Descendants of Sarah Ann Gordon
Sarah Ann Gordon, b. 3 May 1822 1, Newcastle, NSW, Australia; d. 11 Aug 1889 2, 3 reg. Mangawhai, New Zealand; buried 14 Aug. 1889, row J - plot 18, Te Arai Cemetery, N.Z. She married on 18 Sep. 1847 4 in Auckland, N.Z. William Moir b. 20 June 1811 4 in Aberdeen, Scotland; died 1 Dec 1881 5, 6, Toronto, Canada; memorial Gartshore family plot, stone #572, Sec 11 lot 22, South Qtr., Grove Cemetery, Dundas, Ontario, Canada, eldest son of James Moir (1776-1849) and Anne Thaw (abt.1784-bef.1835) and gg grandson of Alexander Moir (abt. 1660-) 17.
1. William James Moir
Moir Family History
Sarah Ann was known to her Australian siblings as Sarah and to her New Zealand family as Ann which is how her name appears on her marble and pewter lettered tombstone in Te Arai Cemetery. Ann was also bestowed by her parents Robert (ca. 1886-1863) and Ann Gordon (1795-1868) as a second given name upon all her sisters excepting Maria Matilda whose Matilda came from the name of the miltary transport vessel on which she was born during her parents voyage to Australia in 1817. Sarah Ann spent the last three decades of her life residing in the district and township of Mangawhai - spelt as "Mangawai" before it reverted to the original Maori spelling. It is located on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand about 60 kilometres south of the city of Whangarei on a latitude approximately the same as the Australian New South Wales / Victoria border city of Albury.
Sarah Ann had six sons. Her official death record did not list their names - only their respective ages at the time of her death. In addition the NZ death indexes have a daughter Jacqueline who did not survive her birth year of 1863. In respect of her 1847 marriage to William Moir his army service record only gave the name of his spouse as "Anne". Left blank was the section on the form providing for the entry of the name of a former husband of a spouse thereby implying Sarah Ann had no former husband. Also implying Sarah Ann had no former marriage is a 2 Jan 1845 letter written by her mother Ann Gordon which stated at that time Sarah was living with her in Maitland, NSW. No notice of her 18 Sep 1847 Auckland marriage to William Moir appeared in either The Maitland Mercury newspaper or Auckland's The New Zealander newspaper through to the end of Dec. 1847. For the first half of 1847 William Moir was stationed in NSW at Parramatta where his regiment's head quarters depot was located. As at that time there was no detachment of the 58th stationed in the Newcastle area where Sarah Ann's parents resided it seems likely he and Sarah would have first met at Parramatta or in Sydney. The 58th regiment pay lists and muster rolls recorded that William left NSW on the 12 June 1847 to return to NZ where according to his record of service particulars he arrived on 1 July. Perhaps before departing NSW he became engaged to Sarah Ann, or he proposed by mail not long after returning to Auckland, and she moved there to be married by the Rev. Thomas Buddle in the Wesleyan Church on 18th September that year. There are no indexed birth records in NZ for their first five sons. The only newspaper birth notice noted was for the birth of second son Robert Henry on 12 Jan 1851. However it is possible the first five births may have been recorded in the 58th Reg't birth records currently held by the Family Records Centre in London.
It has been said that Sarah Ann was once lady-in-waiting to Lady Eliza Lucy Grey, the daughter of Sir Richard Spencer, and wife of the Governor of New Zealand Sir George Grey. This claim sources to a 1905 born great granddaughter of Sarah Ann's half-sister Letitia Ann Garmonsway. No information is available today of any record on which the claim could have been based such as a newspaper article etc. The claimed role is also unknown of today (2001) by Sarah Ann's direct descendants. This compiler considers it has no validity. For it to have been the case it would clearly have been necessary for Sarah Ann to have held the lady-in-waiting position sometime during the eight year period beginning 14 November 1845 when Sir George Grey, who from 1841 had been the Governor of South Australia, arrived in New Zealand to take up the post of Governor, and ended December 1853 when Lady Grey departed New Zealand never to return. Lady Grey subsequently separated from her husband in South Africa in 1860 prior to the commencement of Sir George's second term as the Governor of NZ in 1861 and thereafter lived in London. During the last last six years of Lady Grey's total of eight years in NZ Sarah Ann was suitably located in proximity to Government House which was then in Auckland where the 58th regiment headquarters depot was located, and from 1848 as the wife of an army officer, although her husband had taken the less socially acceptable path of rising from the ranks after enlistment in 1831 as a private instead of purchasing his commission and his officer rank of Quarter Master was the most junior of the officer ranks traditionally filled by one elevated from the ranks, it is possible Sarah Ann may have had the requisite social standing for such a position. However it seems to this compiler the role of lady-in-waiting to the wife of the Governor of the Crown colony would have been held by a widow or a single woman rather than one who actually had three pregnancies and births during the six year period! It would also seem there would have been available to the Greys' more socially qualified candidates residing in Auckland as well as from Sir George's previous 4½ year term as the Governor of South Australia. Due to a complete lack of any supporting evidence and doubt Sarah Ann as a daughter of an ordinary private foot soldier and wife of the regiment's most junior officer would have had the requisite social standing, commonsense suggests the Garmonsway line descendant originally responsible for the lady-in-waiting role assertion was in error.
Incorrect information regarding William Moir was published in 1975 in a book titled The Rock and the Sky. It stated William Moir of Mangawhai arrived in New Zealand on 18 Jun 1859 from Kelvingrove, Glasgow. In fact the 18 June 1859 date was the date of his 380 acre land grant at Mangawhai River and Kelvin Grove the name he gave to that farm situated near Te Arai! It is understood from family sources he named the property after a place named Kelvin Grove where he may have last lived before leaving Scotland for England (perhaps the Glasgow suburb of that name). Secondly the book was quite vague about William's early N.Z. military service - merely suggesting he may have been a Sergeant in the regular army without giving the regiment's name. The name of his regiment is clearly established from his death record and from several other records to have been the 58th Rutlandshire Regiment of Foot and a signed copy of his military service history, written by William Moir in the early 1850s, has been in the possession of the Moir family ever since. He was actually the Sergeant-Major of his regiment (its' senior non-commissioned officer) when he arrived in NZ and for the last decade of his period on active duty with the regiment in NZ a commissioned officer holding the rank of Quarter Master !
The book reference was also amazingly astray in respect of another important aspect of Moir family history. It stated quote: "Captain Moir went to Canada and all trace of him was lost" 8. This inferred lack of knowledge by his N.Z. family of when and where he died is not confirmed by surviving family letters or public records in N.Z. and Canada. A 1902 NZ estate intestacy administration court lodgement by the NZ Public Trustee, in respect of a ¼ acre block of land in NZ valued at £15 not bequeathed by a will, gave his place of death as Toronto, Canada and the date as 1 Dec 1881 5. This same date was officially registered in Toronto at the time of his death. Also confirming that the details of his death in Toronto were known to his NZ family is a surviving 18 Dec 1882 letter from his widow Sarah Ann to her sister Letitia Garmonsway, which stated in reference to the six months earlier death of their sister Maria Fulford from cancer, quote: "I had not time to get over the sad death of my husband and the way in which his friends treated me". The letter went on to state in relation to her widow's army pension entitlement, for which it said an application had been forwarded by a Colonel Hewitson to the Ministry of War on her behalf, - "I have now been twelve months when I should have been receiving some" 9.
The Toronto death registration for which the informant was his doctor P. C. Costantinides did not give a residential street address and made no mention of a wife or children. It gave his age as 70, place of birth as Aberdeen, Scotland, that he was of Presbyterian denomination and his occupation was a Captain in Her Majesty's 58th Regiment. It stated he died of general paralysis lasting between four and five months. A New Zealand family legend is he died as a result of an accident whilst visiting a brother in Canada. However as the catalyst for the onset of the general paralysis was not given in the death record other causes such as stroke are possible. The death registration contained no other information 6. British Army Paymaster General pay sheets recorded his last NZ address for pay purposes was Te Arai which was where his farm was located and from 2 April 1878 it became Toronto, Upper Canada, indicating he must have left NZ in late 1877. Thus he resided in Canada for the four years preceeding his death 21.
Scottish ancestry - emigration to Canada
William Moir's ancestors in Aberdeenshire in Scotland were mostly millers. No evidence has been noted they were landowners. A professional researcher in Scotland concluded they were most likely sub-tenants who would have worked in corn mills. The line traces back to Alexander Moir born about 1660 at Milne of Portsdown near Inverurie located about 20 kilometers NW of Aberdeen. His son Alexander was born about 1692 at Little Milne of Bourtie, just north-east of Inverurie, and had six known children. One was George who was baptised on 8 June 1736 at Bourtie. George had nine known children of whom William Moir's father James was born in June 1776 at Milltown of Durno, Chapel of Garioch, just NW of Inverurie.
The record of the marriage of James in Aberdeen to Ann Thaw in 1805 gave his occupation as flaxdresser - an occupation involved in paper-making so he likely worked in a paper mill. James Moir and Ann Thaw had seven known children 17, 24. Thirty years later in 1835 James and three of his seven children (not including William) emigrated to Canada. The ship's list gave his occupation as a gentleman and that of son James Jr. as farmer. The two others in the party were daughters Margaret and Ann (in 1846 a sister Mary, and a widowed sister Jacqueline who had married in Aberdeen in 1831 joined the others in Ontario). The party left Aberdeen on 3 April 1835 on the Brilliant arriving at New York on the 30th May. Their destination in Ontario was the Bon Accord settlement in Nichol Township, Wellington County where the new settlers mostly came from Aberdeen - Bon Accord being the moto on the Aberdeen coat of arms and the watchword used by the Aberdonians whilst aiding Robert Bruce in his battles with the English. The Bon Accord settlement name no longer exists. Today the nearest town is Elora. James Jr. (1815-1906) farmed in Bon Accord for most of his life. He married and had a family of seven children. His four sisters who came to Canada all married and lived in nearby towns 24.
A Canadian family legend, derived from a family history note written in 1952, is that William ran away from home in Aberdeenshire when young and joined the army. William's nephew Lt. Colonel William Moir Gartshore who was born in 1853 and would have met William in Canada, when writing of William in a book published in 1930 titled Leaves from a Lifetime, wrote that "After his family had grown up and left the parental home, he came to Canada, and his later days he spent in Toronto, with his sister, Mrs. John Gartshore who until then had not seen him for fifty years." 25, 29. The sister with whom William spent his last years in Canada was Margaret Panton Moir (1809-1899). She married Scottish born John Gartshore (1810-1873) in Fergus in 1836 where he built the first mill. 26
The Gartshore's moved to Dundas in 1837 where he established an iron foundry. As late as 1998 some remnants of his last foundary building remained in Hatt Street. John Gartshore went on to become one of the leading Canadian industralists of his age. His Dundas foundary is credited as having been at that time a very important training centre for journeymen and the most influential centre for the creation of heavy industry in Ontario. He died in Glasgow in 1873 while on visit to his homeland 27. Wholly constructed by his company in the late 1850s were two huge pump engines each rated at 100 horsepower for the water supply of the city Hamilton, which as early as 1853 had a population of 25,000 and in the year 2001 was the third largest city in Ontario with 318,000. As originally installed in the Gartshore Pump House the two engines combined were capable of lifting 3,300,000 gallons a day from Lake Ontario. In 1983 the pumphouse was opened to the public as the Hamilton Museum of Steam and Technology. The engines are the last surviving North American example of a mid-19th Century waterworks the construction of which changed the course of Hamilton's history and the lives of generations of its residents. The waterworks was officially opened in 1860 by the Prince of Wales during the first royal tour of the Canadas 27.
William's Military History
William Moir was a career soldier who on the 30 Mar 1831 at the age of 19 years and 9 months enlisted as a private in the Scots Fusilier Guards. Whilst in Guards he was promoted to Corporal on 18 Jul 1834 and to Sergeant on 28 Dec 1838 4. At 29 years years of age, after only nine years military service, on 1 Nov 1840 he was appointed Sergeant-Major of the 58th Rutlandshire Regiment of Foot - otherwise known as the Old Black Cuffs, providing him with a springboard for promotion to officer rank early in the period the regiment was destined to spend in lands far to the south of his Scottish homeland.
Until mid 1851 the headquarters depot of the 58th was at Chatham in England. The regiment was stationed in Australia from 1843 to 1847. From 1844, with the exception of a 6 month period in 1846/47, the main body was stationed in New Zealand from which it did not finally depart until November 1858. The headquarters depot in New Zealand where William was stationed during the thirteen years he served there with the regiment was at Albert Barracks in Auckland. The construction of Albert Barracks was commenced after the beginning of the Hone Heke War in 1845, and by the early 1850s the approx. 14 hectare site was fully protected by a 12 feet high loop-holed volcanic blue stone wall. Part of the Albert Barracks site is now Albert Park.
The regiment's pay and muster and records from April 1843 to Nov. 1859 are recorded on 12 reels of AJCP microfilm. The intial pay list for the Chatham headquarters for the quarter ended 30 June 1843 listed Sergeant-Major William Moir as the regiment's senior non-commissioned officer. The regiment then had an officer compliment of approximately 40 and a total strength of about 1100. There were 932 privates and 18 buglers, pipers and drummers 10. The muster and pay records reveal William's journey to the future, to be initially in Australia and thereafter excepting the last four years of his life in New Zealand, commenced with embarkation in England for New South Wales on 14 May 1844 on the 594 tons barque Pestonjee Bomajee, with a complement of the 58th regiment commanded by Major Cyprian Bridge comprising the commanding officer's wife, several officers, the doctor, plus 158 rank & file and 46 soldiers from the 80th regiment, and 13 women and 17 children. The vessel arrived in Sydney Harbour on 28 Sept. 1844 after a 138 day passage and the troops disembarked two days later 11, 12. William spent only six months in NSW before embarking for New Zealand on 10 Apr 1845 on the bargue the Slains Castle. The vessel arrived at Auckland on the 21 April and the regiment disbarked the following day. On the 28th April the corps left on the same transport for the Bay of Islands to deal with the Maori tribes led by the Chief Hone Heke and his principal allay Kawiti who were in rebellion 7,13.
Because of a close likeness it was thought William may have been the Sergeant-Major who is the third from the left and tallest in an undated photograph purported to be of 58th regiment NCOs. However such would appear not to be the case as it is understood the tunic worn by those in the photo was not authorised for use to replace the coatee as the dress uniform for the rank and file until 1856, and William would not have worn a Sergeant-Major's dress uniform after 30 March 1848. William is mentioned is several times in the book To Face the Daring Maoris, that is a history of the First Maori War of 1845-1847 told through a collection of diary entries of 58th Reg't soldiers 20. He participated in all the major 1845 and 1846 actions in the north of the North Island of New Zealand - being the destruction on 30 Apr 1845 of Pomare's Pa, the attack on Hone Heke's Pa at Puketutu on 8 May 1845, on the Kapotai Pa located up the Waikare River on 16 May 1845, on the Heke Pa at Ohaeawai on 1 Jul 1845, and on the Kawiti Pa at Ruapekapeka on 11 Jan 1846. These actions are collectively known as the Hone Heke War. For a selection of contemporary drawings and paintings of the various actions by 58th Reg't artists Major (later Colonel) Cyprain Bridge (1807-1885) and Lance-Sergeant John Williams (-1905) see paintings. At the foot of that page will be found a link to the official despatches, editorial comment etc. published in the major newspaper of the day.
William Moir's record of service stated at the 8th May 1845 assault on Hone Heke's Pa at Puketutu he volunteered his services with the stormers 4, 31. Following that action, which was the first in which the 58th regiment had engaged an enemy in combat since the 1813-14 Peninsular War, the commanding officer at the assault Major Cyprian Bridge, when commenting in his order on the steadiness and gallantry displayed, singled out three for special mention : quote "the Induvidual Bravery of Lieutenant and Adjutant M'Lerie, Sergeant-Major Moir and Sergeant Brown". In this engagement the 58th lost seven killed with seventeen wounded. The record stated William was severely wounded at the assult on Heke's Pa at Ohaeawai on 1st July 1845 4. Hone Heke had retreated to Ohaeawai after abandoning his Pa at Puketutu, but had left it and gone into hiding to recover from a wound and the Pa was commanded by his allay Kawiti. The assult commenced at 3 p.m. Terrible losses were suffered by the stormers. In an action lasting only 5 to 7 minutes a third were either killed or wounded, giving rise to the action being regarded as the N.Z. equivalent of the Crimean War Charge of the Light Brigade. The diary of Corporal John Mitchell (who later became a Captain in the Militia) recorded: "The party was literally mown down. My nearest comrades in the affray were Capt Grant & Sergt Major Moir. We could see inside the Pah, but could not reach the maories lying in the ditches. One of them a big fellow I could just reach with the bayonet, but could not use it with effect. He was intent on shooting me. I called Capt Grant's attention to the fix I was in, he shot the fellow with his pistol in the forehead. He, Grant was killed almost immediately. At the same time Sergt Major Moir called to me he was wounded. I was also wounded above the left knee. We both retired, the whole area was strewn with wounded and dead, a very frightful sight." 20. The service record stated William was quote: "Granted a medal and annuity for meritorious service on 1st April 1846 when Serj. Major of the 58th Regiment with the Commander in Chiefs authority to wear the laurel of a Commissioned Officer".
Excepting for three companies who remained stationed in the south of the North Island, late in 1846 the headquarters and other companies of the 58th regiment were withdrawn to NSW. They sailed from Auckland on the Java on 6 Dec, arriving back in Sydney on 18th, where they occupied the old quarters at Parramatta quit some twenty months previously 20. As it turned out their sojurn back in NSW was to last for only six months. An escalation of trouble in the south of the North Island in the Wanganui area in May 1847 resulted in their return to New Zealand. The muster and pay lists for the quarter ended 31 Dec 1846 state William Moir spent 19 of the 92 day period on board ship and for the next March quarter was in Sydney for the full period. The list for the quarter ended 30 Jun 1847 discloses on 12 Jun 1847 he departed Sydney for New Zealand. Four months later on 15 Oct 1847 he was promoted to the rank of Quarter Master 4. By this time the Maori rebellion in New Zealand that had commenced with the attack on Russell at the Bay of Island on 11 March 1845 was over and was to remain so until the fresh outbreaks in the 1860s in which William Moir again participated.
The muster and pay records indicate his promotion to officer rank took full effect from 30 Mar 1848 - quote: "being the date of the notification of his appointment as Quarter Master" 14. The rank of Quarter Master placed him in order in the muster and pay lists immediately below the Adjutant which was a position usually filled by a Ensign or Lieutenant. He was stationed in Auckland where the 58th depot was situated. A letter to the Secretary of War dated 13 Nov 1852, written by the Commanding Officer of the regiment Lieutenant Colonel R. H. Wynyard, in support of his application for a pay increase to which he had become entitled by his then five year period of service as an officer, indicates from the formality of approval the following year William's army pay was at the rate of eight shillings and six pence a day which equates to £150 per annum. The quarterly muster and pay records reveal he held the rank of Quarter Master for almost eleven years until he "retired" effective 23 July 1858. His retirement is recorded on the muster and pay list for the six months ended 31 Mar 1859 15. His replacement was appointed just 12 days before the last of the 58th regiment soldiers who had not taken a discharge in NZ embarked for England on 7 Nov 1858.
The muster and pay lists reveal William ceased active duty effective from 1 Aug 1857 when he went "on leave" upon which he remained until retirement. Whether the notation in the pay list that he had "retired" effective from that date in 1858 meant he was thereafter regarded as an officer on half-pay liable at any time to be called up for active duty remains to be determined. Such seems most likely, in which case he would seemingly have retained that half-pay status for the balance of his three score years and ten, excepting for a few years in the 1860s during the Second Maori Wars when again on full active army service in the N.Z. Militia - the forerunner of New Zealand's Regular Army . Such a scenario may explain his widow's application to the Ministry of War in England for a pension after his death. Under this scenario it would follow from the time of appointment as Quarter Master in 1847 that records of his address etc. would be held at the Public Records Office in Kew, England. His details of service etc. should be found at the PRO in several record series, amongst which would likely be the army officer lists, foreign officers on half pay lists, the Paymaster General series PMG 6 and the paymaster's records of widows pensions. These records have not been consulted by the compliler. William Moir is not mentioned in a book titled Discharged in New Zealand by Hugh Hughes which lists about 800 soldiers from British regiments who took discharges in New Zealand during the period 1840-1870 because the book does not cover those who were officers or who were in the militia.
Following his July 1858 retirement from active duty in the 58th regiment he was appointed in December that year by the Governor of New Zealand as a Captain in the City Company of the Auckland Volunteers. During the Second Maori War in the 1860s he served with that rank in the First Waikato Regiment for which he received a medal awarded in respect of his service during the period 1861-66 16.
Captain William Moir holds a unique place in Australian Military History. The first formal involvement of Australian soldiers in an overseas war was the force of 750 men raised in 1885 for the war in the Sudan, named the Infantry Regiment of the New South Wales Contingent for Special Service in Egypt. Earlier a small number of Australians served as volunteers in N.Z. during the First Maori War in 1845/46 and similarly some served in the mid 1850s in British regiments in the Crimean War. However the Second Maori War in N.Z. in the 1860s was distinctly the first war in which Australians were involved as soldiers to any significant extent. A total of 2400 enlisted in the New Zealand Militia. They arrived in N.Z. from Australia on 23 chartered vessels between Sep 1863 and March 1864. The distinction held by Capt. William Moir is that he commanded the first detachment of the Australian recruits to engage the Maori enemy. The occassion was on 13 Oct. 1863 at what is known as the Battle of East Pukekohe Church. The church was located within a stockade that came under attack by the Maoris. In this engagement the detachment under his command numbering 26, all being Australian enlistees from the First Waikato Regiment of Military Settlers, suffered one wounded shot in the knees and axed on the head 30. William Moir had been severely wounded in 1845 during the First Maori War. Whether he was again wounded during the second wars in the Waikato is not known. He may have been, for in respect of his NZ miltary service his Canadian nephew Lt. Col. Gartshore wrote in 1930 that - "He served there for several years, retiring at length, with the rank of Captain, because of a wound he had received 29.
From 1865/66 until 1875 the electoral roll listed William Moir as the holder of 586 acres on the Mangawhai River. He was no longer listed in the next available roll for 1881. In the main this property was comprised of the 380 acres located on the Rodney County side of Mangawhai for which on 18 June 1859 he had been the crown grantee. William's rank in the 58th would likely have given him an entitlement to a substantial land order when he retired thus explaining his acquisition of this land before he again saw active service during the Waikato Maori Wars. In respect of his active service in those wars Mr. Johnsons Gazette quoted: "As we approach Te Arai we passthe residence of Captain Moir and Mr Griffen, both away at the front". The Gazette reporter's approach to Te Arai must have been from the north as the property named Kelvin Grove was located about half way between Mangawhai and Te Arai. It is assumed this reference would have been circa 1863/64. The name of Captain Moir was on the gazetted list of names of elected members of Mangawhai Highway Board of 1870/71/72.
It is not entirely clear if William Moir ever personally owned land at Moirs Point located across the river from where the wharfe was at the end of Moir Street, and where some of his descendants owned and leased land and the Christian Youth Camp was located (in 2000). In 1975 some remains of his old homestead could still be found on the original Kelvin Grove property which it is said was named after the last place he lived at before leaving Scotl - perhaps the Glasgow suburb of that name 8. In 1859 he built the first Mangawhai Hotel of which Samuel Mooney was the first host. Mooney held the first license in 1865 when the Licensing Act of 1863 came into force. By 1868 William Moir was the licensee. The original hotel was destroyed by fire in 1861. Its replacement was sited exactly opposite at the wharf end of Moir Street where in 2001 the tavern was located 8.
The Moir family of Mangawhai are to be distinguished from
the Moirs' of Moirs Hill located in the Puhoi / Ahuroa
area. According to the book The Rock and the Sky
the brothers Alexander and Henry Moir arrived from
Queensferry, Scotland in 1859 on the Caduceus
and were crown grantees in June the same year of Lot 16
of 118 acres in Ahuroa. Alexander Moir never married.
His brother Henry was in the militia and married an
Eliza and they had three children - James who died in
1949, Henrietta, and Charlotte. Of the three only
Charlotte married. Thus their Moir surname did not
survive the second generation.
1 NSW BDM Indexes – christened C of E, Christ Church, Hexham/Newcastle – V1822 6174 1B
2 Headstone Te Arai Cemetery south of Mangawhai, Northland, New Zealand.
3 NZ Death Certificate #1889-1101
4 Photocopy of original form titled: Statement of the Services of Quarter Master W Moir of the 58th regt. of Foot - with a record of such other Particulars as may be useful in case of his Death. Undated but likely ca. 1853 with copy retained by W. Moir. It states he was married in Auckland 1847 by Rev. T. Buddle a minister of the Wesleyan Church - image copy courtesy of Orrin and Judith Brown of New Zealand. Marriage date of 18 Sept. 1847 from Moir family records provided by Lynette Westcott of N.Z.
5 Microfiche - ESTATES 1866 to 1900 - "William Moir; Toronto, Canada, died 1st December 1881, Captain in Army". E/A filed 4th June 1902 - file numbers 1902/1456 and 1902/1225
6 1881 Ontario Vital Statistics #22219-81. From the LDS Church microfilm of the records - death registrated in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
7 Emails dated 12 & 25 Dec 2000 from Lynette Westcott of New Zealand.
8 The Rock & the Sky published in New Zealand (1975)
9 Letter dated 18 Dec 1882 from Sarah Ann Moir of Mangawhai to Letitia Garmonsway, transcript courtesy of Jill Van Der Reyden of New Zealand.
10 Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP) microfilm reel #3826 covering volume 6743.
11 The Sydney Morning Herald, Monday 30 Sep. 1844.
12 AJCP microfilm reel #3827 - 58th Muster Rolls & Pay Lists 1 Oct 1844 - 31 Dec 1844 - disembarked 30th Sept.
13 Ibid for quarter ended 31 Jul 1845 - embarkation for NZ date given as 10 Apr. 1845.
14 Ibid reel #3829, for quarter ended 31 March 1848 p.213, p.p.165-166.
15 Ibid, reel #3836, 6 months from 1 Oct 1858 - 31 Mar 1859 p. 88 - the 58th Regiment of Foot departed NZ 19 Nov 1858 and arrived in England 6 Mar 1859
16 The NZ Wars 1845 to 1866 (Medal Rolls of officers & men), - William Moir, Captain, medal date 1861 to 1866
17 Descendants of Alexander Moir, compiled genealogy dated 25 May 2001- provided courtesy Sondra Jernigan of the USA.
18 NZ BDM Indexes # 1863-57 reg. Mangawhai.
19 Ibid #1863-49 reg. Mangawhai.
20 Michael Barthrop, To Face the Daring Maoris, (Hodder & Stoughton, 1979), p. 20,36,73,186,95,103. Names appearing in this book can be found indexed at this webpage
21 Change of address date - email advice dated 28 Feb. 2001 from Julie Fox of CA, USA, who obtained the Paymaster General Pay Sheet record from the PRO.
22 Photograph held by Mangawhai Museum - image provided courtesy of Lynnette Westcott, N.Z.
23 Ibid - images provided courtesy of Orrin & Judith Brown of N.Z.
24 Emails dated 19, 25, 31 May 2001 from Sondra Jernigan of the USA.
25 Morgan, Henry James, The Canadian men and women of the time: a handbook of Canadian biography, (Toronto : W. Briggs, 1898) - p. 376.
26 G. Merce Adam, Prominent men of Canada: a collection of persons distinguished in professional and political life, and in the commerce and industry of Canada (Toronto : Canadian Biographical Pub. Co., 1892.) p.p. 131-34.
27 Hamilton's Old Pump House - webpage by William James, Professor of Water Resources Eng., Uni. of Guelph, Ontario, Canada:
28 Photographs courtesy of Sondra Jernigan of the USA.
29 William Moir Gartshore, Leaves from a Lifetime, edited by Margaret Wade (A. Talbot & Co., Printers, London, Ontario, Canada, privately published 1930). A reproduction with an amendment to the Moir history by Sondra Jernigan was printed in the 1990s. As at June 2001 copies were still available from Sondra Jernigan.
30 Rev. Frank Glen, For Glory and a Farm, (Whakatane District Historical Soc., N.Z. 1984)
31 The military term for the contingent of soldiers comprising a storming party was "the forlorn hope". The name referred to the fact that most of them were either killed, wounded, or captured and only occassionly came back. (from: the quide to locating British regiments and their records titled, In Search of the Forlorn Hope Vol. I, by John M. Kitzmiller (Manuscript Publishing Foundation, Salt Lake City, Utah , 1988).
32 Artist: Lance-Sergeant John Williams (- 1905). Albert Barracks, Auckland, N.Z., with Mount Eden in the distance, from an original sketch by Major (later Colonel) Cyprian Bridge (1807-1885), watercolour. Rex Nan Kivell Collection NK1271. By permission of the National Library of Australia.
Special acknowledgement to Lynette Westcott of NZ and Sondra Jernigan of the USA who made available their research, compiled genealogies & photographs, and to Judith Brown of NZ for family records, photographs & maps, and Delwyn Andew & Anne Picketts of NZ for early assistance in researching the family history. Without their help this page would not have been possible.