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27. Thomas "Byrd" ADAMSON21 was born about 1775 in Orange County, North Carolina.5 He died before September 1812 at the age of 37 in Jefferson County, Tennessee.1,5

Thomas may have been called Byrd Adamson. Some researchers have solved the question of his name by simply giving him two given names as "Thomas Byrd". He is said to have lived in Surry Co NC before moving to Jefferson Co TN. He is believed to be a son of Simon Adamson, and brother to Jonathan,

A book called The Adamson Source Book: A Genealogy of the Descendants of Rachel Williams Adams (1776-1850) of Surry Co NC, Jefferson Co TN, and Lawrence Co, IN, by Ben F. Dixon and Alice Louise Dwelle Dixon, published in 1942, claims that Rachel married a Byrd D. Adamson, son of an Alexander from Wales. Obviously they never found Rachel's marriage record from Jefferson Co, TN - to Thomas Adamson - nor did they find the will of Thomas, naming Rachel as his wife. Therefore, this book is greatly in error. There is no indication the Adamson brothers in Jefferson Co TN were sons of an Alexander and that given name doesn't occur anywhere among their descendants.

30 Dec 1797. Simon Adamson bought from John Adamson, 75 acres in Jefferson Co TN where he was then living. Witnessed by Thomas Adamson. DB D, p.178

Jefferson Co TN, DB I, p.133 [notice this deed made 6 Dec 1800, but not proved in court until 1808]
6 Dec 1800 Jeremiah Horn of Willson Co TN. Appoints Jonathan Harrold of Jefferson Co TN his attorney to execute deeds of conveyance to Simon Adamson Senr and Thomas Adamson. 100 acres in Sinking Cane Valley, draught of Beaver Creek. And to Elisha Harold, 200 acres adj the said 100 acres. To Morgan Thornburgh, 100 acres. Being tract of 400 acres surveyed for me on 17 Aug 1793 by Joseph McCulloch, Warrent from John Carters Office No 1834, dated 6 Oct 1779. Which obligations by assignment are now in the names of the aforesaid persons, to wit Simon Adamson Senr and Thomas Adamson to 100 acres. Elisha Harold to 200 acres. Morgan Thornburgh to 100 acres. My deeds not coming to hand yet but there being a prospect at present that I shall soon obtain one. Whenever my attorney shall be in possession of my deeds that he should execute deeds of Conveyance to the before named persons. . Signed: Jeremyah Horn. Wit: Joseph thornbrug Sr, Joseph Thornbrugh, Junr. Proved in Court July Session 1808.

4 May 1809. Simon Adamson Jr. & Thomas Adamson witnessed a deed of Jonathan Adamson, Jefferson Co TN. DB J., p.174

18 Jan 1810 Simon Adamson bought 15 acres in Jefferson Co, adjoining Simon Adamson, witnessed by Thomas Adamson & David Adamson who signed with his mark, DB J, p.161
[I believe this is likely David, eldest son of Jonathan Adamson]

18 Feb 1810 Thomas Adamson purchased land in Jefferson Co adjoining Simon Adamson Jr., wit by Simon Jr and David Adamson. DB J, p.183

The oldest child of Thomas & Rachel was only about 15 when Thomas wrote his will. He appointed two of his brothers as executors and two of the other brothers witnessed the will. Probably all five were living in Jefferson Co TN at the time.
Jefferson Co TN Will Book 2, p.33
I Thomas Adamson of the County of Jefferson and state of Tennessee being very sick and weak but in perfect mind and memory thanks to given to God, Calling unto Mind the mortality of my body and noing that it is apointed for all men once to die do make and Ordain this My last will and testament and as touching such worldly Astates wherewith it hath pleased god to bless me in this life. I give and Devise and Dispose of the Same in the following Manor and form and first of all I give and bequeath to Rachel my beloved wife and with all the land together with all my house hold goods debts and Moveable effects to Mantain my Children upon during her widowhood all and Singular My lands Messuages and tennaments by her freely to be possessed and injoy during her widowhood but if Said Rachel Adamson Shall marry again then only to have a Childs parts of My Estate & the Rest of my astate to be equally divided amongst My Children and I do hereby utterly disallow revok and disanul all and every other former testaments wills and legaces bequeath and Executors by me in any ways before Named willed and bequeathed ratifing & conforming this and no other to be my will & testament in witness whereof I have hereunto Set My hand and Seal this 15th of the 2nd [or 9th] month 1812, further I apoint John Adamson and Jonathan Adamson My Brothers My Executors of My astate. Signed, Sealed, published pronounced declared by me Thomas Adamson as his last will and testament in the presants of us who in his presants and in the presents of Each Other have hereunto Ascribed our Names the Year and Day above riten.
Signed: Thomas Adamson
Wit: Simon Adamson, Enos Adamson.

Rachel, along with her children, settled in Lawrence Co IN in 1817 as pioneer settlers.

The birthdates of the children are from a Bible record found in a grandson's Bible. Blanch (Cox) Baker found it in the bible of her father - Henry Cox, son of Alec Cox and Zibeah Adamson.

Thomas "Byrd" ADAMSON and Rachel WILLIAMS were married on 6 August 1796 in Jefferson County, Tennessee.1,5,16,21 Rachel WILLIAMS21,22,23,24, daughter of ISAAC WILLIAMS and RACHEL PIKE, was born on 10 September 1776 in Surry County, North Carolina.21 She died between 1830 and 1840 at the age of 54.

A small self-published book by Ben. F. Dixon in San Diego, 1960, titled The Adamson Source Book contains material about Rachel that is erroneous. The book has her married to a Byrd D. Adamson, supposedly a son of a Welchman Alexander Adamson, who had lived in Dublin. Byrd & his brothers Jesse, Enos, John & Simon, said to have immigrated from Ireland. Unfortunately Jesse, Enos, John & Simon Adamson are all sons of Simon Adamson Sr and were all born in North Carolina. There are other errors in the book. The marriage record of Rachel Williams to Thomas Adamson, 6 Aug 1796, in Jefferson Co TN is the first on record in that county. Perhaps Thomas had the nickname "Byrd". The book does repeat several times that no records of a Byrd Adamson could be found - not surprising if his name was Thomas.
The same information was picked up by Barber in her manuscript and she states Rachel married Byrd D. Adamson.
The book Pike Family History handles the problem by having Rachel married twice - to Thomas Adamson and then to Byrd D. Adamson. This book also states erroneously that Thomas Adamson was born in Dublin, Ireland. The spacing of Rachel's children leaves no gaps that could account for a time as a widow.

Rachel married "out of unity" in the Quaker records and her first child was born 6 months later.

Moved with her family to Jefferson Co TN before 1797. She was a member of Lost Creek Quaker Meeting near Newmarket when it was established. She was dismissed for marrying out of unity but later condemned her marriage to an infidel. 29 Aug 1812 she requested and received full membership for her nine children. Thomas is not mentioned; was she a widow by that date? [In 1810, Thomas was witnessing deeds of his brothers but I find no deed of Thomas after this date - he wrote his will in 1812, but whether it is dated 2nd or 9th month is difficult to determine.] On 25 Aug 1817, Rachel was issued a certificate of transfer to the Lick Creek Meeting IN. She is in the 1820 & 1830 Censuses in Lawrence Co IN. In 1820 she was living near Isaac Williams, her brother, and William Cox, husband of daughter Zibeah.

1820:
Rachel Williams: 2m -10, 1m 16-18, 1m 16-26 [probably same boy]. 1f -10, 1f 10-16, 1f 26-45.

1830 Census. Lawrence Co IN. Daughter Nancy & husband Elbert Evans were the next entry, with son Jesse Adamson after the Evans's.
Rachel Adamson: 1m 15-20 (Ira), 1m 20-30, 1f 15-20 (Ivy), 1f age 50-60 (Rachel)

Rachel is not found in 1840, likely deceased.

Thomas "Byrd" ADAMSON and Rachel WILLIAMS had the following children:

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i.

Alice "Alsey" ADAMSON.

79

ii.

Edmund ADAMSON12,25 was born on 23 March 1798 in Cocke County, Tennessee.26 He died between 1840 and 1850 at the age of 42 in Lawrence County, Indiana.25

Indiana marriage database, Lawrence Co: Edmund Adamson married Susannah Evans, 27 May 1824. Susannah is said born 7 Feb 1806, died 4 Sep 1887, Lawrence Co IN.

1830 Census. Lawrence Co IN
Edmund Adamson: 1m under 5, 1m 5-10, 1m 30-40. 1f under 5, 1f 20-30.

1840 Census. Lawrence Co IN
Edmund Adamson: 1m under 5, 1m 5-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 15-20, 1m 40-50. 2f 5-10, 1f 10-15, and 1f age 30-40
He was listed next to his brother Jesse.

Edmund had apparently died prior to 1850 - probably circa 1842.
1850 Census. Indian Creek Twp, Lawrence Co IN, Hh 698
Susan Adamson, age 43, b. KY
Children all born in Indiana: Lorenzo D., age 25. Eliza A., age 23. Ivy, age 21 [male]. Elbert, age 18. Elizabeth age 15. Rachael A., age 14. Isaac D., age 12. Susan A., age 9
Wm. M. Boyd, age 21, farmer [he later married Elizabeth]
Elizabeth Evans, age 67, b. GA [probably Susan's mother]

+80

iii.

William W. ADAMSON.

+81

iv.

John Wesley ADAMSON.

82

v.

Jesse ADAMSON25 was born on 2 January 1804.26

The Bible record is reported with a birth year of 1803, but that is only 5 months after the birth of John. The year has been adjusted. I have seen it other places as 1804.

Married Evaline/Eliza Evans. Died in Lawrence Co. IN

The marriage is in the Indiana marriage database - Jesse Adamson to Evaline Evans, Lawrence Co, 31 May 1829.

1830 Census. Lawrence Co IN. Jesse was two entries from his mother, with Elbert Evans in between. Elbert was married to his sister Nancy.
Jesse had one male child under 5, himself age 20-30, and his wife Evaline age 15-20.

1840 Census. Lawrence Co IN
Jesse Adamson, next to his brother Edmund
1m under 5, 1m 5-10, 1m 10-15, 1m 30-40. 1f 5-10, 1f 20-30.

1850 Census. Indian Creek Twp, Lawrence Co IN Hh 682
Jesse Adamson, age 45, b. TN. Evaline, age 35, b. KY
children all born in IN
Elkana, age 20 [male], Disabled. James L. age 18. Cynthia A. age 16. Thomas, age 14.

83

vi.

Harmon ADAMSON was born on 6 September 1806.26

The Bible record appeared to say 1804, but the day as 6 Sep was the same as Nancy. Nothing else is known about Harmon and it's supposed he was a twin of Nancy's that died in infancy.

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vii.

Nancy ADAMSON25 was born on 6 September 1806 in Cocke County, Tennessee.26

Married Stoke Evans according to tradition.

Indiana marriage database. Lawrence Co IN: Nancy Adamson married Elbert Evans, 9 Mar 1826.

1830 Census. Lawrence IN. Living between her widowed mother, and Nancy's brother Jesse:
Elbert Evans: 1m under 5, 1m 20-30. 2f under five, and 1f age 20-30

85

viii.

Ira ADAMSON25 was born on 29 February 1808 in Cocke County, Tennessee.26

Married Sophia Evans. Moved to Illinois, then Oklahoma.

Indiana marriage database. Ira Adamson married Polly Evans, Lawrence Co, 5 Apr 1835. Abraham Kern, M.G. married them.


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ix.

Zibeah ADAMSON25 was born on 25 February 1810 in Cocke County, Tennessee.26 She died on 28 March 1891 at the age of 81 in Lawrence County, Indiana.

Married Alexander Cox, son of William and Jane Roubottom Cox. Died in Lawrence Co IN. Bible records show Alexander as born 10 Oct 1813. Their children in the Bible are listed as:
Henry, born 17 Nov 1836
Tabitha, born 3 Feb 1838
Rachel J., born 22 Oct 1842
Sintha Ann, born 29 Nov 1846
Abel L. born 16 Aug 1848
Note: this does not explain George W., age 3 months, and Lucinda, age 6, in the 1850 census - were they a nephew & niece rather than children of Alexander & Ziba?]

Simon Cox, brother of Alexander married a Rachel Adamson. I'm not sure which Rachel this was.

The marriage is in the Indiana marriage database, Lawrence Co., Zeba Adamson to Alexander Cox, 23 Oct 1834.

1850 Census. Indian Creek Twp, Lawrence Co, IN Hh 794
Alexander Cox, age 38, b. NC. Zibbe, age 38, b. TN
Children b. in IN: Henry 12, Tabitha 10, Jane 8, Cynthia A. 4, George W., age 3 months
Jno. F. Hendrickson, age 21; Israel W., 18; Simeon J. 10
Malinda Adamson, age 15. [probably niece, daughter of brother Ivy - she married John Hendrickson]
Lucinda Cox, age 6.


+87

x.

Ivy ADAMSON.