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Marleta Childs
P. O. Box 6825
LUBBOCK, TX 79493-6825

     Numerous genealogists with early roots in the Keystone State may be interested in the recent reprint of WILLIAM PENN AND THE DUTCH QUAKER MIGRATION TO PENNSYLVANIA by William I. Hull. The classic study explores the historic background of Penn's visits to Holland and Germany in the late seventeenth century. Penn's missions to those two countries touched off the large emigration of Dutch and German Quakers from Europe to his colony in the New World.

     Led by Francis Daniel Pastorius, a group of Quakers from Krefeld in Prussia settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, in 1683; other settlers arrived later from Krisheim. As Hull points out in the preface of his scholarly work, "Germantown" was, in reality, "Dutch Town." In the text, the author explains that these pioneers were geographically Germans but the Krefelders were politically subjects of William III, Prince of Orange; the Krisheimers were under the rule of the Elector Palatine. In national origin, language, and customs, the Krefelders were Netherlanders while the Krisheimers were Netherlanders and German-speaking Swiss. In Germantown, the Dutch remained in the majority until 1709, when the large influx of German immigrants began to outnumber them.

     Evidence of Dutch heredity is in the original form of the names of the first pioneers. Hull took great care to "de-Germanize" and "de-Anglicize" all names derived from a Dutch ancestry. He also shows that a few of the early Quakers came from other places, including Finland, Hungary, Silesia, Switzerland, Transylvania, and Great Britain. Some recurring surnames are DEWEES, DILBEECK, CASSEL/KASSEL, GERRITS, GRAEFF, HENDRIKS, JACOBS, JANSEN, KLINCKEN, KOESTER/KUSTER, KOLB, KUNDERS, LUYKENS, RITTINGHUYSEN, SCHUMACHER, SIEMES, STREYPERS, TEISSEN, and VANDERWERF.

     Originally published in 1935 as Swarthmore College Monographs on Quaker History, Number 2, Hull's study was completed under the auspices of the Howard M. Jenkins Research Professorship. In addition to discussing the story of Penn's relations with Quakers when he was in Europe, WILLIAM PENN AND THE DUTCH QUAKER MIGRATION TO PENNSYLVANIA follows the religious group (and, incidentally, German Quakers) to America and describes the role they performed in the early affairs of the New World colony. Family researchers descending from Quaker ancestors of Teutonic stock and individuals interested in early American Quaker history will discover much fascinating material in Hull's book.

     The 445-page paperback contains a preface, a map of Krefeld before 1692, illustrations and photographs, footnotes (many of which are annotated), a full name and subject index, and five appendices, which furnish William Penn's itineraries in Holland and Germany in the 1670s, information on the first thirty-four Dutch pioneers in Germantown in 1683, genealogical data on Dutch and German settlers in Germantown during the years 1683 - 1709, the Dutch Quaker marriage certificate of Krefled in 1681, and inscriptions on the Pastorius Monument in Krefeld, Prussia. To the book's price of $42.50, buyers should add the cost for postage and handling charges. For U. S. postal mail, the cost is $5.00 for one book or the first volume of a set and $2.50 for each additional copy or each additional volume of a set; for UPS, the cost is $7.00 for one copy and $2.50 for each additional book. As item order #2940, the volume may be purchased by check, MasterCard, or Visa from Clearfield Company, 3600 Clipper Mill Rd., Suite 260, Baltimore, Maryland 21211-1953 (for phone orders, call toll free 1-800-296-6687; fax 1-410-752-8492; website

     Perhaps the tidbit of information below, which comes from page 1, column 1 of the 2 April 1836 issue of the Niles' Weekly Register (Fourth Series, No. 5, Vol. XIV); {Vol. L, Whole No. 1,280}, published in Baltimore, will serve as a lead for locating genealogical data. (Surname capitalized for emphasis.)

     "The bill to indemnify the heirs of Mrs. Jane WHITE for losses sustained during the war-mob of eighteen hundred and twelve, has been passed, by the legislature of Maryland."

     (Editor's Note: Anyone tracing this WHITE family may want to delve into the circumstances of the mob action. Although the United States Congress declared war on Great Britain on 18 June 1812, many Americans opposed it. The most famous battle of the War of 1812 took place on 8 January 1815, when Andrew Jackson defeated the British at New Orleans. The peace treaty, however, had already been signed in December 1814.)

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