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Bernard Bachrach, in his book *Fulk Nerra*, 1993, has on p 100:
"Fulk's vigorous activities following his return from the Holy Land were
highlighted by his marriage to Hildegarde, an *illusta puella* from
Lorraine who was descended from royalty."
To this, he has a footnote on p 318: "*Cartul. du Ronceray*, no. 173,
provides the documentary evidence for Hildegarde's royal birth. The
veracity of this text is unchallenged: e.g., Halphen, *Le comte' d'Anjou*,
11, n. 1. Thus far, however, no one has been able to trace her immediate
family with any certitude. See the literature cited by Bachrach, "Origins
of Countess Gerberga," 14-15, n. 11."
The last part is evidently a reference to his article cited in his
bibliography, "Some Observations on the Origins of Countess Gerberga of
the Angevins: An Essay in the Application of the Tellenbach-Werner
Prosopographyical Method.", *Medieval Prosopography 7*, no. 2 (1986):
Bachrach says on p 100: "King Robert's diplomatic exchanges with the
Germans, of which the Meuse meeting is the best documented, are likely
to have prompted his interest in Hildegarde. More to the point, Fulk
needed a wife who could provide a male heir and his choice of a woman
from a prominent family in Lorraine might perhaps be seen to have had a
diplomatic and strategic purpose as well, which could be threatened by
Fulk's in-laws if the count of Blois chose to mount military operation
against the Angevin count in the west."
In the previous paragraph, Bachrach seems to be assuming without
question that Hildegarde is from Lorraine, although as he says in the
footnote, her "immediate family" hasn't been determined (as of 1993, to
the best of Bachrach's knowledge).
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