Descendants of James LYLE and Hannah CRAWFORD
Descendants of James LYLE and Hannah CRAWFORD
From Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
To Hamilton County, Ohio; Jefferson County, Indiana; Meigs County, Ohio;
Wapello County, Iowa; Schuyler County, Illinois; Sullivan County, Missouri and beyond
No Lyle family members were famous; few of them remembered outside the family except grandson James O. Lyle in whose honor the Columbia River town of Lyle, Washington, was named. The men were farmers or artisans: carpenters, coopers and blacksmiths, the women were homemakers who worked hard and raised many children. Their story is a common one for the times and well illustrates the westward migration of Pennsylvanians across the United States, in the case of this family, always following a little behind the earliest pioneers.
James originated in Colonial Pennsylvania near Philadelphia, moved to central Pennsylvania along with a sister’s family and finally settled near McKeesport in the southwestern part of the state by 1810. His children began to move down the Ohio River in 1830 establishing homes by 1860 in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Missouri. A grandson even went to the California gold fields though he returned to Iowa for a time.
During the Civil War nine grandsons served in the Union Army. One was killed in battle, one died of wounds received while on guard duty, one died from illness contracted before a disability discharge and two suffered ill health the rest of their lives, one of them residing in soldiers’ homes. The Lyle recruits were far from average in height, ranging from five feet nine and one half inches to six feet two inches, in an army whose soldiers averaged only five feet six inches. Their sisters were probably also tall given the height of some of their husbands, one, Isaac W. Carden, a towering six foot three and one half inches, nearly as tall as Abraham Lincoln. The grandchildren continued the westward movement settling in Kansas, Nebraska, western and eastern Washington Territory and at last in southern California.
. James1 Lyle
was born between 1765 and 1775 in Pennsylvania; (see probable Ancestors of James Lyle
Hannah Crawford say 1795.2
He died by March 1839.3
His estate was probated beginning 14 March 1839 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, when James Lyle was appointed administrator of the estate of "James Lyle late of Elizabeth Township." 4
The family surname of Lyle, spelled Lysle for the branch that remained in Pennsylvania, can also be spelled Lile or Lisle and a number of other variations. Some indexes show the first letter as S, probably a misinterpretation of older handwriting. The main two spellings are used here unless citing a specific document.
|The Surname Lyle is an Anglo-Norman name corrupted in Scotland from the original "L'Isle" which probably dates to about 1150. In 1590 the family was listed under border clans in Berwick. In Ireland, Lyle family members still lived in Ulster in 1890 in County Antrim.5|
James and Hannah were born not long before the American Revolution and according to their children both were born in Pennsylvania, probably in the Philadelphia area.6 Their grandson, James O. Lyle, related that his father's people were of Scotch-Irish descent and among the colonial settlers of the Atlantic coast.7 They were likely similar to another Lyle family that migrated from eastern to western Pennsylvania around 1784 settling in Washington County. They were of Scots-Irish origin and Presbyterian faith.8
James Lisle may have appeared on the census of 4 August 1800 in Millford Township, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, as James Lisle in a household of three males under ten, one 26-44 and one female 26-44. I have no evidence placing this family in the middle of Pennsylvania instead of the Philadelphia area at this date, but this is the only Lyle/Lile/Lisle family in the state in the 1800 census that seems to fit.9 Mifflin County then comprised most of the current Mifflin and Juniata Counties with Milford Township in the latter.10 Just two households in Mifflin County were headed by Crawfords, James, on a page near James Lisle, and a Mary Crawford. Both families had older adults.11 If James Lisle in Mifflin County should prove to be this James Lyle, it is possible that a James Crawford could be his father-in-law. Because James Lyle's children all rather closely followed a traditional pattern in naming children, James and Hannah may have done so too. If Hannah's father was named James, it would imply that James Lyle's father was named John and perhaps a brother Charles while Hannah may have had a brother Samuel. Her son Samuel (1801-1886) has his tombstone inscribed Samuel C. Lyle, and could have been Samuel Crawford Lyle. This is only speculation now, but points to possible avenues of research.12 It is a hopeful line to follow as there was a John Lysle in Milford Township in the U.S. direct tax of 1798 who owned a dwelling valued at $20 on 409 acres valued at $1247.13
James Lyle moved west with his family in 1806 to Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.14 There he settled in Elizabeth Township, an area between the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers where river traffic was a major factor in local life and livelihood. It was then also possible to travel to New Orleans by private flatboat and return with profit from the sale of produce.15 He appeared on the census of 6 August 1810 in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as James Lisle with a household of three males under 10, three age 10-15 and one 26-44 plus one female under 10 and one 26-44.16 The township population then tallied 2,368 and the entire county, which includes Pittsburgh, had 25,317 inhabitants.17 He appeared on the census of 7 August 1820 in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania; as James Lile, the oldest male, 45 or over, plus one male 10-16, (one male 16-18 included in the next count), five males 16-26, one male 26-45 [unknown person], one female 10-16, one female 45 or over; six persons engaged in agriculture.18 He purchased from Andrew Boyd and his wife Sarah a parcel of land of 57 acres and eleven perches, part of the 288 acre warrant of 1787 by Nathaniel Boyd, deceased on 6 April 1830 in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.19 One of the witnesses to the deed was Samuel Crawford, probably a relative of James' wife.20 The name of the northern portion of Elizabeth Township where this land was located was changed to Lincoln Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, in 1869 when Elizabeth Township was divided into three townships.21 This is apparently his only land purchase even though he had lived in the county over 20 years implying he had rented land previously. With the fairly small amount of land and limited quantity of livestock owned at his death, James and his sons probably engaged in trades as well as farming. His son James is later listed as a ship carpenter and William as a blacksmith and his estate contained both carpenter's tools and shoe maker's tools. He appeared on the census of 1 June 1830 in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania; probably as the older male age 70-80 in the household of James Lyle, also including one male 30-40 and one female 15-20 who may be son Charles and his wife Sarah.22
Allegheny County townships as they existed in 1800 are shown above. Elizabeth Township remained the same until 1869 when it was divided into three townships with Lincoln the northern tip, Forward the southwestern portion and the eastern part keeping the name Elizabeth. The location of the land owned by James Lyle is shown by the red dot. Isaac Webb's land was farther north and John McCune's was along the bend of the Youghiogheny to the east.
On 16 March 1839 the belongings of his estate were inventoried and appraised by Andrew Boyd and James Morton at $215.35 of which $46.55 was cash and monies owed. A sale was held ten days later with many items sold to James, Samuel and Francis W. Lyle, the three sons remaining in Pennsylvania. The only livestock were one horse and one cow. There were household and personal items, a small trunk of slates and books, some farm equipment, flax, a spinning wheel, hay, grains both harvested and in the ground, clover seed, barrels, carpenter's tools and shoe maker tools. The sale realized $184.96 of which $18 was for the cow and $5 for the horse.23
One of the deeds selling his land after his death states: "[James Lyle] died intestate leaving issue Seven Children, to wit: - John, James, Charles, William, Samuel, and Francis W. Lyle, sons of the said James Lyle deceased, and Elizabeth the wife of John Hall above named, daughter of the said James Lyle, to whom the same by the Laws of Pennsylvania, relating to intestate Estates did descend and come." 24
was born between 1765 and 1775 in Pennsylvania.25
She probably died before 1830 in Pennsylvania; as she doesn't appear in that census.26
She probably appeared on the census of 6 August 1810 in the household of James Lisle in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as the female age twenty-six to forty-five.27
She probably appeared on the census of 7 August 1820 in the household of
James Lile in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as the female 45 or over.28
According to James O. Lyle, "Hannah (Croford) Lyle", his paternal grandmother, was related in some way to General Anthony Wayne.29
Children of James1
Lyle and Hannah Crawford were as follows:
2 i. John2 Lyle was born circa 1796 in Pennsylvania.30 He died on 16 August 1857 in Wapello County, Iowa.31 He was buried in Ashland Cemetery, Washington Township, Wapello County, Iowa; his marker reads "John Lyle, Died, Aug. 16, 1857" and reportedly also "aged 60y" but the stone may be sunken.32 His estate was probated in Wapello County, Iowa, from 1 September 1857 when Chas. Lyle was appointed administrator until the final report and discharge in 1864.33
He probably appeared on the census of 6 August 1810 in the household of James Lisle in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as one of three males age ten to fifteen.34 He probably appeared on the census of 7 August 1820 in the household of James Lile in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as one of the five males age 16 to 26 and the six engaged in agriculture.35 His name appeared on the census of 1 June 1830 in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania; he was probably the male 30-40, with three unidentified people: one male 40-50 [perhaps the male 26-45 of 1820?], one female 30-40, one female 40-50.36 Based on the 1830 census he might then have been married, but there is no evidence that he ever had children and at his death, his heirs were his siblings with several of whom he made his home over the years.
After 1830 John followed his brothers to Hamilton County, Ohio, beginning his part of the family migration. Still a resident of Hamilton County, Ohio, he paid $100 for 80 acres in Jefferson County, Indiana, (west half of the north east quarter of Section 14 of Township 3 North in Range 8 East) at the General Land Office at Jeffersonville, Indiana, on 10 September 1836.37 His purchase of 80 acres of public land was finalized, patent dated 1 August 1838 in Republican Township, Jefferson County, Indiana.38 Though he owned his own land, he probably appeared on the census of 1 June 1840 in the household of his brother William Lyle in Republican Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, as the male age 40-50.39 He sold his one seventh share of the land in Elizabeth Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, that he inherited from his late father James Lyle to Moses Lake for $120 on 12 January 1842 from Jefferson County, Indiana.40 He appeared on the census of 15 October 1850 in Graham Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, with his brother and nephews James Lyle, James Lyle Jr., David Lyle, and Wilson H. Lyle.41 John is listed as owner of the farm in Graham Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, that was recorded in 1850 with 30 of 80 acres developed at a value of $800 and $75 in farm equipment. Holdings and production for the year ending June 1, 1850 were 1 horse and 2 milk cows valued at $60; 80 bushels of wheat, 300 of Indian corn, 75 of oats and 2 tons of hay and no other production. This was a good deal less than the livestock and produce of many neighbors who produced wool, potatoes and butter, and is probably a sign of the likelihood of carpenter and other trade endeavors of John, his brother James and James' three boys plus the lack of females in the household.42
Gravestone of John Lyle
Supposedly it also read
"aged 60 years."
John left his brother James and nephews in Graham Township and ventured on to Wapello County, Iowa, where brother Charles now lived. He apparently lived with Charles for his last year as his estate was charged by Charles's estate for "washing from Aug. 1856 to Aug. 1857." 43 He purchased forty acres, the west half of the west half of the northeast quarter of Section 23, Township 71 N, Range 13 W, in Keokuk Township, Wapello County, Iowa, from James B. Tull for $550 on 28 January 1857.44 The land was inherited by his six siblings or their heirs and five of the shares were sold in 1865, 1867 and 1869.45 But the share of brother Francis Wayne was sold in 1883 for unpaid taxes, the owner listed as unknown.46 In 1857 he paid tax on his 40 acres valued at $280 and personal property valued at $140 in the amounts of a county tax of $1.05, state tax of 84 cents, school tax of 21 cents, ten cents for road tax on poll and personal property and 19 cents for road tax on real estate in Keokuk Township, Wapello County, Iowa.47 On 9 July 1859 John's estate settled with the estate of his brother Charles who had been the administrator until his death. $63.56 had been received from sales, $96.32 was owed Charles's estate, with the difference of $32.76 to be paid. The expenses paid were: $27 to grain stores, $11 for a coffin, $4.20 for burying clothes, 75 cents for the lumber for the coffin, $9 for the doctor bill, 45 cents for work on road, $6.80 notes owed, $3.77 for his account with Thomas Ping, 35 cents for the fees paid by Charles to obtain Letters of Administration, $2 for two days going to the county seat of Ottumwa, $25 for waiting on him while he was sick and for a year's laundry, a charge of $6.48
+ 3 ii. James Lyle was born on 12 December 1797 in Pennsylvania. He married Ann Hall, probably the daughter of John and Mary (Clayton) Hall, on 27 March 1832 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
+ 4 iii. Charles Lyle was born in 1799 in Pennsylvania. He married Sarah Johnson on 10 June 1830 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
+ 5 iv. Samuel C. Lyle was born on 22 December 1801 reportedly in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He married Rebecca Webb, daughter of Isaac and Jane (Kennedy) Webb, in 1826 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
+ 6 v. William Lyle was born on 7 December 1803 in Pennsylvania. He married first Matilda Ritchey, daughter of William and Jane (--?--) Ritchey, on 12 March 1829 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. He married second Hannah Kelley on 6 July 1858 in Schuyler County, Illinois.
+ 7 vi. Francis Wayne Lyle was born between 1804 and 1810 in Pennsylvania. He married Elizabeth McCune, daughter of John McCune Sr., before 1838.
+ 8 vii. Elizabeth Lyle was born on 26 May 1807 in Pennsylvania, the only girl in the family. She married John Hall, possibly the son of John and Mary (Clayton) Hall, circa 1828, probably in Pennsylvania where they were apparently a family in 1830.
Please beware: all the data is not verified and some is stated to be speculation!
All additions, corrections and family connections welcome.
There will be periodic updates.
© 2001-2009 Jean M. Hoffman, CGSM
Contact author Jean M. Hoffman via e-mail
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Created using The Master Genealogist for Windows, last updated 20 Apr 2009.
Descendants of James Lyle and Hannah Crawford