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Abbott, Howarth, Ainsworth

Elizabeth Abbott, wife of Richard Tomlinson


Abbott Proposed Lineage

Compiled by Judy Griffin, 2007 - email address


Abbott Family

(and related Howarth, Ainsworth, Fletcher lines)

Most of the information below is from Vera Harris, indicated by (VH). While Vera did not record her sources, when possible her information was verified from other sources.

This is a complex and confusing family, difficult to follow, with many uncertainties, conflicting dates and intermarriages. Vera Harris, who provided much of the basic information, hired a researcher in England to obtain information on the family in England. This must have been a difficult task, since there are a number of Abbott, Howarth and Ainsworth families, all of who lived in the Blackburn area of England where our Abbott family probably emigrated from. In tracing our Elizabeth “Betty” Abbott, it was particularly helpful to follow her siblings, though it was quite difficult to keep track of all the various family members.

Our Abbott family and their spouses immigrated to America in the early 1840s, most traveling directly to Illinois. It is quite likely that the Abbott, Ainsworth, Howarth and Tomlinson families in Blackburn, England had communication with relatives who had earlier settled in Illinois.

It is not surprising that there were marriages between the Abbott, Howarth, Ainsworth and Fletcher families in Mason and Cass counties. The 1874 plat map of Lynchburg Township shows the farms of William Howarth, James William Howarth, Henry Abbott and J. W. and Timothy Fletcher all adjacent to each other. Not far away are George O’Leary, John Raworth and the Ainsworths. These families owned nearly one-fourth of the land in Lynchburg Township.

The progenitor of this line is said to be the William Abbott who married Nancy Holding on April 2, 1809 at St. Mary, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. William was a widower of the parish of Blackburn, Nancy a spinster (unmarried) of the same parish. (1) This explains why the birth dates for some of the children are before William and Nancy’s marriage, and would suggest that Dorothy, Jonathan, and possibly Elizabeth “Betty” were children of William’s first wife, possibly a Mary Whalley. There is a marriage record for a William Abbott, a warper, who married a Mary Whalley on November 14, 1796, St. Mary, Blackburn, both single. (2) There is an 1807 burial record for a Mary Abbott, wife of William Abbott, age 29. (3)

Lastly, there is another marriage record for a William Abbott, widower, married Ellen Hartley on August 15, 1808, St. Mary, Blackburn, remotely possible parents of Elizabeth “Betty.” (4) Undocumented sources give William’s name as William H. Abbott (or Thomas or William Thomas or William Henry, etc.). There is a baptism record for a William Abbott, son of William Abbott and Jane _?_, baptized on August 5, 1781, St. Mary, Blackburn, (5) who could be the parents of our William Abbott.

There is a parish record transcript for a Bety Abbot, born January 12, 1809, christened February 5, 1809 at St. Mary the Virgin in Blackburn, Lancashire county, England. (6) Her parents were a George and Mary Abbot. George and Mary also had a daughter, Margaret, born in circa 1806. This couple are also likely candidates for the parents of our Elizabeth “Betty” Abbott. However, there is a record for a Betty Abbott, born August 12, 1809, christening October 15, 1809 St. Mary-the-Virgin, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. Father William Abbott, mother Ellen surname unknown. (7)

It may be just a coincidence, but listed just after Richard and Betsy (Abbott) Tomlinson on their immigration ship list was the family of a Thomas Holden (Thomas, age 27; Alice, age 22; Thomas, age 4; and Margaret, an infant). Moreover, Thomas Holden was a spinner, as was Richard Tomlinson. Thus perhaps the second wife of William Abbott was a Holden, a misspelling of Holding.

The proposed children of William, those who immigrated to the United States, are our Elizabeth “Betty,” Alice Ann, Maria, Henry, and William P. The children listed are from Vera Harris, data indicated by (VH). The children of William Abbott may have been:

Vera Harris lists an additional child of William and Nancy, a Richard, with the same birth date as Joseph. This may be the Rachel found in the parish records. No further information was found. Note the four-year gap between the births of Alice Ann and Maria, and between Maria and Henry. There may have been additional children.

The relationship of the James Abbott, wife Elizabeth, daughter Elizabeth, who immigrated with the Lonsdale family in April 1843, is unknown. James and Elizabeth were age 46 (b. circa 1797), their daughter Elizabeth was age 8 (b. circa 1835). This family was found in the 1850 census for Peoria County, where many Lonsdales settled. James and Elizabeth were age 52 (b. circa 1878). In 1860 the family lived in Brimfield, Peoria County. There is a marriage record for an Elizabeth Abbott and Edward Story, married September 29, 1856 in Peoria County. This couple was living in Peoria County in 1860, Tazewell County in 1870. The Howarth family, some of whom settled in Peoria County, married into the Lonsdale family. No further information has been found.




Elizabeth Abbott

Elizabeth/Betty Abbott (William1) married Richard Tomlinson (see Tomlinson family history). According to her grand daughter, Elizabeth Alice (Raworth) Hutchinson, Alice Tomlinson’s parents were Richard Tomlinson and “Betty” Abbott. In the Raworth plot in the Riverside Cemetery, Crete, Saline County, Nebraska, there is a tombstone for Elizabeth Tomlinson, Grandmother, 1807-1892. Elizabeth Alice Raworth, also stated that she (the grand daughter) was named after Mahala Howarth (the Elizabeth name) and was born in the William Howarth house. “Mahala was a midwife for all of them.” This indicates either a family relationship between Elizabeth Abbott and the Alice Abbott, who married into this Howarth family and whose son married Mahala, or just that Mahala was the midwife for the area. Undocumented information does state that Alice Abbott and Elizabeth/Betty Abbott were sisters. However, since there is no documentation for the parents of Elizabeth/Betty, the sisters’ relationship is only by association.

The birth dates for Elizabeth “Betty” Abbott were derived from her tombstone (1807), censuses (1806) and immigration records (1812), dates ranging from 1806 to 1812. She may have been born January 8, 1807 (VH). If the birth dates on the list of children Vera Harris provided is correct, the 1807 date seems more likely, the typical two years between births.

There is a parish record for Alice Tomlinson, daughter of Elizabeth “Betty” and Richard Tomlinson. This record states that Alice was christened on February 5, 1832 at St Mary-The-Virgin, Blackburn, Lancashire, England and lists her father as Richard Tomlinson, mother Betty. (23) Unfortunately Betty’s maiden name was not provided in the record, but it does seem to confirm the marriage of “Betty” and Richard, as well as where this family lived before they came to America.

The Raworths and Tomlinsons were related to the Howarths, Abbotts and possibly the Ainsworths who also came from England and settled in Mason and nearby Illinois counties. In a somewhat confusing letter from Ethelyn Jones (daughter of Joseph Raworth’s son Richard), Dorchester, Nebraska, Dec. 7, 1969, she wondered how the Howarths tied in with the family. (24) She wrote: “Great Grandma Elizabeth Abbot Tomlinson, mother of Alice Tomlinson Raworth (our Grandma) was a sister to Uncle John Howarth’s wife. [This] made them Uncle and Aunt to Grandma Raworth. Uncle George O’Leary’s first wife, mother to John and Allie, was Nancy Howarth daughter of the John Howarths.” Ethelyn was stating that Elizabeth and Alice Abbott were sisters and that Nancy Howarth was the daughter of Alice Abbott and John Howarth.

There is a record for the probable sister of “Betty,” an Alice Abbott, born September 29, 1811, christened on January 5, 1812 St. Mary-the-Virgin, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. Father William Abbott, mother Nancy surname unknown. (25) This record for Alice fits almost exactly with the tombstone record for Alice, the wife of John Howarth. The documented record for Maria also provides support for this family lineage. Maria’s christening date, January 28, 1816 is close to the date of birth given on her tombstone. (26) These form the basis for the conclusion that a William Abbott was the father of our Elizabeth/Betty Abbott.



Alice Ann Abbott

Sister of Elizabeth Abbott

Alice Ann Abbott (William1) was born on September 29, 1811 in Blackburn, Lancashire, England and died on February 18, 1880, in Mason County, Illinois. Alice was baptized on January 5, 1812, St. Mary, Blackburn. Her death was listed in the 1880 census mortality schedule of Mason County: died February 1880, cause of death paralysis, age 69, a resident of Mason County 33 years. Alice married John William Howarth on July 26, 1834 at Saint Mary, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. (27) This is further support for our Elizabeth “Betty” Abbott’s family residing in Blackburn. Alice and William were both buried at Fairview Cemetery, Lynchburg Township, Mason County. They are said to have had nine children. Supposedly John William Howarth, his son William, and a number of his descendants had an inherited Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder (CMT), which does not affect normal life expectancy, nor is it fatal.

John William Howarth is said to have been born on August 10, 1809 (or 1813) in Blackburn, and died in August 1889 in Lewiston, Fulton County, Illinois (or near Bushnell, McDonough County, Illinois) while visiting his daughter, Elizabeth Howarth McGhee. There is an undocumented marriage for Alice Ann Abbott and John W. Howarth on July 14, 1834. In this record, John’s parents are said to be Richard and Nancy Howarth. There is a parish record for a Richard Haworth, weaver of Blackburn, and Nancy Holme, spinster, married on February 21, 1803, St. Mary, Blackburn. (28)

John W. and his oldest son, William, are said to have come to America in 1842 with the Ainsworth family. John W. purchased eighty acres of land in Lynchburg Township, Mason County on September 3, 1842, then returned to England to bring the rest of his family to Illinois. The family are said to have returned to Illinois in 1847, which agrees with the information given on Alice in the 1880 mortality schedule - a resident of Mason County 33 years. Perhaps it was the birth and death of their last child born in England, Amelia, born in 1846, that delayed their return to Illinois.

John and Alice built their first home on Fairview Lane in Lynchburg Township, their land was located across the lane from the Fairview Church in whose cemetery so many of the family members were buried. John and Alice had nine children, three of whom died in England, before the family came to Illinois – Emanuel, Jane, and Amelia. They were later to lose two daughters in house and barn fires. Five of their children were found in the 1850 census: William, Mary Jane, Henry, Nancy, and John. Only Nancy and John were born in Illinois. Living with them was a Joseph Howarth born circa 1825 in England, perhaps a brother of John W. Their farm was valued at $1,400, so they were doing quite well not long after arriving in Illinois. Enumerated on the previous page were Richard and Elizabeth (Abbott) Tomlinson, Alice’s brother Henry Abbott and Ainsworths. John W. then purchased additional land in 1853 and 1855. By 1870 his real estate was valued at $16,500, and personal estate at $300.

The children of Alice and John W. were:



Maria Abbott

Sister of Elizabeth Abbott

Maria Abbott (William1) was born circa November 30, 1815 and christened on January 28, 1816. She died on September 10, 1882. Maria married Thomas Ainsworth, Jr. in 1837 in Lancashire, England. They had ten children, but only eight have been found. Thomas was born circa January 31, 1809 and died on January 8, 1897. Thomas stated he was born January 30, 1814. Thomas may have married (2) Mrs. Margaret Holden Abbott on September 27, 1883 in Mason County who died October 17, 1883, (3) Mrs. Sarah Thornley on November 29, 1884 who died September 21, 1888. Thomas and all three are buried in Chandlerville City Cemetery, Cass County, Illinois, each listed as wife of a Thomas Ainsworth. According to Vera Harris, the third wife of Thomas Ainsworth was Sarah Abbott, who had previously married _?_ Thornley. This would have been Maria’s sister.

Maria’s father-in-law, Thomas Ainsworth Sr., was born circa 1782 in Blackburn, Lancashire, England, died in 1855 in Mason County, and was buried in Fairview Cemetery. He married Sarah Townley, circa 1810, Blackburn, England. Sarah was born circa 1784 in England and died in October 1855. According to Vera Harris the parents of Thomas Sr. were George Ainsworth and Betty Fielder. Thomas was a weaver and came to America in 1842 with a brother and his son William in 1842. He claimed land in Mason County and returned to England for his family.

Apparently Maria and Thomas immigrated with her brother Henry Abbott and his family, arriving on June 21, 1842. The ship’s list included Thomas age 28 and Maria age 26, Richard age 23 and Mary age 24 and William age 18. It appears that Thomas Ainsworth Jr. purchased land in Mason County on September 3, 1842, just a little more than two months after arriving at New Orleans. William Ainsworth also purchased land on September 3, 1842. As noted above, William was living with Thomas Sr. in 1850, though the value of the land was listed under William’s name, not Thomas Sr.’s. Richard Ainsworth was listed with real estate value in the 1850 Mason County Census, but land purchases were not recorded for him until 1853. These were all probably cash entry sales. Thomas Ainsworth’s biographies give family information:

Thomas’s birth is confirmed. (37) Thomas Ainsworth was born January 30, 1814, christened January 30, 1814, parents Thomas Ainsworth and Sarah. The interesting information is that he was christened at the Blackburn Presbyterian, so the family departed from the Church of England.

Children of Maria & Thomas:



Henry Abbott

Brother of Elizabeth Abbott

Henry Abbott (William1) was born on February 1, 1819 in Blackburn, England and died on July 10, 1898. Henry married Martha A. Keen on January 3, 1838 in Southport, Lancashire, England. Martha was born circa 1820 in England and died after 1880. They had seven children, only six have been found. Researcher Vera Harris claims that Henry’s daughter Alice Ann and Alice Abbott’s daughter Mary Jane Howarth were first cousins. This would make Henry and Alice Abbott brother and sister. All the children of Henry Abbott married and had children. In 1860 the probable brother of Martha Keen was living with Henry’s family.

Arriving on June 21, 1842 were a Henry Abbott age 23 and his wife, Ann Abbott also age 23, with their children, Alice Abbott age 11 and William Abbott age 5, though Alice’s age does not agree with the 1850 Mason County census. Henry was enumerated on the same page as the Ainsworths (who were on this ship) in the 1850 Mason County census. It appears that Henry immigrated with his possible sister, Maria Abbott Ainsworth. On the ship were these Ainsworths who were found in the 1850 census: Thomas age 28 and Maria age 26 (probably Henry’s sister); Richard age 23 and Mary age 24; William age 18. In the 1850 Mason County census, William was listed with his wife Elizabeth in the household of Thomas Sr. and Sarah Ainsworth. A William Ainsworth married Eliza Ann Lewis 1844 in Du Page County. It is unknown whose children the Sarah Ainsworth, age 11, and Mary Ainsworth, age 5, listed on this ship list were. They were not in the 1850 census for these Ainsworth families, and may have died/married by 1850. It appears that Thomas Sr. age 50 and Sarah age 48 immigrated in 1845 to join their children, although the ages do not match the 1850 Mason County Census.

In 1862 Henry was appointed Supervisor for Lynchburg Township. (39) In 2000 Lincoln, Illinois featured the home of Henry Abbott as part of its annual tour of historical homes. (40) Henry’s home was described: “419 Delavan St., owned by R. James and Rebecca Johnson. Henry Abbott, who was born in England, came to Logan County about 1865 and, after retiring from farming, built this house in the early 1870s. The 1875 city directory lists this as one of the first houses on Delavan Street.”




William P. Abbott

Brother of Elizabeth Abbott

William P. Abbott (William1) was born circa December 1823 (calculated from tombstone record) in England and died on May 25, 1879 in Lynchburg, Mason County, Illinois, age 55 years, 5 months, 16 days. He married a Margaret who was born circa 1824 in England.

According to Vera Harris, this was Margaret Holden, daughter of John Holden and Margaret Wholley. Margaret was born March 13, 1824 in Lancashire, England and died October 17, 1883 in Chandlerville, Cass County, Illinois. William and Margaret were married in 1850 in Blackburn, Lancashire, England. Vera lists a second marriage for Margaret to Thomas Ainsworth, Jr. on September 22, 1888 in Chandlerville, Cass County, Illinois. However, this would have been after her death. The Illinois Statewide marriage index lists Thomas Ainsworth married Mrs. Margaret Holden Abbott on September 27, 1883 in Mason County, Illinois. (48) Margaret probably died less than one month after their marriage. The marriage index also lists a Thomas Ainsworth married Mrs. Sarah Thornley on November 29, 1884 in Mason County. (49) Sara probably died on September 21, 1888. Thomas and all three are buried in Chandlerville City Cemetery, Cass County, Illinois, each listed as wife of a Thomas Ainsworth. Note that Vera Harris has the Sarah Abbott born 1821 as marrying a Thornley. So Thomas Ainsworth may have married William P.’s wife and William P.’s sister.

William P.’s probate file was transcribed at Havanna, Mason County (Box 1). He made his will on November 6, 1877, when he was age 53, naming his wife Margrate Abbott. Mentioned in the will was the following land: SE 1/4 of Section 14, Township 19, North of Range 10 West, 160 acres; SE of NE, Section 33, Township 19, North of Range 10 West, 20 acres (10 acres in probate). Heirs after the death of his wife were sons James Abbott and William Henry Abbott, daughter Margrate A. Abbott. Thomas T. Ainsworth of Mason County and Henry Abbott of Lincoln, Logan County were named executors. After he died on May 25, 1879, William Howarth signed and gave proof of death. Listed as heirs were: widow Margaret Abbott, James Abbott, Margaret A. Ainsworth, William H. Abbott. Relatives listed were Thomas Ainsworth of Chandlerville and Henry Abbott of the Town of Lincoln, Logan County, Illinois. The property listed included the above plus N side of E ½ of SW 1/4, Section 19, Township 19, Range 9, 20 acres. Total 190 acres in Lynchburg Township, $5,600 value. Added to this was 10 acres, E side of NE 1/4 of NE 1/4, Section 33, Township 19, Range 10. Then it seems there was a final total of $5,800.

Margaret, a widow, was living in Lynchburg in 1880 with their son William H. William P. was probably the son of William and Nancy. He named Henry Abbott (above) as executor in his will and Henry is listed as a relative in William’s probate, as was Thomas T. Ainsworth.

Children of William P. Abbott:


Ainsworth Family


Thomas Ainsworth was born circa 1781 or 1782 in Blackburn, Lancashire, England and died in 1855, in Mason County, Illinois, buried in Fairview Cemetery. He married Sarah Townley, circa 1810 or 1813, in Blackburn, England. Sarah was born circa 1784 or 1785 in England and died October 1855. Thomas was a weaver and came to America in 1842 with a brother and his son William in 1842. He claimed land in Mason County and returned to England for his family. According to Vera Harris, the parents of Thomas were George Ainsworth and Betty Fielder. The children of Thomas and Sarah were:

Ainsworth Family



Howarth Family

The information on this family in England gives somewhat a picture of the life and times of our Abbott and Tomlinson families, who came from the same area and probably the same social strata.

Richard Howarth was born circa 1781 and died in 1844, just two years after immigrating. Richard married Martha Greenwood or a Nancy in circa 1805. They had twelve children. In 1850 Martha, age 66, was living with Richard, Jr. She died in 1851. This Richard Howarth may be the father of John William Howarth who married Alice Ann Abbott. Bacup was about twelve miles from Blackburn.

According to a Greenhalgh (and variations) researcher, the father of Richard Howarth was a Henry Haworth (changed to Howarth later) of Lancashire England who married a Mariah _?_ of Lancashire England. (62) Their known son was Richard Howarth, Sr. who was born on February 18, 1780 in Fearns, Bacup and married Martha Greenwood on October 6, 1805 in Bacup. Richard died on August 12, 1844 west of Edwards, Peoria County, Illinois. Martha was born circa 1782 and died in 1851. They had 12 children born between 1806 and 1826 in Bacup, Lancashire, England: Grace, Mary, George, Samuel, James, John, David, Mariah, Ann, Susannah, Richard Jr and Edward.

Another Greenwood researcher, states that Martha Greenwood was baptized on March 25, 1782, the daughter of James Greenwood. (63) This Greenwood family was apparently from the Ashton-Under-Lyne area of Lancashire. Martha married Richard Howarth in 1805 and they did sail from Liverpool to the U.S. in 1842. “To my knowledge all were born in Bacup, Whalley parish, Lancashire. When the family came to the U.S. (Peoria Co., IL is where they settled) not all of the children came with them. Grace died young, Mary stayed behind, George died young, James stayed behind, David stayed behind, Mariah died young, and Edward died young. Of those that stayed behind they had already been married when the family left for the U.S.” Information from this researcher has been added to that from other sources.

In the ship list arriving at New Orleans for March 2, 1842 were what appears to be Richard and Martha Howarth and their family. Listed were Richard age 59, Martha age 56, Samuel age 32, John age 27, John age 21, Susannah age 19 and Richard Jr. age 18. Unfortunately, by the 1850 census these children were living on their own and Richard Sr., and son Samuel, had died in August 1844, so which of these were their children is uncertain. In 1850 Martha is living with Richard Jr. In the Peoria County records are marriages for John Howarth and Catherine Lonsdale in 1844, Susannah Howarth and John Hindle in 1845, Ann Howarth and James Greenough in 1847, and Richard Howarth and Alice Lonsdale in 1849. These account for all the individuals on the ship list except one of the Johns and adds an Ann Howarth that was not on the ship list. Richard Jr., born circa 1824, and a descendant of Susannah wrote letters to the Haworth Family Association in 1902 that confirms some of the data.

With Richard Howarth on the 1842 ship list there were two Johns - a John, age 21 (born circa 1821) and a John, age 27 (born 1815). In the 1890 Biographical and Portrait Album, Peoria County, there is supposed to be engraving of Richard.

Howarth Family


Endnotes

1 Parish Register: Marriages 1801 - 1809, P 549, No 1990. Source: Film 1278807 www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/ index.html.

2 Parish Register: Marriages 1792 - 1797, P 257, No 1031, Source: Film 1278807, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

3 Parish Register: Burials : 1803 - 1812, Page 51, Entry 15, Source: LDS Film1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

4 Parish Register: Marriages 1801 - 1809, P 510, No 1835, Source: Film 1278807, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

5 Parish Register: Baptisms 1773 - 1791, P 45, No 52, Film 1278778, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

6 Bety Abbot entry. Family Search International Genealogical Index v5.0. Microfilm of parish register transcripts, 1688-1837, Batch No. C034221, Source Call No.: 942.72 K29PR V. 110, Type Book, Printout Call No. 6904251. Online at www.familysearch.org, accessed January 2004.

7 Betty Abbott entry. IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles. Betty Abbott, birth August 12, 1809, christening October 15, 1809 St. Mary-the-Virgin, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. Father William Abbott, mother Ellen surname unknown.

8 Parish Register: Baptisms 1792 - 1812, P 194, No 6; Source: Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

9 Parish Register: Baptisms 1792 - 1812, P 194, No 6; Source: Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

10 Parish Register: Baptisms 1792 - 1812, P 194, No 6; Source: Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

11 Parish Register: Baptisms 1792 - 1812, P 194, No 6; Source: Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html.

12 IGI, Batch No.: C017637, IGI, seems to be a parish record.

13 Parish Register: Baptisms 1817 - 1822, Page 111, Entry 885. Source: LDS Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html

14 IGI, extracted birth or christening record, Batch No.: C017641.

15 IGI, extracted birth or christening record, Batch No.: C022085.

16 IGI, extracted marriage record, Batch No.: M007086, Dates: 1831 - 1846, Source Call No.: 1278808, Type: Film.

17 Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, Vol. 1, page 86, license no. 1117.

18 Parish Register: Baptisms 1822 - 1828, Page 77, Entry 611. Source: LDS Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html

19 Henry Abbott household. 1860 Illinois Federal Census, Township 19 Range 10, Mason County, Post Office: Bath, Roll: M653-210, dwelling 1896.

20 Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, Vol. A2, license no. 15 (or page no.), Mason County.

21 Parish Register: Baptisms 1822 - 1828, Page 294, Entry 2346. Source: LDS Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html

22 Parish Register: Baptisms 1822 - 1828, Page 294, Entry 2347. Source: LDS Film 1278804, www.lan-opc.org.uk/Blackburn/index.html

23 FamilySearch International Genealogical Index, Batch No. C017057, accessed October 31, 2003. The source is probably Parish registers, 1568-1900 [source not listed for this entry], Church of England, St. Mary-the-Virgin Church (Blackburn), Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1987. Note: listed in the batch file are a ton of births for female Ainsworths 1830-1833 born same place.

24 A transcription, original from Morris Dabbs.

25 Alice Abbott entry. IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles. Alice Abbott, birth September 29, 1811, christening January 5, 1818 St. Mary-the-Virgin, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. Father William Abbott, mother Nancy surname unknown. Batch No.: C017053 Type: Film.

26 Maria Abbott entry. Christening: 28 JAN 1816, St Marys, Blackburn, Lancashire, England, father William Abbott, mother Nancy Abbott. IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles, Batch No.: C017637 Type: Film.

27 Alice Abbott entry. John William Haworth [sic] married Alice Abbott, July 26, 1834 at Saint Mary, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles. Extracted marriage record for locality listed in the record. Source Information: Batch No.: M007086 Dates: 1831 - 1846 Source Call No.: 1278808 Type: Film.

28 Parish Register: Marriages 1801 - 1809, P 149, No 598, Source: Film 1278807.

29 Illinois Statewide Death Index , Pre–1916. Howarth, William; 10/10/1903; Chandlerville; 60 YR; Cass

30 Note transcribed from the 1872 Atlas of Mason County.

31 Transcribed marriage record from Mason County Marriage Records, Havanna, Illinois.

32 History of Menard and Mason County, Illinois, O. L. Baskin, 1879, p. 858.

33 Civil Registration Index, Deaths, District: Blackburn, County: Lancashire, Volume: 21.

34 Civil Registration Index, Births, District: Blackburn, County: Lancashire, Volume: 21, Page: 81.

35 History of Cass County, Illinois, ed. William Henry Perrin. O. L. Baskin & Co. Historical Publishers, Chicago, 1882. Cass County.

36 "Lynchburg Township," History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, p. 858.

37 IGI, extracted birth or christening record, Batch No.: C032981, Dates: 1811 - 1868, Source Call No.: 0087973, Type: Film, Printout Call No.: 6903678.

38 Decatur Sunday Review (Decatur, IL), May 16, 1926

39 History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, p. 431.Township Supervisors: Lynchburg - 1862, Isaac Sarf elected and resigned, Henry Abbott appointed and served in his place.

40 “Twenty homes featured on local tour,” May 2, 2000. archives.lincolndailynews.com/2000/May/05/news/today/today_a.htm, accessed November 2006. Lincoln Daily News (Lincoln, Illinois) publishes daily news about the Lincoln/Logan County area on the Internet at www.lincolndailynews.com, not a print publication.

41 Portrait and Biographical Record of Tazewell and Mason Counties, Illinois. pp. 661-662.

42 Memorial and biographical record; an illustrated compendium of biography, containing a compendium of local biography, including biographical sketches of prominent old settlers and representative citizens of South Dakota... Published by G. A. Ogle & Co., Chicago, 1899. Pages 455-456.

43 “Allen's Grove Township,” History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, pp. 836-837.

44 Transcription from the Mason County Marriage Records at Havanna, Illinois.

45 “Review of 1901,” Reprinted in the Mason City Banner Times (Mason City, Illinois), March 19, 1925. November 6 - Ira K. Abbott married to Nona Watkins both of Petersburg.

46 Mason City Banner, May 29 1913.

47 Descendants of George Pegram, online at, www.patch.net/pegram/pegg33.html. Accessed November 2006.

48 Vol. 1, p. 71, Lic. 919.

49 Vol. 1, p. 86, Lic. 1117.

50 IGI, extracted birth or christening record, Batch No.: C086331, Dates: 1805 - 1837, Source Call No.: 0560875 (RG4 1818), Type: film, Printout Call No.: 6904320, Type: film.

51 “Mason City Township,” History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, pp. 784-785.

52 Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, Abbott, John B; Ainsworth, Mary J; 10/14/1869; Vol./Page: 003/0001 00001274; Mason County.

53 “Mason City Township,” History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, p. 784.

54 Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, Vol. A, license no. 162, DuPage County, Illinois.

55 Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, Vol. A2, page 01, license no. 74, Mason County, Illinois.

56 “Lynchburg Township,” History of Menard and Mason Counties, Illinois, Chicago: O. L. Baskin, Co., 1879, p. 858.

57 IGI, extracted marriage record, Batch No.: M007086, Dates: 1831 - 1846, Source Call No.: 1278808, Type: film.

58 IGI, extracted marriage record, Batch No.: M007086, Dates: 1831 - 1846, Source Call No.: 1278808, Type: film.

59 IGI, extracted birth or christening record, Batch No.: C086331, Dates: 1805 - 1837, Source Call No.: 0560875 (RG4 1818), Type: film, Printout Call No.: 6904320.

60 A Thornber Family with Origins in Slaidburn and Gisburn Forest, Formerly Yorkshire, Now Lancashire, England, home.clara.net/craigthornber/htmlfiles/illinois.html, accessed March 2005.

61 The GRO index of deaths shows that an Adam Proctor Thornber died in the 4th quarter of 1849 in Blackburn district, ref. 21 12.

62 GREENHALGH connections??, posted to GREENHALGH-L mail list by Bunny Jeanne Harvey <bunny@vii.com>, Salt Lake City, Utah, on June 17 1997.

63 Posted to GREENWOOD-D DigestVolume 97 : Issue 22 from Jonathan Jarvis on October 17, 1997

64 History, Parish Records, Cemetery Records of Christ Episcopal Church, Limestone Township Peoria County, Peoria, Illinois Extracted from original records by Gerald Kimzey. 1987. Old Christ Church Cemetery Tombstone Inscriptions, p. 70.

65 History, Parish Records, Cemetery Records of Christ Episcopal Church, Limestone Township Peoria County, Peoria, Illinois Extracted from original records by Gerald Kimzey. 1987. Marriages Old Christ Church Page 17.

66 History of Peoria County, Illinois, Chicago: Johnson & Co., 1880, pp. 773-774.

67 Old Christ Church (Christ Episcopal Church), Limestone Township, Peoria County, Illinois, The History, Page 2-4. genealogytrails.com/ill/peoria/church/cc/historycc.htm, accessed November 2006. Historic Peoria, Christ Church of Lower Kickapoo. www.historicpeoria.com/entry.php?eid=309&catid=6&cid=1, accessed November 2006.