biographical text for Lorenzo Dow Hubbard
In his family memories Socrates writes of
"My earliest recolections of him are
of a young man grown working on the farme with father. He left home when I was
very young probibly not more than four years old. I recolect him coming home every month or two he was teaching for
a while in middelburg. Then he went to studdeying
medison in Schoharrie in Dr Fosters office.
I can see him now as he used to come along the road above our house the
distance to Schoharrie was about twenty milds he used at this early time to
walk. He attended lecturs in
Castelton. Father furnishing him
money. A good deel of the money was
borrowed of welthy neighbors and much of it repaid after I became of
considerable size. After Graduateing in
Castelton he attended a course of Lecturs in New York and also graduated
there. By this time he had got his
ideas very much elavated. And when he came home he talked large of fights etc.
He settled in Schoharrie and told big
stories of his success. Made tweny
dollars before breakfast and made our doteing Father very proud and realy
believe that he was making fifteen hundred dollars a year when in fact he was
not making a living and was so hard pushed for money that he made noats and
signed my Fathers name to them and got the money on them. I recolect Father being obliged to pay
several I dont know how maney of these notes to keep him from prossicution.
He married at the age of twenty two Eve
daughter of Dr. Vandyke. Eve was a
refined well edgucated woman and made him a frugal wife. There was however very little in common
between them and Lorenzos secracy in regard to his business matter made her at
He remained for several years in
Schoharrie and then moved to Durham. He
was a violent Whig when he left Schoharrie in the morning but on ariving in
Durham at night had become a stauch Democrat.
The leeding men in D were Democrats. Hear he remained for several years
and enjoyed a lucrative practice. In
the mean time Father moved to the town ship on the old Hamlin place. The farm was situated nearly half way
between Durham village and Oak Hill one of the most lovely places in the
world. The Farm was bought with money
my father had coming from the sale of the old Broom farme. Lorenzo acted as
Fathers agent and in sted of having the deeds made out in fathers name he had
it deeded to him which made him in possession of all Fathers property I need not comment on this act. Three years after this Lorenzo traded two
hundred acres of land of fathers for a farme in South Durham and the half of a
Drugg store in Saugarties and moved in the fall to that place. He hear went
into practice and had a fare run of business.
He was then about thirty two years old at this time, was very
gentelmanly in his manners and had attained a degree of worldly wisdom that
plased him fare ahead of the common hird.
His figer was straight and he was fastidious in his dress and vain of
his personal appearance. I visited him
frequently in Saugarties at which time, we spent much of our time in the
mountains geoligiseing He had from
youth a tast in that way and contributed largely to the survey of the State
Geologist in the eastern part of the state and His name is mentioned honerably
in the reports. Lorenzo had as I have before hinted a weekness for aristocratic
sociaty and a spruce appearance. I used
to be flattered and amused after I became a man grown and visited him from
Baltimore a dashing young man at his interaduceing me to his friends with such
an are [air] my brother from Baltimore.
L. remained about four years in Saugerties
had got very much in debt had borrowed money and become harrased to deth with
bills. So far he had failed in all his
worldly scheemes. He now moved to New
York and settled on eight Avenew Abington Synair. Furnished his house well and went into practice. Here he remained I think about two
years. I think he had a hard time to
get along and became discouraged. About
this time the gold discoveries were made in Calafornia and he with a doz others
purched a bark and went round the horne.
He left his family in NY now consisting of four children. I will not attempt to relate the hardships
they encountered alone out of money in a friendless city. Lorenzo arrived in Calafornia sole owner of
the bark the rest of the company had become disgusted with the see and
everything that floated upon it so they sold out cheepe. Once in Sanfranciscoe he set about him for
the main chance and soon obtained a good situation in shape of Phisician to the
Hospital with a salery often thousand dollars a year this he held for too years
when a new Hospatel building was erected
He purched the old building and site and put up a large Hotell the
Premelen (rather Russion). He had the
building about half finished when a greate fire broke out in the Sacromento.
which rased the price of lumber to such an extente that in finishing the
building he broke up it was said he was worth fifty thousand dollars. I received tickets to a grand opening ball
at his Hotell. He still remained in
Sanfranciscoce for some year or more but had become very unpopeler He next went to Oragon I cant say what he
did there he was at a U.S. fort and probibly was a surgon. I ought to say that for the most part of the
time he sent liberal support to his familey which also alowed his sons to
After he returned to Calafornia he settled
in Marys Ville and published and edited a medical Journal. His oldest son went out to him (Charles) he
was grown and now is a Lawyer in Mariesvill. After a seperation of ten dreary
years his wife went to him with the rest of the children or at least they all
soon followed. The younger children had
no memory of their Father. L. is at this time in Marysville as far as I know
and hear I will end his history for the present.
Since writing the above I have received a
letter from Lorenzo. He gives me an
account of his family. His oldest
Daughter Lis is married to a Mr. Boon.
Charles and VanDyke were both lawyers.
They are now I lern in the armey. VanDyke is a majer."
Socrates Hubbard, in the above account,
states that Lorenzo died on Alcatraz Island, CA. Although Lorenzo may have
served on Alcatraz at some time, which was an Army fort before it was used as a
prison, he died at Fort Bidwell, Modoc County, in the extreme northeast corner
of California. The small town of Fort
Bidwell is located there now. It was
founded as a military post in 1865. In
1879 soldiers from this fort were sent out to suppress the Piute Indians. This
action ended what was known as the Modoc War. Fort Bidwell was decommissioned
in 1892 and turned over to the Dept. of Interior for use as an Indian
March 8, 1849, Lorenzo Hubbard sailed from
New York on the bark, Palmetto.
In the San Francisco City Directories:
1850 - he is a resident physician at the
State Marine Hospital.
1852-53 - he is listed as a physician at
1854 - Charles Hubbard, law student at
Judge Bennett's. This may be Lorenzo's
1854 - C. G. Hubbard, attorney, 6 and 7
Armory Hall, 2nd floor, Sutherland and Stebbins, attorneys at law. This may also be a son of Lorenzo's.
1854 - Lorenzo is listed as an M.D.,
residence and office at Clarendon House.
In the same directory the State Marine Hopital is listed as "(late
Clarendon Hotel)", 324 and 326 Stockton St., between Broadway and Vallejo.
1856 - Lorenzo is listed at the corner of
Washington St. and Waverly Place.
1856 - physician, residing at the rear of
228 Washington St, Waverly Court.
1856-57 - M.D., residing Waverly Court
1858 - physician, dwelling 230 Washington.
February 20, 1855, San Francisco Water
Company trustees signed the articles of association. The trustees were James C.
Stebbins, Fayette Howe, Dr. Lorenzo Hubbard, Conrad K. Hotaling and James W.
Jenkins. (Museum of the City of San
Francisco, California Gold Rush Chronology, 1855-56.)
In 1855 he co-founded the San Francisco
Medico-Chirurgical Association and served as its first president.
Following are several articles from the
California Historical Society. They are
arranged in order of occurance in Lorenzo's life.
California Historical Society Quarterly,
Vol. 16, 1937, page 336. Continuation
of the Annals of San Francisco, Compiled by Dorothy H. Huggins, October 30 to
November 21, 1855. This portion of the
"Continuation of the Annals of San Francisco" has been adapted from
the Alta California and the Daily Evening Bulletin, October 30 to November 21,
November 6, 1855. The steamship
California, taking the place of the Columbia in consequence of the
comparatively small capacity of the latter, left for Fort Vancouver this morning,
taking troops to the seat of the Indian war. Among the passengers were Major
General Wool, Major Cross, Lieutenant Bonnycastle, Lieutenant Arnold, Captain
Keyes, and fifty soldiers from the Presidio under the command of the last
named. With the troops now in Oregon and those going up today, the forces in
the field will number about one thousand.
The San Francisco Presidio is nearly deserted. Only a sergeant, a corporal, and twelve men are left behind as
guard and to fire a salute to the French flag on the arrival of a national
vessel bearing the flag of that empire. In the County Court, before Judge
Freelon, on a petition of F. M. Pixley, a writ de lunatico inquiriendo was
taken out for the examination of the mental condition of R. N. Morrison,
formerly County judge and a distinguished member of the Bar. He was sent to the Asylum in charge of a
special deputy. Although the Board of
Aldermen have refused to order an election for members of that Board to fill
the vacancies occasioned by the resignations of Messrs. Rankin and Brittan, the Democrats have
nominated Mr. Lorenzo Hubbard and Mr. Peter Campbell. Mrs. Woodward, one of the oldest and most popular theatrical
ladies in California, took a benefit at the Union Theater. Lucretia Borgia,
with Mrs. Woodward as Lucretia; the comedietta of Faint Heart Never Won Fair
Lady, in which Mr. and Mrs. Stark appeared; and the delightful comedy of Spring
and Autumn, or The Bride of Fifty, were given.
California Historical Society Quarterly,
Vol., 22, 1943 An article on, "California Copyrights, 1851-1856, page 40.
December 3, 1856 - Hubbard, Lorenzo, M.D., Rise and Progress of the Committee
California Historical Society Quarterly,
Volume 11, 1932, page 138. An article
entitled, Victor J. Fourgeaud M.D., Second Physician and Surgeon in San
Francisco, Writer of California’s First Promotional Literature.
Doctor Fourgeaud may have saved the children of the San Francisco Bay
region  but he stirred up, as well, a hornet's nest in the ranks of the
medical profession. Old dogs do not
take kindly to new tricks. Many an old
practitioner who could not read French, did not subscribe to this new fangled
diagnosis for croup. Diphtheritis! Nonsense.
Dr. Lorenzo Hubbard, President of the San Francisco Medical-Chirurgical
Association, sprang into the lists with all the emphasis of his position in the
medical society and the community at large. Bretonneau was mistaken. "The disease denominated diphtheritis
(by him) was clearly the secondary form of croup." So wrote Hubbard. So he believed.
Footnote 31, on page146. Hubbard, L., "Pacific Coast
Diseases," California State Journal of Medicine, Vol. 1, p. 323, Jan.,
California Historical Society Quarterly,
Volume 10, 1931, page 245. CALIFORNIA'S
BANTAM COCK, The Journals of Charles E. De Long, 1854-1863, edited by Carl J.
Wheat, The Journal for the Year 1860.
Thursday, July 12, 1860 - ... took a Span of Grays and Jesse O Goodwin
and drove to Oroville in three hours.
Argued the case Bowen vs Aubrey et al against Filkins and Mesick and got
a little the worst of the rulings. - came home and drove back in three
hours. had a dance in the evening at
Mrs. Taylor's. Miss Sally & May
Tennent [and] Miss[es] Hubbard, McLelland, Booth, Buckmaster, Teegarden and
Mrs. Taylor formed the lady coterie.
Messrs. Hubbard, Hite, Booth,
Oneale, Fall, and Belcher formed the gentlemen's coterie.... [The Hubbards mentioned here are quite
possibly Lorenzo's children.]
Thursday, July. 19, 1860 - ... In the evening had a grand Douglass
ratification meeting Judge Reardon opened, Wheeler & Goodwin followed and I
closed. had a very large meeting if
this is any sign we are ahead. Dr.
Hubbard was chairman; had lots of music, cannon and skyrockets, and all passed
off in good style. in the night and as I am writing a beautiful serenade is
being sung on the balcony opposite of the St. Nicholas and fellows applauding
in the Street.
Notes to The Journals of Charles E. De Long, note 59. This Convention
was called to order by Joseph P. Hoge, Chairman of the State Central Committee
(see Note 91, 1861), and 354 delegates were reported as represented in person
or by proxy. There were present
thirteen delegates from Yuba County: C.
E. De Long. J. S. SlingerIand, T. B.
Reardon, J. P. Muldoon, Lyman Ackley, E. D. Wheeler, W. W. Presbury, W. Edgar,
L. Hubbard, J. Pavne, George Lambdin, A. Pearley and J. G. Smith. It is of interest that J. W. Coffroth was
now back in the Douglas fold. (Union, Sept. 6, 1860.)
California Historical Society Quarterly,
Vol., 37, 1958. An article entitled,
"Californians Against the Emperor, by Robert Ryal Miller, page 193.
This article describes the moral and
physical support of Californians in support of Mexico and President Juarez to
oust the French. This event occurred
during the time of the American Civil War.
Juan Dias, who lived in San Jose, reported that after he had volunteered
to go to Mexico, he "encountered some family difficulties." He
suggested that all would be well if Vega would allow Senora Dias to accompany
the expedition. And from Marysville, Vega heard that a native California
infantry company had been raised with the ultimate objective of aiding
Juarez. The correspondent requested a
Spanish book on military tactics so that his contingent could be adequately
prepared. The letter was signed by Jose
Buentello Elizando and included the name of Dr. Lorenzo Hubbard, to whom the
requested volume was to be sent.
In 1858 he removed to Marysville, Yuba
county, CA, where he is found in the city directory: Dr. Lorenzo Hubbard, physician, 59 D Street.
In the 1859 Marysville city directory he
is listed as: Hubbard and Teed,
physicians, D Street, between 2nd and 3rd.
He edited the Marysville "Medical and
Surgical Reporter," from 1858 to 1860.
While residing in Marysville, Dr Lorenzo
Hubbard and Dr H.W. Teed, published the Marysville Medical and Surgical
Reporter. It is unknown how many issues
were published. The National Libray of
Medicine has two volumes recorded on microfilm, Vol 1, 1858 and Vol 2, 1860,
NLM number S2580, unique ID 0205667, DNLM M04880000(s), located in the HMD
collection, call number W1 MA82, Nat. Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike,
Bethusda, MD 20894. Internet
On July 31, 1863, Lorenzo Hubbard was
appointed as surgeon in the US Army, District 1, California and was honorably
discharged April 30, 1865.
During the Civil War civilian physicians
examined U.S. Army recruits, draftees, and substitutes to determine their
fitness for military service. Drs.
Lorenzo Hubbard and Alexander B. Nixon examined approximately 1,600 men in
California's Northern and Middle Districts, respectively. Reports filed by Hubbard and Nixon following
the war provide valuable insights into California's medical and social history,
especially the doctors' understanding of the relation between disease and
topography, climate, and race.
["'The very best soldiers in the world': Two Surgeons Examine California's Civil War Recruits," by
Julie A. Doyle and John David Smith, Military History of the West, Vol. 27, No.
1, Spring 1997, pp. 59-82, published by the Univ. of North Texas.]
He contracted with the US Army to serve as
a contract AA Surgeon and arrived at Fort Bidwell September 6, 1870. He is carried on the Fort Bidwell rolls
until his death. In the post return for
September, 1871, he is listed as seriously ill since September 24, 1871. In the post return for October, 1871, he is
listed as having died October 3, 1871.
A letter dated October 17, 1871 and received at the post on October 24,
1871, concerns, "Replies to a communication in regard to removing AA Surg.
Hubbard remains to San Francisco, Cal."
biographical text for Evaline Van Dyck
The following is extracted from Widow's
Pension 313052, filed by Eveline, widow of Lorenzo Hubbard. Lorenzo Hubbard died 3 Oct 1871, at Camp
7 Feb 1884 - Eveline Hubbard, aged 70
years, under oath in the US. District Court in San Francisco swears: That she is the widow of Lorenzo Hubbard,
deceased, late Acting Assistant Surgeon, US Army, who was commissioned in 1868,
and who died in the service of the United States at Fort Bidwell, California,
on the 3d day of October 1871, of bloody dysentery, a disease contracted in the
service and line of duty at Fort Bidwell, California, a short time prior to his
That she was married under the name of
Eveline Van Dyck to said Lorenzo Hubbard on the 14th day of January 1834, by
Rev. Hamilton Van Dyck of the Reformed German Church at Chambersbay Penn. [appears to read Chambersbay, but probably
is Chambersburg, Franklin Co., PA.]
That neither she nor her husband had been
previously married. That she has to the
present date remained his widow. That
at the time of his death they had no children under the age of sixteen years.
That she has not in any manner been
engaged in or aided or abetted the rebellion in the United States. That no prior application has been filed.
That her residence & post office address is 501 Harrison St., San
On the same date, H. C. Van Dyck, residing
at 310 Peru St., San Francisco and H. J. Booth, residing at 501 Harrison St.,
San Francisco, also appeared and under oath said that they were present and saw
Eveline Hubbard sign her name to the foregoing declaration.
7 Apr 1884 - Sarah Hawkins, aged 64 years,
residing at 292 Orchard St., Chicago, Cook Co., IL, appeared before a notary
public and swore; that she is a sister of Eveline Hubbard; that she was present at the marriage of
Eveline Hubbard to Dr. Lorenzo Hubbard at Schoharrie, Schoharrie Co., NY; that
the marriage took place 14 Jan 1834 at our father's house; that the ceremony was performed by our
brother Rev. Hamilton Van Dyck, then a minister of the German Reformed Church;
that Eveline Hubbard and Lorenzo Hubbard lived and cohabited together and had
children born to them; that she remained his wife until he died; that she is now his widow and resides in San
Francisco, CA; that she has in her
possession the family bible of C. H. Van Dyck, in which the marriage of Eveline
Van Dyck and Lorenzo Hubbard has been recorded in the hand writing of C. H. Van
Dyck the father of Eveline Hubbard;
that the following is a correct and true copy of the family bible
1829 August 25, Tappan and Elizabeth Van Dyck
1833 March 19, Hamilton Van Dyck and Mary Allison
1833 July 2, C. H. Van Dyck to Margaret V T Brad
1834 January 14, Lorenzo Hubbard to Eve Van Dyck
1836 Sept 28, Newton F. Hayes to Catholine Van Dyck
11 April 1884 - Cornelius C. Van Dyck,
MD., of Ramsey, Bergen Co., New Jersey, appears before a Justice of the Peace
and swears under oath that he is the brother of Eveline Hubbard, the widow of
Lorenzo Hubbard; that he was present at
their marriage; that the Rev Hamilton
Van Dyck died about the year 1836 April 26.
22 Apr 1884 - The Surgeon General's
Office, Washington, DC., reports that their records show that Dr. Lorenzo
Hubbard served as the Acting Assistant Surgeon, US. Army in the Department of
California from August 23, 1866 to January 21, 1867 and from February 11, 1868
to date of death October 3, 1871. That
it appears from the records of the post hospital, Camp Bidwell, California,
that Lorenzo Hubbard was treated in quarters for chronic dysentery from
September 21, 1871 to October 3, 1871.
He is reported as having died from chronic dysentery which originated in
the line of duty.
26 April 1884 - Norman F. Nickerson, of
Prattsville, Greene Co., NY, appears before a notary and swears; that he is the Pastor of the Reformed Church
at Prattsville, Greene Co., NY; that the following is a true copy of an extract
from the record of marriages of the Reformed Church viz. 1834 Jan 14 Lorenzo
Hubbard, Schoharrie C.H. to Eveline Van Dyck, Schoharrie C.H. Minister
H. Van Dyck
From the pension records, it appears that
Eveline Hubbard died March 11, 1902.
Relationship to Father: