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de Clare Family

The de Clare family

Generations 1 through 12 below are as given in MC and Scots Peerage [denoted SP] (Bruce, Earl of Carrick; MacDonald, Lord of the Isles; Sinclair, Earl of Orkney; and Sinclair, Earl of Caithness).

Descendants of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare

1 Richard FitzGilbert de Clare b: 1035 in Beinfaite, Normandy, France d: 1090 in England md Rohese Giffard b: Abt 1034 in Longueville, Normandy, France m: Abt 1054 in England d: Bef 1090. The wife of Richard FitzGilbert DE CLARE (1035 - 1090), Rohese GIFFARD, she was the daughter of Walter GIFFARD

Son

***2 Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare b: 1065 in Clare, Suffolk, England d: 1117 in England md Adeliza Alice de Clermont b: 1058 in Nhants, England m: 1076-1115 The wife of Gilbert FitzRichard DE CLARE (c1066-1117), Alice DE CLAREMONT, she was the daughter of Hugh DE CLAREMONT. GILBERT de CLARE (67)., M Adelize, d. of Henry, Count of Clermont, & his wife Margaret, d. of Hildouin III, Count of Montdidier . Died 1115. He had issue: Weis, pp 157, 208 & 212. CP III, p 242

*** This is were the de Clare family through the Clermont family links to Charlemagne.

Son

3 Richard de Clare b: Abt 1090 in Hertford, Hertford, England d: April 15, 1136 in Slain near Abergavenny, Wales md Adeliza de Meschines b: 1088-1094 in Hertford, England. The wife of Richard FitzGilbert DE CLARE, Adeliz - no further information on her ancestry. RICHARD de CLARE, LORD of CLARE ., He is supposed by some authorities to have been created Earl of Hertford, however their appears to be no ground for this belief. M Adeliza, d. of Ranulf le Meschin, 1st Earl of Chester (See CHESTER). Died 15 April 1136. He had issue: Weis, pp 117 & 212 CP VI, p 498

son

4 Roger de Clare b: 1116 in Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England d: 1173 in Oxon, Oxfordshire, England md Maud St. Hilary b: 1132 in Buckenham, Dalling, Norfolk, England d: December 24, 1193 in Norfolk, England. The wife of Roger DE CLARE (Aft 1115 - 1173) Maud DE ST HILARY - no further information on her ancestry. ROGER de CLARE, 1st EARL of HERTFORD (16)., In 1157 & in the following years he was engaged against Rhys ap Gruffyd & in 1164 took part in the Constitutions of Clarendon. M Maud (she M 2nd William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel), d. of James de St. Hilary. Died 1173. He had issue: CP, VI, pp 499-501 Foss, p 166

son

5 Richard de Clare, Earl of Clare b: 1162 in Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England d: December 30, 1218 md Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester b: 1160 in Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England d: January 01, 1224/25 RICHARD de CLARE, 2nd EARL of HERTFORD (12)., M Amice (Died 1 Jan.1224/5), d. of William, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, & his wife Hawise de Beaumont (See ENGLAND). He was present at the coronation of Richard I,1189. Sided with the barons against King John, & played a leading part in the negotiations for the Magna Carta & was one of the twenty-five sureties,1215. As a consequence he lost his lands & was excommunicated by the Pope. Died 1217. He had issue: CP, III, p 244 & VI, pp 501-3 Weis, p 67 Leese, p 374. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, Surety of the Magna Carta, d. before 28 Nov 1217; m. Amicia, heiress of Gloucester, daughter of William fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester (d. 23 Nov 1183) and Amicia de Beaumont Richard de CLARE 6th Earl of Clare was born in 1162 in Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England. He died on 30 Dec 1218. He was married to Amice FITZWILLIAM Countess of Gloucester about 1180. Amice FITZWILLIAM Countess of Gloucester was born in 1160 in Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England. She died on 1 Jan 1224/25. Richard was also 3rd Earl of Hertford. He and Amice were divorced before 1200.

son

6 Gilbert de Clare 5th Earl of Hertford, Surety b: 1180 d: October 25, 1230 in Penros, Brittany md Isabel Marshall b: Abt 1203 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales m:October 09, 1214 in Tewkesbury Abbey d: January 16, 1239/40 in Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, England. Gilbert de CLARE 1st Earl of Gloucester was born about 1180. He died on 25 Oct 1230 in Penros, Brittany. He was married to Isabella MARSHAL on 9 Oct 1214 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucester. A typo on the marriage so it could be 9 Oct 1217 GILBERT de CLARE, 3rd EARL of HERTFORD & 1st EARL of GLOUCESTER (6)., Born c. 1180. M 9 Oct. 1217 Isabel (Isabel de CLARE Countess Strigoil was born about 1174. She died in 1220). Isabel died in Pembroke, Wales. ), d. of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke, & his wife Isabel de Clare . He was one of the twenty-five Barons who acted as sureties of the Magna Carta, June 1215. For his defiance of King John the Pope excommunicated him, Dec. 1216. He fought on the side of Prince Louis of France on his invasion of England, at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217, & was taken prisoner by William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke. He sided with Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry III, against the King in 1227. Died 25 Oct. 1230. He had issue: CP III, p 244, V, pp 694-6 & VI, p 503 Weis, p 67 Leese, p 374. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, Surety of the Magna Carta, d. 23 Nov 1230; m. Isabel le Marshal, daughter of William le Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Regent of England 1216-1219 (d. 14 May 1219) and Isabel de Clare, heiress of earldom of Pembroke

Daughter

4 Isabel de Clare b: November 02, 1226 md Robert Bruce, Lord of Annadale b: 1210 m: May 1240. Robert, Earl of Carrick. He was dead by 3 May 1294. His first wife, whom he had married in or before 1240, was ISOBEL (born 1226, still living 1264), second daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 1st. Earl of Gloucester and Hertford.> Son Robert (2) Bruce, Lord of Annadale md Margaret > Son Robert I 'the Bruce', King of Scotland md +Isabel Mar > Daughter Marjory Bruce md +Walter Stewart > Son Robert II, King of Scotland. Isabel de Clare, m. Robert de Bruce, lord of Annandale, competitor for the Scottish crown (d. 1294), son of Robert de Bruce and Isabel of Huntingdon

Click here for the Bruce page

Click here for theBruce

In their book "American Ancestors and Cousins of The Princess of Wales" (1984), they list Adeliza's ancestry as follows:

1) Hugh Capet, King of France,d.996= Adelaide of Poitou

2) Edith of France=Rainir IV, Count of Hainault

3) Beatrix of Hainault=1)Ebles I, Count of Roucy

4) Alice of Roucy= Hiloun IV, Count of Montdidier

5) Margaret of Montdidier= Hugh I, Count of Clermont

6) Adeliza of Clermont= Gilbert de Clare

WFT

Direct Descendants of Hugh De Clare, 2D Count Of Clermont...

1 Hugh De Clare, 2D Count Of Clermont... +Marguerita

2 Adeliza (Adelaide) De Clare +Gilbert Fitz Richard

3 Richard Fitz Gilbert De Clare d: April 15, 1135 +Adeliza De Guernons

4 Roger De Clare, Earl Of Hertford d: 1173 +Maud De St. Hilary

5 Richard De Clare, 6Th Earl Of Clare d: Abt November 28, 1217 +Amice, Countess Of Gloucester d: January 01, 1224/25

6 Maud De Clare

This Richard and Amicia were parents of Gilbert de Clare [b. ca. 1185], father of the Richard de Clare who married Maud de Lacy, daughter of John de Lacy [b. ca. 1192], son of Maud "de Clere."

The Stories about the de Clare family.

From "A Baronial Family In Medieval England: The Clares, 1217-1314", by Michael Altschul, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1965

Roger's son Richard, hereinafter Richard de CLARE acquired half of the former honor of Giffard in 1189 when King Richard I, in need of money for the Third Crusade, agreed to divide the Giffard estates between Richard de CLARE and his cousin Isabel, Strongbow's dau. based on their claims to be a descendant of Rohese Giffard. Richard de CLARE obtained Long Crendon in Buckingham, the caput of the Giffard honor in England, associated manors in Buckingham, Cambridge, and Bedfordshire, and 43 knights' fees, in addition to some former Giffard lands in Normandy. When Richard de Clares mother Maud d. in 1195, he obtained the honor of St. Hilary. Maud's 2nd husband, William de Aubigny, earl of Arundel, who had held St. Hilary jure uxoris, d. in 1193, and despite the fact he had a son and heir, the honor reverted to Maud and after her death escheated to the crown. Richard de CLARE offered 360 and acquired it. The honor later became absorbed into the honor of CLARE and lost its separate identity. Richard de Clares most important act, however, was his m. to Amicia, 2nd dau. And eventual sole heir to William earl of Gloucester. The Gloucester inheritance included the earldom and honor of Gloucester with over 260 knights' fees in England, along with the important marcher lordships of Glamorgan and Gwynllwg.

William d. 1183, leaving 3 daughters. The eldest, Mabel, m. Amaury de Montfort, count of Evreux, while the second, Amicia m. Richard de CLARE. King Henry II meanwhile arranged the m. of the youngest Isabel, to his son John, count of Mortain, in 1189. When John became King in 1199, he divorced Isabel to m. Isabelle of Angoulme, but, he kept the 1st Isabel in his custody. Then in 1200, John created Mabel's son Amaury earl of Gloucester. In addition, Richard de CLARE and his son Gilbert were given a few estates and 10 fees of the honor of Gloucester of Kent; otherwise, John kept the bulk of the honor, with the great lordships of Glamorgan and Gwynllwg. Mabel's son Amaury d. without issue in 1213 Shortly thereafter, John gave the 1st Isabel in marriage to Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, who was also created earl of Gloucester. When Geoffrey died, the inheritance was assigned to Hubert de Burgh, the justiciar. Hubert m. Countess Isabel shortly before her death in Oct. 1217, however, he did not retain the estates, since they passed to Amicia, now recognized as countess of Gloucestire, and her husband Richard de CLARE, despite the fact Richard and Amicia had been separated since 1200.

Richard outlived Isabel by several weeks and by 28 Nov 1217, he was dead, leaving:

Gilbert, aged 38, as the sole heir to the Clare and Gloucester estates and title. Gilbert de CLARE assumed the title of earl of Gloucester and Hertford and was charged 350 relief for the honors of Clare, Glocester, St. Hilary and his half of the old Giffard barony. He controlled some 456 knights fees, far more than any other, and it did not include some 50 fees in Glamorgan and Gwynllwg.

By a remarkable series of fortuitous marriages and quick deaths, the Clares were left in 1217 in possession of an inheritance which in terms of social prestige, potential revenues, knights' fees, and a lasting position of great importance among the marcher lords of Wales.

They were probably the most successful family in developing their lands and power during the 12th century and in many ways the most powerful noble family in 13th century England. By 1317, however, the male line of Clares became extinct and the inheritance was partitioned. Between 1217 and 1317 there were four Clare generations. Gilbert de CLARE, b. abt 1180 had a brother Richard/Roger and a sister Matilda. Richard accompanied Henry III's brother, Richard of Cornwall, to Gascony in 1225-26 and was never heard from again. Matilda was married to William de Braose (d. 1210 when he and his mother were starved to death by King John), eldest son of the great marcher baron William de Braose (d. 1211), lord of Brecknock, Abergavenny, Builth, Radnor, and Gower, who was exiled by King John. Matilda returned to her father and later (1219)sued Reginald de Braose, second son of William, for the family lands, succeeding only in recovering Gower and the Sussex baronry of Bramber.

Gilbert de CLARE, earl of Gloucester and Hertford from 1217 to 1230, m. Oct. 1214 his cousin Isabel, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William Marshal (d 1219), earl of Pembroke. Gilbert and Isabel had three sons and two daughters, with the eldest son and heir Richard, b. 4 Aug 1222, thus only 8 when his father died. In 1243, Richard de CLARE came of age and assumed the estates and titles of his father until he d. 15 July 1262. His brother William, b. 1228 held lands of Earl Richard in Hampshire and Norfolk for the service of a knight's fee. In June 1258, during a baronial reform program, William was granted custody of Winchester castle. A month later he died, reportedly by poison administered by the Earl Richard's seneschal (An official in a medieval noble household in charge of domestic arrangements and the administration of servants; a steward or major-domo. Middle English, from Old French, of Germanic origin), Walter de Scoteny, in supposed collaboration with Henry III's Poitevin half-brothers, who strongly opposed the baronial program and Earl Richard's participation in it. (Why didn't they poison Richard??)

Earl Gilbert's daughters were very well placed. Amicia, b. 1220, was betrothed (promised to be given in marriage) in 1226 to Baldwin de Reviers, grandson and heir to William de Reviers, earl of Devon (d 1217). Baldwin was only a year or two older than Amicia and Earl Gilbert offered 2,000 marks to the King for the marriage and custody of some Reviers estates during Baldwin's minority. The marriage must have been consummated around 1235, since Baldwin's son and heir (Baldwin) was b. the next year. After Baldwin d. in 1245, Amicia (d 1283) controlled the lands of her son (d. 1262) and was given permission to marry a minor English baron, Robert de Guines/Gynes, uncle of Arnold III, Count of Guines.

Earl Gilbert's other daughter, Isabel b. 1226, m. 1240 the Scots baron Robert Bruce, lord of Annandale (d 1295), and by him was the grandmother of the hero of Bannockburn. Her marriage was probably arranged by her mother Isabel and uncle, Gilbert Marshal who gave her the Sussex manor of Ripe as a marriage portion. Isabel Marshal outlived Earl Gilbert de CLARE by ten years, during which time she was busy. In 1231 she m. Richard of Cornwall, to the displeasure of Richard's brother King Henry III, who was trying to arrange another match for Richard. She d 1240, after 4 children by Richard, only one of which lived past infancy. According to the Tewkesbury chronicle, she wished to be buried next to her 1st husband, but Richard of Cornwall had her buried at Beaulieu Abbey in Hampshire, although as a pious gesture he allowed her heart to be sent to Tewkesbury.

From "A Baronial Family In Medieval England: The Clares, 1217-1314", by Michael Altschul, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1965

With the next generation, the Clare family reached the height of its prominence in the 13th century. Earl Richard de Clare was married twice; first, secretly in 1232 to Meggotta, daughter of the justices Hubert de Burgh, Richard's custodian during his minority; secondly, in 1237 to Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln. No issue by the 1st, but three sons and four daughters by 2nd. Gilbert "The Red", eldest and heir, b: 9/2/1243, was undoubtedly the most powerful magnate of the realm, in the later years under Henry III and Edward I, until his death on 12/7/1295. The 2nd son, Thomas (ca1245-1287) was a close friend of Edward I and one of the most important members of the lesser baronage in his reign. He conquered the lordship of Thomond (modern county Clare) and had 2 legitimate sons, Gilbert (d.1308) and Richard (d. 1318), a bastard son Master Richard (d. 1338), and 2 daughters, Maud who married Robert de Clifford of Westmoreland (d. 1314) and 2nd Robert de Welle, and Margaret who married Gilbert de Umphraville (d. 1307), and 2nd Bartholomew de Badlesmere (d. 1322). The 3rd son, Bogo, had a very colorful ecclesiastical career, and by his death in 1294 had made himself the most successful and notorious pluralist in the English Church. Earl Richard's daughters, except for Eglentia who died as an infant in 1257, married well. The eldest, Isabel (b. 1240) married 6/1258 William, marquis de Montferrat as a result of Earl Richard paying the marquis 4,00 marks and giving him the choice of daughters. Isabel's sisters were less than 8 at the time so the choice must have been easy! The 2nd, Margaret, b: 1250, married, probably by arrangement with her mother Maud and brothers Bogo and Earl Gilbert, Edmund, son and heir of Richard of Cornwall by his 2nd marriage. Not a happy marriage, as Edmund leaves her in 1289 and the marriage is annulled in 1294. When Edmund died in 1300, Margaret was assigned dower by Edward I and lived in seclusion until her death in 1312. The 3rd daughter, Rohese, b: 1252, m: 1270 a member of the lesser baronage, Roger de Mowbray, lord of the Yorkshire barony of Thirsk.

The book by Michael Altschul called *A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares, 1217-1314*, Baltimore MD, 1965,

Noted the following: concerning Richard de CLARE, b Aug 1222 d Jul 1262, about which I have a couple of questions. In the fall of 1232, Hubert de BURGH's wife, Margaret of Scotland, secretly arranged for the marriage of her daughter Megotta (or Margaret) by Hubert to Richard de CLARE. Both Richard and Megotta were about ten years old at the time. The marriage was apparently never consummated (p 61-62). Megotta de CLARE (nee de BURGH) died in November 1237 (p 62), at about 15 years of age. Under the auspices of King HENRY III, negotiations for a second marriage for Richard de CLARE had begun even before Megotta died, and in January of 1238, Richard married Maud de LACY. Question 1. Was Megotta poisoned, or otherwise murdered?

This Richard de CLARE died in July of 1262, about a month before his 40th birthday. According to Altschul, there were rumors that he was poisoned (p 92). Altschul's source for this is "e.g., Dunstable, p 219", i.e. the *Annales Prioratus de Dunstaplia* ed H R Luard, vol III of the *Annales Monastici*, vol. IV, Rolls Series XXXVI, 1866. However, Altschul conjectures that these chronicles probably confused the earl's natural death with a poison plot of 1258 directed at him and his brother William, alleged by Matthew Paris (its authenticity is doubted by Altschul, p 83). Question 2. Is anything more known about Hubert's death? For example, could he have been poisoned by Simon de Montfort or some of his allies? These would seem to be the most likely candidates, since Richard had supported the rebellious barons in the summer of 1258, but by 1259 had switched his allegiance back to King HENRY III (p 82-83, 87).

Just to keep the players straight: in the story below:

Richard I, duke of Normandy d. 996 --- Godfrey of Brionne and Eu d. ca 1015

Gilbert, count of Brionne d. 1040 --- -Richard fitz Gilbert (1035-1090)=Rohese de Giffard

Roger d.s.p. 1130 ---Gilbert fitz Richard I(ca1066-1117)=Adeliz d/o Hugh Claremont

Walter d.s.p. 1138 ---- Richard abbot of Ely 1100 --- Robert d. 1136

Adelize=Walter Tirel ---- Rohese=Eudo Dapifer ----Baldwin fitz Gilbert d. 1095

William d.s.p. 1096 ------Robert d.s.p. 1101 -------Richard d.s.p. 1137

---------------------------------------------

While Gilbert fitz Richard I found himself at odds with the Conqueror's successor, William Rufus, he and other members of the family enjoyed great favor with Rufus' successor King Henry I. Some have suggested that Henry's largesse was due to the fact that Walter Tirel, husband of Richard's daughter Adelize, shot the arrow which slew Rufus. Proof of this is lacking, but with certainty the wealth and position of the Clare family increased rapidly during Henry's reign. One of Rohese Giffards brothers (Walter) was made earl of Buckingham and another bishop of Winchester. Gilbert fitz Richard's brothers were also rewarded: Richard, a monk at Bec, was made abbot of Ely in 1100; Robert was granted the forfeited manors of Ralph Baynard in East Anglia; Walter, who founded Tintern Abbey in 1131, was given the great lordship of Netherwent with the castle of Striguil in the southern march, territories previously held by Roger, son of William fitz Osborn, earl of Hereford, who had forfeited them in 1075. In 1110 Gilbert was granted the lordship of Ceredigion (Cardigan) in southwestern Wales, and immediately embarked upon an intensive campaign to subjugate the area.

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Gilbert fitz Richard I(ca1066-1117)=Adeliz d/o Hugh Claremont

Richard fitz Gilbert II (ante 1100-1136)=Adelize de Chester

Gilbert b. 1100------Baldwin d. 1154----Hervey---------Walter

Margaret=William de Montifichet ------Alice=Aubrey de Vere

Rohese=Baderon de Monmouth

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After Gilbert fitz Richard I died in 1117, his children continued to profit from royal generosity and favorable connections. His daughters were all married to important barons; William de Montfichet, lord of Stansted in Essex, the marcher lord Baderon de Monmouth, and Aubrey de Vere, lord of Hedingham in Essex and father of the first Vere earl of Oxford. Of the five sons, little is known of two: Hervey, whom King Stephen sent on an expedition to Cardigan abt 1140, and Walter, who participated in the Second Crusade of 1147. Baldwin established himself as an important member of the lesser baronage by obtaining the Lincolnshire barony of Bourne through marriage. Richard fitz Gilbert II, the eldest and heir, was allowed to marry Adeliz, sister of Ranulf des Gernons, earl of Chester, thus acquiring lands in Lincoln and Northampton as her marriage portion. He tried to consolidate the gains made by his father in Cardigan, but was killed in an ambush in 1136 and the lordship was soon recovered by the Welsh.

Of Gilbert fitz Richard I' sons, Gilbert was the only one to achieve any great prominence, being the founder of the great cadet branch of the family and the father of one of the most famous men in English history. Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare was high in the favor of Henry I, perhaps because his wife Isabell, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan and earl of Leicester, was one of Henry's favorite mistresses. When Gilbert's uncle Roger died without heirs, Henry granted Gilbert the lordships of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy. When another uncle, Walter, lord of Netherwent in South Wales, died without issue in 1138, King Richard? gave Gilbert this lordship in addition to the lordship of Pembroke, which had been forfeited by Arnulf of Montgomery in 1102. Gilbert was also created earl of Pembroke in 1138. At his death in 1148, he was succeeded by his son Richard fitz Gilbert, aka "Strongbow" who led the Norman invasion of Ireland and obtained the great lordship of Leinster in 1171.

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Look at the bottom for the de Clare link.

1 [1] Charlemagne 742 - 814/15 his

*2nd Wife of [1] Charlemagne: and

*3rd Wife of [1] Charlemagne: .wife Hildegarde Of Swabia 757 - 783

2 Pepin (Carloman) 773 - 810 wife Bertha Of Toulouse ...

3 Bernhard 797 - 818 wife Cunigunde WFT Est. Bef. 777 - Abt. 835 .......

4 Pepin Abt. 815 - Aft. 840

5 Herbert I Abt. 840 - Abt. 902 wife Beatrice De Morvois WFT Est. Bef. 838 - WFT Est. Bef. 888

6 Beatrix De Vermandois WFT Est. Bef. 861 - WFT Est. Bef. 896 husband Robert I King Of France 865 - 923 .

7 [72] Hugh Magnus Count Of Paris Abt. 895 - 956 wife [71] Hedwig Of Saxony WFT Est. Bef. 897 - 965

8 [73] Hugh Capet King Of France Abt. 939 - 996 wife [74] Adelaide of Poitou 945 - 1004

9 [60] Adwige Abt. 972 - Aft. 1013 husband [59] Regnier IV Count Of Hainault Abt. 950 - Abt. 1013

10 [61] Beatrix Abt. 998 - WFT Est. Bef. 1016 husband [62] Ebles I Abt. 994 - 1033

11 [63] Alice De Roucy Abt. 1014 - 1063 husband [64] H. Montdidier Abt. 1021 - 1063

12 [65] Margaret De Roucy 1035 - WFT Est. Bef. 1076 husband [66] Hugh De Claremont 1030 - 1101

*****13 [2] Alice de Claremont Abt. 1058 - WFT Est. Bef. 1082 *2nd Husband of [2] Alice de Claremont: [67] Gilbert FitzRichard De Clare Abt. 1066 - 1117

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