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Hicks & Related Ontario Families



Parents shown here are 'probable,' until parish records ordered.

John STARK wife & 4 children
Year: 1817
Record Source: Immigration Passes to Upper Canada
Reel: C-4601
Volume: 37
Page(s): 17320-21
Comments: Scotland - weaver
RECORD SOURCE Upper Canada Sundries, Immigrants proceeding to Upper Canada via New York "Passes signed by the British Consul at New York to emigrants who have lately arrived from Great Britain and Ireland" 1817. Gives name of immigrant, number in family, place of origin, trade. National Archives of Canada reference: RG 5 A 1, vol. 37, pp. 17227-17578, microfilm reel C-4601.

A photocopy of this record reveals it is a travel document to His Majesty's Officers in Upper Canada, dated 8 April, 1817. It includes unnamed "wife, two sons and two daughters." Further, he was granted $15 sustenance, transportation to Albany, then across the lake to York.

Inhabitants of York, from York, Upper Canada Minutes of Town Meetings and Lists of Inhabitants 1797-1823, transcribed by Christine Mosser, Published 1984:
1818 (p. 126) John Stark 1 M 16+, 2 M -16; 1 F 16+, 2 F -16; total 6
1819 (p. 149) John Stark 1 M 16+, 1 M -16; 3 F 16+, 2 F -16, total 7
In 1819, it seems that son James had died and 2 older females were living with the family.

John Stark Sr was allotted land in Mulmur Twp. by O. C. 2nd June, 1819. In 1837, title was passed to his son, John of Toronto, shoemaker, who turned 21 that year. Since no subsequent records have been discovered for John Sr., this suggests he might have been deceased by 1837, or had removed to Michigan where several Stark families lived.

Notes about the STARK name, myth & legend from postings on GenForum 1999/2000

I recently purchased the Aaron Stark Family book written by Charles R. Stark in 1927. The book is currently out of print but can be ordered on demand from for $24.00 plus S&H. (Stephen Hopfe)

The story is in the seven generation history of the Aaron Stark family by Charles Stark, right in front, with the crest. I understand the members of the Stark Family Association which lasted from about 1904 to 1954 had signet rings with the crest. Cool. However, no one knows where Aaron came from. So, until we ever discover if he is English or Scottish, we will never know if the fanciful placing of this story was, by accident, more than that. (John stark)

There was a man named John Muirhead, Laird of Lachop. The King (I don't remember his name) was riding through John's pastures with his entourage one day when one of John's bulls charged the King. John jumped in front of the bull and grabbed it by the horns and broke it's neck, saving the King. John was dubbed a Knight on the spot and given the name Stark (gaelic for strong or, bold) and, supposedly this is why our family crest shows a bull's head dripping blood from the neck and above that is a man's forearm holding a sledge to signify strength. (Bradford stark)

This passage is found in a book by Charles R. Stark, "The Aaron Stark Family".
"These of ye name are descended of one John Muirhead 2nd. son of ye Laird of Lachop, who at hunting one day in ye forest of Cumbernauld seeing King James ye 4 in hazard of his life by a bull hottly with ye hounds, stept in betwixt ye King and ye bull and griping ye bull by ye horns, and by his strength almost wrung ye head from him, for which he was called Stark and his posterite after him, and bears ye rugged Bull's Head in their arms. Ye old sword of ye family has on it Stark alias Muirhead."

This is where the old saying "take the bull by the horns" comes from. Muirhead is a sept of the Robertson Clan and the Robertson's date back to the Clan Donnachaidah before Robert the Bruce. In fact, the story is that the Robertson's name was changed to that after the battle of Bannockburn when The Bruce refered to them as "Robert's Son's" after they had won the battle, hence from that time on they called themselves Robertson's. (Nancy Stark)

The Muirhead/bull/King James IV story is told in the biography of Gen. John Stark, hero of the Battle of Bennington. Oddly, a similar story is told in Germany. The King was Otto and the beast, a boar. The incident is said to have occurred at the same time, about the 12th century. Gene Stark, who has a WEB page, notes that some Germans may have settled in Scotland after having been hired to unseat Henry VII of England, in 1487. (Edward A. Stark)

Note - A number of other versions exist all probably with a grain of truth. I do know that quite large clusters of STARKs have lived in Scotland, Lincolnshire and Somerset in England - I am sure they do not all originate from the same source. The clue is in the German meaning of the word - Just as people were called Carpenter or Smith - then people were called Strong or Stark with no links between them other than strength. Stark also means barren or austere - so some of our more "sober" ancestors may have obtained their name through this connection. I do have details of a Robert Stark in Oxford, England who is described as a Proctor for New College on 24th Oct 1397. (Bill Stark)


DEATH: Died as Infant.


BIRTH: Reuben stated he was born in Toronto, which was known as York in 1832.

1881 census of Gladstone S. District, Man. (Reel #C-13283, page 32)
Pangman, Reuben, 46, b. Ont., Church of Eng., origin English, Farmer
Ann 41, b. Ireland
John 18
Jeremiah 16
Timothy 14
Ann 12
James 10
Reuben 8
Maggie 6
Andrew 4 - all children born Ontario.
The enumerator wrote a curious note in the margin: "June 9th - This family _____? taken out in the Oak River district although they are all living in my district and have [next words underlined} been for three years." (signed) Since Andrew was born in Ont. [Oct 1877] and the family has lived in Gladstone for 3 years, then they must have left Ontario in the winter of '87-88. or early spring of 1888. It appears the enumerator thought it odd they would have a homestead in another district, maybe thinking they were not fulfilling their residence requirements in Oak River.

In the biography of a son, James Henry, granddaughter Edna Arbuthnott wrote that the family came from Ontario by covered wagon, and "...operated the first stopping house on the Portage Plains."

1891 census of Blanchard, Man. (Reel #6293, div. 1, p. 7, line 2)
Pangman, Reuben is 58, Church of Eng, farmer; Ann, 52; Mary Ann, 22; Reuben, 17; Margaret E., 15; Andrew, 13; Rebecca, 9.

Quoted from Grains of the Century, pp. 602-03:
"Reuben J. Pangman was born Aug. 2, 1832 in Muddy York, Ont. This area is now known as Toronto. He died September 15, 1915.

"As a boy he was always very interested in farming and started helping on a farm at age nine. He quit school at a very early age and then worked on a farm in Sunnidale, Simcoe County, Ont. He very shortly obtained a farm of his own and in 1860 he married Ann McDonald, daughter of John and Euphemia (Hicks) McDonald. The same name is given in: The Story of Manitoba, Volume III Winnipeg: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1913. (out of print - copies can be found in the Hamiota Library and Manitoba Legislative Library, Winnipeg, Manitoba)

"They had nine children, eight were born in Sunnidale, Ont., and one in Manitoba. Available land was very scarce in Ontario for extended farming so Ann and Reuben decided to move West where they hoped they could get their boys settled on farms. They first settled on the Portage Plains but in 1879 Reuben decided to move his family to the banks of Oak River on section 6-15-22, then Viola Dale, but later became Blanshard municipality. They first lived in a log house which I understand was erected in record time. A very good barn was also built with a high stone foundation. It still stands today in 1981.

[Includes a list of the children and their spouses]

"Referring to the history of the Pangman homestead - it is understood that Reuben J. Pangman was a very thrifty and successful farmer - clearing his land, growing good crops, and raising cattle. He had brought horses with him from Ontario, which few people had in those days. Most people used oxen. It was rumored that he hauled his grain to Brandon where he was very successful in bargaining with the grain buyers - no wheat boards or government set prices in those days. While in Brandon he would haul grain for many farmers into the elevators with his horses. Apparently the farmer could bargain for a better price if he drove horses.

"Reuben had much help from his wife, Ann, and he gave her a great deal of credit for her help and the credit for his great success as a farmer. One story Ann often told her grandchildren was that she was never afraid of the Indians - even when her husband was away - for she said that she kept many bags of tea on hand and when the Indians arrived she greeted them with a smile and handed out bags of tea. They would go away happy.

"The family resided in the log house until 1894 when the stone house was built. In that same year and the following one, Reuben and his son, Andy, hauled spruce trees from Elphinstone and planted them in rows in front of the new house. Many of those trees are there today. When this house was built, Reuben had a huge brick, wood-burning furnace installed in the basement which burned cordwood. It is understood that the house caused great interest around the country so a dance was held in the upstairs of a very large implement shed and people came for miles to this dance and to see the house."

REFERENCE: (1) McConnell Women Institute and History Committee, McConnell, Little Town Lost. [McConnell]; The Institute, 1979. (out of print) (2) Hamiota Centennial History Committee, Hamiota, Grains of the Century, 1884-1984. Altona, Manitoba: Friesen Printers, 1984. 741 pages (available from R.M. of Hamiota, Hamiota, Manitoba, ROM OTO - $35 +postage).

MARRIAGE: Double wedding with his sister, Harriet. Married at St. James Anglican Church, Toronto Diocese, 21st Feb. 1861: PANGMAN, Reuben, 24, bachelor, of Twp. Caledon, born Toronto, son of Jeremiah and Mary, and McDONALD, Anne (Ann, sic) 21. spinster, of Twp. Caledon, born Ireland, daughter of John and Lavinia. By License. Witnesses: John Platt, Toronto, and Murdoch McPhaden of Brock. Clergy: H.J. Grasett. NOTE that Reuben reports his own age as 2 years younger than his sister, Harriet.

Reuben and Ann farmed briefly west half of Lot 10, Con 6 east, Caledon Twp, before moving north. Reuben Pangman leased from the Canada Company, the west half of lot 21, con 1, Tosorontio Twp, Simcoe Co, April 2, 1861. (His brother-in-law, John McDonald, leased the east half of lot 21 on the same date.) He purchased the land on 18 Jan. 1871. Ref. Archives of Ontario, CC B3 vol. 26, pg. 307. The last year Reuben's name appears on the Tosorontio Twp Tax Assesment Roll is 1875. Since Sunnidale is mentioned in his biography, perhaps he moved to that Twp. in '75, living there until leaving for Manitoba c1878.

MANITOBA - Reuben received Dominion of Canada Land Letters Patent in Manitoba:
- on 4 Apr 1879, purchased the NW1/4 Sec. 6, Twp. 15, Rge. 22, W of the 1st Meridian, receiving patent 5 Dec 1879. Index to NAC ref. RG: 68, Liber: 20, Folio: 571 includes "Remarks: (Burnside) 323 35/100 acres sale Secretary of State. this may mean he was entitled to 323 acres in Man., or sold 323, selling his land in Ontario to a Burnside, perhaps with the sale financed or facilitated by the Can. Government as part of their program to encourage settlement of Manitoba.
- issued 15 Dec 1884, sale patent for SW1/4 of same section, and homestead patent for SE1/4 same section [Liber: 14, Folios: 409 & 406, Reel # C-5951, National Archives of Canada]
- Sw1/4 Sec. 10, Twp 15, Rge, 22 [date & details to look up on Liber: 58, Folio: 191, Reel # C-5985, NAC]

DEATH: Reg # 1915,194141.

BURIAL: Pangman Family Cemetery. Transcriber's notes, summer, 1978: "This is a Family Cemetery, located between Cardale and McConnell in Rural Municipality of Blanshard on part of the S.E. 1/4 of 6-15-22, W.P.M., in Manitoba. The cemetery is quite small, measuring about 100 feet by 100 feet. It is also very badly neglected, long prairie grass and assorted weeds do not help in trying to take records from the grave markers. The cemetery is located on the north side of Provincial Road #355, approx. 6 miles west of Cardale, or approx. 2 miles south of McConnell and 4 miles East on PR. #355."


On the 1901 census of Hamiota, Manitoba, Ann reports born Ireland, 18 Nov 1841, and emigrated to Canada in 1841. This seems an enumerator's error. On the 1891 census on Hamiota, Ann reports age 52. With a birthday of Nov., this means 1838 is year of birth. On the 1851 census, Ann's parents report she will become 14 in 1852, again, a birth year of 1838. Her grave marker reads: "Born Nov. 19, 1835; died Sept. 26, 1922.

DEATH: Reg # 1922,046306.

BURIAL: Pangman Family Cemetery.

William John PANGMAN

BIOGRAPHY: Never married.

DEATH: Reg # 1885,002351.

BURIAL: Pangman Family Cemetery

Timothy (Tim) PANGMAN

Dominion of Canada Letters Patent: NE pt, Sec. 34, Twp. 15, Rge. 23, W 1st M. (National Archives of Canada: Liber 84, Folio 370, Reel # C-6001) Entered 10th May 1889. Patent 20 Feb. 1893.

BIOGRAPHY: Never married. Operated a livery.

DEATH: Reg # 1917,011013.

BURIAL: Pangman Family Cemetery. Only a footstone was located in 1978,

Jeremiah (Jerry) PANGMAN

There's a J. Pangman owning land in Lots 18 and 20, listed only on the map of Tossoronto Twp. in same general area of William. (1890-91 Atlas and Map of Simcoe Co: William Pangman is: Tossoronto Township, Pangman, Wm, Post Office: Lisle, tenant, Con. 1, Lot 20.)

Jeremiah entered a homestead claim on 28 August, 1883, in Hamiota Municipality, Manitoba, for NW 34-14-24 WPM, 2 miles west & 1/2 mi. south of Watson. He received his Patent on 24 June, 1890.

On the 1891 census of Oak River, Man. (Reel #T-6293, Div. 1, p. 25, line 16) he is married already, 27 years old, Methodist farmer, and living with him are: Mary Jane, 27; Tim, 24; Robert John, 22.

Dominion of Canada Letters Patent in Saskatchewan, SW pt. Sec. 7, Twp. 34, Rge. 23, W 3rd M. (National Archives of Canada: Liber 670, Folio 226, Reel # C-6470) This land would be within 3 - 4 miles of west of Kerrobert, Sask, in the RM of Progress, #351.

A copy of this homestead file from the Saskatchewan Archives includes his statement sworn June 11, 1915, and 'accepted as sufficient," July 5, 1915, in Ottawa. In it, Jeremiah writes he received a previous patent before 1890 at SE pt 34-14-24-W1, which would be adjacent to the land of his brother, Timothy. His original application for the Saskatchewan land was stamped at the Dominion Lands Office in Saskatoon on Mar 20, 1911. He built a frame house in April, 1912, and commenced actual residence on April 22, 1912.

He resided on the property from April, 1912 to Dec. 30, 1912; from July 3, 1913 to Mar 9, 1914; from July 1914 to Dec 15, 1914; and Mar 11, 1915 to June 1915, date of application. When absent from the land, he was a farmer in Manitoba. His statement continues with: 10 x 12 frame house, value $60; stable valued at $75; Grainry valued at $150; well, $30; and 10 acres fenced at $20; 6 horses.

The statement is stamped "No seed grain encumbrance." It states, too: Year 1911, broke 37 acres; Year 1912, broke 52, cropped 37; Year 1913, broke 12, cropped 89; Year 1914, broke 12, cropped 101; Year 1915, broke 10, cropped 113.

Two sworn statements were included: Arthur W. Selby from SE 12-34-24, and from NE 1-34-24, Robert English, the husband of Jeremiah's sister, Margaret E.

BURIAL: Lacombe Cemetery, Plot A.

Mary Jane (Minnie) WALLACE

The children attended Watson School in Hamiota Municipality. Here is the caption of a class photo taken about 1908-1911 and printed in Hamiota: Grains of the Century:

Watson School Pupils. Myrtle Skayman, Mary Fowlie, Edna
Boyd, Pearl Pangman, Harold McConnell, Howard Van-
alstyne, Lorne Skayman, Nellie Butler, Nellie Pangman, Rus-
sell Pangman, Wilma Pangman, Ollie Pangman, Elwood
Vanalstyne, Norah Angus, Clifford Angus, Charlie Butler, Jim

MARRIAGE: Brandon Sun - Pangman/Wallace wedding July 30, 1890 at the residence of the bride's uncle, Robt. Johnson, Elton. Jeremiah and Minnie both from Viola Dale. Reg # 1890, 001400.

Twin Daughter PANGMAN

BURIAL: Pangman Family Cemetery.

Twin Violet PANGMAN

BIRTH: Reg # 1891-004872, Unnamed.

BURIAL: Pangman family cemetery.

Wilmore Hope PANGMAN

BIRTH: Reg # 1898-005475.

DEATH: Appendicitus. Reg # 1920, 017131.

William Fred BESLER

BIOGRAPHY: He was a grain buyer in Rapid City. Some Basler family histories are available in - RAPID CITY and DISTRICT: Our Past and the Future, standard book #0-919213-38-3, published by Rapid City Historical Book Society, Rapid City, MB R0K 1W0, printed by Friesen Printers, Altona, MB.

Mary Ann (Min) PANGMAN

MARRIAGE: Manitoba Reg # 1894,001666.

Reuben (Reub) PANGMAN Jr.

LAND: Dominion of Canada Letters Patent in Manitoba, SW pt Sec. 10, Twp. 15, Rge. 22, W of the 1st M. (Archives of Canada, Liber 58, Folio 191, Reel # C-5985)

BIOGRAPHY: Farmed at Viola Dale

BURIAL: Hamiota Cemetery, Section 4, Row 15

Clara Edith Mabel BROWN

MARRIAGE: Reg # 1898,001364.

BURIAL: Hamiota Cemetery, Section 4, Row 15.

Andrew (Andy) PANGMAN


At the time that Andy and Maybel decided to give up the implement business and go back to farming (he felt his farm was being poorly farmed) there was not a suitable house on Andy's farm. Therefore, his father divided the stone house into living quarters for two families and Andy and Maybel and daughter, Doreen, born in Strathclair Oct. 1910, lived there while a house was being built on Andy's farm by Mr John Jordan of Hamiota. At that time Andy rented his father's quarter and later purchased some from his father's estate.

Maybel was a very devoted Anglican and always kept in touch with Hamiota Anglican Church. In those days eight miles was a long drive by horse and buggy so she was very thrilled when for the latter days of the Viola Dale Church's life (which had been built on Brown's farm in 1905) they had an Anglican Rector, Mr. Stocker from Strathclair take the morning service. The Reverend Stocker drove with horse and buggy and stabled his horse in Andy's bam. After service, he had dinner with the Pangman family before driving back to Strathclair.

Gordon Clarence, Andrew and Maybel's son, was bom in 1917 and was christened in the Viola Dale church by Rev. Stocker shortly before the church was moved to McConnell by Tom Holotz, in the summer of 1918. At that time Maybel's mother, Sarah Anderson Whitworth, was living with them as she had given up her home in Creemore, Ontario.

Andy's mother, Ann, lived on in the stone house from the time of Reuben's death but her health was failing so Andy then hired a married couple and had them live in the stone house and help look after his mother. This continued until her death in 1922. In 1924 Andy and Maybel had the old home completely redecorated and repaired. After selling their original home to Mr. Hardman of Oak River they then moved back to the old home. It was good business for Tom Holotz as he had the job of moving the house to Oak River and Andy's bam from his original quarter down with the other bams on the home farm.

Maybel took an active part in local activities and was a member of the Ladies Aid but she also had a helping hand for the Anglican Church in Hamiota. They bought a car in 1917 and were frequent visitors to Hamiota. The Hodge family of the Royal Bank were very personal friends and daughter, Doreen, always had a couple of weeks vacation in Hamiota with the Hodge family.

In 1929 Doreen moved to Hamiota and resided there until 1937. She took an active part in the Anglican church and was president of the W.A. for several years. She was also active in the Young People's Social Club. Doreen and Frank W. C. Irwin were married in 1937. Frank had lived in Hamiota for two years and was assistant to W. J. Burgess in his law firm but moved to London, England in 1937. Doreen and Frank had one son, Leighton Andrew, who now lives in Toronto and is a trust officer with National Trust.

Gordon fanned for a time with his father but then joined the Mounted Police. He married Doris Edna (Dolly) Evans in 1941 and decided to try farming again. However, he soon learned that farming was not his forte so he and Dolly moved back West after Gordon had an honourable discharge from the army. They have two children: Andrew William, now living in Victoria, B.C., and a daughter, JoAnn, who married Professor Foote and lives in Red Deer, Alberta. Gordon worked for the Alberta government for many years but is now retired and living in Vancouver.

Maybel and Andy decided to rent the farm in 1942 and moved to Hamiota. Edwin Middleton ran the farm for many years until it was sold to Hector Paterson in 1965. Andy and Maybel enjoyed their life in Hamiota, with Maybel once again becoming a very active Anglican and was given a Life Membership in the W.A. She also lawn bowled and they both enjoyed
bridge games. Andy died in 1958 but Maybel continued in her own home until 1972 when after her 90th birthday she moved to Orillia [Ontario], residing in Hillcrest Lodge. This was four miles from Bass Lake where her daughter, Doreen and son-in-law Frank Irwin, live and 35 miles from her home town, Creemore. It is also 25 miles from Sunnidale where Doreen's grandfather, Reuben J. Pangman, originally farmed.

Maybel died July 7, 1975, two weeks before her 93rd birthday. She was buried with her husband and her mother, Sarah (Cherry) Anderson Whitworth in Hamiota cemetery. (Grains of the Century, pp.603-4)

BURIAL: Hamiota Cemetery, Section 2, Row 16.


BIOGRAPHY: From Creemore. Nottawasaga Twp, Simcoe Co, Ontario

BURIAL: Hamiota Cemetery, Section E, Row 16.


PANGMAN, Orangeville Sun, July 7, 1870: "A man named John Pangman was murdered on the 28th of June, near Creemore, County of Simcoe, by one Hugh McCormick. Both had been at a logging bee, and in the evening were amusing themselves by jumping, when a dispute arose between them, in the course of which McCormick picked up a handspike and inflicted a fatal blow upon deceased. The murderer, at last account was still at large."

John appears on the 1871 census "Nominal Return of the Deaths" as murdered within the past 12 months. From notes of J.A.I. Kidd, transcribed by Bryan Lawson, Jan 31, 1999. In summary, John was murdered near Lisle by Hugh McCormick. It was a logging bee with drinks flowing. John's brother, Reuben, had a jumping match with McCormick on the lawn and an argument broke out as to who won. When John tried to break it up, he was hit on the head and killed. McCormick fled to the United States and the trial did not come up for 11 years. He received one year for manslaughter. The complete trial proceedings were covered in the Orangeville Sun.

BURIAL: Banda Cemetery, Nottawasaga, Ontario. Headstone slab is laying on its back & partly grown over with grass. It reads: "In Memory of JOHN, son of Jerimiah & Mary PANGMAN. Died 27 June 1870, AGED 29 yr's 6 mo's." Also: "Dearest brother thou hast left us, Here thy loss we deeply feel; But 'tis God that hath bereft us, (last line unreadable)"

Elizabeth DIXON

BIOGRAPHY: Elizabeth is John Pangman's widow. In 1871 census of Mulmur, she is 18 yrs, and son Robert John is 2 yrs. They are living in household of Jeremiah and Mary J.

BURIAL: Banda Cemetery, Nottawasaga, Ontario. The headstone is sunk 3/4 into the ground. Was able to read only the top portion: "In Memory of ELIZABETH, wife of John PANGMAN and daughter of Robert & Anna Jane Dixen."


Farmer's Directory for Simcoe, Tosorontio Twp: "Pangman, Wm, Post Office: Lisle, tenant, Con 1, Lot 20.
On the 1881 Illustrated Atlas, Lots 18 & 20 are owned by J. Pangman (but which One?). William's brother, Reuben, leased W1/2 Lot 21 in 1862, which he bought 18 Jan, 1871.

Pangman, William
Event : Living
Year : 1890
Place : Tosorontio Township
Province of record source : Ontario
County of record source : Simcoe
Comments : Farmer.
Source : Illustrated Historical Atlas of the County of Simcoe, 1881,
including Union Publishing Company's Farmers' Directory for the County of Simcoe, 1890.
Publisher : Cumming Atlas Reprints
Publication place : Port Elgin
Volume/Page(s) : 95
(CD #118)


BIRTH: Lists her heritage as "Irish" on the 1871 census.


BIRTH: Date calculated from headstone transcription "aged 49 yrs, 9 months, 14days."


BIOGRAPHY: Marion is the only child still living at home, 21 yrs old in the 1871 census of Mulmur Twp.


Horning's Mills Cemetery Section "C" CR3-12.
Andrew Anderson Died Mar. 10 1893, aged 49 yrs, 9 months. 14 days.
His wife Marion Pangman died Dec. 2, 1927, aged 78 yrs.
Remember friends as you pass by,
As ye are now so once was I,
As I am now ye soon must be,
So prepare for death and follow me.



In a Ketch family tree by Ruth (McDonald) Vowels, John came to Canada with the British Military, connected with the Queens Rangers. On 13 Jan 1787, was granted 208 acres, Lot 27, on the St. River, parish of Queensbury-York. He had ten children.