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42. Sarah HADEN1 was born about 1756.1 She died before 1790 at the age of 34.

Irene Cook gives Sarah as possible child of Joseph because Sarah and Richmond Pearson often signed for Joseph, Sr. on legal documents and Richmond continued to do so after Sarah died. Joseph does not name a Sarah in his will, nor her children, but they wouldn't need anything since Pearson was very well off and Sarah was already deceased. Most of the early estimates of Joseph's age make him younger than I believe he was - if he married Elizabeth Hundley about the time of his father's gift of 200 acres, November 1756, then usually estimated years for the birth of Sarah and her marriage to Pearson become plausible.

Marriage of Sarah Haden & Richmond Pearson took place in Goochland County VA, 1772. "Both of Albemarle County". It is recorded in The Douglas Register. The birth of their first child, Betsey, was also recorded the the Register.
Sarah was probably at least 16 when she married so she might have been born in 1756, about the time of the gift of land from Anthony Haden to his son Joseph.

An old book, Historical Sketches of North Carolina from 1584-1851, by John Hill Wheeler, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1851, p.385, had this to say about Richmond Pearson's wife, "By his first wife, Miss Hayden, he had three sons, Jesse A. Pearson, Joseph and Richmond Pearson, and Betsey, who married Hon. John Stokes.

Rowan Co NC Will Abstracts, Vol. 1 1753-1805 Books A-F
Jo White Linn, 1970
Vol II 1805-1850 Books G-K
1971
Bound together - separate indexes
p.32
B:173 Elisabeth Stokes Nuncupative will; she departed this life, 16 Mar 1791. Benefic: Sarah Pearson.
Wit: Richmond Pearson, Elizabeth (x) Pearson
Images of this will reveal that she gave a Negro girl about age 5, named Mary, to Sarah Pearson. The only disposition made. This is curious. Richmond's marriage to Eliza Mumford did not take place until later in 1791. She is never referred to as Elizabeth, only Eliza. If Sarah Haden Pearson was living in March of 1791, to be the beneficiary, Richmond stayed unmarried only a few months - and it's curious who Elizabeth, the witness, was. Betsey, daughter of Richmond, was likely an Elizabeth, but she's thought to be the Betsey Pearson that married John Stokes in 1788 - Stokes died in 1790. This would seem to be Richmond's daughter dying, probably without issue - her husband had died the year previous.

Sarah HADEN and Richmond PEARSON were married on 5 November 1772 in Goochland County, Virginia.158 Richmond PEARSON, son of ??? [PEARSON], served in the military in 1776 at Served as a Lt, NC Militia in Revolutionary War. He died before August 1819.

Historical Sketches of North Carolina from 1584-1851, by John Hill Wheeler, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1851, p.385
Richmond Pearson, late of Davie, when it was Rowan, was born in Dinwiddie County, Virginia, in 1770 [this date is impossible and should likely be more like 1750] and at the age of nineteen came to North Carolina and settled in the forks of the Yadkin.
When the war of the Revolution broke out he was a Lieutenant in Capt Bryan's company (afterwards the celebrated Col. Bryan, of Tory memory).
After the Declaration of Independence, at the first muster which occurred, he requested some in whom he could rely to load their guns. When Capt. Bryan came on the ground, he ordered all the men into ranks. Pearson refused, and tendered his commission to Bryan. Bryan ordered him under arrest. This was resisted, and he was told that the men had their guns loaded. Whereupon they came to a parley and it was agree by the crowd, as matters then stood, the Bryan and Pearson, on a day fixed, should settle this national affair by a fair fist fight, and whichever shipped, the company should belong to the side of the conqueror, Whig or Tory. At the time and place the parties met, and the Lieutenant was victor.
From this time the Fork company was for liberty, and Bryan's crowd, on Dutchman's Creek, were Loyalists. This anecdote illustrates by what slight circumstances events of the period were affected.
When Cornwallis came south, Pearson, with his company, endeavored to harass his advance, He was present on the first of February, 1781, when General Davidson fell, and witnessed the fall of that brave and meritorious officer. He was a successful merchant and enterprising planter. He effected the navigation of the Yadkin, from his mills, on the South Yadkin, to the narrows, and from thence, by land, below Grassy Islands, thence, by water, to Sneedsboro, which was then a rival to Cheraw. He died in 1819.
By his first wife, Miss Hayden, he had three sons, Jesse A. Pearson, Joseph and Richmond Pearson, and Betsey, who married Hon. John Stokes...

Found online. Notes of Samuel Bryan whose brother William married Mary Boone, sister to Daniel Boone. Samuel was the only member of his family, loyal to the Crown.
In the summer of 1775 the residents of Rowan County's Yadkin Valley divided into factions over the crisis with England . Samuel Bryan, an owner of a significant plantation along the Yadkin River that included a mill, tavern, ferry, and fishery, was among the first prominent citizens to openly declare his allegiance to the crown. He and 194 other residents of Rowan and Surry counties sent an address of loyalty to the royal Governor Josiah Martin in the fall of 1775 . Shortly thereafter, Governor Martin charged Bryan and other loyalist leaders to embody their militias to support him and the crown. Bryan claimed to have raised a "great number of loyalists" and prepared to march them to Cross Creek (Fayetteville) to join the loyalist forces. According to legend, one of Bryan's subordinates, a Lt. Richmond Pearson, challenged his authority to use the militia to support the royal governor. A brawl ensued. Bryan lost the fight and many men of the company threw their support to the Whig cause. Nevertheless, Bryan, who still held considerable prestige among many men in the area, and his remaining followers, marched to Cross Creek where they joined the gathering loyalist army. The loyalists attempted to force their way to the seacoast and anticipated British relief. Converging Whig forces, however, routed the loyalist army on February 27, 1776 at Moores Creek Bridge. Many of Bryan's men were captured. Bryan, however, and a number of his followers escaped capture and made their way back to Rowan County . He and his followers spent the next year in hiding "in Obscure corners of the Country."

Pension Application of Jacob Trout - S1780
Rowan Co, NC Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Aug 1832. 20 Aug 1832, appeared Jacob Trout age about 83 years. Entered the service of U.S. under Captain Haden [Douglas Haden], in the Regt commanded by Col. William Loftin under General Rutherford. He served six moths and was marched from Rowan Co to Wilmington. Previously he was drafted but his parents being old and infirm, they helped him hire a substitute. He gave the money to Capt. Richmond Pearson, who hired the substitute for 12 months. He has a certificate of his discharge. Signed: Jacob (x) Trout.
24 Aug 1832. Richmond Pearson made oath that sometime in the year 1830, the Discharge of Jacob Trout was put in his hands to procure a bounty of land in Tennessee, but he found that Trout was not entitled to land. He has lost it and does not remember the name of the officer, but it was for service in the NC militia.
Note: Richmond Pearson who served in the Revolution was already dead - this must be his son who has lost the discharge certificate.

Abstracts of Minutes of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Rowan Co 1775-1789, Vol. III
Jo White Linn 1982
8 May 1782 Capt Richmond Pierson appt County Commissioner to collect Specific Tax [About the earliest reference of many...]
p.128-129 7 May 1785 Justices to take 1785 taxables. Richmond Pierson in Capt. Pierson & Haiden.


ABSTRACTS OF DEEDS OF ROWAN CO NC 1753-1785, Jo White Linn
p.201; DB 10/298 10 Mar 1784 Thos. Frohock to Richmond Pearson Esq for £300, 695 acres in forks of Yadkin R on Anthony Creek.

Pearson served in the Revolution - see notes of his son Joseph. His eldest child born in Goochland VA in 1773; subsequent children are said to have been born in North Carolina. The 1784 deed could have been made many years after the fact - there had been no land office available for some years before 1784.

There is in the Rowan County, NC Deed Abstracts, the following [Rowan DB 10 :181]
Zachariah Haden of Goochland County, VA. He sold on 26 Oct 1784 to Richmond Pearson land on sw side of Yadkin River adj McCulloh, William Giles, Phillip Williams, being 1/2 tract granted by Granville to William Giles who sold it to Haden 24 May 1759. Wit: Obadiah Smith & Sarjint Hewes. prvd May Ct 1785.
[Zachariah was not old enough himself to be a parent to Sarah Haden, wife of Richmond Pearson. But this is definitely an indication that the Pearsons and Hadens were well acquainted.]

Abstracts of Minutes of the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Rowan Co 1775-1789, Vol. III
Jo White Linn 1982
p.129 7 May 1785 Deeds Prvd
Zachariah Haiden to Richmd Pierson, moiety [one-half] of 529A 6 Oct 1784 Prvd by Oediah Smith


Abstracts of Deed Books 11-14 of Rowan Co NC 1786-1797
James W. Kluttz 1996

p.6
#102 DB 11, p.84 9 Aug 1787
State Grant #719 to Ritchmond Pearson 140a S fork of Yadkin adj James Harlin, Thomas Frohock, James Tinnen, his other tract, and Jones Ford

p.33
#778 DB 11, p.617 27 Nov 1788
Richmond Pearson, esq to John Stokes, esq for 10sh because Stokes was intermarried with Betsy, dutiful daughter of Pearson. 695a in forks of Yadkin on Anthonys Crk commonly known as James Whitaker's old place. Bought from Thos Frohock on 10 Mar 1784 and sold by Martin Walk to Pearson. Wit: John March, Sargeant (x) Hughes. Ack Feb Ct 1789

p.41
#936 DB 11, p.761 24 Oct 1789
David Woodson to Richmond Pearson 250a E side of Yadkin adj John BlaketPicklor and Obediah Smith. Ack Nov Ct 1789

p.61
#1358 Deed Book 12, p.288
8 Sep 1789 Obediah Smith to Richmond Pearson for 70# 639 a on Yadkin adj Zachariah Haden, John Harwood, Josiah Daniels, Josiah Whitehead & Jacob Bloubough
Wit: Arch Young, Betsy Stokes [Pearson's daughter]. Prvd by Young at May ct 1791

Rowan Co NC 1790 Census:
Richmond Person: 1 male over 16; 5 males under 16. No females.
Sarah Haden apparently already deceased by 1790. Daughter Betsey was already married by 1790. Sons who appear in publications are Joseph, Jesse A, and Richmond Jr. I found indications that there may also have been sons George and John. Richmond Pearson's will mentions a deceased son George, and he deeded a part of his home place which included a cemetery site to a John Pearson in 1795. No John born this early was named in the will, but he could have died without heirs - to be receiving land in 1795, he would have had to be age 21 and possibly the eldest son. Richmond did name his youngest son by Eliza, John Stokes Pearson - born 1808.. However, in 1800 there appears to be an older John Pearson living in Rowan - perhaps a brother to Richmond?

Abstracts of Deed Books 11-14 of Rowan Co NC 1786-1797
James W. Kluttz 1996
p.71
#1559 DB 12, p.536 18 Nov 1791
Richmond Pearson, Esq & wf Elizabeth to Montford Stokes, Lot #17 in North Sq of Salisbury, now usually called the Acadamy Lott.

p.121
#2466 DB 13, p.848 3 Dec 1794
Wm Giles & wf Mary to Sergeant Hughes for 314# 264 ½ A in forks of Yadkin adj river, Caleb Osborn, McCulloh, and Richmond Pearson. Half of 529a Granville grant to this Grantor, other hald sold to Phillip Williams who had conveyed it to Richmond Pearson. Prvd Feb Ct 1795

p.145
#2874 DB 14, p.298 1 Aug 1795
Richmond Pearson to John Pearson for 100# 70a on Prathers Spring Br adj John Hunt Prather and Henry ?Shouse, part of ?Hagners tract where said Richmond Pearson once lived. One acre excepted which was to be laid off by said Richmond Pearson as his place of internment. Ack May Ct 1796
[This is too early to be Richmond's son John by his second wife - is this a previously unnamed son of Richmond & Sarah Haden? - one of the five young males in the 1790 census? Or is John possibly a brother to Richmond - see the 1800 census.]

Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19; Rowan County NC 1797-1807
James W. Klutz 1997
#405 DB 16, p 78
8 Nov 1797 Danl Wood to Richmond Pearson. Part of James Wood's tract. Prvd. By Hubert Pearson, Feb Ct 1798


Rowan Co NC 1800 Census:
Richmond Pearson 1m 10-16; 5m 16-26, 1m over 45; 1f -10, 1f 26-45 48 slaves.
there was also
John Pearson: 1m 16-26, 1m over 45; 2f under 10, 1f 16-26, 1f over 45.


The following would not seem to be records of the John Stokes, husband of Betsey since he is said to have died in 1790. But the name is the same. Perhaps the suits are against the estate of John Stokes.
Abstracts of Deed Books 15-19; Rowan County NC 1797-1807
James W. Klutz 1997
#2116 DB 18, p.505
7 Jan 1803 Sherrif's Sale to Richmond Pearson. Execution of Rowan Ct against John Stokes. 695a on Anthonys Crk seized & sold 10 Jan 1799. Pearson was highest bidder. Ack Feb Ct 1803
#2117 DB 18, p.506
13 Feb 1803 Sheriff's sale to Richmond Pearson. Execution of Halifax Ct against John Stokes, dec'd. 274 a adj Joseph William, John Stokes, Pearson, Christian Sheeks & Nicholas Click. Sale 28 Mar 1800, Pearson high bidder. Ack Feb Ct 1803


#2152 DB 18, p.544
4 Apr 1803 Richmond Pearson Esq to Nicholas Click Sr. 100a Peelers Crk adj Pearson, Click, John H. Prather & James Whitaker. Wit: Nathl Pearson, Wyatt Ford. Prvd by Nathl Pearson May Ct 1803

#2154 DB 18, p.546
24 Apr 1800 Peter Lewis Sr to Lewis Smith, 55a Third Crek adj Richmond Pearson. Part of State Grant to Peter Lewis.

#2534 DB 18, p.905
10 Feb 1804 Richmond Pearson to Jesse A. Pearson for love and affection - three tracts. Wit: Jos. Pearson, Danl Wood. Prvd by Jos. Pearson Feb Ct 1804

#1333 DB 21, p.847
30 Mar 1808 Richmond Pearson agreed that John Pearson could devise his Negro man Moses to Stephen Pearson or any of his children. Release of agreement bet Richmond & John dated 16 Sep 1774. Wit: Nicholas Click Jr [German] who prvd May Ct 1810
[Neither John nor Stephen is thought to have been a son. Did Richmond have a brother living in Rowan?]

It seems likely Richmond and Sarah Haden had more sons than are named here.
1810 Census; Rowan Co NC
Richmond Pearson: 1m 16-26, 2m 26-45, 1f -10, 1f 16-26
another Richmond Pearson as "Sr." 4m under 10, 2m 26-45, 1m over 45
2f under 10, 1f 16-26, 1f 26-45
and on the same page with Richmond Sr is: Nathl. Pearson, 1m under 10, 1m 26-45. 1f 16-26, 2f 26-45.
Jesse A. Pearson, 1m 10-16, 1m 16-26, 1m 26-45; 1f under 10, 1f 16-26.
Saml. Pearson, 3m -10, 1m over 45; 1f 16-26
In the town of Salibury:
Joseph Pearson: 1m age 26-45
Benjamin Pearson: 3m 16-26, 2m 26-45
John Pearson: 2m -10, 1m 10-16, 1m 16-26, 1m 26-45; 1f -10, 1f 10-26, 1f 26-45


Rowan Co NC Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions 1815-1816
June Clodfelter Watson, no date
p.50
Deeds rec May 1815
Richmond Pearson Sr to Richmond Jr. 649 acrs. 1814. Proved by Jesse A. Pearson

An 1815 Rowan Co NC tax List shows that Billy D. Haden, a Hughes, 3 Maxwells, and Richmond Pearson Sr & Jr all lived within the bounds of Capt. Tabb's Company. Billy D. & Richmond Sr. both had acerage on the Yadkin River.
ROWAN COUNTY, NC TAX LIST 1815; Jo White Linn, 1987.

Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions 1817-1818
June Clodfelter Watson, no date
p.145 Thus 21 May 1818
Petition of Richmond Pearson for a Bridge across the South Yadkin bet Haden's ferry and the mouth of Second Creek… it is ordered that a bridge be erected…. Commissioners appt: Richmond Pearson Jr, Nicholas W. Gaither, Ransom Powell, Jesse A. Pearson, Lewis Beard, Stephen L. Ferrand. Shall report when bridge is completed. Authorized to draw from the Trustee of the county, $500 for the use of said bridge.

1820 Census. Rowan Co NC, Battalion 3, or Forks of the Yadkin.
Jesse A. Pearson: 2m 10-16, 2m 16-26, 2m 26-45. 2f 10-16, 1f 16-26, 1f 26-45, 1f over 45 [His mother? And are some of the young males and females his half brothers & sisters?]. 42 slaves
Joseph Pearson: No whites enumerated - he was next to Jesse. 87 slaves
Richmond Pearson: 1m 26-45. 1f -10, 1f 10-16, 1f 26-45.
15 slaves.
Both Richmond Sr & Jr were deceased before 1820 and Richmond Mumford was only about 15. I have no clue who this Richmond is.

Abstracts of Deed Books 30-34 of Rowan Co NC 1828-1840
James W. Klutz, 2004
#461 DB 30, p.663
17 Aug 1829 Mortgage. Joseph & John Welch to Richmond Pearson. 229 a on Hunting Crk adj Francis Neely where John Welch Lived. Owed William Haden $392.50 and had 90 day to pay or land to be sold. Wit: H. C. Jones. Prvd by Jones Aug Ct 1829

17 Aug 1831 Mortgage William Haden to Richmond Pearson. Three tracts. 269a called Welch Place where Haden lived adj W. B. Wilson 233a called Maxwell Place where Silvester Adams lives 90a where Wiley Nash lives adj Turner S. Parker. Haden owed John Meroney & Wm B. Wilson a $500 note due 1 Oct next, $500 due 1 May next and $1300 due 1 Aug. Pearson to sell if not paid and save Meroney & Wilson any expense as security for Haden on penal bond of $500 executed to Silvester Adams. Wit: S. Adams who rpvd Aug Ct 1831

Some of the articles concerning son Richmond Mumford Pearson suggest that Richmond Pearson had financial failures brought on by the War of 1812 and that son Joseph educated his half-brother Richmond Mumford in Washington DC. Perhaps Richmond Sr was land-poor and slave-poor because he certainly seemed to be in possession of a great deal of property at his death.

1830 Census. Rowan Co, NC
Elizabeth Pearson: 1m 15-20, 2m 20-30, 1m 30-40. 1f 40-50. 5 slaves
Based on the number of slaves, I'd guess this to be Richmond's widow. Was she living with Jesse in 1820?
Joseph Pearson [Plantation]: 1m 20-30, 1m 30-40 44 slaves

I didn't find any Pearson families in Rowan Co in 1840.

Rowan Co NC Will Abstracts, Vol. 1 1753-1805 Books A-F
Jo White Linn, 1970
Vol II 1805-1850 Books G-K
1971
Bound together - separate indexes
p.49
H:13 Richmond Pearson Jul 11, 1819 Prob Aug 1819
Wife Eliza. Sons: Jesse A., Joseph, Charles R., Richmond M., Giles Willm and John Stokes Pearson. Daughters: Sarah A. and M. Eliza. Infant child of dec'd son George.
Exr: wife Eliza, son Jesse A., dau Sarah
Wit: G. P. Mumford, James Pickler

Rowan Co NC
Will Book H, p.13
August Session 1819
In the name of God Amen!
I Richmond Pearson Senr of the County of Rowan
& State of North Carolina, bing of sound and
disposing mind and having a desire to provide
for my family in the evnet of the death, do make
& ordain this my last will and testament, hereby
revoking all others. In manner following, viz.
First I require of my executors (hereafter to be
appointed) to pay my just debts, which I expect
can be done by the sale of the crop and stock
not divised and the hire of the negroes.
2d I bequeath to my to my beloved wife Eliza Pearson
during her life the mansion house and the mill
on South Yadkin and the use of the land,
attached to it.
I farther more bequeath to my beloved wife
p.14
Eliza, the negroes London, Dina, Dollsack,
Jim and Maryann. The household &
kitchen furniture, the libras and the necessary
provisions for the decent support of herself and
family for one year, also the sum of one
hundred dollars to be applied to repairing the mill house
3d to my beloved son Jesse A. Peason and Joseph
Pearson I bequeath a fathers love & sincere wishes
for their happiness & prosperity in life, having
already given them, what I consider their
just and equal porportion of my estate.
4th to the heirs of my beloved son Richmond
Pearson I bequeath the little mill seat, (called
Buckned) the land adjoining, also an equal
proportion of my personal estate at my Death
and paid with the rest of my children.
5th to my beloved daughter Sarah A. Pearson, I
bequeath one half of the Stokes quarter tract of
land or a moiety of one thousand acres to be laid
of equally between her and my beloved daughter
M. Eliza, also the negro girl Mary and her two
children Sapleum? & Limon.
6th I give to my beloved daughter M. Eliza Pearson
one half of the Stokes quarter tract of land, or
a moiety of one thousand acres to be laid off
equally between her and her sister Sarah
as aforesaid, Also the negroe girl Ame and her
p.15
child Theodore and a little girl Dice.
7th I give and bequeath to my two beloved sons
Charles R. Pearson and Richmond M. Pearson
my third Creek mill and all the land attached
thereto & lying on the south side of the So Yadkin
river with this reservationa, that untill they
arriave an lawfull age the timber on the land is not
to be used except for keeping up the fences &
repaid to the millhouse & dam. I also bequeath
to each of them one fifth part of my personal estate
after my debts are paid, not herein divised.
8th I give & bequeath to my two beloved sons Gile William
Pearson and John Lockes Pearson my mill on
So Yadkin on the death of their mother and the mansion
house. Also all my land on the North side of the
So. Yadkin river not herein divised. And I farther
give to them each a fifth part of my personal estate
after my debts are paid.
9th Should the infant child of my dec'd son George
Pearson be alive, I direct that the sum of
Five hundred Dollars be placed in the hands of
my son Jesse A. Peason to be applied on his
Direction to its education & support.
10th I appoint by beloved wife Eliza Pearson, executrix
and my son Jesse A. Pearson executor together
with my daughter Sara executrix - jointly and
severally to this my last will & testament
p.16
witness whereof I do for these presents publish
and declare this my last will & testament
revoking all others - signed sealed and acknowledged
this eleventh day of July AD 1819
R. Pearson Senr
In the presence of
Test
G. P. Mumford
James Pickler
The word "the librars" interlined
before signing
Test:
G. P. Mumbord
James Pickler

There are books, contents reprinted online, that have serious errors concerning Richmond's family
History of Western North Carolina, condensed from "Wheeler's Historical Sketches" about Joseph's family.
And Wheeler's Historical Sketches"
both appear online and they have been copiously copied into other articles including Wikipedia.
Pearson is stated to have been born in 1770 in Dinwiddie Co, VA. His marriage to Sarah Haden was recorded in Goochland Co VA in 1772, so this is certainly not his birth year.
Wheeler made another critical error - he placed the second marriage of the elder Richmond Pearson as well as all the children of that marriage, as belonging to the young Richmond, son of Richmond & Sarah Haden. The will of Richmond in 1819 makes clear that he had a second wife Eliza and most of the children named are hers - it is also clear he had a son named Richmond, deceased by 1819, and a younger son named Richmond M. Pearson. There are tax records in Rowan Co in 1815, too early to be those of Richmond Mumford who was born 1805, son of Eliza, but list both Richmond Pearson Sr. and Jr. This makes at least three living persons named Richmond Pearson in Rowan Co. in 1815.

Sarah HADEN and Richmond PEARSON had the following children:

+226

i.

Betsey PEARSON.

227

ii.

Joseph PEARSON1 was born in 1776 in Rowan County, North Carolina. He died on 27 October 1834 at the age of 58 in Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina.

A Joseph Pearson was listed in the Rowan Co census in 1810 as a single male age 36-45.

He married first, Ann McLinn, 6 Jan 1806, Craven Co NC.

Abstracts of Deed Book 20-24 of Rowan Co NC 1807-1818
James W. Klutz 1999
#489 DB 20, p.485
6 Sep 1807 Geo Fisher to Joseph Pearson Esq for $800 248a in forks of Yadkin adj the fish dam, William D. Haden & Fisher. Wit: John Andrews, John Smith, Prvd by Andrews at Aug Ct 1815

Abstracts of Deed Books 25-29 Rowan Co NC 1818-1828
Salisbury NC 2002
James W. Klutz
#2431 DB 28, p.396
6 Dec 1825 Chas. Fisher, Sheriff to Joseph Pearson by virtue of execution of Rowan Ct against the heirs of Jesse A. Peason, dec'd. in the amount of $1236.29 which sum was recovered by Jesse Haden. Fisher seized five tracts - sold 21 Nov 1825 to Jos. Pearson as highest bidder. Ack Feb Ct 1826

#2681 DB 29, p.149
22 Nov 1826 William D. B. D. Haden to Joseph Pearson for $1000. 288a Forks of Yadkin adj John Pickler, Joseph Pearson, John Campbell and the N and S forks of the Yadkin. All the unsold parts of two tract conv to Haden from Douglas Haden, dec'd and from William Haden, dec'd. Wit: H. S. Parker, R. Pearson. Prvd to R. Pearson Nov Ct 1826

Note: Jesse & William D. "Billy" Haden were brothers, sons of Douglas Haden, grandsons of William Haden. The brothers were 2nd cousins to Joseph Pearson.


Biographical Dictionary of Congress [online]
PEARSON, Joseph, (1776 - 1834)
PEARSON, Joseph, a Representative from North Carolina; born in Rowan County, N.C., in 1776; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Salisbury, N.C.; member of the State house of commons; elected as a Federalist to the Eleventh, Twelfth, and Thirteenth Congresses (March 4, 1809-March 3, 1815); while in Congress fought a duel with John George Jackson, of Virginia, and on the second fire wounded his opponent in the hip; died in Salisbury, N.C., October 27, 1834.
Bibliography
Brown, Stephen W. “Satisfaction at Bladensburg: The Pearson-Jackson Duel of 1809.” North Carolina Historical Review 58 (Winter 1981): 23-43.


The following article on Wikipedia, contains errors about Joseph's family which were taken from History of Western North Carolina, condensed from "Wheeler's Historical Sketches".
Joseph Pearson (1776 - October 27, 1834) was a Congressional Representative from North Carolina ; born in Rowan County, North Carolina , in 1776; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Salisbury, North Carolina; member of the State house of commons from Rowan county in 1804 and 1805; elected as a Federalist to the Eleventh, Twelfth, and Thirteenth Congresses (March 4, 1809-March 3, 1815); while in Congress fought a duel with John G. Jackson, of Virginia, and on the second fire wounded his opponent in the hip; died in Salisbury, N.C., October 27, 1834.

The following is reported in a History of Western North Carolina, condensed from "Wheeler's 'Historical Sketches:'" Joseph Pearson's father was Richmond Pearson, born in Dinwiddie county, Va., who at the age of nineteen years came to North Carolina and settled in the forks of the Yadkin river, late of Davie county when a part of Rowan county. When the war of the Revolution broke out he was a Lieutenant in Captain Bryan's company (afterward the celebrated Colonel Bryan, of Tory memory). After the Declaration of Independence, at the first muster which occurred, he requested some on whom he could rely to load their guns. When Captain Bryan came on the ground he ordered all the men into ranks. Pearson refused, and tendered his commission to Bryan, whereupon he ordered him under arrest. This was resisted, and he was told that the men had their guns loaded. They then came to a parley, and it was agreed by the crowd, as matters stood, that Bryan and Pearson, on a fixed day, should settle this national affair by a fair fist fight, and whichever whipped, the company should belong to the side of the conqueror, whether Whig or Tory. At the appointed time and place the parties met, and the Lieutenant proved to be the victor. From this time the Fork company was for liberty, and Bryan's crowd, on Dutchman's creek, were Loyalists. The anecdote illustrates by what slight circumstances events of this period were affected. When Cornwallis came south, Pearson, with his company, endeavored to harass his advance. He was present at Cowan's Ford on the 1st of February, 1781, where General Davidson fell in attempting to resist the passage of the British.

Captain Pearson was a successful merchant and an enterprising planter. He died in 1819, leaving three sons and one daughter: 1st, Jesse A.; 2d, Joseph (the subject of this entry); 3d, Richmond; and 4th, Elizabeth Pearson. [Capt Richmond Pearson was married twice. Early censuses indicate he may have had more than four children by his first wife, Sarah Haden. He had six children by his second wife, Eliza Mumford.]

According to this History of Western North Carolina, Joseph Pearson was thrice married. By his first wife, Miss McLinn, he had no issue. By the second, Miss Ellen Brent, daughter of Robert Brent the first mayor of Washington, D.C., he had two daughters--one, the wife of Robert Walsh, Esqr., of Philadelphia--the other, the wife of Lieutenant Farley, of the U.S. Navy. Miss Brent brought to the marriage the mansion and property known as Brentwood, Washington, D.C. , which, shen she died, remained with Pearson. By the third wife (Miss Catherine Worthington, of Georgetown), he left four children. One of these, Elizabeth, married Carlile Pollock Patterson (see below). Another, Josephine, married Peter Augustus Jay, Jr., a grandson of Supreme Court Justice John Jay.

Pearson's last wife, Catherine, who survived him by 34 years and lived to 1868, was a daughter of Dr. Charles Worthington, a descendant of Capt. John Worthington of Annapolis (1650 - 1701). Dr. Worthington, who participated with the Maryland Militia in the Revolution as a doctor or medic, was born in Georgetown prior to the creation of the District of Columbia, and is said to have been so enamored of Revolutionary-era-1700s clothing styles that he eccentrically continued to wear clothes in that style into the early 1800s, long after they had become old-fashioned. He raised his family in Worthington House, built circa 1798, a historic and gracious Federal-style Georgetown manse that still stands at 3425 Prospect Street, N.W., Washington D.C., (it was the long-time Washington residence of Rhode Island senator Claiborne Pell (served 1961-1997)). Dr. Charles Worthington purchased the home in 1810 and named the estate “Quality Hill,” but it soon came to be called Worthington House. Reflecting the cultural history of Georgetown from its earliest origins as a prosperous port city, the house has eight bedrooms, two bathrooms, expansive public rooms, and a large garden. It was listed in 1972 on the National Register of Historical Places. Senator Pell sold Worthington House in 2004 for almost $4 million.

Shortly after the end of the Civil War, in response to requests from newly-emancipated African-Americans for establishment of a new Episcopal Church, Catherine Pearson, a member of St. John's Episcopal, Lafayette Square, donated some of her inherited Worthington land -- a lot on 23rd Street, NW, between G and H -- for a new church. Secretary of War Stanton directed that the Union Army Chapel at Kalorama Hospital be moved to the site and refurbished, and St. Mary's Episcopal Church, Foggy Bottom, Washington D.C., came into existence. . Catherine Pearson died a year after making the donation.

A daughter of Joseph Pearson and Catherine Worthington, Elizabeth Pearson, married Carlile Pollock Patterson, and Mr. & Mrs. Patterson hosted many social events in Washington at the Brentwood Mansion during the Administration of President Grant. Catherine Worthington Pearson, her father, her daughter Eliza Patterson and son-in-law C.P. Patterson, and many members of her family (but not her husband, who died while on a trip to North Carolina and was buried there) are buried in the Worthington vault at Oak Hill Cemetery , Washington D.C.


228

iii.

Jesse A. PEARSON1 died before December 1825 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

An online database gives a marriage to Ann Steele, 27 Feb 1804. I have not found this record, but it is quoted in several North Carolina history books.

1810 Census, Rowan Co NC
Jesse A. Pearson: 1m 10-16, 1 male 16-26, 1m 26-45. 1f -10, 1f 16-26.

Jesse A. Pearson served in the War of 1812 as a Colonel in Capt Joshua Craven's Company of Infantry of the 7th North Carolina Militia Regiment. He is said to have been elected Major-General of the state militia following the War.

Pearson said to have fought a Duel with his brother-in-law Montford Stokes; Stokes was wounded. Montfort Stokes had served in the Navy during the Revlution; taken prisoner he spent seven months aboard a prison ship in New York Harbor. He was clerk of the superior court of Rowan Count NC and was elected a U.S. Senator in 1804 but declined to serve. He was a trustee at the UNC at Chapel Hill from 1805 until 1838. In 1816 he did serve in the Senate, fillingthe vacancy caused by James Turner in 1816; then continuing to serve. He was Governor of NC 1830-1832 until appoint a member of the Board of Indian Commisssioners by Pres. Andrew Jackson in 1832. He served at Ft. Gibson, now in Oklahoma, where he died 4 Nov 1842 and is interred.

When Jesse returned from the War of 1812, he named his Yadkin River plantation Cooleemee after the Kulami tribe of Creeks in Alabama with whom he had become acquainted during his service. In 1817, Jesse sold two tracts totaling 2,570 acres to Maj. Peter Hairston for $20,000. Hairston kept the Cooleemee name. A subsequent owner of Cooleemee built a plantation house under construction from 1853 to 1855 - it stands today and is recognized as a National Historic Landmark; it is still owned by the Hairston family.

Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions 1817-1818
June Clodfelter Watson, no date
p.145 Thus 21 May 1818
Petition of Richmond Pearson for a Bridge across the South Yadkin bet Haden's ferry and the mouth of Second Creek… it is ordered that a bridge be erected…. Commissioners appt: Richmond Pearson Jr, Nicholas W. Gaither, Ransom Powell, Jesse A. Pearson, Lewis Beard, Stephen L. Ferrand. Shall report when bridge is completed. Authorized to draw from the Trustee of the county, $500 for the use of said bridge.

Jesse was left nothing in the will of his father written July of 1819 and presented to the August Court - except his father's love and best wishes - as he had already received his portion. He was appointed executor of the will along with his mother and sister Sarah.

1820 Census. Rowan Co NC, Battalion 3, or Forks of the Yadkin.
Jesse A. Pearson: 2m 10-16, 2m 16-26, 2m 26-45. 2f 10-16, 1f 16-26, 1f 26-45, 1f over 45. 42 slaves

Abstracts of Deed Books 25-29 Rowan Co NC 1818-1828
Salisbury NC 2002
James W. Klutz
#2431 DB 28, p.396
6 Dec 1825 Chas. Fisher, Sheriff to Joseph Pearson by virtue of execution of Rowan Ct against the heirs of Jesse A. Peason, dec'd. in the amount of $1236.29 which sum was recovered by Jesse Haden. Fisher seized five tracts - sold 21 Nov 1825 to Jos. Pearson as highest bidder. Ack Feb Ct 1826
Joseph, a brother to Jesse Pearson. "Wheeler's Historical Sketches" which contains some critical errors, states that Jesse died in 1823, without issue. His siblings would have been heirs, if he had no children or wife. Jesse Haden was a 2nd cousin of Jesse Peason.

#2673 DB 29, p.125
23 Jun 1820 Billy D. Haden to Jesse A. Pearson and John Calloway & Citizen S. Woods of Franklin Co VA for $340. 11 1/3 a in forks of Yadkin adj Joseph Pearson now the Clinton Town Co. and the Clinton Rd. It was conveyed to these Grantees for the purpose of conveying it to others and in trust for the Clinton Town Co. composed of Jesse A. Pearson, John Callawy, Citizen S. Woods, Wm Langhorn, John S. Burwell, A. D. Murphey, George T. Hearsey, Zachariah Haman, Joseph Pearson, Emanuel Shobe & John C. Blum. Wit: Isaac D. Jones who proved Nov Ct 1826
Notice that this deed was not recorded until six years after it was made. Jesse A. Pearson was still alive in 1820. Billy D. Haden was a brother of Jesse Haden, 2nd cousin to Jesse Pearson.


Historical Sketches of North Carolina from 1584-1851
, by John Hill Wheeler, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1851, p.385:
JESSE A. PEARSON was a member of the General Assembly in the House of Commons in 1808, 1809, and 1813 and 1814, from Rowan. He marched in 1814, as colonel of a regiment, to the Creek Nation, under General Joseph Graham, and was afterwards elected Major-General of the State.
He had a duel with Gen. Montford Stokes at Mason's old field, near Salisbury.
He married first, a daughter of Gen. John Steele, and second, Mrs. Wilson, whose daughter by a form husband, married Archibald G. Carter, Esq. of Davie County. He died in 1823 without issue.

229

iv.

Richmond PEARSON Jr.1 was born (date unknown).

Rowan Co NC Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions 1815-1816
June Clodfelter Watson, no date
p.50
Deeds rec May 1815
Richmond Pearson Sr to Richmond Jr. 649 acrs. 1814. Proved by Jesse A. Pearson

An 1815 Rowan Co NC tax List shows that Billy D. Haden, a Hughes, 3 Maxwells, and Richmond Pearson Sr & Jr all lived within the bounds of Capt. Tabb's Company. Billy D. & Richmond Sr. both had acerage on the Yadkin River.
ROWAN COUNTY, NC TAX LIST 1815; Jo White Linn, 1987.
Billy D. Haden was a son of Douglas Haden, grandson of William & Unity Haden; William was a brother to Joseph Haden, Sarah Haden Pearson's father.

In 1817, R. Pearson and R. Pearson, Jr. were two of the commissioners that divided the Negroes of the estate of Sargent Hughes.
Sargent Hughes married to a daughter of William & Unity Haden.

Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions 1817-1818
June Clodfelter Watson, no date
p.145 Thus 21 May 1818
Petition of Richmond Pearson for a Bridge across the South Yadkin bet Haden's ferry and the mouth of Second Creek… it is ordered that a bridge be erected…. Commissioners appt: Richmond Pearson Jr, Nicholas W. Gaither, Ransom Powell, Jesse A. Pearson, Lewis Beard, Stephen L. Ferrand. Shall report when bridge is completed. Authorized to draw from the Trustee of the county, $500 for the use of said bridge.


1820 Census. Rowan Co NC, Battalion 3, or Forks of the Yadkin.
Richmond Pearson: 1m 26-45. 1f -10, 1f 10-16, 1f 26-45.
15 slaves. Richmond the elder had died in 1819; his will presented in Court in August. He stated in his will that a son Richmond Pearson was deceased, leaving children. His wife Eliza and some of her children appear to have been enumerated with son Jesse A. Pearson - Richmond Mumford Pearson would have been only age 15 in this census. So is this some enumeration of the estate of Richmond Sr or Jr? Or still another Richmond Pearson?

The will of Richmond Pearson makes very clear that he had an older son named Richmond, deceased, and a young son, Richmond Mumford Pearson a son of Richmond and his second wife Eliza Mumford. An online database listed a marriage to Elizabeth McLinn, 2 Mar 1808, in Craven Co NC for Richmond Jr. His brother Joseph did marry Ann McLinn in 1806 in Craven Co. However, there was a John Pearson living in Craven Co as early as 1790 and several Pearson families living there in subsequent years; a number of Pearson marriages are recorded in Craven Co. There are a number of records when both Richmond Sr and Jr are present and too early to be Richmond Mumford Pearson.

There are books, contents reprinted online, that have errors concerning Richmond's family
History of Western North Carolina, condensed from "Wheeler's Historical Sketches" about Joseph's family.
And Wheeler's Historical Sketches"
both appear online and they have been copiously copied into other articles including Wikipedia. Wheeler made a critical error - he placed the second marriage of the elder Richmond Pearson as well as all the children of that marriage, as belonging to the young Richmond, son of Richmond & Sarah Haden. The will of Richmond in 1819 makes clear that he had a second wife Eliza and some of the children named are hers and not yet of legal age. There are tax records in Rowan Co in 1815, too early to be those of Richmond Mumford who was born 1805, son of Eliza, but say Richmond Pearson Jr. This makes at least three living persons named Richmond Pearson in Rowan Co. in 1815. There are other Pearsons in Rowan Co and in neighboring counties.

230

v.

George PEARSON died before 1819.

George is not seem in most of the Haden research. However at least two censuses suggest that Richmond had five sons by Sarah Haden. Richmond Pearson mentioned a child of his deceased son George, in his will of 1819 - if the child survived, $500 was left in the hands of Richmond's son, Jesse, to be used for its education and support. At least two of the sons of Eliza were not of lawful age at the time of Richmond's death - it's most likely George was a full brother to Jesse and son of Sarah Haden.

In the book Biographical History of North Carolina from Colonial Times to the Present, [edited by Leonard Charles Van Noppen, published 1906. Original from the New York Public Library digitized Sep 15, 2005] four children are listed for wife Sarah, six for Eliza - George omitted altogether.