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CEDAR CREEK STONE RESTORATION

2005-2006

Copyright © 2005-2006 by Jean Leeper

All rights reserved

Background shows the back side of how the headstones were repaired in October 2006

During the summer of 2005 we hired a restoration group to come in and straighten our headstones and to find buried ones.

They would raise up the side(s) of the large headstones and place limestone under to level.

They also probed and witched and tried to find any buried headstones.

Most of the buried ones had no writing or just initials on them. I believe they found two with detailed writing.

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July 21, 2010 we dug this stone out of the ground.

Alva C Hickman

Alva C. Hickman, infant son of J. Q. & M. J. Hickman (do dates and hand carved)

In researching I found John Q. Hickman, son of Thomas and Nancy, married in Hardin County 26 Oct 1856 to Mary J. Carr.

They are back in Salem twp. Henry County in the 1860 and 1870 census. This must be an unrecorded son of theirs. John Q's sister Julia Ann did mary Jesse Hockett son of Edward so a link to the Quakers that way.

Menu for headstone pages at bottom of this web page.

         

There were many stones that were tipped and needed repair.

You can see some of them in this picture.

Flags show those to be worked on in the summer of 2005.

 

These were all dug out of ground in 2005. These stones appear to be hand cut or out of a river. They were found in rows spaced about three to four feet apart. Thus we believe that they some how marked a grave site. We did not know what to do with them so decided to try to mount in cement and place upright as we feared if mounted in cement poured in the ground the mower would soon break them. Some are not very thick. You will see one thin one has decided to fall off. Will need to try epoxy to see if it will stay on. I used acrylic additive in the cement to make it less porous.

Many of the stones we dug up had no writing on them or sometimes just an initial. But they were spaced about three to four feet apart so we believed they were used as headstones or else laid on top of the grave to mark the site.

Many early Quakers in North Carolina did not use headstones to mark their graves so I feel this idea may have come to Iowa with them. In Penn. they still require all headstones to be the same size. They believed that we are not superior to another person in life nor in death. Hope Winslow Stanley of North Carolina stated it this way "It was thought to be too worldly to have tombstones, with river stones/field stones all were equal." Marilyn Bigelow "It was not unusual for a person to have a simple fieldstone to mark the grave..." They were done that way in the Quaker cemetery near Pelham, MA.

"Funerals and burying grounds of the Friends were taken care of by a special committee. For a long time Quakers were generally opposed to any marker on a grave. Many of the older burying grounds in Indiana were merely field stones and some are unmarked. The burying grounds were usually kept fenced." from http://www.centertownship.org/quaker.html

Then you take the lack of money or availability of someone to make the headstones, thus they did what they were able to do to mark the graves.

The restoration group choose to replant the older stones that had fallen over so deep that some of the writing was buried. An example below. This was unacceptable to me so they placed wood on the back of about twenty of the headstones. By spring 2006 seventeen of those had become unglued and in October 2006 Richard and I epoxied blocks to the back of the old stones and replanted them in limestone. Pictures follow that relate to that project.

 

First is the one with about half of the writing buried. They redid with two pieces of wood attached to the back which came off.

The twenty year wood rotted off one of them in one year.

Second picture is what it looked like after we fixed the headstone in October 2006 and then chalked to read it.

The second picture reads Amon Hockett, son of J and S. J. Hockett, died 1st Mo. 13th 1865. Aged 1 Yr. 11. Mo. and 8 Ds.

What we did!

We purchased a special epoxy and we purchased some cement path pavers that were the half size, not the square size.

We epoxied this cement path paver to the back of the stone

and from the background picture you can see that about four to five inches of it appears above ground.

You can see some of the wood pieces that had been on the back. Richard is using one to measure for depth.

There are three stones here that have been glued and are ready to set.

Richard removing that last dirt form the hole or else packing down the limestone base.

We also added limestone around the side about one half way up and then filled with the old dirt.

Placing the headstone into the hole. I did not have my camera the day before when we were epoxing them. The one to the left has just been completed.

The material we used was mixed with the hardener on the job and had to set for twenty-four hours. I don't think the headstone is going anywhere now.

 

We will follow with pictures of the stones we repaired and replaced stones.

Repaired and Preserved Headstones and Fieldstone.

Page one of repaired headstones - nine

Page two of repaired headstones - eight

Page one stones with no writing or just initials and/or name - 7 with initial

Page two of stones with no writing or just initials - 11 blank stones

Page one early burials replacement stones Page two early burials replacement stones

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