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THE HAYES FAMILY
This family has proved difficult to persue as the research has been revolving around Henry Hayes, born in Manchester abt 1833 but who moved at some point to London as a Cab Man.  Although it appears that he married twice, neither marriage can  be found; it is very likely that he didn't in fact marry either of his "wives" and hence, so his father's name remains a mystery. I have one clue as to who his mother may have been - on the 1861 census there are a small number of Henry Hayes' born in Manchester but living in London. The one that stands out for me is Elizabeth Taylor living with her son Henry Hayes born in Manchester. Infortunately this census does not mention his occupation. Elizabeth Hayes had married Elijah Taylor in 1847 - she was a widow at the time - her father was Samuel Braben.
In the 1851 census Henry had been called Henry Taylor. I cannot think of a way at present to prove that this Henry is ours but I am working on it!!

Henry Hayes was a Cab man, born in Manchester abt 1833 according to his age at death.
He appeared to have married
Emily Mills  at some time before 1871.  At the time of the 1871 census, they were living at 8 Margaret Street, Clerkenwell (RG10/386/20/36&37) as follows:

Henry Hayes   head   age  34    Cab Driver   born Manchester, Lancs
Emily     "         wife            32                         born St Giles, Middlesex
Mary A  "        dau             11    scholar         born St Pancras
Letitia     "        dau              6    scholar         born Holborn
Betsy       "       dau               2                         born Holborn


However, having been unable to find either Henry, Emily of Mary Ann on the 1861 census, I began to think that perhaps he had a different wife at that time. The only clue to the early family was a marriage of
Letitia Boyd to Thomas Burge in 1885 and this was significant as in 1891 they had living with them a niece Adelaide Elizabeth Hayes born in 1890, who we knew was the illegitimate daughter of Martha Adelaide, daughter of Henry born 1871.  It was pointed out to me that Letitia Boyd may have been the daughter of an earlier marriage of Emily Mills. This was investigated and found to be the case.

Emily Mills
(daughter of James Mills, bootmaker, and Martha) married James Adam Boyd on 23rd November, 1857 at Old Church, St. Pancras. They had the following children:

Emily Elizabeth Boyd b 2.3.1858, bp 28.3.1858 Old Church St. Pancras
                                     m 23.7.1877 Islington to
William Peter Robert Wright
Mary Ann Rebecca Boyd b 12.11.1860, bp 16.12.1860 Old Church St. Pancras
James John Boyd (Costermonger) b 28.8.1863, bp 27.9.1863 Old Church St. Pancras
Letitia Boyd b 6.11.1865, bp 12.8.1866 Old Church St. Pancras
                       m dec 1885 Islington to
  Thomas Burge

Emily was not widowed (James Boyd died in 1883), but at some point she became the partner of Henry Hayes and they had the following four daughters;

Betty Elizabeth Hayes b 1868 Clerkenwell
                                           m (1881-1901)
William Herbert Carrington (Saddler major)
Martha Adelaide Hayes b 3.6.1871 Clerkenwell - she had illegitimate daughter Adelaide Elizabeth Hayes in 1890
                                            m1  2Q 1895 Pancras to
Alfred Philip Howes (died sep 1900)
                                           
m2 2Q 1911 Islington to William Briggs
Louisa Maria Hayes b 2.10.1875 Clerkenwell (my Great grandmother)
                                      m 29.5.1895 at Clerkenwell to
Robert Charles Streatfield
                                      d May 1959 Tottenham
Rebecca Ameilia Hayes b Dec 1879 Clerkenwell
                                             m1 2Q 1901 Hackney to
Charles Edward Thickpenny (d 1902)
                                             m2 3Q 1909 to
George Ketterer/Ketchara (b Germany 1862)

At the time of the 1881 Census they were living at 12 Union Square, St. James, Clerkenwell (RG11/0353/89/38).  Emily died
in 1887 aged 47. Her death was registered at Holborn under her name of
Emily Boyd.
At some point between then and 1891 Henry appears to have remarried, although again, no marriage has been found. He is found in 1891 living at 101 Pentonville Road, Clerkenwell (RG12/224/11/13) with "wife"
Elizabeth, a step-daughter Janet Redding (a tailor's assistant aged 16) and a step-son J.T. Redding aged 11.

Looking back to 1881, it appears that
Elizabeth Hall  had been married in 1866 to William Reading, a cab driver and at that time they had lived in Sidney Grove, very close to Henry Hayes and Emily.  It appears that William died in 1885, aged 44 and it is very likely that he had been a work colleague/friend of Henry.
That being the case, Henry would become step-father to these children of Elizabeth's:

Priscilla Reading b 1866 Islington
Mary A Reading b 1870 Islington
Eliza Reading b 1871 Islington
Amos Reading b 1873 Clerkenwell
Janet Maud Reading b 1875 Clerkenwell (Tailoress)
                                     m ? to ? Billing
Anne Reading b 1877 Clerkenwell
Thomas Reading b 1880 Islington

In 1901 Henry and Elizabeth were living at 35 Luard St, Private, Islington  RG13/179/113/25), together with
Janet Maud, tailoress who was now become Mrs Billing.
Henry died on 6th December, 1910 aged 77 at Islington and was buried at Islington cemetry (plot Z/15546).

Emily Elizabeth Boyd married William Wright in 1877 at Islington.  He was a cab washer and may well have worked with Henry Hayes.  In the 1881 census William, Emma [Emily] and 2 sons were living at 16 Storey Street, London with Emily's brother James Boyd, a Costermonger.

Nothing is known for certain about what happened to
Mary Ann Boyd born in 1860. It was supposed that by 1881 she was probably married, however there is an entry in the 1881 census of Southwark showing a Mary Ann "Hayes", tailoress aged 22, together with a daughter Louisa Hayes aged 2 born in Southwark. This may well be her. It appears that the daughters of Emily and James Boyd, took on the name Hayes when they were living with Henry, although when they married they were registered under the name Boyd. This was the case with Letitia.

Letitia "Hayes" was found to be living at 44 Theberton St, London, Middlesex (RG11/0225/80/21) in 1881 as a 16 year old servant, the head of household being James Mason, a Coffee House keeper.   She married Thomas Burge, a carpenter in 1885; as in 1891 the couple are living at 9 Henry Street, Clerkenwell with an 8 month old niece called Adelaide E Hayes.
We know that Letitia's sister,
Martha Adelaide Hayes  had an illegitimate daughter, Ada, and so this is almost certainly her!  Then by 1901 then Thomas and Letitia were living at 37 Southborough, East Ham, Essex (RG13/1602/71/5), Adelaide was recorded at Adelaide Burge aged 10.  Whether they had officially adopted her is not known.  Adelaide appears to have married Arthur Payne in 1914 at West Ham; her name was registered as Hayes..

Betty Elizabeth Hayes married William Herbert Carrington, a sadler major, sometime after 1885.  In 1901 they were living
at Regents Park Barracks, St Pancras  (RG13/135/113/2).

Martha Adelaide Hayes was a 20 year old servant by the time of the 1891 census, living at 8 Dinsmore Terrace, Fulham  (RG12/53/59/18).  As stated above, she was at this time, the mother of Adelaide Elizabeth Hayes born eight months earlier at Marylebone.  Her daughter was being cared for by her sister Letitia.   Martha went on to marry Alfred Philip Howes in 1895 at Pancras but he appears to have died in 1900.  She then married William Briggs in 1911 at Islington. 

Lousia Maria Hayes
married Robert Charles Streatfield in May,1895. 

Rebecca Amelia Hayes
was found in the 1901 census as a domestic servant living at 92 Brighton Road, Hornsey, London (RG13/208/15/21/175) for a widow, Sarah A Pope.  In June of 1901 Rebecca married Charles Edward Thickpenny born in 1879 Newport Pagnell. They had a daughter Dorothy May Thickpenny soon after their marriage.  Charles, however, died the following year in 1902 and Rebecca remarried George Ketterer or Ketchara in 1909.  They also had a daughter Elvera Ketchara born in 1909. George Ketterer appears on the 1901 census of Stoke Newington as a 39 year old clerk born in Germany living with his then wife Esther and children Francisca, Wilhelm, Elsa and Leonora.  


                      
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