______________________ _______________________|______________________ _Duncan Abbot of Dunkeld_| | | ______________________ | |_______________________|______________________ _Crinan Abbot of Dunkeld____| | | ______________________ | | _______________________|______________________ | |_________________________| | | ______________________ | |_______________________|______________________ _Duncan I K of Scots____| | | _Malcolm I K of Scots_ | | _Kenneth II K of Scots_|______________________ | | _Malcolm II K of Scots___| | | | | ______________________ | | | |_______________________|______________________ | |_Bethoc of Scotland_________| | | ______________________ | | _______________________|______________________ | |_Aelgifu ________________| | | ______________________ | |_______________________|______________________ | |--Malcolm III K of Scots | | ______________________ | _______________________|______________________ | _________________________| | | | ______________________ | | |_______________________|______________________ | _Siward E of Northumberland_| | | | ______________________ | | | _______________________|______________________ | | |_________________________| | | | ______________________ | | |_______________________|______________________ |_Sibylla of Northumbria_| | ______________________ | _______________________|______________________ | _________________________| | | | ______________________ | | |_______________________|______________________ |____________________________| | ______________________ | _______________________|______________________ |_________________________| | ______________________ |_______________________|______________________
The following is taken from an Internet posting of Michael R. Davidson of
Edinburgh. Scotland, on 23 Oct 1995:
Malcolm Canmore (literally Malcolm 'big head', perhaps Malcolm 'great
leader' captures the essence) (Mael Coluim Ceann Moir mac Donnchad)
Before talking about Malcolm, I must again write a word about Macbeth.
Macbeth, in actuality, had a legitimate claim to the kingship, and appears
to have been a competent and well liked king as well. Contemporary
sources noted that Scotland was prosperous during his reign, and a
contemporary chronicler noted that Macbeth 'scattered money
like seed among the poor' during his pilgrimage to Rome in 1050.
To turn to Malcolm, his first attempt to gain the kingship came in
1054, when he invaded Scotland with an English army and fought a battle
on 27 July. It was not a decisive battle for either side; higher Scottish
losses were reported, but Earl Siward's son was killed, and Macbeth
remained king. Macbeth does, however, appear to have been seriously
weakened by the battle. In 1057, Malcolm made his second attempt on
the throne. He was defeated by Macbeth on 15 August 1057, but Macbeth
was mortally wounded, and died the next day. Macbeth was succeeded by
another member of the Cenel Loairn, Lulach son of Gillacomgain. Lulach
proved to be less stern opposition, and Malcolm defeated and killed him
on 17 March 1058, and took the kingship.
Malcolm soon turned on his English allies, and invaded Northumbria in
1061. Another invasion in 1070 was not well received by William the
Conqueror, who invaded Scotland in 1072, and forced Malcolm to give up
his son Duncan as a hostage. Malcolm successfully dealt with internal
opposition in 1077, when he defeated an attempt by Lulach's son
Maelsnetchai to seize the kingship. A raid on England in 1079 was
defeated, but a successful raid in 1091 set off the chain of events which
lead to Malcolm's death. William Rufus refused to respond to overtures
from Malcolm in 1093, and Malcolm invaded England for the last time.
During the siege of Alnwick Castle in Northumbria, Malcolm was
ambushed and killed along with his son Edward on 13 November 1093. He
was succeeded by his brother Donald Ban.
(By Ingibiorg, daughter or wife of Thorfinn, Early of Orkney)
2. Duncan II, king of Scots briefly in 1094, when he defeated Donald
Ban, but was soon, in turn defeated and killed by Donald Ban.
3. Donald, d. 1085.
4. A daughter
(By St. Margaret, daughter of Edward the Exile of the house of Wessex,
and Agatha of Hungary)
5. Edith (Matilda) married Henry I, king of England, and is the ancestor
of later kings of England.
6. Mary, d. 1116.
7. Edward, killed 1093.
8. Edgar, king of Scots 1097-1107.
9. Edmund, joint king of Scots with Donald Ban from 1094-97.
11. Alexander, king of Scots 1107-24.
12. David, king of Scots 1124-53, and the ancestor of all later kings
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