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In the early years I'm not sure if the word King meant what it does today - the paper notes that some of these "kings" and their wives were living places like the Holte farm, the Egge farm, etc. I think they may have been more like land barons or lords.

Numbers indicate generation number from Yngve Frey, born about 65 BC - ie. Harald the Fairhaired in generation #28, and Cornelia is generation #56.


In "The Yngling Saga" of Heimskingla, The Saga of the Norse Kings Snorri Sturleson recounts the story of Yngve Frey (King of Svitjod, 65 B.C.-10 A.D.) son of Njorth.

1. YNGVE FREY - King in Svitjod, probably from Uppsala, Sweden, born about: 65 B.C. and died about: 10 A.D.Yngve was the son of Njorth. He was married to Gerd Gymnesdatter. Their son was:

2. FJALNE or FJOLNIR- born-about 32 B.C. and died in 14 A.D. The saga tells of his unusual death. While on a visit to Frode, the King of Denmark, a great feast was prepared in Fjalne's honor Co which the King invited many guests from throughout the country. A great vat had been constructed on the lower floor of Frode's big house, above which was a loft. A hole had been made in the floor of the loft to accommodate the preparation of mead (a strong alcoholic liquor) in the vat. Fjalne and his party had rooms on the level of the loft above the vat of mead. During the night Fjalne felt "nature's call" and left his room to relieve himself. The saga states: "he was very sleepy and exceedingly drunk." On his return to his room he slipped from the gallery into the vat of mead and drowned. His son was:

3. SVEGDE - King of Svitjod as well as a place in Russia from where he got his wife who was named Vana. Svegde was born in 1 B.C. and died in 34 A.D. The Saga tells of his strange demise, also in a state of drunken-ness like his father. One night when Svegde and his men had been drinking excessively and were about to retire for the night, Svegde looked out and saw a large stone with a dwarf sitting under it. He rushed to the stone where the dwarf opened a door and urged Svegde to enter in order chat he could see Odin. Svegde went in and never came out. He and Vana had a son who was:

4. VINLANDE or VINLANDI- a Swedish king who married Driva, daughter of Snow the Old from Finland, where he spent one winter. Vinlande left Finland in the spring, promising to return within three years. When he had not returned after ten years, Driva sent the son she had by Vinlande to his father in Sweden and sought: the help of a witch ro either kill Vinlande or force him ro rerurn ro Finland. During a nightmare, Vinlande was trampled to death by "Mara" (the nightmare or female ghost). Their son was:

5. VISBUR - Swedish King who was killed by his sons from his first wife. After Visbur senr away his first wife and two sons in order to take another wife, the first wife sent the two sons back to Visbur to ask him to return their mother's dowry - three large farms and a gold ornament. Visbur refused to return anything to them. During the night they gathered a group of men and went to Visbur's house where they burned the house with Visbur in it. His son was:

6. DOMALDE - A Swedish King who died in 130 A.D. During his reign, Sweden was ravaged by famine. No amount of sacrifice would appease the gods, so at last it was decided Co offer the King as a human sacrifice. This was done and the country then had good crops and people lived in peace. His son was:

7. DOMAR - King of Sweden from 130 A.D. until his death in 162. Domar had a long and peaceful reign. He was married to Drott, daughter of King Danp, and sister of King Dan Mikkillati, after whom Denmark was named. Their son was:

8. DYGVE - King of Sweden from 162 until he died in his bed in 190. His son was:

9. DAG - King from 190 to 220. The Saga tells that Dag had a special gift and could communicate with the birds. He had a sparrow which he would send to other countries to gather information for him. On one of the sparrow's visits to another country, a peasant killed the sparrow. When Dag heard about this he took a great plundering expedition to avenge the bird's death. After plundering, raiding and killing many people. Dag was returning to his ship when a workman in the field threw a hay fork into the troop, striking the king in the head, killing him. His son was:

10. AGNE - King from 220 Co 260. Agne took an army to Finland where he defeated the chieftain Froste and took his daughter Skjalv and her brother Loge. He married Skjalv and prepared a great burial feast in honor of her father, Froste. Agne now was in possession of the gold ornament which Visbur had refused to return to his first wife. It was securely tied about Agne's neck, when he fell into a drunken stupor after a great drinking bout at the burial feast. Skjalv, his wife, fastened a noose under the ornament while Agne slept, and with the help of her men threw the rope over a branch of the tree above and hanged Agne. His son was:

11. ALRIK - King from 260 until 280. He was born in 240 A.D. and had a brother, Erik. The Saga tells that the two brothers rode out into the fields one day and did not return. Upon investigating, they were found dead, their heads crushed. As they had no weapons, it was believed they had used the bridles of their horses to beat each other to death. Alrik's son was:

12. YNGVE ALRICKSSON - King in Svitjod from 280 until killed by his brother in the year 306 A.D. King Alf was very jealous of his brother Yngve. Alf's wife taunted him by making flattering remarks about Yngve, and preferred the company of her brother-in-law to that of her husband. One night after a drinking bout where the guests were so drunk they did not see the King enter the room, he went to the high seat where his wife sat with Yngve. Alf stabbed Yngve to death, but not before Alf returned the favor, and both fell dead. Yngve's son was:

13. JORUND
- King in Uppsala, Sweden from 302 until he was hanged in 312 A.D. He went on many expeditions, which suddenly ended when he was captured and hanged in 312. His son was:

14. AUN (ON OR ANE) THE OLD - King of Sweden until 380 A.D. Aun was not a warrior, but stayed "quietly at home." Several times he fled from attackers, always returning. In return for a long life, Aun sacrificed nine of his sons. At last the people of Sweden refused to let him sacrifice the tenth son. Aun died without pain at a very old age. His son was :

15. EGIL - King in Svitjod until 456. Egil, like his father, preferred sitting at home to fighting, yet he engaged in many battles before fleeing to Denmark. Here he got the support he needed to recover his kingdom. Three years later Egil was gored by a bull and died. He was buried in a mound at Uppsala, Sweden, His son was:

16. OTTAR VENDELCROW - King in Svitjod who died in 460. After many encounters between Ottar of Svitjod and Frode of Denmark, Ottar was at last killed
and his body left for the ravens and wild animals to consume. His son was:

17. ADILS
- King in Svitjod 460 Co 505. A very rich king who went on many Viking expeditions during his long reign. On one expedition Adils and his men plundered a King's house on the coast: of Holstein and took a large herd of cattle as well as all of the people tending the herd, among them an especially .attractive girl called Yrsa. She became the wife of Adils. As a result of an accident, Adils was killed in 505. His horse stumbled, fell, and threw Adils so that his head struck a stone, crushing his skull. His son was:

18. EYSTEIN
- King in Sweden from 505 Co 531. A marauding sea king surrounded the house where Eystein was sleeping, set it afire, burning the king and all his court. His son was:

19. YNGVAR
- King in Sweden from 530 until 545, when he fell in a battle with men from the Baltic lands. His son was:

20. ONUND ROADBUILDER
- who was King in Svitjod from 545 Co 565. Onund was one of the most popular kings. He built roads, hence his name, cleared land and brought it into cultivation. As Onund was passing through a deep, narrow, valley following heavy rains, he and many of his party were buried by a landslide. His son was:

21. INGJALD THE EVIL
- who was King in Sweden from 565 Co 623. Ingjald was fed the roasted heart of a wolf when he was a young boy and from that t ime forward he was a ferocious person. On one occasion, Ingjald prepared a great feast to which he invited many of the important leaders in Sweden. Among others, six kings were present. When the guests became adequately drunk, Ingjald and his cohorts set fire to the house, burning all those inside. This strategy was used several times by Ingjald - the last time when he found himself facing defeat - and rather than face his enemies, he and all his party became dead drunk, set the hall on fire, consuming all within. His wife was Gauchild. Their son was:

22. OLAF THE TREE-FELLER
- who was King in Sweden from 623 Co 640. After his father's death, Olaf fled to Vermland. He was married to Solveig, a daughter of Halfdan Guldtand. When famine came to the land, the people burned Olaf's house with him in it as a sacrifice to appease the gods. Their son was:

23. HALFDAN HVITBEIN "WHITE LEG,"
who was king in Denmark about 710. Halfdan was brought up by his uncle Solve, the brother of Halfdan's mother. Some of the Swedes decided it had been unfair to blame Halfdan's father for the famine, and the real cause was overpopulation, so they sent a force against Solve, killed him, and brought Halfdan back as a prisoner. Halfdan was made a chieftain and later became a great king in Vescfold. He married Aase, daughter of Eystein The Severe, King of Hedmark and Upland. Halfdan died in his bed as an old man in 740. Aase and Halfdan's son was:

24. EYSTEIN HALFDANSON
- who was King in Vestfold and Romerike. He was born in 710 and died in 789. He married Hild, daughter of King Eirik Agnarson. On one of Eystein's Viking raids, as he was in his ship returning home, the boom of another ship knocked Eystein into the water and killed him. Their son was:

25. HALFDAN THE MILD - who was King of Vest fold about 780. He was also called the "Bad Entertainer" as he did not feed his men well. He married Liv, daughter of King Dag of Vestmare and lived at the Holte Farm. He became ill and died in his bed. Their son was:

26. GUDROD HALVDANSON
- "Gudrod the Hunter" or Gudrod the Magnificent". He was King of Vestfold and Romerike until he was killed in 821. After Gudrod's wife died, he sent to King Harald of Agder for the hand of his daughter, Aase, in marriage. He was so insulted and incensed when he was refused, he put to sea with a large fleet and many Viking warriors. He arrived at Agder where he killed the king and his son, then kidnapped Aase and took her for his wife. Aase had revenge by having one of her bondsmen kill Gudrod, after which she ruled in the name of her son who was less than one year old when his father was killed. Aase is the queen who is believed to have been buried in the Oseberg Viking ship, excavated in 1904 and now on exhibit in the Viking Ship Museum on Bygdoy in Oslo. Their son was:

27. HALFDAN THE BLACK
- who was born in 820 and died in 860. Halfdan was married to Ragnhild, daughter of Sigurd Hjort, a strong and handsome king in Ringerike, and his wife Thorney, who was a daughter of a king in Jutland. Halfdan's death is described in detail in Heimskringla. As he was returning from a feast in Hadeland, he had to cross the ice on Randsfjord. It was during a great thaw in the spring of about 860 A.D. At the place he chose to cross, a hole had been made in the ice where cattle could drink. The dung from the cattle caused the ice to thaw, weakening it to such an extent that Halfdan and his party fell through the ice and drowned. His subjects, in each of the four districts where he ruled, wanted his body buried in their district. It was decided to divide the body in four so that one part could be buried in each district. (It is believed that Halfdan's half-brother, Olav Gierstad Alv, is the Viking King who was buried in his ship at Godstad. This ship was excavated in 1890 and can be seen at the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo.) Halfdan and Ragnhild's son was:

28. "HARALD THE FAIRHAIRED"was born in 850 and died in 933. For a Viking, Harald lived a long life. He died in his bed at the age of 83. At the age of 10 years he became King. Among Harald's wives were Ragnhild, for whom Harald put away nine wives in order to marry her; Gyda, who was initially responsible for his gaining the name "Fairhaired;" and also Svanhild, Ashild, and Snaefrid. With his many wives, Harald had at least 20 sons and several daughters. The wife best known from the sagas is Gyda. She refused to have Harald for a husband until he succeeded in uniting all of Norway. Harald vowed he would not cut or comb his hair until he had fulfilled Gyda's wishes. For ten years his hair remained uncut and uncombed, during which time he was called "Lufa," meaning with rough and matted hair. After Harald succeeded in uniting Norway, Earl Rangvald cut and dressed his friend's hair following a feast at More. It was Earl Rangvald who then gave him the name "Harald the Fairhaired." With his wife, Svanhild, Harald had Olaf of Viken and Bjorn the Traveler. With another wife, Ragnild, he had Erik Blood-Axe.

Ringerike. "Lift mere om Elsrud-stten: av Kjell Hallmann og Thorleif Solberg" 1983, traces the history from Harald Harfagre to Hans Olsen Rustand as follows:

29. ERIK HARALDSON BLOOD-AXE - king in Norway from 930 Co 934. He married Gunhild. daughter of king Gorm the Old from Denmark. Erik and his wicked queen tried to get control of all of Norway. He had two half-brothers killed, including Olaf (#29 Olaf Haraldson mentioned above). Erik was a great warrior and attempted to preserve the kingdom of his father by brute force, earning him the ride, "Blood-Axe". He conducted many Viking raids in Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and the Hebrides. He was killed on a plundering expedition to England in 954. His son was:

30. GUDROD ERIKSON
- King of the Isle of Man in the southern part of the Inner Hebrides. He led an expedition to Norway to win back the throne from Olav Trygvason. Gudrod was killed in battle at Viken in 999. His son was;

31. HARALD THE BLACK
- from Islay. King of Man - died in 1040. His son was:

32. GUDROD CROVAN
- died at Islay in 1095. He participated in the battle of Stanford bridge in 1066. When he came home from the battle, he made several attempts to win the throne of the Isle of Man, and finally succeeded. Gudrod became a great king at Man and acknowledged King Magnus Barefoot as his overlord. His son was:

33. OLAF GUDRODSON
- Because of his small stature he was called "Olaf Dwarf". King of Man from 1113 Co 1153. Olaf was raised in the English Court but returned to the Isle of Man in 1113. His first wife was the daughter of the Earl of Galloway, and his second wife was Ingeborg, daughter of Hakon Paalsen, Earl of the Orkney Islands. A nephew of Olaf's attacked him during a meeting and cut off his head. A son by his first wife was:

34. GUDROD OLAFSON
- died 1187. Married Finola, an Irish princess. He was sent to Norway in 1152 to pay taxes as well as to pay homage to the king. In 1153 he became King of Man. He had made many conquests during his reign, including Dublin, so he reigned now over a large kingdom. Gudrod had 3 sons of whom Reginald was the oldest, but since he was the son of a mistress, it was the youngest son, Olaf, who had the inherited right to the throne, but he was only 10 years old so Reginald (Rangvald) became king. Son:

35. REGINALD GUDRODSON
- was killed in 1228. He was a great sea king and it is said that for three years he did not sleep under a roof a single night. He had trouble with his brother, Olaf, who was married to Christina, daughter of the Earl of Ross of Scotland. Olaf came to be known as "Olaf the Black" and reigned over Lewis in the Hebrides. Reginald's son was:

36. GUDROD DON
- King of Man, until his death about 1230. His son was:

37. HARALD
- King of Man. He went to Norway in 1250 and died there in 1287. (Magnus Olafsson, son of Olaf the Black and his wife Christina of Ross, was the last King of Man who was of Norwegain family.) Harald's son was:

38. TORLIEF HARALDSSON
- who was living in 1280, and married to Princess Magnild (Maud, Matilda) who died in Norway in 1292. She was a sistcr of the king, Magnus Olafsson, who died in 1265. Their son was:

39. HALSTEIN TORLIEFSSON
- emigrated from Man in 1275 and settled in Norway, where he died in 1345. In 1292 his mother also moved to Norway and died there in 1302. Halstein used the Skancke coat of arms, which he probably got from his mother. He was a district governor in Jemtland (a province of Sweden which was part. of Norway at the time), and also served the king in Trondelag. He lived at a large farm, Egge, in Sparbu. His son was:

40. NILS HALSTEINSON - married to the rich Kristina Halvardsdatter. daughter of the judge Halvor. Halstein and Nils both used the Isle of Man coat of arms which was first used by Olaf the Black during his reign at Man from 1251 to 1265. Their son was:

41. PEDER NILSSON
- known to be living in 1410. His son was:

42. KARL PEDERSSON
- lived at the Hove farm in Jemtland ca. 1430. He had the same standing as nobility and is regarded as the progenitor of the Skancke family in Jemtland. His son was:

43. JENS KARLSSON
- known to be living in 1469; died in 1488. Owner of part of the Hov estate and also the Hillestad farm in Hackaas. His son was:

44. KARL JENSSON JAMTE (Schancke)
- pastor in Toten, later Bishop in Hamar, born in Sweden in 1460 and died in Oslo in 1512. He was persecuted and imprisoned by Prince Christian (later King Christian the llth), because he was suspected of being in alliance with a group whose purpose it was to drive the Danish lords and masters out of Norway. He tried to get away from the Bishop's stronghold in Hamar by lowering himself down from a window with the help of bedclothes, but fell and broke his leg. He managed to get away and hide in a hollow tree, but he left tracks in the snow and was found by the prince and his people with dogs, and the bishop was taken to prison in Oslo. Anxiety and poor treatment of his wounds led to his death in 1512. While he was priest in Toten, he found himself a "wife" and had a child with her. As a Catholic bishop, he was supposed to live in single celibacy, but in Norway it was considered acceptable for the bishop to live together with a woman without the benefit of marriage. When the bishop was imprisoned, he sent the woman and their children to the farthest estate in the area, "Landaasen" in Fluberg, and from there his descendants have spread themselves to many communities in Oppland, including Toten, Begnadalen, and Hedalen. One of their sons was:

45. JENS KARLSSON LANDAASEN
- the oldest son of Karl, born before 1500. One of his sons was Johannes Jensen Landaasen, probably born about 1520 -30. Another son was:

46. OLUF JENSEN HILLESTAD LANDAASEN
- married to Damoy. When Bishop Jens Nielsen made his trip of inspection in the late 1500s, he went to the Hov church in Toten and there participated in a famous wedding at the farm Hallingstad, where Sir Niels also came in contact with Oluf and Damoy. Damoy met the bishop's entourage and treated them to beer. Oluf and Damoy had a son:

47. LAURITS OLUFSEN LANDAASEN
- a rich man who owned Landaasen as well as property in Begnadalen. His oldest son, Ole, became owner of Landaasen. Another son was:

48. MONS (MOGENS) LAURITSON HVALBYE
(1605-1689). Lived in South Land. He was married twice, the second wife was named Gjertrud. With his first wife he had two daughters. Inger and Tarand. Inger and her husband lived at North Hougsrud; Tarand and her husband lived at South Hougsrud.

49. TARAND MONSDATTER HVALDBYE. She married Ole Gudbrandson Hougsrud. Their son was:

50. MONS OLSEN (born about 1669 at Sorum, Sorlandet, Buskerud, Norway). Mons married Siri Gulsdatter, daughter of Gul Olsen Stugaarden and Gunhild Jonsdatter Tollefsrud. Siri also has royal roots - her lineage traces back to Charlemagne, and such royalty as Alfred, King of England, and Charles I, King of France. Mons and Siri's son was:

51. OLE MONSON SORUM (born about 1705 Sorum, Sorlandet, Buskerud, Norway). Ole Monson Sorum married Barbro Knutsdatter Kvarteig, and their son was:

52. HANS OLSEN SORUM RUSTAND (born abt 1744, died 1807 in Rustand, Ytre Adal, Buskerud, Norway). He married Kari Olsdatter Skaranseter Storoydgarden , and their son was:

53. NILS HANSEN RUSTAND VIKER (Born 7 Jul 1792 Rustand, Ytre Ada1, Buskerud, Norway). Nils and his wife Kari Thorsdatter Viker had a son:

54. OLE NILSON VIKER (born 10 Feb 1830 Viker, Ada1, Buskerud, Norway). Ole Nilson Viker immigrated to America in 1850 and spent a few years in Wisconsin and Iowa before settling in Minnesota in 1856. He married Margit Nubsdatter Onsgaard in 1853 in Wisconsin. Ole Nilson and Margit had a daughter:

55. INGEBORG VIKER (born 16 Nov 1855 in Rock Creek, Mitchell Co., IA). Ingeborg married Ole Pederson Lunde. It is interesting to note that Ole Pederson Lunde is a also a descendant of Ole Gudbrandson Hougsrud in #49 above from his first marriage to Siri Hansdatter Vasslien. He was married second to Tarand Monsdatter Hvaldbye. So Ole Lunde & Ingeborg Viker share Ole Gudbrandson Hougsrud as a common ancestor. Ole and Ingeborg had a daughter:

56. ANNA CORNELIA LUNDE, known as CORNELIA LUNDE (born 30 March 1892 in Hayward, Freeborn Co., MN). Cornelia married Percy Brees in 1917, and they begat 6 children, 22 grandchildren, and a large number of additional descendants that keeps growing each year!