Notes for William Dye
1810 census Mason Co., KY
1 male age 26-44 ( William, age 26)
1 female age 26-44 (Charlotte, age 36)
1 female 10 - 15 - ??
1 female under age 10 - ??
Will of Kenneth Dye March 15, 1817
Kentucky will Book D, pages 141-143
I Kenneth DYE of the county of Mason & state of KY being in a low state of health but of perfect mine & memory, do this fifteenth day of March & year of our Lord one thousand eighteen hundred & seventeen make & ordain this insturment of writing as my last will & testament & do dispose of my estate real & personal in the following manner/
In give to my son David DYE one young bay horse four years old, one cow & calf & six sheep & six hog. I give to my son James Dye bare mare called Iin & fifteen dollars in money & four sheep. I give to my son Hiram DYE ninety dollars to paid him when he arrives at the age of twenty one years. I give to my son Kenneth DYE one hundred dollars & the and ... I now use, the money to be paid him at the age of twenty one. I give to my daughter Jane one bed & bedding & curtains one looking glass & sixty dollars all out of my personal estate. I give to my beloved wife Phebe DYE all the property she brought to me including slaves & housefold furniture. Also provisions of bread & meat sufficient for six months, & two hogs also one half of the rent of the place for the last year, providing she shall except of it as her right of dower on in lieu of her thirds, all the remainder of my estate which is & here disposed to be equally divided between all my sons & daughters towit Peter DYE, WIlliam DYE the children of my deceased daughters Rachel, Margaret & Martha & my daughters Phebe & Jane that is to say the two children of my daughter Rachel to have one share divided between them, the children of my daughter Margaret to have one share divided between them, the children of my daughter Martha to have one share divided between them to be kept interest or laid out in bankstock for them that is all except their share of land at the descretion of my executor to the best advantage year by year till my youngest son comes of age at which it shall be equally divided between all my sons & daugheters & deceased daughters children as before named together with all rents & money that may be left after bring up & sufficiently schooling my youngest son & daughter & my son Hiram six months schooling & paying all my just debts, it is my desire that my sons Hiram & Kenneth be put to trades, such as they may choose, & I do here by appoint my friend Jonathan ROSS executor to this my last will & testament, also guardians to all my children under age. In witness whereof I have set my hand and seal the day & year above named.
John SHOTWELL Sen
Kenneth (his mark) DYE
The Migration from Middlesex County, New Jersey to Limestone, Mason County
William, John and Kenneth Dye [Laurens (1) > Hans (2) > John Laurens (3) > William (4) , William (5), John (5), Kenneth (5)] sons of William Dye/Dey migrated from Middlesex County, New Jersey to Mason County, Ohio. The time of migration is difficult to determine but could have been as early as 1787 or as late as 1793. Places of birth of many of the grandchildren of William Dye/Dey are unknown.
Joyce Mills' history of the family of William and Margaret Dye/Dey (Volume 3) notes that William, John and Kenneth migrated with members of the Shotwell, Morris, Stout, Drake, Arms, and Cahill families.
Kathy Smith provided some selections from "Pioneer Life In Kentucky" by Daniel Drake (1870). The book by is in the form of letters written to his children over the years. The one that is abstracted below is in a letter to his daughter, Harriet Echo (Mrs. James Parker Campbell).
"My father, Isaac, was the youngest son of Nathaniel Drake & Dorothy Retan (Rattan). My mother, Elizabeth, always called Betsey, was the daughter of (Benjamin) Shotwell and (Elizabeth) Bonney. They were born within three or four miles of each other".
"After the marriage of my parents, about the year 1783, they went to housekeeping near my grandfather Drake's, on his land where the town of Plainfield, (New Jersey), now is". [John and Kenneth Dye were born in Plainfield, New Jersey
"My father and his brothers (Abraham and Cornelius) were not contented with their position, and thought of emigrating. At that time, your native state was the habitation of Indians only, and KY was but 9 years older than myself...The brothers at first thought of moving (to Virginia) [where other Dye's had migrated]; but when two of them, including my father, made a visit there, they hesitated...The Rev. William Wood, (a Baptist minister) who a few years before had emigrated...to Kentucky, came back...and gave such a glowing account of Ky that old Virginia was soon forgotten. The Rev. Mr. Gano, of New York, another Baptist minister, or some of his sons, had visited Ky and his breath of praise still further fanned the flames - till at length the iron ties of affection for home and friends were melted, and a departure was determined upon.".
"There were a number of motives which accounted for this spectacular migration to the West. Land was relatively cheap and an inhabitant of one of the Atlantic states could sell his hundred acres there and acquire, in Kentucky, over a thousand far more fertile ones and have a substantial sum remaining. The desire for adventure or for acquisition of riches in a newly developing territory doubtless played a part. Some there were, probably, who wished to escape prosecution either for debt or crime. Taxes were high in the Seaboard states after the Revolution, and they could be avoided by emigration".
"The decision extended to five families: - the three brothers (Isaac, Abraham, and Cornelius Drake), Mr. David Morris (at times spelled by him, Morriss), older than either of them, who was married to my mother's cousin, and Mr. John Shotwell, rather younger, who was the brother of Mrs. Morris". [Three of John Shotwell's children - John, Nathan and Charlotte Wells Shotwell married three of Kenneth Dye's children - Rachel, Margaret and William Dye]
"The time fixed on for their departure was the latter part of the spring of 1788. Their first point (was) Red Stone Old Fort where Brownsville, (Pennsylvania), now stands. Their mode of travelling was in two horse wagons. The family of my father consisted, after himself and my mother, of myself, about 2 years & 7 months old, my sister Elizabeth, afterwards Mrs. Glenn, an infant at the breast, and my mother's unmarried sister, Lydia, who chose to accompany her into the wilderness, rather than submit to the caprices of a step mother for a longer time". [Two of William Dye's children - Ruth and Mounteer - married Robert and Aisley Glenn (brother and sister). Perhaps Elizabeth Drake Glenn noted above was a member of this or a related family,]
"Behold, then, the departure! these five persons, three of whom were adults, with all their earthly goods crowded into one "Jersey Wagon," to be hauled over the yet steep & rugged Allegheny mountains, and throughout an overland journey of nearly 400 miles by two horses. their travel was by Corryell's Ferry, on the Delaware Coryell's Ferry, now New Hope, Pennsylvania, thanks to Tom Robert Shaw - see above map], and Harris' Ferry, now Harrisburg, (Pa.), which you have visited, on the Susquehanna." New Hope is about 25 miles from Plainfield, New Jersey.
"I know not the length of time we were in reaching Red Stone Old Fort [- see above figure, less than 20 miles south of the Jersey Settlement] and nearly 300 miles from Middlesex County, New Jersey] , nor how long a preparation for the voyage to the "Point" or "Limestone" now Maysville, (Ky), detained us. When I was at or just leaving Mayslick nearly 3 years since, Mr Jasper Morris told me that his father had kept a diary of the journey, which was in his possession, and which I long very much to see. How many families were crowded into one boat, I do not know. The first and last landing (before reaching Limestone) was at Fort Pitt, now Pittsburg. The danger of being attacked by the Indians was too great to justify a landing (between that point and Limestone).
The flotilla, I presume, consisted of several boats, for the Rev. Mr. Gano, with a numerous family, including the present Mrs. Gen. Gano and her brother, Dr. Wm. Goforth, afterwards my preceptor, belonged to the river community. One of Mr. Gano's boats got stoved, but no lives were lost. That which my parents were in met with no accident; and on the 10th of June, 1788, just 64 days after the first settlement of Ohio at Marietta, we landed at Limestone, KY, which then consisted of a few log cabins only, though Washington, 4 miles off, was something of a village...".
Otto Juettner published (1909) a historical and biographical sketch of Daniel Drake. Selected abstracts from his work offer a biographer's view of Daniel Drake.
Daniel Drake's story of Old Billy Dye refers to William Dye who migrated to Mason County, Kentucky, as "our neighbor in Plainfield". This could be interpreted to mean that William did not migrate with the Drake, Morris and Shotwell parties but followed them a few years later. Regardless, this story helps paint a picture of the migrations from New Jersey to Pennsylvania.
It is interesting that John Shotwell, Cornelius Drake, and Jacob Drake inventoried the estate of "Old Billy" Dye.