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Fifth Generation


223. THOMAS HIGGINBOTHAM95,109 was born about 1820 in Dallas County, Alabama.110 He died after 1880 at the age of 60.

Thomas believed to be the fourth son of William and his first wife.
Born in Dallas Co AL ca 1820 but moved as a young boy to Kemper Co MS. In his early 20s the family moved again - to Bienville Parish LA. He may have married Louisa in MS before moving to LA. All of their children born in LA. After his father died, Thomas and his brother Jackson bought the homplace. In 1856 Thomas sold out to Jackson and moved to Winn Parish, LA. He signed an oath to support the Union on 3 Sep 1863 which may have been unpopular with many of his neighbors and family, particularly since two of his half-brothers, Walker and Perry were killed fighting for the Confederacy. The family moved to Freestone Co TX by the time of the 1870 Census. In 1880, he is found living with his son-in-law William Montgomery in Collin Co TX.

1850 Bienville Parish Census: Thomas, age 30 born in AL; Louisa age 20 born in MS; Frances, age 4 and James J., age 2, both born in Louisiana.

A list of Commission Records, 1852-1880, in Winn Parish, found at the LA State Archives, includes
Higginbotham, Thos. Justice of the Peace, Ward 4, 26 Dec 1857

A List of landowers and the date of their land transaction is at the Winn Parish Court House [the Courthouse has had three fires, 1868, 1885, 1917, so much of any historical data is lost]
Entries to 1887 for Winn Parish, District of Ouachita, Louisiana
Higginbotham, Thomas 1859

By 1860, the family was found in Winn Parish, P.O. Winnfield, Hh 197
Thos. Higginbotham, age 40, b. AL
Louisa H. W. age 29, b. MS
All children born in LA: Frances M. age 14, James J. age 12, Wm. L. age 9, Mary H. age 7, Martha E. age 5, Thomas, age 10 months.

Land Patent, Winn Co LA. Issued 2 Jul 1860. 80 acres
NWNW, S20, T12N, R2W
SENW, S20, T12N, R2W
The Federal Tract Book of Federal Land Entries in Ouachita Land District at the Winn Parish Court House shows the same as above: Higginbotham, Thomas S20, T12, R2W, with the date 28 Dec 1859.

There are no records of Winn Parish during the years of the Civils War. However, there is a tax index book, 1864, by John O. Morris who was tax assessor and collector for both Winn & Jackson Parishes. His grandson had the book and made it available to Harley B. Bozeman who then printed the lists in the Winn Parish Enterprise News-American on Mar 10 & 17, 1960.
Included on this list: Hicombotham [sic], Thomas, Ward 4.

1870 Freestone Co TX Census. p.42; Dwelling 105. T. Higginbotham 57 b. in AL; Louisa 40 born MS; Frances 24, Mary 16, Martha E. 12, Thomas 10, Violetta 9, and Willis 6. All children born in Louisiana.

Non Resident Tax Lists exist in Winn Parish, LA, for 1871 and 1872 - Thomas Higginbotham is listed on these.

1880 Collin Co TX Census with son-in-law William Montgomery and daughter Martha. Age 60, born in AL; both his father and mother born in Virginia. Most of the children in Henderson Co. Hh 206
Wm Montgomery, age 23, farmer, b. MS as were his parents
M. E., 20, wife, b. LA, father b. AL, mother b. MS
A. F., age 1, daughter, b. TX
Jo. Demint, age 25, male, boarder, farm laborer, b. TX
Thos. Higenbottom, age 60, father-in-law, b. AL, parents b. VA

THOMAS HIGGINBOTHAM and LOUISA MCGOWAN were married in 1845.110 LOUISA MCGOWAN was born in 1830 in Mississippi.109,110,111 She died between 1870 and 1880 at the age of 40.

The search for possible parents for Louisa has been fruitless. I have discovered that living in Kemper Co, MS, and enumerated two doors from William Higginbotham and family, was the family of Elijah McCoy - and he had two daughters, one age 5-10 [Louisa would have been about 10 based on her age in later censuses] and one age 15-20. I wonder if the surname has been misunderstood - either by the enumerator, or by descendants.

Mississippi State Censuses [Index only] also show Elijah McCoy in Kemper Co, MS in 1841 and in 1845. By 1850, we find that Elijah is 64, b. in SC and is apparent wife is Charlott, age 55. Probably, a married son, William B., age 32, wife Lavinia, and children are living in the same household with Elijah. Unfortunately all the household is "dittoed" as born in South Carolina, which seems unlikely. Other McCoy relatives appear to be on the same page. There is an Elisha, age 55, also b. in SC with wife Sarah - among their children was an Elijah age 10. John McCoy was 27, born SC - wife seems to be Cancace on Candora, age 21. There are no Louisas among the females in any of the McCoy families.

It is also noted that no McGowans or even remotely similar spellings are found either in the 1840 Kemper Co, MS census, or in the State censuses for that time as indexed on Ancestry. Nor are there any remaining in Kemper Co for the 1850 Census. There is one family in 1850 with the surname "McGaw".

I also looked at the 1850 Slave Schedule. Some 5,378 slaves were in Kemper Co in 1850.
Elijah McCoy owned 14; Elisha owned 12 [Elihu?]; John McCoy had a single slave, a 14-year-old female.

However, there was a James McCown who received a number of land patents in Kemper Co, all dated Feb 27, 1841. He was of Sumpter County, AL and would appear to have been speculating. It is interesting that is the same date that Elijah McCoy took out three land patents in Kemper Co and he was also listed as being "of Sumpter Co AL". The tracts registered at Columbus. May have been the first day the office was open.

1910 Census, Fannie and Vi, living together, both stated that their mother was born in Georgia. She is not in the 1880 census. Thomas was living with a daughter and son-in-law in Collin Co TX. Most of the children living together in Henderson Co. TX

THOMAS HIGGINBOTHAM and LOUISA MCGOWAN had the following children:

263

i.

Frances M. "Fannie" HIGGINBOTHAM107 was born about 1846 in Bienville Parish, Lousiana.107,109

1860 Census - Winn Parish, LA; 1870 - Freestone Co TX; 1880 Henderson Co TX; 1910 - living with sister Vi in Ladonia, Fannin Co TX. She never married.

+264

ii.

James Jackson "Jack" HIGGINBOTHAM.

+265

iii.

William Leroy HIGGINBOTHAM.

+266

iv.

Mary HIGGINBOTHAM.

+267

v.

Martha Elizabeth HIGGINBOTHAM.

268

vi.

Thomas HIGGINBOTHAM was born about 1859 in Winn Parish, Louisiana.107,112

Age given as 18 in 1862.

+269

vii.

LOUISA VIOLETTA HIGGINBOTHAM.

270

viii.

Willis Gibson HIGGINBOTHAM107 was born about April 1864 in Winn Parish, Louisiana.107,112

First appears on the 1870 Census in Freestone Co TX. In 1880 he is in the Henderson Co Census. By 1900 he is listed as a work hand, living in the household of Alexander B. Haynes in Fisher Co TX.