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Quinn, Quin, ó Cuinn

A Gaelic surname meaning descendant of Conn, which personal name may have meant ‘wisdom’, or ‘chief’ (head, sence, reason, intelligence; also a freeman, according to Woulfe). The most famous bearer of such personal name was Conn Cétchathach (‘of the Hundred Battles’) legendary ancestor of the Connachta Kings of Ireland.

This surname was adopted by several distinct septs:

A sept of the Cineál Eoghain who established themselves in Clanndeboy in the present Antrim during the fourteenth century.

A sept of the Cineál Eoghain in Magh Itha, now comprised in the barony of North Raphoe in Donegal. O’Duggan writing in the early part of the fourteenth century referred to :

“The men of Noble Magh Itha;

who defend the confines;

delightful their habits in every church; ...

The brave ó Cuinn and ó Cionaths.”

The confines mentioned in the poem may have meant the border with the Cineál Chonaill, ó Cionath may have become extinct or merged with ó Cuinn given the likeness of the two names.

In the 1850’s there were 176 Quinn households in Donegal; the largest concentration being in the parish of Donaghmore (35); followed by the parish of Inishkeel (23).

My great-grandfather William Quin a scutcher of flax lived in Gobnascale, and his father Daniel died in nearby Callan.

A sept of the Cineál Eoghain, who inhabited that part of Tír Eoghain, in the barony of Loughshilon now in County Derry.

A sept who were chiefs of Magh Lughadh and Síol Chathasaigh in Antrim.

A sept of Thuas Mhumhan (Thomond), also found in Tipperary a branch of the Dál gCais, descended from Conn, lords of Muintir Iferainn, originally seated at Inchiquin.

A sept of Anghaile (Annaly), a branch of the Conmhaicne and of the same stock as ó Fearghail (O’Farrells), who were chiefs of Muintir Ghiollagáin, an extensive district in Longford until they were displaced by the ó Fearghail.

A sept known as the Clan Chuain of Uí Fiachrach (Sligo and north Mayo). During the twelfth century they transferred their allegiance to Mac Diarmada (MacDermott) of Moylurg.

A sept of Uí Fiachrach,who were chiefs of Cúil Chearnadha.

A sept of Tír Amhalgaidh, now the barony of Tirawley in Mayo, who were Chiefs of Dun Fine, now Dunfeeny, nine miles north-west of Killalla. A sept of the race of Laeghaire, of the same stock as the ó Moráin (O’Moran) who were chiefs of an area around Ballycong, near Ballymore Lough in the parish of Attymas, in the barony of Gallen.

At the close of the fourteenth century an O’Neill took the name Quinn and his descendants settled in Galway.

The surname has been in Dublin for the past four hundred years and amongst its bearers have been a tutor to the Scottish royal family, a Lord Mayor and a famous actor.

The surname has been in County Wicklow since at least the seventeenth century and in 1854 there were 53 Quinn households.

Quinn was the nineteenth most numerous surname in 1890, the estimated number of bearers was 18,200, and it was the most numerous surname in Tyrone. In that year the name was to be found in every county in Ireland. It was principally to be found in Dublin, Tyrone, Antrim, Roscommon and Galway.

In the United States, Quinn is the 402nd most numerous surname with an estimated 77,000 bearers, O’Quinn is the 6,426th most numerous surname with an estimated 5,500 bearers, and Quin is the 15,374th most numerous surname with an estimated 2,500 bearers. This gives an estimated total figure of 85,000 for Quinn including variants. It is numerous in the states of Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York.

In England and Wales in 1996 it was the 255th most numerous surname.

Links

Quinn Surname Site

The Gaelic Septs

Ancient Territories of Ireland

Most Numerous Surnames in Ireland in 1890

Most Numerous Surnames in Scotland

Most Numerous Surnames in England and Wales

Most Numerous Surnames in United States

Most Numerous Surnames in Irish-America

Atlas of Irish Distribution

United States Surname Distribution of Quinn

Quinn Family Genealogy Forum at Genealogy.com

Quinn at Rootsweb

Search Quinn at MyFamilyAncestry

Search Quinn in Ellis Island Records

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The material above is taken from Surnames in Ireland, which you are invited to purchase.

Surnames in Ireland

First Edition

December 2000

* Seven hundred surnames

* Gaelic form

* English variants

* Septs

* Branches

* Territory of origin

* Distribution in Ireland

* Estimated number of bearers

* Frequency in England and Wales

* Frequency in Scotland

* Frequency in United States

ISBN 1 871509 39 4

$15.95


Surnames in Ireland is available for $15.95 post free (surface mail); from:

Sean Quinn, 57 Glenoughty Close, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.


Contents of Surnames in Ireland

Preface

Glossary

Ancient territories

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Chapter 2 Evolution of Irish surnames 4

Chapter 3 Anglicisation of Irish surnames 6

Chapter 4 Surname groups 10

Chapter 5 Distribution and frequency of surnames 13

Hundred most numerous surnames in Ireland 17

Chapter 6 Surnames in England, Wales and Scotland 18

Hundred most numerous surnames in England and Wales 22

Hundred most numerous surnames in Scotland 23

Chapter 7 Surnames in the United States 24

Most numerous Irish surnames in United States 25

Thousand most numerous surnames in United States 30

Main text Surnames in Ireland 37


Surnames in Ireland is available for $15.95 post free (surface mail); from:

Sean Quinn, 57 Glenoughty Close, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.


An Introduction to

Irish

Ancestry

Second Edition

November 2000

* Ancestral research

* Records

* Repositories

* Irish surnames

* Family record sheets

* Ancestor charts

* Websites

ISBN 1 871509 34 3

$9.95



Contents of An Introduction to Irish Ancestry

Chapter 1 Introduction to genealogical research 1

Chapter 2 Census Returns 4

Chapter 3 Civil Registration 8

Chapter 4 Parish Registers 10

Chapter 5 Primary Valuation of Tenements 14

Chapter 6 Tithe Composition and Applotment Books 16

Chapter 7 National Library of Ireland 18

Office of the Chief Herald

Chapter 8 National Archives 23

State Paper Office

Chapter 9 Public Records Office, Belfast 27

Chapter 10 Offices of the Registrar-General’s 30

Chapter 11 Registry of Deeds 33

Chapter 12 Other Repositories of Records 35

Royal Irish Academy

Linen Hall Library

Irish Land Commission

Land Valuation Office

Representative Church Body Library

Presbyterian Historical Society Library

Friend·s Library

Irish Jewish Museum

Dublin Local Studies Collection

The Family History Library

L.D.S. Library, Dublin

L.D.S. Library, Belfast

Chapter 13 Keeping family records 39

Family record sheet

Pedigree charts

Chapter 14 Surnames in Ireland 51

Chapter 15 Distribution of surnames 53

Chapter 16 Hundred most numerous surnames 57


An Introduction to Irish Ancestry is available for $9.95 post free (surface mail); from:

Sean Quinn, 57 Glenoughty Close, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.


Are you interested in an Irish Home Exchange?

Other Publications Available

The Civil Survey

1654 – 1656

The English Parliamentary Government ordered a survey of the ownership of land in Ireland, following the defeat of the Irish in the Rising of 1641. This was in order that the war that had been waged in Ireland could be paid for with Irish land.

VOLUME III : Counties of Donegal, London-Derry and Tyrone

As prepared for publication by

Robert C. Simmington

Of the Quit Rent Office, Dublin

Published by the Stationary Office in 1937

on behalf of the

Irish Manuscripts Commission

$75


The Civil Survey III is available for $75 post free (surface mail); from:

Sean Quinn, 57 Glenoughty Close, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.


Genealogical Tracts I

Comprising

A. The Introduction to the Book of Genealogies, by Dubhaltach MacFirbhiaigh.

B. The Ancient Tract on the Distribution of the Aithech-thuatha.

C. The Lecan Miscellany, being a collection of Genealogical Excerpts in the Book of Lecan.

As prepared for publication by

Toirdhealbhac O’Raithbheartaigh M. A.,

Published by the Stationary Office in 1932

on behalf of the

Irish Manuscripts Commission

$50


Genealogical Tracts I is available for $50 post free (surface mail); from:

Sean Quinn, 57 Glenoughty Close, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland.


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