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George Kieffer

b. circa 2 May 1789, d. circa 7 April 1851
  • Research Note: Some of the following notes and events may refer to a different George Kieffer other than the George Kieffer who was born in 1789 and who died in 1851, because sometimes there were different George Kieffer's living in the same general area during the same time period.
  • Research Note: George Kieffer's parents have not been identified yet. He named his four known sons (in order of birth): Peter, Abraham, Jacob and George. It is possible that one of these names was also the name of his father, but it is not proven.
  • Birth: George Kieffer was born on or about 2 May 1789 in Pennsylvania.1
  • Event: On 1 April 1804 a George Kieffer was confirmed at the Friedensville Lutheran and Reformed Church, Upper Saucon Township, Northampton (later Lehigh) County, and this is the only record of any Kieffer being confirmed at the church. Elisabeth Fink, future wife of George Kieffer, had been confirmed at this same church in 1795. Also, three of their children were later baptized at this church before George and Elisabeth moved to Northumberland County. The Friedensville Church is located just a few miles from Salisbury Township where Elizabeth Fink lived prior to her marriage to George Kieffer, and George and Elizabeth Kieffer lived in Salisbury Township prior to their move to Northumberland County.2
  • Marriage: George Kieffer married Elisabeth Fink about 1808, possibly in the area of Northampton County, Pennsylvania.3,4,5
  • Event: The 1808 and 1809 tax lists of Northampton County, Pennsylvania listed just one George Kieffer, and he was in Lehigh Township. He was taxed 16 cents both years.6
  • Child Baptism: On 4 June 1809 George and Elizabeth Kiefer baptized their daughter Lydia at the Friedensville Lutheran and Reformed Church in Upper Saucon Township, Northampton (now Lehigh) County, Pennsylvania. The baptism record listed Lydia's date of birth as 3 May 1809, her parents as George and Elizabeth Kieffer and the sponsors as Jacob and Anna Maria Herlacher.7
  • Child Baptism: On 17 June 1810 George and Elizabeth Kieffer baptized their son Peter at the Friedensville Lutheran and Reformed Church, Upper Saucon Township, Northampton (now Lehigh) County, Pennsylvania. The baptism record listed the child's birth date as 17 May 1810 and the sponsors as Peter and Magdalena Finck.8
  • Census: The 1810 United States census listed only one George Kieffer (or similar sounding surname) in Northampton County, Pennsylvania.9 The household of George "Keiffer" in Lehigh Township consisted of:
    1. 1 free white male under age 10
    2. 1 free white male age 26-45
    3. 1 free white female under age 10
    4. 1 free white female age 16-26.10,10
  • Geographic: In 1812 Lehigh County, Pennsylvania was formed from part of Northampton County and the following townships which were previously in Northampton County became part of Lehigh County: Upper Saucon, Hanover, Salisbury, Lowhill, Upper Milford, Lynn, South Whitehall, Upper Macungie, Weisenberg.
  • Child Baptism: On 8 August 1813 George and Elizabeth Kieffer baptized their son Jacob at the Friedensville Lutheran and Reformed Church, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. The baptism record listed the child's birth date as 10 June 1813, and the sponsors as Jacob and Elizabeth Kneply.11
  • Research Note: Records indicate that George and Elisabeth Kieffer were close to the Knepply family of Upper Saucon Township. Peter Knepply was an early settler and land owner in Upper Saucon Township, and some of Peter Knepply's children were baptized at St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed Congregation in Upper Saucon Township. Peter Knepply died in Upper Saucon Township about 1795 and left a family of five boys and two girls. At the time of his death, he owned three tracts of land totaling one hundred and twenty seven acres in Upper Saucon Township and an eighteen acre tract in Salisbury Township. Peter Knepply's son Jacob (born about 1782) sponsored the baptism of George Kieffer's son Jacob in 1813 at the Frieden's Church in Upper Saucon Township. The 1813 and 1814 tax records indicated that George Kieffer was living on an eighteen acre tract in Salisbury Township, and this possibly was the same eighteen acre tract that Peter Knepply owned at the time of his death. It is also interesting to note that the 1850 United States census listed the occupation of Jacob Knepply as tailor, and it listed the occupation of Abraham Kieffer, son of George and Elisabeth Kieffer, as weaver.
  • Event: On 30 October 1813, a "Georg Kiefer" was included on a list of communicants of the Friedensville Lutheran and Reformed Church, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania.12
  • Event: On 23 January 1815 the will of Peter Fink of Salisbury Township, dated 14 December 1814, was proven in Lehigh County and it mentioned George Kieffer and wife Elizabeth (Fink) Kieffer: "I give and bequeath unto George Kiefer, married to my eldest daughter Elisabeth, the interest of the share and portion which will become due to my said daughter Elisabeth from out of my estate, as long as they remain in the matrimonial state and live together, as man and wife, but in case my said daughter Elisabeth should be taken off with death before her said husband then and in that case the said interest shall cease and be null and void and shall be retained for their children untill they arrive at their lawfull ages . . . touching the remainder of my estate it is my will that the same shall be divided into equal shares among my children being nine in number . . . the share of my daughter Elisabeth of which she, as her husband draws the interest as above specified, is retained and kept for their children by my executors and paid unto them as soon as they arrive at their lawfull age."4
  • Moved: Circa 1815 George Kieffer moved to in Turbut Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania; About 1815 George and Elisabeth Kieffer moved from Salisbury Township, Lehigh County to Turbut Township, Northumberland County. Elisabeth Kieffer's brother Jacob Fink moved there about the same time, and the move probably took place shortly after the death of Elisabeth's father, Peter Fink, in Salisbury Township.4
  • Child Baptism: On 10 October 1819 George and Elizabeth Kieffer baptized their son "Johaniorg" (George) Kieffer at Follmer Evangelical Lutheran Church, Turbut Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. The baptism record listed the child's birth date as 27 September 1819.13
  • Purchased Land: On 13 January 1820 a George Kieffer paid $160 to John Shannon and wife Martha, of Turbot Township, for a tract of land in Turbut Township containing 1 acre and 26 perches. The deed described the land as " . . . Beginning at a post, thence by lands of Robert & Alexander Koan North eight degrees East fourteen perches to a post thence by lands of John (Clop?) North twelve degrees West twenty Seven perches to a post from thence on the East side of the public road, leading from the Potash road General (Griffins?) by lands of the said Shannon south thirteen degrees West twenty six & a half perches to the place of beginning containing one acre & twenty six perches . . . ". Saml. Barr and Anthony Eshbach witnessed the deed.14
  • Census: The 1820 United States census listed a George "Keiffer" in Turbut Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. His household consisted of:
    1. 3 males under age 10
    2. 1 male age 10-16
    3. 1 male age 26-45
    4. 2 females under age 10
    5. 1 female age 10-16
    6. 1 female age 26-45
    7. 1 person in the household involved in manufacturing.15
  • Event: In 1823 a George Kieffer was involved in a legal dispute with Jacob Manges in Northumberland County. The court record indicates that on 10 March 1823 George Kieffer voluntarily appeared in court and "confessed judgement" for a $99.03 judgement ordered against him by the court. On 7 April 1823 the court record noted "Execution issud to Reador Const [constable] of Turbut." On 14 April 1823 the court record indicated "Execution Returned no property to be found so says Reador Constable." The court record included no other details or information about this case.16
  • Event: On 26 August 1828 the Northumberland County Court issued a summons for a George Keffer to appear in court to answer the charges of slander brought against him by Alexander Roan and wife Margery Roan. The court record stated:
    "Margery Roan vs Geoge Keffer
    In the Court of Northumberland County for slanderous words of the said Keffer against the said Margery Roan
    December 26th 1828
    George Keffer defendant in the above suit declared in the presence of us whose names are hereunto subscribed: that he has wronged the said Margery Roan in the reports he reported against her they being untrue: the said George Keffer agrees to pay what cost is on the above mentioned suit on or before the first day of the next court to be held in Sunbury on the third Monday of Jan. 1829
    [Signature] George Kiffer
    Acknowledged and signed in presence of us
    John Fulkerson
    Saml. Barr
    Willian H. (Parkisan?)"
    This court file contains no other documents or records about the case.17
  • Census: The 1830 United States census listed two George Kieffer households in Turbut Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. The George Kieffer household listed on page 134 appears to be the household of George Kieffer who was married to Elisabeth Fink, because the makeup of the household is more consistent with the information which is known about his family:
    George Kieffer household, page 134:
    1. 1 free white male age 10-15
    2. 2 free white males age 15-20
    3. 1 free white male age 40-50
    4. 1 free white female age 5-10
    5. 1 free white female age 10-15
    6. 1 free white female age 50-60
    George Keffer household on page 124:
    1. 1 free white male under age 5
    2. 2 free white males age 5-10
    3. 1 free white male age 30-40
    4. 1 free white female age 20-30.18
  • Event: On 1 March 1830 John Best, executor of Michael Fink's will, submitted an account of Peter Fink's estate to the court in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. The account listed payments to the heirs of Peter Fink deceased, and it included four different payments totaling $343.17 to heir George Kieffer. One of the four payments was for $76.20 from a judgment of Michael Fink. The account did not mention George Kieffer's wife, Elisabeth/Maria Elisabeth (Fink) Kieffer.19
  • Event: According to the obituary of his son Jacob, about 1833 George and Elizabeth Kieffer and their son Jacob came to Niagara County, New York, where Jacob settled near Lockport. It is interesting to note that this possible move took place about the same time that George Kieffer was possibly having legal problems in Northumberland County, and there might be a relationship between the legal problems and the move. If Jacob's obituary is correct, and George and Elizabeth went to Niagara County with their son Jacob, they probably did not stay there long, as this writer has been unable to locate any records for them in Niagara County. Records indicate that shortly after 1833 they were back in Northumberland Courty (if they even left at all). They were there at least by the time of the 1840 census. It is possible that they went to Niagara County with their son Jacob but only stayed there a short time and then returned to Pennsylvania. However, it is also possible that Jacob Kieffer's obituary is incorrect, and his parents, George and Elizabeth (Fink) Kieffer, never went to Niagara County at all.20
  • Event: In 1833 in Northumberland County Jacob Hitzel sued a George Keffer for an unpaid note of $39.33, and on 12 March 1833 George Keffer "amicably appeared" in court and "confessed judgment" on the note. The court then ordered Constable Riddell to execute the judgment. On 19 March 1833 Constable Riddell returned the judgment to the court and noted that no personal property could be found. The court file of this case listed no further details about the incident.21
  • Event: On 19 March 1833 the Northumberland County Court issued a summons to a George Keffer to appear on 26 March 1833 to respond to a suit brought by "Watson and Vincent" who wished to collect $34.63 on a an upaid note from George Keffer dated 12 March 1833 and due the following day. On 26 March 1833 George Keffer failed to appear in court and the court issued a default judgment against him for the overdue note. The court then ordered Constable Riddell to execute the judgment. On 5 April 1833 Constable Riddle returned the judgment to the court and noted "no personal property to be found".22
  • Event: On 28 November 1833 in Northumberland County the court heard the case of Dr. Tobias Piper versus George Keffer and Mathew Graham. The court record stated "November 28th 1833 Judgment for Plaintiff for Fifty five Dollars and seventynine $55.79 amount of a judgment note dated 27th instant payable one Day after date". The file for this case does not include a reason for the judgement, which was signed by Justice Sam. Barr "at Turbut Township."23
  • Event: On 28 January 1834 the Northumberland County court sent a summons for a George Keffer to appear in court to answer a suit by Henry Reader, who was trying to collect payment on two overdue notes. The first note, dated 17 September 1833, was from George Keffer to Henry Reader in the amount of $30.00, and it had been due on 27 September 1833. The second note, dated 8 May 1832, was from George Keffer to George Karn, but it had been signed over to Henry Reader. On 4 February 1834 George Keffer failed to show up in court to answer the charges, and the court ordered a default judgment against him for both overdue notes. On February 25 the court ordered Constable Riddle to serve the judgment, and on 4 March 1834 Constable Riddle returned the judgment to the court and noted "no personal property to be found."24
  • Event: By the late 1830's three of George Kieffer's sons had moved from Northumberland County. Son Jacob was in Niagara County, New York, and he married there on 2 February 1837. Son Peter moved to Wayne County, Ohio, and he married there on 25 June 1838. Son George moved to Wayne County, Ohio, about 1839, and he married there on 16 September 1841. A biographical sketch of son George indicated that he arrived in Wayne County "a poor man, empty handed."25,26,27,28
  • Purchased Land: On 1 January 1837, for thirty-five dollars, George Kieffer of Turbut Township bought five acres of land in Turbut Township from Daniel Webb and his wife Hannah C. of Muncy Creek Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. The deed described the land as "Beginning at a post thence South Sixty eight degrees west forty three perches to to a post thence by the remainder of Said tract of land of Daniel Webb North twenty degrees East fifty perches to a pass Thence by the same South Thirty Six and one half degrees East Thirty eight and fourtenths perches to a post the place of Beginning Containing five acres strict."29
  • Research Note: Although the exact location of this land has not been determined, it was possibly on or near the border of Lycoming County and Northumberland County since the seller of the land lived in Lycoming County. Muncy Township, Lycoming County borders the northern border of Northumberland County. When the land was purchased in 1837, Muncy Township in Lycoming County bordered Turbot Township in Northumberland County. However, in 1843 Delaware Township and Lewis Township were formed from the northern part of Turbot Township, and their northern borders then became the border with Muncy Township, Lycoming County. Northumberland County records connect George Kieffer with both Delaware and Lewis Townships.
  • Event: On 18 May 1837 in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, John J. Krause signed a deed of trust reference two land purchases (totaling about 33 acres), which he had recently made on behalf of the heirs of George Kieffer and Elisabeth Fink. The deed of trust noted that John J. Krause had purchased the land with money which had come into his hands from the Lehigh County will of Peter Fink (dated 14 December 1814; proven 23 January 1815), father of Elisabeth, who was the wife of George Kieffer. The deed of trust also indicated that the money for the land purchases belonged to the heirs of George Kieffer and Elisabeth Fink, the land purchases had been made on their behalf, and the land was being held in trust for their use. The deed of trust described the two land purchases as:
    Tract 1:
    1. From: Thomas Savidge and wife Nancy of Turbut Township
    2. To: John J. Krause
    3. Date: 30 April 1836
    4. Cost: $60
    5. Location: Turbut Township
    6. Acres: 8 acres more or less
    7. Description: bordering lands of Joseph Hutchison, Daniel Hill and others (not named); "being part of a larger tract which Henry Graham Esq. and Hannah his wife of Deeds dated August the 25th 1830 and March the 24th 1836 conveyed for Thomas Savidge and his heirs forever"
    Tract 2:
    1. From: Thomas Savidge and wife Nancy of Turbut Township
    2. To: John J. Krause
    3. Date: 30 April 1836
    4. Cost: $187.50
    5. Location: Turbut Township
    6. Acres: 25 and 1 perch
    7. Description: "part of larger tract of land, which John Wendel and George Doctor by their deed dated the 23rd day of June A.D. 1834, conveyed to Thomas Savidge"; no further description.30
  • Event: On 6 June 1837 the Northumberland County Court issued a summons to George Keffer to appear in court and answer a suit brought by Charles Howel who wished to collect $2.75 from a note dated 19 November 1836. On 13 June 1837 George Keffer failed to appear in court, and the court issued a default judgment against him for the overdue note. On 15 July 1843 Constable S. Guffy returned the judgment to the court with a note "no goods." Constable Guffy's note on the judgment indicating "no goods" is dated about six years after the court issued the judgment, and it may or may not accurately reflect the date Constable Guffy's note was returned to the court.31
  • Event: On 25 April 1838 George Doctor Jr. of Muncy Township, Lycoming County sold two tracts of land in Turbut Township, Northumberland County to Henry Frick, James Hepburn and Joseph R. Priestley, all of Northumberland County. The deed indicated that one tract of about 107 acres bordered the lands of David Shannon, David McGuire, James Allison and John McKinney, and the other tract of about 80 acres bordered the lands of George Kieffer, David McGuire and Henry Hill.32
  • Event: On 22 January 1839 the Northumberland County Court issued a summons for George Keffer to appear on 29 January 1839 to answer a suit against him by John Vincent Esquire who wished to collect "on Book account to the amount of $11.75." On 29 January 1839 George Keffer failed to appear and the court issued a default judgment against him. The constable returned the judgment on 19 March "by consent of Plaintiff."33
  • Event: On 29 January 1839 the Northumberland County Court heard the case of John Vincent Esquire versus George Keffer and Henry Reader. George Keffer and Henry Reader failed to appear in court and the court issued a default judgment against them for a $25 note dated 27 June 1838, which had been due two months later. The judgment was later returned to the court "by consent of Plaintiff."34
  • Census: The 1840 United States census indicated that the household of George Keffer in Turbut Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, consisted of:
    1. 1 free white male age 40-50
    2. 1 free white female age 60-70.35
  • Geographic: In 1843 Delaware Township and Lewis Township were created from the northern part of Turbut Township. Lewis and Delaware became the most northern townships in Northumberland County, and they bordered Muncy Township, Lycoming County.
  • Event: On 27 February 1844, George Kieffer's wife, Elizabeth (Fink) Kieffer, died and was buried in the Lutheran and Reformed Church Cemetery, Turbotville, Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.36
  • Event: Sometime after the death of his first wife, Elizabeth (Fink) Kieffer, George Kieffer married Sarah Stahl, daughter of Isaac Stahl of Delaware Township, Northumberland County.37
  • Marriage: George Kieffer married Sarah A. Stahl circa 1845 in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.3,38,39
  • Event: Shortly before 10 January 1846, Isaac Stahl of Delaware Township and father of George Kieffer's wife, Sarah (Stahl) Kieffer, died, because on that date the Northumberland County Court appointed John Gibson administrator of Isaac Stahl's estate.40
  • Event: On 8 January 1850 in Northumberland County, three people, all of Northumberland County, gave power of attorney to George Wycoff to sell "thirty acres or there abouts" in Delaware Township. The agreement described the land as adjoining the property of Henry Kriner, John McKinney and "others" (not named). It was signed by Elisabeth (her x mark) Kline, George Keffer and Sarah (her x mark) Keffer. The deed listed the three sellers as:
    1. Elizabeth Kline, widow of Isaac Stahl
    2. Sarah Keffer, late Sarah Stahl, daughter of Isaac Stahl and husband George Keffer
    3. Robert Stahl.37
  • Census: The 1850 United States census listed George and Sarah (Stahl) Kieffer in Delaware Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, next to the families of Charles Stroh and Abraham Kieffer. The census indicated that everyone in the three families was born in Pennsylvania, and the three families consisted of:
    Dwelling 77, family 79:
    1. George "Keffer," age 60, farmer, real estate value $500
    2. Sarah A. Keffer, age 23
    3. Susan A. Keffer, age 4
    4. Nancy Keffer, age 3
    5. Isaac Keffer, age 1
    Dwelling 78, family 80:
    1. Charles Stroh, age 36, blacksmith, real estate value $400
    2. Cathrine Stroh, age 31
    3. George Lilly, age 6
    Dwelling 79, family 81:
    1. Abraham "Keffer," age 39, weaver, real estate value $400
    2. Jane Keffer, age 41
    3. Mary E. Keffer, age 18
    4. Margaret A. Keffer, age 14
    5. David M. Keffer, age 3.39
  • Agriculture Schedule: The agriculture schedule of the 1850 United States census of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, listed George Kieffer in Delaware Township as the owner or agent of a farm valued at $500 consisting of 15 improved and 17 unimproved acres. The farm had 1 horse, 1 cow, 1 pig and 4 sheep. During the previous year the farm had produced 75 bushels of wheat, 25 bushels of rye, 30 bushels of Indian corn, 50 bushels of oats, 20 pounds of wool, 15 bushels of Irish potatoes, 144 pounds of butter, and 8 tons of hay. The farm had also produced $50 worth of "homemade manufactures."41
  • Death: George Kieffer died on 6 or 7 April 1851 in Delaware Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.42
  • Burial: George Kieffer was buried in the Lutheran and Reformed Church Cemetery, Turbotville, Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.36
  • Gravestone: George Kieffer's gravestone is adjacent to the gravestone of his first wife, Mary E. Kieffer (Maria Elizabeth Fink). Their gravestones indicate:
    1. George Kieffer died April 7, 1851 aged 61y 11m 5 d.
    2. Mary E. Kieffer died Feb. 27, 1844 aged 63 yrs. 8 mo.36
  • Obituary: On 19 April 1851 The Sunbury American in Northumberland County published George Keefer's death notice: "Died. In Delaware township, on the 6th inst., Mr. GEORGE KEEFER, in the 63rd year of his age." This death date is one day earlier than the death date which is inscribed on his gravestone.43
  • Event: Sometime between 1851 and 1855 George Kieffer's widow, Sarah (Stahl) Kieffer, married Jacob Jarrett, and she and Jacob had a daughter, Mary J. Jarrett, who was born about 1855. Jacob J. Jarrett died in 1858, and he was buried in the Turbotville Lutheran and Reformed Cemetery. The 1860 United States census listed Sarah Jarrett in Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. She probably died in 1863 according to her Northumberland County estate records.44,45

Family 1:

Elisabeth Fink b. c 13 Jun 1779, d. 27 Feb 1844

Children:

Lydia Kieffer+7 b. 3 May 1809, d. 14 Jan 1883
Peter Keefer+8 b. 17 May 1810, d. 10 Nov 1881
Jacob Kieffer+11 b. 18 Jun 1813, d. 1 Jun 1894
George Keefer+13 b. 27 Sep 1819, d. 22 Jun 1896

Family 2:

Sarah A. Stahl b. c 1827, d. 1863

Children:

Samuel Isaac Keefer+39 b. 1 Oct 1848, d. 16 Mar 1894

Citations:

  1. 1850 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Delaware Township, p. 11 (penned), p. 6-A (stamped), dwelling 77, family 79, George Keffer household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 December 2010; citing NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 804. Turbotville Lutheran and Reformed Cemetery (Turbotville, Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania; Church Street at King Street), George Kieffer gravestone; read by Craig Kieffer (Bethesda, Maryland), 17 January 2000.
  2. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church (Friedensbille, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania), Book 1, p. 70; FHL microfilm 21332. The source is a microfilm copy of the original church register, in German, which was microfilmed in 1949 at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Mount Airy, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  3. Marriage date and/or marriage place very approximate based on the birth date and/or birth place of the first known child.
  4. Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, estate file no. 84, Peter Fink (1815), will of Peter Fink (proven 23 January 1815); copy (from microfilm) provided by Lehigh County Register of Wills Office, Allentown, to Craig Kieffer, Bethesda, Maryland.
  5. Marriage place possible based on residence of one or both parties at time of marriage and/or birthplaces of the children.
  6. Northampton County, Pennsylvania tax lists, 1792-1812; Northampton County Archives, Easton, Pennsylvania.
  7. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church (Friedensbille, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania), Book 1, p. 27.
  8. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church (Friedensbille, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania), Book 1, p. 30.
  9. "1810 United States Federal Census," database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010. A search was conducted for all Kieffer surnames, including soundex variations, in Northampton County, Pennsylvania.
  10. 1810 U.S. census, Northampton County, Pennsylvania, Lehigh Township, p. 77 (stamped), column 1, line 33, George Keiffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication 252, roll 52.
  11. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church (Friedensbille, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania), Book 1, p. 35.
  12. Clarence K. Beckel, ed., Church Records of the Friedensville Reformed and Lutheran Congregations in Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, 1793-1912, vol. 2 (Bethlehem, Pa.: n.p., 1937), 252.
  13. Management Systems Corporation, "Follmer's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Turbot Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Births or Christenings (1801-1976)" (Salt Lake City: The Genealogical Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Inc., 1975), 13; FHL microfilm 933990, item 13. The source is a computer printout of church records.
  14. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deed Book X, pp. 83-84, John Shannon and wife Martha to George Kieffer, 1820; Recorder of Deeds Office, Northumberland County Courthouse, Sunbury.
  15. 1820 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Turbut Township, p. 70 (penned), line 34, George Keiffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M33, roll 107.
  16. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Common Pleas Files, file no. 12, page 232, Jacob Manges versus George Kieffer, August 1823; Prothonotary Office, Northumberland County Courthouse, Sunbury.
  17. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 25, Alexander and wife Marjery Roan versus George Keffer, November 1828.
  18. 1830 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Turbut Township, p. 124 (penned), line 7, George Keffer, and p. 134, line 19, George Keffer; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M19, roll 147.
  19. Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, estate file no. 925, Peter Fink, 1829, account of Michael Fink tendered by John Best, 1 March 1830; copy (from microfilm) provided by Lehigh County Register of Wills Office, Allentown, to Craig Kieffer, Bethesda, Maryland.
  20. Jacob Kieffer obituary, unknown newspaper, Kieffer family file, Office of the Niagara County Historian, 139 Niagara Street, Lockport, New York. The date 6 June 1894 is handwritten across the obituary which has been cut out from an unknown newspaper.
  21. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 92, Jacob Hitzel versus George Keffer, January 1833.
  22. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 113, January term 1833.
  23. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 47, Dr. Tobias Piper versus George Keffer and Mathew Graham, November 1833.
  24. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 65, Henry Reader versus George Keffer, January 1834.
  25. Jacob Kieffer and Esther (Shaeffer) Kieffer Bible pages (four pages), original held in 2007 by Craig Kieffer, 5409 Wehawken Road, Bethesda, Maryland. The pages appear to have been removed possibly from an unknown Bible and contain the hand-written family information (births, marriages and deaths) of Jacob Kieffer (1813-1894) and Esther Schaeffer (1819-1898) and their children, of Lockport, Niagara County, New York. The identity of the person who wrote the information on the pages is unknown. The pages are old and brittle, but the handwriting on the pages is clear and easy to read. The original ownership of the pages is unknown. The writing in the pages appears to be in a least two different hands. The Bible pages were passed from Rachel (Spitler) Kieffer to her grandson, Craig Kieffer.
  26. Esther J. Strock, Wayne County, Ohio Marriage Index, 1813-1898 (Wooster, Ohio: Wayne County Genealogical Society, 1997), 132.
  27. Wayne County, Ohio Marriage Book 382; Probate Office, Wayne County Courthouse, Wooster, Ohio.
  28. Brant and Fuller, History of Huntington County, Indiana (Chicago: Brant and Fuller, 1887), 666-667.
  29. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Deed Book AA:170-171, Daniel Webb and wife Hannah to George Kieffer, 1837.
  30. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deed Book GG:337-338, John J. Krause, deed of trust (18 May 1837); Recorder's Office, Sunbury.
  31. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 145, Charles Howel versus George Kieffer, April 1851.
  32. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Deed Book EE, pp. 424-426, George Doctor Jr. to Henry Frick, James Hepburn and Joseph R. Priestley, 1838.
  33. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 241, John Vincent versus George Keffer, January 1839.
  34. Northumberland Co., Pa., Common Pleas Files, file no. 98, John Vincent versus George Keffer and Henry Reader, November 1839.
  35. 1840 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Turbut Township, p. 112, line 3, George Keffer; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M704, roll 475.
  36. Turbotville Lutheran and Reformed Cemetery (Turbotville, Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania; Church Street at King Street), George Kieffer and Mary E. Kieffer gravestones; read by Craig Kieffer (Bethesda, Maryland), 17 January 2000.
  37. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Deed Book GG:491-492, Elizabeth Kline, Sarah Keffer, and Robert Stahl, power of attorney to George Wycoff, 1850.
  38. Marriage place probable based on residence of bride and/or groom at time of marriage.
  39. 1850 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Delaware Township, p. 11 (penned), p. 6-A (stamped), dwellings 77, 78, 79, families 79, 80, 81, George Keffer, Charles Stroh, Abraham Keffer households; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 December 2010; citing NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 804.
  40. Northumberland County Will Book 4:21, Isaac Stahl, 1846, Register of Wills Office, Northumberland County Courthouse, Sunbury, Pennsylvania.
  41. 1850 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, agriculture schedule, Delaware Township, p. 129, line 8, George Keffer; NARA microfilm publication T1138, roll 7; National Archives, Washington, DC.
  42. Turbotville Lutheran and Reformed Cemetery (Turbotville, Lewis Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania; Church Street at King Street), George Kieffer and Mary E. Kieffer gravestones; read by Craig Kieffer (Bethesda, Maryland), 17 January 2000. Also, George Keefer obituary, Sunbury American, Sunbury, Pennsylvania, 19 April 1851, p. 2. The obituary indicates a death date of 6 April 1851, but the gravestone indicates a death date of 7 April 1851.
  43. George Keefer obituary, Sunbury American, Sunbury, Pennsylvania, 19 April 1851, p. 2.
  44. 1860 U.S. census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Lewis Township, p. 129 (penned), p. 268-A (stamped), dwelling 905, family 894, Sarah Jarrett household; digital image, Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 December 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M653, roll 1149.
  45. Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Sarah Jarrett estate, 1863; examined in October 2000 by Joan Keefer (Huntington, Indiana); research notes shared with Craig Kieffer (Bethesda, Maryland).
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