Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

   

                                 Fort  William Calcutta

Fort William was built by the British in 1758. It was begun by Lord Clive after the battle of Plassey in 1758.  The cost to build the citadel of Fort William was two million sterling. A garrison of 15,000 men were needed for its defence.  The Fort was built in the form of an octagon..

From "Monuments of India, volume 11" by Phillip Davies, published 1989

Fort William is one of the most impressive examples of European fortification in the East.  Roughly octagonal in shape , with six principal gates, it was designed bye Captain John Brohier in 1757.  It took 13 years to complete at a staggering cost of over 2 million pounds.  It replaced old Fort William, which lay slightly to the north.  Modelled on Vauban's 17th century defensive concepts, the work was finished by Archibald Campbell after Brohier was charged with fraud and absconded from custody.  The construction of the Fort altered the whole plan of Calcutta and generated a wave of rebuilding. A huge open space, the MAIDAN, was cleared to give an unrestricted field of fire.  Excellent views of the outer ramparts and the fosse may be obtained from the Maidan, which, with its numerous tanks, offers a pleasant retreat with shaded walks and distant vistas of Government House and the Victorian Memorial.

The Fort is occupied by the Army... ST. PETER;S CHURCH (1826) forms a picturesque centrepiece to the Fort.  It is now a library.  The barrack buildings are typical of the period; long, three - storey blocks, plainly detailed in a classical style and face in chunam.

                                      The Barracks at Fort William