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Notes for Samuel Dyer

Samuel probably moved with his parents from Canada to Illinois between 1842 and 1850 - by age 8. According to history of Randolph Co., IL article on David Dyer the family came to Randolph Co., IL in 1848.

1850 census Town 5S Range 7W, Randolph Co., IL - p110
Household #1665\1674 Census taken November 8, 1850
James Dyers (32), b. Ireland, farmer, value of real estate owned $100.
Mary A. (32) b. Ireland
William P. (14), b. Ireland
James (13), b. Ireland
Mary J. (11), b. Ireland
Samuel (9), b. Ireland
Joseph (7), b. Ireland
Archibald (4). b. Ireland
David (3) b. Ireland
Martha E. (8/12) b. Illinois

1860 census Twp. 5 South Range 7 west, Randolph Co., IL
Newton Bratney, age 30, b. IL, farmer
Elizabeth, age 23, b. IL
Samuel Dyer, 19, b. Canada, farm laborer.
Ann Shuler, age 12, b. IL

December 15, 1862 - Army of the United States Certificate of Disability for Discharge. Samuel Dyer, Private, of Capt. H. Nevill's Vols Infy. was enlisted by F. Swantiwck, Major of the 22nd Regiment of Ills. V.I. at Belville on the 11th day of June 1861 to serve 3 years. He was born in Canada (West), is 19 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches high, light complexion, blue eyes, light hair, and by occupation when enlisted a Farmer. During the last two months said soldier has been unfit for duty 60 days. Has done no military duty since April 22nd when he was shot on guard, person unknown - was probably accidental. I certify that I have carefully examined the said Samuel Dyer of Capt. H. Nevill's Company, and find him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier because of gunshot wound of popliteal (?) space slightly injuring the femur, producing anchylosis of knee joint. Signed John T. Carpenter. Soldier's address: Preston, Randolph Co., Illinois.

Randolph Co., IL - License & permission to marry were granted to Mr. Samuel Dyer and Miss Sarah Jane Mann on Oct. 27, 1863. The marriage was actually performed by E.M. Been, Justice of the ? (last word is hard to read) on Oct. 29, 1863. The Justice sat down and recorded these facts on a certificate dated Nov. 17, 1863 - apparently that's where the mixup came about the dates for the marriage on Samuel's pension papers. I still say if their first child was born Dec. 9, 1863 that it was probably an interesting wedding!

1865 - Evansville, Randolph Co., IL state census
Samuel Dyer
1 male 20-29 (Samuel, age 24) $700 livestock, 5# wool.
1 male 0-9 (William, age 2)
1 female 20-29 (Sarah Jane, age 22)

1870 census Twp. 5 South Range 7 west, Randolph Co., IL page 356A
Samuel Dyer, age 29, farmer, b. Canada
Sarah, age 27, keeping house, b. IL
William, age 7, b. IL
Mariette, age 5, b. IL
James, age 2, b. IL


State of Illinois, County of Randolph. On this day of March, A.D., 1872, personally appeared before me Bride clerk of this county Court, a duly authorized officer of a court of record in and for the county and State aforesaid Samuel Dyer who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical Samuel Dyer who enlisted under the name of Samuel Dyer in the military service of the United States at Cazyvill Ill. On the 25th day of June in the year 1861 as a private in company 76 in the 22nd regiment, Illinois Infantry volunteers in the war of 1861, and was honorably discharged on the 15th day of December in the year 1862 at Cincinati O; that his personal description is as follows: 5-10 height, Light complexion, Light hair, Blue Eyes by occupation farmer that while in the service aforesaid and in the line of duty, he received the following wound: Took a gunshot wound in the left leg - or thigh just above the knee under the following circumstance that is to say while on duty guarding the camp equipage after it was put on shore at Shilo in Tenn. When the Regiment landed off the transport he received said wound supposed to be an accidental from some person unknown to applicant but supposed to be from another regiment, and his physical condition is a weakness and lameness in that knee which greatly hinders him in his occupation as farmer. That since leaving the service Applicant has resided at County of Randolph and State of Illinois and his occupation has been a farmer. He makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on Invalid Pension Roll of the United States, by reason of the disability above stated; and hereby constitutes and appoints Harvey Nevill of Chester, County of Randolph, as his attorney to prosecute this claim and procure a Pension Certificate. That he has never received or applied for Pension, that his residence is in the County of Randolph and State of Illinois and that his post office address is Evansville in Randolph Co., Illinois. Signed by Samuel Dyer.

Son James died Sept. 15, 1872. Buried in Preston cemetery, Walsh Township, Randolph Co., IL. Listed on tombstone as 4 y, 7 m, 23 d.

Obit of daughter Mary Etta Dyer Peck states:
"Mary Etta (Dyer) Peck was born Dec. 2, 1865, at Evansville, Ill. died July 6, 1923, at her home. 426 Cherry St., Springfield, MO. Mrs. Peck came with her parents to Missouri in 1875, at the age of ten years, locating near Peirce City. About 5 years later she moved to Mt. Vernon.

Mt. Vernon, Lawrence County, MO list of pensioners - date of original allowance May 1877. On pension for gunshot wound, left thigh. Monthly allowance $6.00.

1880 United States Census Mt. Vernon, Lawrence, Missouri Page Number 586A
Samuel DYER Self M Male W 38 CAN Farmer IRE IRE
Sarah J. DYER Wife M Female W 37 IL Keeping House SC SC
Wm. H. DYER Son S Male W 16 IL Farmer CAN IL
Mary E. DYER Dau S Female W 14 IL At Home CAN IL
Edgar H. DYER Son S Male W 9 IL CAN IL
Samuel B. DYER Son S Male W 7 IL CAN IL
John E. DYER Son S Male W 3 MO CAN IL
Manuel H. DYER Son S Male W 1 MO CAN IL
Samuel's brother Bolton listed next door:
B. B. DYER Self M Male W 28 IL Farmer IRE IRE
Elizabeth DYER Wife M Female W 25 IL Keeping House --- ---
Amanda J. DYER Dau S Female W 2 IL IL IL
Marilla DYER Dau S Female W 9M IL IL IL

1882 List of Pensioners, Lawrence Co., MO: Certificate # 145,058. Samuel Dyer, Post office Mt. Vernon. Cause for which pensioined: gun shot wound, left thigh. Monthly rate: $6, Date of original allowance: May, 1877

Samuel died 1886. Buried Ozark Township cemetery, Lawrence Co., MO

From Fountain-Journal publ. Mt. Vernon,

April 1, 1886 - "Sam Dyer, who lives about 3 miles northeast of town, was out in the timber chopping, when his ax caught on a limb, which caused the ax to come down with great force upon his foot, cutting it almost off just in front of the instep. The Doctor thinks he may be able to save his foot."

April 15, 1886 - "It will be remembered that about two weeks ago we made mention that Samuel Dyer had cut his foot severely. From this or some other cause a fever set in that terminated fatally on last Friday night. The funeral took place on Sunday; the G.A.R. Post at this place taking an important part in the services. He was a member of that order."

May 13, 1886 - "MUSTERED OUT Resolutions of Respect adopted by Jewell Post No. 118 Dept. of Mo. G.A.R.
WHEREAS on the 10th day of April, 1886, the Commander of the Universe saw fit to remove from our ranks Comrade Samuel Dyer, late a private of Co. "H" 22 Ills. Vol. Inf., and who was in the 44th year of his age, and,
WHEREAS, It is right and proper that we should not only give an expression of our sadness at the loss of our comrade;but also a token of our high esteem of the character of the deceased. Therefore be it
RESOVED 1. That in the death of Comrade, we recognize that the post has lost an active and faithful member, the country a valuable and useful citizen and his neighbors a generous hearted friend, and his family a kind and affectionate husband and father.
2. That we extend to the bereaved family our heartfelt sympathy in this their hour of distress assuring them that, tho, "weeping may endure for a night, joy cometh in the morning."
3.That the members wear the usual badge of mourning for 30 days, and that a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the Records of the Post and a copy be sent to the family of the deceased.
Wm. Decker
W.H. Davis
John M. Filler

1890 Special census of veterans - Sarah J., widow of Samuel Dyer. Living in Mt. Vernon, Lawrence Co., MO. Samuel Dyer listed as serving as a private in Co. H, regiment 4, IL infantry. Enlisted June 11, 1861, discharged Dec. 15, 1862