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Ephraim Sears - Diary 1864



January 1, 1864

Friday I.
On duty at Memphis at QM Writes guarding corrall.

Saturday 2.
In town on Main St.

Sunday 3.
Still in town. Have got marching orders to leave.

Monday 4.
Still in town, plenty of fun.

Tuesday 5.
Out on a scout in town.

Wednesday 6.
Still in town.

Thursday 7.
Relieved from duty. at Qr Master Writes.

Friday 8.
Still in town, fixing to go to the fort.

Saturday 9.
Went to Fort Pickern for transportation.

Sunday 10.
Waiting for transportation. In the fort.

Monday 11.
In camp, expecting pay.

Tuesday 12.
No pay yet.

Wednesday 13.
Still in camp, have new recruits come in camp.

Thursday 14.
In Fort Pickern.

Friday 15 & Saturday 16.
No entries.

Sunday 17.
Still in camp.

Monday 18.
No entry.

Tuesday 19.
Still in camp.

Wednesday 20 & Thursday 21.
No entries.

Friday 22.
More new recruits.

Saturday 23.
No entry.

Sunday 24.
Still expecting pay.

Monday 25.
All out on the river.

Tuesday 26.
Still in camp.

Wednesday 27.
There isn't nothing going on worth note.

Thursday 28.
Left Memphis for my regiment.

Friday 29.
Sailing up the river.

Saturday 30.
Landed at Cairo and went to the Soldier's home.

Sunday 31.
At Soldier's home.


February 1, 1864.
Monday.
Left Cairo and run to Oaden and stayed over night

Tuesday 2:
Got on the cars and run to New Alton and got on a ferry boat and crossed the river to Lewisville and stayed in the barrack

Wednesday 3.
Got on the cars and run to Nashville and stayed in the barrack.

Thursday 4.
Got on the cars and run to Stevenson.

Friday 5.
In the convalescent camp.

Saturday 6.
Started to my regiment at Huntsville and landed at my regiment at 4 o'clock p.m.

Sunday 7.
In camp at Memphis.

Monday 8.
On duty

Tuesday 9.
In camp at Huntsville.

Wednesday 10.
Forageing.

Thursday 11.
Fixing a cook house.

Friday 12
Still in camp.

Saturday 13.
On duty forageing.

Sunday 14.
In camp.

Monday 15.
On duty.

Tuesday 16.
In camp.

Wednesday 17.
No entry.

Thursday 18.
On duty.

Friday 19.
In camp.

Saturday 20.
Started forageing & relieved.

Sunday 21.
In camp, had preaching.

Monday 22.
On an escort baring a brigade. Surgent of the 31st. Ohio. there was 40 men from 80th cvg.

Tuesday 23.
In camp until night and dark we went to negro she-bang and had a little fun.

Wednesday 24.
In camp, the verterans got pay.

Thursday 25.
On duty.

Friday 26.
In camp.

Saturday 27.
In camp.

Sunday 28
On duty but got relieved.

Monday 29.
In camp, I had a little skirmish with John Cook.

March 1, 1864.
Tuesday.
In camp, it is raining.

Wednesday 2.
No entry.

Thursday 3.
Still in camp.

Friday 4.
Still in camp.

Saturday 5.
At a horse race.

Sunday 6.
Sunday at preaching.

Monday 7.
On duty.

Tuesday 8.
Relieved from duty.

Wednesday 9.
In camp and went out among them at night.

Thursday 10.
In camp, it rained.

Friday 11.
In town to-day.

Saturday 12.
Went to a horse race in the afternoon.

Sunday 13.
Went to town to church.

Monday 14.
In camp, great excitement about going home.

Tuesday 15.
On duty.

Wednesday 16.
Relieved from duty in camp nothing of note.

Thursday 17.
Still in camp, in town in the afternoon.

Friday 18.
Nothing of note to-day, all quiet here.

Saturday 19.
Another horse race, great excitement.

Sunday 20.
In camp all the forenoon the afternoon some of the boys went to church, expecting an attack tonight.

Monday 21.
On duty to-day. The rebels didn't come up last night it was best for them not to.

Tuesday 22.
On guard, it rained a little tonight.

Wednesday 23.
Relieved from picket.

Thursday 24.
In camp today.

Friday 25.
Went to town today.

Saturday 26.
Commenced raining today.

Sunday 27.
I got a letter form Maggie Hoffman, a girl I never seen, it was a religious one.

Monday 28.
I answered Maggie's letter tonight.

Tuesday 29.
The weather is quite cold to-day.

Wednesday 20.
On picket.

Thursday 31.
Relieved from picket. The verterans signed the pay rolls. Talk of the verterans going home Saturday. I put my name down to go home.

April 1, 1864 Friday.
Left Huntsville to go home, laid in the station house.

Saturday 2.
Fixing to go home. Started at five 0'clock, went to Nashville.

Sunday 3.
Left Nashville at 4 o'clock in the morning.

Monday 4.
Went from Depot to Taylors barn on duty.

Tuesday 5.
Left Lewisville and crossed the river, got on the cars and run to Lemore, changed car and landed at Cincinnatti at 8 o'clock in the morning.

Wednesday 6.
Left Cincinnattie at 2 o'clock in the afternoon for Columbus, landed about 9 o'clock in the evening stayed in the State house all night.

Thursday 7.
Went to the barracks out in town. We had a lot of fun in Columbus.

Friday 8.
We got furlows, most of the boys started for home. I left the Q & C train, got to Cambridge at 6 o'clock.

Saturday 9.
Left Cambridge for home, got to Mr. Browns about 2 o'clock, stayed all night.

Sunday 10.
We went to Cincinnnatti to preaching, got back about 2 o'clock, stayed all night.

Monday 11.
In Salem until noon, in the afternoon I went out in the country, stayed at the McCartneys all night.

Tuesday 12.
At McCartneys until noon, the afternoon the girls and I went over to Jane Patterson.

Wednesday 13.
At Jane Pattersons all night, left Jane's for home, stoppped at Smiths until after dinner. Started for home at 2 p.m.

Thursday 14.
I went to Liberty to-day. i went out tonight sporting, everything O.K.

Friday 15.
William Blazer had a sale today. I was to it and seen Thamus Stewart and was with him. I got a dispatch from the regiment today.

Saturday 16.
At home all day, felt a little sleepy. I was up last night until morning. All quiet in the Potomac. Everything all O.K

Sunday 17.
I was in town all day but I had a heap of fun in the evening.

Monday 18.
I went to Cambridge. I got back a little after dark. I took a boot case up for the Druggist Oger.

Tuesday 19.
I went out in the country to McCartneys in the evening Catherine, Jane Beard, Jane Patterson, Cliff McCartney and I came down town in the evening.

Wednesday 20.
In Salem, father is making a coffin. I am going to Liberty tonight to a ball. I will tell you how I made it tomorrow.

Thursday 21.
I got home from the ball this morning. I went with a coffin to D. Bell. I fastened the lid on it. I put some cayens pepper in Mose Millers nose to make him sneeze. Went down home with Orr.

Friday 22.
Fetched some ewes and lambs from Thomas Orr's. It is raining this afternoon. I am going out to Henry McCartney's tonight to have some fun. 3 couples set up.

Saturday 23.
I was at a party last night at McCartney's. We had a heap of fun, there was 7 couples of boys and girls. I was at McCartney's until noon today, carrying on as usual. Went down home.

Sunday 24.
In Salem today. This is a pleasant day here. Everything is quiet here. I went out among them sparking.

Monday 25.
Just got home from duty. I went to Liberty to see the home cowards drill. We took a ride, got home about 4 o'clock this evening. All right on the gvs. if he don't throw me off.

Tuesday 26.
In town, nothing of note.

Wednesday 27.
Went to supper at Liberty we had a lot of fun. Went with a girl, stayed until morning.

Thursday 28.
In town, John Leepers house got a fire and burned down. I went to Liberty to a singing. I had a good time of it. A.K Broom and I sit up until the next morning.

Friday 29.
Just got home from a sparking expedition. It is now 6 o'clock in the A.M. The sacrament commenced today in Salem. I feel quite sleepy tonight I was invited to a party today.

Saturday 30.
I am in Salem today. Everything is all right. There is preaching in Salem. It is raining today. Went out tonight on a sparking expedition in town.

May 1, 1864 Sunday.
I was in Salem all day. Had some fun in the afternoon.

Monday 2.
I went to reaching in the forenoon. In the afternoon Mary A. Bell, Calisty Mccartney, Jane Patterson and I went to school. We had a lot of fun out on a scout at night.

Tuesday 3.
In town today until 4 P.M. I started to raven landing at a spree. I got there about 6 o'clock, we had a good time. The spree broke up about 1 o'clock in the morning, there was 3 couples sit up, I among the rest.

Wednesday 4.
I got home at 6 o'clock in the morning. I have been in Salem all day. I have been sleeping most of the day, this has been a pretty day here. Everything is quiet in Salem to-day.

Thursday 5.
In town until the afternoon. I went to Henry McCartney's, stayed until dark, then went to Mary Ann Mc to a party, come back at 6 A.M.

Friday 6.
In Salem until dark, I then went to Liberty, there was to be a dance but it fell through. A.K Broom and I turned it into a frolic.

Saturday 7.
I got home this morning from picket. We had a good time of it. There is nothing going on worth mentioning. My furlow runs out today. A.K. Broom and I won't go back until Wednesday.

Sunday 8.
I have been in Salem all day today. This had been quite warm day here. There is nothing going on worth note. Everything is quiet here. I am going to bed.

Monday 9.
In Salem all forenoon. Went to the school until recess, then went home. I went to Mr. Martin's and stayed all night.

Tuesday 10.
I went to D. Broom's this morning. I got home at 2 o'clock P.M. I went to the school house at recess and stayed until school was out. I went to D McCullough and sparked Maggie until 4 A.M. then went home.

Wednesday 11.
I went to Daniel Brooms this morning bound for my regiment, we left Broom's after dinner for Cambridge. We left Cambridge on the Q &C train for Columbus at 2 o'clock in the morning.

Thursday 12.
Went to Todd's Barrack for transportation. We left Todds Barracks and got on the 9 o'clock train for Cincinati.

Friday 13.
We got in Cincinnati about sun up this morning and went to Little's Barracks. We stayed here all night. We expect to get off to-morrow.

Saturday 14.
We left Cincinnati for Cairo, this trip is out our road, we should have went to Lewisville, we traveled all night.

Sunday 15.
I got to Odin at 9 o' clock this morning. We will have to lay over until tomorrow morning. We have had a good time.

Monday 16.
We got on the 9 o'clock train and went to Cairo and put up at the Soldier's home and got supper.

Tuesday 17.
We got up this morning at 2 o'clock and got on the cars and run to Oden and ran to Michel and changed again to new Albany. We went to the Soldier's home and put up for the night.

Wednesday 18.
We crossed the river this A.M. and went ot Lewsiville. They put in barracks.

Thursday 19.
We left Lewisville this morning for Nashville. We landed at 9 o'clock.

Friday 20.
We left nashville this A.M. got to Stevenson at 4 o'clock.

Saturday 21.
In Stevenson, Alabama. We got transportation to go to my regiment. We went to the Soldier's home and got dinner. We left after dinner on the cars and went to my regiment at Larkinsville.

Sunday 22.
In camp at Larkinsville. There is nothing going on here of note. There has been an order come for our co. to go on guard tomorrow.

Monday 23.
On picket to-day, there is 6 men on this post. There is lots of refugees hoping through the lines. Countersign Craucker Parol, Mission Ridge.

Tuesday 24.
In camp to-day. There is nothing going on to-day. Some of the boys went out among the refugees, we had some fun.

Wednesday 25.
On picket guard. To-day it is raining this afternoon. Countersign McClellan Parol. Pen Ridge.

Thursday 26.
In camp to-day, we signed the pay roll to-day. I went out tonight sparking.

Friday 27.
On picket-guard to-day. there is no countersign out tonight. The officers had a dance in town tonight.

Saturday 28.
In camp till afternoon A. Shannon and I went out in the country and we got in with 2 girls. We spent most of the afternoon with them. Expecting an attack.

Sunday 29.
On patrol guard to-day. We guard the R.R for 25 miles, Countersign is Fort Hudson. I fell and hurt my arm.

Monday 30.
Out in the country today. there is nothing going on worth note. Samuel Dugan and I went out tonight.

Tuesday 31.
We was paid off, we got $50.00. T.H Rumsey and I went out in the country.

June 1, 1864.
Wednesday.
I went out in the country, we had some fun. Went out tonight and made it alright.

Thursday 2.
In camp today, there is nothing going on worth mentioning only it is raining this after noon.

Friday 3.
We left Larkinsville and went to Huntsville. I don't know whether we will stay here or not but will know in a few days.

Saturday 4.
In town to-day went to the theatre at night. I had some photographs taken.

Sunday 5.
On picket guard today, it is very warm today. Countersign Bogville Patroll, Meed, We had mush and milk for supper.

Monday 6.
In camp today, there is nothing new today. I went to the theatre tonight, got home at 11 o'clock.P.M.

Tuesday 7.
We fixed Bowens and before our tent. I went to the theatre tonight. Got home at 12 o'clock.

Wednesday 8.
In camp today, it has been raining today. A.K. Broom went to the hospital, we got marching orders and dress parade to go to Scots Borow. We left here at 12 o'clock.

Thursday 9.
We are on the railroad between Huntsville and Larkinsville. 9 of us went out in the country and got mulberries.

Friday 10.
on guard today. It is wet and rainey.

Saturday 11.
In camp all day. it is raining. Part of our co. is on guard. I got a letter from Kimbolton.

Sunday 12.
We went on the mountain. We got honey, chickens and milk. It rained on us all the time. We had a good time.

Monday 13.
I am on guard today. Our duty is not very heavy here. There is no news worth of note.

Tuesday 14.
In camp today. Some of us boys went out in the country and got honey.

Wednesday 15.
In camp today. I am patrol guard tonight. Some of the boys found a bee tree and we cut it, there wasn't much in it.

Thursday 16
Marched, today is hot. I went to town this fore noon. I was in camp sleeping all afternoon. Went to the theatre at night.

Friday 17.
In town this fore noon. I wrote a letter to home today. There is talk of us marching soon.

Saturday 18.
Loafing around Huntsville today. There is nothing worth note. Talk of us leaving soon.

Sunday 19.
Sunday, in camp at Huntsville. Nothing worth note.

Monday 20.
In camp today, there is nothing going on worth note.

Tuesday 21.
We got marching orders today to go to the front. I went to town at night.

Wednesday 22.
We started on a march. We marched to Flint River and camped for the night. This is ten miles.

Thursday 23.
We took up the line of march this morning. We marched to Paint Rock Bridge, this is a distance of ten miles. I had a little fuss with Kennedy.

Friday 24.
We marched from paint Rock to larkinsville. This was a distance of 12 miles. I went out in the refugee camp.

Saturday 25.
We left Larkinsville this morning at 4 o'clock. We camped at Mud Creek for the night. Some of the boys got sun struck.

Sunday 26.
We marched form Mud Creek to Crow creek, a distance of 8 miles, here we got the rest of the division where we are in camp for the rest of the day. All O.K.

Monday 27.
Laying within 3 miles of Stevenson. We got marching orders at 8 o'clock P.M. We marched in town and laid all night at the depot.

Tuesday 28.
We left Stevenson this A.M at 8 o'clock and landed at Chattanooga at 6 o'clock this P.M. Can't leave tonight, we have camped.

Wednesday 29.
We left Chattanooga for the front. We got to Kingston a little after dark. We got off and camped for the night, this was a distance of 60 miles.

Thursday 30.
We moved south of town and camped. I don't know how long we will stay here. There is talk of us going to Rome.

July 1, 1864
Friday.
In camp at Kingston. There is no news of any importance today. We got some mail for the first time since we left Huntsville.

Saturday 2.
We are still in camp at Kingston. It is raining today. There is no news of any importance from the front.

Sunday 3.
In camp today. Some of the boys went out huckle berrying. There is no news from the front.

Monday 4.
Loafing around town. It is rumored that Sherman has Atlanta. Some of the boys went seining today.

Tuesday 5.
Still in camp at Kingston. News is good from the front today. Sherman still pushing towards Atlanta.

Wednesday 5.
In camp today. There is nothing going on today worth note. Started this afternoon to go out in the country but we couldn't run the pickets.

Thursday 7.
6 of us went out in the country to purchse some necessaries of life. We made everything all o.k.

Friday 8.
On picket guard today, F. Humphrey went from his fort with a woman. We were going to tie him guide. Warm today

Saturday 9.
In camp all day. I went out in town tonight. There is nothing going on worth note today.

Sunday 10.
In camp today. There is nothing of much importance today. The division train come up today.

Monday 11.
I have been trying to get a young lady to go out in the country this forenoon. I went out this afternoon about 2 miles.

Tuesday 12.
In camp, we left Catersville and marched to Atlanta and camped. I went to a house in the country.

Wednesday 13.
No entry.

Thursday 14.
Samuel Dugan and I went out in the country and had lots of fun. On picket this afternoon. It is reported today that Sherman has Atlanta.

Friday 15.
Relieved of one guard. Dugan and I went out in the country this afternoon and raised the devil.

Saturday 16.
I am on a detail guarding wood wagons about 2 miles from camp. There is nothing going on today worth note. Rained tonight.

Sunday 17.
In camp the most of the day. There is no news today from the fort worth note.

Monday 18.
There is nothing going on worth note. 3 of us went out in the country to have some fun.

Tuesday 19.
Amos Shannon and I went to Cartersville to Division Train after clothes we had there. We got back 12 o'clock at night.

Wednesday 20.
On picket guard today. We have a heap of fun with the citizens as they pass through the lines.

Thursday 21.
Samuel Dugan and I took a trip out in the country to have some fun. We had a heap of fun at a house about 2 miles from camp.

Friday 22.
On picket guard today. Sherman is fighting in front today. It is reported that Sherman has captured Atlanta.

Saturday 23.
Samuel Dugan, Amos Shannon and I went out to a citizens house to have some fun. General McPherson's body went by here to-day.

Sunday 24.
Samuel Dugan and I got a pass and went out in the country to an old foundary where there was some young ladies.

Monday 25.
Geo. Walton, Dugan and I went to the old foundary and stayed till night. We had lots of fun etc. with the women.

Tuesday 26.
We moved our camp this morning over next to town. I wrote a letter to Enoch today. There is no news from the front worth note.

Wednesday 27.
In camp all forenoon. The afternoon Samuel Dugan and I went out to the country to a house and raised thunder with the women.

Thursday 28.
On post guard. I got James Armstrong to stand in my place.

Friday 29.
Some of us went out in the country to get some berries and to have some fun. I had two letters from home.

Saturday 30.
On patrol guard to-day. Awful hot all forenoon. We had quite a little rain this afternoon. No news from the front today.

Sunday 31.
I went out in the country today. There was 300 prisoners went through here. Still fighting a little in the front.

August 1, 1864., Monday.:
In camp all day. Raining this afternoon. We got marching orders to move tomorrow to Nesaca. We have four days to go in distance of 60 miles.

Tuesday 2.
We started this morning for Nesaca. We marched to Carters and got dinner we started again. We marched 8; miles and camped..

Wednesday 3.
We started 6 o'clock this morning and marched to Adamsville and stayed all night. We had a very heavy rain. We marched 18 miles today.

Thursday 4.
We left this morning at 5 o'clock and marched to Calhoun and eat our dinner. We then started and marched to Nesaca and camped.

Friday 5.
Laying in a big field close to town without any tents. We had an awful rain, it like to have drowned us all. I don't know how long we will be here.

Saturday 6.
In camp, this is market day here, there is plenty of women in camp, quite wet and muddy. I had a letter from Clark Smith.

Sunday 7.
In camp today, no passes today beyond the lines. Afraid that some of the men will raise thunder. No news from the front.

Monday 8.
We got our tents today and fiixed them up. The first time we have had them since we left Huntsville. No news from the front.

Tuesday 9.
The Co, is most all on duty today, we signed the pay roll today. There is no news froom the front.

Wednesday 10.
I have charge of five men today to patrol the railroad. We was paid off today. News from the front is not very favorable.

Thursday 11.
In camp today, there is now news from the front worth mention, we are going to have inspection tomorrow at 10 o'clock.

Friday 12.
Well our inspection came off today. Rumor in camp that we will move. Some cloudy.

Saturday 13.
I was on detail forageing today. We were out about 15 miles, we got wheat and oats.

Sunday 14.
The rebs attacked a drove of our cattle 6 miles from here and we gots orders to go and reinforce our men and we soon routed the Devils.

Monday 15.
The rebs tore up the road last night. They started us after them this A.M. We soon routed them.

Tuesday 16.
Our men is fixing the road today. We are detailed as guards. There was a Co. of the 17th. Iowa taken prisoners.

Wednesday 17.
We are train guards today hauling rail irons and ties. There is about one mile and a half of road toren up.

Thursday 18.
We was relieved and come to camp. The trains are running today. We got orders to move our camp to the fort at 12 o'cock.

Friday 19.
We moved our camp to the fort. The 10 ma has gone home. We are fixing our quarters this forenoon. We got mail, the trains run clear through.

Saurday 20.
In camp today. I am on guard tonight. Thomas Pumphrey run the pickets to go and see a girl. he was shot at 3 times but missed.

Sunday 21.
In camp today. Some of the boys went out in the country and got some rosten ears.

Monday 22.
In camp all forenoon, the afternoon 8 of Co. F was detailed to bury a man of war. I am just going to bed.

Tuesday 23.
On picket guard today. I am the corps commanding the post. The rest was called out to go and see our old Forest. He is out 5 miles.

Wednesday 24.
Relieved of one picket guard. I got a letter from Maggie McCulforty. I answered it and sent his photograph. No news from the front worth note.

Thursday 25.
In camp today, we drew clothing today. I got a pair of pants, 1 shirt, 2 pairs of socks and 1 hat. Nothing going on worth note.

Friday 26.
I saw Wm. R. Matthews today. I am on alarm guard tonight in camp. I am corporal of the guard.

Saturday 27.
I went to a horse race, there was a sorrel and a bay run. The sorrel won the race, there is to be another one Saturday.

Sunday 28.
We had inspection of arms and clothes this A.M. This afternoon Samuel Johnson and I went side of the pickets and got some corn. We had to run the pickets.

Monday 29.
In camp today, there is no news from the front today.

Tuesday 30
In camp most all day. I have been in town all afternoon. On alarm guard at the fort.

Wednesday 31.
Soldiers have been passing most all day for the front.

September 1, 1864., Thursday.:
On picket guard today. I am the corps of the guard there's 3 men on my post.

Friday 2.
Relieved of one picket guard this morning in town.

Saturday 3.
At the horse race today, town is full of pretty women today.

Sunday 4.
I got a pass for 6 men. and went out in the country. We had a heap of fun and then returned to camp. We got back 5 P.M. It is reported that Sherman has Atlanta.

Monday 5.
The report of Sherman having Atlanta is confirmed. He is following the retreat. He is taking a great many prisoners.

Tuesday 6.
Relieved of one picket guard, in town most all day. We had battle drill Col. Green, B. Romb drilled us.

Wednesday 7.
In camp most all day, the trains are not running through yet. It is reported that Gen. John Morgan was killed.

Thursday 8.
There is nothing new today. There is prisoners passing through from atlanta to the North. I am just going to bed.

Friday 9.
The boys are fixing to have a dance tonight. They had a big time, there was 2 or 3 fights, the officers were nearly all drunk.

Saturday 10.
Today is the first day we have had mail for 8 days. I got 3 letters, one from David A Thompson, one from McCartney, and one from Mary Jane.

Sunday 11.
I got a letter from home today. We had inspection this morning.

Monday 12.
I have a very bad cold, my bones ache. I feel chilly. There is nothing going on today worth note.

Tuesday 13.
There was a detail made this morning in our company of 13 men to go forageing. We fetched in 10 wagons.

Wednesday 14.
We was cleaning up our guns and camp today for inspection. We was detailed this P.M. to guard cattle 3 miles from here.

Thursday 15.
We was guarding a cattle corral 3 miles from town. We had plenty of fun and a good house to stay in.Friday 16. We are still guarding the corral. I feel a little sick today.

Saturday 17.
We was relieved this morning at 10 o'clock by Lieut . Hill and Co. D. A.K. Broom came back this morning from the Hospital.

Sunday 18.
We was cleaning up our guns and camps for inspection but it rained and we did not have any.

Monday 19.
I feel quite sick today, I have a very bad cold. I have been taking some pills. There are 74 pounders. The officers are on a drunk today.

Tuesday 20.
I am on picket guard today. I am corporal. I still have a bad head ache. We had a very nice rain, countersigned Helena.

Wednesday 21.
I was relieved this morning. It rained all night.

Thursday 22.
Nothing going on today, worth note. It is still raining.

Friday 23.
There is a great many soldiers passing through here on their way home.

Saturday 24.
I am on picket guard today. I am corporal and is in charge of 3 men. Today is cloudy.

Sunday 25.
Relieved of one picket this morning. We had inspection at 9 o'clock this morning. The sun is shining today.

Monday 26.
I have been in camp today. We have been playing poker today, the sun is shining.

Tuesday 27.
There's nothing new today. There is a detail made of 17 men for cattle guard. They will be gone 3 days.

Wednesday 28.
I am on picket guard today. I am acting corporal. I am in charge of 3 men. We are on guard 1 mile from camp. It is trying to rain and we have no shelter to keep us dry.

Thursday 29.
Relieved of one picket guard today.

Friday 30.
In camp all day today. There is soldiers passing through here going after Hogan. They are from 4 corps. Still raining yet.

October 1, 1864.

Saturday 1.
On picket guard today. We have not had mail for 6 days.

Sunday 2.
Relieved of one picket guard this morning. it rained all last night. We had inspection this morning.

Monday 3.
I am corporal of the patrol gurd. We made 2 trips in day time and tonight we was one half mile from camp and stood all night.

Tuesday 4.
Just came off patrol guard. It rained all last night. The bridges washed away today. The rebs reported close.

Wednesday 5.
The rebs attacked Altoona this morning but was repulsed. Sherman is after them. The construction corps is working at the bridges.

Thursday 6.
The construction corps is working at the railroad bridge. They got most all the trussle work done by dark.

Friday 7
There come a drift down the river and washed down the trussle work that they put in yesterday. I am on patrol guard today. The 77th. Regt. come here today.

Saturday 8.
I come pretty near forageing last night. We got mail today, this is the first mail we have had in 10 days.

Sunday 9.
Today is quite cold, there is nothing going on worth note.

Monday 10.
There was a heavy frost last night. I am on picket guard today. We are expecting an attack today.

Tuesday 11.
The election went off today. The Abolitions had majority. Expecting an attack. We are fortifying.

Wednesday 12.
1 P.M. The rebs attacked our pickets. 5 P.M. Still skirmishing. 10 P.M. Tearing up the railroad. They have not charged yet.

Thursday 13.
7 A.M. Commenced skirmishing. 4.P.M. The rebs showed themselves plain. We got reinforced and will have more tonight. It is now dark, skirmishing yet.

Friday 14.
6 A.M. The rebs left last night. Part 17 A. Corps come last night. Sherman's army has come and are after them. I seen Enoch Sears.

Saturday 15.
Troops has been passing all day. We can heat skirmishing at Snake Creek gaps. The rebs routed, Sherman in pursuit.

Sunday 16.
We have not heard from Sherman today. Soldiers still going past. I am on guard in town.

Monday 17.
Adam K. Brown and I are building a house. Nothing from Sherman today. The construction corps is fixing the railroad.

Tuesday 18.
12 o'clock. 5 of us have just come from the country with sweet potatoes. We was across the river about 5 miles. We run off some rebs.

Wednesday 19.
I am in camp today. the camp was detailed this morning with 3 days rations in their kaversacks. The construction corps are working on the rail road. We got mail...

Thursday 20.
No news from Sherman today. The construction corps are working on the road. Everything quiet.

Friday 21.
Nothing strange today. The boys have come to camp that was detailed 3 days ago. They was at Tilton guarding the place.

Saturday 22.
We are on a forageing detail today. We went 9 miles. We had a heap of fun. We seen lots of pretty girls.

Sunday 23.
This is a very pleasant day. We had a heavy frost last ngiht. There was 1200 prisoners came in last night.

Monday 24.
I am on picket guard today. The talk is today that Sherman has Hood surrounded on Blue Mountain 10 miles from Rome.

Tuesday 25.
On a burying escort today. Report is that Hood is surrounded on Blue Mountain a detail from our camp to go to Chattanooga.

Wednesday 26.
There has been drafted men and substitutes coming in all day. we were on detail at night to unload a train. We worked til 12 o'clock.

Thursday 27.
On detail loading cars with crackers and salt to send to the armey. We have not heard from Sherman today.

Friday 28.
On picket guard. they have go the railroad fixed, the cars are running, today is pleasant and warm.

Saturday 29.
Relieved of one picket. Adam Broom and I went to a house and had lots of fun with the girls. We took a walk. We had to run the pickets.

Sunday 30.
On picket guard. We have been on duty every day for over 3 weeks, but I don't think duty will be so heavy now.

Monday 31.
Relieved of one picket guard. A. K. Broom and I got a pass to go to Cartersville but did not get off. talk of marching soon.

November 1, 1864.,Tuesday.:
Adam K. Broom and I went to Cartersville to see some of the old camp boys who are there driving divisions teams.

Wednesday 2.
We stayed at Cartersville till 3 o'clock at which time we got on the cars and started for Resaca. It rained on us all the road. We landed at 9 o'clock.

Thursday 3.
In camp today, it has been raining all day. The 23 rd corps is laying here. they are going to Nashville.

Friday 4.
I have been in camp all day. We captured some flour last night, and today we are baking pies and cake. Still raining.

Saturday 5.
On picket guard. There was some new recruits come by the post. I got an overcoat, a nap sack and some haversacks. this will learn them some sense.

Sunday 6.
In camp all day, we got marching orders to march to Cartersville. We will move in this morning.

Monday 7.
We left Resaca this morning. We marched to Adairsville distance of 17 miles. It rained on us all the road.

Tuesday 8.
We started this morning and marched to Cartersville, distance of 20 miles. It rained all day.

Wednesday 9.
In camp today at Cartersville. We will leave soon and go to Atlanta, the orders is to burn the town. We will get pay tomorrow.

Thursday 10.
We was paid off today 2 months pay. This is a nice day.

Friday 11.
We are still in Cartersville. We will leave here tomorrow.

Saturday 12.
We left Cartersville to march to Ackworth, distance of 14 miles. This is a pleasant day.

Sunday 13.
We took up the line of march this morning and marched about 5 miles south of Marietta, distance of 16 miles.

Monday 14.
We took up the line of march this morning and marched to Atlanta and camped outside of the beast works. We will leave tomorrow.

Tuesday 15.
We left Atlanta this morning at 9 0'clock on a raid through Georgia. We marched within 3 miles of Jones Borough, distance of 12 miles.

Wednesday 16.
We took up the line of march and marched to Jones Borough distance of 15 miles. This is a nice country. A small skirmish.

Thursday 17.
We started this morning & marched 3 miles south of Lake Grove and camped for the night. This is a beautiful country. I am on a picket guard.

Friday 18.
We started this morning and marched to Acmilgua, a distance of 4 miles. We had to put down pontoons. A large factory here.

Saturday 19.
We started again on the line of march and camped at Hollsborough, 25 miles from Millage-ville. We had plenty of potatoes and fresh meats.

Sunday 20.
We started again and camped at Clinton, heavy canonading this evening opposed to Macon. The weather is wet, disagreeable marching.

Monday 21.
We are again on the march, we camped about 5 miles from Wintersville, distance of 10 miles.

Tuesday 22.
We are again on the march, we camped at Gordon and tore up the railroad all night.

Wednesday 23.
Our Regt is on piacket gard today. The armey is laying in camp. The railroad is torn from Macon to Milageville.

Thursday 24.
We was relieved this morning of one picket guard. In camp at Gordon. The 17th.corps. has gone on. Heavy cannonading in the direction of Macon.

Friday 25.
We started this morning again and marched to Irvington, a distance of 12 miles and camped. Our division is in the rear of the army.

Saturday 26.
We again took up the line of march. We camped within 3 miles of Altamaka River. The 17 corps is crossing the river.

Sunday 27.
We are again on the move. We crossed the river at daylight. We camped 8 miles from the river. The weather is warm and the roads sandy.

Monday 28.
We are marching through the Georgia desert. There is nothing to be seen but pines and swamps.

Tuesday 29.
We are still on the march, this is a nice country but won't produce nothing but cane, sweet potatoes and corn. We marched 20 miles today.

Wednesday 30.
Country we came through is level and swampy. Some places 10 miles without a house. We have not found any enemies yet.

December 1, 1864., Thursday.:
We are again on the march. We camped in a very nice place. We marched about 19 miles today.

Friday 2.
We are once more on the march. We started at 6 o'clock. We have been bothered today with swamps.

Saturday 3.
We laid in camp today. We couldn't march until the road was fixed. We have about 75 miles to go yet.

Sunday 4.
We took up the line of march this morning and marched within 1 mile of Statesboro and camped for the night.

Monday 5.
We are again on the move, we passed through Statesboro and camped on a very nice plantation for the night. We come 18 mile today.

Tuesday 6.
We are laying in camp, I am on forage detail. The rest of the Regiment are building breastworks. We can hear cannonading in the night.

Wednesday 7.
We took up the line of march this morning and marched 8 miles and camped for the night. The roads are awful bad.

Thursday 8.
We moved our camp about 1 mile and camped for the day. We can hear cannonading at Savannah. My time is out today.

Friday 9.
We took up the line of march this morning. We crossed the Ogeeche river on pontoons bridges. We can hear cannonading at Savanah. We had some skirmishing today.

Saturday 10.
We are Division train guard today. We are laying in camp at Canoral, 15 miles from Savannah. We can hear the big guns.

Sunday 11.
We are still at the cannal guarding the Division train. The company are on picket guard today.

Monday 12.
We moved today to Station No. 1 on the Gulf Railroad and camped. We are now 8 miles from the Gulf. Heavy firing all day in direction of Savanah.

Tuesday 13.
Laying in camp all forenoon. In the afternoon we went out skirmishing. Heavy cannonading in direction of Fort McAllister.

Wednesday 14.
We had inspection today. Not much fighting today. Fort McAllister was taken yesterday evening. Crackers are scarce.

Thursday 15.
We are in camp today. Heavy skirmishing this forenoooon. Some of the boys went out to the oyster bed and fetched in oysters. No crackers yet.

Friday 16.
We are on duty today picketing. We have not drawn any crackers for 6 or 8 days. Not much firing along lines.

Saturday 17.
I was on picket guard yesterday and relieved this evening. Everything has been quiet today.

Sunday 18.
Adam K. Broom and I went to the Division train to get some clothing. We drew crackers, the first we have had for over a week.

Monday 19.
In camp today, orders came to be ready to move in a minutes warning, but we did not leave. Not much going on today.

Tuesday 20.
Heavy cannonading around the lines today. We can see ships at the landing. There is cool breeze today. The boys are lively and fat.

Wednesday 21.
Savannah was vacated last night and we marched in the city this afternoon and took possession. All the large guns was left.

Thursday 22.
I went on picket last night and relieved this evening. Last night was cold and windy. Savannah is a very nice place.

Friday 23.
We moved camp this morning one mile south of the city. I fixed up our quarters, they say we are going to stay here all winter.

Saturday 24.
We had general inspection in town today by Gen. Sherman and Austin House, the Div. Commander.

Sunday 25.
We had inspection this morning. It is reported that Hardee forces are captured, but I don't know how true it is.

Monday 26.
In camp today, part of the camp on picket guard. It has been raining yesterday and today.

Tuesday 27
On picket guard today. It is reported that Gen. Davis is dead. The news came by flag of truce to Savannah.

Wednesday 28.
Relieved of picket this morning crackers are scarce. I went to the Division train and hooked a box, we have plenty now.

Thursday 29.
Today is pleasant and warm. A vessel was captured last night while trying to run the blockade. It was loaded with sugar, coffee & tea.

Friday 30.
Nothing going on worth note. It is wet today.

Saturday 31.
On picket guard. It commenced raining this morning.


The End.


Post script:

Five Days later Ephraim was honorably dismissed and sent home. Years later my great-grandmother Ora Sears Jenkins said people would knock on their door asking to see the diaries in order to use them as proof that they had served in the war and were worthy of receiving a military pension from the government. Ephraim and his brother Enoch both married and had children. After the war the brothers continued in their chosen trade as carpenters, farmers, and in real estate. They both eventually moved away from Ohio, but.remained active members of the GAR veterans association and sat on committees being politically involved in their local communities.




Letters written Home & Glossary of Slang

1864 Diary

1863 Diary

1862 Diary

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