Deed of Gift of slaves from his father in Aug of 1769. Probably closer in age to his sister than shown here.
McKinnie was already in Wilkes Co GA to appear in Anthony's District on a 1792 Tax List.
Administrator of father's estate from 1796 until his own death in 1803.
On 8 Jan 1803, McKinnie signed a contract with John Harris & Dudley Sales for a new house. He died before 22 Feb.
Sinthy Holderness made accounting as temporary Administratrix of the estate of McKinney Holderness 22 Feb 1803. Appraisers named on that date. Administration granted 1 Aug 1803. $10,000 bond guaranteed by herself and Francis Powell, John Dyson, Archibald Riddle, Charley Stovall, Jacob Lindsey, Stephen Mallory and John Heard.
Minutes of Inferior Ct 1801-1812, p.34 22 Feb 1803. Sinthy Holderness appt Administrix.
Wilkes Co Deed Book PP, p.59 23 Apr 1796 William & Mary Mitchem to McKinie Holderness. 125 acres on Morris Creek ...up the Augusta Road to Holdernes, part of a grant to James McCammon on 14 Jan 1796. Witness: Drury Williams, David Own. Proved by Drury Williams 12 Apr 1797.
Inventory of his estate 23 Jul 1804. Synthea Holderness, Admx.
GENEALOGICAL ABSTRACTS FROM THE GA JOURNAL [MILLEDGEVILLE] NEWSPAPER, 1809-1840
Sinthy Holderness made an accounting as temporary Administratrix of the estate of McKinney Holderness on 22 Feb 1803. Appraisers were named. Administration granted her of 1 Aug 1803. $10,000 bond guarnteed by herself and the following: Franis Powell, John Dyson, Archibald Riddle, Charley Stovall, Jacob Lindsey, Stephen Mallory & John Heard.
The inventory dated 26 Feb 1803 was for a total of $5,112.00. 24 slaves were included, some from the estate of McKinnie's father James.
Appointed guardian of her minor child, James McKinney Holdiness, orphan of McKinney Holdiness, dec'd, 15 Mar 1804. Isaac McClendon and Francis Powell, Security.
Lewis McLendon became guardian of James after their marriage. On 3 Mar 1806, Lewis McLendon was appointed Administrator of estate of McKinnie Holderness in right of his wife.
In 1805 the GA Land Lottery, Syntha (sic) Holderness was allowed two draws, but she did not draw land either time. "1805 Georgia Land Lottery" Transcribed by Virginia S. & Ralph V. Wood, Greenewood Press, Cambridge, 1964.
In 1804, Cynthia paid taxes on her land as a widow; in 1805 Lewis McClendon paid tax on the land on Fishing Creek - so they were likely married by then.
Who was her family? There were Powells back in Rockingham Co VA and they may have married there. In Wilkes Co GA on 23 Jul 1789 Moses Powell Sr gave land, slaves, goods, etc to be delivered at his death to his sons Moses Powell Jr & Benjamin Powell. (DB DD, p.170) On 6 Feb 1793, Ruth Powell Widow sold land to Jesse Mathews of Columbia Co GA - tract on Little Briere Creek, part of 200 acres granted to Ruth in 1787 [DB LL, p.11] Francis Powell was a neighbor. Nelson Powell bought McKinnie's Washington Co land and served as Administrator of the estate of Lewis McClendon and guardian to James M. Holderness after Lewis died. Nelson married Nancy M. (Williams) Anderson on 19 Dec 1816. She was the daughter of Drury Williams, widow of John Anderson. Nelson Powell was definitely a brother of Cynthia: As early as 1817, Nancy Powell was being paid for making articles of clothing for James M. Holderness. In 1821, Receipt #38 of Nelson Powell's report as guardian to James M. Holderness, referred to clothes made by "your aunt".
From Grace Gillam's Early Records of George, Vol. I, Wilkes County:
Returns 1821-22 Lewis McLendon, dec'd. Nelson Powell, Admr. Paid Benjamin, Nelson & Mary Powell certain sums.
In February of 1828, Cynthia married for the third time to Henry H. Hyde.
From "The McLendons of Carroll County, Georgia and Related Families" by Lois Clouse McLendon. Published for the author by: Gateway Press, Inc, 1001 N. Calvert St, Baltimore, MD 21202 - 1989. The conclusions was reached that Nelson & Benjamin Powell, brothers, as indicated by the will of Nelson Powell, were sons of Cader Powell, in turn the eldest son of Moses Powell who had come to Wilkes Co from North Carolina. Moses did have sons Cader, Lewis, Moses Jr & a Benjamin. His grandchildren, children of these sons are not all identified. Nelson & Benjamin were more or less "assigned" to Cader without proof. The book also concluded correctly that Cynthia Powell was their sister. It was not noted that this family of Moses did not live on Fishing & Morris Creeks as did the Holderness, McClendon & families of Francis, Benjamin & Nelson Powell.
Lawrence Maynard's email of 23 May 2001 included the following dates but no source unless they came from the McLendon book. Henry Hyde died 15 Mar 1831 - this doesn't agree with later documents that show Henry may have still been living in 1838/39. Cynthia said to have died ca 1835 - but the same documents indicate that probably Cynthia, too, was still living in 1838/39. It is likely that Cynthia & Henry may have moved to Meriwether County sometime after the 1830 census along with some of her married sisters.
Francis Powel was in Capt McLenden's Tax "Company" in 1795 - 200 acres on Morriss Crk, adj Bailey & Heard. An application by a descendant for the Revolutionary Pension of Francis Powell states that he was raised in Amherst Co VA and served in the War from Amherst. After his discharge in returned to Amherst but later removed to Wilkes Co GA where he lived until his death.
In 1820 Wilkes Co GA
Then in 1830. All on p.299
In email correspondence with Keith Giddeon <firstname.lastname@example.org> who descends from a Joseph Powell of the approximate age of the above Nelson & Benjamin is the following.
I count 11 children for Francis Powell: Cynthia Powell Hyde, Sarah Powell Wortham, Jane Powell Wortham, Caroline Powell Wells, Thomas Powell, Elizabeth Powell Burdett, Benjamin Powell, Mary Powell, Nancy Powell Jackson & Joseph Powell. Nelson Powell was dec'd, so his children inherited his share - only the daughters, Sarah & Tabitha are named so apparently his son Willis has also died.
Then on 28 Mar 1854, Joseph T. Burdett appeared in the Inferior Court of Wilkes Co, GA to make declaration to obtain a pension for the living children of Francis Powell, dec'd. Joseph declared his age to be 43.
Some conclusions. Cynthia was born between 1780-1790, likely in Amherst Co VA. It's probable that McKinnie Holderness and Cynthia Powell married in Wilkes Co GA. Evidence indicates that both families were in Wilkes Co by 1795. The guardianship records of their son James M. Holderness indicate he was born in the early 1800's, perhaps 1802/1803. I believe that McKinney Holderness, often cited as a brother to James M. was more likely a half-brother. There is no evidence that Cynthia Powell ever had any responsibility for McKinney. Census records of 1850 indicate that McKinney was at least eight years older than James M. The 1850 mortality census records indicate that McKinney was born about 1792. Cynthia may not have been in Wilkes Co by 1792 since her father's first record is 1795. There is never any indication of a relationship between McKinney & James M. in later years. In fact, records in Alabama show that brother McKinney was a land holder as early as 1818 - of more than one tract - so was definitely a man of means by that year and gone from Georgia. Given the fact that Cynthia had eight/nine children by Lewis McClendon between the years of 1805 and 1822 would also indicate a young strong woman, not a woman old enough to have given birth to McKinney as early as 1792.
McKinnie HOLDERNESS and Cynthia POWELL had the following children:
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