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First Generation


1. ??? GARNER was born (date unknown).

Was the father of Enoch Garner and siblings a Henry? He wasn't the following Henrys are are often mixed together and cited as his father. A Henry Garner who is said to have married a Nancy Poole (Nancy Van Pool) has no proof cited for such a marriage and none of the databases claiming Nancy Poole have documentation for her.

A Henry Garner and wife who was Nancy, perhaps Nancy Poole, are often seen as the parents of these Garners, it was certainly not the same Henry Garner of Hardin Co TN who applied for his Revolutionary pension. That Henry was born in Rowan Co, North Carolina, in 1760, did live for a time in Wayne Co, Kentucky, but a court case in 1851 concerning the sale of his land for the benefit of his nine heirs, proves that he had a very different family, see later. However, a power of attorney from a son,in the Pension file says that the son's mother was Nancy who died in 1819. Henry himself lived until 1835 and he seems to have married a second time to an Elizabeth "Betsy".

The Pension, R3919, was Rejected. Henry Garner deposed on 16 Dec 1834, Hardin Co TN. He was then aged about 75 [or born 1759]. He was born in Rowan Co, NC in 1760 as he believes. He served in the Revolution in 1780 and was hired by 16 men to serve. He entered as a volunteer under Capt. Peter Hetrick & Col Haynes. They marched to Charleston, then held by the British, and marched back to Salisbury, then to the state of Virginia where he was discharged. He served not less than 18 months. He was a drafted soldier in 1781, Rowan Co NC under Capt Frederick Smith & Col. Hayes - they were marched to Deep River & joined Gen. John Butler and then to within 20 miles of Wilmington, NC. They went to Cross Creek, NC and he was discharged. He feels certain he served not less than 6 months. He has no documentary evidence nor knows of no person whose Testimony he can procure. He resided in Rowan Co two years after the revolution, then moved to Virginia where he lived about 8 years, then to Kentucky for about three months, then to East Tennessee for three years; then back to Kentucky where he lived for 24 years before moving to Hardin Co TN where he now lives. He signed with his mark. Charles B. Neilson and Bowan Davy, his neighbors, testified to his age and veracity.
There is a power of attorney in the Pension File, dated 1 Nov 1852. John F. Garner age 64, is one of the heirs of Henry Garner, a Revolutionary soldier of North Carolina who died 17 Oct 1835. His mother, Nancy Garner, died in 1819. To the best of his information they were married in 1783 in North Carolina. They resided in Tennessee at their deaths. Garner authorizes F. E. Hassler of Washington DC, his attorney to obtain any pension or land. Signed John F. Garner for all the heirs of Henry Garner.

Hardin Co TN Court Minutes, Book F, p.125
1 Dec 1581.
John F. Garner, Robert McMahan, Sally Brown, Leah Eades, Harriet Garner, dau of Peggy Garner dec'd
vs
David Garner, Gabriel D. Garner, Polly Decker, formerly Nancy Garner, dau of Peggy Garner, dec'd. Henry G. Garner in his own right and as guardian of Joshua & James Garner.
Petition to sell land. The parties to the petition are the children & representation of Henry Garner, dec'd. The tract contains only 55 acres and there are nine heirs to divide it. It was ordered the land be sold to the highest bidder.
Although other papers in the court minutes state they are nine heirs, it is impossible to determine if that was nine children, including deceased children, or if it included the heirs of the deceased children, since one cannot tell for sure which is which. It is possible that Joshua and James who required a guardian were sons of a second wife Elizabeth. who by now was also deceased. Since the father Henry had died in 1835, the boys would be at least 16 by 1851 - but they could still require a guardian.

Another problem with the pensioner Henry is his birth as 1760 - if that was accurate as he testified, he would have been only 19 when Enoch was born. Possible, but a little young for the norm.


There is another Henry Garner who is said to have married a Nancy Poole. They are buried in a family cemetery in Pickens Co, SC. This Henry said to have been born 18 Sep 1773 in Randolph Co NC and died 23 Nov 1843 in South Carolina. Nancy, wife, was born 1776, died 1851. Two of the daughters, Mary Garner Boggs and Ruhama Garner Neighbors are also said buried in this cemetery.


What I have found about the Garner siblings and why they are place here together follows.

I have grouped these siblings shown here together partly on the bases of the following:
Moses Trader Shepherd's life story compiled by Bliss Brimley in the
Moses Trader Shepherd Family Organization Newletter, June 1978:
"...Some of Nancy's brothers, Job, Henry, James, and Enoch Garner also
were early settlers in Delaware Co., Ind, Job Garner having been appointed
guardian of the minor children of Nancy Adamson..."
Note: I have added Vincent who was not named in the above, but was certainly present near Enoch in Wayne Co IN and Enoch named his youngest son Vincent. Vincent named sons Henry and Enoch. Vincent did not settle in Delaware Co.
There also seem to have been sisters.


There is a deed, 23 Oct 1822, in Wayne Co KY, from a Henry Garner and his wife Betsey of Hardin Co TN, to Vincent Garner of Wayne Co KY - the land was in Wayne Co. The parcel contained 20 acres and was on both sides of Beaver Creek, bounded Wm. Smith's line, and was sold for $50. The deed was acknowledged the same day by Henry Garner and wife Elizabeth relinquished her dower rights. This is land owned by the Rev War Henry above. This is probably not the Vincent Garner later in Wayne Co, IN, but that cannot be ruled out.

The above Revolutionary soldier Henry Garner is in the 1830 census in Hardin Co - a Hardin Co history shows he was there about 1820.
However there was also a Henry Garner in Wayne Co KY in 1830:
1830 Census. Wayne Co KY
Henry Garner: 2m 5-10, 2m 10-15, 1m 30-40 [more of an age to be a brother to Vincent!] 3f under 5, 1f 5-10,1f 10-15, 1f 15-20, 1f 40-50
David Garner: 1m age 60-70, 1f age 60-70

Still another Henry Garner can be found in Henry Co IN, 1830, along with Job Garner.

By 1830, Vincent was in Wayne Co IN, living near Enoch Garner.

Land patents in Indiana, Madison & Delaware County, beginning about 1834, can be found for these Garner brothers.
There is also a patent dated 14 Nov 1830, to Archibald Garner of Franklin Co IN, for the East half of the NE 1/4, Section 33, T 18, R 6 - 80 acres. Land listed as being in Madison Co IN.


I have found one record suggestive of an older Henry Garner with wife named Nancy that could have given impetus to these as parents of the Garner siblings. However, this same record suggests that the older man, who might have been a Henry, was deceased before the 1820 census. He cannot be the Henry Garner from Rowan Co NC because he lived until 1835.

In 1820, some of the family was apparently listed as "Gardner" in Wayne Co IN.
On the same page:
Henry Gardner, 3 males under 1, 1m 26-45. 1f 5-10, 1f 16-26
one household - that of Zachariah Stedham and then
Henry crossed out and Nancy Gardner written in: 1m 16-18, 1m 16-26 [could be the same boy]. 1f under 10, 1f 10-16, 1f 16-26, and one female over age 45.
Note: I suspect this is why the assumption has been made that Henry Garner and a Nancy Poole were parents. However, there were other Henrys with wives named Nancy and most have place the younger Garners with them. The other Henrys - one in Hardin Co TN and one in Pickens Co SC who had wives named Nancy both lived until the 1830's.
Job Gardner: 2m under 10, 1m 16-26. 1f 16-26.
Also in Wayne Co was Enoch Gardner, on p.193:
2 males under 10, 1m age 26-45. 1 females under 10. No mark for an older female but the census spans a crease in the page about where a mark would have been made for a female age 26-45. By 1820, Enoch and Elizabeth had 4 children - two sons Edom & George, and two daughters, Rachel & Nancy.

And there was also in Wayne Co, a Labam Gardner who is unidentified as being part of this family. Labam, most likely Laban, had 2 males under 10, himself age 16-26, and 2 females under 10, and one age 16-26. He is certainly the right age to be part of the family, but the family names don't seem to place him there.

Online databases indicate there was a Laban Garner born about 1797 in NC, died 1867. He married Jane Little, 6 Dec 1814, Wayne Co, IN. Children are said to be
Shelby (1816-1901)
Peter (1819-1894)
Charity (1823- )
John (1824-1891)
Hannah (1827-1911) married Thompson
Fanny/Frances (1829-1913 married Smiley
Amelia (1837- )
Sarah (1839-1907)
Laban and Jane are buried King Cemetery, Dallas Co, Iowa.

Additional information about any of these Garner families would be helpful.

It is also true that there is an earlier Garner family that uses the given name Vincent. Some members of this family are definitely associated with the Ratcliffs in an earlier generation. I very much suspect that at least one Garner family came with some of the Ratcliffs to Highland Co, Ohio. Two children of James & Mary (Moon) Garner married into the Ratcliff family - their son John married Eleanor, daughter Amos Ratcliff & Elanor Cashatt; daughter Elizabeth Garner married John Ratcliff, son of Edom Ratcliff & Rachel Cashatt - these marriages likely took place between 1810-1818 just before the families settled in Ohio. James Garner's lineage appears to go back to the early Garners that used the name Vincent, although that name doesn't show up in the Garner line of James. It is also true that the Henry Garner who married Nancy Poole is part of this older Garner family - John Garner who married Susanna Keene is the progenitor. There are just too many coincidences in names and places - the correct link has yet to be discovered.

??? GARNER possibly had the following children:

+2

i.

ENOCH GARNER.

+3

ii.

Susannah GARNER.

4

iii.

Henry GARNER1 was born about 1790 in North Carolina. He died on 5 January 1858 at the age of 68 in Howard County, Indiana.


Named as a brother of Nancy Garner Adamson, I have no good confirmation.

In 1820, some of the family was apparently listed as "Gardner" in Wayne Co IN.
On the same page:
Henry Gardner, 3 males under 1, 1m 26-45. 1f 5-10, 1f 16-26
one household - that of Zachariah Stedham and then
Henry crossed out and Nancy Garner written in: 1m 16-18, 1m 16-26 [could be the same boy]. 1f under 10, 1f 10-16, 1f 16-26, and one female over age 45.
Note: I suspect this is why the assumption has been made that Henry Garner and a Nancy Poole were parents. However, there were other Henrys with wives named Nancy and most have place the younger Garners with them. The other Henrys - one in Hardin Co TN and one in Pickens Co SC who had wives named Nancy both lived until the 1830's.
Job Gardner: 2m under 10, 1m 16-26. 1f 16-26.
On other pages in Wayne Co were Enoch Gardner, and a Labam Gardner who is unidentified as being part of this family. Labam, most likely Laban, had 2 males under 10, himself age 16-26, and 2 females under 10, and one age 16-26. He is certainly the right age to be part of the family.


HistoryGeo.com
Henry Garner had a patent for the W 1/2 of the NE 1/4, Sect 7, T 21 N, R 9 E, Delaware Co, IN. Vincin "Garnet" was a neighbor, as well as Amos Ratcliff.
10 Nov 1840. Patent for the above, 80 acres, issued through the Land Office at Ft. Wayne.

1840 Census. Delaware Co IN
Henry Garner, 1m 5-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 50-60. 1f 5-10, 1f 40-50

Said to have married Eunice Lavitt, 17 May 1814 in Clinton Co, Ohio - I've never found this record.
Children said to be
Nancy, b. 1815, Ohio, married a Gordon and then Elias A. Wilson, 26 Jun 1834
James, b. 1819, IN, d. bef 1908, married Sarah Shamley, 12 Dec 1839, Delaware Co IN
John H., b. 1821 OH, married Elvira Applegate, 20 Mar 1838, Delaware, IN
Paul, b. 1827, IN, d. abt 1859, married Matilda Ryan, 28 Apr 1846, Howard, IN
Joseph C., b. 1831 IN, married an unknown wife and then Jemima Stout
Eunice, b. 1835 IN, married Thomas Bogue, 1 Feb 1855, Howard, IN. He died in battle, Civil War, 13 Dec 1861, Battle of Allegheny, VA

1850 Census. Taylor Twp, Howard Co IN Hh 67
Henry Garner, age 60, b. NC.
Eunice, age 58, b. Tenn.
Joseph 18 and Eunice 15, both born in Indiana.


5

iv.

Elizabeth GARNER1 was born about 1792 in North Carolina. She died in January 1857 at the age of 65 in Howard County, Indiana.

Elizabeth married Meshack Ryan.

1850 Census. Taylor Twp, Howard Co IN Hh 32
Mashack Ryan, age 59, b. PA. Elizabeth, age 59, b. NC
Enoch, 17, b. Ohio. Job, 15, b. Ohio. Benjamin, 12, b. Ohio

Son Enoch said to have married Rachel Howe; he died, Spirit Lake, Iowa

Another son said to be Henry who married Catherine Beamer - perhaps he was already married by 1850.

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v.

Vincent GARNER.

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vi.

Job GARNER.

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vii.

Nancy GARNER.

9

viii.

James GARNER was born about 1800 in North Carolina. He died on 10 August 1840 at the age of 40.

Named as a brother of Nancy, I have no confirmation.

James is said to have married Nancy Crum, 30 Oct 1828 - others say she was Mary Crum. In the Indiana marriage database on Ancestry, James Garner married Mary "Cromb", 30 Oct 1828, Delaware Co IN.
One of the databases gives a date of death for James in 1840 and I did find a widowed Mary Garner in 1860 that was about the right age, see later.

HistoryGeo.com
Land patents to James Garner, Delaware Co IN. SW 1/4 of the NE 1/4 and the NW 1/4 of the SE 1/4 [adjoining 40 acre tracts] in Section 27, T 21 N, R 9 E. John H. Garner and Vincent "Gamer" were just north in Section 22; Job Garner to the west in Section 28.
BLM-GLO
James and Job took out the first patents in Delaware Co.
James Garner's earliest patent not in the same section as above:
23 Oct 1834 [Andrew Jackson was president] - James was of Delaware Co. patent for the west half of the SE 1/4, Section 21, T 20 N, R 10 E: District subject to sale at Indianapolis, 80 acres. Job Garner had patented the east half of the same quarter, 2 Sep 1834.
15 Mar 1837. James Garner of Delaware; land office at Ft. Wayne. The 80 acres as described above in Section 27, Township 21.

There were two James Garners in Delaware Co IN in 1840:
James Garner: 1m age 20-30. 1f age 20-30. On a page with Henry and Vincent.
and
James Garner: 1m under 5, 1m 5-10, 1m 30-40. 2f under 5, 1f 5-10, 1f 10-15, 1f 20-30. He was on this page with Jehue Garner: 1m under 5, 1m 10-15 1m 15-20, 2m 20-30, 1m 40-50. 1f under 5, 2f 5-10, 1f 10-15, 1f 30-40.

1860 Census. Hancock Co IN, Brown Twp., Hh 318
Mary Garner, 47, b. Ohio
Katharine 24, John 21, Nancy 22 - all born in Indiana

Children are said to have been
John, married Cornelia Myers
Nancy, married Benjamin Reeves, 15 Aug 1874
Job,
Lovina married James Smith
Rachel, married (1) Aaron Ross and (2) A. P. Combs
Catherine, married William Sparks
Mary
Jane
Ollie
Lydia, married Frank M. Sparks.

10

ix.

Lydia GARNER was born in December 1805 in Ohio. She died on 25 August 1860 at the age of 54 in Howard County, Indiana.

Lydia married Isaac Stout, 9 Feb 1828, in Wayne Co IN. As is the case with two of Vincent Garner's older children, Lydia seems to have been born in Ohio

1850 Census. Taylor Twp, Howard Co IN Hh 86
Isaac Stout, age 40, b. Ohio. Lydia, age 44, b. Ohio.
Children born in Indiana: Jemima 20, Job 18, Sarah 16, Isaac 14, John 12, Charles 9, Jasper 6, Lydia 3.
Noah Stout, age 35, lived next door.

1860 Census. Union Twp, Nevada P.O., Howard Co, IN, Hh 1099
Isaac Stout, age 50 [birth places and occupation confused on this page - many "do" markings that are likely incorrect]
Lydia, 52
Charles 18, Thomas 16, Lydia 13, Nancy 10.
Hh 1098 was
John Stout, age 20, Nancy 21, Job 10 months

Children said to be:
Possibly a son a named Riley
...Jemima, b. 1830, m. first Benjamin Poff, 2 May 1852, and 2nd, Joseph C. Garner, 18 Feb 1854, third, William H. Richards
...Joseph Job, b. 1832, d. 1881, married Rosanah Parker, 4 Mar 1853, then Mandy Carpenter, 30 Jun 1859, and 3rd, Louelva J.
...Sarah, b. 1834, married Andrew Martin Parker, 20 Feb 1853, and 2nd Calvin P. Rice, 10 Nov 1867
...Isaac, b. 1836, married Mandy Carpenter, 13 Aug 1855, and 2nd, Eliza Polston, 12 Dec 1863. It appears that many & Isaac may have divorced and she then married his brother.
...John A., b. Dec 1839, d. 1926. married 2d to his cousin Nancy Jane Garner, dau of John Garner & Elvira Applegate
...Charles Shirley, b. 6 Jun 1841, d. 18 Sep 1916, married Lucinda Cripes, who died 4 Jul 1868, and then Samantha Ellen Ryan
...Jasper/Thomas, b. 1844
...Lydia Margaret, b. 1847, married Luke Thomas 31 Mar 1868 and 2nd, Mr. Ruse
Nancy, b. 1850