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Descendants of William C Raymond

William Chapman Raymond, son of John Raymond (1783-1850) and Elizabeth Chapman (1790-1829), born 1813 in Christ Church, Southwark, London, England 1, 4, baptised 29 Apr 1814 in Christ Church, Southwark 12. He died aged 60 on 20 Nov 1873 6, 1 at St. John's Wood, reg. Marylebone. He married in Sep. Qtr. 1845 2 reg. Kensington, Eliza North, born St. Johns Wood, Middlesex 4.
      William followed in his father John's footsteps by serving in 1859 as the master (or ruler) of the Company of Watermen and Lightermen. He was recorded in the lightermen apprenticeship binding records as bound as an apprentice lighterman to his father at St. Saviour's on 10 Apr 1828 and as completing the apprenticeship on 14 May 1835. He had apprentices bound to himself at St. Saviour's and Bankside in 1841, 1845, 1864 and at Bermondsey in 1866 3.
      William and his younger brother John (who later became a barrister-at-law) were the witnesses to their uncle Mead Raymond's 1840 executed will. At the probate court hearing in Sept. 1843 William gave his occupation as Wharfinger and address as 15 St. Saviour's Church Yard, Southwark - the residence of his father where he was also listed as residing at the 1841 census. The 1851 census had his birth place as Christ Church, Surrey, occupation as wharfinger, address as Sutton Common, Surrey, and in addition to his wife and the first two of his three children the household had two resident female domestic servants.
      In the 1861 census he was listed as a Granary Keeper and Lighterman, aged 47 years, born Southwark, residing at 4 Montague Place, Clapham Road, Lambeth, with wife Eliza aged 32 born St Johns Wood, Middlesex, their three children, and the household had three resident female domestic servants. In the 1871 census his address had changed to 149 Clapham Road, Lambeth. His occupation was given as Granary Keeper, the household comprised his three children, daughter-in-law Edith M and grandson Erskine North (who later emigrated to Australia), and two female servants. The absence of wife Eliza was not because she was deceased, as she was the executor to whom her son Dudley's will probate was granted in August 1872 when her residence was given as as St. Leonard's On Sea, near Hastings in Sussex, being the same as Dudley's when he died in May that year 7.
      The 1874 Probate Index listed William's residence when he died in November 1873 as 13, Abbey Rd., St. John's Wood, Middlesex 6. St. John's Wood was where his wife was born. That he resided there when he died suggests he may have left Lambeth after the 1871 census. One of his executors was Robert Linton Charrington of Carshalden who the BDM indexes record as dying in 1880 aged 73 years. Suggesting there was a family relationship is that William named his second born son Herbert Linton. A possible relationship explanation may be that William's mother-in-law and Robert Charrington's mother-in-law could have been sisters with the maiden surname of Linton. 1807 born Robert Linton Charrington is a mystery as his name has not been identified in the 1841 to 1871 census of England indexes. The 1851 census listed a Charrington household in Carshalton - a Mary 82, Elizabeth 45 & Bellerth 42, and three servants.

Children of William Chapman Raymond and Eliza North were:
+  1.  i.     Dudley Raymond
+  2.  ii.    Edith Raymond
+  3.  iii.   Herbert Linton Raymond
SECOND GENERATION

1.   Dudley Raymond, born ca. 1848 4 Sutton, Surrey, England, bapt. 3 Aug 1848 36 parish of Sutton, Surrey, England ; died aged 24 years on 29 May 1872 5 , reg. Hastings, Sussex, England, aged 24 years. He married 1 Dec 1869 in India, Edith Malet Ellis, b. ca. 1849 4 Umballa district, Punjab, India, eldest daughter of Rev. Fitzhenry William Ellis; died aged 53 on 23 Nov 1902 at Southsea, Hampshire, England 8, 9. She remarried in Jun. Qtr. 1884 10, reg. Kensington, John Boulderson, b. ca. b. 8 Apr 1838 in India; d. in Dec. Qtr. 1925 reg. Portsmouth, England 17.
       Dudley was listed in the census taken on 2 April 1871 in his father's household aged 23, with wife Edith aged 22, and 6 months old son Erskine North. The cause of his death a year later at the young age of 24 years has not been ascertained. The probate index and death duty register for 1872 listed his mother Eliza Raymond as an executor of his will, Lenes as the court of the probate, and when he died place of residence as St. Leonards-on-Sea that adjoins Hastings where his death was registered 7.
       In the March 1871 census Dudley's occupation was given as an Ensign in the 14th Regiment. Ensign must have been his then substantive rank as it was stated in the judgement on a remarkable High Court case brought by his widow Edith against the executor of his father's estate that in August 1869 whilst serving in India his rank was Lieutenant. On the 25 Mar 1872 two months before his 29 May death, when Dudley's daughter Violet was baptised by his wife Edith's father Rev. F. W. Ellis, the church parish register recorded his occupation as "late Lieutenant 14th regiment" indicating by then he was no longer in the army and when he resigned his commission his substantive rank had likely been Lieutenant. At the hearing of the High Court case the parties were represented by four Q.C.'s and five solicitors. In the legal history of England such must surely rank as a record for senior counsel representation at a hearing of a simple pre-nuptial contract case where the facts were not in dispute!
       On 7 May 1879, a few weeks after Edith lost the High Court case The Times of London reported, in a listing of those presented to the Queen Victoria at a Court & Drawing Room at Buckingham Place, that Mrs. Dudley Raymond had been presented to Her Majesty by Lady Willougby. In the 1881 census Edith was listed as aged 32 residing in Kensington with son Erskine aged 10.

Children of Dudley Raymond and Edith Malet Ellis were:
    4.    i.     Erskine North Dudley Raymond
    5.    ii.    Violet North Raymond

Second Marriage

       On 19 April 1884 Dudley's widow Edith married Lieut.-Colonel John Boulderson (retired) and had three more children whose births were registered at Kensington - viz. in 1886 John William Ellis, 1888 Ruby Edith, and 1889 George Henry Carne. At the 1891 UK census the household comprised wife Edith, the three children, and three domestic servants.
       When Edith's first Boulderson child was born in 1886 the newspaper notice stated her husband was "late of the 91st Highlanders" and in 1913 it was stated he was "late Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders". The explanation for the disparity in regiment name is that by 1882 he had retired and in 1881 the 91st was amalgamated with the 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot then becoming the 1st Battalion of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. It is understood photographs exist of him when he served in the 91st Highlanders. After leaving school in 1855 he had joined the 71st Highland regiment in 1856 as an Ensign and served with it in the Indian Mutiny Campaign in 1858. Sometime after 1875 he transfered to the 91st Highlanders and participated in the Zulu War in South Africa 1879 25.
       According to the published registers of Cheltenham College, John Boulderson was born on 8th April 1838 and was the son of Major John Carne Boulderson then of the 35th Madras Native Infantry (who at retirement was a Lieut. Colonel in the East India Company military in India) and from Easter 1853 to Dec. 1855 attended the college. A younger brother William Patrick Oliphant, born 18 Jan. 1840, was recorded in the register as attending from August 1853. There were two more children - Mary Ann in 1841 who married Albert Wight in 1877 and after a 16 year gap in 1854 Henry Allan Balfour. Likewise to his brother John, William P. O. joined the army as an Ensign and rose to the rank of Lieut.-Colonel. By 1885 he had retired from the army and he died in England in 1890 at age 50. The other brother Henry A. B. died in 1934 and at retirement was a Liuet.-Colonel in H.M. Army. John Boulderson lived on for 23 years after wife Edith's death and died in 1925 aged 87 23, 24.
       The Boulderson family was related through early marriage to the Groube and Carne families (two Groube younger first cousins of John and William P. O. also attended Cheltenham College). In the 17th century the Boulddrson family origins trace back to London and from c. 1759 to Falmouth in Cornwall the birth place of Major John Carne Boulderson. A compiler researched compilation of Boulderson family history and genealogy from circa 1685 in London can be found at the link.
       The birth and death columns of The Times newspaper recorded that at young ages tragedy continued to stalk Edith's family 11. Of her three Boulderson children the eldest John William Ellis, a Lieutenant in the Royal Munster Fusiliers, died unmarried in England in 1913 aged 27. The husband of only daughter Ruby Edith, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Edward Dewing D.S.O. of the Royal Berkshire Regiment, was killed in action on 4 April 1918 at 29 years of age whilst leading his regiment leaving a less than one year old daughter daughter Patricia D. Conceived before his death and, born six months after on 17 October, was another daughter Jean Phyllis. Tragically just 17 days after the first anniversary of husband Robert's death Ruby died at age 31 years from the influenza pandemic that swept the world killing 20 to 40 million people leaving the two daughters orphaned. They were raised by their Dewing relatives. Noted in a May 1937 report in The Times was that likewise to their grandmother Edith they were presented to the ruling monarch 11. In 1946 Patricia married Major Christopher M. D. Burnett and they had one daughter. Jean had a daughter from her 1941 first marriage to Louis Fredrick "Nick" Carter who was killed at age 33 in WW II in Libya on 2 June 1942 and a son and a daughter from her 1945 second marriage to Spencer Crookenden 21.
       Edith's third child George Henry Carne attended Clare College, Cambridge and served in the armed forces in Africa during WW I. References have been noted of him from 1926 as a District Officer in the Colonial Administrative Service in Kenya. The Times recorded a promotion in 1935 to a Provincial Commissioner. It recorded the birth of a son in Mombasa in 1936 and the death there in 1945 of his wife Coralie Stanford who died aged 39 years on 26 Aug 1945 and is buried in lot 424 in Mbaraki Cemetery. In the same cemetery in lot 10A is buried John Boulderson who died on 26 Feb 1935 aged 1 month & 2 days who was likely another child 22. The London Gazette of 26 April 1938 notified George H. C. Boulderson's appointment as Provincial Commissioner, Coast Province. He became Governor of the Coastal Provinces and died in 1969 aged 79. An obituary (unsighted) was published in 1969 on page 57 of either Clare College's The Lady Clare Magazine or The Clare Association Annual.
2.   Edith Raymond, born June Qtr. 1850 Sutton, Surrey, England, reg. Epsom, bapt. 11 Sep 1850 36, parish of Sutton, Surrey; died aged 80 in 1930 in New Zealand (reg. #1930-2383), buried Waikumate Cemetery; married Dec. Qtr. 1874 (V. 2c, p. 249) reg. Winchester, Hampshire, England, Andrew Michael Creagh, born 2 Oct 1842 Bombay 47, India ; died 3 Aug 1910 47 Krugersdorp, Transvaal, South Africa, youngest son of Lieut.-General Creagh.
     From 1851 to 1871 Edith was listed In the UK census in her father's household with her place of birth given as Sutton, Surrey. In the 1881 census she was listed aged 31 with husband Andrew Creagh aged 38 whose occupation was given as a Captain in the 42nd Regiment, and their three children aged 1 to 5 years in the civil parish of Alverstoke in Hampshire and the household employed three of whom one was a governess. At the 1891 census Andrew was listed as a retired army Colonel aged 48 and, the household then located in the civil parish of Bromley in Kent, comprised the same five family members and three employees of whom one was the same governess employed 10 years earlier.
       That her husband's father was a Lieutenant General in the army is derived his 1910 obituary. It seems likely he would have been Lieut.-General James Creagh who when he died on 1 Aug 1875 was Colonel of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot 49. The quarter of a century British Army career of Andrew Creagh was with the 42nd Royal Highlanders (Black Watch) regiment. It has been traced by gazetted notifications of his appointments and newspaper articles etc. He was first noted in Dec 1861 appointed an Instructor of Musketry when his rank was Ensign. Hart's quarterly published New Army List for July 1865 gave his position in the 42nd as Instructor of Musketry and rank as Lieutenant, the date as 20 Dec 1861, and at the publication date his period of service as 5 years indicating he would have joined the 42nd as an Ensign in 1860. During his career he spent 10 years in India and was stationed at Malta from 1874 to 1878 when the first two children were born. When he retired effective 22 Nov 1884 his rank was Major and position Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General and he was granted the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 41.
       In 1888 before the family left England Andrew was one of eight company directors and officers prosecuted at the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court on 10 Dec 1888 on a charge of criminal libel. Leaving no doubt as to his identity is that he was named in the lengthy trial record as Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Michael Creagh. Together with three of the other defendants he was a director of London printing and publishing company Judd and Co. Limited that had six major shareholders. Judd & Co. had printed on behalf of the Constitutional Newspaper Company Limited a newspaper named St. Stephen's Review that the prosecution alleged contained several falsehoods concerning an induvidual described at the trial as a political activist and ultra-Gladstonian. Whilst the secretary of Judd & Co. was acquited the company's four directors and three similarly indicted directors of the newspaper company were found guilty by the jury. In delivering judgement the jury stated they did not consider the case ought to have been brought to the Court.

Emigration to New Zealand

       It appears the family emigrated to New Zealand about a year after the April 1891 taken UK census. The first mention of the family in NZ was in a list of "Visitors to Christchurch" dated 1 June 1892 when the Colonel and his four family members were listed as from London and staying at the Terminus Hotel. They were next noted listed in the Auckland Star of 26 July 1892 as arrivals in Auckland from Wellington on the SS Southern Cross. The next mention was an advertisment in March 1894 in the Auckland Star for the sale by auction at his "Meadow Bank Farm", located near St. John's College, of the Colonel's dairy herd comprising 77 head and equipment on account he was retiring from the milk business 37. When the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, who upon the death of Edward VII became King George V and Queen Mary, visted New Zealand in June 1901 among those present at a reception for them at Government house on 11 June 1901 were listed - "Colonel and Mrs. Creagh, Miss Creagh, and Mr. Ivan Creagh".

Anglo-Boer War Service

       In New Zealand, and in all the Australian colonies, Andrew Creagh's knowledge and views on the state of preparedness of the British army to fight a war in South Africa were reported in the newspapers in October 1899. As the representative of the Marquis of Tullibardine he was responsible in 1901 for recruiting 250 volunteers in Victoria for service in the 1899-1902 Anglo-Boer War in a South African cavalry regiment named the Scottish Horse formed by the Marquis for which about 1000 Victorian men volunteered with over 700 applications received before Andrew announced no further applications would be accepted.
       In the recruiting for the Scottish Horse he had the full support of the Victorian Minister for Defence Mr. McCulloch. On 31 Dec 1900 the Sydney Morning Herald reported the Minister thought - "an effort should be made to comply with the request of the Marquis of Tullibardine for the services of 150 Scotsmen". Boer War related web sites mentioning this recruitment usually quote the Marquis as believing the Caledonian Society of Melbourne, to whom he had written seeking its support for the recruitment, enthusiastically responded and was responsible for the recruitment of the 250. However the fact was exactly the opposite. Obviously unknown to the Marquis heavyweight opposition to the recruitment came from Malcolm M'eacharn the president of the approx. 800 member Caledonian Society of Melbourne who had been knighted in 1900 and served as Melbourne's Mayor for three years from 1896-1899. When M'eacharn went public in the Melbourne press with his influentual opposition to the recruitment he mentioned Colonel Creagh had personally called upon him seeking his support. If it had not been for the availability for service of 125 men, who had qualified for the Sixth Victorian Contingent but were balloted out in the final ballot, the outspoken opposition of the Caledonian Society of Melbourne president would have caused Andrew's recruiting effort to partially fail.
       In respect of the Scottish Horse recruits departing for South Africa, on 31 Jan 1901 The Argus newspaper reported - "It is considered probable that Colonel Creagh, who has had so much to do with enrolling the troops, will accompany them to South Africa" 38.

  
Left photo - on right Capt. A. M. Creagh seated beside Major the Marquis of Tullibardine
Cape Town March 1901. Right photo - Major Creagh of the "Scottish Horse" 1902 48

       In company with the 5th Contingent of Victorian Volunteers the Scottish Horse recruits departed Melbourne for Cape Town on 15 Feb 1901 on the Orient where they arrived on 8 March accompanied as foreshadowed by Andrew Creagh who was then 58 years old - an age that must surely rank him as if not the oldest then one of the oldest persons appointed to officer rank in a British or South African irregular regiment during the Anglo-Boer war. In South Africa the Victorian recruits joined the 2nd regiment in which on the day after arrival in Cape Town Andrew was appointed a Captain. The National Library of South Africa, in its' Cape Town held pictures collection, holds a photograph of the regiment marching out of Cape Town to join the front on 20 March 1901 46. In official despatches and, in a letter written in June 1901 by one of the Victorian recruits from the war front , it was recorded Andrew Creagh was lightly wounded in the first serious skirmish the 2nd regiment had with the Boer forces that took place at Roodekrantz farm, Krugersdorp, Transvaal Colony on 30 April and 1 May 1901 39. Shortly after this engagement commander of the Scottish Horse the Marquis of Tullibardine, in a letter written from Middleburg to the Caledonian Society in London under whose auspices the English members of the corps were raised, commented - "The Australians are the best set of calvary I have seen out here yet." After the wounding Andrew must have returned almost immediately to New Zealand on leave to recuperate as six weeks later with wife Edith and their two youngest children he was present at the afore mentioned reception for the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York held on 11 June 1901 at Government House in New Zealand.
       The Anglo-Boer war ended with the signing of Treaty of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902. The Scottish Horse nominal roll has Andrew's date of enlistment as 9 March 1901 and date of removal from the roll as 28 August 1902. His entry in the medal roll for the Scottish Horse held by the Public Records Office in England in WO100/269 has his rank as Captain and is annotated to the effect that the medal for which he was elligible, that would have been the Queen's South Africa medal (QSA), was returned by his widow and the rank altered to 'Major'. No doubt that would not have happened unless she was able to present written evidence of his appointment to that rank before the Scottish Horse was disbanded. That record has his date of discharge as 7 July 1902 - the same as that for the regiment's commander Major the Marquis of Tullibardine. 45.
       At the end of the war, no doubt in recognition of his service and organising ability, he must almost immediately have been appointed to a military or government post in South Africa for which it seems likely a furnished residence was provided, as advertisments for the 1 Aug 1902 auction of his New Zealand residence at Ellerslie mentioned he had taken up the offer of a "permanent appointment" in South Africa, and upon the sale of the property his wife was to join him there and the purchaser could also acquire the furniture etc. at a cheap price 37. His 1910 NZ newspaper obituary cast no further light on this initial appointment other than to state - "After seeing the war to a close, he was engaged on administrative work in connection with the retirement of the British forces" 47. An online index to documents held by the South African National Archives Repository (NASA), in "Public Records of the former Transvaal Province and its predecessors" (TAB) lists about 35 items of correspondence to and from Major Creagh that from the subject headings suggest at one time he may have been in command of the Transvaal Mounted Police for which there is also a series in TAB . One in the former dated the year before he died had as its' subject - "Employment Lieutenant-Colonel A. M. Creagh".
       His Scottish Horse nominal roll end of service date suggests his initial appointment in South Africa was possibly as a senior officer in the Scottish Horse Volunteer Corps it was reported in June 1902 was being formed in Johannesburg by the Marquis of Tullibardine for which the War Office provided 500 horses and equipment 43. Now the war was over the purpose of the new Corps was the protection of the country in the event of a Kaffir rising or other contingency. It bore the same name as the war-time Scottish Horse regiment and was not disbanded until 1907. A special correspondent for the Morning Post, who visted South Africa for 8 months from December 1902, wrote in 1903 of this volunteer corps that - "The many Scots in Johannesburg are exceedingly proud of their Scottish Horse Volunteer Corps whose headquarters are in this city. This fine corps is the re-establishment as a Volunteer regiment of the splendid Scottish Horse which was raised by the Marquis of Tullibardine at the suggestion of the Caledonian Society of Johannesburg ... The Transvaal will soon possess a formidable little army of loyal British seasoned in war". The Scottish Horse and the other post-war similarly established volunteer corps were comprised mainly of officers and men who served during the war in the irregular South African regiments with the same names 44.
       If Edith did join husband Andrew in South Africa after the 1 Aug 1902 auction of their Ellerslie residence she must have by 1906 returned to New Zealand at least for a period as she was listed in the 1905/06 NZ electoral roll with daughter Edith residing in Auckland East, then from 1911 to 1919 at Eden in Auckland, and lastly in 1928 two years before her death at Roskill in Auckland. The only listing of Andrew in the NZ rolls was with Edith at Manukau in 1897. It was ironical that when Andrew died in 1910 it was at Krugersdorf where he was wounded in 1901 during the Anglo-Boer War.
.
Children of Edith Raymond and Andrew Michael Creagh were:
+  6.    i.     Michael Raymond Creagh
    7.    ii.    Edith Raymond Creagh
    8.    iii.   Ivon Raymond Creagh
3.  Herbert Linton Raymond, b. June Qtr. 1854 Tooting, Surrey, England, reg. Wandsworth (V.1a, p.428), bapt. 6 Dec 1854 36, parish of St. Saviour, Southwark, London, England; d. 18 Sep 1906 30 reg. Bristol, England (Sep. Qtr. V.6a, p.56), buried Arnos Vale Cemetery, Bristol 29. He married in June Qtr. 1876 (v.1a, p. 1078), reg. Marylebone, (1) Ada Florence Shearman who died at age 44 in June Qtr. 1897 (v.2a, p.245) registered Bromley. He married in Dec. Qtr. 1897 (v. 1c, p. 504) reg. Bethnal Green, (2) Rose Lilian Knowles, b. 1869 reg. Mar. Qtr. 1869 (V. , p. ) as Roseanna Knowles; d. 1932, death reg. Mar. Qtr. 1932 (V.1a, p.87) Paddington, London, England as Rose Hannah Raymond, buried same grave as husband in Arnos Vale Cemetery, daughter of Peter Knowles and Maria Fletcher.


Grave in Arnos Vale Cemetery - Bristol 29

     In the 1871 census Herbert was listed in his father's household with the occupation of Clerk. In the 1881 census he was listed with first wife wife Ada residing in Hammersmith in London with his occupation given as a traveller in wines but they were not noted in indexes to the 1891 census. He and second wife Rose were listed in the 1901 census index in the civil parish of Kidderminster in Worcestershire - he as born in Tooting, Surrey ca. 1858 (his actual birth year was 1854), and occupation as a hotel keeper on his own account, and Rose as born ca. 1869 in Romsley, Worcester. The hotel was the "Black Horse Hotel" on Mill Street. It was one of Kidderminster’s two leading hotels and was once a coaching inn on the Chester to London run 26. It was closed in October 1973 and demolished in 1977 to make way for a further section of ring road.


"Black Horse Hotel" Kidderminster - early 1970s

     Wife Rose may have been the Rose Lillian Knowles listed at the 1881 census as a barmaid at a large Birmingham hotel, aged 23, and in error recorded by a staff member as born in Nunnington - located north of Hull in Yorkshire. When Herbert died in 1906 the registration, for which Rose was the informant, had that he died at the "Grand Hotel" on Broad Street in Bristol where he was the manager 29. Built in 1869 on the site formerly occupied by the "White Lion" that was demolished in 1866 it was arguably the city's leading hotel. In those days many unmarried staff lived on the premises. The 1911 census listed 28 resident staff and gave the number of rooms excluding kitchens and bathrooms etc. as 200. In 1937 an advertisement gave the number of available rooms as 120 and in 2011 advertisements gave the number as 182. In the 1911 census Rose was listed as the manager.


"Grand Hotel" Bristol - photo 2011

     At the 1901 census Rose's age was given as 31 and as 44 at the 1911 suggesting a ca. 1867 to 1869 birth year. When son Cyril married actress Iris Hoey in Bristol in September 1922 The Times report of the marriage mentioned his mother was manageress of the Grand Hotel and she was listed as Rose L Raymond in the marriage registration 29, 31. It is not known when she ceased to be the manageress. Her death in 1932 was registered at Paddington, London.
     An anecdote from when Rose was the manageress concerned a circa 1916 incident that could have resulted in her premature death. In 2010 93-year-old Bill Green of Clevedon in North Somerset recounted the dramatic story of how his father William, who was invalided out of the army in 1916 and became a porter at "The Grand", was perhaps instrumental in saving Rose’s life. He recounted that "As a night porter one of my father’s duties was to allocate rooms to any late arrivals and on one such occasion he was suspicious of a guest. A short time later he was startled by a loud screaming coming from upstairs and following the cries found himself in the apartment occupied by the owner Mrs Raymond. There he was confronted by the sight of the man he had the doubts about leaning over the terrified lady with both hands around her throat and trying to choke her into telling him where she kept her jewels and cash. He pulled him off and they struggled out onto the landing where my father knocked him down the stairs and he was detained by other members of staff who had been alerted by the noise."
     Shortly after the incident his father William died from an incurable type of diabetes and Bill recounted - “Mrs Raymond visited my mother, who by this time had given birth to me on April 23 1917, and offered to fund my education as a way of repaying my father for saving her life."  Understandably given the short period of William's employment at the hotel before his death and, the later visit by Rose and offer which was not accepted, Bill Green's mother surmised Rose had been the hotel owner 32. However such was not the case. The Grand was owned by the Grand Hotel Bristol Company whose AGM was held each year in late March 33.

Children of Herbert Linton Raymond and Rose Lilian Knowles were:
+  9.     i.     Cyril William North Raymond
THIRD GENERATION


         In the April 1871 England census he was listed with his parents in his grandfather's London household aged 6 months, and in the 1881 census aged 10 with his mother in Kensington. He has not been identified in indexes to the 1891 census and may have left England before then.
         He arrived in New South Wales in Australia sometime before 1900 and served in the Boer War in ‘A’ Squadron of the New South Wales Citizens' Bushmen regiment with the rank of Sergeant. At enlistment his occupation was given as miner.
         The NSW Citizens' Bushmen contingent comprised 30 officers and 495 other ranks and 570 horses. It left Sydney on 28 Feb 1900 and arrived in Cape Town on 2 April. Of those who embarked 30 died or were killed in action and a very high percentage were wounded. ‘A’ Squadron is mostly remembered for its participation as a force of 105 men in the defence of the post at Elands River, that dug into the inhospitable ground and refused to surrender on any terms when under siege by a vastly superior Boer force, holding out against rifle and artillery fire for 12 days from 4 Aug. 1900 until the Boer forces under by General De la Rey withdrew as reinforcements arrived.
         In July before the main attack began clashes with the Boer's became more frequent and in one such action Sgt. Erskine Raymond was wounded. He may have even been the first colonial regiment casualty at what became known as the Siege of Elands River that prior to the WW I trench warfare horrors in France was the military action best known for the heroic performance of Australia's volunteer soldiers and at which 75 of the 307 Australian participants were killed or wounded. The July clash in which Erskine was wounded is best described in the words of fellow ‘A’ Squadron soldier Lance-Corporal A. C. Wherratt who that month wrote :- 18
       ‘... the bullets came down like hail. There was no cover to take, no horseholders or anything close. Each man had to hold his own horse and blaze away. We got back to about 600 yards, when we took up a position on the open plain. Captain James Thomas who was in command had his horse shot under him. ... I was lying with my horse's reins around my arm and every time I fired he pulled me back, thus offering the Boers good shooting at me. ... Our Sergeant Erskine Raymond got a bullet through the shoulder. He was the only one hit, but it was a miracle there were not more. The Boers cannot shoot long distances but did better at 600 than 300 yards. Lieutenant Zouch got a bullet through his pants. He did not know at the time. The Boers eventually got out of the karaal and cleared out. The Boers had three shot dead and six wounded.’

          Erskine was invalided to Australia on 24 Jan 1901 and later moved to Western Australia. No marriage is indexed in England or in NSW to 1925, SA to 1922 or in WA to 1933. The Western Australia Genealogical Society has compiled an index of passengers arriving by ship in WA from 1898-1926. It lists eleven of the Raymond surname - all arriving prior to 1912 and all of British or English nationality. However as they are listed only as a ‘Mr’ it is not possible to positively identify Erskine. Based on his 1870 birth year a 35 year old of British nationality who arrived at Fremantle from Adelaide on 24 Dec 1905 on the "Tyrian" appears the most likely 16.
       Enrollement was made compulsory for federal elections in 1925. That year Erskine was listed in the electoral roll for the Swan electorate in the Northam subdivision residing in the small town of Burracoppin situated in the wheat belt on the Great Eastern Highway 290km's east of Perth 14. His occupation was given as ‘planter ’ indicating he would have been a wheat planting contractor. The following year he was no longer listed in Swan. Likely he left Australia in 1925 or 1926 to reside in Siam (first renamed Thialand in 1939) as a record of his arrival in London from Bangkok on 28 Aug 1927 as a passenger on a steamboat gave Siam as his country of last permanent residence. The record gave his occupation as ‘planter’ and England as the country of intended future permanent residence - permanent being defined as for a year or more 20. His step-father Lt. Col. John Boulderson died in Dec. quarter 1925 and his return to England may have been related such as him coming into an inheritance under the will of his mother who had died in 1902 or grandfather Rev. Fitzhenry William Ellis. He may have remained in England until 1934 as that year his name appeared on the passenger list of a vessel as travelling from Dover to Singapore 15.
       He was working with the War Tax Department in Kuala Lumpur or Singapore when it fell to the Japanese in WW II and he was interned from 1942 to 1945 in Changi Goal, then Sime Road Camp, in Singapore. It is remarkable he survived until its liberation following the Japanese surrender in 1945 when he would then have been aged 75. As the Malayan Volunteers informant for this detail of his life put it - "Obviously a determined man!" 27. It is not known if he was the oldest survivor.
       His name was not listed in any Western Australia electorate in the 1947 Commonwealth electoral rolls or in the supplemental rolls for 1948. It was not until 1949, 1950 and 1952 that he was again noted in the rolls when listed in the Canning electorate residing in Faversham House in the town of York - the oldest inland town in WA located in the wheatbelt 97 km's east of Perth with a population at the 2006 census of 3,116. Today (2008) Faversham House is a fully restored heritage listed building operated as a private hotel and function center offering a high standard of accomodation. For the decade from 1948 to 1958 it was an RSL Home for War Veterans 19. In the electoral roll for 1952 twenty-nine men plus a management couple were listed as residents. Four have been identified from other records as Boer War veterans. Of those with an occupation given twenty-three including Erskine were listed as pensioners. His estate was not probated nor was there an administration grant. Records indexed by the WA Probate Office under the reference number D891/53 may have consituted a Deed of Settlement dated after his death but are lost and no longer available.
5.    Violet North Raymond, bapt. 25 Mar 1872 36 Parish of St Mark, St. Marylebone, Middlesex, England (parents then abode 7, Abley Road, Westminter Borough, occupation of father Dudley given as "late Lieutenant 14th Regiment" and the officiating minister was F. W. Ellis (father of the mother Edith Malet née Ellis); d. aged 6 years Mar. Qtr. 1878 reg. Hampstead, Middlesex (v.1a, p. 510).

6.    Michael Raymond Creagh, b. ca. 1875 Malta - British subject (age given as 5 and 15 respectively in 1881 & 1891 census); d. 24 Mar 1958 (reg. #1958-D024064) Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, buried Toowong Cemetery; m. April 1902 (reg. ##1902-1220), at St. Saviour's Church, Pirongia, New Zealand, Everlyn Jane Prentice (DIV 1930) 40,  b. ca. 1871 Wairoa, NZ 40; d. aged 74, 1945 (reg. #1945-17336) New Zealand, buried Waikaraka Cemetery, daughter of Stephen Felgate Prentice and Hannah Down. Her sister Caroline Frederica was from at least 1916 Michael's defacto and died 7 Aug 1964 (reg. #1964-B067652) Auchenflower, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; buried Toowong Cemetery, Brisbane.
       It is said Michael, who was likely known by his second given name of Raymond, and his wife divorced in 1930 and when they married in 1902 Michael was a registered surveyor 40. The first mention of him noted in Australia was in a letter he wrote to Rockhampon Council in Queensland that was published on 1 Nov 1923 in the Rockhampton Morning Bulletin. It detailed many achievemnets during a period of 4 years and 9 months he had been the Council's Engineer (i.e. from the latter months of 1919). On March 22 of the following year in the same newspaper his name appeared in a list of thirty persons who nominated to fill eleven vacancies on the Rockhampton City Council at an election to be held the following month. In the Commonwealth electoral roll for 1924 he and his legal wife Evelyn's 10 years younger sister Caroline Frederica were listed in the electorate of Herbert residing in Sheridan St. in Cairns with her surname given as Creagh and his occupation as City Engineer. They remained there until the 1936 roll when they were listed residing at "Hollywood" in River St. in the Brisbane suburb of Auchenflower with his occupation given as engineer. By the 1954 roll their address in Auchenflower had changed to 365 Coronation Drive and his occupation was given as surveyor.
       At the time of compilation Queensland indexed births were only available to 1916. The birth of the only ascertained Michael and his defacto Caroline Frederica child Freda May in 1916 was not registered in Queensland until 1958. As Michael died in March that year seemingly the registration must have arisen in connection with his will probate or estate administration. Due to the middle given name and surname a Queensland registered marriage (#1933-003622) of a Lyn Raymond Creagh (a male) to Jessie Elizabeth Swain is potentially of interest.

Children of Michael Raymond Creagh and Everlyn Jane Prentice were:
  10.    i.    Tui Andrew Creagh
  11.    ii.   Lyn Toi Creagh
  12.    iii.  Quentin Raymond Creagh

A child of Michael Raymond Creagh and Caroline Frederica Prentice was:
  13.   i.    Freda May Creagh
7.    Edith Raymond Creagh, b. 1877 Malta, baptised 1877 Malta 42 Malta - British subject (aged 3 and 13 respectively in the 1881 & 1891 census).
       No marriage to 1933, or a spinster death to 1963 when she would have been aged 86, is indexed in NZ. In the 1905-06 NZ rolls Edith and her mother were listed residing together in Auckland in Auckland East and from 1911 to 1919 at Eden in Auckland. In the 1928 roll they were at Roskill in Auckland. Edith's mother died in 1930 and thereafter she was not noted in the NZ electoral rolls.
8.    Ivon Raymond Creagh, born June Qtr. 1879 Hythe, Kent, England (reg. v.2a, p.952) Elham, Kent; died 1960 New Zealand, aged 81, (reg. #1960-32339), buried Waikumate Cemetery; married 1912 New Zealand (reg. #1912-6079), Alice Ellen Stribley; died 1956 New Zealand, aged 78, (reg. #1957-28711), buried Waikumate Cemetery.
       At the time of compilation in 2011 because of the 100 year non-disclosure rule children births post 1911 could not be ascertained from the index. None were noted residing with them in the 1935 and 1936 electoral roll when they were at Willerton Rd. in New Lyn in Auckland Suburbs when Ivon's occupation was given as a fitter.
9.    Cyril William North Raymond, born 13 Feb 1899 34 Rowley Regis, West Midlands, England reg. Stourbridge; d. 20 Mar 1973 34 at Ripe, near Lewes, East Sussex; m. 17 Sep 1922 31 at Bristol, England, (1) Iris Hoey (div), b. 1885 34, d. 1979 34 aged 93 years; m. 1937 34 in Hailsham, Sussex (2) Gillian Lind.



      Cyril Raymond was a stage and film actor. Among his film credits were: The Spy in Black, Dreaming Lips, Ghost Train, The Fightened Lady, Angels One Five, Waters of the Moon, September Tide, Short Story, The Constant Wife, Mrs Willie, Carry On Regardless, and the Noel Coward produced classic English film Brief Encounter in which he played the husband of Celia Johnson. A page at Wikipedia lists over 30 films in which Cryil appeared and The Times and Theatre Review carried obituaries.
      Both wives were actresses. His first wife Iris Hoey was previously married to actor Max Leeds (Hoey was her stage name - her birth name was Iris Wilhelmina Winifred Hasbach, daughter of Wilhelm Anton Hasbach). He served from 1939 to 1945 as a fighter controller in the R.A.F. and reached the rank of Wing Commander. For his war service he was awarded an M.B.E. in 1945.

Children of Cyril William North Raymond and Iris Hoey were:
   14.   i.    John North Blagrave Raymond
FOURTH GENERATION

10.  Tui Andrew Creagh, b. 1903 (#1903-1573) New Zealand; d. 18 Aug 1904 New Zealand. The New Zealand Herald of 31 August 1904 had notice of his death on 18 August aged 12 months, and same paper on 24 August a notice of thanks from Mr & Mrs Raymond (sic) Creagh for help and messages of sympathy.

11.  Lyn Toi Creagh, b. 1905 (#1905-9182) New Zealand.

12. Quentin Raymond Creagh, b. 1908 (#1908-792) New Zealand. The Auckland Star of 18 Jul 1945 had a notice of the birth of a son to wife Ina at Glamis, Mount Albert when their address was Epsom.

13. Freda May Creagh, b. 30 May 1916 (reg. #1958-009429) Queensland, Australia. She was listed from 1937 to 1949 in Queensland electoral rolls residing in Brisbane in the Toowong sub-division of the Ryan electorate .

14.  John North Blagrave Raymond, b. Bristol 4 Dec 1923 34; d. 14 Apr 1977 34. His obituary appeared in The Times on 16 Apr 1977 28.

SOURCES:
1   St. Catherine's House Death Indexes, Dec. Qtr. 1873 reg. Marylebone, Vol. 1a, p. 442 - aged 60 years at death.
2   Ibid  Marriage Indexes Sep. Qtr. 1845 reg. Kensington, Vol. 3, p. 259
3   The Company of Watermen & Lighterman bindings index, 1692-1949 (CD-ROM version)
4   1871 census of England
5   St. Catherine's House Death Indexes June Qtr. 1872 vol. 2b, p. 21 - date from Probate Index as per 7 below.
6   Probate Index - 1874 folio 65 - 9 Jan 1974 the will of William Chapman Raymond, formerly of 149 Clapham Rd, in the county of Surrey, but late of 13, Abbey Rd, St John's Wood, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, who died 20 Nov 1873 at 13 Abbey Rd, was proved at the Principal Registry, by Robert Linton Charrington of Carshalton, in the county of Surrey, and Richard Moss, of 12, Queen Victoria St,in the City of London, Esquires, the Executors. Effects under £5000. Notes - 16 Jan 1875 decree for will dated 2 August 1870 (Charrington and another versus Raymond and others).
7   Probate Index ref. 1872 register 5, folio 1103 - Raymond, Dudley Esq. Effects under £1500. 3 August. The will of Dudley Raymond, late of St Leonard's On Sea, near Hastings, in the county of Sussex, Esq, who died 29 May 1872 at St Leonard's On Sea, was proved at Lewes, by Eliza Raymond (wife of William Chapman Raymond), of Northlands, Springfield Rd, St Leonard's On Sea, the mother, one of the Executors.
8  St. Catherine's House Death Indexes - Dec. Qtr. 1902, vol. 2b p.294, reg. Portsmouth.
9  The Times - Thursday, Nov 27, 1902; p. 1, col A  Deaths: BOULDERSON - On the 24th inst. at "Fulford", Southsea, EDITH MALET, the beloved wife of Lieut-Colonel Boulderson, and elder daughter of the Revd. F. W. Ellis of 21, Gloucester-place, Place, Hyde-park, W.
10   St. Catherine's House Marriage Indexes - Jun. Qtr. 1884, vol 1a, p. 200 reg. Kensington.
11   Sundry mentions in The Times of London newspaper of this Boulderson family were:
Wednesday, Apr 14, 1886; p. 1,  col A,  BIRTHS:  On the 13th inst., at Victoria-road, Kensington, the wife of Lieut-Colonel John Boulderson, late of 91st Highlanders, of a son.
Wednesday, May 26, 1909; p. 9, col B,  INFANTRY - The Royal Munster Fusiliers - Lieut. J. W. E. Boulderson is seconded for service under the Colonial Office (May 8th).
Wednesday, Jul 16, 1913; p. 1, col A,  DEATHS - On the 15th July at Fulford, Southsea, JOHN WILLIAM ELLIS BOULDERSON, Lieut. Royal Munster Fusiliers, eldest son of Lieut-Col. John Boulderson, late Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, aged 27.
Friday, Apr 21, 1911; p. 9, col B, Miss Ruby Boulderson was a bridesmaid at wedding of Capt. J. W. Hudleston R.M.A. & Miss Randall of Southsea ... the vicar of Portsmouth officiated.
Thursday, Apr 18, 1918; p. 4, col B,  FALLEN OFFICERS - "The Times" List of Casulties - Lieutentant Colonel Robert Edward Dewing D.S.O., Royal Berkshire Regiment, killed in action 4th April while leading his regiment. Born in 1888 .... In January 1913 he married Ruby Edith, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel J. Boulderson, and leaves an infant daughter.
Thursday, Apr 24, 1919; p. 1, col B, DEATHS - DEWING - On 21st April at Fulford, Southsea, RUBY EDITH, widow of Lt.-Col R. E. Dewing, R. E. and Berks Regiment, and daughter of Colonel John Boulderson, late 91st Highlanders.
Friday, Feb 08, 1935; p. 6,; col G, COLONIAL SERVICE - Promotions and Transfers Colonial Administrative Service - BOULDERSON G. H. C. (District Officer), Provincial Commissioner, Kenya.
Friday, Jul 24, 1936; p. 1, col A, BIRTHS - BOULDERSON - On July 10, 1936 at Mombasa, to Coralie, wife of G. H. C. Boulderson - a son.
Fiday, 7 May 1937, p. 11, col. d. PRESENTED TO THE KING AND QUEEN ... IN THE GENERAL CIRCLE ... Wednesday last ... Miss Jean & Miss Patricia Dewing by Mrs Lancelot Holland.
Tuesday, Sep 11, 1945; p. 1, col B,  DEATHS - On Aug, 26 1945 at Mombasa, Coralie, wife of G. Boulderson late Kenya Civil Service.
12   Entry in Christ Church register of baptisms advised by Judy Lester of London (email 22 Feb 2008).
13   Western Australia BDM Indexes (Deaths) #27/1952, registered York. Date of death 6 Oct 1952, and late of Faversham House, York, as per WA State Records Office index of Probates Wills and Letters of Admin. Ref. D891/53 - details provided courtesy of Clare Askew, of Perth, WA.
14   Australian Electoral Rolls 1901-1936 - database at Ancestry.com.
15   findmypast.com database titled:  Passenger lists leaving UK 1890-1960 - 1934 Erskine N. Raymond born 1871, Dover to Singapore.
16   Passengers arriving in Western Australia 1898-1926 (Western Australia Genealogical Soc. Inc. CD-ROM) - from the 11 "Mr's" listed 6 others who are Erskine possibles are: (1) 13.6.1899 "Anglican" Melb. to Fremantle - steerage, (2) 6.8.1903 "Kanowna" Adel. to Fremantle - 3rd, (3) 26.12.1904 "Omrah" Adel. to Fremantle, (4) 11.2.1905 "Kanowna" Adel. to Fremantle - 2nd, (5) 2.3.1911 "Ortranto" London to Sydney, labourer, (6) 8.3.1904 "Mongolia" London to Sydney, + wife and child.
17   1901 census of England - aged 68 (calculates to a ca. 1833 birth). Note the 1891 census gave his age as 52 years calculating to a ca. 1839 birth. His school and military record give birt date a 8 Apr 1838. The GRO Death Index has him as died Dec Qtr. 1925 aged 87 years reg. Portsmouth (V.2b, p.700).
18   Wallace, R.L. The Australians at the Boer War, AWM 1976, p. 258. For repatriation date see - Murray, P.L. Offical Records of the Australian Military Contingents to the War in South Africa. p. 75 (also available on CD-ROM and online). The Queenslander newspaper - 28 Jul 1900, p.142 - mentioned "Sergeant Raymond" was wounded at Elands River.
19   The 1948 Supplemental electoral roll for the Swan electorate listed six males as resident of either Faversham, Faversham House, or Faversham RSL Home. The 1958 roll for the Moore electorate listed a similar number, and the previous managers were then listed residing elsewhere in York indicating 1958 was likely its last year as an RSL Home before it became vacant until purchased by the Methodist Church Department of Christian Education in 1961 that undertook its initial restoration.
20   Ancestry.com database UK Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960 - The East Asiatic Co. steamship "Jutlandia", Bangkok to London, arrived London 28 Aug. 1927, 1st class passengers (5) included Erskine Raymond, aged 57, occupation planter, proposed UK address - c/- The Merchatile Bank, Gracechurch Street, London, last permanent residence Siam, intended country of residence England.
21   Feb. 2011 emails from Simon Crookenden advising his late mother's date of birth and that influenza (the Spanish flue) was the cause of death of his grandmother Ruby Edith Dewing née Boulderson, and that her daughters Patricia D. and Jean Phyllis (both deceased) married and the number of their children.
22   Mbaraki Cemetery Transcriptions
23   Cheltenham College Register 1841-1889, (London, Geo. Bell & Sons). p. 131 - Entered Easter 1853 - Boulderson, John, son of Major John Carne Boulderson, Madras Army ; born 8th April, 1838. - Queen's M. Newick House. Left December, 1855. Ensign, 71st Highlanders, 1856 ; Lieutenant, 1859 ; Captain 1875 ; Major, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 1881 ; Lieut.-Colonel (Retired), 1882. Served with the 71st Highlanders in the Indian Mutiny Campaign in 1858, and was present at the battle of Kotakesderai, recapture of Gwalior, and operations against Burgore and Dowiut Sing (Medal with clasp). Served also throughout the camphaign against Hill Tribes on the North-West Frontier of India in 1863 (Medal with clasp). Served with the 91st Highlanders in the Zulu War in 1879, and was present at the action of Gingindhlovu and relief of Ekowe (Medal with clasp).
     p. 132 Entered August 1853 - Boulderson, William Patrick Oliphant, son of Major John Carne Boulderson, 35th Madras Native Infantry; born 18th January, 1840. Ensign, 41st Foot, 1860, transferred to 2nd Foot, 1867; joined Madras Staff Corps, 1870; Brevet-Captain, 1872 ; Captain, 1874 ; Major, 1880 ; Lieut.-Colonel (Retired), 1885. Served in the Afgan War in 1880 (Medal).
     College attendees and first cousins of the above were:- p. 187 - Groube, Edward Montagu, son of Major George Bromley Boulderson Groube, 5th Madras Light Cavalry, Secunderabad; born 13th July, 1846. p. 172 - Groube, Thomas, son of Major George Bromley Boulderson Groube, 5th Madras Light Cavalry, Bellary, East Indies ; born 1st October, 1843. - India Direct. Boyce.. Left 1860. ... Lieut.-Colonel (Retired) 1882. ... Served in the Afgan War in 1879-80, and took part in the defence of Kandahar (Medal).
24   GRO Death Index - Jun Qtr 1890 Boulderson, William P. O., age 50, reg. Paddington (V.1a, p.30) & Dec Qtr 1925 Boulderson, John, age 87, reg. Portsmouth (V.2b, p. 700).
25   In respect of the 91st Highlanders - an article at http://www.anglozuluwar.com/content/files/ on units, their officers, postings etc. in the Anglo Zulu War of 1879 recounted Captain Boulderson served with the regt. during the war, being present at the battle of Gingindlovu, and the advance of Crealock’s Div. to Port Durnford and he was present at the relief of Eshowe (Ed. aka Ekowe).
26   Nigel Gilbert/John Combe, "Building Report The Black Horse Hotel, Mill Street, Kidderminster, 7 Feb 2010".
27   April 2011 email advice from Jonathan Moffatt - Malayan Volunteers Group (http://www.malayanvolunteersgroup.org.uk/) "in 1941 he was working in the War Tax Dept in either Kuala Lumpur or Singapore and was interned by the Japanese 1942-1945 in Changi Gaol, Singapore then Sime Road Camp. Given his age, it is pretty remarkable he survived. Obviously a determined man!"
28   The Times, Sat, 16 Apr 1977 - Obituary - Mr John Raymond. Mr. John Raymond the critic and author, died on Thursday at the age of 53. The son of well-known West End actor and actress, Cyril Raymond and Iris Hoey, he was born on December 4, 1923, and was educated at Westminster School. He saw service in the second World War in the Royal Artillery and the Intelligence Corps and soon after demobilization joined the staff of the Daily Graphic. He came to The Times in the autumn of 1949 ... He later moved briefly to the Imperial and Foreign department of the paper and in 1952 left to take up the post of assistant literary editor under Janet Adam Smith on the New Statesman and Nation ... After he left the New Statesman he contributed reviews and feature articles for some years in The Sunday Times. Latterly he had begun to write occasional pieces for the New Statesman, revealing once more his skill at turning out the reflective and discursive literary article which could both stimulate and please the reader. ... in 1968 he wrote Simenon in Court a scholarly and affectionate dissertation with many good gleanings and delicious insights into the Belgian writer's work.
29   Photo of grave in Arnos Vale Cemetery, Bristol, provided courtesy of Keith W Jones and 2011 email advices from same.
30   Probate Index - death date 18 Sep 1906, probate dated 30 Nov 1906 granted to Rose Lillian (sic) Raymond widow and Frank Raymond club-proprietor. Effects valuation £79.2s.10d.
31   The Times 18 Sep 1922 - "Miss Iris Hoey, the actress, was married yesterday at a Bristol register office to Mr Cyril Raymond, of Bristol, an actor. Mr Raymond's mother is the manageress of the Grand Hotel, Bristol.
32   As given on the web page URL 2011:
http://www.lifestoriesandmemories.co.uk/124/1/story/PeterWilliams.asp
33   "Today's Arrangements" column of The Times from 1903 to 1914 under "Company Meetings" the Grand Hotel Bristol AGM was listed as to be held at dates in late March.
34   Postings from Feb. 2011 by Euryale and Keith W Jones to the britmovie.co.uk web site forums in a "Cyril Raymond" thread - 2011 when URL was:
http://www.britmovie.co.uk/forums/actors-actresses/107587/-cyril-raymond.html
35   The Times of 22 March 1973, page 20, obituary read: - "MR CYRIL RAYMOND, MBE (Mil) the actor, who has died had for long been the answer to a casting director's prayer, where parts of a certain type and weight were concerned, when illness enforced his premature retirement some years ago.
      Raymond was a promising pupil at (Tree's) Academy of Dramatic Art, and as Little Billee in Trilby he supported Tree as Svengali in 1915, later appearing as a juvenile in plays by Louis N. Parker, Edward Knoblock and Harold Brighouse. He was leading man to his first wife, Miss Iris Hoey; he played several parts in the West End under direction of Basil Dean; and in 1935 he found what might be called his vocation, in contributing balanced, controlled, humorous pieces of acting as foils to more flamboyant performances by highly accomplished leading ladies. Audiences came to appreciate him as the better half, if not invariably the spouse, of Sybil Thorndike in Short Story, of Ruth Chatterton in a revival of The Constant Wife, of Celia Johnson in the film olf Noel Coward's Brief Encounter, of Gertrude Lawrence in September Tide, of Edith Evans in Waters of the Moon and of Yvonne Arnaud in Mrs Willie. In the 1960's he was seen in plays by writers of the younger generation: Nigel Dennis, Giles Cooper, John Osborne. It is pleasant to think that his acting as a kindly husband quitely doing a crossword, while, as he surmises, his wife wrestles with her love for another man, is preserved on celluloid in the film version of Coward's play.
      Raymond served in the RAF, from 1939 to 1945. By his first marriage, which was dissolved, he was the father of Mr John Raymond, the writer. He married secondly the actress Miss Gillian Lind."
      An obituary in the Theatre Review summarised his stage career as: - "In 1915 he played William Bagot in Trilby with Tree at Finsbury Park Empire. He was what is known in the profession as a useful actor, responsive to the director's demands and capable of creating individual characterizations from the flimsiest of scripts. He had a unique stage personality. Among the many successes in which he appeared were There's Always Juliet, The Shining Hour, Short Story, The Constant Wife, Tony Draws a Horse, Under the Counter, September Tide, Waters of the Moon, Aunt Edwina, Signpost to Murder, and Inadmissible Evidence."
36   Ancestry.com online database - in 2011 titled: London, England, Births And Baptisms, 1813-1906
37   Auckland Star - AUCTIONS - Wednesday 28 March 1894 --- Live and Dead Stock - at Meadow Bank Farm, near St. John's College. The undersigned have received instructions from Colonel Creagh, who is retiring from the milk business, to sell, at Meadow Bank Farm, without reserve. - The whole of his live and dead stock consisting of: 50 cows in full milk and in calf, 25 young cattle, 2 bulls, 2 hordes, dray, spring cart, etc. 2 stacks of meadow hay, about 30 tons Alexandra Milk Separating Machine, new Dairy Utensils, Farm implements etc. etc. Luncheon provided - Hunter & Nolan.
     Auckland Star 19 July 1902, Page 8 - AUCTIONS - Friday 1st August 1902 at 12 noon sharp - Ellerslie Family Residence - 12 rooms and offices and 15 acres volcanic land - For Imperitive Sale! Under instructions from Mrs. Colonel Creagh, who is leaving for South Africa to join Colonel Creagh, he having accepted a permanent appointment there, Mr J. Thornes will sell by auction at his Land Sale Rooms, 91, Queen-street, THAT MOST DESIRABLE AND WELL-BUILT FAMILY RESIDENCE, now in occupation of Mrs Colonel Creagh, comprising 12 rooms, besides bathroom, linen press, dairy, laundry, and other offices; also stabling, cowbails, workshop, buggyhouse, and every requiste outbuilding. The water supply is never-failing, concrete cistern of 20,000 gallons, doubly filtered; drainage of the very best; patent W.C.'s; force pump, and every modern convieience. The grounds are nearly 15 acres in extent, and comprise lawn, garden, orchard of choice trees, and paddocks very rich in feed and nearly clear of stone; about three-quarters of a mile from Ellerslie Station, and 'buses pass the door; splendid train service, 16 trains each way per day; cheap prices; loverly views from veranda and balcony on two sides of house and from flat roof. Remember - this property must be absolutely sold. The instructions are imperative. J. Thornes 91 Queen Street N.B. - The Furniture, etc. can also be secured by the Purchaser at a cheap price.
38   The Argus (Melbourne) 30 Jan 1901. ED. NOTE: The 1901 applications to serve in the Scottish Horse as recorded by Victorian Dept. of Defence, and are held in Canberra in five alphabetically arranged boxes. They contain signed pledges to accept imperial discipline and make no claims on the Victorian Government and the only personal information recorded on the applications is the applicant's marital status (A6394, NN).
39   See: http://www.bwm.org.au/site/Scottish_Horse.asp
40   Prentice Family Genealogy - URL in 2011 was:
http://www.iroots.net/news/99/stephen_prentice_ipswich_england_rewrite.htm
41   The London Gazette 28 Jan 1862. 42nd Foot, Ensign Andrew Michael Creagh to be Instructor of Musketry, vice Lieutenant E. A. Elgin, deceased. Dated 20th December, 1861.
     The Edinburgh Gazette 7 Mar 1865. 42d Foot—Ensign Andrew Michael Creagh to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice Henry Jennings Bramly, who retires. Dated 3d March 1865. Samuel George Hulse, gent, to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Creagh. Dated 3d March 1865.
     The London Gazette 24 June 1873. 42nd Foot, Lieutenant Andrew Michael Creagh to be Captain, vice J. Wilson, retired.
     The London Gazette 21 Nov 1884. The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), Major Andrew Michael Creagh retires on retired pay, with the honorary rank of 'Lieutenant-Colonel'. Dated 22nd November, 1884.
     The London Gazette 10 Mar 1885. Captain George Fenton, the Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), to be a Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General, vice Major Andrew Michael Creagh, the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), placed on the Retired List. Dated 25th February, 1885.
42   Malta Family History - http://website.lineone.net/~remosliema/regiments2.htm - the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment arrived at Malta from Portsmouth and Queenstown on 27th Nov 1874 on board the Himalaya. An index of Baptisms by Army chaplains there 1800 to 1900 listed - CREAGH, Edith Raymond 1877 (42nd Regiment).
43   The Times 30 June 1902 - - The Marqis of Tullibardine, who raised a corps of mounted troops, known as the Scottish Horse, during the war, is now engaged in forming a corps of Scottish volunteers in Johannesburg. The War Office are providing their horses and equipment.
44   E. F. Knight, South Africa after the war : a narrative of recent travel, (Longmans, Green, and Co., 1903), pp. 205-208. In 2011 the URL of the Anglo-Boer War Scottish Horse regiment nominal roll, as transcribed by Dr. Stephen Skinner, was:
http://www.britishmedals.us/files/127scothorse.htm
     Other reference sources for the Scottish Horse are: Major G. Tylden, The armed forces of South Africa 1659-1954 : with an appendix on the commandos - under the heading "Scottish Horse 1901-1907". This indexed book is held in Australia only by the War Memorial Library, State Library of Victoria and Uni. of Western Australia library. It has not been sighted by compiler. It is said to contain a potted history of the war-time South African Scottish Horse regiment and same named post Anglo-Boer war successor - the June 1902 formed in the Transvaal, Scottish Horse Volunteer Corps.
     John E. Price, Southern Cross Scots : the Australian and New Zealand participation in the Marquis of Tullibardine's Scottish Horse during the South African War of 1899-1902. Book held by nine libraries in Australia of which 4 are in the ACT and 4 in Victoria. It is apparently not indexed.
     The War Memorial catalogue lists a boxed holding of papers of Captain A. C. Murray of Victoria, that include a scrapbook containing photographs taken during operations of the Scottish Horse, letters from the Marquis of Tullibardine, and a nominal roll of the Scottish Horse enroute to London. The main catalogue of the National Library of South Africa lists as held at Cape Town in the Pictures Collection an undated photograph on glass of the Scottish Horse led by a pipe band marching into Cape Town from the camp when departing for the front (Record No. b1323245)
45   Entry on Scottish Horse medal roll advised Sep. 2011 by Meurig Jones, ABWMV Research Services, and, The Register of the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 at www.casus-belli.co.uk.
46   Main catalogue The National Library of South Africa at http://www.nlsa.ac.za
47   UK National Archives, WO 76/423/9 Records of Officers Services - born 2 October 1842, Bombay, India.
      Obituary - New Zealand Herald of 11 October 1910 (also Auckland Star and Ormaru Mail): "The many friends of Lieut.-Colonel Creagh will regret to hear of his death at Krugersdorf, Transvaal, on 3 August at the age of 67. Colonel Creagh after retiring after long and distinquished service in the "Black Watch" (late 42nd Highlanders), including active service in Ashantee, West Coast of Africa, came to New Zealand, but on the outbreak of the Boer war, he enrolled and took over the Australian contingent of Scottish Horse. After seeing the war to a close, he was engaged on administrative work in connection with the retirement of the Briitish forces. Col. Creagh was the yougest son of Lieut.-General Creagh. He is survived by his widow, two sons and a daughter, at present in Auckland.
48   Left photo - portion of a photo from 'The Veldt' (Vol 2, #4 - April 1901) of 21 officers of the Victorian contingent of 2nd Scottish Horse regiment captioned "Officers of the Australian Regiment of Scottish Horse" taken at Green Point Camp prior to the departure from Cape Town for the front on 20 March 1901. Digital copy of the full photograph from an original issue of the news magazine provided courtesy of Geoff Kerton of Melbourne, Australia. Right photo from a mounted original held by the National Library of South Africa, Cape Town in its Cape Town Pitures Collection - inscribed "Major Creagh Sc. H.". Copy provided courtesy of the Library.
49   The Morning Post (London) 5 Aug 1875 - DEATHS - CREAGH - On the 1st inst., at his residence, St. Stephen's-road, Westbourne-park, Lieutenant General James Creagh, colonel 34th Regiment. Note: according to the 1871 and 1881 census the residence was at #16 St. Stephen's Road.
     The Times - 4th August 1875, page 5. - NAVAL AND MILITARY INTELLIGENCE The Coloneley of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment is vacant by the death, on Sunday last, of Lieut.-Gen James Creagh. The General obtained his first commission as an Ensign on the 1st January 1810, and formerely served in the 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment. He obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 4th March, 1812 ; captain, 17 April, 1825 ; major, June 28, 1838; lieut.-colonel, November 11, 1851 ; colonel, November 28, 1854 ; major-general, August 26, 1865 ; and lieut.-general, January 25, 1874. He was appointed colonel of the 34th regiment in October last year.
      The official death registration of Lieut.-General James Creagh gave his age as 82 calculating to a 1793 birth year. According to the above quoted military obituary he was initially promoted from the officer rank of Ensign in the 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot on 1 Jan 1810 suggesting the 82 years at death given in the death registration was likely correct contradicting by 4 years the 64 given at the 1861 census and 74 at the 1871 census.
       Proof of whether James was Andrew's father could be ascertained from his father's name and occupation in the 1874 official marriage registration record. The linked to 1874 "High Court case", in the above section on Edith's brother Dudley Raymond at which Edith who only that year had married Andrew was a party, described her in error as - "now the wife of James Creagh". Seemingly the error was to name her father-in-law as her husband instead of his son Andrew! Likely the names of James' surviving children, in addition to a daughter Maria who was listed in the 16 St. Stephen's Road household at the 1871 and 1881 census, could be ascertained from his probated will. Most likely Andrew's elder brother was named James. According to the 1871 census then Maj.-General James Creagh and wife Maria (1805-1886) were both born in Ireland. His household at that census included a daughter Maria born in 1841 in Ireland who at the 1881 and 1891 census was still unmarried and thereafter not noted in the census or in death or marriage indexes, and a ca. 1842 born in Canada daughter-in-law Annie G. The UK National Archives holds a document of potential Creagh family interest dated 1882 titled - "FOREIGN OFFICE: General Creagh's widow's case for a civil list pension" (record T 1/14056).
     The 86th regiment went to Ireland in 1837. In April 1842 It left Ireland from Cork and by August 1842 at the latest was in Bombay where Andrew Michael was born on 2 October. However its commander from 1832, when the regiment was stationed in the West Indies, Lieut.-Colonel Sir Michael Creagh K. H. who was knighted in 1832 did not take the regiment to India in 1842 where the regiment remained until 1859 as on 7 January 1842 he exchanged positions with Lieut.-Colonel Derinzy of the 11th Regiment of Foot who was in command when the 86th arrived in Bombay. After its return to England in August 1859 it remained there for only about a year before in Sept. 1860 going to Ireland where it was stationed until October 1864 when it went to Gibraltar. In 1810 when James Creagh (later Lieut.-General) was prompted to Ensign, the 22 years later commander of the regiment Sir Michael Creagh was a Lieutenant in the regiment who according to the Asiatic Annual Register for 1810/11 was that year "dangerously wounded" in Bengal. As he did not marry until 1823 he was not the father of Lieut.- General James Creagh but may have been a relative. His 1860 newpaper death notice stated he was then a Major-General and the Colonel of the 73rd Regiment and the son of the late John Creagh of Limerick, Ireland.

Compiled by John Raymond, Brisbane, QLD., Australia


1941 -

First posted 14 June 2007 - last updated 16 Nov 2013