27. Col. John HARDIN1,2,8,43 was born on 1 October 1753 in Prince William County, Virginia.1,2 He died in May 1792 at the age of 38 in Ohio.1
John was about 12 years old when his family moved to Georges Creek in the Monongahela region of PA. John met and married Jane Davis in Georges Creek.
In 1774, John was an ensign in Dunmore's Division during the Indian War.
Col John Harden: Lt. in Morgan's Rifles, 12th PA, during the Revolution. In 1779 he resigned from the Army and moved his family to KY in 1786. That same year he served as Quartermaster for the Wabash expedition under George Rogers Clark. In 1789 was commanding officer of the militia of Nelson County. Shot by Indians under a flag of truce on mission sent by Gen. Wilkinson in 1792.
The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. p.272
John Hardin served in Morgan's rifle company at the siege of Boston and the expedition to Canada. At the battle of Saratoga, for valuable service, he received the thanks of Gates. He was massacred in 1792.
At least one publication contains the erroneous statement that Col. John and Capt. William Hardin were brothers; they were instead first cousins. The error is is in Kentucky Place Names by Robert M. Rennick, 1988. Hardin Co KY was formed from part of Nelson Co in 1792 and was named for Col. John Hardin. Hardinsburg which is the county seat of Breckinridge Co KY is believed to be the location of Hardin's Station, where Capt. William Hardin first settled in April of 1780.
According to "History of the Hardin Family" John and his brothers Mark & Martin went from Pennsylvania to the Falls of the Ohio in the winter of 1780-81, exploring for several months. They returned briefly to Pennsylvania. In the Fall of 1782, John returned to KY and organized and led the group to the area of what is now Nelson, Washington, Marion & Taylor Counties, where he personally surveyed and laid out tracts of land for each man who decided to settle there. He returned to PA late in 1782.
Supporting John, Mark & Martin's early trip to Kentucky are a number of land patents issued by Virginia when Kentucky was still a county. They warrants were all issued in Jefferson County but the locations on today's maps are in Washington Co KY, formed from Nelson Co in 1792, which had been formed from Jefferson Co in 1784.
Warrant #2001 was issued to John Hardin, 14 Feb 1780 and surveyed 14 Jun 1781. It was for 500 acres on Beech Fork and waters of Pleasant Run adj his preemption and southward, Wm. Stewart's Preemption. The patents was issued 1 Jun 1782, Book G, p.42, Kentucky Grants, Book 1, p.55.
Another part of Warrant #2201 was for 1500 acres. It wwas dated the same day but surveyed 12 Jun 1781. It was on the Waters of Pleasant Run & Cartwright's Creek adj his preemption on the north. Patent issued 1 Jun 1782, Book G, p.33, Kentucky Grants, Book 1, p.35.
The Warrant for John's preemption mentioned above was #931, issued 28 Jun 1780 and surveyed 12 Jun 1781, and was for 1000 acres. Located on Pleasant Run, branch of Beech Fork of Salt River, corner Stewart's Preemption. An accompanying note states that "John Harden is entitled to the preemption of one thousand Acres of Land at the State price in the distrct of Kentucky on account of Marking & improving the same in the year 1775 Lying on Pleasant Run a branch of the Beach fork of Salt River about three miles from the Mouth of the said Run to include a Small Dear Lick on a small branch & his improvement. Signed: 19 Apr 1780 by Willm. Fleming, Stephen Trigg & Edmund Lyne" [This places John in the area some five years earlier than any other documentation.]
These three grants totaled 3000 acres. Grants were issued to his brothers Martin & Mark on the same day. Also a grant was issued to his first cousin Benjamin & Benjamin assigned still another grant to his brother Capt William. Benjamin also apparently obtained warrants for his daughters Katey and Lydia. All of them located in Jefferson Co but what is now Washington Co except for the tract assigned to Capt William which was near Hardin's Station. This was a busy day at the land office for the Hardin family.
Alexandria Gazette, dated 27 oct 1785, carried the following notice:
The subscriber gives notice, that he will locate Lands on the northwest side of the Ohio River, where the Virginia military claims are to be laid, for on-third of the lands, to be divided according to its quality, and will be at the expence of the chain carries and markers. He will also attend to the suveying and seeing the said lands clear of disputes. Any person that inclines to employ him may lodge their warrants with Col. Anderson, with a line directed to me or whosoever superintends that business. If their warrants have not been entered with Col. Anderson, and he not convenient, may direct them to the subscriber living in Washington Co, Pennsylvania, to the care of Mr. Donaldson in Winchester.
He flatters himself, that from his extensive knowledge of the western country and his attention to the business, it will be in his power to execute every gentleman's business much to their advantage and satisfactions.
October 10, 1785 JOHN HARDEN
John brought his own family out to Kentucky about 1786, settling in what is now Washington County.
Will dated 22 Jul 1788, proved 4 Apr 1793, Washington Co KY WB A, p.4.. Wife Jane. Sons, Martin, Mark & Davis. Dau: Sarah & Mary. Executors were his wife and brothers, Mark & Martin. Wit: Samuel Robertson, John Hardin, Mary Robertson.
A court case in 1801, which continued to 1807, named the following heirs: Sarah the wife of the Rev. Barnabas McHenry, Mark, Martin D., and Davis Hardin; Jane the wife of Christopher Irvin [the widow], Polly & Rosanna Hardin. Rosanna had not been born when the will was written.
Dau Mary "Polly" married Andrew Barnett and left no children.
From Serial Set 808 H.rp.120
H.R. Bill #783. Case of Heirs of Col. John Hardin
23 Feb 1855
Private Relief Action; House Committe on Military Affairs:
Mr. Faulkner made the report. Described was the military history of Col John Hardin. He first served as an ensign in a militia company in 1774 of Gov. Dunmore of Virginia against the Indians. He was afterwards in the company of Capt. Zack Morgan; during an engagement with the Indians he was wounded in the groin by a ball which was never extracted. He joined the regular army as a 2nd lieutenant attached to Morgan's rifle corps; resigned as a 1st lieutenant in 1779. He went to Kentucky, 1780, located land but returned to his old home and moved his family to Kentucky in 1786. He was afterwards quartermaster in the Wabash expedition under Gen. Clark. In 1789 depredations committed by the Indians induced him to cross the Ohio with a strong band of militia and defeat a band of Shawnee Indians. He was in every Indian expedition formed after his arrival in Kentucky, except that of Gen. St. Clair, from which he was prevented joining on account of having accidentally wounded himself. In 1792, the hostile Indians northwest of the Ohio became trouble and commited so many outrages that the government attempted to make peace with them. Col. John Hardin was selected by Gen. Wilkinson then the commander at Ft. Washington. He was shot to death in this attempt. His heirs were before Congress, claiming the sum of $200 per annum, from the date of his death in 1792, to that of his widow in 1829. Gen. Wilkinson made of promise to Col. John Hardin which Hardin alluded to in a letter to his wife that said "should I fall a sacrifice in this important attempt, the General has promised me to be your steady friend, and that your yearly supply from government shall not be less than two hundred dollars during your natural life". The original letter was exhibted by Hon. Richard H. Stanton, of KY.
The letter had not been known to his children until the last 12 years. On the 27 Feb 1793, an act of Congress did approve giving his widow and orphan children $450 per annum for seven years. Again in 1800, Congress passed a law giving to each of his sons and daughters the sum of $100 per annum until they reach the age of 21. The last payment was made on 23 Mar 1812, at which time the widow & children had received $5,520.94. The sum of $200 from the date of his death to the end of the widow's life was have been $7,400. The government has never fully cancelled the obligation clearly due to them. The committee support a bill giving the heirs the difference.
Col. John HARDIN and Jane DAVIS were married about 1773 in Georges Creek, Pennsylvania.1,2 Jane DAVIS2 died on 31 May 1829.2
After the death of Col. John, Jane married (2) Christopher Irvin.
Col. John HARDIN and Jane DAVIS had the following children:
|Martin Davis HARDIN.|
|Mark HARDIN2,44 was born on 14 March 1782 in Pennsylvania.45 He died on 10 March 1875 at the age of 92.2 |
Mark married (1) 14 Oct 1806 to Mary Moore Adair and (2) on 14 Feb 1815 to Elizabeth Logan Hall. He was a lawyer.
A Mark Hardin of Shelby Co KY had a patent dated 23 Oct 1819, Certificate #1007 granted to John Fike on the East side of the Big Whipporwill River in Logan Co KY. He sold this property to Stephen Rutherford of Logan Co on 18 Oct 1820. Logan Co Deed Book I/J, p.18
|Davis HARDIN2 was born on 5 April 1784 in Pennsylvania.2 He died on 14 October 1846 at the age of 62.2 |
Davis married Elizabeth Williams Simpson.
|Mary "Polly" HARDIN2,4 was born on 7 July 1786.2 |
Polly married Wallace Estill and is believed to have died before 1823.
|Lydia Ann HARDIN was born on 28 December 1788 in Kentucky.2 She died on 11 February 1790 at the age of 1.2|