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Sillick

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My great grandfather Joseph (click on thumbnail to see photo) was born on 25 July 1847
in Calstock, Cornwall the son of William and Elizabeth Sillick.  Elizabeth the daughter of Robert Colwill married William at the parish church in Marystow,  Devon on 23 April 1838.   Both signed the register using a mark.  William's father is given as James Sillick, labourer, while Elizabeth's father is given as Robert Colwill, also a labourer. Joe, as he was known, was one of seven recorded children of William & Elizabeth.

The surname Sillick has been variously recorded as Sellick, Selleck and Sillick. The 1841 census shows William and Elizabeth living in Calstock Town with their two eldest children, daughters Hannah  and Mary.
 

1841 Census

Address Forename Surname Relationship Age Sex Cty Born Year Born
Calstock Town William Sellick Head 20 M CON 1821
Calstock Town Elizabeth Sellick Wife 20 F Not in Cty 1821
Calstock Town Hannah Sellick Dau 2 F Not in Cty 1839
Calstock Town Mary Sellick Dau 6m F CON 1840

The 1851 census shows William & Elizabeth still living in Calstock Town. Daughter Thomazine was visiting her grandmother Jennie (Jane) Sellick along with her cousin Mary Ann daughter of John Bailey Sellick.  Their daughter Hannah aged 12 was working as a house servant in Calstock.

1851 Census
Address Forename Surname Relationship Age Sex Occupation Where Born Cty
Calstock Town William Sellick Hd 32 M Quay Porter Calstock CON
Calstock Town Elizabeth Sellick Wife 34 F Plymouth DEV
Calstock Town Mary A Sellick Dau 10 F   Calstock CON
Calstock Town Joseph J Sellick Son 3 M   Calstock CON
Calstock Town William Sellick Son 9 mths M   Calstock CON
 
Calstock Town Jenny Sellick Head 70 F Pauper North Tamerton CON
Calstock Town John Smale Lodger 66 M Ag Labourer Sheepwash DEV
Calstock Town Thomazin Sellick Visitor 6 F   Calstock CON
Calstock Town Mary A Sellick VR 16 F Tin Dresser Calstock CON

By 1861 the family had increased to include Elizabeth (7) and Serena (3). The older children, Thomasine, Mary Ann, Joe and William were all working in the local mine at Calstock. Their father William was working on the docks as a quay labourer. 

Hannah Sillick had married in 1858  a widower, Basil James Woodd and was living in Hasland, Derbyshire in 1861.

1861 Census

Address Forename Surname Relationship Age Sex Occupation Where Born Cty
Calstock Town William Sellick Hd 42 M Quay Porter Calstock CON
Calstock Town Elizabeth Sellick Wife 44 F   Plymouth DEV
Calstock Town Mary A Sellick Dau 20 F Working at Mine Calstock CON
Calstock Town Thomasin S Sellick Daughter 18 F Working at Mine Calstock CON
Calstock Town Joseph J Sellick Son 13 M Working at Mine Calstock CON
Calstock Town William Sellick Son 10 M Working at Mine Calstock CON
Calstock Town Elizabeth E Sellick Daughter 7 F   Calstock CON
Calstock Town Serena S Sellick Daughter 3 F   Calstock CON

Mining was widespread in Cornwall and there were many mines throughout the county. In the  19th century mining reached its peak, before foreign competition depressed the price of copper and later tin, to a level that made Cornish ore unprofitable. The Cornish Pastie was used originally by the miners as their food underground.  It was easy to carry, and could have savoury in one end and sweet in the other.

The family moved to the coalmining town of Cramlington in Northumberland in 1865. They were part of a group of miners from Cornwall called in to replace miners in Cramlington who had gone on strike in protest at their working conditions. (for further details see http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~allpoms/neengland1.htm).

1871 Census
Town Address Forename Surname Relation Age Sex Occupation Where Born County Born
Cramlington New Stone Row William Sillick Head 52 M Miner Calstock CON
Elizabeth Sillick Wife 53 F Calstock CON
Joseph J Sillick Son 24 M Miner Calstock CON
William Sillick Son 20 M Miner Calstock CON
E. Emily  Sillick Dau 18 F Calstock CON
Sibella Sillick Dau 14 F Calstock CON
John Henry Sillick Son 4 M Calstock CON

John Henry Sillick although recorded as the son of William was in fact the son of his daughter Thomasine.
Thomasine married James Warrick on 11 April 1868 in Tynemouth and was also living in Cramlington when the 1871 census was held.

1881 Census
Town Address Forename Surname Relation Age Marital Status Sex Occupation Where Born County Born
Cramlington 16 New Stone Row William Sillick Head 62 Widower M Stoneminer (Iron) Calstock CON
Sibbella Sillick Daughter 23 S F   Calstock CON
John Henry Sillick Grandson 14 S M Coal Driver Tavistock CON
Elizabeth Sillick Granddaughter 3   F   Cramlington NOR

By 1881 William is now a widower, his wife Elizabeth having died in 1872 at the age of 55. William, Elizabeth and Joseph have all left home.
John Henry is recorded as his grandson and there is a new addition to the family in granddaughter Elizabeth.  Elizabeth was the daughter of Sibbella.

Joe Sillick had emigrated to New Zealand, arriving in Auckland aboard the Baron Aberdare in March 1875. His name is recorded in the 1881 Electoral Rolls
for the Bay of Islands. 

In New Zealand Joe worked as a miner in Kawakawa where coalmining was the chief industry of the town.  

After his marriage to Jane Little on 11 November 1885 at the Wesleyan Parsonage in Pitt Street, Auckland, they returned to Kawakawa where they raised three children - William Henry born in 1886, Sarah Jane born in 1887 and Joseph James born in 1895.

Joe died on 7 September 1921 at 23 Buchanan Street, Glenmore, in Auckland.  He suffered with spastic paraplegia for five years before his death, an ailment characterised by progressive weakness and spasticity of the legs. His daughter Sarah who was married with a young family was living in Kingsland, and it may have fallen to her to look after her ailing widowed father.

Joe's father William emigrated to Clay County, Indiana, United States of America in 1877. He went with his daughter Sibbella and her family where they joined Thomasine and James Warrick who had emigrated to the States sometime between 1871 and 1873.

William Sillick died in Brazil City, Clay County, Indiana on 14 February 1895.

 
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		Jane's Genealogy Website (c) 2005 - updated  18 March 2012
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