The Family of George W. DEAN (1786-1856)
and a Related NEWTON family
by Lawrence A. Dean
Contact me at: ladean23 AT gmail DOT com
Revised and edited for publication on the internet August 28, 2004
Preface to the internet edition
This monograph was first published in June 1997 and was revised in January 1999. This is an August 2004 revision edited for publication on the internet by cutting the figures, maps, every-name index and four-generation descendancy charts. I intend to prepare a new printed version which will include the items omitted from this edition. When I do, I expect to make it available at my cost of copying and mailing to those who would like a copy.
I would very much like to hear from anyone who is descended from these Dean or Newton families or is otherwise interested in them. Contact me, Larry Dean, at: ladean23 AT gmail DOT com
George W. Dean was born in 1786 in Pennsylvania. He married Elizabeth Hoshel and they had at least three children in Pennsylvania before he and his young family moved to Ontario, Canada about 1816. After moving to Ontario the family added another child and his first wife died. About 1818, probably in York County, Ontario, he married Jane Edmondson, and they had at least eight children. He is known to have resided in the following counties in Ontario: Welland, York, Simcoe and Waterloo. Additional counties where his children are known to have resided: Wellington and Brant. He died near Hawkesville, Wellesley Township, Waterloo County in 1856 and his second wife died there in 1860. This monograph traces many of his descendants through three generations. Surnames intermarried with George W. Dean's children: Newton, Hawk/Hawke, Hope, Kidd, Baird, Lavey, Roadhouse and Hahnel.
George W. Dean's second wife's sister was Mary Newton, mother of the family described in the section on a related Newton family. Three of the children of this family intermarried with children of George W. Dean. Other surnames intermarried with the children of this family are Plant, McDonald, Feth and More.
This monograph is dedicated to my cousins, those living and those past, those I know and those who may someday discover this monograph on a dusty shelf (or on the internet). They have inspired me to take the time necessary to prepare this monograph. I have enjoyed every moment of it.
This monograph presents the information I have collected on the family of my great great grandfather, George W. Dean. When I started this project in the fall of 1995 I didn't have any idea who the parents and siblings of my great grandfather Levi Dean were. By expending considerable time, effort, and especially by some good fortune, I now know quite a bit about the family of George W. Dean. My most important piece of good luck was contacting a woman who lives near Salt Lake City, Utah who had submitted some information on her ancestors to the Ancestral File maintained by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Her name is Arlene Tovey, and it turned out that she is the great great great granddaughter of George W. Dean. When I first contacted her in May 1996 she told me about the inscription on the gravestone of a George Dean in Hawkesville, Ontario, and within a month of that time she told me she had found his will. That will is the most important single piece of information I have about the family of George W. Dean. Attachment A is a transcription of that will.
All the records I have found except one refer to my great great grandfather simply as George Dean. The exception is the death record of his son John Dean that gives the name George W. Dean. I have found no other reference to a middle name, but he was born in 1786, three years after the Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War and three years before George Washington was inaugurated first president of the United States. Census records after that time list more than a few men with the given names George Washington. In this monograph, I will use the middle initial to distinguish him from his son named George Dean, and his son named George Dean.
Of necessity, much of this monograph will consist of reporting who was living where at the times when censuses were taken. I have found evidence of George W. Dean or parts of his family in the 1810 census in Pennsylvania, the 1837 and 1846-47 directories of Toronto and surrounding area and the 1851/52, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, and 1901 censuses in various parts of Ontario. This monograph is limited to a description of the wives and children of George W. Dean, his children's spouses and children, and the spouses of those children, where I know them. In numerous cases I have speculated about the relationship of people where I am uncertain. I have tried to clearly indicate when I have done that.
Generation 1 to 2.
George W. Dean
George W. Dean b. 1786 in PA, USA, d. 21 Nov 1856 nr Hawkesville, Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON
m. 25 Jan 1810 prb in Shirley Twp., Huntingdon, PA, USA to Elizabeth Hoshel
b. abt 1780 prb in Frankstown Twp., (then) Bedford, PA, USA, d. 27 Jan 1818 in Thorold, Welland, ON
Martha Dean (1810-1876), Henry Hoshel Dean (1811-1890), Mary Dean (1815-1857), George Dean (1818-1871)
m2. 1818 prb in York, ON to Jane Edmondson b. 1792 in Argyle Town(ship), Washington, NY, USA,
d. 1860 in Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON
Elizabeth Jane Dean (1819-1898), John Dean (1824-1910), Sarah Ann Dean (1825-1905), James Dean (1827-1899),
William Dean (1831-aft 1901), Levi Dean (1833-1912), Alfred A. Dean (1835-aft 1888), Walter Dean (1837-1914)
Quite certainly, George W. Dean was born in Pennsylvania in 1786. The inscription on his gravestone in the Hawkesville Cemetery in Hawkesville, Wellesley Twp., Waterloo County says:
"Erected / in memory of / George Dean / who died / Nov. 21, 1856 / AE 70 yrs /
a native of Pennsylvania / Allaghany County"
The apparent misspelling of Allegheny is understandable. In the 1790 census, the county was spelled Alleghany, and several geographic place names in the area are spelled variously.
The enumerator of the 1851/52 census where George W. lived at that time recorded details that were not required. Whereas most enumerators recorded the country of birth for foreign born people, that enumerator recorded that George W. was born in “Penn.”
Census records in 1790 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania show only one head of household surnamed Dean, a Jane Dean. I looked at all the wills and estate administrations from 1789 to 1860 in Allegheny County. In April 1789 letters of administration for the estate of a William Dean of Pitt Township who died without leaving a will were granted in Allegheny County, and the administrators were Jane Dean and Abraham Dean. They were William’s widow and son. I have found some records which give the children of that William and Jane Dean, but there is no indication that George W. Dean was part of that family.
The earliest record I have found of George W. Dean was his appearance as a single freeman in the 1807 tax list of Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co., PA. Single freemen were taxed beginning at the age of 21, so his first appearance in 1807 agrees with his being born in 1786. He continued to appear as a single freeman until 1810 when he began to appear on the regular tax list indicating that he was married. This agrees with information from the book described below which indicates he married Elizabeth Hoshel in January 1810. He continued to appear on that tax list through 1816 after which he apparently departed the area and his name no longer appears on that list.
There were at least fifteen heads of households surnamed Dean in the 1790, 1800 and 1810 censuses in what were then Bedford and Huntingdon Counties. Could some of these Dean-s have been George W.’s parents or siblings? I looked at all the wills and estate administrations from 1787 to 1847 in what is now Huntingdon and Blair Counties without finding anything which would identify the parents or siblings of George W. Dean. I scoured land records, local histories, vital records and every other record I could find without finding his parents and siblings. In March 2000 I compiled much of what I had found into a paper titled The Dean Families of South-central Pennsylvania About 1780 to 1810.
In the 1810 census of Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co., PA a “J. Dean” was enumerated in a household consisting of one male age 16 to 25, one female age 26 to 44 and one female below the age of 10. Unfortunately, the 1810 census in Huntingdon County recorded only the first initial, not the given name, of the heads of households. There is no doubt in my mind that this “J. Dean” is George Dean, perhaps known as Jorge, and that the young female in the household is his daughter, Martha, born just before the census was taken in August 1810. Enumerated on the next line was H. Hoshel in a household of one male age 45 and over, one male age 10 to 15, one female age 45 and over and one female age 10 to 15. The older male and female are quite certainly Elizabeth (Hoshel) Dean’s father, Henry, and his wife. I don’t have an explanation for the young male and female.
The War of 1812 occurred during the time George W. lived in Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co. The war began in June 1812 and all hostilities were not concluded and the U.S.-Canadian border restored until the summer of 1815. During those years, battles raged along the U.S.-Canadian border from the St. Lawrence River to the western extremes of the Great Lakes. Military records published in the Pennsylvania Archives indicate a company of the Pennsylvania Militia commanded by Captain William Morris was called to six months' duty on 6 May 1813. A publication made on the occasion of The Sesquicentennial of Huntingdon County in 1937 notes that this company was raised by conscription of men who resided in Huntingdon County. Records in the Pennsylvania Archives indicate this company included a private named George Dean, 26 years old at the time, pretty surely the subject of this monograph. Pay records indicate this company was in Erie, Pennsylvania in May 1813. The Pennsylvania Archives indicate that 19 of the 101 men in this company deserted during their six months' duty. Fifteen of these deserted between August 16 and 19, 1813. George Dean and six others deserted that company on August 17.
If this company was part of the regiment of the Pennsylvania Militia which was stationed at Presqu' Isle (Erie, Pennsylvania) during the summer of 1813 (and it probably was) the excerpt quoted below from the book Flames Across the Border by Pierre Berton adds an interesting sidelight. Two gunboats were constructed by the United States government in the harbor at Presqu' Isle during the winter of 1812-13 and were launched over the bar into Lake Erie in July 1813. In describing conditions at Presqu' Isle in the months before Captain Oliver Hazard Perry's famous naval battle on Lake Erie in September 1813, the author of the book says: "The two hundred soldiers who accompanied him (Perry) from Black Rock have long since been ordered back to Sackets Harbor, and his only defence force is a comic opera regiment of Pennsylvania militia who are too afraid of the dark to stand watch at night. When Perry inquires about these unsoldierly qualms he receives a jarring reply from their commander: 'I told the boys to go, Captain, but the boys won't go.' " It might be added that the author of the book is a Canadian.
In December 1997 I obtained a copy of the book The Family and Descendents of Henry Hoshal 1650-1980 by Glenn Kilmer, published in 1980 in Brantford, Ontario. This book is mainly a compilation of the descendants of the Henry Hoshel who, the book says, was born in Holland in 1745, came to America around 1775 and was in Frankstown Township, (then) Bedford County, PA in 1779. While the later generations compiled in the book are probably quite accurate, much of the earlier information is questionable in my opinion. The book says Henry was a brother of Jesse Hoshel, a Revolutionary War Patriot who lived in Maryland. A lot of material is available on this Jesse, including a pension application. I have found no documentary evidence that Jesse had a brother named Henry. Based on a bible in the possession of a descendant of Jesse Hoshel, the book claims Henry and Jesse’s father and grandfather were named Henrich/Hendrik Hoshal. It says they were Palatine Germans and the grandfather and his family fled to Holland about 1710. In 1998 I had the opportunity to talk at length with the author of the Hoshal book. He indicated that the information on the earlier generations had been compiled in the 1930’s by Walter J. Hoshal II who died in 1957, and that he, the author of the book, had used that information without attempting to verify it. The author gave me a copy of eight typed pages of material prepared by Walter J. Hoshal II.
The book says Henry Hoshal had four children: Henry who “was probably born around 1770 in Holland,” Benjamin born 1773 according to a bible record which gave his birth date but not his birth place, a daughter probably younger than Benjamin whose name is not known, and Elizabeth born “around 1780, probably in Frankstown, Pennsylvania.” The book says Elizabeth married George Dean and gives dates and places for her marriage and death. I have chosen to use her marriage and death dates because they fit other available evidence. However the places given for her marriage and death are strongly contradicted by documentary evidence. The book says Elizabeth “died without children” which George W.’s will and other evidence proves wrong. It gives information on George W.’s second wife and children which is woefully mixed up. The book follows Henry from Pennsylvania to Ontario and back before he died which agrees with other evidence, but it has dates for this which are verifiably wrong by 15 to 20 years.
There are numerous records independent of the Hoshal book which indicate the whereabouts of Henry Hoshel during the latter part of his life. In April 1778 Henry Osshall swore a oath of allegiance to the Patriot cause in (then) Bedford Co., PA. The 1779 Tax Lists for all of Pennsylvania list only one Hoshel, a Henry Hoshel! He appears in the 1779 Tax List in Frankstown Township, in (then) Bedford Co. (now Blair Co.). He appears as Henry Hoshel in the class tax of 1782 in Frankstown Township. Henry Oshal was enumerated in Wayne Township, Mifflin Co., PA in the 1790 census. Wayne Township adjoins Huntingdon County. The federal direct tax of 1798 listed Henry Hoshel as the owner of a large log building in Shirley Township, Huntingdon County. This was one of the largest buildings in the tax district and was probably a tavern. Henry Hoshel was enumerated in Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co. in the 1800 census. According to the book History of Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania by J. Simpson Africa, originally published in 1883, he was an overseer of the poor in Shirley Township in 1797 and 1808 and a constable there in 1800. Africa also identifies Henry Osiel as an early settler of Shirley Township who lived “below Mount Union near what is (in 1883) known as the Knox bridge.” He was enumerated as H. Hoshel (next to J. Dean) in the 1810 census of Shirley Township. A warrant to survey 412 acres in Shirley Township, Huntingdon County was issued to Henry Hoshel and Jonathan Walker by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in April 1814. This tract fronts on the south side of the Juniata River about two miles downstream from Mt. Union. There is a record of that tract being divided between the two men in November 1814, and a record of the sale of Henry Hoshel’s half of that land to Hugh Doyle in May 1816. The deed of sale gives the name of Henry’s wife: Martha.
Based on George W.’s will and Canadian censuses, he and Elizabeth had at least three children while they lived in Pennsylvania: Martha Dean born in 1810, Henry Hoshel Dean born in 1811 and Mary Dean born in 1815.
Henry Hoshel, his wife, and daughter and his son-in-law, George W. Dean, removed from Shirley Township to Welland County, Ontario in probably 1816 or 1817. Their names appear on tax lists in Shirley Township through 1816; Henry sold his 200+ acres of land there in May 1816. The Hoshal book and other records indicate that Henry’s sons, Henry Jr. and Benjamin, had migrated to Ontario, Canada before the War of 1812. The Hoshal book says Henry’s wife died and was buried in the Niagara area of Ontario and Henry returned to Pennsylvania to die. Henry Hoshel died without a will in March 1828 in Shirley Township, Huntingdon County. Hugh Doyle was appointed by the court to administer his meager estate.
The Hoshal book says Elizabeth Dean, wife of George W. Dean, died 27 January 1818 “around Richmond Hill.” I believe she died at Thorold, Welland County, Ontario (near Niagara Falls) which is where her son George was born very close to that date (according to her son George’s death record). I believe that George W. and his young family must have removed from the Niagara area to the area north of Toronto (around Richmond Hill) very shortly after his wife’s death. According to the Hoshal book, there are records of Benjamin Hoshel, Elizabeth’s brother, in the vicinity of Richmond Hill, (in Markham Township north of Toronto) as early as 1813. Also according to the book, Benjamin bought 80 acres in Lot 11, Conc. 2 of Markham Township, York County in February 1818, and in September 1818 he married Sarah Lyon near Richmond Hill. I believe George W. probably married his second wife sometime in 1818 probably in Markham or Whitchurch Townships, York County (north of Toronto), but I have found no record of that marriage. The first child of his second marriage, Elizabeth Jane, was born in March 1819 in Ontario (according to her death record).
The next documentary evidence I have of the family is the birth of a son, John Dean, in Whitchurch Township, York County, Ontario on 24 February 1824. Six more children followed: Sarah Ann, James, William, Levi, Alfred and Walter. Levi's obituary states that "he was born near Aurora in 1833". Aurora was a town of moderate size on Yonge Street about 24 miles north of present-day downtown Toronto. It is located on the border between Whitchurch and King Townships.
We know the names of the four children of George W. and his first wife and the eight children of his second wife from his will. I have found good evidence of all of them. There may have been other children who did not survive him, but I have found no evidence of them.
I have found the maiden name of George W.’s second wife in only one record, the marriage record of her son William. Thankfully, it is clearly written. Her name was Jane Edmondson. According the 1851/52 and 1861 censuses, she was born within a year of 1792 in the United States. Further research indicates she was probably born in Argyle Town(ship), Washington Co., New York State, and that she was the daughter of Robert Edmiston and his wife, Jemima. See the section on The Related Newton Family for more information on Jane’s parents and siblings.
Walton's Directory of Toronto and the Home District was compiled in 1837. It lists only heads of households and does not give any other information except where each person resided. That directory lists the following people of interest: George Dean on Lot 20, Concession 3, James Edmonson on Lot 20, Con. 2, Henry Edmondson on Lot 18, Con. 3, and Abigail Newton on Lot 19, Con. 3, all in Whitchurch Township, York County. Each of these lots is adjacent to one or more of the others. They are located about three miles due east of Aurora. 1837 is about 19 years after George W. Dean married his second wife, Jane Edmondson, and about four years after his older children started marrying Newton-s. See the section on the Related Newton Family for more information on these Edmondson and Newton families. A Samuel Newton was enumerated about three miles south, on Lot 4, Con. 4, Whitchurch Township. I have found no evidence that he was related to the Newton-s who married into the Dean family. A few miles farther south, a Widow Hoshell and a Benjamin Hoshell were enumerated on Lot 11, Con. 2 of Markham Township. According to the Hoshal book, these were the widow of Elizabeth’s brother Benjamin Hoshel and the son of Elizabeth’s brother Henry Hoshal.
George W.’s two sons by his first wife, Henry H. and George, married Newton sisters and settled in Tecumseth Township, Simcoe County as early as 1833. They lived there most of the remainder of their lives.
In 1834 Samuel Lount was elected to represent Simcoe County in the Legislature of Upper Canada (Ontario). He was an uncle of John Hawk who in about 1832 married George W. Dean's eldest daughter, Martha. In the 1830's, political storm clouds were gathering over the corrupt administration of Upper Canada by the "Family Compact,” a collection of officials who favored family and friends in dispensing land and appointing government officials. The leader of the opposition to the "Family Compact" was William Lyon Mackenzie, and he was joined by others including Samuel Lount. In 1837 many of the leading reformers, including Mackenzie and Lount, lost their seats in Parliament, and their cause became an armed rebellion. After the uprising was put down, some of its leaders including Mackenzie escaped to the United States, but two of the leaders were caught and later hanged. One of these was Samuel Lount. The reforms over which the rebellion was fought were enacted into law on February 10, 1841.
In about 1846 Benjamin Hawk Sr., his wife Mary (Lount) Hawk, and the families of their five sons and four daughters moved from Simcoe County to unsettled land in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. The area was known as the "Queen's Bush." The community where they settled became Hawkesville. These Hawk families included Benjamin Jr. and Mary (Dean) Hawk and John and Martha (Dean) Hawk. John Hawk built the first gristmill in the vicinity of Hawkesville, and his brother Percifer Hawk built the first sawmill. There are numerous instances where verifiable members of this family, in some cases even the same person, spelled their name Hawk or Hawke. On at least one early map the town was named Hawksville. Except where quoting sources, I have chosen to spell the name Hawk.
Accompanying the Hawk families were a number of other families, including George W. Dean, his wife and their sons John, Alfred and Walter. Land records indicate George Dean, Sr. claimed Lot 4, Con. 15 (Eastern Section) Wellesley Township in 1847. This is the land devised in George W.’s will when he died in 1856. These land records also show a Henry H. Dean claimed part of Lot 8, Con. 11 (ES) Wellesley Township in 1847 and a George Dean claimed the east half of Lot 13, Con. 14 (Western Section) in 1850. I think these were George W.’s sons claiming land in Wellesley Township, but not remaining there for any length of time.
The 1851/52 census was the earliest Canadian census to list the names and ages of all the members of each household. It records many of the people listed in the previous two paragraphs at or near Hawkesville, Wellesley Township. In that census, George W. Dean, his wife Jane, their two youngest sons Alfred and Walter, their son John and his wife Margaret and a Jane Newton were enumerated in a one-story log house. The census enumerator wrote "granddau" beside the name of Jane Newton even though the census form did not require such information. My research indicates she was actually a grandniece of George W., not a granddaughter. In that census, George W. gave his religion as "No Church" while the remainder of the family were "Wesleyan Methodist."
George W. Dean died 21 November 1856 at the age of 70 years. He was buried in the Hawkesville Cemetery. In his will he bequeathed 62 acres of land consisting of the east part of Lot 4, Con. 15 (Eastern Section), Wellesley Township and the buildings on it to his son, John Dean, and he bequeathed 50 acres consisting of the west part of that lot to his son, Walter Dean. The James Sim who witnessed the will was "a minister of the Baptist Denomination" and a community leader in Hawkesville. He later performed marriages involving at least two Hawk children and the Jane Newton mentioned above. See Attachment A for a transcription of that will.
The only record I have of the death of Jane (Edmondson) Dean is the entry under the household of John Dean in the 1861 census. It says that Jane Dean died in the twelve months preceding the census. In the remarks column it is noted that she was 68 years of age and that she died of cancer. Her age recorded in this and the 1851/52 census indicates that she was born within a year of 1792 in the United States. There is no indication that she was buried in the Hawkesville Cemetery despite the fact that the plot adjoining George W.’s grave was vacant at that time. Perhaps she was buried somewhere else, perhaps in Wellington County where some of her children lived. Or perhaps the marker has been destroyed or covered. The interment records of this cemetery were lost in a fire.
The 1871, 1881 and 1901 Canadian censuses recorded the "national origin" of each household member. In all but two of the numerous instances I have found, George W.’s descendants indicated they were of German national origin. In the two exceptions, George W.’s sons John and Levi said they were of English origin in the 1871 census, but in later censuses they said they were of German origin. Could this be correct? A couple of my first cousins and I remember being told as children that the reason we were so stubborn was because of our "Pennsylvania Dutch" (German) ancestry. The fact that George W. was born in Pennsylvania raises the possibility that his ancestors were German immigrants. During the period 1724-1754 Germans fleeing from the devastation of the Rhinelands by French armies flocked to William Penn's colony at the rate of nearly 2,000 a year. By 1750 half of the people in Pennsylvania were immigrant Germans. If George W.'s ancestors did immigrate to the United States from Germany, the name may have been changed from the original spelling. The Pennsylvania Archives contain a document: Names of Foreigners who took the Oath of Allegiance, 1727-1775. It indexes both "Dein" and "Dehn" under "Dean."
On the other hand, the surname Dean is not usually German. The national origin given for most Americans and Canadians with Dean surnames is English, Irish or Scottish. The earliest records of marriages of George W.'s children indicate they were performed by Wesleyan Methodist or Presbyterian ministers, and the given names of his children, like Martha, Mary, Jane, Elizabeth, John, James and William, do not have a German sound. I guess the Dean national origin will have to remain a mystery not solved in this monograph.
Generation 2 to 3.
Martha Dean b. 7 Aug 1810 in prb Shirley Twp., Huntingdon, PA, USA, d. 12 Dec 1876 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
m. abt 1832 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to John Hawk b. Nov 1810 in PA, USA, d. 6 Jul 1882 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
Corinna Hawk (1833-Aft 1882), Elizabeth Hawk (1835-1894), Samuel Lount Hawk (1836- ), Susan Hawk (1838- ),
Martha Hawk (1840-1875), Henry Hoshel Hawk (1842-1871), Benjamin Hawk (1844-1923), Jane Hawk (1846-1871),
John W. Hawk (1848-1885), Janet Hawk (1849-bef 1861), George Hawk (1856-1878), Charles Hawk (1860- )
Sources consistently indicate that Martha Dean was born in Pennsylvania, but they conflict on when she was born. Her gravestone, the 1851/52 and the 1871 censuses indicate she was born in 1810, but her birth date computes as 7 August 1811 from her death record, and the 1861 census gives 1811. If she was born in August 1810, then her brother Henry H. would have been born just a year later. Or they both could have been born in 1811 – twins. Despite the fact that she was listed second to Henry H. in George W.’s will, I believe she was born in 1810.
I do not have a marriage record for Martha Dean and John Hawk, but in 1832 her parents were pretty certainly living in Whitchurch Township. He was the third child of Benjamin Sr. and Mary (Lount) Hawk. John and Martha and their young family were among the families who went to Waterloo County in about 1846. John divided his land claim into town lots, built the first gristmill in the area and operated a store at the place that became Hawkesville.
While the family resided at Hawkesville, their son, Samuel Lount Hawk, married Jane Cunningham, age 20, daughter of Thomas and Janelle (Wright) Cunningham, on 18 March 1862; their daughter, Martha Hawk, married Chester K. Welliver, son of Ruth A. Welliver, on 17 June 1862; their son, Henry Hoshel Hawk, married Elizabeth Gotby, age 19, daughter of John and Ann Gotby, on 14 November 1867; their son, Benjamin Hawk, married Annie Khury, age 22, daughter of Michael and Frances Khury, on 14 December 1867, and their daughter, Jane Hawk, married David Doering, age 28, son of Christopher and Catharine Doering, on 27 February 1868.
The family was enumerated in the 1851/52 and 1861 censuses at Hawkesville. By the 1871 census, John Hawk, his brother, Gabriel, and John's son, Henry, had removed to Burford Township, Brant County.
An 1875 map of Burford Township shows John Hawk on part of Lot 13, Con. 9. Part of the village of Harley occupied the east side of that lot, as the remnants of it do now. In 1875 Walter Dean, half-brother of Martha Hawk, was a farmer and freeholder of part of the adjacent Lot 12, Con. 9. The other part of the village of Harley occupied the west side of this lot, and the Harley Cemetery is located at the east edge of this lot. In about 1885 Martha Hawk's half-brother Levi Dean was a farmer and freeholder of part of Lot 14, Con. 9. This lot is adjacent to the other side of the property of John Hawk.
Martha died in 1876 and John in 1882. Both died in Burford Township, Brant County, and both are buried in the Harley Cemetery, as are their sons Henry H. and George.
Henry Hoshel Dean
Henry Hoshel Dean b. 15 Aug 1811 in prb Shirley Twp., Huntingdon, PA, USA,
d. 30 Jul 1890 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
m. abt Mar 1833 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to Amanda Newton b. 15 Nov 1813 in USA,
d. 30 Apr 1888 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
Early in my search for the family of George W. Dean I found a wonderful little paragraph about Henry H. Dean in the 1881 Illustrated Historical Atlas, County of Simcoe. It said: "Dean, Henry M. (sic), farmer, and owner of S.W. ¼ Lot 22, Con. 2, 100 acres, valued at $9000. Mr. Dean was born in the State of Pennsylvania, U.S., 1811, was married to Miss Amanda Newton in 1833, and during April of the same year moved to Tecumseth. His farm, which is one of the finest in the county, was all cleared by his own hands, and he is looked upon as a public spirited and enterprising citizen."
The same atlas contains a map, which shows H. H. Dean on the entire west half of Lot 22, Con. 2. This is consistent with his owning 100 acres since each lot contained 200 acres, more or less. In a directory of Simcoe County farmers included in the same atlas are H. H. Dean, a freeholder on Lot 22, Con. 2; William Dean, a freeholder on Lot 22, Con. 2; George Dean, a freeholder on Lot 18, Con. 1; and W. W. Dean, a freeholder on Lot 18, Con. 2. This William Dean was a half-brother and this George Dean was a nephew of Henry H. Dean. This W. W. Dean was probably the William W. Dean, age 27, enumerated in the household of Henry H. Dean in the 1881 census, but I do not know how he was related to this family. The post office address for all of these Deans was Schomberg, a small town just south of the county border in King Township, York County.
The 1837 directory of Toronto and surrounding area lists a Hoseal Dean on Lot 2, Con. 2 Tecumseth Township. I suspect this is the same Henry Hoshel Dean, and the given name and location in the directory are in error.
I have been unable to find any children of Henry and Amanda Dean and think that it is quite possible that they did not have any. Unfortunately, the 1851/52 census for Simcoe County has been lost. By the time the 1861 census was taken they had been married 28 years, and any children they had early in their marriage would have been gone from home. The 1861 census shows the death of a Henry H. Dean in the twelve months preceding the census in the household of Henry and Mandy Dean, but according to his gravestone he was the son of Henry H.'s brother George and his wife Sarah.
In the 1871 census Mary Newton, 85 years of age and a widow, was enumerated in the household of Henry and Amanda Dean. I believe this was Amanda's mother.
Amanda Dean died 30 April 1888 in Tecumseth Township. Henry Hoshel Dean died 30 July 1890, also in Tecumseth Township. Both are buried in the Dunkerron United Church Cemetery. Dunkerron is a very small town on the border between Tecumseth and West Gwillimbury Townships about a mile east of where Henry and Amanda lived. Henry died intestate, and the court appointed "Levi Dean of the Township of Burford in the County of Brant, Farmer" to administer the estate. This Levi was my great grandfather, a younger half-brother of Henry H. Dean.
Mary Dean b. 20 Mar 1815 in prb Shirley Twp., Huntingdon, PA, USA, d. 20 May 1857 in Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON
m. abt 1831 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to Benjamin Hawk Jr., b. abt 1807 in PA, USA,
d. 12 Nov 1847 in Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON
Charles Hawk (1832-1921), Nelson Hawk (1833-1909), Martha Hawk (1835-1910), Caroline Hawk (1838-1930),
Philadelphia Hawk (1840- ), William Hawk (1843-1877), Araminta Hawk (1845- ), Benjamin Hawk (1847-1889)
m2. 11 Sep 1851 in Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON to William Roadhouse
b. 25 Dec 1828 in Monk Fryston, West Yorkshire, England, d. 17 May 1908 in Lawrence Twp., Osborne, KS, USA
Harriet Ann Roadhouse (1852-1876), infant Roadhouse (1855-1855)
Mary's gravestone says she was 42 years and 2 months old when she died on 20 May 1857. If this was intended to imply “and no days” then she was born on 20 March 1815. The 1851/52 census indicates she was born in Pennsylvania. I do not have a marriage record for Mary Dean and Benjamin Hawk Jr., but her parents almost certainly were living in Whitchurch Township at the time this marriage must have occurred. Mary and Benjamin Jr. had eight children, listed above. All except the youngest were probably born in Tecumseth Township, Simcoe County. The youngest, Benjamin, was born after they accompanied other Hawk families to the “Queens Bush” and founded Hawkesville. Benjamin Jr. was the son of Benjamin Sr. and Mary (Lount) Hawk and the older brother of John Hawk, who married Mary’s sister, Martha. According to the administration of his will, Benjamin Jr. died 12 November 1847 in Wellesley Township.
A record of Mary's second marriage is compiled in More Notices from Methodist Papers 1830-1857 by Rev. Donald A. McKenzie as follows: "Roadhouse, William, to Mrs. Mary Hawk, by Rev. Thomas Foster, 11th inst., at the residence of Jonathan Lee, in Wellesley twp." In this case, 11th inst. means 11 September 1851. This William Roadhouse, also known as Christopher William Roadhouse, was the eldest child of Mark and Harriet (Chrowder) Roadhouse. Christopher William's sister, Jane Roadhouse, married Mary's half-brother Levi Dean in 1855. See the section on Levi Dean for information about the Roadhouse family.
The census taken at the end of 1851 at or near Hawkesville in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County tells an interesting story. Enumerated all on the same page of that census were three related families: 1) Benjamin Sr. and Mary Hawk were living in a one and one-half story frame house, and living with them were their recently widowed daughter Mary Willson and two of Mary (Dean, Hawk) Roadhouse's children, Charles and Caroline Hawk. 2) Living in the next household in one-story log house were William Hawk (son of Benjamin Sr. and Mary Hawk), his wife and one-year old son, and living with them was Nelson Hawk, son of Mary (Dean, Hawk) Roadhouse. And 3) two households from them in a one-story log shanty were living the newlyweds William and Mary (Dean, Hawk) Roadhouse. Living with them were Mary's four youngest children, Philadelphia, William, Araminta, and Benjamin as well as five Roadhouse-s ranging in age from 22 down to 7. These Roadhouse-s were William's siblings. Enumerated ten pages earlier in that census was another of Mary's daughters, Martha, who was living with her aunt and uncle, Araminta (Hawk) and George Hughes.
On 16 June 1852 a daughter, Harriet Ann, was born to Christopher William and Mary Roadhouse.
Mary and Benjamin Jr.'s daughter Caroline Hawk married Abraham Taylor 6 February 1855, and her next younger sister Philadelphia "Filey" Hawk married James McIntyre in December 1855. Philadelphia would have been only 15 years of age at the time of her marriage. Both these marriages were in the records submitted for the year 1855 by Frederick W. Bindemann, minister of the United Evangelical Christian Church of Berlin, Waterloo County. Mary and Benjamin Jr.'s daughter Martha married Jeremiah Belden sometime between the 1851/52 and 1861 censuses.
Mary's gravestone in Rushes Presbyterian Cemetery in Wellesley Township indicates that she died on 20 May 1857 and that "her infant child" who died in 1855 was buried there. Mary's death occurred only a few months after the death of her father, George W. Dean. The 1850's must have been sad times for this family.
Some or all of Mary's children probably continued to live with relatives in Wellesley Township, at least there is a record of Nelson Hawk marrying Jane Fair, age 22, daughter of James and Mary (Foster) Fair at Wellesley on 12 February 1863. This marriage was also solemnized by F. W. Bindemann.
Benjamin Hawk Jr.’s parents, Benjamin Hawk Sr. and Mary (Lount) Hawk, died 14 May 1865 and 9 March 1876, respectively. Both are buried at the Hawkesville Cemetery.
By 1870 Mary and Benjamin Jr. Hawk’s youngest son, Benjamin Hawk, and Mary and William Roadhouse’s daughter, Harriet Ann Roadhouse, were in Rock Island, Illinois. On 20 June 1870, Benjamin married Mary Josephine Bresso and Harriet Ann married Henry Bresso. It seems very likely that Henry and Mary Josephine were brother and sister. The newly-married Benjamin and Mary Josephine were enumerated next to Harriet’s father and his family in that census. Benjamin worked for the railroad.
George Dean b. 27 Jan 1818 in Thorold, Welland, ON, d. 19 Jul 1871 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
m. 15 Dec 1838 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON to Sarah Newton, b. 1821 in ON, d. aft 1881 prb in Simcoe, ON
Henry H. Dean (1839-1860), Amanda Melvina Dean (1841- ), Ann Dean (1844- ), Arthur Dean (1847-1875),
Sarah Dean (1850-1885), Jackson Dean (1851- ), Mary Dean (1854- ), Emma Jane Dean (1857-1871),
George Dean (1858-1907), Levina Dean (1861-1923)
George Dean was the youngest child of the children “of my first marriage” listed in George W. Dean’s will. According to his death record, he was 53 years and 5 months old when he died on 19 July 1871. If this was intended to imply “and no days” then he was born on 19 February 1818. If the days were omitted from this entry, he could have been born as early as 19 January 1818. The 1861 census implies he was born between 14 January 1818 and 13 January 1819 while the 1871 census implies he was born between 2 April 1818 and 1 April 1819. According to the Hoshal book referred to above, George W. Dean’s first wife died on 27 January 1818. Considering the reliability of these several records, I believe his birth date probably was 27 January 1818, the same day his mother died.
His death record indicates he was born in Thorold, Ontario. Thorold is a town in Welland County near Niagara Falls. According to the Hoshal book, Henry Hoshal, brother of George W.’s first wife, lived near Thorold from 1795 until his death "around 1830."
On 15 December 1838 George married Sally Newton in Tecumseth Township, Simcoe County. John “Hawke,” who was the husband of George's sister, Martha, was one of the witnesses to the marriage. Sarah (Sally) Newton was probably the sister of Amanda Newton who married Henry Hoshel Dean. George and Sarah named their first daughter Amanda.
It appears that the first child of George and Sarah Dean was Henry H. Dean. He was reported to have died of "the bursting of a blood vessel" at age 21 at the household of Henry and Amanda Dean during the twelve months preceding the 1861 census. He is buried in the Dunkerron United Church Cemetery.
On 27 June 1860 George and Sarah’s daughter Amanda married David Burton, age 22, a resident of King Township, York County. King Township is adjacent to Tecumseth Township. His parents were Robert and Violet (Oliver) Burton.
George made his last will on 30 July 1870 in Lloyd Town, a town in King Township just across the border from Tecumseth Township. He died of "a malignant blood poison" on 19 July 1871. He had been ill three months. He is buried in the Dunkerron United Church Cemetery.
In his will, George left the north half of Lot 17, Con. 1 of Tecumseth Township to his second-oldest living son, Jackson, who was only 19 at the time, and he left the north-west quarter of Lot 18, Con. 1 to his third-oldest living son, George, who was only 13 at the time. For his oldest living son, Arthur, who was 25 at the time, he left to his executors in trust "the sum of four hundred dollars for the benefit of my son Arthur Dean, to pay over the said at such times and in such sums as my executors shall see fit for his maintenance and support." Arthur died in the "Asylum for the Insane" in Toronto on July 4, 1875.
George's wife, Sarah, was not mentioned in his will which seems odd since she was enumerated as part of his household in the census taken in the spring of 1871. This was less than a year after he made his will and just before he died. She was still living in 1881 when she was enumerated in the household of her 23-year-old apparently unmarried son, George, in Tecumseth Township. I was not able to find her death record or grave.
Their daughter, Emma Jane, died in King Township in October 1871, just a short time after her father died. She was reported to have had "consumption" (tuberculosis) for the 14 months preceding her death.
Their daughter, Sarah, was not enumerated in the household of her parents in the 1871 census when she would have been about 20. In the 1881 census she was enumerated, age 30, in the household of her uncle, Hoshal Dean. She was age 34 and unmarried when she died in Tecumseth Township in January 1885. She had been ill with "consumption" for one year before her death. H. H. Dean (probably her uncle) was the informant on this death record. She is buried in the Dunkerron United Church Cemetery. She left a will in which she gave her personal property to her uncle Henry H. Dean and his heirs. She left a house on part of Lot 22, Con. 2 to her uncle William Dean for as long as he should continue to occupy it, and after that it was to go to her niece, Levina Dean. See the paragraph below on Levina. She left $50 to each of “my uncle Minor Newton, my nephew James Gordon, and my cousin Amanda Hughes.” James Gordon was enumerated in the 1871 and 1881 households of Henry Hoshel Dean. According to those censuses, he was born about 1865 in the United States. One would have to guess that he was a child of one of Sarah’s older sisters, but I have been unable to find any records showing this. Sarah had a cousin, Amanda Hope, daughter of her aunt, Eliza Jane (Dean) Hope, who married a Joseph Hughes. I have found absolutely no records on anyone named Minor Newton.
George and Sarah’s youngest son, George, died in 1907 and left a will. According to that will he married Arabella Wray and they had a son George Henry Dean and a daughter Ruby Wray Dean. Family records obtained from a descendant of this family indicate that they had a third child, Lily, who died at nine months of age. In that will he left to his son the same north-west quarter of Lot 18, Con. 1 that had been left to him by his father. George, his wife, their daughter and her husband are buried in the Schomberg Union Cemetery.
Based on the 1871 census of the household of George and Sarah Dean, I am showing a Levina Dean as the youngest child of George and Sarah Dean. In that census George’s wife, Sarah, was 49 and Levina was the youngest person in the household was age nine. The next older child was son George, age 13. However, there are problems with this. First, George names what appear to be all his living children in his will, but not Levina. Second, in the will of George and Sarah’s daughter, Sarah, she leaves property to her niece, Levina Dean. One feasible explanation of this, totally speculative, is that Levina was the daughter of Ann, second oldest daughter of George and Sarah, age 27, apparently unmarried and living in her parents’ household in the 1871 census. According to the Hoshal book, Levina married John Lemon Hoshal, grandson of Elizabeth (Hoshel) Dean’s brother, Henry. There is quite a lot more information about Levina and her family in the Hoshal book. In an effort to determine whether Levina was a daughter of George and Sarah, I located Levina’s marriage record. In the space for her parents it says only “Mary Dean.” This could not have been George and Sarah’s daughter Mary as she was only seven years older than Levina. Then I located Levina’s death record. On it the informant, her husband J. L. Hoshal, says Levina’s father was “Geo. Dean,” her mother’s maiden name “unknown.” Another unsolved mystery.
The maps in the 1881 Illustrated Historical Atlas, County of Simcoe show a G. Dean on a small part of Lot 10, on the north half of Lot 17 and on the north-west quarter of Lot 18, all in Con. 1 of Tecumseth Township. The Farmers Directory in that atlas lists George Dean as a freeholder of part of Lot 18, Con. 1. Since George Dean, son of George W. Dean, died in 1871, these must be the George Dean born in 1858.
Elizabeth Jane Dean
Elizabeth Jane Dean b. Mar 1819 in prb York, ON, d. 27 Dec 1898 in Newmarket, York, ON
m. 21 Feb 1837 in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to John Hope b 1 Jun 1810 in Durham Co., England,
d. 9 Dec 1888 in East Luther Twp., Dufferin, ON
Lewis Hope (1839- ), George Hope (1841- ), Thomas Hope (abt 1842-abt 1851), Mary Hope (1844- ),
Margaret Hope (1847- ), Jane Hope (1849- ), Ann Hope (1850- ), Henry Hoshel Hope (1853- ),
John C. Hope (1856-1892), Amanda Hope (1858- ), Martha Hope (1860-1942)
For a long time I thought the Jane Dean who married John Hope and the Eliza Dean who was named in George W. Dean’s will were two different people. Now I know they were the same person and that she dropped the name Jane in favor of Eliza sometime between the 1861 and 1871 censuses. Based on her death record, the Eliza/Jane Dean who was the wife of John Hope was born March 1819 in Ontario. This birth date is consistent with her age in the 1871 and 1881 censuses. Her birth date and place are consistent with her being the first child of George W.’s second marriage which is the way she is listed in his will.
The earliest record I found of Eliza/Jane Dean was a marriage record of Jane Dean to John Hope on 21 February 1837 in Whitchurch Township. Because of the time and place of this marriage, I suspected that Jane was a daughter of George W. Dean, but these early marriage records did not give the names of the parents of the bride and groom. Later I found a marriage notice in the Toronto Christian Guardian newspaper which said: "Married: By the Rev. M. Lang, on the 21st ultimo, Mr. John Hope, to Miss Jane, daughter of Mr. Geo. Dean, all of the Township of Whitchurch."
In the 1861 census in Peel Township, Wellington County I found John Hope, wife Jane, and ten children. They were enumerated next to the household of Eliza/Jane’s brother, James Dean. In fact, two Hope children, Margaret and Ann, were enumerated once in the household of John and Jane Hope, and again as visitors in the household of James and Ann Dean. According to the ages given for John and Jane in this census, he was born in 1815/16 and she in 1820/21, but their death records place their birth years at 1810 and 1819, respectively. He was born in England, she in Upper Canada (Ontario).
Lewis, the oldest child in the 1861 Hope household, was born in 1839/40. According to his marriage record, he was born in Whitchurch Township, York County. Oddly, in this census 21-year old Lewis rather than 45-year-old John was enumerated as the head of household, and Lewis rather than John was listed in the agricultural census as the farmer of 100 acres on the east half of Lot 3, Con. 9, Peel Township.
In the 1871 census the same John Hope and three of the younger Hope children, Ann, John and Amanda, were again enumerated in Peel Township. In that census, John's wife's given name was Eliza, not Jane. Her age implies she was born in 1819/20. She was born in Ontario.
In the 1881 census John and Eliza were again enumerated in Peel Township. Again, Eliza was born 1819/20 in Ontario. In this census Anne, age 30 and Martha, age 20, were living at home. A 7-year old Charles Hope was also enumerated with the family. Since Eliza was 61 at the time, this Charles must have been a grandson, but I do not know who his parents were.
I found four marriage records in Wellington County which quite certainly are for children of this family. On 16 September 1864 Mary Hope, age 22, married George Forster, age 30, son of George and Sarah Forster, James Newton was one of the witnesses; on 16 October 1866 Lewis Hope, age 28, married Rosina Connor, age 19, daughter of William and Sarah Connor; on 17 February 1869 Margaret Hope, age 22, married Robert M. Comice, age 48, son of John and Nancy Comice; and on 30 January 1878 at Stirton Village John C. Hope, age 21, married Sarah Ann Downey, age 21, daughter of David and Sarah (Roadhouse) Downey. According to these records, both Mary and Lewis Hope were born in Whitchurch Township. Margaret's birthplace was given only as "Canada." John C's birthplace was West Gwillimbury Township, Simcoe County. In these four marriage records the names of the parents of the Hope children were given as John and Elizabeth J./ Eliza/ Elisa/ Eliza Hope.
In late 2000 I was contacted by a descendant of this Hope family. She gave me some information which had been handed down through the Henry Hoshel Hope line. She says there was an eleventh child named Thomas whom I had not found in any census. He was probably born about 1842 or 1843 and he died at the age of nine. She also gave me some more marriages: George Hope married Sarah Jane Hughes in Ontario, Jane Hope married Samuel Johnson in Ontario, Ann Hope married James Tyler, Henry Hoshel Hope married Jane Hudson 29 January 1879 in Maryborough Twp., Wellington County, Ontario, Amanda Hope married Joseph Hughes in Ontario and Martha Hope married first William Richardson 31 March 1886 in Grand Valley, Dufferin County, Ontario. William died in 1890 and Martha married second John White in 1892 in Ontario. This family moved to Flint, Genesee County, MI.
John C. Hope died on 17 December 1892 in Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa County, Michigan. He died of Typhoid Fever at the age of only 36. His parents’ names on that death record were John and Lysia Hope, and their residence was shown as Sault Ste. Marie.
John Dean b. 24 Feb 1824 in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. 3 Feb 1910 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
m. 9 Sep 1851 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON to Margaret Kidd b. 1831 in Ireland, d. 20 Jun 1885, Burford Twp., Brant, ON
Mildred Dean (1852-1879), Annie Dean (1856-1933), George Dean (1857-1904), Samuel Lount Dean (1859- ),
Eliza Dean (1862- ), Edward Dean (1864- ), Ephraim Dean (1868-1929), John Wesley Dean (1871- )
According to his death record, John Dean was born 24 February 1824 in Whitchurch Township, York County. In 1851 he married Margaret Kidd in Tecumseth. A Levi Dean was a witness. This was probably John's younger brother who would have been only 17 at the time. These early marriage records do not give the names of the parents of the bride and groom. For a while I thought she was the daughter of John and Jane Kidd who were enumerated in nearby Albion Township, Peel County in the 1851/52 census, but based on more recent information from descendants of that Kidd family, that was probably not the case.
John and Margaret Dean were enumerated in the 1851/52 census in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. They were living in a log house with George W. Dean, his wife and two youngest sons, and George W.’s “granddau,” Jane Newton.
The will of George W. Dean which was executed in 1856 left 62 acres of land consisting of the east part of Lot 4, Con. 15 (Eastern Section), Wellesley Twp. and the buildings on it to his son, John Dean. In 1861 John, his wife and their first four children were enumerated in Wellesley Township. John's mother, Jane Dean, was reported as a part of this household with the remark that she had died in the twelve months preceding the census.
By 1871 the John Dean family had moved to Burford Township, Brant County, and they were enumerated there in that census. On an 1875 map of Burford Township John Dean was shown on the west half of Lot 17, Con. 7. Thomas, James and Solomon Secord were shown living in very close proximity to John Dean on that map. These Secords were related to Mary Elizabeth Secord who married John's nephew Walter Scott Dean in Burford Township in 1880.
John and Margaret’s eldest child, Mildred, married Jonathan Stewart in October 1872 and their second eldest child, Annie, married John Charles Brown in July 1876. Both marriages took place in Burford Township. Mildred died in August 1879 a few days before her month-old daughter died.
John, Margaret and five of their children plus what appears to be Mildred’s seven year old son were enumerated in the 1881 census in Burford Township. Margaret died 20 June 1885 in Burford Township and was buried at the Burford Congregational Cemetery. Farmers Directories of 1883, 1888 and 1891 showed John Dean as a freeholder of Lot 17, Con. 7, and his sons George and Ephraim as tenant farmers on that property. John and three of his grown children, Eliza, Ephraim and Wesley, were enumerated in one household in the 1891 census. Wesley married Elizabeth Campbell in April 1895. In the 1901 census John and his daughter Eliza were enumerated in the household headed by his son Ephraim. Apparently Ephraim and Eliza were unmarried at that time. That census notes that Ephraim farmed 100 acres in Lot 17, Con. 7, Burford Township. In the same census John’s son, Wesley, Wesley’s wife and two children were enumerated on 50 acres of leased land in Lot 14, Con. 9.
When John and Margaret’s son, George, died in Seattle, Washington in 1904, George’s brother, Ed, who lived in Michigan looked after arrangements. Edward Dean was enumerated in the 1900, 1910 and 1920 censuses in Colfax Township, Huron County, Michigan with a wife and eight children.
John died 3 February 1910 and was buried in the Burford Congregational Cemetery on Sunday, 6 February 1910, a day the local newspaper reported to have the lowest temperatures so far that winter — 10 degrees below zero. The newspaper reported that a large number of people attended the funeral, including Levi Dean Sr. and Levi Dean Jr. of Detroit and Walter Dean of Grimsby. Levi Sr. and Walter were brothers of John Dean. Also reported visiting in Brant County was Mr. Williner (sic-Wilmer) Dean of Niagara Falls who was visiting his brother, Mr. M. Dean. This M. Dean would have been John’s nephew, Melville. Melville’s young wife died in Burford Township just six days before John died.
Sarah Ann Dean
Sarah Ann Dean b. Apr 1825 in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. 10 Jan 1905 at Harriston, Wellington, ON
m. 23 Sep 1845 in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to Jonas Newton b. 30 Aug 1825 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON,
d. 23 Apr 1908 in Harriston, Wellington, ON
Levina Newton (1845-1903), Thomas Albert Newton (1847- ), George W. Newton (1849- ), Eliza Ann Newton (1851- ),
Emma Newton (1853- ), Mary Newton (1855- ), Silas Newton (1857- ), Levi Newton (1859- ),
Samuel Lount Newton (1863- ), Arthur Newton (1866- )
The information I have on the family of Sarah Ann Dean comes from her marriage record, the 1851/52, 1861 and 1871 censuses in Peel and Maryborough Townships, Wellington County, the death records of Sarah and her husband, and their gravestones. Finding people in several censuses does not always improve definition. For example, the oldest child in this family was Levinia, Lavina and Labina in the three censuses, and all three were clearly readable. I picked Levina for my records. She had a cousin named Levina, and it sounds like the feminine of Levi, of which there were many in the related families.
There is little doubt the family of George W. Dean was living in Whitchurch Township at the time Sarah Ann was born. Her age as given in censuses, her death record and gravestone place her birth in 1825.
According to her marriage record, she was married by a Wesleyan Methodist minister to "Joness" Newton at Whitchurch on 23 September 1845. Her brother John Dean was one of the witnesses. I feel quite certain that Jonas was a brother of Amanda and Sarah Newton who married Henry H. and George Dean in 1833 and 1838, respectively.
There is a record of a James Newton acquiring the west half of Lot 1, Con. 9, Peel Township in April 1847, and of a Jonas Newton, presumably the brother of James, acquiring the NW ¼ of that lot in March 1851. In the 1851/52 census, Jonas and Sarah Newton and four children were enumerated in Peel Township. James Newton, his wife Margaret and one child were enumerated in the next household. They were probably located at the property mentioned above. Jonas and Sarah Newton lived in a log shanty, James and Margaret Newton in a log house.
In 1858 Jonas and Sarah Ann Newton were witnesses at the marriage of a daughter of Isaac and Maria Newton. This association lends credence to the idea that Isaac was a brother to the Newton-s who married into the Dean family.
In the 1861 census Jonas and Sarah Ann and their eight children were enumerated in Maryborough Township. Jonas farmed 100 acres in Lot 3, Con. 7, Maryborough Township. The family lived in a one and one-half story log house.
In the 1871 census they were again enumerated in Maryborough Township, probably on the same property. By 1871 they had added two more children, and one of their children, Eliza Ann, who would have been 20 at the time, was not enumerated in her parents' household. Enumerated next to them in this census were Sarah Ann's brother, James Dean, his wife and five children.
I did not find any marriages of the children of Jonas and Sarah Ann among the Wellington and Waterloo County marriage records I searched. According to a gravestone at the Harriston Cemetery, their daughter Levina married Henry Binns and they had at least one child, Albert H. Binns, who died at age 18 and is commemorated on the same gravestone.
Sarah Ann died in Harriston, Minto Township, Wellington County in 1905. Her husband died there in 1908. They are buried in the Harriston Cemetery.
James Dean b. 1827 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. 4 Mar 1899 in Harriston, Wellington, ON
m. 26 Nov 1850 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON to Ann Jane Baird b. 1832 in ON,
d. abt 1878 in Maryborough Twp., Wellington, ON
William Dean (1852- ), Mary Louise Dean (1855- ), George W. Dean (1858- ), Levi Dean (1864- ),
Jane Dean (1867- ), Ida Jane Dean (1868- )
m2. Abt 1880 prb in Maryborough Twp., Wellington, ON to Mrs. Sarah Jane Lang b. 1845 in ON
My knowledge of James Dean comes from the record of his first marriage, the 1851/52, 1861, 1871 and 1881 censuses in Peel and Maryborough Townships, Wellington County, Ontario and his death record.
According to his marriage record, James married Ann Jane Baird on 26 November 1850 at Tecumseth. A Levi Dean who was probably James’ brother was one of the witnesses. William Fraser, United Presbyterian minister, officiated.
In the 1861 census, an Ann Dean who was married, age 26, and visiting from the Township of Peel was enumerated in the household of a William and Mary Beard in Tecumseth Township. William gave Scotland as his birthplace and Mary gave Ireland. In the 1871 census, Ann Jane Dean, then age 39, indicated that her national origin was Irish. Despite the difference between her age, the spelling of Baird/Beard, and the fact that Ann does not claim her father's national origin, I believe these were her parents.
In the 1851/52 census James and his wife were enumerated in Peel Township, Wellington County. His place of birth was recorded as the United States, which I believe to be in error.
In 1861 James was again enumerated in Peel Township. This time James' place of birth was recorded as Upper Canada (Ontario). Listed in his household were his wife Ann, their first three children, and two visitors to the household, "Margete" Hope age 14 and Ann Hope age 9. The family lived in a one-story log house. Although James gave his occupation as "farmer” I could not find his name in the agricultural census.
Enumerated in the household next to James and his family in this census were John Hope, his wife Jane Hope and their ten children. The oldest of these children, Lewis Hope, was listed in the agricultural census as the farmer of 100 acres in the east half of Lot 3, Con. 9, Peel Township.
At the time of the 1871 census, James, his wife and the first five children shown above were enumerated in Maryborough Township, Wellington County. In this census James' place of birth was again recorded as Ontario. In the household enumerated next to them were Jonas and Sarah Ann Newton (James' sister) and their family.
Based on the 1881 census, it appears that James' wife, Ann Jane, died sometime after the 1871 census, and that he remarried a Mrs. Sarah Jane Lang. There are two children surnamed Lang (I think — almost impossible to read) in the household, George age 7 and Henry age 2. I assume they were her sons from a previous marriage. A sixth child, Ida Jane Dean, had been added to the household since the last census. Her age was given as 12, but she may have been younger than ten since she was not in the household ten years earlier.
James Dean died in Harriston, Minto Township, Wellington County on 4 March 1899.
William Dean b. 19 Sep 1831 prb in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. aft 1901 prb in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
m. 16 Feb 1860 in West Gwillimbury Twp., Simcoe, ON to Elizabeth B. Lavey b. May 1833 in ON,
d. 5 Feb 1911 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
Charles Wilmer Dean (1857-1949), George Washington Dean (1860-1890), William Milton Dean (1864- ),
Henry H. Dean (1865-1897), Walter W. Dean (1868- ), Levi F. Dean (1870- ), John Sherman Dean (1872- )
The earliest record I found of William was of his marriage. He was married 16 February 1860 at West Gwillimbury to Elizabeth Lavey, daughter of Charles Homer Lavey and Anne (Brown) Lavey. Henry H. Dean was the witness to the marriage. As in several other Dean marriages, the Rev. Wm. Fraser of the village of Bond Head performed the service. This marriage record is especially important because it is the only record I have of the maiden name of George W. Dean's second wife. William's marriage record happens to be on the same page as the marriage of William's niece, Amanda Melvina Dean, which was solemnized by the same minister in June of that year. William’s son, Charles Wilmer, appears to have been born three years before his marriage to Elizabeth Lavey. This and the fact that he was 28 at the time of this marriage may indicate that he was married previously.
In the 1861 census, William was enumerated in Tecumseth Township living by himself but on the same page with his brother, George. He was a carpenter. His wife Elizabeth Dean and sons Charles Wilmer and George Washington were enumerated three pages earlier in Tecumseth Township. In the 1871 census he was enumerated, again as a carpenter, in Tecumseth Township with his wife and all but the youngest of the children listed above. I found him and all but the second of his children again in the 1891 census in Tecumseth Township. William and the three older sons were “house carpenters;” the occupation of the three younger sons was “farm labour.” According to the 1891 census, both of William’s parents were born in the United States and both of Elizabeth’s were born in Ireland. William, his wife and youngest son appear in the 1901 census in Tecumseth Township. There are several discrepancies in this census – the ages of all three are a couple of years too young and the national origin of all three is “English” as opposed to German and Irish in the 1871 and 1881 censuses. I wonder who talked to the census enumerator. The six sons of William and Elizabeth all apparently had middle names and it’s pretty hard to keep track of them because they seem to have switched to their middle names from time to time.
The directory in the 1881 Illustrated Historical Atlas, County of Simcoe lists William Dean as a freeholder on Lot 22, Con. 2, Tecumseth Township. This and other records indicate that he and his family resided on this property during most of his adult life. In June 1897 the death of a Henry Dean, age 28, was recorded at Lot 22, Con. 2. The informant in this death was a Walter Dean. I think that both the deceased and the informant were probably William’s sons. In February 1911 the death of William’s wife, Elizabeth, was recorded at Lot 22, Con. 2. The informant was Sherman Dean, presumably her youngest son. I think the fact that her husband was not the informant indicates that he died before 1911.
In 2000 I was contacted by a descendant of William Dean/Charles W. Dean/Earl Dunbar Dean. She has done quite a bit of research in Becker County, Minnesota. Her ancestor, Charles W. Dean married Hilma Johnson. They were enumerated in the 1895 Minnesota state census at Lake View, Becker County, Minnesota, with a 1-year old son, Arel (Earl). She found the obituary of Washington Dean who died 14 December 1890 in the home of his cousin, George F. Newton, and was buried in the Oak Grove Cemetery at Detroit Lakes, Becker County.
Apparently several Dean and Newton families moved from Ontario to Becker County, Minnesota. According to the 1895 Minnesota state census, Enoch Newton (see James Newton in the Related Newton Family, below) arrived there in 1882, his brother George F. Newton arrived in 1883 and Charles W. Dean arrived there in 1891. My own grandfather, Walter S. Dean, his wife and first child moved there shortly before their second child was born in 1884. He was granted a homestead of 120+ acres near Frazee in 1891. Enoch Newton and his father, James Newton, were granted homesteads of about 40 acres near Detroit Lakes also in 1891.
The given name of William's second son, George Washington, again raises the possibility that George W. Dean's middle name was Washington. The middle name of William's son, Henry H., may have been Hoshel. I suspect that both of these are the case.
Levi Dean b. 19 Nov 1833 nr Aurora, Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. 27 Nov 1912 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
m. 14 Feb 1855 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON to Jane Roadhouse b. 17 Dec 1836 in Albion Twp., Peel, ON,
d. 16 May 1905 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
Alfred Ernest Dean (1856-1929), Elizabeth Dean (1857-1860), Caroline Dean (1859-1916),
Walter Scott Dean (1861-1936), Theophilus Samuel Dean (1864-), Harvey C. Dean (1866-1868),
Fanny Dean (1868-1878), Menno Dean (1871-1947), Levi Dean (1873-1947), Clark H. Dean (1874-1933),
Ella Dean (1879-1953)
According to his obituary in the Brantford Expositor, Levi Dean was born "near Aurora in the year 1833." Aurora is a town on the border between Whitchurch and King Townships in York County, and it is about three miles west of the location at which George W. Dean was shown in the 1837 directory.
The earliest evidence I found of Levi was as a witness to several marriages of his brothers, sisters and others in Whitchurch and Tecumseth Townships. He was married to Jane Roadhouse on St. Valentine's Day 1855 in Tecumseth Township, Simcoe County. She was born 17 December 1836 in Albion Township, Peel County, Ontario. She was the fourth of eight children of Mark and Harriet (Chrowder) Roadhouse. Mark was the son of Henry and Elizabeth (Johnson) Roadhouse. In 1829 Henry and Elizabeth Roadhouse, three of their daughters, their four sons including Mark, Mark’s wife and their infant son emigrated from Yorkshire, England to Albion Township, Peel County, Ontario, Canada. I have written a separate paper titled The Life of Mark Roadhouse (1808-1882) which gives more information about his family.
At the time of the census in the spring of 1861, Levi was a tenant farmer on the east half of Lot 3, Con. 2, West Gwillimbury Township. His household included his wife, Jane, and two children, Alfred E. and Caroline. Family records indicate their second child, Elizabeth, was born in November 1857 and died in January 1860. They apparently removed from West Gwillimbury Township to Wellesley Township, Waterloo County soon after the 1861 census because family records indicate that their fourth child, Walter Scott, was born near Hawkesville in October 1861. Their sixth child, Harvey C., was born in 1866 and died 10 July 1868. He was buried next to his grandfather in the Hawkesville Cemetery.
In the 1871 census, Levi, his wife and five children were enumerated in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. He was a tenant farmer of 250 acres in Lot 6, Con. 14 (Eastern Section) of Wellesley Township. This land was located about a mile from the land George W. Dean owned at the time of his death fifteen years earlier.
According to Levi's obituary, the family moved to Burford Township, Brant County about 1874. Their daughter, Fanny, died there of cerebral apoplexy in 1878. She is buried in the Harley Cemetery.
Tracing our Levi Dean in Burford Township is complicated by the fact that there were two people by that name who lived there at that time. I am quite sure the “other” Levi Dean was unrelated to our Dean family. He was 72 years old when he died in Burford Township in 1924. He and his wife, Lydia, are buried in the Hatchley Cemetery. He apparently resided in Burford Township before our Levi arrived there. I have assumed that any Levi Dean who lived near Hatchley or appeared there before 1874 was not our Levi.
In the Municipal Directory of Brantford and Brant County 1883-1886 and in the Farmers Directory of Brant County for 1888, Levi Dean is shown as a freeholder of Lot 14, Con. 9, Burford Township. This lot is near Harley, adjacent to the lot occupied in 1875 by Levi’s brother-in-law, John Hawk, and just a half mile from the property owned by Levi's brother, Walter Dean. Farmers Directories showed Levi Dean as a freeholder of Lot 11, Con. 9 in 1885, and Lot 9, Con. 8 in 1891. The death of Levi's wife, Jane Dean, was recorded at Lot 14, Con. 9, Burford Township in 1905.
Levi and Jane’s eldest child, Alfred E. Dean, married Elizabeth Shellington in November 1875 in Burford Township. Her parents were Edward and Margaret (Cairns) Shellington. Elizabeth died in December 1893, and in November 1895 Alfred married Effie E. Wheatley in Burford Township. Her parents were William and Bathsheba Wheatley. Levi and Jane's daughter, Caroline Dean, married Henry Shellington in October 1875 in Burford Township. Levi and Jane’s son, Walter Scott Dean, married Mary Elizabeth Secord in December 1880 in Burford Township. Her parents were David and Sarah (Zimmerman) Secord. I have written a separate paper titled The Descendants of Walter Scott Dean (1861-1936) which gives more information on this family. Levi and Jane’s youngest child, Ella, married Henry Herbert Read in March 1904 in Burford Township. His parents were Henry and Mary Ann Read.
Information on the marriages of the remaining children is less well documented. According to the 1900 census in Wayne County, Michigan, Theophilus was married to Lottie E. — maiden name unknown. They had one daughter. This census and other family records indicate Menno married Mary Hannah Pearce and they had three children. Menno and his wife died in Detroit, Michigan. Although Levi Jr. was unmarried at the time of the 1900 census, family records indicate he married Stella — maiden name unknown — and they resided in Detroit for many years. According to a marriage record, Clark Dean married Effi Lee in September 1893 in Burford Township. At the time of the 1900 census, they were living in Wayne County, Michigan and had one daughter. Clark was residing in Burford Township in 1912 when he was appointed to administer his father’s estate. According to family stories, Clark left his wife about 1915, drifted to the farm of his brother, Walter S. Dean, near Craik, Saskatchewan and then to Star City, Saskatchewan where he married a woman of native Indian descent whose name may have been Esther Louis, and they had two daughters. He died 20 December 1933 at Crooked River, Saskatchewan.
Levi's wife, Jane Dean, died of a stroke at their home in Burford Township on 16 May 1905. According to her obituary in the Brantford Expositor, she had been a "sufferer of paralysis for five years" before her death. The newspaper reported that after her funeral Levi "returned with his sons to Detroit to spend a couple of weeks." When Levi's brother John died in 1910, Levi and his son, Levi Jr., were reported by the newspaper to have come from Detroit for the funeral. Levi died of "inflammation of the prostate" at the home of his daughter, Mrs. H. H. Read, in Cathcart on 27 November 1912. He died intestate and the court appointed his son Clark Dean and his son-in-law Henry Herbert Read to administer the estate. Both Jane and Levi are buried at the Harley Cemetery.
Alfred A. Dean
Alfred A. Dean b. 1835 prb in Whitchurch Twp., Simcoe, ON, d. Aft 1888 prb in Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa, MI, USA
m. abt 1855 prb in Wellesley Twp., Waterloo, ON to Ann "Annie" ? b.1835 in ON,
d. Aft 1888 Prb in Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa, MI, USA
William Dean (1857- ), Walter Scott Dean (1859- ), Jacob Dean(1860- ), Sarah Jane Dean (1864- ),
Daniel Dean (1866-1886), Maria Elizabeth Dean (1868- ), Amanda Ida “Lidda” Dean (1871- ),
George A. Dean (1872-1888), Henry Hoshel Dean (1876- )
In the 1851/52 census Alfred was enumerated in the household of his parents near Hawkesville, Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. Also residing in that one-story log house were Alfred's younger brother, Walter, his older brother, John, John's recent bride, Margaret, and Jane Newton, whom the enumerator indicated was a granddaughter of George W. Dean. Alfred was reported to be a labourer, age 17, at the time.
When George W. Dean died in 1856 he divided his real property between John and Walter, and provided that one hundred dollars would be paid to Alfred by Walter from the value of the land left to Walter.
In the 1861 census, Walter Dean was head of household, and Alfred Dean, his wife and first three children were enumerated in that household in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. They lived in a one-story log house, probably on the property formerly owned by George W. Dean.
Methodist Church baptismal records indicate that the family of Alfred Dean probably resided in Maryborough Township, Wellington County about 1864-1868.
By the time the 1871 census was taken, Alfred and his family had removed to either Nottawasaga or adjacent Sunnidale Township in Simcoe County. These townships are at the southern end of Georgian Bay, about 30 miles northwest of Tecumseth Township where some of Alfred's brothers and half-brothers lived at that time. In the 1871 census Alfred's family consisted of his wife and the first seven of the children listed above. "Lidda" had been born in February, just one month before the census was taken. They were still in Sunnidale Township when the last of their known children was born in 1876.
Their children Daniel and George died in 1886 and 1888 in Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa County, Michigan. From the information on their death records, it appears that their parents, Alfred A. and Ann/Annie Dean, were residing in Sault Ste. Marie at that time. Other death records indicate that Alfred's nephew John C. Hope and his family were living in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan at that time or shortly thereafter.
Walter Dean b. 19 Jan 1837 in Whitchurch Twp., York, ON, d. 16 Jan 1914 in Brantford, Brant, ON
m. abt 1864 in ON to Theresa Hahnel b. 23 Feb 1846 in Prussia, d. 1935 in Burford Twp., Brant, ON
Henry Hoshel Dean (1865-1946), Margaret Rose Dean (1869-1934), Frederick Dean (1872-1945),
Emma Dean (1874-1949), Martha Alice Dean (1876-1876), Martha Ellen Dean (1878-1963),
Wilmer James Dean (1881-aft 1945), Melville Russell Dean (1885-1983)
According to George W. Dean's will, his youngest child was Walter Dean. According to Walter's death record, he was "born in Tecumseh, York County in 1837." There is no Tecumseh in York County. There is a Tecumseth Township in Simcoe County where Walter’s two oldest brothers settled as early as 1833 and lived most of the remainder of their lives. Since George W. was shown in the 1837 and 1846-47 directories on Lot 20, Con. 3 of Whitchurch Township, York County, I believe Walter was actually born there.
The next record I found of Walter was in the 1851/52 census when he was living in a log house near Hawkesville with his father, mother, two brothers, a sister-in-law and a niece. He was only 14 years old at the time, but the census gave his age as 16 and his occupation as labourer.
When George W. Dean died in 1856 he left 50 acres in the west part of the property he owned to Walter. In the 1861 census Walter was 23 and apparently unmarried but head of the household that included his older brother, Alfred, Alfred's wife and three children.
In about 1864 Walter married Theresa Hahnel. In 1865, when Theresa was only 19, they had their first child whom they named Henry Hoshel Dean. I searched records in three counties for their marriage record but was unable to find it. I was especially anxious to find it because marriage records after 1858 gave the names of the parents of the bride and groom and other information I was desperately seeking at the time. Many of the other marriage records cited in this monograph were found while I was searching for Walter and Theresa's marriage record.
Theresa Hahnel was the daughter of Gottleib and Rosina Hahnel. According to census information, the family emigrated from Prussia to Canada in 1857. In the 1861 census, Theresa was l5 and living at home with her parents and a younger brother, Fredrick. An older brother, Charles, was enumerated as an apprentice miller in the household of John Hawk. I found the marriage record of Theresa’s older sister, Caroline, to Norman B. Snyder in 1864, and I found the families of Theresa's parents, her older brother and his wife and two children, and her younger brother and his wife in the 1871 census. In that census Gottleib's occupation was "lime burner" and the occupation of both of Theresa’s brothers was "miller."
Walter and his family must have moved to Burford Township, Brant County before 1871, but I was unable to find them there in that census. The Farmers Directory of Brant County for 1871 shows Walter Dean as a freeholder of part of Lot 12, Con. 9, Burford Township. The 1875 map of Burford Township also shows him on this property and on part of Lot 16, Con. 10. The village of Harley is located on one side of the Concession 9 property, and the Harley Cemetery is located on the opposite edge of that property. Walter is shown again on that property in 1891, but when the newspaper reported that he was visiting for the funerals of his daughter-in-law and his brother in 1910, it said that he was "of Grimsby,” a town south of Hamilton, Ontario.
Walter and Theresa's first child, Henry Hoshel Dean, was a "professor of dairying" at the University of Guelph for many years. He married Almeda Ansley. They apparently did not have any children. After the death of Almeda, Henry H. married his housekeeper whose given name was Florence.
Walter and Theresa's second child was known as Rose Dean. I think it is she who appears in various censuses and other sources as Rose, Rosa, and Margaret with birth dates varying by as much as a year. "Mr. W. Dean and Miss R. Dean" were reported visiting in Burford Township from Grimsby at the time of the funeral of John Dean in 1910. Rose Dean died in 1934, unmarried, and was buried in the Harley Cemetery.
In 1910 Walter and Theresa’s son, Fred, was reported by the newspaper to be "of Brantford." His 1945 obituary reported that he was a widely known dairyman and manager of the Woodstock branch of the Toronto City Dairy.
Walter and Theresa’s daughter, Emma, married William H. Shellington, a farmer in Burford Township. His parents were Robert and Mary Shellington. They were some of the many Shellingtons or Shillingtons in that area at that time.
A daughter, Martha Alice, died at the age of about two months, and when their next child was born two years later, she was given the name Martha Ellen and called Nellie. She married Francis H. Casner, another Burford Township farmer. His parents were Albert W. and Julia A. Casner.
Their son, Wilmer, lived in Brantford according to sources I talked to at Brantford in 1995.
Their youngest son, Melville, married Minerva J. Geddy daughter of Thomas and Nancy Geddy of Burford Township. She was called Minnie. She died of cancer at her home near Harley on 27 January 1910 when she was just 23 years, 11 months of age. According to her obituary in the Brantford Expositor: "A sorrowing husband and two small children are left to mourn the loss of a loving and devoted wife and mother." In 1999 I was contacted by a grandson of Melville. His aunt, the daughter of Melville and Minerva (Geddy) Dean, gave me the following information. Melville’s daughter (my correspondent) was raised by her maternal grandparents and his son was raised by his paternal grandparents. Melville went to work as a telegrapher with the railroad and was sent to southern Alberta just before World War I broke out. He served overseas during the war and afterward went back to southern Alberta where he married Joanne McIlhagga in 1919. At Christmas 1923 they had a daughter and the child’s mother died the next day. In 1931 Melville married again to Dolly Genge. They had two sons. Dolly died in 1962, Melville in 1983. They are buried at Ft. Macleod, Alberta.
Walter Dean died of typhoid fever at age 76 on 16 January 1914. His death record gives his address at the time of his death as North Park Street in Brantford. Theresa lived another 21 years until 1935. They are both buried at the Harley Cemetery which is on or adjacent to land he once owned.
Generation 4 and Later Generations.
I have information on the fourth and later generations of many of the families described above and I am in contact with living descendants of several of them. Contact me for this information.
The Deans described in the foregoing were pioneers and farmers. From the time before George W. Dean was born to the third generation, they were at the forefront of the western movement in the United States and Canada. Free or cheap land attracted them toward the frontier, as it did many Americans and Canadians of that era.
Although I have not found documentation, George W. Dean's family was very probably in the newly settled areas of central or western Pennsylvania shortly after the American Revolutionary War. When George W. Dean and his young family settled in Whitchurch Township in the early 1820's it was on the edge of the wilderness north of Toronto. As the excerpt on Henry Hoshel Dean stated, he cleared his land in Simcoe County with his own hands. When George W. Dean accompanied the Hawk families to the "Queen's Bush" in Wellesley Township, Waterloo County in about 1847 they were among the first settlers in the area. Not far behind with land transactions as early as 1847 were the Newton, Hope and Dean families in Peel and Maryborough Townships, Wellington County.
Mothers had babies every two years for twenty-five years. When four or six year gaps appear in the list of children, they are likely as not caused by deaths during childbirth or in the baby's early years. Deaths of several children in a family at one time from communicable diseases such as scarlet fever and diphtheria were common. These large families lived in "log houses,” or sometimes "log shanties." Their ability to endure the hardships they must have encountered from rural life on the frontier, from their primitive houses and extremes of weather are a source of strength and pride for me, as they should be for all their descendants.
A Related Newton Family
From the time I began to research my Dean family in Ontario I suspected that there was some special relationship between them and the Newton-s I was finding there. Newton-s witnesses Dean marriages and vice versa. George W. Dean was listed on lot 20, concession 3 and Newton-s were listed on the adjacent lot 19, conc. 3 in Whitchurch Township in the 1837 and 1846-47 Directories. I found that George W.’s two oldest sons had married Amanda and Sarah Newton. I found that his second oldest daughter by his second wife, Sarah Ann, had married a Jonas Newton. Although I do not know for sure that Amanda, Sarah and Jonas Newton were siblings, there seems to be plenty of circumstantial evidence that they were.
In November 1997 I contacted a woman who had posted her interest in the Newton surname on the Internet. Her name is Lucy Shore. She lives in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. After comparing our notes it became apparent that we were both researching the same Newton family. She is descended from Leonora Newton, the eldest daughter of this family. According to the record of the second marriage of Leonora, her parents were Abijah and Mary Newton. Ms. Shore and I believe it is likely that the Abigail Newton shown in Whitchurch Township in the 1937 directory was an erroneous recording of the name Abijah, and that the M. Newton and James Newton shown in the 1846‑47 directory were Abijah’s wife and son. We believe that Abijah died sometime after 1837 and before the 1846‑47 directory was prepared. We have found no evidence of his death or burial.
In the 1871 census, Mary Newton was an 85-year-old widow living in the household of Henry H. and Amanda (Newton) Dean in Tecumseth Township. According to that census, Mary was born in 1785/86 in the United States.
There is a strong parallel between the Dean and Newton families. The parents of the Newton family and the older children were born in the U.S. It appears that they migrated to Canada about 1818, very close to the same time as did George W. and his family, and that the children born after that time were born in Ontario.
Based on clues in the marriage and death records of Leonora Newton, Ms. Shore and I searched the Vermont - New York State border for this family before 1818. We found an Abijah Newton enumerated in the census taken in 1810 in Ticonderoga, Essex County, State of New York. That household consisted of one male and one female below the age of ten and one male and one female age 16 through 25. The ages of the persons in this household were consistent with this family being the one we were looking for. Ticonderoga is on the border between the States of New York and Vermont.
There is an 872-page book: Newton Genealogy by Ermina Newton Leonard published in 1915. That book includes information on a family headed by Jonas Newton, born at Worcester, Mass. on 3 February 1764 who married Tryphena “Phene” Pond in Hubbardston, Mass. on 15 December 1785. She was born at Wrentham, Mass. on 12 August 1769. The book lists two children of Jonas and Tryphena: Abijah Newton, born 21 June 1786 and Hannah Newton, born 12 March 1789, both at Hubbardston. According to this book this family was recorded in the 1790 census at Hubbardston, Mass. Also according to this book the family “Removed, probably to Vermont.” The book traces the ancestry of Jonas back five generations. There is no further information on Abijah or Hannah in the book. There is no proof that the Abijah in this book was the Abijah Newton we found in Ontario, but we believe he was.
Then in 1999 came a piece of information that tied these families together. I found the will of a John Edmonson who died 26 December 1857 in Bradford, Simcoe Co., Ontario. In his will he left “To my sister Jane Dean of Peel … the sum of fifty pounds, to John Dean her son, the sum of fifty pounds, and to Polly Newton my sister, living in Tecumseth, … a like sum of fifty pounds.” The residence of Jane Dean, wife of George W., was actually about a mile west of Peel Township at the time, but all the other facts fit. Polly is a common nickname for Mary. I have no doubt that Jane Dean and Mary/Polly Newton were sisters. If they were sisters then Sarah Ann Dean and Jonas Newton who married in 1845 were first cousins.
I have written a separate paper titled My Edmondson Ancestors which gives the information I have gathered on this Edmondson family beginning with Jane and Mary’s parents, Robert and Jemima Edmiston. It traces them back to Argyle Town(ship), Washington Co., New York State in 1790.
Generation 1 to 2.
Abijah Newton b. 21 Jun 1786 in Hubbardston, MA, USA, d. bef 1847 in prb Whitchurch Twp., York, ON
m. Mary Edmondson, b. 1785 in prb Argyle Town(ship), Washington, NY, USA,
d. aft 1871 in prb Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON
Isaac Newton (1807-1872), Leonora Newton (1808-1892), Wesley Newton (1811- ), Amanda Newton (1813-1888),
Lewis Newton (1816-1896), James Newton (1818-1897), Sarah Newton (1821-aft 1881), Jonas Newton (1825-1908)
Unlike the family of George W. Dean for which we have a will that lists the twelve children who survived him, the children of Abijah Newton are more speculative. Described below are eight persons who I believe were children of Abijah and Mary Newton. In addition, I found a Hannah Newton who was a witness, together with Wesley Newton, to the marriage of a George Plant of Whitchurch Township in April 1846. This is the only evidence I have found of a person named Hannah Newton in Ontario. She may or may not have been a sibling of the other members of this family. She could have been a wife of one. She could have been the person mentioned above as the sister of Abijah Newton. There is also a “Minor” Newton who was definitely a sibling in this family because he was mentioned as an uncle in the 1885 will of a daughter of George and Sarah “Sally” (Newton) Dean. Although he must have been well known to the writer of the will, I have found no other evidence of anyone named Minor Newton. Based on the proximity of Wesley Newton’s residence in 1871 to that of the person who wrote the will, he may be the person referred to as “Minor” Newton in that will.
Generation 2 to 3.
Isaac Newton b. 1807 in USA
m. to Maria Plant b. abt 1820 in ON
Leanary/Leonora “Nora” Newton (abt 1841-aft 1914), Jane Newton (1843-bef 1914), Sarah A. Newton (1844- ),
Margaret Newton (1845-1922), Ann/Elizabeth Newton (1846-bef 1914), Benjamin Newton (1848- ),
James Newton (1850- ), Solomon Newton (1851-aft 1914), David Newton (1854-1914),
William Newton (1855-bef 1914), Henry Newton (1857-bef 1914), George Washington Newton (1860-aft 1914),
Wellington Newton (1863-1928)
The records I have found on Isaac Newton and his children seem to present several inconsistencies.
According to a marriage record on which the names of the bride and groom are almost unreadable, an Isaac Newton married an Elizabeth Spikenard on 15 October 1839 at East Gwillimbury, York Co. Both gave their residence as Whitchurch. This date seems to fit pretty well with an 1841 date for the birth of the first child of Isaac and Maria Newton. These early marriage records do not give the couple's ages or parents' names. An Isaac Newton born in 1807 would have been 32 years of age in 1839. Whether this was the same Isaac Newton as the person described below is hard to say. Isaac was not an uncommon given name for Newton-s of that time.
I found Isaac Newton and his family in the 1851/52, 1861 and 1871 censuses in Maryborough Township, Wellington County. According to these censuses, he was born in 1807/8 in the U.S. His wife, Maria, was born in 1818/19/20 in Ontario. These three censuses combined show all but the oldest child listed above. Their birth years range from 1843 to 1863. The 1851/52 census shows Sally A. Newton, age 9, and Margaret Newton, age 6, as visitors to the Isaac Newton household from a location I believe was intended to read “Tecumseth.” Why they were visitors in the household of Isaac Newton is hard to explain. Marriage and other records indicate Sally and Margaret were indeed children of Isaac and Maria. A Jane Newton, born in 1843, was enumerated in the 1851/52 census in the household of George W. Dean. This was a dozen miles from Isaac’s residence. Based on her marriage record, this Jane appears to be an older daughter of Isaac Newton. Finally, based on another marriage record, the eldest child of Isaac and Maria appears to be Leanary/Leonora Newton. In all, it appears that there were five daughters followed by eight sons, for a total of thirteen children.
In all three censuses, Isaac and his family were enumerated in close proximity to Lewis Newton and his family. The 1861 agricultural census showed Isaac farmed 61 acres and Lewis farmed 119 acres on Lot 19, Con. 9, Maryborough Township. Enumerated with Isaac’s family in 1871 was Margaret Plant, a widow, age 75, born in the U.S. She was probably Maria's mother. I suspect she was the same person as the Mary Plant enumerated with her husband, Jeremiah, in Maryborough Township in the 1861 census. It seems the Plant family lived near the Dean and Newton families in the 1830's in Whitchurch Township, in the 1850’s and 60's in Wellington County, and in the 1870's in Brant County. The first record I found of my great grandparents together was when they witnessed the marriage of Jane Plant in Tecumseth Township in 1854, five months before their own marriage. I have written a separate paper titled The Plant Family / La Famille Plant which contains most of what I know about this family.
I found the marriage records of all five of Isaac Newton’s daughters. On 21 September 1858 Leanary (hard to read) Newton of Maryborough, born in Whitchurch, married in Maryborough Township, to Thomas Kiveli, born 1840 in Germany. Her parents were Isaac and Maria Newton. His father was Charley Kiveli. Witnesses to this marriage were Jonas and Sarah Ann Newton. Her age is unreadable on this record, but if she were at least 17 she would have been born in 1841 or before.
On 6 June 1861 Jane Newton married Hewey Augeng at Wellesley Township, Waterloo County. Her age was given as 19, which would make her born in 1841/42. This conflicts slightly with her age given in the 1851/52 census, which would make her born in 1843. The Rev. James Sim who witnessed George W. Dean’s will performed the ceremony. Walter Dean, probably George W.’s youngest son, was the witness. Jane’s father’s name was given as Isaac Newton and the place for her mother’s name was left blank. This seems strange if Maria was her mother since there is ample evidence that Maria was living at the time.
On 3 December 1860 Sarah A. Newton, age 19, married Jonathan Egar at Toronto Gore Township, Peel County. Her parents were Isaac and Maria Newton. Jonathan Egar was born in England. His mother was Ann Egar and his father was listed as “dead.” In later records this surname is recorded as Agar.
On 21 January 1868 Margaret Newton, age 23, married Edward Mapletoft at Maryborough Township. Her parents’ names appear to be Isaac and Maria Newton, although my copy of this record is very hard to read.
On 10 January 1865 Ann Newton, age 20, married John Jefferson, age 25, in Maryborough Township. As in the case of Jane Newton above, Ann’s father’s name was given as Isaac Newton and her mother’s name was left blank although Maria was recorded in the 1871 census. He was born in England and his parents were “dead.”
The information I have on the sons of Isaac and Maria, to the extent I have any such information, comes from quite a different source. I obtained the obituary of David Newton from one of his living descendants. David died in 1914 at Forest, Lambton County, Ontario. His obituary contains a wealth of information, not only on David, his wife and children, and their children, but also on David’s siblings. Using information from this obituary, I found the given names of George Washington Newton’s wife and five children in the 1900 census in Madison County, Illinois. Similarly, I found the given names of Wellington Newton’s wife and two children in the 1900 census in Hamilton County, Illinois. More recently I obtained additional information on Wellington Newton and his family from one of his living descendants.
In the 1851/52 census Jane Newton, age 9, was enumerated in the household of George W. Dean. The enumerator wrote “granddau” in the margin beside her name. For a long time I was baffled by how this could be true. Finally, after discovering that George W.’s wife was the sister of Isaac Newton’s mother it became apparent that Jane was actually George W.’s grandniece. Close enough for census work in those days.
Leonora Newton b. 31 Dec 1808 in NY, USA, d. 29 Nov 1892 in East Luther Twp., Dufferin, ON
m. abt 1825 in prb Whitchurch Twp., York, ON to James McDonald b. 11 Mar 1802 in Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland,
d. 20 Jan 1856 in Peel Twp., Wellington, ON
John McDonald (1826-1904), William McDonald (1832- ), Margaret McDonald (1834-1927),
James McDonald (1837-1918), Lewis McDonald (1840-aft 1927), Mary McDonald (1841- ),
Albert McDonald (1848- ), Amanda McDonald (1850- )
m2. 26 Feb 1867 in Peel Twp., Wellington, ON to Silas Card b. 1800 in Nova Scotia,
d. 31 May 1897 in Peel Twp., Wellington, ON
I obtained all the information about Leonora Newton in this monograph from Lucy McDonald Shore who lives in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Readers interested in sources for this material or in more information on Leonora should contact Ms. Shore.
According to her death record, Leonora Newton was born 31 December 1808. There is conflicting evidence that she was born in Vermont or New York State. The place where Abijah Newton was enumerated in the 1810 census (Ticonderoga, Essex Co., New York) is located very close to the Vermont border.
Although no marriage record has been found, we are quite sure that Leonora married James McDonald about 1825, probably in Whitchurch Township. He was born in 1802 in Scotland. They had the eight children listed above. The older children were born in Whitchurch Township, York County; the two youngest were probably born in Peel Township, Wellington County.
A James McDonald was shown in the 1837 directory of Toronto and surrounding area on Lot 17, Con. 3, Whitchurch Township. This was two lots south of where “Abigail” Newton was shown in that directory. There are several indications that this was the James McDonald who married Leonora Newton.
In 1847 James McDonald applied for the east half of Lot 15, Con. 7, Peel Township, Wellington County. He and his family were enumerated there in 1851/52. James McDonald died 20 January 1856 in Peel Township. Leonora was enumerated as a widow with the younger children in the 1861 census. She married again on 26 February 1867 to Silas Card. He was born in 1800 in Nova Scotia. In 1871 and 1881 she was enumerated with her second husband in Peel Township. Leonora died 29 November 1892 in East Luther Township, Dufferin County. Silas died 31 May 1897 in Peel Township.
Both of her husbands are buried in Potter’s Cemetery, Peel Township, but her burial site is unknown.
Wesley Newton b. 1811 in USA
m. 13 Jun 1854 in Tecumseth Twp, Simcoe, ON to Ann Feth b. 1809 in England
According to the 1871 census, he was born in 1811/12 in the U.S. Per a marriage record, Wesley Newton married Ann Feth, both of Tecumseth, on 13 June 1854. William Dean was one of the witnesses. Wesley Newton and his wife, Ann, were enumerated 22 households from Henry Hoshel Dean in the 1871 census of Tecumseth Township, Simcoe County. Wesley was a cooper. I found no children for this couple.
Born 1813 in the United States. Wife of Henry Hoshel Dean. See main section of this monograph.
Lewis Newton b. 1816 in USA, d. 6 Jul 1896 in Drayton, Wellington, ON
m. 4 Feb 1840 in Tecumseth Twp., Simcoe, ON to Susanah More b. Jul 1825 in ON,
d. 22 May 1879 in Maryborough Twp., Wellington, ON
Alfred Newton (1840- ), Elias Newton (1842- ), Joseph Newton (1844- ), Asa/Esau Newton (1850- ),
Mary Emily Newton (1852- ), Joel Newton (1855- ), Thomas H. Newton (1857- ) and Susanah Newton (1863- )
Per the 1851/52, 1861, 1871 and 1881 censuses Lewis Newton was born in 1816/17. Per three of the four censuses he was born in the U.S. Per a marriage record, Lewis Newton married Susanah More at Tecumseth on 4 February 1840. He gave his residence as Tecumseth, she as West Gwillimbury. Henry Dean was one of the witnesses. In the 1861 and 1871 censuses Lewis Newton was enumerated two households from Isaac Newton. Lewis farmed 119 acres on Lot 19, Con. 9, Maryborough Township, Wellington County. A combination of the three censuses lists the eight children shown above. According to three censuses his wife, Susanah was born in Ontario. According to her gravestone she was born in July 1825, but the 1861 and 1871 censuses imply a birth year a year or two later. Even using the earlier birth year makes her married and with her first child at age 15. In the 1861 census, Lewis' religion was listed as "Free Thinker,” while his wife and children were listed as "Quaker." In 1871 the whole family was listed as "Primitive Methodist." By 1881 Lewis was widowed and living with his son, Esau, his wife, and their two daughters. They were all Quakers.
James Newton b. 1818 in ON, d. 1897 in Detroit Lakes, Becker, MN, USA
m. to Margaret ?__ b. 1819 in ON, d. 1896 in Detroit Lakes, Becker, MN, USA
George F. Newton (1851-1920), Sarah Newton (1853- ), Henry Hoshel Newton (1855-1896),
Enock Newton (1859- )
Per the 1851/52, 1861, 1871 and 1881 censuses in Peel Township, Wellington County, James was born in 1818/19 in Ontario. His wife, Margaret, was born 1819/20 in Ontario. These censuses indicate they had four children as shown above. In 1861 James was a "Free Thinker" and his wife a Wesleyan Methodist. By 1871 his religion had changed to "No Religion,” and by 1881 they were both "Quakers." He was a farmer and a carpenter. His residence was 10 households from the residence of John Hope. On an 1887 map of Peel Township a J. Newton, who was probably James, was shown on the east half of Lot 4, Con. 7, Peel Township. Henry H. Newton, age 25, and his wife, Elizabeth, were enumerated next to James Newton and his wife in the 1881 census. Henry Hoshel Newton, age 41, died at Drayton, Wellington County on 3 November 1896. He was an engineer. Cause of death was "suicide by hanging."
Both George F. and Enoch were enumerated in the 1885 state census in Becker County, Minnesota. Enoch was married to an Elizabeth who was born in England and George F. was married to a Hannah who was born in Canada. The death record of their son gives her name as Hannah McGregor. They had three children. The 1900 federal census in Becker County gives more information on Enoch and his wife, including the fact that they had no children. See the discussion of these and other related persons in Becker County in the section on William Dean above.
Soon after I began this quest for my Dean ancestors, my cousin Harold Dean gave me a photo that had been among the possessions of his father, my Uncle Everett Dean. It was a photo-portrait of a young man taken at a studio in "Detroit, Minnesota." It looks like a high school graduation picture and it appears to have been taken about the turn of the century. On the back was written: "Gerald Newton, 2nd cousin, son of Geo. Newton." My Uncle Everett would have been 18 and living at or near Frazee, Becker County, Minnesota in 1900. Frazee and the present-day town of Detroit Lakes are neighboring communities. Second cousins are people who have the same great grandparents.
At first I thought this Geo. Newton was George W. Newton, born in 1849, son of Jonas and Sarah Ann (Dean) Newton. If that were the case, the "second cousin" notation on the back of the photo would be true. But then I looked at the 1895 and 1900 censuses in Becker County, Minnesota. There I found a George F. Newton, his wife, and three children named Mina, Gerald and Maggie. They resided in Detroit Village. The census indicated all but Maggie had been born in Canada and that the family immigrated to the U.S. in 1882. In the 1900 census Gerald was 20 years of age and going to school in St. Paul. These censuses indicate that George F. Newton was born in October 1851. Because of the middle initial and birth date I am now convinced that this George F. was the son of James and Margaret Newton! After I found the will of John Edmonson in 1999 (see the Introduction to the section on the Related Newton Family above) the answers to the questions that this photo had raised became apparent: Gerald Newton and my uncle were third cousins whose common great great grandparents were Robert and Jemima Edmiston!
Born 1821 in Ontario. Wife of George Dean. See main section of this monograph.
Born 1825 in Ontario. Husband of Sarah Ann Dean. See main section of this monograph.
Probate Record of the Will of George Dean – recorded December 1856
Typed from a microfilm of the original court record by L. A. Dean, 26 October 1996
Probate of The Will of George Dean, late of the Township of Wellesley, Yeoman, deceased, granted the 5th day of December, 1856, by William Uillen [?], Esquire, Judge, on the Petition of Jane Dean, the sole Executrix named in said Will, and which Will is in the words following, namely:—
The Last Will and Testament of George Dean, in the Township of Wellesley, County of Waterloo, and Province of Canada, by the Grace of God, Amen. I George Dean Considering the uncertainty of this Natural life and, Being of Sound Mind and Memory (blessed be Almighty God for the Same) do Make and publish this My last Will and Testament in Manner and form following (That is to Say) First I give and bequeath unto My beloved Wife Jane Dean all My personal Property Constituting My entire Farm Stocking Consisting in goods and Chattles viz: My entire farm Stocking On Lot No. 4 -15 Con (E.S) in the Township of Wellesley with the exception and reservation of One New Waggon One Span of Horses and harness and One Cow and Calf. I also will and bequeath fifty five Dollars in Money to be paid to her Annually for the term of her Natural life by My Eldest Son John Dean out of My real Estate. -
Item. I further Will and bequeath unto My Eldest Son John Dean the rest of My personal property Consisting of One New Waggon One Span of Horses and harness and One Cow and Calf. I also give and devise to My Son John Dean his heirs and assigns that part of My real Estate Lot No. 4 - 15 Con. (E.S.) in the Township of Wellesley Consisting of the East part of the Said Lot Containing Sixty two Acres of land with all the buildings and tenements thereon. — Reservation that from Said part of My Estate he John Dean Shall Pay to My wife Jane Dean the Sum of fifty five Dollars in Money Annually for the term of her Natural life: -
Item - I further give and devise unto My Youngest Son Walter Dean of my real Estate all the remainder of Lot No. 4 - 15 Con (E.S.) of Wellesley Consisting of the West part of Said Lot Containing fifty Acres of Land with the exception of One Hundred Dollars of its value in Money which I reserve to be paid by Walter Dean to My Son Alfred Dean.
Item - I further Will and bequeath to My Son Alfred Dean One hundred Dollars in Money, to be Paid to him by Walter Dean Consisting of the Sum which I reserved of that part of My Real Estate bequeathed to My Son Walter Dean.
Item - I further will and bequeath to Henry H. Dean to Martha Dean to Mary Dean and George Dean of My first Marriage Five Shillings Currency each. And of the Second to Eliza Dean to Sarah Ann Dean to James Dean William Dean and to Levi Dean five Shillings Currency each. And lastly I hereby appoint My beloved wife Jane Dean to be the Sole Executrix of this My last will and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set My hand and Seal this Fifth day of April in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eighty hundred and fifty Six. [5 April 1856]
[Sd] George Dean [seal]
The above Instrument Consisting of One half Sheet of paper was Now here Subscribed to by George Dean the testator in the presence of each of us and was at the Same time declared by him to be his Will and Testament and so at his request Sign our Names hereto as attesting Witnesses.
[Sd] James Sim Township of Wellesley Cty of Waterloo Province of Canada
[Sd] James Sim Jun'r Township of Wellesley Cty of Waterloo Province of Canada.
Contact me – Larry Dean – ladean23 AT gmail DOT com
Last revised 6 November 2010
Census Records | Vital Records | Family Trees & Communities | Immigration Records | Military Records Directories & Member Lists | Family & Local Histories | Newspapers & Periodicals | Court, Land & Probate | Finding Aids