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Fifth Generation

339. Col. John J. HARDIN145 was born on 6 January 1810.4,145 He served in the military in 1832 at 3rd Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade, IL Militia in Black Hawk War. He died on 23 February 1847 at the age of 37 in Buena Vista, Mexico.145 John served in the military in 1847 at 1st Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry in Mexican War.

Service in the Black Hawk War:
The muster roll of Third Regiment, Whiteside's Brigade has the following notes:
"I certify on honor that this Muster Roll exhibits the true state of Captain William B. Smiths Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois Militia on this day..... Signed at Beardstown this 26th day of April 1832." Wm. B. Smith, Commanding the Company
"Mustered and countersigned this 26th of April 1832" John J. Hardin, Inspector and Mustering officer.
Footnotes state that the roll is in the handwriting of John J. Hardin. Another roll includes Hardin as a "High Private" in this unit.
The Black Hawk War 1831-1832, Vol I, Illinois Volunteers; compiled and edited by Ellen M. Whitney, Illinois State Historical Library, Vol. XXXV, Springfield, 1970, p.167

Served in Congress from Illinois. Died in the battle of Buena Vista in Mexico 23 Feb 1847.

Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congrass
HARDIN, John J., (1810 - 1847)
HARDIN, John J., (son of Martin Davis Hardin), a Representative from Illinois; born in Frankfort, Ky., January 6, 1810; pursued classical studies and was graduated from Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky.; studied law; was admitted to the bar in Kentucky in 1831 and commenced practice in Jacksonville, Morgan County, Ill.; served in the Illinois Militia during the Black Hawk War 1831-1832; was brigadier general in command during the Mormon trouble in Hancock County in 1844 and later attained the rank of major general; appointed prosecuting attorney of Morgan County in 1832; member of the State house of representatives 1836-1842; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1843-March 3, 1845); was not a candidate for renomination in 1844; during the Mexican War recruited the First Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, of which he was commissioned colonel; was killed at the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico, February 23, 1847; interment in City Cemetery (East), Jacksonville, Ill.

Col. John J. HARDIN and Sarah Ellen SMITH were married in 1831.4,147 Sarah Ellen SMITH140 was born on 4 July 1811.147

Sarah was the daughter of Horace Smith and Elinor Fulkerson.

1850 Census. Harrodsburg, Mercer, KY, Households not numbered
Sarah Hardin, 38, b. KY
Ellin, 18, b. IL
Martin, 15, b. IL
Lemuel, 10, b. IL

Married Chancellor Walworth of New York after the death of Col. John J. Hardin.

Col. John J. HARDIN and Sarah Ellen SMITH had the following children:



Ellen HARDIN was born on 13 October 1832 in Illinois.147 She died on 23 June 1915 at the age of 82.

Ellen was one of the Four Founders of NSDAR.

Ellen (Hardin) Walworth was born on October 20, 1832 in Jacksonville, Illinois. When she was about 12 years old her father, John Hardin, became a United States Congressman. In 1846, Mr. Hardin entered the army to fight against Mexico and was killed while leading his regiment at the battle of Buena Vista. The family continued to live in Jacksonville until 1851 when Mrs. Walworth’s mother married the Honorable Reuben Hyde Walworth and moved the family to Saratoga Springs, New York.

Mrs. Walworth earned her law degree at New York University and was entitled to practice before the Court of New York and the District of Columbia. In 1852 she married Mansfield Tracy Walworth, her stepfather’s youngest son. Mrs. Walworth opened her home as a boarding and day school after her husband’s death in 1873. The school’s success required her eventually to remodel and enlarge the facilities. Mrs. Walworth continued to live on the property year round until finally the cold New York winters affected her health and she began to make her home in Washington, DC in winter.

One of her earliest public efforts was her moving plea to the members of her local community to contribute to the fund to renovate George Washington’s home, Mount Vernon, in Alexandria, Virginia. Mrs. Walworth wrote constantly on patriotic and historic subjects. She was an authority on the battlefields of Saratoga and also published an account of the Burgoyne campaign. She served as director-general of the Woman’s National War Relief Association of 1898. Mrs. Walworth was the first editor of the official publication of the NSDAR, the American Monthly Magazine, serving from the spring of 1892 until July 1894. Ellen Walworth died on June 23, 1915 and was laid to rest in the family lot at Green Ridge, near Saratoga, New York.



Gen. Martin D. HARDIN4,140 was born on 26 June 1837 in Illinois. He served in the military in 1861–1865 at Brigadier General, USA in Civil War.4 He died in 1923 at the age of 86.

Graduated from West Point. Brigadier General of Union Army in the Civil War. Lost an arm in the War. Became a lawyer in Quincy, IL

Martin Davis Hardin II, Brig General Union volunteers, died in 1923

Union Generals, H to K
Martin Davis Hardin, Brevet Brigadier General
Born June 26, 1837 at Jacksonville IL
USMA 11th in 1859
Wounded at Second Bull Run/Manassas, near Catlett's Station, and along North Anna River
Died December 12, 1923 at St. Augustine FL
Buried National Cemetery, St. Augustine
Martin Davis Hardin was born in Jacksonville, Illinois, on June 26, 1837. He was the grandson of a US Senator; and the son of a militia general, who was killed in the Mexican War. Young Hardin graduated from West Point in 1859, served as an artillery lieutenant in Oregon. When the Civil War began, he was promoted to 1st lieutenant, and was assigned to Col. Henry J. Hunt's staff. Hardin took part in the Peninsula and Seven Days' Campaigns, and led the 12th Pennsylvania Reserves at Groveton. He was wounded at the Second Battle of Bull Run. After leading two other brigades in succession, he returned to his regiment, which he commanded during the Battle of Gettysburg. As a result of his actions at Gettysburg, he was given permanent command of a brigade in the V Corps, leading the brigade in the Bristoe and Mine Run Campaigns. While Hardin was inspecting pickets near Catlett's Station, Confederate guerrillas ambushed him. As a result, Hardin's left arm was amputated, and he could not return to duty until the spring of 1864. Wounded again in operations along the North Anna River, he took time off to recuperate. While he was recovering, he was promoted to brigadier general, on July 2, 1864. When he returned to duty, he was placed in command of the XXII Corps, defending the area north of the Potomac. Brevetted a brigadier general, he remained in the Regular Army when the war ended. Hardin was named major of the 43d Infantry in 1866, and retired four years later because of his war wounds. He went on to study law in Chicago and become successful, becoming active in veterans affairs and writing. Hardin died on December 12, 1923, in St. Augustine, Florida, the last member of his West Point class to die.



Lemuel Smith HARDIN was born in 1840 in Jacksonville, Illinois.252 He died in 1909 at the age of 69 in San Diego, California.252