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Ephraim Sears - Diary 1863



January 1, 1863
Left Memphis for Colersville Stade Lurnen.
Left for Colersville. Stopped 3 miles this side.

January 2, 1863.
Laying here mustard for pay, the Rebels come in.

January 3, 1863.
Move back 5 miles to guard the pade role on picket.

January 4, 1863
Pitch our tents, went out and killed some hogs.

January 5, 1863.
In camp.

January 6 ,1863.
On picket guard.

January 7, 1863
Went to Memphis to guard some wagons. We raised thunder.

January 8, 1863.
Started back.

January 9, 1863.
In camp.

January 10, 1863.
On picket guard.

January 11, 1863.
Come off picket in camp.

January 12, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 13, 1863.
Laying in camp.
.
January 14, 1863.
In camp.

January 15, 1863.
On picket guard.

January 16, 1863.
Laying in camp.

January 17, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 18, 1863
In camp. Received pay.

January 19, 1863.
On picket guard.

January 20, 1863.
Came off pick.

January 21, 1863.
In camp.

January 22, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 23, 1863.
In camp. Playing hell.

January 24, 1863.
On picket guard.

January 25, 1863.
Come off picket. Call up out on line.

January 26, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 27, 1863.
Come off guard.

January 28, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 29, 1863.
In camp.

January 30, 1863.
On camp guard.

January 31, 1863.
In camp. The name of our camp was Forest Hill.

February 1, 1863.
On camp guard.

February 2, 1863.
In camp.

February 3, 1863.
On camp guard.

February 4, 1863.
On picket guard.

February 5, 1863.
Come off picket. Went to Memphis.

February 6, 1863.
Come from Memphis.

February 7, 1863.
On double duty for missing roll call.

February 8, 1863.
Left for Memphis. Camped 2 miles southeast of Memphis.

February 9, 1863.
Pitched our tents.

February 10, 1863.
In camp raising Hell.

February 11, 1863.
On brigade guard. Reported to the Colonel for throwing dirt on Wm. Temple. Colonel relieved me.

February 12, 1863.
In camp.

February 13, 1863.
In camp quarreling about the tent.

February 14, 1863.
Raising the devil. No. I . took the tent in spite of the devil.

February 15, 1863.
Split the puncheons and put flare in our tent.

February 16, 1863.
In camp raising the devil.

February 17, 1863.
In camp.

February 18, 1863.
On camp guard.

February 19, 1863.
In camp raising the devil.

February 20, 1863.
I don't feel well.

February 21, 1863.
On guard taken down with lung fever.

February 22, 1863.
Taken to the Hospital with the lung fever.

February 23, 1863.
In the Hospital. I had a blister put on my side.

February 24, 1863.
In the hospital. Feel pretty sick.

February 25, 1863.
Under the Dr.'s hands. In the Hospital taking medicine.

February 26, 1863.
Still taking medicine.

February 27, 1863.
In the hospital yet.

February 28, 1863
Expecting marching orders.

February 29, 1863.
In the Hospital. Received marching orders to go down the River. Sent out and got a can of oysters but I could not eat them.

March 1, 1863.
Taken to the Overton Hospital, Memphis, Tenn.
Put in Ward C. Room 6 Bunk 25. Nurse Thomas White.

March 2, 1863.
In Memphis Hospital under the Dr's hands.

March 3, 1863.
Sick as ever, about 20 boils come out on my back.

March 4, 1863.
In the Overton Hospital.

March 5, 1863.
Still in the Overton Hostpial. Mathis Savame died he had my blankets, they was taken to the dead room and lost.

March 6, 1863.
In the Hospital.

March 7, 1863.
Not able to be up.

March 8, 1863.
Still in the Overton Hospital.

March 9, 1863.
I feel some better but not able to be up.

March 10 1863.
Still getting better.

March 11, 1863.
Went out in town for the first time and did not stay long.

March 12, 1863.
Out in town again.

March 13, 1863.
Out in town again.

March 14, 1863.
Out in town again drinking ginger pop and eating oysters.

March 15, 1863.
I have the sore throat.

March 16, 1863.
Went to Fort Pickens. In the Convalescent Hospital.

March 17, 1863.
Still in the Hospital.

March 18, 1863.
In the Hospital.

March 19, 1863.
On guard for missing roll call. Corperal of the third relief.

March 20, 1863.
In the Fort. Wrote for my descriptive roll.

March 21, 1863.
In Fort Pickens. Memphis threatened.

March 22, 1863.
Scouting around the camp.

March 23, 1863.
Commence raining.

March 24, 1863.
Cold and windy.

March 25, 1863.
In the Convalescent Hospital.

March 26, 1863.
In the Hospital. Fetched in a squaud of deserters. Sent them down the River.

March 27, 1863.
In Fort Pickens. The convalescents were examined.

March 28, 1863.
Fort Pickens, Tenn. a horse race came off.

March 29, 1863.
In Fort Pickens, windy and cold.

March 30, 1863.
Left Fort Pickens.

March 31, 1863.
Landed at Delaney in the morning, went to the Soldier's home staid there until dark. We then got on Empire City and started down the pass. We run all night and in the morning we was about 16 miles from where we started the night before. This beats all the paper I ever seen in all my troubles.

April 1, 1863.
Running down the pass and a devil of a pass, it was. We run all day and at night we found ourselves about 10 miles from where we started in the morning. This is the way soldiers go.

April 2, 1863.
Started and run about 4 miles and got in cold water, fired in by the rebels but didn't hurt none of any account.

April 3, 1863.
Run out of rations, so we stopped and got off and killed 7 beeves and wounded about 40 and burnt all the buildings on the Plantation.

April 4, 1863.
Started out again, got some coten. Had a devil of a pull. Stopped a little after dark went out and got some hames and a shot gun.

April 5, 1863.
Met the fleet coming back. the boat tied up until they passed, then they turned and started to back down the Hatchie I couldn't get to my co.


April 6, 1863.
Started again.

April 7, 1863.
Started again up the Natchez we run this time until dark and stopped and went in a house and cleaned it out and burnt the house. My regt. passed again I got to my co. after dark.

April 8, 1863.
We run to the mouth of the pass. We got here at 2 o'clock in the after noon and stayed until 5. We started again and run a piece further and tied up.

April 9, 1863.
We run to the lake and tied up. From the river to the lake is about half of a mile.

April 10, 1863.
Started this morning and run to the sand bar. This is about 6 miles below Helena.

April 11, 1863.
Our co. on guard. I was supernumerary and hadn't to stand. I was glad of it for it was raining.

April 12, 1863.
Come off guard, laying on sand bar looking for marching orders.

April 13, 1863.
Still on the sand bar expecting marching orders but none came so we put up our tents.

April 14, 1863.
We are still on the sand bar laying around in the sand and dirt. Rumored that Vicksburg is taken. Spendt $1.75 at the Suters expecting pay.

April 15, 1863
In camp on the sand bar.

April 16, 1863.
Started down the River bound for Vicksburg.

April 17, 1863.
Going down the river.

April 18, 1863.
Marched to Richmond.

April 19 1863.
In camp.

April 20 & 21, 1863.
No entries.

April 22, 1863.
We was paid off.

April 23, 1863.
On picket guard, the first brigade came up cleaning out another pass. The enfencars came and a brigade of counterbrands.

April 24, 1863.
We express our money to S. Succock. I express $50.00 to home and kept $30.00 for my own use.*
*See letter written to his father on this same date.

April 25, 1863.
Marched from Richmond to Howes plantation, a distance of 9 miles. Went in the negro house and got some beer.

April 26, 1863.
Marched to Smith's Plantation.

April 27, 1863.
In camp.

April 28, 1863.
Left Smith's Plantation camp I deluded as pioneers and marched to another plantion 15 miles Fitches plantation.

April 29, 1863.
Started and marched 10 miles within one mile of the River.

April 30, 1863.
We marched 12 miles further.

May 1, 1863.
Started and marched 2 miles. Got on board of a gun boat and crossed the River fighting out at Fort Gibeon.

May 2, 1863.
Marched to the battle field.

May 3, 1863.
Marched skirmishing on picket. Heavy cannonading all night.

May 4, 1863.
Laying in camp.

May 5, 1863.
No entry.

May 6, 1863.
No entry.

May 7, 1863.
No entry.

May 8, 1863.
On picket guard awaiting marching orders.

May 9, 1863.
Started and marched to Rockey Springs.

May 10, 1863
We marched 9 miles and camped.

May 11, 1863.
No entry.

May 12, 1863.
No entry.

May 13, 1863.
Started to Clinton and marched 3 miles east of Clinton.

May 14, 1863.
Marched to Lackee 10 miles and had a fight, about 60 killed and wounded in our regt.

May 15, 1863.
Started back to Clinton.

May 16, 1863.
Cannonading and fighting at Clintons.

May 17, 1863.
Detained to bury the dead.

May 18, 1863.
Guarding the prisoners.

May 19, 1863.
Started with 10 prisoners and marched on across Big Black River.

May 20, 1863.
Started and marched to the Yazoo pass.

May 21, 1863.
Guarding prisoners.

May 22, 1863.
Guarding prisoners at Yongs Point, Heavy cannonading at Vicksburg.

May 23, 1863.
Guarding the prisoners.

May 24, 1863.
Still guarding the prisoners. Heavy connonading.

May 25, 1863.
Got on board of the Ohio Bell and started up the river with the prisoners.

May 26, 1863.
Going up the river.

May 27, 1863.
Still going up. Talk of going to Columbus.

May 28, 1863.
Landed at Memphis and anchored out in the river.

May 29, 1863.
Still in front of Memphis give the prisoners in the hands of other soldiers and went to shore, broke guard and went in town. Moved to the Fort.

May 30, 1863
Laying in the Fort about dark got on board of black hulk and started down the river.

May 31, 1863.
Still going down the River. Got to Helenea about daylight.

June 1, 1863.
Still going down the river.

June 2, 1863.
Landed at Yongs point. Started up the Yazoo River got out and camped.

June 3, 1863.
Laying in camp.

June 4, 1863.
Still in camp. Started out to the rear of Vicksburg.

June 5, 1863.
In the rear of Vicksburg.

June 6, 1863.
Still in the rear.

June 7, 1863.
Went out in the rifle pits.

June 8, 1863.
Relieved.

June 9-13 , 1863
No entries.

June 14, 1863.
In camp and went out in the rifle pits. Supporting a battery.

June 15, 1863.
In the rifle pits. Relieved.

June 16, 1863.
In camp in a hollow. Heavy cannonading.

June 17, 1863.
No entry.

June 18, 1863.
In camp. all day and went out in the rifle pits at night.

June 19, 1863.
Relieved from guard and came to camp.

June 20, 1863.
Laying in camp, very heavy cannonading.

June 21, 1863.
Policing our camp.

June 22, 1863.
Laying in camp.

June 23, 1863.
Laying in camp until dark and receiving orders to go out in the rifle pits. Several of our regiment got wounded by our own shells.

June 24, 1863.
Relieved from picket duty. Logen undermining the rebels fort.

June 25, 1863.
Logan went out in the line of battle. Rigle was shot in the eye. Logan blew up the rebel's fort.

June 26, 1863.
Laying in camp, went out in the rifle pits.

June 27, 1863.
Relieved of our guard.

June 28, 1863.
In camp.

June 29, 1863.
Still in camp.

June 30, 1863.
Policing camp.

July1, 1863.
In camp.

July 2, 1863.
Heavy cannonading.

July 3, 1863.
The rebs raised the white flag. Pemberton and Grant met under a tree but did not come to terms.

July 4, 1863.
Old Pemberton surrendered and came outside of the breast works and stacked their guns and we marched in and took possession of the ground. Went back to camp, went on picket.

July 5, 1863.
Still on picket.

July 6, 1863.
Relieved of our picket. Went inside of the breast works and camped.

July 7, 1863.
Cleaning up the camp.

July 8, 1863.
On guard.

July 9, 1863.
Relieved fom the guard. The paroled prisoners passing out.

July 10 & 11, 1863.
No entries.

July 12, 1863.
In camp.

July 13, 1863.
In camp.

July 14, 1863.
On guard at the arsenal.

July 15, 1863.
No entry.

July 16, 1863.
Relieved of our guard. The regt. gathering up all S.C mules and old wagons.

July 17 & 18, 1863.
No entries.

July 19, 1863.
The regiment was paid off. We drew $26.00. John Farney and Gehagens got furlows to go home.

July 20, 1863.
Gathering up old wagons and putting them in a barrel.

July 21, 1863.
No entry.

July 22, 1863.
In camp.

July 23, 1863.
Moved our camp. On guard on the breast works.

July 24, 1863.
Relieved of guard. Fixing our camp.

July 25, 1863.
In camp.

July 26, 1863.
No entry.

July 27, 1863.
Still in camp.

July 29, 1863.
On guard.

July 30, 1863.
In camp.

July 31, 1863.
Out making some money.*
*He used his carpentry skills to earn extra money.

August 1-3 1863.
No entries.

August 4, 1863.
In camp.

August 5, 1863.
One man on duty at the wagon every day.

August 6, 1863.
In camp.

August 7, 1863.
On guard.

August 8, 1863.
Relieved in camp.

August 9, 1863.
No entry.

August 10, 1863.
In camp.

August 11, 1863.
On guard.

August 12, 1863.
Relieved.

August, 13, 1863.
General inspection at 10 o'clock.

August 14, 1863.
In camp Vicksburg.

August 15, 1863.
In camp.

August 16, 1863.
In Camp Vicksburg.

August 17, 1863.
Still in camp.

August 18, 1863.
In camp, went to town and purchased some onions and potatoes.

August 19, 1863.
In camp raising the Devil.

August 20-21, 1863.
No entries.

August 22, 1863.
Went to town and got a barrel of potatoes.

August 23, 1863.
Raising the Devil.

August 24, 1863.
No entry.

August 25, 1863.
Orders came to go to town.

August 26, 1863.
Wm. Temple and I on detach duty in town guarding ordinance.

August 27, 1863.
In town having a good time Adam Broom and Al. Johnson went home.

August 28, 1863.
Still in town.

August 29-31 1863.
No entries.

September 1, 1863.
In town raising the Devil.

September 2-6, 1863.
No entries.

September 7, 1863.
Received marching orders in camp to be ready to march at any time.

September 8, 1863.
Still in town.

September 9, 1863.
No entry.

September 10, 1863.
Still in town.

September 11, 1863.
Relieved in town and went to camp.

September 12, 1863.
Orders come to march. Got on boat John L. Roe and started up the river.

September 13, 1863.
Still going up the river.

September 14, 1863.
No entry.

September 15, 1863.
Landed at Helena. Raised the devil.

September 16, 1863.
Raising the devil with the negroes, killed one.

September 17, 1863.
Still in Helena.

September 18, 1863.
No entry.

September 19, 1863.
Still in camp.

September 20-22, 1863.
No entries.

September 23, 1863.
On duty.

September 24, 1863.
Still at Helena.

September 25, 1863.
Expecting marching orders.

September 26, 1863.
No entry.

September 27, 1863.
Started up the river on Creold.

September 28, 1863.
Still going up the river landed at Memphis.

September 29, 1863.
Moved out north of town and camped.

September 30, 1863.
Still in camp.

October 1, 1863.
In camp.

October 2, 1863.
Got a pass and went to town . Adam Broom and A. Johnston and Wm. Bell returned from home.

October 3, 1863.
Still in camp, our baggage come to town.

October 4, 1863.
In camp at Memphis, Tenn.

October 5, 1863.
Received marching orders to go to Corinth.

October 6, 1863.
Left Memphis on the cars. Rained like thunder.

October 7, 1863.
Went in camp at Glendale, 10 miles from Corinth.

October 8, 1863.
In camp.

October 9, 1863.
Orders come to move our camp.

October 10, 1863.
In camp on guard.

October 11, 1863.
Sunday, still in camp. Great excitement about the election.

October 12, 1863.
Still in camp, commenced raining.

October 13, 1863.
On guard. raining. The election went off, there was 240 votes.

October 14, 1863.
Still raining, part of our camp on guard.

October 15, 1863.
In camp.

October 16, 1863.
Marching orders.

October 17, 1863.
March to Burnesville.

October 18, 1863.
In camp expecting marching orders.

October 19, 1863.
The regiment marched to Iuka. The regiment left.

October 20, 1863.
The regiment in camp at Iuka, I went to hospital.

October 21, 1863.
In Hospital in Iuka. the regiment left.

October 22, 1863.
Still in Hospital in Iuka.

October 23, 1863.
No entry.

October 24, 1863.
Delayed and put in charge of 9 men to guard a corral of cattle.

October 25, 1863.
Still guarding the cattle.

October 26 & 27, 1863.
No entries.

October 28, 1863.
Over in town raising the Devil.

October 29, 1863.
Relieved and returned back to the Duke's Spring house.

October 30, 1863.
Still in the spring house.

October 31, 1863.
Still in town. Orders to go to Memphis, Tenn.

November 1, 1863.
Started for Memphis and as far as Cornith and stayed the night until morning.

November 2, 1863.
Started for Memphis and got there about 4 o'clock and went to the Fort.

November 3, 1863.
In the fort.

November 4, 1863.
Still in the fort. I took sick with fever.

November 5, 1863.
Still sick with fever.

November 6, 1863.
Taken to Adams Hospital.

November 7, 1863.
Still in hospital. The Dr. put in for a furlow for me.

November 8, 1863.
Still in the hospital.

November 9-13, 1863.
No entries.

November 14, 1863.
Getting better.

November 15-17, 1863.
No entries.

November 18, 1863.
Still better.

November 19, 1863.
No entry.

November 20, 1863.
I am well taken care of.

November 21, 1863.
Still in Hospital.

November 22, 1863.
No entry.

November 23, 1863.
Got a pass and went to the Fort to see some of our boys. They had went home on furlow.

November 24, 1863.
Went to the fort to stay.

November 25, 1863.
In the fort, they are giving furlows.

November 26, 1863.
Still giving furlows.

November 27, 1863.
Still in the fort.

November 28, 1863.
Still in the fort, they paid off all that was mustered.

November 29, 1863.
Still in the fort.

November 30, 1863.
The weather today is right cold. I am detailed to guard a corral at Qtr Master. Right sore throat.

December 1, 1863.
I am now guarding at Qr Master. John Cook is in charge of the squad. We stand 2 hours every night.

December 2, 1863.
Still at the corral..

December 3, 1863.
No entry.

December 4, 1863.
Out in town.

December 5, 1863.
No entry.

December 6, 1863.
Sunday: Out in town with two counterbans to see their wives.

December 7, 1863.
In camp.

December 8, 1863.
Still in camp.

December 9, 1863.
No entry.

December 10, 1863.
Raining like the thunder.

December 11, 1863.
Moved our tent out of the mud.

December 12, 1863
Still raining a little.

December 13, 1863.
Went out in town and got a cook.

December 14, 1863.
Out in town and had some fun.

December 15, 1863.
In camp, nothing of note.

December 16, 1863.
In camp.

December 17, 1863.
Still in camp.

December 18, 1863.
Out in town.

December 19, 1863.
Nothing of note.


December 20, 1863
Sunday: Still in the fort the negroes praying and shouting.

December 21, 1863.
Went out in the woods and got a load of chips and went to town.

December 22, 1863
In camp, we have a wench cooking for us. We have plenty of fun.

December 23, 1863.
Still in camp.

December 24, 1863.
In camp, the negroes fixing for Christmas.

December 25, 1863.
Christmas: We have plenty of fun, went and got out suppers. Some of the boys got drunk and climbed on the table and raising particular thunder.

December 26, 1863
No entry.

December 27, 1863.
In camp, plenty of fun, snowed a little.

December 28, 1863.
Still snowing. Turned-off our jiney cook for not washing in the morning and mixing bread with cold ice water.

December 29, 1863.
Got another cook, half indian, big as a side of a house.

December 30, 1863.
Still snowing.

December 31, 1863.
New Years, the boys drunk and raising the devil among the negroes.



This is the last day of 1863 and the war is still going on yet. It is hard for us to tell what 1864 will bring forth, but I

hope that it will bring forth an honorable end so the soldier that is now upon the field may put the next New Years in at home, but by that time there will be thousands of us in our graves but we all hope we may get home safe.

Whoever hands this book may fall into I would request of them to send it home to father, post office address Enoch Sears, North Salem, Guernsey Co. Ohio.

The End.


Letters written Home & Glossary of Slang

1864 Diary

1863 Diary

1862 Diary

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80th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
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Created September 24, 2002