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Second Generation

3. THOMAS BROOKES5,6,7,8,9 was born about 1732.10 He died about 1819 at the age of 87.1

I believe Thomas was older than the estimated birth date of 1732 by a few years.

Marriage record from the Kingston parish register lists his wife as Mrs. Mary Blacknall; married by Rev. Richard Locke. I think it quite likely the title "Mrs" was one of respect and she was indeed in reality a "Miss". [See her notes]

VIRGINIA TITHABLES FROM BURNED RECORD COUNTIES, Robert F. Woodson and Isobel B. Woodson, 1970. Thomas Brookes Hanover Co, 1763, 40 acres [I've no idea if this can be the same Thomas Brookes.] In Gloucester Co, Kingston Parish, in both 1774 and 1775 is a George Brookes - there's every likelihood this is a kinsman.

The following deed was copied to me from Leigh Brookes but it does not seem to be the same Thomas Brooks since wife Penelope relinquished dower and Thomas had married Mary Blacknall some three years earlier.
Thomas Brooks sold 75 acres of land bounded by land of William Denton & Edward Denton, dec'd, and Edward Goodrich to said Goodrich on 27 July 1752 in the Parish of St. Andrew, County of Brunswick, VA. It was near the three Creeks. Penelope the wife of Thomas Brooks relinquished her right of dower.. Signed: Thomas Brooks.
Wit: C. Courtney, Jos. Hickman, George Purdie Walter (WB) Bailey [p.256-259 copy from Leigh Brookes]

Thomas Brookes puchased 200 acres in Brunswick Co VA, Parish of St. Andrews, from William Gwyn [Guynne] and his wife Elizabeth, 22 Jun 1765 for the sum of 70£. It was part of a larger tract of 400 acres adjoining lands of Ingram Hagood, Johnson & Maclin, formerly granted to Thomas Singlton and by him conveyed to Walter Hibbles and by Hibbles conveyed to the said William Guynn. Winessed by John Clack, John Jones, Silvanus Stokes, John Russell, James Thornton. [p.12-14 copy from Leigh Brookes]

Caswell DB A
19 Mar 1773 Thomas Willson of Halifax Co VA to Thomas Brooks of Orange Co, Province of NC for 100£. 240 acres on Moon's Crk. Tract Willson purchased of William Morris which Morris purchased of Earl Granville 7 Jun 1761. Wit: John Williams, William Gwyn

Thomas Brookes puchased additional land in Caswell Co NC June 10, 1778. 570 acres on both sides of Moon's Creek, and McCorkles Creek. William Holderness and Charles Brooks were chain carriers for the Survey. Patent #30. Caswell DB A, p.254

"When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell Co NC 1777-1977" by William S. Powell, 1977, p.100-101: ...first court ....met at the house of Joseph Smith. ...Thomas Brooks became the county Treasurer.

NC Land Grants in TN [Listed by Grant Number, different from Warrant Number]
p.83 #94 Thomas Brooks. 429 acres. South side Cumberland River
p.125 [Appendex A] BROOKS, Thomas. Military Grant 94. Assigned by Andrew Haddock, Sgt.
TN Land Entires.
#3988 25 Nov 1783 Warrant 311. Sgt. Andrew Haddock, 429 acres delivered to Henry William; 36 months; file #3. Grant to Thomas Brooks. [see grant file #108 in Davidson Co; warrant not mentioned in Glasgow land fraud]
#10383. Warrant 311; Location 667 Jul 10 Thomas Brooks assignee of Andw Haddock, 429 acres about 7 miles E of Stoners Lick; includes Indian Camp Spring and a sugar tree marked "A T" and a poplar "M R" and runs as the law directs; removed. [Part 6, p.1037]
#10714 Warrant 311. Location 476. Thomas Brooks, heir of Geo. Brooks, 429 acres on S side of Cumberland R about a mile above Wells Cr; border; begins 200 yards above a pond and runs up the river. May 2, 1785 removed & continued by Saml. Martin; Aug 11, 1785 discontinued by Saml. Martin
#10911 Warrant 311. Location 667. Mar 4 1785. Thomas Brooks to Andw Haddock, transfer 429 ac on S side of Cumberland R; border; begins at the first bluff above mouth of Red R, runs down the river, & W; John Eliot. [Part 6, p.1075]

Caswell DB E
24 May 1786 Samuel Morgan to Robert Blackwell for 133£. 300 acres on Moon's Crk. adj Brankin's line, William Morgan. Wit: Thos. Brookes Sen., Thomas Brookes
17 Oct 1786 Andrew Vannoy, formerly of Caswell, to Samuel Moore for 100£. 640 acres on Moon's & Country Line Creeks adj Thomas Brookes crossing McCaskil's Crk, Thomas Hart, Campbell's claim, claim of Thomas Rice. By Stephen Williamson & Richard Smith who have POA of Vannoy. Wit: Charles Dixon, Zere Rice

Caswell WB B, p.356
July Court 1790 Bond of Thomas Brooks as High Sheriff of Caswell Co. Bondsmen: John Brown, Thos. Donoho, Yancey Bailey.
Oct Court 1790 Bond of Thomas Brooks as Treasurer of Caswell Co. Bondsmen: Thomas Rice, Benj. Williamson, Yancey Bailey, Daniel Williams, Jethro Brown, James Williamson. 18 Oct 1790
Did Thomas Brookes Senr really hold both offices or is this one in October, an office for Thomas Junr. Thomas Senr continued as Sheriff after his son died, but he had also been Treasurer.

No dower release is noted when Thomas Brookes sells land as follows. In North Carolina, this certainly doesn't mean a wife had died - there were many years when the dower release was not required:
1784-1868: A wife's right to one-third of her husband's land became
effective only at his death, meaning that during marriage his control
was absolute. He could sell any and all of the property. His control
was called his "curtesy."
Women and the Law of Property in Early America, Marylynn Salmon
(Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986).
As found in Post #881, Caswell County Historical Assn Yahoo Group.

Caswell DB H
20 Feb 1794 Thomas Brookes to William Holderness for 300£. 300 acres on Moon's Crk, being tract Brooks purchased of Thos Wilson & Wilson of William Morris, which Morris purchased of Earl of Granville on 7 Jun 1762. 'Wit: Benj. Shelton, Armstead Watlington, Leonard Shelton. [See DB A, p.28]
18 Feb 1794 Thomas Brooks to Charles B. Brooks for 100£. 200 acres on Moon's Crk adj Page, Swift. Wit: William Holderness, Jonathan Brooks, Ann Brooks.
7 Mar 1795. Thomas Brookes as Sheriff. Lands of William Campbell sold re judgment.

Caswell DB J
9 Nov 1795 NC Grant #1123 to John Swift. 313 acres on Moon's Crk adj Ingram, Brookes, Cobb.
6 Apr 1796 Thomas Brookes to Jonathan Brookes for 100£. 270 acres on Moon's Crk. Wit: William Holderness, John Goodson.

Caswell DB L, p.220
4 Mar 1798
William Holderness to Thomas Brookes for 500£. 200 acres on Moon's Crk being land purchased of William Moore which Moore purchased of Earl of Granville, Jun 1762
Wit: Jonathan Brookes, Ann Brookes
Is this part of the land Thomas Brookes sold to William Holderness in 1794? See DB H, p.395.
Caswell DB M
2 Oct 1800 Thomas Brookes to Jonathan Brooks. 150 acres on Moon's Crk. Wit: William Holloway, Armd. Watlington.
25 Feb 1801 Thos. Brookes to Armistead Watlington for 100£. 150 acres on Moon's Crk adj Swift. Wit: Jonathan Brookes, Robert Holderness
10 Apr 1802 William Holderness to Robert Holderness for 200£. 390 acres on Moon's Crk adj Brookes. Wit: Armistead Watlington, Thos. Holderness
20 Aug 1801 Thomas Brookes to Jonathan Brooks for 112#, 10sh. 150 acres on Moon's Crk. wit: Armistead Watlington, William Holderness
Is this a corrected deed for the the deed of 2 Oct 1800?

1810 Caswell Co NC Census, p.5. There are two Thomas Brooks in this Census, but I believe the one on p.5 to be correct as he is shown as owning 7 slaves; the other Thomas has none. Two males in the household: 1m +45 [Thomas] and 1m 16-26. The sons were married - this could be the fatherless grandson Thomas living with him. In 1819 he gave land and slaves and his household articles to this grandson.

Caswell DB S, p.6
Joseph Bracken to Thomas Brooks Sen. for $450, 170 acres, north fork of Moon's Crk. Wit: John Bracken, Thos. Brooks Jr. [Bracken was actually an orphaned grandson]

Deed Book T
p.70 20 Jan 1819 Thomas Brooks to William Russell for $1200, Negro fellow Abram. Wit: J. B. Watlington, Thos. Holderness.
p.205 29 Nov 1819 Thomas Brooks Sen to Thomas Brooks Jun, son of Thomas Brooks, Jun. Dec'd ...170 acres [son Thomas was already deceased, and he is giving land to his grandson]
p.207-08 10 Dec 1819 To beloved grandson Thomas Brooks only son of Thomas Brooks dec'd ...3 slaves and household articles and livestock.
p.208 17 Aug 1819 Thomas Brooks Snr to beloved grandson Robert Holderness for love and affection....3 slaves, Ede and sons Lewis and Abram. [Robert Holderness' mother must surely have been a daughter of Thomas Brooks, Sr.]
p.211 17 Dec 1819 Thomas Brooks Sen. to beloved granddaughter Polly Adkins, only daughter of son Thomas Brooks dec'd, for love & affection, negro boy Wiatt, boy Haris. Wit: Thos. Brooks Jun. [Polly's brother], John Manley

Thomas Brooks Senior probably died soon after these deeds of 1819. The following estate file in the NC Archives is probably not his but that of a grandson. Only a Thomas Brooks, age 25-46 appears in the 1820 Caswell NC Census.

Caswell Co NC 14 Oct 1824. Jonathan Brooks, Thomas Graves, Armistead Watlington posted bond for settlement of estate of a Thomas Brooks, Deceased. [Printed Bond looks much like 1834, but it is 1824, a note on the back says plainly 1824.] Estate records received from North Carolina Archives also contain a lawsuit resulting from the beating of a slave named Ned of the goods and chattels of Thomas Brooks, deceased, brought by Jonathan Brooks, administrator of Thomas Brooks. The beating took place on the 10th of Jan 1825. Ned and a woman, Rosetter are the only slaves listed in the Inventory of Thomas Brookes submitted by Jonathan Brookes.
From "The Free Press" published in Halifax, 3 Sep 1824, North Carolina Deaths: "Caswell County. 12th ult Thomas Brooks, aged 28. LDS Microfiche #6046798. [This is approximately the time I formerly believed this senior Thomas had died from the estate records. But I now believe the above estate papers are not for him at all. The grandson was approximately 4 years older than this Thomas and could not have been younger based on the age of his father. However, Jonathan Brooks did have a son named Thomas who could very well have been this age. Nowhere in the estate papers is the relationship between Jonathan and Thomas stated. I do believe this deceased young Thomas can only be Jonathan's son Thomas.]

THOMAS BROOKES and MARY BLACKNALL were married on 16 December 1749 in Gloucester County, Virginia.1,11,12 MARY BLACKNALL10 was born (date unknown).

Mary wasn't the widow of the Rev. John Blacknall who served the Parish from the beginning of the book in 1740 (perhaps earlier) until he died in 1747 because his widow seems to have been the Mrs. Ann Blacknall who received a large payment of tobacco on 20 Oct 1748 from Kingston Parish (approximately half of the payment Rev. John had been receiving per year)
She wasn't the widow of Charles Blacknall whose wife was a Mary and who had two children baptized in Kingston Parish - Charles, b. 10 Jan, & bap 19 Feb 1758 and Mary, b. 16 Aug, bap. 12 Sep 1755. Charles died between the Nov 1761 vestry meeting and the one in Nov of 1762 when his position was replaced.
There is possibility that Mary was called "Mrs" in the register because of her position in the community, daughter of the Kingston Parish clergyman. She may have been the daughter of the Rev. John and Ann Blacknall, sister to Charles.

[The underlining in the following article which is applicable to 'Mrs' Mary Blacknall is my own.]
Winter 2012 American Ancestors from NEGHS
David Allen Lambert's column, "The Online Genealogist Answers Your Questions", p.19.
My ancestor was listed as a "Mrs." in a 1750 Newbury, Massachusetts, record - even though I do not believe she had yet been married. Was "Mrs." ever used for unmarried women?
Yes. In an essay entitled "Terms of Relationship in Colonial Times" in The American Genealogist (55:53), noted genealogist George E. McCracken wrote: "The word 'Mr.' normally means a person of some prestige in the community, a civil official, a clergyman, a sea captain, a military officer, a merchant or wealthy landower ....The wife of one entitled to be called 'Mr.' is called 'Mrs.' and this latter term may mean an unmarried lady of the same class, whether abbreviated or spelled out as 'Mistress."
Robert Charles Anderson of the Great Migration Study Project notes that the use of "Mrs." for an unmarried woman is more an eighteenth-century than a seventeenth-century usage, with an increase in frequency beginning perhaps in the 1680s or 1690s.

I suspect Thomas Brookes was Mary's first and only husband. But if Mary was a young widow - a possibility that cannot be completely eliminated:
Was Mary's name Mary Iverson? Is this how the Iverson named was dispersed? Jonathan named a son Iverson - but his wife's father's name was Iverson Lewis.. Christopher W., son of Christopher, named a son Iverson. Elizabeth (Brooks) Holderness named a son Iverson. The Gwyn family in Caswell who had also come from Kingston Parish named a son Iverson Gwyn. Or perhaps Mary was nee Gwyn and the Iverson was an earlier association.

THOMAS BROOKES and MARY BLACKNALL had the following children:



Christopher BROOKES.



George BROOKES7,13 was born on 8 May 1757 in Gloucester County, Virginia.1,14 He was christened on 12 June 1757 in Gloucester County, Virginia.1,14 He served in the military in 1776 at Vannoy's Co, 10th Regt, NC in Revolutionary War. George died before 1782 at the age of 25.15

George Brookes was taxed in 1777 (the first year that Caswell was formed) for 650 acres of land in Gloucester District, Caswell Co., NC.

Kendall's abstracts of Caswell deeds, 1777-1817:
DB A, p.144 NC grant #57 to Elisha Parks - 300 acres both sides middle fork of the south fork of Country Line Cr adj Samuel Kelly, William Gooch, George Brooks, John Anthony, ELijah Mason. 3 May 1779 [I suspect this date was transcribed wrong and should have been 3 Mar 1779 as all the surrounding grants had that date. This land probably settled long before when there was no claims office.]
DB A, p.175 NC Grant #66 to Henry Williams, Wm Brown & Geo Brooks Jun. Chain Carriers [In this time frame the Junior would likely indicate there was an older George, not necessarily his father.] 3 Mar 1779
DBA, p.296 Elisha Parks to Thomas Johnston of Culpeper Co VA - the 300 acre grant above. Mentions same neighbors.

The following did not appear in Kendall's book - it does not seem to have been recorded.
Land grant for George Brooks in 1779 for 300 acres: North Carolina Land Grant, 1779, File no. 444: 300 acres, Entry no. 622 entered 11 Jan 1779; Grant no. 605, issued 13 Oct 1783; Book 53, p. 25; Located on the Middle fork of the South Fork of Country Line Creek

TN Land Entries
#3989 25 Nov 1783 Warrant 312 Cr.William Brooks, heir of Sgt. George Brooks, 1,000 acres delivered to Henry Williams; 84 months; file #13. Grant to Christopher William Brooks. [Vol 3, p.336] [for grant see file #104 in Davidson Co; warrant not mentioned in Glasgow land fraud]
[Christopher William Brooks is believed to be the son of Christopher Brooks who died in 1781 and his wife Susannah Williams, daughter of the above Henry. We know from the records of Christopher Brooks that Henry Williams was administrator of his estate. The logical explanation is that Sgt George Brooks, his uncle, had also died during the Revolution - under the laws of Primogeniture still in effect during the War, if George had no issue, any bounty land would revert to his eldest brother, and if that brother were also deceased but had sons, the brother's eldest son would then inherit. George's older brother Christopher had died and he did have a son - Christopher W. Brooks who would have then been the sole heir of his uncle George. This has been misunderstood by many and Christopher W. has been "assumed" to be a son of George. He was instead his nephew. There is no indication George ever married or had issue.]

#10382. Warrant 312; location 253 Jul. 10. Christopher W. Brooks, heir of Go. Brooks, 1000 acres about 6 miles SW from Stoners Lick; includes a spring and white oak tree marked "D W I E" and runs as law directs; removed.

These entries - apparently all for the same 429 acres involve a Thomas Brooks - possibly father of George, yet one entry calls him the "heir of George Brooks". Henry Williams again involved as the courier. The only nephew of George that was born this early was the above mentioned Christopher W. Brooks. As the father of the deceased, was Thomas also awarded land?
TN Land Entires.
#3988 25 Nov 1783 Warrant 311. Sgt. Andrew Haddock, 429 acres delivered to Henry William; 36 months; file #3. Grant to Thomas Brooks. [see grant file #108 in Davidson Co; warrant not mentioned in Glasgow land fraud]
#10383. Warrant 311; Location 667 Jul 10 Thomas Brooks assignee of Andw Haddock, 429 acres about 7 miles E of Stoners Lick; includes Indian Camp Spring and a shugar tree marked "A T" and a poplar "M R" and runs as the law directs; removed. [Part 6, p.1037]
#10714 Warrant 311. Location 476. Thomas Brooks, heir of Geo. Brooks, 429 acres on S side of Cumberland R about a mile above Wells Cr; border; begins 200 yards above a pond and runs up the river. May 2, 1785 removed & continued by Saml. Martin; Aug 11, 1785 discontinued by Saml. Martin
#10911 Warrant 311. Location 667. Mar 4 1785. Thomas Brooks to Andw Haddock, transfer 429 ac on S side of Cumberland R; border; begins at the first bluff above mouth of Red R, runs down the river, & W; John Eliot. [Part 6, p.1075]

Reference: North Carolina State Records, Clark, Vol. XVI, 1782-1783
page 106
Brooks, Geo., Sergt.
Name and Rank: Blanchett, Thos., Sergt.
Company: Vanoy's
Dates of Enlistment and Commission: 21 June '77
Period of Service: 3 yrs.
Occurrences: Pt. June '78

Vanoy apparently was from Caswell Co
Pension application of George Thomason S7712
Transcribed by Will Graves
State of North Carolina, Davidson County: Superior Court of Law
On this third day of October A. D. 1833 personally appeared in open Court before
the Judges of the Superior Court for the County of Davidson now sitting George
Thomason a resident of the County of Davidson and State aforesaid aged about seventy years who being first duly sworn according to Law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. He states that in the first place during the war Revolutionary war he entered the service for the first term in the County of Caswell then perhaps Orange [County] as a volunteer, and very young – it being during the revolutionary war, under the militia in a company commanded by Captain Vannoy [?] attached to a Regiment commanded by Colonel Sheppard as well as this Affiant can recollect – and it being in the winter of the year 1776
or 1777 that they marched to South Carolina.........

Col. Abraham Sheppard was of the 10th North Carolina Regiment. An online roster of his unit:
This is a roster of known soldiers from the 10th Regiment-Col. Abraham Shepard
The 10th North Carolina Regiment was authorized on April 17, 1777 as an unit of the North Carolina State Troops named Sheppard's Regiment. The regiment was organized from 19 April to 1 July 1777 at Kingston, North Carolina from men from the northeastern region of the state of North Carolina and was adopted and assigned to the main Continental Army on 17 June 1777 as Sheppard's Additional Continental Regiment. The regiment did not see any action. The regiment was disbanded on June 1, 1778 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
Brooks, Geo., Sergt.
2 June 1777
3 yrs.
Pt. June 1778, Corpl. Oct.1778, Sergt. Feb. 1779

There was also a George Brookes who remained in Gloucester Co whose wife was Barsheba. He also served in the Revolution. He is not the same man but perhaps kin.

1784 - First Census; Heads of Families in VA; Gloucester Co, Kingston Parish:
George Brookes: 6 white souls, 1 dwelling, 4 other buildings.
A Thomas Brooks was also listed - he cannot be the same as the Thomas Brookes who was already in Caswell Co NC at this time.

Isaac Smith, William Morgan, George Callis all testified to the Revolutionary Service of George Brookes. Entered service as a private under the command of Capt. Isaiah Foster in 1776 (at the time Dunsmore came to Grogans' Island). In 1776 in served at New Point for one month. In 1777 he served two tours of duty at the same place, serving under Capt. Foster. In 1778 he was called out under the command of Capt. Richard Billups and again served two tours at New Point. In 1779 he again served two tours at New Point under Billups. In 1780 he went out under command of Capt. Peter Barnett and served two tours at New Point. In 1781 he was again in service under Barnett when all the Militia of Gloucester Co was marched to Gloucester Court House and other points serving about three months. Mr. Callis served with him several times.

Testimonies refer to "children" of George Brookes, but only Mary Hudgins, born 19 Aug 1781, is named. Barsheba testified that George had died in 1791. By the time of the Pension Application, Gloucester County had become Mathews County. Barsheba stated she was seventy-four years of age, or born about 1762. She had married George Brooks in 1779; Bailey Diggs testified he was her brother and was present at the marriage. Parish records indicate he may have had a previous wife.






Jonathan BROOKES.









Thomas BROOKES Jr..