George’s County, Maryland, Compiled by Elise Greenup Jourdan, Willow Bend Books, 1999.
Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774, Murtie June Clark.
Faces Westward, Volume 1, Historical and Genealogical Register, Compiled and Edited by Jennie Starks McKee, 1956.
Gateway to the West, Vol. 2, compiled by Ruth Bowers and Anita Short, Genealogical Publishing Co.
History of Huntingdon and Blair Counties Pennsylvania, J. Simpson Africa, Philadelphia, Louis H. Everts, 1883.
History of Western Maryland, J. Thomas Scharf, Vol. 1, Regional Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1968.
Maryland Revolutionary Record, by Harry Wright Newman, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
Pioneers of Old Monocracy. Tracey and Dern.
Revolutionary Patriots of Washington County, Maryland 1776-1783, Henry C. Peden, Jr. Family Line Publications.
The History of Sharpsburg, Maryland, founded by Joseph Chapline, 1763, Lee and Barbara Barron.
The Maryland Militia in the Revolutionary War, S. Eugene Clements and F. Edward Wright, Family Line Publications.
Federal Census, 1790, Washington County, MD.
Prince George’s County, MD Land Record for year 1747, pages 396-397.
Prince George’s County, MD Land Record Book BB, page 1.
Frederick County, MD Land Record E, page 170.
Frederick County, MD Land Record G, pages 158-160.
Washington County, MD Estate docket.
Washington County, MD Will Book A, pages 168, 361.
Washington County, MD Will Book T. S. pages 306-307.
Original Wills for Joseph Chapline, Sr., Richard Deane, Priscilla Dean -Washington County, MD. Maryland Hall of Records.
Washington County, MD Land Record B, pages 498,499.
Washington County, MD Land Record H, pages 564-566.
Washington County, MD Land Record I, pages 357-358.
Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 6, No. 4, Oct. 1990. Washington County, Maryland 1783 Tax Assessment.
Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 7, Frederick County Debt Books, 1756-1757.
The “Other” Richard Dean
Monongalia County, (West) Virginia, Records of the District, Superior, and County Courts, Vol. 7, 1808-1814; Vol. 8, 1811-1812, 1814-1820; Vol. 10, 1815-1819; Vol. 11, 1819-1822. Compiled by Melba Pender Zinn, Heritage Books, Inc.
Ohio Marriages Recorded in County Courts Through 1820, An Index, Compiled, published by The Ohio Genealogical Society, 1996.
Perry County, Ohio, Reading Township Cemeteries, Perry County Genealogical Society, 1990.
Princes of Ireland, Planters of Maryland, A Carroll Saga, 1500-1782. Ronald Hoffman, University of North Carolina Press.
Revolutionary Patriots of Baltimore Town and Baltimore County, Maryland, 1775-1783, Henry C. Peden, Family Line Publications.
Section maps with Entrymen on Lands in Perry Co, Ohio, Vol. 1, L. Richard Kocher, 1993.
Selected Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864, abstracted by Alycon Trubey Pierce, Willow Bend Books, 1997.
This Was the Life, Excerpts from the Judgment Records of Frederick Co., Maryland, 1748-1765. Millard Milburn Rice, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1984.
Tobacco and Slaves; The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. Allan Kulikoff, University of North Carolina Press.
Autonomy and Opportunity: Carrollton Manor Tenants, 1734-1790, Mary Clement Jeske. Ph.d. diss., Univ. of Maryland, 1999.
Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 13, No. 1 and 2, 1997, The Pearl Family of Maryland, George Ely Russell.
Moravian Families of Carroll’s Manor Frederick County Maryland, George Ely Russell, Catoctin Press, 1989.
Original Deed, 1769/01/20, Joseph Chapline to Richard Dean, Frederick Co., Special Collections, Maryland State Archives.
Toby heirs vs. Chapline 1810/12/1 - #638 Christopher Barr, Margaret Barr, Jacob Reedy, Rachel Reedy, Gabriel Billmyer, Margaret Billinger, Michael Toby, Massam Dean, Jacob Rockenfield, and John Rockenfield vs. Joseph Chapline. Court of Chancery, Washington County, Maryland State Archives.
Frederick County, MD Land Record E, page 594.
Frederick County, MD Land Record F, page 458.
Frederick County, MD Land Record J, pages 232-233, 652-653.
Washington County, MD Land Record A, pages 13-15.
Washington County, MD Land Record B, pages 448-449, 498-499.
Will of Robert Pearl, Frederick County, MD, Sept. 1765.
Allegany County, Maryland, 1793 Tax Assessment.
Frederick County Maryland Land Records, Liber J Abstracts, 1763-1767, Patricia A. Anderson, 1996.
The Pennsylvania Archives, Series 3, Vol. XXII, Taxables for Bedford County, PA 1773-1784.
The Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, Vol. IV, Bedford County Soldiers.
Mother Cumberland, Raymond M. Bell and Paul J. Connor, Heathside Press.
Pennsylvania Society Sons of the American Revolution, Floyd G. Hoenstine, 1956.
Lineage Book, Daughters of the American Revolution, Vol. 108, page 303.
Sons of the American Revolution, files for Samuel F. Dean and Martha Camp.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book H-1, page 422.
Revolutionary War Pension Application # R2806, Samuel Dean, date 1845. National Archives.
1850 Federal Census of Fayette County, PA.
Bedford County 1779 Tax list and 1784 Census, Family Line Publications.
The Corn Stalk Militia of Kentucky 1792-1811, G. Glenn Clift, Kentucky Historical Society, 1957.
Division of the Names of the Inhabitants of Huntingdon County in the 1790 US Census, Pennsylvania Section into Townships, Blair County Historical Society, 1951.
Kentucky, A History of the State, Perrin, Battle and Kifflin.
Marriage Bonds and Consents, 1786- 1820, Mercer County, KY, Alma R. S. Ison and Rebecca W. Conover, 1970, page 34.
Mercer County, KY, Census Records 1789, 1800, 1820, and Tax List 1795, Betty J. Yenne, 1965.
Second Census of Kentucky, 1800, Glenn Clift.
Research Paper, “William Dean (about 1735-1825)” Lawrence A. Dean, 15406 N.E. 30th Ave., Vancouver, WA, 98686
Bedford County Warrant, Deed, and Survey for William Dean, 140 acres.
Land applications, warrants, surveys and patents for Zebulon Moore, Thomas Luckett, Samuel Dean, John Dean,; PA Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.
Huntingdon County, PA Court of Quarter Sessions Minute Book A Dec. 1788-Apr.1793, and Book B Aug. 1793-Aug. 1797.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book A-1, page 232.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book C-1, page 111.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book D-1, pages 229-230.
Mercer County, KY Will Book 8, pages 293-294.
Mercer County, KY 1820 original Federal Census 1820 census, page 94-omitted on microfilm.
Revolutionary War Pension Application #R2800 for John Dean, National Archives and Records Administration.
Distribution of Estate Accounts Washington County, MD 1778-1835, Compiled by Dale Walton Morrow and Deborah Jensen Morrow, page 1.
Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan. 1995, page 30.
Huntingdon County, PA Will Book 1, pages 305-306.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book C-1, page 111.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book D-1, pages 101, 229-230.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book G-2, page 231.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book H-1, page 460.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book I-1, page 426.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book T-1, page 392.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book U-1, pages 184, 310, 481. 482.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book W-1, page 626.
Huntingdon County, PA Courthouse Death Index, 1852-1853.
Huntingdon County Gazette, April, 1821.
William Blake Dean Family Papers, Minnesota Historical Society.
Dean Family file, Huntingdon County Historical Society.
Country Cousins: Descendants of Samuel Dean, 2nd edition, 2001. Ralph Terry Dean and Beverly Dean Peoples.
Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Files, Vol. I, Abstracted by Virgil D. White, 1990.
Revolutionary Patriots of Frederick County, Maryland 1775-1783, Henry C. Peden, Jr., Family Line Publications.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book K-1, pages 3-4.
Huntingdon County, PA Land Patent to Samuel Lilley, February 25, 1788.
Huntingdon County, PA Land Patent, H 24, page 401.
Pennsylvania Land Survey Huntingdon County, C 118, page 52.
Mary, Margaret, Rachel, Lyddie and Lucy Dean
Frederick County, MD Land Records, Liber B, page 503.
Frederick County, MD Land Records, Liber F, page 111
Frederick County, MD Land Records, Liber G, pages 360-362.
Washington County, MD Will Book A, page 279.
Washington County, MD Will Book A-2, pages 122-123.
Washington County, MD Deed Book O, pages 634-635.
Washington County, MD Deed Book T, page 88.
Huntingdon County, PA Deed Book A-1, page 232.
Washington County Federal Censuses 1790-1840.
Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol., 10, No. 4, page 170.