"> Blood or Marriage linked relatives of Cpl. Thomas TOLLIS
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William TOLLIS
Mary
Cpl. Thomas TOLLIS
(1777-1821)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Elizabeth ATKINSON

2. Ann

Cpl. Thomas TOLLIS

  • Born: 1777, Maidstone, Kent, England.
  • Marriage (1): Elizabeth ATKINSON in 1799 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Marriage (2): Ann on 26 May 1812 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Died: 25 Jul 1821, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia at age 44
  • Buried: 26 Jul 1821, Sandhills Cemetery, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
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bullet  General Notes:

TOLLIS, Thomas
Transferred to the New South Wales Corps on 11th August 1796 in London
1810 Jan 3 Corporal, Light Horseman. On list of persons holding civil and military employment at Sydney & settlements adjacent (Fiche 3300; 2/8332 p.2)
1815 Apr 22 Corporal of Governor's Bodyguard. Paid from the Police Fund from the date of his transfer from the 73rd to the 46th Regiment; appears as Tolhurst (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.94)
1816 Jan 1 Governor's Guard of Light Horse. On list of persons holding civil & military employments in New South Wales and its dependencies (Reel 6045; 4/1734 p.11)
1818 Sep 19 On return of horned cattle issued from the Government Herds between 8 May 1814 & 9 Jan 1819; donation for long services (Reel 6048; 4/1742 p.62)
1818 Sep 19 Corporal. Cow issued to Tollis from the Government Herd for long services (Reel 6031; 4/7028A p.135)
1821 Oct 10 Three orphan boys of Tollis' sent to the Male Orphan Institution by order of the Governor (Reel 6040; 4/400 p.34)
TOLLIS, Ann
1823 May 14 Admitted to the Female Orphan Institution on petition of Daniel Cooper (Reel 6040; 4/403 p.103)
TOLLIS, Harriet
1821 Nov 14 To be admitted to the Female Orphan Institution on petition of John Gandell (Reel 6040; 4/403 pp.80-1)
1823 Aug 14 Assigned to Mrs Wills from the Female Orphan Institution (Reel 6040; 4/403 p.106)
TOLLIS, Nathaniel William
1821 Aug 18 Admitted to the Male Orphan School; Elizabeth Fowler his parent/guardian (Fiche 3307; 4/7208 pp.5-6)
1823 Jan 8 To be admitted to the Male Orphan School (Reel 6040; 4/400 p.53)
1823 Apr Re payment of one week's board for by the Male Orphan Institution (Reel 6021; 4/7079 p.65)
TOLLIS, Samuel
1821 Aug 18 Admitted to the Male Orphan School; Elizabeth Fowler his parent/guardian (Fiche 3307; 4/7208 pp.5-6)
TOLLIS, Thomas
1821 Aug 18 Admitted to the Male Orphan School; Elizabeth Fowler his parent/guardian (Fiche 3307; 4/7208 pp.5-6)
1823 May 2 Apprenticed to the Institution (Fiche 3307; 4/7208 pp.5-6)

The first details we have of him are listed in the Army description Books 1808-1816. Thomas Tollis enlisted in the 20th Light Dragoons on the 12th January 1796, aged nineteen, at Maidstone Kent. At his death on 25th July 1821, he was said to be forty four years old. The above Description Books indicate that Thomas was born in Maidstone, Kent. Without a baptismal record for verification, we must accept this as being correct. We do have a description of Thomas, however. He was 5 foot 7 3/4 inches tall, had a small face with brown hair, dark complexion and hazel eyes. Such descriptions were used for identification in pre photography days. Why was Thomas Tollis enlisting in the Army in January 1796? The fact that he was joining the Dragoons, a cavalry regiment, suggests that Thomas was a very good horseman and enjoyed working with horses. The Description Books give his occupation as a mason, while his Discharge Papers list him as a labourer. He was probably one of the seasonally employed, sem-skilled people who drifted into the city to find employment and food. The price of a loaf of bread was certainly very expensive during the 1790s. The more unemployed people there were, the higher the enlistment figures were. Enlisted men served for life, so Thomas must have seen this as his best option at the time. The next record shows that Thomas Tollis transferred to the New South Wales Corps on 11th August 1796 in London. The formation of this specific regiment in 1789. had been made necessary by the refusal of the Royal Marines, who had accompanied the First Fleet, to supervise the convicts. Four companies had arrived by 1792, in time for their commander, Major Grose to assume control of the colony acting as Lieutenant Governor, when Phillip returned to England. It has alwys been a mystery why Thomas remained for such a short time with his original unit. Then recently the reason was discovered - he had deserted and ended up in the London Military prison, The Savoy! Desertion was very common with people enlisting for economic reasons rather than a desire to be in the army. When the Corps in New South Wales decided in 1796 that they needed two more companies it was difficult to raise the numbers because England was at war with France. So recruits were taken mainly from deserters in the military prison. Thomas' position was better than that of the convicts. At least he gained immediate freedom and absolutely nothing about his indescretion was recorded in the Description Books or his Discharge Papers. We know that Thomas Tollis after nine years with Elizabeth, was assigned a new convict housekeeper, Mrs Ann Waters, in 1807. He was about to start a second family

Thomas''s grave, it is in the Pioneer Cemetery at Botany now, having been moved from the original site. It is in the centre circle beside that of John Cadman, the harbour master, so very prominent.


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Thomas married Elizabeth ATKINSON in 1799 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. (Elizabeth ATKINSON was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland and died 1806 ? in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.)


bullet  Marriage Notes:

1 _UID C3D7473E25EBD41186CEAF4C45769145F4CC

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Thomas next married Ann on 26 May 1812 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. (Ann was born in 1789 and died on 13 Apr 1821 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.)


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