433. WILLIAM FRANKLIN HADEN92,218,638,639,640,641,642,643,644,645,646,647 was born on 30 September 1817 in Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky.648,649,650,651 He served in the military in 1864 at Jailed at Fort Smith, AR in Civil War.652 He died on 8 September 1880 at the age of 62 in Ladonia, Fannin County, Texas.650
If the dates for John Haden's death and the birth of William Franklin are correct, W. F. was born about seven months posthumously. Family writings also give the year of 1817.
Logan County Court Records, Book 7 p.241 April Term 1820: Guardian of William and his brother John was first their uncle Joseph.
Logan County Court Records, Book 8 p.409 Dec Term 1828: After Joseph's death guardian became Cardwell Breathitt at the written instructions of Sam'l D. Sublett & Margaret C. Sublett (his mother). The Subletts are found in the 1830 Census in Logan County, KY, with male children of an age to possibly be John and William F. and also several younger children.
Logan Co Deed Book L, p.244f 5 Jan 1822 [Actually 1821]. The heirs of Wm Haden decd, settled with Samuel who had land laid off by his father & surveyed, but title had not been made. Samuel had also received personal property and negroes. He gives up further claims to the estate & pays the heirs $500 for all property and the 271 acres of land adjoing William Haden Jr & Clark's Military Survey on the Black Lick fork of the Gasper River. Signees are: James Haden, Thomas Procter for himself and as guardian of the children of his former wife Sally Haden decd, William Whitsitt for himself and as guardian of the children of his late wife Milly Haden dec'd, William Haden, Lowry Bishop as guardian of Benjamin R. Haden a grandson, Joseph Haden, Joseph Haden as guardian for John & William sons of John Haden decd, William Porter, Nancy J. Porter, John Wilson, Polly Wilson, Sally Haden, guardian for Sally Haden her daughter. Nancy J. Porter & Polly Wilson relinquished their Dower in Butler Co on Jan 30. [Although this deed was dated 1822, the Dower release was 1821, which I believe is the correct year based on other events.] Acknowledged by Spencer Curd, Logan Co clerk on 3 Mar 1823.
NOTE: William Whitsitt's Milly is referred to as his LATE wife, while Thomas Procter's Sally is his FORMER wife - Thomas has remarried, William probably has not.
Logan Co WB D
p.288 In relation to guardianship for John & Wm Haden, I make the following report. Two Negroes, Green & _____ put in the hand of Mr. Sublett for the maintenance of the children for year 1829. In a suit in chancery in the Logan Circuit Court amongst the heirs of Wm Haden deceased there was allotted to the said heirs of J. M. Haden the sum of $1287.61. Suit is now in the court of appeals and a Super sedus has been granted, result cannot now be stated. Some Negroes had been sold in that suit & notes to the amount of $951.76 came into my hands. It is uncertain whether the said heirs will be entitled to the procedds as that depends upon the opinion of the court of appeals. Should the case be affirmed that amount will be in my hands. Of the other $335.85 as in the hands of the Admin do bonos non, Wm Haden, he has paid me which will also be in my hands in case the Judgement is affirmed. There was also a decree in Logan Circuit Court agt. Jas. Haden admr for the Sum of $560.09 that is enjoined by Jefferson Haden and no part of it has been recorded. Sworn to according to law. Card. Breathitt
5 Apr 1830. Report was exhibited & ordered to be recorded.
Logan Co DB W, p.130
5 Oct 1836 William L. F. Slaughter to William F. Haden for $300. Begin at post oak on Clarks Military line, black walnut in Thos. Buckannons line. 200 acres. Signed: Wm. L. F. Slaughter.
Wit: Saml D. Sublett, C. J. Sublett Jr [prob Samuel's brother Charles, Jr. - their father was Charles J. Sublett Sr.]
Proved by the Subletts on 28 Oct 1838. Rec. 18 Jan 1839
[Wm L. F. Slaughter was a son of Arthur Slaughter and grandson of James Slaughter]
Found possible earlier marriages for Wm F: Warren County KY, Wm Haden married Elizabeth J. Proctor on 11 September 1837, solemnized by D. L. Mansfield, also Wm. F. Hayden to Mary A. Gaines on June 13, 1837, solemnized by D. L. Mansfield. The marriage to Elizabeth J. Proctor is also recorded in Logan County KY and is another William Haden, possible son of Samuel H. Haden of Simpson Co. Young William Haden and wife Elizabeth appear in the 1850 Logan Co Census, The two Williams of so near the same age would have been 1st cousins. An earlier marriage would explain the two girls listed in 1850 & 1860 Censuses. Note that the older girl in the census records may have been named "Elizabeth". The younger of the two girls from the first marriage married Sydney Hudson in Missouri - they moved to Texas with the rest of the family. Later the Hudsons relocated to Colorado - a descendant believes the marriage to Mary A. Gaines to be the correct one. I have never located the Elizabeth/Margaret after the 1860 Census. Most of the marriage records from that area of Missouri were destroyed in the Civil War.
Sandi Gorin gives date of 10 June 1837 instead of 13 June - possibly the Bond date, for marriage to Mary M. A. Gaines. States Mary was the daughter of Elizabeth B. Gaines.
In 1840 Logan County KY Census: William Hadon 1 m age 20-30 (he was 23); 1 f under 5, 1 f age 15-20. (This adds more to the theory he had had an earlier marriage and two small daughters when he married Mary Jane Perkins. However, this could also be the William Haden found still living in Logan County in 1850 when William F. was in Greene Co MO.) No William Haden appears in the 1840 Warren Co Census Index but I have not yet examined that census for myself and traditionally the daughter that married Sydney Hudson was born in Bowling Green, Warren Co. It is also quite possible that the family had set out for Missouri before 1840 as the following deeds indicate the selling of the Logan Co lands.
Logan Co Deed Book W, p.553
This Indenture made and entered into this 17th day of January in the year 1839 between William F. Haden of the county of Logan & State of Kentucky of the one part and Samuel D. Sublett of the county and state aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth That the said William F. Haden for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred dollars currant money of Kentucky to him in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold and by these presents doth grant bargain sell and confirm to the said Samuel D. Sublett his heirs and assigns all and every part of the patrimonial and undivided interest in and to two hundred acres of land of which John M. Haden died seized & possessed on which the said Samuel D. Sublett now lives the same situate and lying on the waters of Gaspers River in the count & state aforesaid Except fifteen acres of said Land which the said William F. Haden hath sold and conveyed unto Elijah Callis. Together with all and Singular the premises thereto belonging or in any wise appertaining to Have and To Hold the land hereby conveyed with appurtenances unto the said Samuel D. Sublett his heirs and assigns forever and the said William F. Haden the aforesaid land and premises unto the said Samuel D. Sublett his heirs and assigns against the claim or claims of all and every person whatsoever and the said William F. Haden doth and will forever defend. In Witness whereof the said William F. Haden Hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day & date above written. William F. Haden [Seal]
Teste: Thos. Blakey, Samuel Hutchison
Kentucky, Logan County Ct
We Samuel Hutcheson & Thos Blakey two of the commonwealth Justices of the Peace for sd county do certify that Mary Martha Ann Haden the wife of the within named William F. Haden personally appeared before us who being examined privily and apart from her husband as the law directs voluntarily with her own free will and consent relinquished her right of dower to the premises conveyed by this deed and the same is certified to the clerk of the county court for the county of Logan for record where the land lies. Given under our hands & seals this 5th day of February 1840.
Saml. Hutchison, JPLC Thos Blakey, JPLC
I Marmaduke B. Morton as clerk of the said Logan County court do hereby certify that this deed from William F. Haden and Martha Ann his wife to Samuel D. Sublett was this day proved before me in my office by the oaths of Thomas Blakey and Samuel Hutcheson two subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said Wm F. Haden. Whereupon the same together with the certificate thereon and this certificate hath been duly admitted to record in my office. Given under my hand this 24th day of February 1840. M. B. Morton
Logan Co Deed Book W, p.554
This Indenture made and entered into this ____ day of ____ in the year 1840 between William F. Haden of the County of Logan and State of Kentucky of the one part and Elijah Callis of the county of Logan and state of Kentucky of the other part. Witnesseth that the said William F. Haden for & in consideration of the sum of six hundred dollars currant money of Kentucky to him in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained & sold & by these presents doth grant bargain sell and confirm unto the said Elijah Callis his heirs and assigns all that tract or parcel of land situate and being in the county of Logan and on the waters of Gaspers River containing 215 acres more or less and bounded as follows. Viz. Beginning at two post oaks supposed to be on Clarks Military West boundary line running thence N25' E 283 pole to a post oak on said military line thence S 58'W80 poles to a post oak thence N 75' W 182 poles to a black oak, post oak & hickory thence S13'E 45 poles to two Spanish oaks in T. Buckhannons line thence S78'W24 poles to a stone & two dogwood & red bud pointers thence S 13' E 100 poles to three black Jacks thence N 78' E 24 poles to a post oak & 2 small hickories thence S 42' E 136 poles to the beginning. Together with all and singular the premises thereto belonging or in any wise appertaining. To have & To Hold the land hereby conveyed with appurtinancies unto the said Elijah Callis his heirs and assigns forever. And the said William F. Haden for himself his heirs executors and administrators the aforesaid tract of land and Premises unto the said Elijah Callis his heirs and assigns against the calim or claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever and the said William F. Haden doth and will forever defend by these presents. In Witness hereof the said William F. Haden doth hereunto set his hand and seal the day & date first above written.
William F. Haden [Seal]
Test: Saml Hutcheson
Kentucky Logan County Ct
We Samuel Hutcheson and Thos. Blakey two of the commonwealth Justices of the peace for sd county do certify that Mary Martha Ann Haden the wife of the within named Wm F. Haden this day personally appeared before us who being examined privily and apart from her husband as the law directs voluntarily with her own freewill an consent relinquished her right of dower to the premises conveyed by this deed and the same is certified to the clerk of the county court for the county of Logan for record where the land lies. Given under our hands and seals this 5th day of February 1840.
Saml Hutcheson JPLC Thos Blakey JPLC
I, Marmaduke B. Morton, as clerk of the said Logan County court do hereby certify that this deed from William F. Haden & Martha Ann his wife to Elijah Callis was this day proved before me in my office by the oaths of Thos Blakey & Saml. Hutcheson two subscribing witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of said Wm F. Haden. Whereupon the same together with the certificate thereon and this certificate hath been duly admitted to record in my office. Given under my hand this 24th day of February 1840. M. B. Morton
The following deed of gift suggests that William F. first took his family to Jasper Co MO, where his brother John M. also lived.
Greene Co MO, DB E, p. 30-31 Deed of Gift
Know all men by these presents that I Margaret C. Sublett of the County of Logan and State of Kentucky for and in consideration of the sum of $1 to me in hand paid, and the further consideration of the Natural affection I bear to my Daughter in law Mary Jane Haden, my grandchildren Elizabeth Margaret Haden, Sarah Mildred Haden and Mayetta Clay Haden of Jasper County in State of Missouri [the first two girls are the daughters of the first wife; Jasper Co is where William F.'s brother John was also living] I hereby give and grant to my said Daughter in law, and grandchildren and any other children my said Daughter in law may have the sum of Two hundred dollars to be vested in the hands of Trustee herein named and by him vested in Cattle and their future increase to be held and used by said trustee for the sole use and benefit of my said Daughter in law and my said grandchildren forever, and the use and benefit of no other person or persons whatsoever as it is expressly and agree that no other person is to be benefitted thereby and I do by these presents constitue and appoint my son William F. Haden trustee to carry into effect the object and design expressed in this Deed. In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 16th day of August 1848. Signed: Margaret C. Sublett
Wit: John W. Price, James W. (X) Sublett [oldest son of Margaret & her 2nd husband]
I William F. Haden agree to act as Trustee under the provision of the above deed and bind myself to discharge said trust faithfully and agreeably to the requisistions in said deed. Given uner my hand and seal this 16th day of August 1848.
Signed: W. F. Haden
Witness: John W. Price, James Sublett
State of KY, Logan Count Sct. I Marmaduke B. Morton as Clerk of the said Logan Co Court being a Court of Record do hereby certify that this deed of gift from Margaret C. Sublett to Mary Jane Haden and her children at a County Court held for Logan Co at the Court house in Russelville on the 18th day of August 1848 produced and proven in open Court by the oaths of John W. Price and James W. Sublett subscribing Witnesses thereto to be the act and deed of the said Margaret C. Sublett, the said John W. Price and James W. Sublett being personally know to me to be respectable citizens of this County and the instrument signed by William F. Haden at the bottom of said deed of gift was at the same time and place in the same manner proven in Open Court by the same Witnesses to be the act and deed of William F. Haden. In testimony of which I hereto set my name affix the seal of said County Court this 28th day of Aug 1848 and in the 57th year of the Commonwealth.
Marmaduke B. Morton, Clerk of Logan County Court.
Thos. Blakey, JP of Logan Co KY certified that M. B. Morton was the clerk.
21 Dec 1848. Recorded in Greene Co, Missouri by Joshua Davis, Recorder.
5th Jany 1846
I do certify that I solemnized the rites of Matrimony between William F. Hayden (sic) and Mary Jane Perkins on the 16th day of December 1845. R. A. Huffard, J.P.
Recorded 9th Jany 1846
J. Davis, Recorder
Greene Co MO
First land transaction I could find for W. F. in Missouri is recorded in "US Land Sales in Springfield Land Office Abstracts: June 1835-Feb 1846" - this was the same land patented to W. F. on 3 Apr 1848, but apparently recorded in the Land Office between 1 Mar 1845 and 28 Feb 1846. Joseph D. Haden and James W. Blakey also purchased land during the same time period. Did they come to Missouri together? Joel H. Haden had patents entered in 1837; Rezin Haden and his family in 1839.
Land Patents from Springfield Land Office: 40 acres to William Hyden (sic) of Greene County dated 3 Apr 1848 - NW 1/4 of NW 1/4 S27, T29, R20; 40, 41.87 and 41.18 acres to William F. Haden 15 May 1857, all in S5, T28, R22 - these plats are all in Greene County. 40 acres on 1 Jun 1859 in S25, T27, R24 - Christian County. Also in Greene Co Deeds: William Russel & Jane his wife to William Haden: 79 acres, NW fractional qtr of S30, T27, R23; dated 24 Dec 1851 - this land also lies in Christian County - they possibly moved from Greene County at this time.
1849/50 "Gold Fever struck Greene County residents...." Named Dr. C. Perkins, Jacob & Moses Proctor among others. W. F. was not there but family tradition says he did go to California but found no gold. He had momentos from California that his son J.B. would show to his grandson John Haden.
1850 Census, Greene County, MO (Farmer in Polk Twp.) shows two girls living with Wm.F. & Mary Jane - Margarette, age 13 and Sarah M. age 12, both born in Kentucky and does not list a separate surname for them. They are too old to be Mary Jane's children, they were the daughters of his first wife, Mary Martha Ann Gaines. They were still with William & Mary Jane in 1860 Census, although the older girl was listed as Elizabeth then and their ages are 20 and 18. The deed of gift from their grandmother identifies the two girls as Elizabeth Margaret and Sarah Mildred, and also mentions Maryetta Clay.
July, 1854. Served on Jury.
Tax Assessor's List for 1856:
Hayden, Wm. F. 2 horses; 9 cattle; 40 acres in S6 T20, R22 [one of patents in 1848]; 40 acres in S5 T28 R22. Total assessment was $770.
1860 Census, found in Christian County, MO (Polk Twp.), P.O. Ozark, Hh 677
Wm F. Haden, 44, b. KY
Mary, 34, b. KY [then the whole family is dittoed as born KY, which was an error]
Elizabeth 20, Sarah 16, Mary 13, Jno. W. 9. James C. 7, Olive M. 5 [marked as "male"], Virginia 3, Joseph 1.
Circuit Court Case: Greene Co Book F, Aug Term 1863. Bank of MO against John Dixon, William F. Haden & William Stewart. Defendants did not answer so found confessed of $400 debt + $61 Damage. Land described as John Dixon's ordered to be sold as necessary to satisfy execution. One piece of property is NW 1/2 of NW 1/4 of Sect 30, Twp 27, Range 23 - this is either the land Haden bought from Russell in 1851 or abuts it; the deed says "Lot No. One of the North West fractional quarter of S30, T27, R23".
Said to have fought in the Civil War. According to W. C. Haden, his great- grandfather was imprisoned in Ft. Smith, AR, during the Civil War for spying and was pardoned by Abraham Lincoln just before his hanging. Upon release he went to Texas to join his wife and family. [Since Abe Lincoln was dead by the end of the War this doesn'tt seem to be quite correct, but perhaps William was pardoned before that time.]
For the years 1866-1868 W. F. Haden was on the tax rolls of Lamar Co. TX He apparently never purchased land in that county, but he had several horses and by 1868, his herd of cattle numbered 11.
1870 Census, Precinct #3, Fannin Co TX, p.249, Household 176
William Haden, age 59, Farmer, Value of real estate $2800, value of pers prop $900, b. KY. Mary J. age 43, Keeping house, b. KY. James age 18, works on farm, b. MO, Olive age 15, b. MO, Virginia 13, b. MO, Joseph 11, b. MO, Lore [Laura] age 8, b. MO, Emma age 5, b. Texas.
[Cordova was omitted - she was born September of 1870.]
One of William's daughters by his first wife was living next door with her husband.
Sidney Hudson, age 32, b. NC. Sarah, 31, b. KY. Mary age 7. Lore [Laura] age 2, both girls born in MO.
Then the next household 178
Willy B. Merrill, age 23, b. Texas. Ellen, age 23, b. KY
Willy, age 3, b. TX HADEN, age 3 months, b. TX.
Wiley was a descendant of William Haden of North Carolina - a 4th cousin to the children of William Franklin Haden. The families had divided in the 1760's. Did they have any idea they were kin?
In 1870, W. F. Haden, first appeared on the Fannin Co tax rolls. He is shown with 40 acres from John Dosier and 160 acres from Hay/May. He had 3 horses, 10 head of cattle. The following year, W. F. Haden reported 90 acres, granted in the name of Justis Jernigan, Abstract #356. In 1872, he reported 190 acres from Jernigan and 20 acres from Hobbs, abstract #338. This would be consistent with his son Joseph's account that the family moved to Fannin County in 1869. Joseph also reported that his father bought land just west of Pecan Gap in 1870. He stated they moved from the farm into Ladonia in 1876.
He purchased a house in Ladonia 1880; Lot 6 plus other lots in the "Nail Addition". House built in 1863 by D. B. Morrell, a Baptist minister This was a lot once owned by Frances McCowan (likely the man McCowansville, later Ladonia, was named for) and then Elijah Dupree who originally laid out the town. All four sons were born in this home and it became a Texas Historical Medallion Home in 1965.
1880 Census. Precinct 4, Fannin Co TX, Sheet 414A, Hh 46
W. F. Haden, age 68, merchant, b. KY, father b. VA, mother b. KY
M. J. age 53, wife, b. KY, parents b. VA
O. V., age 24, daughter, seamstress, b. MO
J. B., age 20, son, C. G. Store [clerk, general store], b. MO
Cordia, age 9, daughter, b. TX, attends school
Wife Mary Jane later owned the house across the street from where son Joseph B. built his Victorian "mansion" in 1895. I don't know if they moved to this house before William F. died or she bought it later.
The State of Texas
Fannin County I, W. F. Haden being of sound mind but of feeble health, and being upon the end of leaving home, in hopes thereby to recuperate my failing health, do make this my last will and testament. 1st I do hereby bequeath or give to my wife M. J. Haden all the property and money that is coming to me or to us jointly, after the payment of all our just debts. And the said M. J. Haden is hereby authorized and empowered to use said property and money as she may think proper, for the support of herself and family -- And she the said M. J. Haden is to have full power to Sell the real estate and to pass good, and sufficient title, if she shall think best.
And it is my wish and desire that the foregoing instrument shall be admitted to record and take effect in event I the undersigned shall not live or so soon as I shall die.
As witness my hand and Seal this 22d July 1879. W. F. Haden
Signed in presence of W. T. Weldon, W. G. Nunny
Grave Marker: W. F. HADEN; SEP 30, 1817 - SEP 9, 1880
WILLIAM FRANKLIN HADEN and Mary Martha Ann GAINES were married on 13 June 1837 in Warren County, Kentucky.125 Mary Martha Ann GAINES, daughter of ??? GAINES and Elizabeth B. [GAINES], died before 1843. William F. Haden remarried in 1843.
Found two possible earlier marriages for Wm F: Warren County KY, Wm Haden married Elizabeth J. Proctor on 11 September 1837, solemnized by D. L. Mansfield, also Wm. F. Hayden to Mary A. Gaines on June 13, 1837, solemnized by D. L. Mansfield. The marriage to Elizabeth Proctor was also recorded in Logan Co and the 1850 Logan Co Census reveals a William Haden with a wife Elizabeth - William Franklin was already in Missouri and married to Mary Jane Perkins by 1850. Interestingly the marriage to Mary Jane in Missouri was also recorded as Wm. F. "Hayden".
In 1839, when William F. Haden sold his land in Logan Co, his wife Mary Martha Ann Haden relinquished dower.
WILLIAM FRANKLIN HADEN and Mary Martha Ann GAINES had the following children:
|Elizabeth Margaret HADEN was born about 1838 in Kentucky. |
The marriage records for much of this area of Missouri were lost during the Civil War. In 1860, Elizabeth's younger sister was counted both in the household of their father and with her new husband, Sydney Hudson. I think, given Elizabeth's age, there is a good chance she was also married before 1860.
I did find one Elisabeth in Christian Co in 1860, of the proper age, and born in Kentucky. She was living in Benton Twp, but the P.O. was Ozark, the same as her father's.
James Mullens, age 27, b. KY
Elisabeth, 21, b. KY
John, 5, b. KY [if this is true, than this is not the correct Elisabeth - her family had been in Missouri for about 15 years]
Stephen, age 3
they are next door to an older Mullens couple - Jacob, age 54, and Polley age 51, probably the parents of James.
In 1870, the above family was in Oakwood Township, Vermillion Co, Illinois, Hh 166
James Mullins, 36, b. KY., farmer. Elizabeth 30, b. KY
John 15, b. KY. Stephen, 13, b. Indiana [not, he was born in Missouri]
Calvin 9 and William 4, born in Indiana
Jacob L. age 1, b. Illinois
|Sarah Mildred HADEN.|
WILLIAM FRANKLIN HADEN and MARY JANE PERKINS were married on 16 December 1845 in Wilson's Creek, Greene County, Missouri.294,653 MARY JANE PERKINS654,655,656, daughter of JOHN PERKINS and MARY JANE "POLLY" DUNLAVY, was born on 14 August 1826 in prob Logan County, Kentucky.650,651 She died on 30 January 1918 at the age of 91 in Ladonia, Fannin County, Texas.650
Letter from Joseph B. Haden to Mary Alice (Haden) Womack dated Feb 27, 1936:
"My mother, who was a Perkins before she married my father, was also born in Kentucky, though her parents, John Perkins and his wife, who was a Dunlavy, were born and brought up in Richmond, Virginia. Your great-great-grandfather Perkins was a merchant in Richmond about 150 years ago."
In 1900, Mary J. Haden was still living in her own home across the side street from her son Joseph B. Two of the children of her deceased daughter Virginia Jones were living with her. Emma Jones was born May 1886, age 20 - her father b. NC and her mother b. in MO. Horace Jones, was 14, b. Jun 1886 and listed "at school".
1910 Census. M. J. Haden, mother-in-law, age 83, born in Kentucky, parents both born in Virginia, was living in the home of her daughter Olive and husband B. F. Blakeney in Bonham.
Sent from Rosemary Marcum:
Fannin County, Bonham Directory - 1910
Haden, Mary J. (w W. F.)
r. 306 W. 10th t. 359-2
Will of Mary J. Haden dated 25 Mar 1912. Written in Durant, Bryan County, OK. Bequest to grandchildren by daughter M. C. Haden-Dickson $400 to be shared equally. Estate to be divided: 1 share to J. W. Haden; 1 share to J. C. Haden; 1 share to J. B. Haden; 1 share to Olive Haden Blakeney; 1 share to Alice Jones, Emma Jones Hyde & Horace Jones in equal proportions [children of deceased daughter Virginia]; 1 share to Cordova Haden Pickens. All household and wearing apparel to Olive and Cordova. Executors: sons, J. B. Haden of Ladonia and J. W. Haden of Bonham.
WILLIAM FRANKLIN HADEN and MARY JANE PERKINS had the following children: