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JACKSON FAMILY GRAVE SITES



This page is dedicated to
Dr. Jack Marvin Jackson.
Archeologist, Historian and Enthusiastic Genealogist.


One of his daughter's, Marie Jackson Tanner wrote me
"That one of his (her father) wishes was to have a historical marker at the grave site. I only wish he would have been alive to see it."






Jackson Family Massacre Historical Marker
Dedication Draws large crowd on April 19,1998

A program of remembrance, music and history was held for the dedication of the Historical marker, The participants in the program were pictured beside the Historical Maker in the picture on the Front Page of the Goldthwaite Eagle-Mullin Enterprise dated April 23, 1998. They were R.C. Edmonson, Susan Reynolds, Layton Black, Bill Cooksey, Caroline Schwartz, Lee Ruth Campbell, Mary Dieckman, A.R. Whisenhunt, Zachary Dieckman, Lee Roy Yarbrough, Keith Miller, John Priddy, Dr. Bill Farmer and Walter Tubbs.

Lee Roy Yarbrough, Historian who researched the historical records and finally pieced together the sketchy information and located and identified the graves on the Stanley Kershman Ranch that is located on Farm to Market Road 573 between Mullin and Ridge and west of the Pecan Bayou which was the site of the 1858 Indian Massacre of the Jackson Family.

Mary Dieckman is the Great-great-granddaughter of Mose Jackson and persented a response from the family.

Layton Black, former State Repesentative was guest speaker for the ceremony.

A.R. Whisenhunt, former Mullin School Superintendent, gave a special Tribute to the Jackson pioneeer family and to pioneers in general.



Historical Marker placed on April 19, 1998
Location: Where state road 573 crosses Pecan Bayou







Click here for full version "easier to read" photo
SOURCE or BIBLIOGRAPHY: Goldthwaite Eagle-Mullin Enterprise, Article's submitted by the Mills County Historical Commission; dated April 9, 1998 and April 23, 1998;

Copyright ©1998 Texas Historical Commission. You are free to use information or non-copyrighted images from the Texas Historical Commission pages for any non-commercial purpose. Any use of this information should credit the Texas Historical Commission.


I have made all attempts to avoid mistakes, but I am after all only human, If there are any errors, I am truly sorry and will make note of any errors brought to my attention.

However, if there is conflicting information, that does not necessarily mean it's an error, it just means the information has changed over the years usually or new information was found that wasn't known then, I have tried to put all information that can be cited to a person or source on the pages so you, as an individual can determine the actual story or facts.
If you want to report and error or a non working Link,

You can contact me at :
Sharon Ivy
P. O. Box 117,
Priddy, TX 76870

I am now a Member of the Mills County Historical Commission and I have volunteered to help them with some of their other projects. This Page is independant and not part of the Mills County Historical Commission's past project and the Mills County Historical Commission may or may not agree views and expressions listed on this page.

I am not related to this family, but there are links below to those who are Jackson Family Descendants and Researchers and without whose help, this page would not be completed. They deserve a Big Thank You.




Dr.Jack Marvin Jackson's account of the family history that he helped organize the material with descendants of Rebecca Jackson. This is the Official and accepted version by the Jackson Family Descendants and Researchers

His daughter, Marie Jackson Tanner sent me some information from the Jerry Ellison and his writing, " Too Far West": The Jackson Family Tragedy (English Department, Delta College) and a photocopy of Rebecca (Jackson) Stroud's account of the Tragedy, "Murder of Jackson Family in Brown County, 1858" (Hunter's Magazine, © 1911 by John Warren Hunter)

James badgett also sent me some information from a very old typewritten, carbon copy of the Article, MASSACRE OF MOSE JACKSON'S FAMILY**THE POT OF GOLD THAT WAS NEVER FOUND, by Russell H. Ware. and the children's names as submitted to the World Family Tree Program.

Mr. Ellison's publication, " Too Far West": The Jackson Family Tragedy" in the first couple of paragraph's he gives his Thanks to Lorene Bishop, Local Historian, and curator of the Brown County Museum of History in Brownwood, Texas and Jack M. Jackson, a Descendant of the Jacksons, who has a PhD in history from the University of Texas and to whom this page is dedicated to.

Finding the Truth

Mr. Ellison wrote that he had no idea when he started this project how frustrating it was to find so much conflicting information. He had started this project in 1989 and by then several accounts of the story had been written about, discussed and examined in the 133 years that had passed since the massacre. As we all know, even eyewitness reports are shaped by the person who viewed the action, (this is the reason six people can witness a tragedy and report six different versions of it and why the police or other agencies try to record an account as soon after the event as human memories have a tendency to change over time.)

There is one fact that does not change, The Jackson family was attacked and killed by a band of Indians and two children were kidnapped either for ransom or to live with the Indians for a number of reasons. Different accounts about the number of family members, age's and the actual events are insignificant to the outcome. We as a people are always asking How, what happened and why? It doesn't matter if the tragedy was in 1858 with the Jackson Family or 1999 when another Kennedy tragedy happened, we want to understand how this could happen, we want to blame someone or something, we don't like to think of our own immortality and a life cut too short.

Legend of the Hidden Gold

Even though the tragedy has placed this family into our memories forever, there is the story of the "Hidden Gold". In the summer of 1858, Mr. Jackson, who was a very successful cattle rancher, sold a number of steers for "Gold" The story told by Journalist, Russel H. Ware was the Javan, the second oldest child overheard his parents talking about the gold and either heard the father or watched him pour the gold into a metal receptacle and disappear out the back door, and when he returned, the gold was not with him. Flora Gatlin Bowles, wrote that Mose Jackson only told his daughter, Louisa where he buried the gold and the secret died with her on that fateful day. After the children were recovered and sent to John Thomas Jackson to live, the second oldest son, Javan was reported to have spent considerable amount of time searching for this lost gold. Since then dozen's of others had searched and if it was found, they did not make a record or claim of the Gold being found.

The Killing

J.W. Wilbarger wrote an account, "Indian Depredations in Texas" (1889) and Russel H. Ware, article titled, "Massacre of Mose Jackson's Family" from the Burnett Bulletin, Burnett, Texas, lists "five" Jackson's (14 yr old girl, 7 yr old boy, and 4 yr old girl murdered with their parents) as being killed, both versions have the wrong year, 1861 & 1852, and while the accepted version is four, Mose's and Lydia the parents, and Louisa and I.J. the children and the year 1858. I. J. was about six years old when he was killed, but being the youngest there, he had to been the "baby" that the Indians were tossing back and forth to each other and eventually swung by his feet unto a log, crushing his little head. It is possible that he was a very small toddler, but even so, it would be hard to toss a toddler back and forth, thereby making one wonder if there wasn't a fifth person, a young or newly born baby. Lydia Jackson was only about forty Four and in most cases still capable of bearing children. Even Mr. Ellison wrote that Rebecca's Memories as a 9 year old girl and the trauma could cause her to miss or not clearly remember techincal details of that tragedy in the later years.
(Note: Please read Mr. Jerry Ellison's response to the above paragraph that states for certainty that there were only four (4) killed that day and that now it is believed that Rebecca would remember the technical details even during the tragedy

The Burial:

There are different accounts of the burial, basically, it was when Capt. John Williams and a company of Texas Ranger's came upon the body's. Word was sent out and about thirty men and three women came, most from William's Ranch" " and watched as the Rangers buried the Jackson, in two graves, two hundred feet apart. One for Mose's and one for his wife and children. The men and women quoted a bible verse and all sung a hymn. Knowing that the graves could be soon lost, they rolled several sandstone slabs and set them upright around each grave. The Sandstones are still marking the graves even though sometime in the 1950's Mr. Ellison reports that some teenagers dug into the graves to get the skulls. The Local Sheriff (most likely C.F. Stubblefield who was Mills County Sheriff from 1950 to 1964) and the graves have not been disturbed since. May they forever rest in peace.
(Note: Jack Jackson told Jerry Ellison but it has not been found in print)

Mr. Jerry Ellison References

Mr. Ellison wrote the names and titles of several reference books, articles and even an unpublished manuscript that had been written about the Jackson Family Massacre. Some of these books are available for purchase and most can be found in the library, Newspaper articles are probably available on microfilm and can be on an inter-library loan. Click here for a list of Mr. Ellison's References,

Marie Taylor wrote," Family records indicate that the Joshua and Lydia Jackson moved from Copiah County, Mississippi to Texas when Texas became a state. They had a total of eleven children. Three of the children died when they were very young (one child died in Mississippi and the other two in Louisiana). My great great grandfather was their eldest child John Thomas Jackson. John was in his twenties and settled in Lampasas when the family moved to Texas."
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This version is from Flora Gatlin Bowles, A No Man's Land Becomes a County (Austin: Steck, 1958).She herself said in her preface; "This book will be subject to criticism as it is impossible to compute accurately the vast amount of statistices to the desk of the editor" In her preface, Flora Bowles considered herself an editor and not an author. She submitted this hsitory of Mils County with the hope it will in some "humble way" facts will prove useful in the future and names will be remembered.

She truly did this as a labor of love and Lillian Love Gatlin, and Mary Bowles Piccione finished arranging the manuscripts for publishing in honor of Flora Gatlin Bowles who passed away October 1, 1957 shortly before the book was published.


Jackson Family Massacre
- December 1858 in Brown County
(Brown county was formed on the western frontier in 1856 from Comanche and Travis counties and organized in 1858, with Brownwood designated as the county seat;)

The Jackson family (Mother Father and four children) was going to meet Their Friends "The Kilpatrick's" at the Pecan Bayou and had gone there to camp. There are different stories of what actually happened but apparently the family drove the ox wagon upon a band of Comanche Indians in the grove of tree's, possiblily thinking it was the Kilpatrick's.

According to an account of the Massacre, written in 1958, a hundred years after the tragedy, The Comanche's killed the Father, Joshua Moses Jackson and 18 year old daughter first, the mother, Lydia Jackson and Baby or youngest child (NOTE: Texas Rangers had guessed the age of the youngest girl to be about 5 years old), The Comanches then took Andrew Jackson (8 year old son) and Annie (10 year old daughter) as captives. (NOTE: The Jackson Family Research and Recent Newspaper coverage of the historical Marker Dedication has the children's name's as Joshua and Rebecca).

Before the Texas Rangers and a posse went after the Comanche's the neighbors buried the family, The mother and Father in one grave and the the young woman and child in the other grave. The graves were encircled by sand stone and in 1958, the stones were still there marking the graves.

 BIBLIOGRAPHY: Flora Gatlin Bowles, A No Man's Land Becomes a County (Austin: Steck, 1958).;Additonal Source: Goldthwaite Eagle-Mullin Enterprise, Article's submitted by the Mills County Historical Commission; dated April 9, 1998 and April 23, 1998; Thomas Robert Havins, Something about Brown: A History of Brown County, Texas (Brownwood, Texas: Banner Printing, 1958). Tevis Clyde Smith, Frontier's Generation (Brownwood, Texas, 1931; 2d ed. 1980). James C. White, The Promised Land: A History of Brown County (Brownwood, Texas: Brownwood Banner, 1941).


Those Killed

- FATHER MOTHER DAUGHTER SON (BABY) ? FIFTH
PERSON?
(BABY)
Name
Joshua Mose(s)
Lydia
Louisa
I.J.
Actual Name was not known
Two or three
accounts list
a fifth person
-unknown name
Age
when killed-
About 48 years About 44 years old- 18 Years Old (1) Female Infant to about 5 Years of age (1) -
Birth Date He was born August 1810 in South Carolina About 1814 - She was 13 years old and Mose was 17 years old when they married (3) - 1843-(15 years old) August 20, 1852 (6 years old) -
Death Date Oct 24th 1858 (other kin have 10/21/1858)
Dec 1858 (2)
Oct 24th 1858 (other kin have 10/21/1858)
Dec 1858 (2)
Oct 24th 1858 (other kin have 10/21/1858)
Dec 1858 (2)
Oct 24th 1858 (other kin have 10/21/1858)
Dec 1858 (2)
Oct 24th 1858 (other kin have 10/21/1858)
Dec 1858 (2)


MASSACRE SURVIVORS AND CAPTIVES OF THE COMANCHES
Josuha and Rebecca (Andrew and Annie) were rescued by the quick actions of the Texas Rangers and neighbors.


- SON DAUGHTER
Name (from the two sources) Joshua C. Jackson (accepted by the Jackson Family as the true name)(1)
or Andrew Jackson (2)
Rebecca Margaret Jackson (accepted by the Jackson Family as the true name) (1)
or Annie Jackson (2)
Age
when CAPTURED-
8 YEARS OLD (2) 10 YEARS OLD- (2)
Birth Date & Location -About 1850 according to the family researchers -About 1846 according to the family researchers abt 1850 by the death age of 77 in 1927 (less two weeks)
Death Date Died in 1890 after suffering a shattered mind from the trauma He was only 44 years of age May 16, 1927
Notes Josuha wandered aimlessly, never settling down and spent his last years in an Austin Asylum "Fighting Indians" (3) Rebecca was able to carry on and at age of 22 to 26, she married a widower with seven children, John S. "Jack" Stroud on July 6, 1872 and bore ten children of their union. (3)





More Members of the Josuha Mose Jackson Family

- Son Son SonOther Children
Name
John Thomas Jackson
Jethro Jackson
Javan Jackson
There are five other children, One died in Mississippi and two had died in Louisanna: Click here for information furnished by Jim Badgett 
Notes: John Thomas was living in Lampasas when his little sister and brother were recovered. He took care of the children and Married in 1861, having a family of six children of his own. Jethro died soon after the tragedy of Pneumonia, Possibly the same disease or illness that prevented him from being with his parents on that fateful day Javan arranged that older brother John Thomas take care of the children, he searched for his father's hidden gold. He then became a scout for the Texas Rangers. He later married and had a large family in Williamson County, Texas. N/A
Birth Date - - - N/A
Death Date August 1881 abt 1858, Soon after the tragedy of pneumonia -1918 in Hamilton TexasN/A





Other Relation to the Jackson Family

- Brother Of Moses Jackson Unknown relationship Possible Cousin or brotherUnknown relationship Possible Cousin or brother
Name
John Jackson
Willliam Daniel JacksonThomas Jackson
Notes: John Jackson, Brother to Josuha Moses Jackson moved to Lampasas in 1850's with Moses oldest son "John Thomas Jackson" (3)William Daniel Jackson fought in the Texas Revolutions and received a grant of land as a result of his saacrifice at the Alamo and may have been one of the reason's Mose Jackson moved to Texas(3) Thomas also died at the Alamo but no mention of a land grant.(3)
Birth Date ---
Death Date - --



Jackson Family Researchers


Marie Jackson Tanner is the great, great, great grand daughter of Joshua Moses and Lydia Jackson. Her great, great grandfather was their eldest son, John Thomas Jackson and is continuing her father's work.

Lydia Jackson  is the great, great, great grand daughter of Joshua Moses and Lydia Jackson. Her great, great grandfather was their eldest son, John Thomas Jackson and she is the sister to Marie.

James Badgett great great grandson of Joshua Moses Jackson descending thru Javan Jackson line.

Stephenie Thibodeaux Is a decendant of John Stroud and the first Wife with a special Kinship to the Jackson Family.   Click here to read more about John S. Stroud

Jerry Ellison has undertaken to write a book on the Jackson's and wants to present all the information he can about the descendants of Mose and Lydia Jackson. More about Jerry Ellison

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Links with Jackson Family



If you have a web site or would like to be listed as a researcher or descendant of the Jackson Family and want to have a link placed here, Please e-mail Sharon Ivy




Mr. Jerry Ellison Source List
Click here for the updated List of sources
furnished by Mr. Jerry Ellison

Below is the Jerry Ellison information that was furnished by Marie Jackson Tanner


The Indian Papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916 (Fred H. and Ella Mae Moore Texas History Reprint Series) by Dorman H. Winfrey (Editor) James M. Day, Jame Day

Indian Depredations in Texas 1890 Reprint Library edition- this is the Library edition but hardcopy and paperback are available

The West Texas Frontier (1933) By Joseph Carroll McConnell includes a detailed chapter, titled, "Mose Jackson and Family". Mr. Ellison noted it included incorrect information as to the location of the rescue, Joshua's name and wrong dates.

Newspaper Coverage:

Brownwood Bulletin: Brownwood, Texas

1935, unknown month and day, Article, titled, "Murder of the Jackson Family, Most Gruesome Tragedies of Pioneers" unknown author.

1937, unknown month and day, Article titled, "Many Slain in Battle with Roving Bands"

December 1990, a series of three articles, by Lorene Bishop, "Questions surround 1858 murders", Pioneer Family Murder a Mystery," and Jackson Family Remembered."

**********
Burnett Bulletin: Burnett, Texas

Date unknown (before 1941), Russel H. Ware, article titled, "Massacre of Mose Jackson's Family". Mr. Ellison reviewed this article and noted that it incorrectly lists five causalities and the wrong year, (1852) and Incorrectly stated the Jackson Cabin was inundated with the building of the Pecan Bayou Dam and caused Mr. Ellison to believe the Jackson family graves were also lost. (Note: most accounts say the massacre happened 3 or 4 miles northeast of the homestead and not near the cabin.)

March 1941, based on the article in the Burnett Bulletin, the same mistakes appeared in the Frontier Times.

***********
The Northern Standard: Clarksville, Texas

November 6, 1858 edition an article was reported to have been printed in the paper per Mr. Ellison's research. Mr. Ellison did say he was unable to review the article itself.

Fort Worth Star-Telegram: Fort Worth, Texas

November 14, 1926, an article appeared about the tragedy, again Mr. Ellison was not able to review this article but noted it's existence.

************
Hunter's Magazine: © by John Warren Hunter 1911, 1912

October 1911, article submitted by Rebecca (Jackson) Stroud with the help of her daughter, of her account of the tragedy "Murder of Jackson Family in Brown County, 1858"

April 1912, B.F. Gholson wrote a letter stating he and one of his relatives helped to bury the Jacksons.

*******
The State Gazette: Austin, Texas

October 30, 1858, an article titled "Indians in Browne County - a Family Killed,"

Rescuer's

*******************
From Mr. Ellison's "Too Far West": The Jackson Family Tragedy, the following names were extracted: (Mr. Ellison found this information in McConnel's version of the story)

Lieutenant Giedeon P. Cowan of the Texas Rangers and his fourteen men were the actual men who found the children on November 9, 1858, on Bitter Creek, near the present town of Sweetwater, according to McConnell However, the location may be wrong as most historians believe that location to have been only thirty miles away along Salt Creek

The men were:
Sergeant Rhome Vaughan, Texas Ranger
Gabe Choate, Texas Ranger
A. J. "Jack" Brown, Texas Ranger
Rid Hoy, Texas Ranger
G. "Wash" Frezell, Texas Ranger
Tom Potts, Texas Ranger
B.F. Gholson, Texas Ranger (Note: This is the only person from this list mentioned in Flora Gatlin Bowles book)
Dan Spencer, Private Citizen
Bill Webb, Private Citizen
Bill Webb's Brother, Private Citizen
and three other Private Citizen's who had joined the search, possibly those mention from the Flora Gatlin Book?


Flora Gatlin Bowles, "A No Man's Land Becomes a County" account of the rescue

A company of Texas Rangers under the command of Captain John Williams came upon the bodies of the Jackson family. They saw a Woman, Man, Young Lady and a little girl about the age of 5 years dead. Scouts were sent out to all nearby settlements in attempts to identify the bodies and to obtain equipment to bury the dead. Before the scouts returned, the Kilpatrick's came upon the site and itdentify the bodies.

As soon as the burial was completed the Texas Rangers went in pursuit of the Comanches who they learned had taken two children as captives. The Rangers were joined by citizens. A large group of men from Coryell County joined the force, Also a Mr. Elijah Bancroft organized a group of men to help from the area he lived in.

Apparently, Early the next Morning, Mr. Bancroft's men engaged some indians at a Indian camp near Salt Gap. They searched for the children and did not find them and was going to return home for lack of provisions when they met the Texas Rangers and the Coryell men. They joined them and the next day, they followed footprints back to the deserted Indain Camp on Salt Creek and they found the children hiding in the brush. The story was relayed by the girl that when the shooting started, She and her brother ran away and hid in the brush. The rescue itself took about three days and happened in Brown County. (NOTE: Article Submitted by the Mills County Historical Commission to the Goldthwaite Eagle-Mullin Enterprise dated April 23, 1998 states they were rescued two weeks later near Sweetwater)

When the children were found, their bodies were pricked with thorns and their feet were blistered and swollen that they could scarcely limp along. One of the settlers allowed the boy ride with him and another took the girl. They claimed the children were so frightened they did not relax until after they were taken to the home of a relative.

*******************
Names of some of the Texas Rangers serving under John Williams were listed in Flora Gatlin Bowles Book:

Frank Gholson
J. D. Chesser
T.J. Priddy

Also the Army at Camp Colorado sent Sergeant Allenby and 15 soldiers to join Capt Williams.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Flora Gatlin Bowles, A No Man's Land Becomes a County (Austin: Steck, 1958).;


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**********Texas Ranger's links***********

Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum City of Waco & Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum This Web Page a Program of the Texas Ranger Research Center

The Texas Rangers: A Select Annotated Bibliography   Compiled and Annotated by Rebekkah Lohr, Curatorial Assistant Christina Stopka, Librarian/Archivist

These sites do not have a link back to this page so please use your "Browser Back Button" to return to this page

- The Handbook of Texas Online

SALT GAP (Brown County). Salt Gap is a pass between the Hog Mountains and Salt Mountain, five miles northwest of Blanket in northeastern Brown County

The Indian's used Salt Gap as a passageway in the mid-1800s. Sometime in 1858 a group of armed settlers intercepted a band of Indians returning from a horse raid in Coryell County. After engaging the Indians the settlers met a party of Coryell County men on the trail of the Indians, who had killed a family in Mills County and kidnapped two children, The Indians had supposely divided into two groups. One group of the Indians had been surprised by the settlers at Salt Gap. The other group of Indians, apparently hearing the gunshots at Salt Gap, had hastily broken camp and left the children, whom the searchers found in a thicket, unharmed. This story differs slightly from the account of events listed in Flora Gatlin Bowle's book, "No Man's Land becomes a County" (c) 1958. The pass probably took its name from nearby Salt and Gap creeks. Salt Gap was not labeled on maps in 1990. -"SALT GAP." The Handbook of Texas Online. <http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/SS/rks1.html> [Accessed Thu Jul 15 11:00:25 1999 ].   Enter Salt Gap as key word.
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- According to the Texas Handbook on line, The Comanches of the Penateka band (Honey-Eaters or Wasps) roamed this region in the nineteenth century; they were the southernmost Comanche band and apparently led the advance into the southern plains. Like other plains people they were mounted warriors and splendid hunters of buffalo.
Brown County and Pecan Bayou area's developed slowly between its founding (1856) and the 1870s, primarily becuase of the Indains harrassing the while settler and there were White Predators (Outlaw's) that also cause Settler's hardships until the late 1870s or early 1880s.

"BROWN COUNTY." The Handbook of Texas Online.
http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/BB/hcb17.html [Accessed Thu Jul 15 12:27:06 1999 ]. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Thomas Robert Havins, Something about Brown: A History of Brown County, Texas (Brownwood, Texas: Banner Printing, 1958). Tevis Clyde Smith, Frontier's Generation (Brownwood, Texas, 1931; 2d ed. 1980). James C. White, The Promised Land: A History of Brown County (Brownwood, Texas: Brownwood Banner, 1941).

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- "INDIAN CAPTIVES. History had shown the practice of captive-taking among North American Indians goes back to prehistoric times. Centuries before white men came to these shores, captives were taken from neighboring tribes to replenish losses suffered in warfare or to obtain victims to torture in the spirit of revenge. When the "White Man came, and warfare developed between whites and Indians, white captives were taken for the same reasons"

Indians prefer to capture young children if they intended to keep them and older persons for revenge or bargaining purposes.
The Indian raiders would end up killilng captive children who could not keep up with the Indians or slowed up the Indians if they were being chased.

Of the Children who arrived safely at the Indian village, They would be adopted as replacements for deceased relatives and thereafter treated as true sons or daughters. Many of these youngsters enjoyed the wild, free life of the Indians and after time would resist any attempts by White Settlers who would try to rescue them. History has shown that some of the young boys would actually become fierce warriors raid the white settlements. The Handbook of Texas On line listed these Six "white Indians" were Clinton and Jeff Smith, Herman Lehmann," Adolph Korn, Rudolph Fischer, and Kiowa Dutch who fought against White's.

White girls captured before the age of puberty would usually become a wife of an Indain Warrior and in a couple of case's even a Chief's wife. "Cynthia Ann Parker," who married the Comanche "Chief Peta Nocona" and became the mother of last war chief of the Comacnhe tribe was listd as an exampleEven after she was captured and returned to her True "White" relatives, Cynthia was said to have tried to run away back to her Indian family several times.
However Older girl's were mistreated or treated as slaves and usually died young

But History also shows that Captives that were returned to the White Settlements was not trusted or treated fairly.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hugh D. Corwin, Comanche and Kiowa Captives in Oklahoma and Texas (Guthrie, Oklahoma: Cooperative Publishing, 1959). J. Norman Heard, White into Red: A Study of the Assimilation of White Persons Captured by Indians (Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow, 1973).

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******links with Comanche information********


Another excellant site done as a school project, " The Comanche's" by R. E. Moore

Indian Years Coloring Book The coloring book from which this web publication derives was originally adapted from The Indian Years (Living With the Texas Past Series, No. 1), published by the Office of the State Archeologist (OSA), Texas Historical Commission. The paper version was originally printed by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), and distributed by both TPWD and OSA. At the current time, paper copies are no longer available for distribution from OSA. Converted to HTML by Bob Skiles on 23 January 1998.

These sites do not have a link back to this page so please use your "Browser Back Button" to return to this page
Captain John Williams :

I checked the Texas Rangers Partial Roster of Texas Ranger Unit Commanders Site in attempts to get more information on "Captain Williams" but the only John Williams they had listed was "Lt. John Williams (May 1858 - August 1859 - Texas Rangers / Mounted Volunteers, San Saba) " The time frame would be correct for John Williams and the rangers he led in the pursuit of the Indians who massacred the Jackson Family and Captured two of the children. He was listed as a Commanding officier on this site - They gave the following defination for Commanding Officer:

"The web site claims that the incomplete list that contained the name John Williams and other names were of commanding officers is the list that the Hall of Fame and Museum staff considers to be bona fide ranging companies.(visit their site to read the determinations). .. ...... This list includes Captains, Lieutenants, and Sergeants, all of whom did or could have served as commanding officers for Ranger companies. It was not unusual for several men to act as commanding officers for the same company when it was split into detachments" So a Commanding officier did not have the rank of Captain. -

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Sources:


(1) OTHER SOURCE's or BIBLIOGRAPHY: Goldthwaite Eagle-Mullin Enterprise, Article's submitted by the Mills County Historical Commission; dated April 9, 1998 and April 23, 1998; Historian Lee Roy Yarbrough, researched the historical records and pieced together the sketchy information, locating and identifying the graves on the Joachim Grevel Ranch that is located on Farm to Market Road 573 between Mullin and Ridge and west of the Pecan Bayou which was the site of the 1858 Indian Massacre of the Jackson Family.

(2) BIBLIOGRAPHY: Flora Gatlin Bowles, A No Man's Land Becomes a County (Austin: Steck, 1958).;
According to the book "A No Man's Land becomes a County on pages 36 and 37, Mrs. Bowles received her information from a Mrs. Callie Brown Shaw who claims the boy Andrew, told her after he bacame a young man. Reading Mrs. Bowles sources in the back of the book, I see that she got the information from a Printed manuscript of "Memoirs of Mrs. Callie Brown (Dictated on her 92nd Birthday in 1949) and that manuscript was by Brian Smith.

NOTE: At this time, Lydia Jackson  informed me that this was the first she heard of the names "Andrew" and "Annie" that was written about a hundred years ago. But she will look into it and let us know

(3) BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jerry Ellison, "Too Far West": The Jackson Family Tragedy (English Division, Delta College). He gives his opinion and guesses on the facts but it is more to the thinking and acceptance of the family lore than other sources. He mentioned the two Jackson's (Thomas and William) fighting in the Texas revolution and surmises that they may be related to Mose Jackson because they lived in the same area of Mississippi in 1830 as Mose did. He does mention that documentation shows Thomas and William Jackson as being born in Ireland, but believes they may have lied to the Mexican Government in order to be allowed to settle in the area.
(Additional note: William Daniel may have been born in Kentucky)

(4) Personal E-mail and written Correspondence as noted above from Jackson Family Descendants

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Notes from James Badgett
Great Gandson of Javan William Jackson


Jim wrote me that he has a very old typewritten, carbon copy of the Article, MASSACRE OF MOSE JACKSON'S FAMILY**THE POT OF GOLD THAT WAS NEVER FOUND, by Russell H. Ware. He has also been provided with several other versions of the Massacre by a descendant of Joshua 'Tobe'. These include the Rebecca account of the incident. One of the accounts version he has says there was a 14 yr old girl, 7 yr old boy, and 4 yr old girl murdered with their parents. This story was apparently told to Ware by J.T. Jackson and his son, of Marble Falls at the time. It also provides names of most of J.T.'s children. He wrote, "I do not know if this is the same ware version that is presently in Jackson research circles. I found it in Wilmoth's Bible, along with most of the information on her parents and siblings." NOTE: Wilmoth Luisa Jackson Noble is James Badgett's grandmother

James also sent a word file that included the names of the children of Josuha Moses Jackson and Lydia Margaret (O'NEAL) Jackson. (I have added a little bit of additional information in in side parenthesis and in green )

Children of JOSHUA JACKSON and LYDIA O'NEAL are:

John Thomas JACKSON, b. August 14, 1828, Copiah Co., MS; d. August 10, 1881, Denton, TX.

J. G. JACKSON, b. 1831.

Jarry Marion JACKSON, b. June 21, 1834, Copiah Co., MS; d. July 31, 1834.

Jarred Francis JACKSON, b. August 15, 1835, Copiah Co., MS; d. August 05, 1848, LA.

Jasper JACKSON, b. September 14, 1837; d. December 31, 1845, LA.

Javan William JACKSON, b. September 30, 1840, Copiah, MS; d. November 18, 1918, Hamilton Co, Tx. Javan married in San Saba County, to Mary Jane Smith, daughter of Benjamin Franklin SMITH and Wilmeth THOMPSON. She was born on November 19, 1846. After living in San Saba a few years they moved to Williamson County. They had nine children

Jethro JACKSON, b. 1841; d. 1861, Pecan Bayou, TX.

Lousia Elizabeth JACKSON, b. 1843, LA; d. November 24, 1858, Mills Co., TX.(Killed Note: others have date as Oct 21, or 24 1858)

Joshua "Tobe" JACKSON, (survivor) b. 1846, LA; d. 1890.

Rebecca Margaret JACKSON,(survivor) b. May 31, 1850, TX; d. May 16, 1927 She married John S. STROUD July 06, 1872 (only one of ten children that she bore and seven children of her husband's was listed Nora Ethel STROUD, b. June 11, 1889; d. May 04, 1932)

I. Jay JACKSON, b. August 20, 1852, TX; d. November 24, 1858, Mills Co., TX(Killed Note: others have date as Oct 21, or 24 1858)

(James lists the source for STROUD descendants from the World Family Tree "1. Brøderbund Software, Inc., World Family Tree Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree 1610 (Release date: November 29, 1995), "CD-ROM," Tree #1610, Date of Import: Mar 14, 1999.")James identified Lydia when he located one of the children in the On-line IGI. Javan's children were identified with Wilmoth's Bible and J.T.'s children through the Ware article.

Special Thanks to James Badgett for furnishing this information.

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A. J. "Jack" Brown

I would be most interested in learning more about this person, there are several Brown's listed on the Texas Adjutant General Service Records, 1836-1935 Web Page by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission:

Brown, A.    FB (Frontier Battalion, 1874-98, 1901)    401-144
Brown, A. C. SP (SP State Police, 1870-71)             401-42
Brown, A. W. RR (RR Regular Rangers, 1855-61, 1901-35) 401-52

However I could not find a A.J. Brown or a Brown that served the correct years, except for A. W. Brown. I checked the index for Jack Brown but those with initals, did not serve the correct years and there was none listed for Jack.

I am trying to find out if this A.J. Brown could be related to the Andrew Jackson Brown that married Rachel Caraway and supposely died in Arkansas but unsure of dates and location. Please contact me if you have any information to share, Sharon Ivy

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Notes for John S. "Jack Stroud


Click here for more information about his first family (7 children) and his marriage to Rebecca Jackson (10 children) after the death of his first wife.

"Sharon,
I would be pleased to be listed with the Jackson family researchers and am willing to share whatever information that I can with you and others. I will try to get some information to you on John Simmons Stroud's first wife and children too. It will be a few days....."

Stephanie Thibodeaux

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Mills County Historical Commission

has written histories that was used in the research and obtaining of the Historical Markers for the "Jackson Massacre" and the "Ratler, Texas and Renfro Dam" available for a $5.00 contribution for costs.(Please Note that this written history may or may not include items referenced on this Web Page, but are the actual research and narrative's sent to the Texas State Historical Commission for approval of the Historical Marker)

For Xerox copies of the Goldthwaite Eagle Newspaper articles, there will be an additional fee.

Checks should be made payable to:
Mills County Historical Commission

Send your request to:

Mills County Historical Commission
Mills County Courthouse
P.O. Box 483
Goldthwaite, TX 76844
Click here to visit the  Mills County Historical Commission Web Page

DISCLAIMER I am providing information via this website as a public service.

PLEASE NOTE

Users of this website are responsible for checking the accuracy, completeness, of all information themselves. I try to be accurate in transciptions and surveys, but I do not make any representations, guarantees, as to the accuracy, completeness, provided via this website other than typing errors that are brought to my attention. (if the original document or copy of documents has the typo then I will not change it)

I do not endorse any of the products, vendors, consultants, or documentation referenced in this website. Any mention of vendors, products, or services is for informational purposes only.



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