Book Title: THE WAR OF THE REBELLION:
A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS
OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES.
SERIES 1 - VOLUME 47 (PART I)
OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA.
THE CAMPAIGN OF THE CAROLINAS (CHAP. LIX)
Itinerary of the Union Forces, January 1-June 30,
TWENTIETH ARMY CORPS
p.122: …March 1.-Marched from Clyburn's Store, S. C., to Brewer's farm; distance, fourteen miles; roads miry, weather cloudy, with little rain. March 2.-Marched toward Chesterfield Court-House, S. C. Met a small force of the enemy within one mile and a half of the town; drove them without loss. March 3.-Command remained at Chesterfield; reconnaissance made toward Sneedsborough, N. C. March 4.-Marched to within one mile of the Great Pedee River, ten miles northwest of Cheraw and near Sneedsborough, N. C. Weather cloudy, with little rain; roads rough and miry. March 5.-Command remained near Sneedsborough, N. C.; weather mild and pleasant. March 6.-Marched to Cheraw, S. C.; crossed the pontoon bridge and encamped four miles north of Cheraw. Roads medium; weather clear and pleasant; distance traveled, fourteen miles….
FIRST BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION
p.136: …March 3.-Moved at 9 a. in. The brigade was detailed as rear guard of the corps trains. Was detained considerably by the bad roads. The soil in this day's march was very treacherous and full of quicksands. We crossed Big Black, Little Black, and Smith's Mill Creeks; went into camp at 11.30 p.m. at Chesterfield Court-House. March 4.-Moved at 7 a. in. in charge of a portion of the train to near Sneedsborough, N. C. March 5.-Did not move; awaiting the building of the pontoon bridge over the Great Pedee River…
p.137: March 6.-Moved at 8 a. in. and marched to Cheraw, S. C., nine miles below Sneedsborough, to cross on the pontoon bridge of the Right Wing, which place we reached at 12 m. Waited until 2 p.m. until the remainder of the Fifteenth Army Corps had crossed, when we crossed and marched five miles and encamped for the night on the plantation of Mr. Woollard.
p.147-148: SECOND BRIGADE, THIRD CAVALRY DIVISION
….[March.]-During the month we participated in the campaign through the Carolinas….
March 4.-We engaged the enemy near Wadesborough, he attacking us lightly, no casualties occurring. We then saw no more of the enemy until the 16th, at Black Creek, near Averasborough, where we engaged him, driving him until dark, when we went into position, fortifying. Lively skirmishing continued during the night until we were relieved by one brigade of infantry from Twentieth Corps…
p.680-689: Reports of Bvt. Maj. Gen. John W. Geary, U. S. Army, commanding Second Division, of operations January 19-March 25 and April 10-May 24.  HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION, TWENTIETH CORPS, Goldsborough, N. C., March 26, 1865.
COLONEL: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this division from December 21, 1864, the date of the occupation of Savannah, until March 24, 1865, when we reached Goldsborough:
…March 3, marched at 6.30 a. m. Was delayed au hour repairing the bridge over Big Black Creek, which was in very bad condition. At Big Black Creek, which I reached at 9.30 a.m., I found the trains of the Third Division not yet out of their park of last night. At 10:30 o'clock we crossed Little Black Creek farther on Smith's Mill Creek, and at 1 p.m., at a little stream two miles beyond, found the Third Division trains again parked. At 2. p.m. moved forward again, being delayed frequently during the afternoon by the trains preceding. The road from Smith's Mill Creek to Chesterfield was in very bad condition and we had to corduroy a great part of it. Reached Chesterfield Court-House at 9 p.m. and encamped with the other divisions of the corps. Weather to-day, showery, clearing off toward night. Some of my foragers to-day went as far north as Wadesborough, N. C., from which they were driven by the rebel cavalry; distance, fifteen miles. March 4, my division in the center, covering my trains and those of the leading division, marched at 7 a.m.; crossed Abram's Creek, Little Westfield and Big Westfield Creeks, and encamped near Sneedsborough, covering the plank road which runs from Wadesborough to Cheraw. The roads were of the worst description, the entire surface of the country being quicksand, which had to be corduroyed. Country poor and thinly settled, yet our foragers brought in abundant supplies, mostly from the regions between us and Wadesborough; distance, ten miles…
p.857-859: Report of Bvt. Maj. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick, U. S. Army, commanding Third Cavalry Division, of operations January 28-March 24. 
HDQRS. CAVALRY COMMAND ARMY OF INVASION, Mount Olive Station, N. C., April 5, 1865.
MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by my command in the recent campaign through the Carolinas, up to the occupation of Goldsborough: [February]…and on the evening of the 20th reached Monticello. Found that Wheeler had already crossed the river and was moving north to Chesterville. From Monticello my command moved to Springfield Post-Office, on the Columbia and Charlotte Railroad, and demonstrated strongly in the direction of Chesterville until the main army had secured a crossing over the Wateree River, then drew off across the Wateree and moved to Lancaster, and again strongly demonstrated in the direction of Charlotte. Here it was found that Hampton's and Wheeler's combined forces were in my front. By demonstrations and feints, communications, and a well-timed interview with Major-General Wheeler, the enemy was not only deceived as to our real movements, but the deception was kept up for several days, and it was not until our army had crossed Lynch's Creek and the advance had actually reached Chesterfield and Cheraw that he discovered his mistake. In the meantime portions of my command had occupied Monroe and Wadesborough, destroyed many mills and much other valuable property.
Report of Maj. Owen Star, Second Kentucky Cavalry, of operations, January 24-March 24. HEADQUARTERS SECOND KENTUCKY CAVALRY, Mount Olive, N. C., March 25, 1865.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to submit the following report of the movements of and part taken by my regiment in the recent campaign through the Carolinas:…
March 3, crossed the line into North Carolina. I was ordered to camp my regiment three-quarters of a mile in rear of brigade and barricade, facing to the rear. 4th, moved up on a line with the brigade and went into position on the left, leaving pickets at my old barricade. About 11 o'clock they were [attacked] and driven from the barricade about 100 yards. In the evening moved with the brigade several miles and again barricaded. March 5, moved to Morven Post-Office and got supper and moved to Great Pedee River, where we awaited the construction of a pontoon until the night of the 6th, when we crossed, reaching Rockingham on the 7th….
p.874-875: Report of Lieut. Col. Robert II. King, Third Kentucky Cavalry, of operations January 28-March 24. 
HEADQUARTERS THIRD KENTUCKY CAVALRY,
Mount Olive, N. C., March 27, 1865.
…Monday, the 13th, we resumed our march, encountering only disagreeable weather, and reached Lexington on the 16th. The next night we crossed the Saluda River on pontoons and moved on to Broad River, crossing that stream in the same way during the night of the 19th. From the 20th of February to the 4th of March nothing of interest occurred. During this interval we marched to a point near Wadesborough, N. C., passing through Monticello, crossing the Catawba River, toiling through swamps and over roads almost impassable from mud….On the 4th of March the enemy attacked our division at various points, but were in every instance handsomely repulsed….During the evening there was considerable firing in our front. The enemy withdrew during the night. The next morning we marched, passing Morven Post-Office, where we halted and fed, to the Great Pedee, but finding the bridge unfinished were compelled to remain until the night following, when we crossed the river and encamped at daylight near Rockingham. The next morning we moved on that place….
p.877-878: Report of Lieut. Charles Blanford, commanding Howitzer Battery, of operations January 28-March 24.
HDQRS. HOWITZER BATTERY, 1ST BRIG., 3D CAV. Div.,
Mount Olive Station, N. C., March 27, 1865.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command on the recent campaign from Savannah, Ga., to this place: …Crossed Broad River on the 19th and marched in the direction of Chesterville. Crossed Wateree River at Rocky Mount Post-Office on the 23d and reached Lancaster Court-House on the 25th and encamped until the 25th. Broke camp and marched on the Chesterfield road a short distance and encamped. On the morning of March 31 again took up the march in the direction of Wadesborough, N. C., and reached a point about twelve miles from that place and encamped for the night.
p.878-880: Report of Bvt. Brig. Gen. Smith D. Atkins, Ninety-second Illinois (mounted) Infantry, commanding Second Brigade, of operations January 28-March 24.
HDQRS. SECOND BRIG., THIRD CAVALRY DIVISION, MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, Near Mount Olive, N. C., April 1, 1865.
MAJOR: Herewith find reports of my regimental and detachment commanders of the campaign through the Carolinas-some of them journalized accounts of each day's march. I beg they be taken as part of this report:…
…I next saw the enemy on March 4, while in camp about ten miles south of Wadesborough, my pickets being furiously attacked at 12 m. The pickets of the Tenth Ohio and Ninth Michigan were forced back with slight loss. The Tenth Ohio, dismounted, in barricades, was flanked and fell back to line of battle of Ninety-second Illinois and Ninth Michigan. We held these cross-roads, with some skirmishing, until 5 p.m., when, the divisions, having passed that point, we withdrew, the enemy following and attacking lightly. Just at dark passed through First Brigade, heavily barricaded….
p.884-886: Report of Col. George S. Acker, Ninth Michigan Cavalry, of operations January 28-March 23.
HDQRS. NINTH MICHIGAN VOLUNTEER CAVALRY, Near Mount Olive, N. C., March 29, 1865.
In compliance with orders I have the honor to submit the following report of the campaign from Savannah, Ga., to Mount Olive, N. C.:…March 1, we moved camp one mile. March 2, marched at daylight toward Wadesborough; seventeen miles. March 3, marched into North Carolina sixteen miles and went into camp at Phillips' Cross-Roads. March 4, at 1 p.m. the picket on the White Store road was driven in by the enemy, thus opening a road to the rear of Companies E and H picketing the Wadesborough road. Captains Hinchey and Rice, in command, not being notified of this fact, were resisting a vigorous attack by the enemy in their front when they were suddenly assailed by overwhelming numbers in the rear. They at once decided to cut their way through to the command. In the charge Captain Rice lost 2 men killed and 11 from the command missing. Captain Hinchey had his horse shot and quite a number of his men also lost their horses. After holding the cross-roads for three hours our brigade moved beyond the camp of the First Brigade to Bethel Church, ten miles, skirmishing in the rear nearly the whole distance. Early in the day, in compliance with orders from division headquarters, a scouting party of 100 men, under command of Major McBride, was sent to Wadesborough, nine miles, with written instructions to "clean out the town." The major proceeded to Wadesborough, destroyed a grist-mill, sawmill, tannery, large Government stables and all other public property. He discovered no enemy until he neared our picket-post of the morning, when his advance guard reported the enemy in front. Deeming it impossible, he rode up with the advance, when the rebels opened fire upon him. By a gallant charge he drove them back, but seeing our pickets no longer there and the dead bodies of two of our men, he withdrew and joined the command near Bethel Church by another road. The coolness and courage of Major McBride and the men under his command on this occasion is highly commendable. March 5 marched to Morven Post-Office and thence at 9 p.m. to pontoon bridge across Great Pedee River near the State line of North and South Carolina. March 6, crossed Great Pedee River at 9 p.m. and marched toward Rockingham ten miles….
p.893-894: … The following day we again marched upon the left of the division, and camped near the North Carolina line, three miles north of Blakeny's, in Chesterfield District, S.C. On the morning of the 3d of March we resumed our line of march on the left through a clay country with horrible roads and traveled a distance of ten miles, when we went into camp in Anson County, N.C., about three miles from the State line. We had hardly placed our pickets out when they were driven in by General Hampton's cavalry. The command was quickly thrown into position and we awaited an attack. A small force of the enemy attempted to charge the extreme right of our line, when a few shells from Lieutenant Stetson's section quickly scattered them. We remained in position, expecting an attack, till next morning, when we again resumed our line of march without further incident till after we had crossed the Great Pedee River at Sneedsborough and passed Rockingham, N. C….
Your obedient servant, GEO. E. SPENCER, Colonel First Alabama Cavalry, Commanding Third Brigade.
Maj. L. G. ESTES, Asst. Adjt. Gen., Third Cav. Div., Mil. Div. of the Miss.
p.1049: Charlotte, March 5, 1865. General Hampton reports from near White's Store at 9 p. m. yesterday that Fourteenth Corps is moving on Wadesborough, and Twentieth Corps on a road to its right. Prisoners say they expect to reach Wadesborough tonight.
G.T. BEAUREGARD. General JOHNSTON.
p.1122: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, Four Miles from Wilson’s Store,
March 1, 1865-8:10 [p.m.].
MAJOR: We started from Lancaster with intention of going to Nelson's, on the Wadesborough road, but on approaching that place we found the Tenth Confederate, of General Allen's division, and were informed by the commanding officer that the enemy were on that road, and therefore we were compelled to move up on this road toward Wilson’s Store. I think we will be compelled to move nearly all General Humes' division up to that point, as I can hear of but very little forage this side of that point. If you have any orders for me please send them right down this road. Respectfully, major, your obedient servant,
J. WHEELER, Major-General.
Maj. II. B. MCCLELLAN, Assistant Adjutant- General.
p.1123: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, March 2, 1865-7.05 a. m. MAJOR: Prisoners captured late yesterday evening, about six miles east of Lancaster, state they were near Kilpatrick's whole camp when taken. He moved about five miles day before yesterday and one mile yesterday.
Respectfully, major, your obedient servant, J. WHEELER, Major-General.
Maj. H. B. MCCLELLAN, Assistant Adjutant General.
P.S.-I move at once toward Wilson’s Store.
BOOK TITLE: THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. SERIES 1 - VOLUME 47 (PART II) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.
p.651-652: HDQRS. CAVALRY COMMAND, ARMY 0F INVASION,
In the Field, near Blakeny's Cross-Roads, March 2, 1865.
Maj. L. M. DAYTON, Asst. Adjt. Gen., Military Division of the Mississippi:
MAJOR: Captain Northrop, of my staff, dashed into Monroe yesterday and captured nine of the enemy and broke the enemy's courier line. Two dispatches had been received from Beauregard to Hampton and Hardee; the one addressed to Hampton seven miles from Lancaster, the other at Cheraw. Captain Lee, of Beauregard's staff, had just passed through. He told the citizens that our Right Wing was swinging around to Cheraw, and that he was taking orders to Hardee to fight and delay our march; that Charleston and Wilmington had been evacuated in order to concentrate troops; that Cheatham and a portion of A. P. Hill's corps had reached Charlotte. Beauregard was still in doubt as to our objective point. My officers are fast learning to be good cavalrymen. All little expeditious sent out have been characterized by that enterprise and dash so requisite to success. Captain Northrop brought away nearly one hundred good horses and mules. This information is reliable. Hampton and his cavalry is near Monroe, and not in General Howard's front. I shall hold the roads to the left of Chesterfield to-morrow night, and will reconnoiter the river as high up as opposite Wadesborough. The impression among citizens and rebel soldiers about Monroe is that Petersburg has been evacuated.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. KILPATRICK, Brevet Major- General, Commanding Cavalry.
p.661-662: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE Mississippi,
In the Field, Chesterfield, S. C., March 3, 1865-2.30 p.m.
Major-General Howard, Commanding Right Wing
GENERAL: Your dispatch, of 3.30 p. m. of yesterday, from Black Creek, is just received. I wrote this a.m. to General Blair a letter* to be sent you, which may reach you before this, but will repeat. Slocum took Chesterfield yesterday, driving Butler's cavalry to and through the town, but the enemy broke one of the bridges and burned the other. Both are now repaired, and Slocum will push one division down on the north bank so as to uncover your crossing; but send me word as soon as you are over, that the Twentieth Corps may cross over to the Pedee toward Sneedsborough, where I want his wing and the cavalry to cross over. Of course I am a little impatient to get across Pedee before Beauregard can swing around from Charlotte and Salisbury and oppose our crossing. Once across Pedee, I don't fear the whole Confederate army, for if need be we can swing in against the right bank of Cape Fear and work down till we meet our people, but I shall aim to reach Fayetteville and Goldsborough, where I know Schofield must now be. I have ordered Davis from McManus' Bridge via Mount Croghan to Sneedsborough, and Kilpatrick is above him toward Wadesborough. Roads are very bad up here, either quick sand or red clay. The country is also poor; still thus far we find forage, bacon, and corn meal. I met at Winnsborough Mrs. Aiken, wife of the very Colonel Aiken you report as killed in the fight with Duncan. She was a Miss Gayler, of' Mobile, sister of Mrs. General Gorgas, of the rebel Ordnance Department. In her conversation with me she said she supposed her husband would have to "submit or get killed," and I answered her that such was the case, but I hardly thought so soon to be a prophet. I will send your letter to Slocum, with instructions to read it and push one or two divisions down toward Cheraw as fast as possible, leaving his wagons near the Sneedsborough road. I will stay here to-night and to-morrow come down, in hopes to go into Cheraw. I don't believe Hardee will fight on this side the river, and it is now too late for him to slip out by way of Wadesborough. Your rear divisions will have plenty of time to close up whilst you are getting your crossing secured and bridged. I take it all the bridges across Thompson's Creek are gone, unless it be the railroad bridge, which may have been spared for the sake of the wounded that must still be there. I also feel confident that Wilmington is in our possession, and that none of its garrison is at Cheraw.
Yours, truly, W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General.
p.667-668: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
In the Field, Chesterfield, S. C., March 3, 1865-7 a. m.
Major-General SLOCUM, Commanding Left Wing:
GENERAL: General Kilpatrick reports that he is near Blakeny's, and will move to-day around the head of Thompson's Creek to the neighborhood of Sinclair's and reconnoiter well across to the Pedee. General Blair also reports from his position thirteen miles from Cheraw on the Camden road. General Howard halted him there till the Fifteenth got up in supporting distance. The Fifteenth has been delayed by all sorts of mishaps occasioned by high waters, but General Blair, pursuant to my orders, is now moving straight on Cheraw. I want you to finish up the two bridges, get up your troops from the rear, and move the Twentieth toward Cheraw, north of Thompson's Creek, until you know that General Blair is in Cheraw, when it will work across to the plank road and up to Sneedsborough, where I design your wing and the cavalry to cross over. You may instruct General Davis to move on Sneedsborough at once, but I don't see as he can do better than to come here and use your upper bridge unless lie gets better roads and more forage by Mount Croghan, Sinclair's, McQuaig's, &c. I believe that Hardee is at Cheraw with his Charleston garrison, and it may be part of the Wilmington forces, but I rather think these latter will be used to meet Schofield about Goldsborough, but I want Hardee attacked rapidly and boldly, if in any position this side the Pedee. If he makes the mistake to fight on this side we ought to catch him. I have instructed General Kilpatrick to get a brigade of cavalry across to the plank road at once to observe and attack any force moving on that road from any direction. If Hardee tries to escape toward Wadesborough we must let go our trains and attack him in flank. I think Beauregard, without many wagons, is tied to his Charlotte and Danville railroad. He would not dare depend on the coast road, held as it is, and threatened at Goldsborough. Let us get across the Pedee at all hazards as soon as possible, and then we are all right with Fayetteville as our objective and the Cape Fear River as an alternate base of operations.
Yours, W. T. SHERMAN, Major- General, Commanding.
p.668: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, in the Field, Chesterfield, S. C.,
March 3, 1865.
Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, Commanding Left Wing:
GENERAL: To-morrow the general-in-chief will move into Cheraw and join the Army of the Tennessee. He wishes you to proceed and cross the Pedee with your command at Sneedsborough as soon as possible, and also directs me to say he will make full orders at Cheraw for the next movement.
I am, general, with respect, &c., L. M. DAYTON, Assistant Adjutant-General.
p.670-671: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
In the Field, Chesterfield, S. C., March. 3, 1865-6 a. m.
Major-General KILPATRICK, Commanding Cavalry:
GENERAL: I got your dispatch from Blakeny's last night. I want you to interpose between. Charlotte amid Cheraw till we are across. General Blair's head of column was thirteen miles south west of Cheraw last night. General Jackson's division of Twentieth Corps pushed Butler's cavalry at a run through Chesterfield and across the bridges of Thompson's Creek, saving the one on the Wadesborough road, excepting one post, which the enemy had time to cut. The other bridge, on the Cheraw road, was burned. The balance of the corps is pretty well strung out by reason of the roads. I don't know exactly where General Davis is, but will direct him on Sneedsborough; and would like you to report to me the nature of the roads, especially the one from Mount Croghan by Sinclair's. By the way, that is your true position, and you should get. a party over on the plank road on the line of Jones' Creek and cut-off any courier-line from Wadesborough. I think Hardee will try and escape toward Wadesborough, and in that event you will strike his flank anyhow; and I want you to let go everything and cut his column, reporting to me, that I may throw infantry across; but until I hear the exact state of matters at Cheraw will move the Right Wing on Cheraw and Left on Sneedsborough. I don't much care now what Beauregard does. He has no railroad now to circulate on and must foot it now, as we do, and he has not the trains that we have. Still he can move more rapidly than we. I want, of course, to get across Pedee and then will fight him where he pleases, and don't care for his Virginia reinforcements. We have to meet them some time, and now as well as later; only let me know in advance, as much as possible, the route or routes of which his infantry moves. His cavalry gives no clue on which I can judge. My belief, however, is that Beauregard is tied to a railroad, and that railroad will be from Charlotte to Danville. I have no doubt that Wilmington is, or soon will be, in our hands, and, moreover, that Schofield will or has made a lodgment on the Goldsborough road. A. mere strong picket of observation toward Monroe, to give General Davis notice of the approach of danger, will suffice. The bulk of your force should be north of Thompson's Creek, from Burch's up toward Jones' Creek. Reconnoitering parties should examine Pedee from Jones' Creek down, but do nothing to show a purpose to cross.
Yours, truly, W. T. SHERMAN, Major- General, Commanding.
p.682: HDQRS. SECOND DIVISION FOURTENTH ARMY CORPS,
Pedee River, S.C. March 4, 1865-7 p.m.
Lieut. Col A. C. McClurg, Asst. Adjt. Gen. And Chief of Staff, Fourteenth Army Corps: COLONEL: My division went into camp this 3.30 p.m. on the banks of the Pedee, on the right of the Twentieth Corps, just below Sneedsborough, by order of General Slocum, making a march of fifteen miles, the first five miles over bad roads, the last ten good.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, JAMES D. MORGAN, Brigadier-General.
p.682: HDQRS. CAV. COMMAND, MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
In the Field, March 4, 1865-7 a.m.
Maj. L.M. DAYTON:
MAJOR: I have the honor to report that General Hampton attacked me with his entire command at 4 p.m. yesterday near my headquarters, where Major Audenried found me. I was not in position, but was just leaving camp; however, such attack was repulsed, until I could mass my troops, when he again made a deliberate attack, and was finally repulsed about 7 p.m. last evening. I expected to fight this morning, but I find that the enemy has left my front, and I believe him to be moving for Wall's Ferry, via Wadesborough. General Baird's division encamped last night five miles from this point on road to Sneedsborough. General Carlin's division is now passing. I believe the entire country now in rear to be free of the enemy. I await your further orders.
Very respectfully, J. KILPATRICK, Brevet Major-General.
p.1278: CHARLOTTE, N. C., February 25, 1865-7 p. m.
Lieutenant General HAMPTON, Rock Hill Station, S. C.:
I have ordered a line of couriers from here to Cheraw via Monroe and Wadesborough. You might use them to communicate with General Hardee.
G. T. BEAUREGARD.
p.1317: HEADQUARTERS, March 8, 1865.
General J. E. JOHNSTON:
My Dear General: Your letter was received last evening, and I will inquire into the matters you speak about, letting you know the result of my investigations. The enemy are still moving toward Chesterfield. The Fourteenth Corps is following the three others, whose position was given to you by General Butler in his last dispatch. The cavalry is on the Landsford and Wadesborough road, and I propose to attack them as soon as Wheeler gets up. Can you not get the troops from Charlotte over to join Hardee? They might march rapidly on this road, which will be covered by the cavalry, and then join him. If all the infantry can be put together we can punish Sherman greatly, for his troops are much scattered. You gave me no orders as to reporting. so I have continued to report to General Beauregard.
I am, very truly, yours, WADE HAMPTON.
p.1324: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, March 4, 1865-8:25 p.m.
Col. J. WARREN GRIGSBY, Chief of Staff:
COLONEL: Major-General Wheeler desires you to take the wagons to some point north of the latitude of Wadesborough. It is reported the enemy are moving on Wadesborough and will be there with infantry to-morrow. We are just turning in direction of Wadesborough. Respectfully, colonel, your obedient servant, M.G. HUDSON, Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp.
p.1324: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, March 4, 1865-9:15 pm.
Col. J. W. GRIGSBY, Chief of Staff:
COLONEL: I wrote you a few minutes since to move with the trains to some point north of the latitude of Wadesborough. Major-General Wheeler now directs that you move with them to Lanesborough. After getting to that point you will move with the trains in a northeasterly direction, leaving Wadesborough to the right. Keep a lookout, and report any information you may hear of the enemy. You will organize the men so as to defend the train if attacked.
Respectfully, colonel, your obedient
servant, M.G. HUDSON, Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp.
p.1325: CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 5, 1865.
General Hampton reports from near White's Store at 9 p.m. yesterday that Fourteenth Corps is moving on Wadesborough, and Twentieth Corps on a road to its right. Prisoners say they expect to reach Wadesborough to-night.
G.T. BEAUREGARD. (Same to General R. E. Lee.)
p.1326-1327: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY, March 5, 1865-12.30 a.m.
Maj. Gen. J. WHEELER:
GENERAL: General Hampton directs me to say that he is at White's house about eight miles from Wadesborough. Law has gone into camp beyond here and will picket toward Wadesborough and will send out scouts to endeavor to locate the enemy. He is ordered to be ready to move at daylight. General Hampton desires you to close up everything on this road and camp wherever you can find forage. He is informed that there is a large quantity of corn at Mr. Scales', probably enough for your whole command. General Hampton desires you to be ready to move in at daylight in the morning. He desires to push into Wadesborough if possible, and wishes that you would endeavor to locate the enemy by a few good scouts.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, H. B. MCCLELLAN, Assistant Adjutant-General. Law will be in advance in the morning.
p.1327: HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, March 5, 1865.
Col. J. WARREN GRJGSBY, Chief of Staff:
COLONEL: Major-General Wheeler desires you to move, with the trains, to Lanesborough and then move in an easterly direction, leaving Wadesborough to right and cross Pedee River. We move toward Wadesborough and will try to keep between you and the enemy. You must keep out scouts so as not to run unawares on the enemy.
Respectfully, colonel, your obedient servant, M. G. HUDSON, Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp.
p.1330: CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 5, 1865-8 p. m.
Colonel CREWS, Commanding Cavalry Brigade:
(Care of General Stewart or Cheatham, Chesterville, S. C.)
Cross your command at Catawba railroad bridge, and move, via Monroe, to Rockingham or Fayetteville, avoiding Wadesborough, where enemy is reported to be, and report to General Hampton or Wheeler.
G. T. BEAUREGARD.
p.1335: BARBEE'S, March 6, 1865-10 a.m.
Colonel CHILDS, Fayetteville:
Send following and previous dispatches immediately to General Hardee:
Following dispatch just received, dated March 5, 1865-
"General Hampton reports from near White's Store, at 9 p.m. yesterday, that Fourteenth Corps is moving on Wadesborough, and Twentieth Corps on a road to its right. Prisoners say they expect to reach Wadesborough tonight. G. T. BEAUREGARD."
If the enemy move upon the North Carolina Railroad, do so too. If they move on Fayetteville, do so too, if practicable; if not, upon Raleigh, as previously instructed. J. B. JOHNSTON, General.
p.1336: CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 7, 1865-11.30 a. m.
General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON, Fayetteville, N. C.:
On evening of 5th Hampton was at Wadesborough, on way to form junction with Hardee by crossing Pedee at Grassy Island.
G. T. BEAUREGARD.
p.1347: CHARLOTTE, N. C., March 8, 1865-2 p.m.
General R. E. LEE, Richmond, Va.
General Hampton reports from Grassy Island Ford on 6th, at 4 p.m. Enemy all moved down river in direction of Sneedsborough and Cheraw. He met only small party cavalry north Wadesborough.
G. T. BEAUREGARD.
BOOK TITLE: THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES. SERIES 1 - VOLUME 47 (PART III) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.
p.575: HDQRS. FIRST DIVISION, TWENTY-THIRD ARMY CORPS,
Charlotte, N C., May 26, 1865.
Col. JOHN S. JONES, Commanding 174th Ohio Infantry, Wadesborough, N. C.:
SIR: The order (Special Orders, No. 81, from these headquarters) you were furnished directed that the magistrates selected should be Union men If you do not find twelve in a county who can be called Union men, still report the names of twelve. It would be well also to ascertain in that case the names of those not magistrates who would be proper persons. So soon as you have made the selection of magistrates report their names in full and places of residence. This will be first attended to, and then the organization of the police force of the counties. The animals which you find in the country, property which of right belongs to the Government, and which animals are surplus, you can loan out until fall, after the crops are secured, to be returned at Charlotte, or the then nearest military post, when called for. I send you copies of orders recently received.
By command of Brevet Major-General Ruger:
HENRY A. HALE, Assistant Adjutant- General.
Note: There may be other citations mentioning Anson County that I have not found yet.
Let me know if you find any and I'll include them here!
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By Julie Hampton Ganis
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